byway - a secondary or little known aspect or field + highways and byways.

improvidence - unforeseeing + highly improbable.

lifework - the entire or principal work of one's lifetime + life worth living + life worth leaving: i.e. dying, committing suicide.

cell - a small apartment, room, or dwelling

cittā (Italian) - city

cit - townsman, an inhabitant of a city + sitters to sit in.

wimman - woman + old woman's story - a foolish story.

run away with - to carry off (something)

min - mind, memory, intention + min (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - men + min (Dutch) - love; wet nurse.

smooth - using specious or attractive language; plausible, bland, flattering, (usually with implication of insincerity or selfish designs)

butteler - butler (a servant who has charge of the wine-cellar and dispenses the liquor) + butt - arse, behind + behind (one's) back - after one has left (a company), in one's absence + talk behind the butler's back - to spread rumours.

Long Tom - a long gun, especially one carried amidships on a swivelling carriage + While London Sleeps (song).

ye - you

tin - money, cash + anything.

harridan - a sharp-tongued, scolding or bullying old woman + married Ann.

mercenary - working merely for the sake of monetary or other reward, actuated by considerations of self-interest

fat of the land - richest or most nourishing part of the land, the choicest produce (of the earth) + the lie of the land - the state of affairs.

liquidation - the action or process of ascertaining and apportioning the amounts of a debt, the clearing off or settling (of a debt)

flood + Flut (ger) - flood + flute! (fr) - expletive.

nare - were not; never



glabrous - free from hair, down, or the like; having a smooth skin or surface + glaub- (ger) - believe + Joyce's glaucoma.

place + face + phase.

Herr (ger) - mister, gentleman + Schuft (ger) - rogue, scoundrel + Herrschaft (ger) - mastery.

welter - the rolling, tossing, or tumbling (of the sea or waves) + Whatarwelter, Herrschuft - plays about with German Der Herr schuf die Welt ("The Lord created the world"), with Schuft, "rascal"; Weltherrschaft is "domination of the world." See Letters, I, 248. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) 

loan - to grant the loan of, to lend + Push the Business On (children's game): 'I hired a horse and borrowed a gig, / And all the world shall have a jig; / And I'll do all 'at ever I can / To push the business on.

vesta - a kind of wax match + Vesta - Roman goddess of the hearth, celebrated with an eternal flame. Hence the word 'vesta', meaning "match", and vestal virgins, who tended the eternal flame + (introducing images of a woman tending a fire with a bellows).

hire - to procure the temporary use of (any thing) for stipulated payment

sarch - search

cockle - a kind of stove for heating apartments; common edible European bivalve mollusk having a rounded shell with radiating ribs + warm the cockles of one's heart - to rejoice, delight.

turfman - a devotee of horse racings, one who study fine grasses, their care and uses + turf - a slab or block of peat dug for use as fuel.

piff - an imitation of various sounds = piff paff

puff - to blow short blasts (with mouth or bellows) upon (a fire) to make it burn up (obs.) + {woman tending a fire with a bellows that create "puffs" of air; compare this with FW 003.09-10: "nor avoice from afire bellowsed mishe mishe to tauftauf thuartpeatrick"}

poff - puff (obs.) + 'tauftauf' interjection which recurs throughout the book (from German taufen: to baptise).

humpty - hunch backed + (Humpty Dumpty reappears, as the dreamer contemplates the eggs he (she?) will have for breakfast; he himself becomes an egg-shaped being doomed to fall. Humpty Dumpty who, prior to Lewis Carroll, was merely a four-line poem referring to a cannon in the English Civil War, comes back in the dream again and again as the dreamer becomes obsessively stuck on this four-line nonsense poem.)

shall + egg shell or Humpty Dumpty's shell (which breaks when he falls from his wall).

frump - a mocking speech or action; a dowdy, ill-dressed woman + plenty (forty) times + (impotence).

awkward - lacking dexterity or skill in performing their part; clumsy in action, bungling + as often again.

Kafoozalum - a Scottish dance sometimes known as London Bridge + Jerusalem - Holy City of Jews, Christians and Muslims.

remonstrancer - one who makes reproof, complaint (to some authority), raise an objection, urges strong reasons against a course of action + The Grand Remonstrance - a document produced by Parliament in 1641 giving account of royal mismanagement and recommending radical reforms + romancer - a writer of romances or romantic fiction.

brekker - breakfast (slang) + FDV: She brings us her We know all men by these her presents from the goneaway past how there'll be eggs for the brekkers come to mourning.

sunny side up - egg fried on one side only + (notebook 1924): 'eggs with sunny side up' Freeman's Journal 8 Feb 1924, 8/4: 'By the Way': 'poached eggs, or, as we say, 'eggs with the sunny side up''.

where there's (the natural word-order has been reversed due to the proximity of the word 'turnover')

turnover - the action of turning over, in various senses (to agitate or revolve in the mind, go through and examine mentally); English penny; In business: The total amount of money changing hands; loaf of bread shaped somewhat like a boot (Anglo-Irish).

tay - tea + the tea is wet (Anglo-Irish phrase) - the tea is ready (also euphemism for sexual intercourse; there are several sexual references in this passage: cocks, bottoms, butts, hinds, turning over, wetting).

hind - a servant, a married and skilled farm workman; situated behind; posterior, arse

hin - him; hen (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) + FDV: For where there's a there's wherever the gale find seek guess find [the] gall & wherethen whenthere's a hind seek hunt seek the hun.]]

FDV: The best cheapest plan is to tour round east & north & to the review the of two mounds. Pardon. Behold this sound of Irish sense. Really? Here English might be seen. Royally? _____ A sovereign punned to paltry pence. Regally? A silence makes a scene. Behold! / Hush! Caution! Echoland!

behaviourism - a theory and method of psychological investigation based on the study of behaviour + favourite + on the job (Slang) - engaged in sexual intercourse.

bandy - a game, also called bandy-ball, in which a small ball is driven to and fro over the ground, with bent club sticks, by two sides of players + Queen Anne's Bounty - provision for maintenance of the poor clergy. It was created in 1703 out of first fruits and tenths (hence Hen "fruting for firstlings and taking her tithe").

frute - frog, toad + fluting - playing the flute + rooting.

firstling - the first of its kind to be produced, come into being, or appear, the first product or result of anything + first-fruits - the fruits first gathered in a season, payment in the form of first crops of a season to a superior.

tithe - the tenth part of the annual produce of agriculture, etc., being a due or payment (orig. in kind) for the support of the priesthood, religious establishments, etc.

review - the act of looking over something (again), with a view to correction or improvement + rear view, i.e. two buttocks + {This and the following paragraphs may be a description of a military review in the Phoenix Park, attended by the citizenry of Dublin, including HCE and his family; the military band would then be repsonsible for the musical allusions which abound in these paragraphs}

REVUE DES DEUX MONDES (literally French 'Review of the Two Worlds') - A journal of literature, history, art, and science, published in Paris since 1831 + (ALP's breasts or HCE and ALP side-by-side in bed) + FDV: The best cheapest plan is to tour round east & north & to the review the of two mounds. 

say + see nothing (in FW it's always too dark to see anything clearly).

Himmel (ger) - sky, heaven + pimples + nipples + {spots on skin morph into berg (pyramid) system grid operated by sound}

at six and seven - in disorder, confused

hills + Hugel (ger) - hill + buachaill (Irish) - boy.

colline - a small hill + colleen (Anglo-Irish) = cailin (kolin) (gael) - girl.

aroon (Anglo-Irish) - my dear, beloved + sitting around.

breech - to cover or clothe with, or as with, breeches + Saint Brigid and Saint Patrick - patron saints of Ireland + (shitty breeches chamberpot stench).

swish - a hissing sound + mishe/tauf (motif).

satin - a woman's satin dress

taffeta - a crisp plainwoven fabric

tights - a tight fitting breeches

playing - performing a musical composition (music is played by the military band during a Military Review in the Phoenix Park) + PICTURE

STARFORT - Begun but never completed as an extensive fortified enclosure North-East of site of the later Magazine Fort in Phoenix Park, now between the Magazine Fort and the Zoo, on the initiative of the Duke of Wharton; intended as a refuge in the event of a rebellion in Dublin. It was known to Dubliners as "Wharton's Folly" (a name often mistakenly ascribed to the Magazine Fort, which was built years after Wharton's death) + Wharton, Thomas, Marquis of (1648-1715) - author of "Lilliburlero." When he was viceroy, Dublin Castle, O'Mahony says, became "a glorified tavern and brothel," and in the Phoenix Park was built the Star Fort, locally known as "Wharton's Folly." It is my impression that in I,i, Joyce assumes "Wharton's Folly" to be the Magazine, which erection caused Swift to say: "Where nothing's left that's worth defense..." (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake). 

tea party + Tripartite Life of Saint Patrick - a medieval manuscript describing Saint Patrick's life.

planco (Esperanto) - ground + plank - wooden floor or board (the wooden bandstand in the Phoenix Park?)

micky (Dublin Slang) - penis + Micky and Minny Mouse - in Disney's cartoons.

strake - strike; a strip of land, a beam of light, a thick plank forming a ridge along the side of a wooden ship + 'Move up, Mick, make room for Dick' - a Dublin graffito after Collins' death, 1922, referring to Michael Collins and to Richard Mulcahy, his successor + {priests taking turns in the "coffin" in King's Chamber of the Great Pyramid; also erection of Geb and attempt to reach Nut}  

by order - without delay, immediately

Nicholas Proud - secretary of the Dublin Port and Docks Board in Joyce's time

Berg (ger) - hill + Alf Bergan - law clerk to the subsheriff in City Hall on Cork Hill, Dublin (character in 'Ulysses') + violins (Berg, Alban 1885-1935 - Austrian composer. A pupil of Arnold Schönberg, he applied an atonal manner to classical forms in works such as the opera Wozzeck and Violin Concerto).

Cork Hill - a street in Dublin (City Hall is on Cork Hill)

viola d'amore - a stringed instrument, the tenor of the violin family, having six or seven stopped strings and an equal number of sympathetic strings

ARBOUR HILL - Dublin station, runs North of Marlborough (now Collins) Barracks to Stoneybatter.  

gambol - to leap or spring, in dancing or sporting + viola da gamba - a stringed instrument, the bass of the viol family, with approximately the range of the cello.

SUMMERHILL - Street, and the adjoining district, North-East Dublin, which continues Parnell Street to Ballybough Road at the Royal Canal + Cork Hill, Arbour Hill, Summer Hill, Misery Hill, and Constitution Hill, all in Dublin.

violoncello - a four-stringed musical instrument of the violin family, pitched lower than the viola but higher than the double bass + vermicelli - a type of Italian pasta.

contrabass = double bass - the largest bowed stringed instrument in the modern orchestra.

violone - a 16-foot organ stop yielding stringlike tones similar to those of a cello

crowd = crwth (Welsh) - a Welsh fiddle, continuing the musical foliation in this paragraph + chord.

klavir (Serbian) = Klavier (ger) - piano

harmonica - a mouth organ + harmonic - in music, a tone whose frequency is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. 

Olaf the White - became first Norse king of Dublin, ca 852. According to Giraldus Cambrensis, three brothers, Olaf, Ivor, Sitric, built the cities of Dublin, Limerick, Waterford.

left + Olaf Road, Ivar Street, and Sitric Road near Arbour Hill, Dublin.

scrape along - to manage or 'get along' with difficulty

squeeze out - to reduce to, or bring into, a specified condition by pressure, to drain or exhaust in this way

salve - to heal, remedy; make up, smooth over

rabulous - characterized by coarseness or indecency of language, esp. in jesting and invective; coarsely opprobrious or jocular + Romulus and Remus - twins, suckled by a she-wolf, who began to found Rome together. Romulus killed Remus, founded Rome by himself, and became its first king + Rabelais. 

kipper - a name given to the male salmon (or sea trout) during the spawning season; a smoked herring + Phil the Fluther's Ball (song): "Hopping in the middle, like a herrin' on the griddle-O!"

griddle = gridiron (obs.) - a cooking utensil formed of parallel bars of iron or other metal in a frame, usually supported on short legs, and used for broiling flesh or fish over a fire.

"O" = pyramidion - A pyramidion is the uppermost piece or capstone of an Egyptian pyramid in archaeological parlance. They were called benbenet in the Ancient Egyptian language, which associated the pyramid as a whole with the sacred benben stone. A pyramidion was "covered in gold leaf to reflect the rays of the sun".

dormant - sleeping, lying asleep or as asleep + mont (fr) = Berg (ger) - mountain.

hold hard - to pull hard on the reins in order to stop a horse + from Howth Head (head) to the Magazine Fort in Phoenix Park (feet).

Pie Poudre - a court formerly held at a fair for quick treatment of hawkers, etc. + pied de poudre (French) - foot of dust (i.e. clay feet) + poudre (French) - gunpowder (Magazine Fort in the Phoenix Park).

behove - to have use for or need to, to require + Magazine Wall in Phoenix Park on Thomas Hill, "the finest site in all the district, commanding an unrivalled view of Dublin city, the Liffey valley, and the mountains and country to the southward." This splendid natural stage saw the drama of human futility that caused Swift to write: "Behold a proof of Irish sense, / Here Irish wit is seen, / Where nothing's left that's worth defense, / They build a magazine." Swift was the author of Gulliver's Travels, whose image of Gulliver as a sleeping giant on the Lilliputian shore informs this passage.