wickered - made of wicker (a pliant twig or small rod, usually of willow, esp. as used for making baskets)

kish - a large square wicker basket used in Ireland for carrying peat

hale - to draw or pull along, or from one place to another

turves - pl. of turf

lookit - look at (only in imperative) + looked

blay - the name of a small fish, the bleak; dark, gray, black + Joyce's note: 'blay' Irish Independent 23 Jan 1924, 1/6: 'McGuires Great Sale Offers': 'Unbleached Twill Sheets. 1,500 pairs of Good Blay Sheets for Single Beds. Sale Price Each... 2/3'.

satisfy + Sothis - Egyptian goddess, personified as star Sirius (the "dog star"). In the pyramid text, Sothis is described as having united with the king/Osiris to give birth to the morning star, Venus, and through her association with that netherworld god, she was naturally identified with Isis, who she was eventually synchronized with as Isis-Sothis. The earliest known depictions of Sothis, known from a 1st Dynasty ivory tablet belonging to Djer and unearthed at Abydos, represent the goddess as a reclining cow with a plant-like emblem (perhaps representing the "year") between her horns. Her manifest nature is shown at one point in FW as several of these forms, and the search for the parts of Osiris is suggested simultaneously, as a questing crone runs to "sothisfeige her cowrieosity" + Feige (ger) - fig; vagina + feige (ger) - cowardly.

curiosity + cow - an animal sacred to Isis in Egyptian mythology + cowrie - a type of shell, used in some cultures as a form of currency; also a fertility symbol (the lengthwise opening looks like a vulva).

sawl - soul + shawl - cloak consisting of an oblong piece of cloth used to cover the head and shoulders.

sackful - the quantity that fills a sack + vull - full + Sackvllle, Lionel Cranfield, 1st duke of Dorset - Irish viceroy (1750-54). Sackville (now O'Connell) Street, the principal thoroughfare in Dublin, bore his name. 

swart - dark in colour, black or blackish + smart + svrt gode (Norwegian) - mighty good.

goody - affectedly or unctuously good + (notebook 1923): 'Goodytwoshoes' → Goody Two-Shoes (pantomime based on an anonymous 18th century children's story, attributed to Oliver Goldsmith, about a child who was so pleased to get a pair of shoes that she would hold them up to all comers and exclaim 'Two shoes!').

quicken - to arouse, excite, give new life or energy to + shoon - dial. pl. of shoe + FDV: found herself full rich sackvulle of swalle swart goody shoon quickenshoon and & smalle illigant brogues.

illigant - elegant

brogue - a rude kind of shoe, generally made of untanned hide, worn by the inhabitants of the wilder parts of Ireland and the Scotch Highlands + Finnegan's Wake (song): "He'd a beautiful brogue so rich and sweet" [brogue (Anglo-Irish) - an accent, especially an Irish accent] + ignorant as a kish of brogues (Anglo-Irish phrase) - ignorant as a basket of shoes (literally).

blurry - blurred + blurry works - Finnegans Wake (referring to the Joyce's blurred vision) + FDV: Bluchy works on at Hurdlesford. / [Silent] 

Town of the Ford of the Hurdle = Baile Atha Cliath (Irish) - Dublin (name is referring to the ancient artificial ford of hurdles, i.e. lattice of osiers, by means of which the early inhabitants of the city could cross the Liffey dryshod).

A.D. - Anno Domini + FDV: 566 A.D. O.D. At that time it came to pass that many 2 fair bronzelocked maidens grieved to because their minions minion were was ravished of them by an ogre Europeus Pius.

fall out - to happen, come to pass

brazen - resembling brass in colour + lock - a strand or cluster of hair + chastity belt? + In Greek mythology, an oracle predicted that King Acrisius of Argos would be killed by his grandson. He locked his daughter, princess Dana, in a brazen tower to protect her chastity. Zeus entered the tower in the form of a golden shower and impregnated Dana. She bore a son, the hero Perseus, who indeed later caused Acrisius's death.

damsel - a young unmarried woman + FDV: many 2 fair bronzelocked maidens grieved to because their minions minion were was ravished of them

grieve - to feel grief, to be mentally pained or distressed, to sorrow deeply

sobre las olas (sp) - over (on) the waves + sob.

puppet - darling, pet + Pepette, (French argot for "money"), Pipette (Fr. argot, "pipe"), Popote (Fr. argot, "cooking," "mess hall"), these are associated with "Ppt," which is what Swift called Stella in Journal to Stella. 

minion - darling, favourite, a lover + mouni (gr) - vulva.

ravished - carried away by force; violated; ravaged

ogre - a man-eating monster (usually represented as a hideous giant); a man likened to such a monster in appearance or character

purpose + pia e pura bella - Vico's Latin catch-phrase for holy wars: 'pious and pure wars' + Purpeus (l) - Fire-eye + Purpeous Pius (l) - Fire-eye the Dutiful + FDV: by an ogre Europeus Pius. Europa was abducted by Zeus (Greek mythology).

pious - faithful to religious duties and observances; devout; duteous; epithet used of Aeneas by Vergil; title affected by the emperors from Antoninus (a.d. 86-161) onward; name of 12 popes the first appearing in the year of the Lord (a.d.) + peos (gr) - penis.

BAILE ÁTHA CLIATH (Pronunciation 'blaaklee') - Dublin + FDV: Bloody wars in Dublin Ballyaughacleeaghbally.  

until (Archaic) - unto + FDV: 1132 A.D. D.O. Two sons at one time hour were born to a goodman & his wife hag. There were name Caddy & Primas. Primo Primas was a gentleman & came of sentryman & drilled by decent dacent people. Caddy went to Winehouse & wrote a piece peace of fun farce.

goodman - husband, innkeeper, landlord

hag - an ugly, repulsive old woman: often with implication of viciousness or maliciousness; an evil spirit, dæmon, or infernal being, in female form

ils s'appellent (French) - they are called (literally, "they call themselves") + FDV: There were name Caddy & Primas.

caddy - lad, a military cadet, one who takes odd jobs + cadet - younger son or brother + cad.

primus (l) - the first + prima (ger) - first grade + Primas (ger) - archbishop + Castor and Pollux (or Polydeuces), the twin sons of Leda, are born on the same night. Pollux was believed to be the son of Zeus, who came to Leda in the form of a swan, while Castor was the mortal son of Tyndareos.  

sentry - an armed soldier posted at a specified point to keep guard and to prevent the passing of an unauthorized person + country man - one who lives in the country or rural parts and follows a rural occupation + 'Saint Patrick was a gentleman and came of decent people' (nursery rhyme) + FDV: Primo Primas was a gentleman & came of sentryman & drilled by decent dacent people.

winehouse - wineshop; tavern (Archaic)

farce - a dramatic work (usually short) which has for its sole object to excite laughter + FDV: Caddy went to Winehouse & wrote a piece peace of fun farce.

blotty - dauby + Rocky Road to Dublin - the road of the well-known ballad may preserve a memory of the ancient Slighe Cualan, which reached the ford of the hurdles from Tara by something like the route of Stoneybatter. The road of the ballad is from Tuam to Dublin via Mullingar + FDV: Blooty worse words in Ballyaughacleeagh in Ballyaughacleeaghbally. Blooty words for Dublin. 

parent - apparent

ginn - gin + GINNUNGA GAP - In Norse myth, the eternal region of chaos between Niflheim, North region of mist and cold, and Muspelheim, South region of heat. Localized as the North Atlantic between Greenland and Labrador.  

gap - copyist hurries away (notebook 1924) Sullivan: The Book of Kells 11: 'the larger figure was a later addition in order to fill a space left vacant when the original artist had touched the Manuscript for the last time... we can almost see from the illumination itself the very place where he was hurried from his work'.

antediluvian - concerning or referring to the period before the Flood + Gap is between destruction of Atlantis and Christia era, and between the end of FW and its beginning. The last word in FW, 'the', is a door (a few lines below someone is banging the door 'banged pan the bliddy duran') → "This is a Secret Story by some of Us written shortly before the Destruction of the last Kingdom of Atlantis. Understand now why this Chapter was written. When we landed on that primitive Planet still glowing and under domain of Fire, we built Our Sanctuary at the top of the Mount which we cooled. Hither came Great Waters and Mount became Island and Island became Continent. That happened even before the first Speck of Life was born on that Planet. Then Gods knew that Judgment was not yet completely executed so we proceeded with the work which had to be done. First Civilization which We founded was Hyperborea. We knew that Our Race had to be completely Destroyed so that Eons after it should Rise Again towards New even more Brilliant Highness." (Frank G. Ripel: Shautenerom: Book of the Law of Death)

Anno Domini - in the year of the Christian era + Anna dominant (ALP's final speech in FW).

copyist - one who copies or imitates; esp. one whose occupation is to transcribe documents

scroll - a roll of paper or parchment, usually one with writing upon it + Sullivan: The Book of Kells 4: 'The last few leaves of the Manuscript... have been missing for many years').

billy - male goat; a policeman's truncheon + bill - a statement of money owed for goods or services (one of commercial terms in this passage; others are 'charged him', 'in sum', 'fined', 'covered', 'middlemen', 'drawers', 'safe').

elk - the largest existing animal of the deer kind. Irish Elk was one of the largest deer that ever lived. Its range extended across Eurasia, from Ireland to east of Lake Baikal, during the Late Pleistocene. The latest known remains of the species have been carbon dated to about 7,700 years ago. Large numbers of skeleton have been found in Irish bogs. A significant collection of Irish Elk skeletons can be found at the Natural History Museum in Dublin (other species of hoofed ruminants in this passage: Pricket, Eland, Dik Dik, Hind, many of which can also be seen in the National History Museum).

satrap - a subordinate ruler; often suggesting an imputation of tyranny or ostentatious splendour + sultry - burning hot, extremely and unpleasantly hot + sultan - the sovereign of a Muslim country.

wright - a constructive workman + (notebook 1924): 'Worldwright' Jespersen: The Growth and Structure of the English Language 164 (sec. 162): 'Old English had various methods of forming nouns to denote agents... from... wyrhta 'wright' (in wheelwright, etc.)' + worldwright - the creator of the world, the Demiurge.

excelsus (l) - high + excelsissimus (l) - very highest.

empyrean - heaven, the highest heaven, the ultimate heavenly paradise + (notebook 1924): 'empyrean = ciel tout court'.

bolt - thunderbolt, a lightning stroke + "Now comprehend how in Darkness was wrought disorder. There were high Flames which soared until the highest Heaven and mighty Rains that devastated Depths of Abyss. Then there were a Lightning wrapped in blue which closed the Door. This was the Beginning; This is the End. Everything was said and nothing was Revealed." (Frank G. Ripel: Shautenerom: Book of the Law of Death)


Dannyman - sinister hunchback, informer in The Colleen Bawn; (hence, 'informer') + Dana or Danu - Irish goddess of death and fertility, great mother of all the gods of the Tuatha D Danaan (i.e., "People of Dana"). 

gallous = gallows + gallus (l) - cock + callous.

pan - face, cranium + upon

dren (Danish) - the door + duren (Ruthenian - Ukrainian) - fool, idiot + Biddy Doran + Blotty words for Dublin.

suicide + scribe - a scrap of writing + (scribe-slayer) + {Not Shem (who diddles even death) but Hosty (Huck Finn, one of HCE's 'versions'), who created the ballad, and destroyed HCE, thus commiting suicide}

led off - taken away (to the scaffold to be hanged) + led (Serbian) - ice (Ice age? Last glacial period of the Quaternary having ended approximately 10,000 years ago with the start of the Holocene epoch).

fine - a sum paid for exemption from punishment + Joyce's note: 'I. Scand in moyenage killing = fine 4/6 / Eng 19th Cent steal 4/6 = death' Gwynn: The History of Ireland 25: 'the law which laid down that killing should be atoned for by a fine, legally fixed - as was the usage in Ireland so long as the native law lasted... It was followed through all Scandinavia throughout the Middle Ages, and although it has been described as barbarous, it is less so than the excessive use of capital punishment characteristic of English law, under which even in the nineteenth century pocket-picking or sheep-stealing was punishable with death'.

mark - 160 pence (value of mark weight in pure silver) + mark weight - 8 ounces + Mark - current and former coin of several countries.

ninepins - a game in which nine 'pins' are set up to be knocked down by a ball or bowl thrown at them, the pins with which this game is played + ninepence.

metalman - a man made of metal + (notebook 1924): 'metal men' (faces on coins).

dross - impurity, rubbish, refuse + (notebook 1923): 'dross' → O. Henry: The Four Million 106: 'An Adjustment of Nature': 'And then Milly loomed up with a thousand dishes on her bare arm... And the Klondiker threw down his pelts and nuggets as dross, and let his jaw fall half-way, and stared at her' + (for killing the copyist).

now and again - from time to time, occasionally

upshoot - outcome, final result

cynosure - something that attracts attention by its brilliancy or beauty + sinecure - (from Latin sine = "without" and cura = "care") an office that requires or involves little or no responsibility, labour, or active service + gyne - the fertile female in a colony of social insects + gyn (gr) - woman.

scaffold - an elevated platform on which a criminal is executed + bring or send to the scaffold  - 'to be executed'.

covertly - in a concealed manner; secretly, privately

meddlement - meddling, interference

drawers - an undergarment for the lower part of the body

wife + (notebook 1924): 'Liam O'Flaherty Thy Neighbour's Wife' → Liam O'Flaherty: Thy Neighbour's Wife (his first novel, published in 1923) + Exodus 20:17: 'thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife' (9th Commandment, according to Roman Catholic tradition) + Joyce's note, Eumeus: 'gets playing with other fellow's wife / devil to pay'.

farfetched - improbable, not natural, from remote time or place

peregrine - roving, alien (adj.)

indignant + Annals of the Four Masters were compiled between 1632 and 1636 in the Franciscan monastery in Donegal Town and along the banks of the river Drowes. The chief compiler of the annals was Mchel Clirigh, and he was assisted by, among others, Peregrine O'Clery, Fergus O'Mulconry and Peregrine O'Duignan.

clere - clear

ear = eye of dark (notebook 1924) Crawford: Thinking Black 251: 'For the hundreds of night sounds - rustlings, twitterings, raspings, tinglings, and roarings - are all known to even Africa's tot, the ears being called his "eyes of darkness".'

liberflavus (notebook 1924) Studies, An Irish Quarterly Review, vol. 13, no. 50, 189: Comments on the Foregoing Article (Paul Walsh): 'Augustine Magraidin, canon of Saints' Island in Lough Ree, who died in 1405, translated a Life of St. John the Evangelist; it lies unpublished in the Liber Flavus Fergusiorum'.

lividus (l) - bluish + Liber Lividus (l) - Blue Book [Ulysses, which was first published with a blue dustjacket (the colour of the Greek flag) and was regarded as a "blue book" (i.e. an obscene or pornographic book); also, 'bluest book' on the previous page]

toh! (it) - look!

paisible - peaceable + FDV: Yet how Peaceably eirinical in grayquiet all dimmering downs dunes & gloamering glades, selfstretches afore us this freedland's plain.  

eirenical - peaceful, harmonical + possibly ironical.

dimmer - to appear dimly, faintly, or indistinctly

dune - an ancient hill fortress in Ireland; a mound of drifted sand

gloam - to darken, to become dark + glimmering.

glade - a clear open space or passage in a wood or forest

frede - to be sensible of, feel + Fried- (ger) - peace + fred (Norwegian) - peace + faedreland (Danish) - Fatherland [Ireland, whose five fifths (the five provinces of the early Christian period) are enumerated in the following five phrases] + Friedland - Commune in East Prussia. Napoleon defeated Russians under General Bennigsem, 14 June 1807.

lean - not plump or fat, thin + (season of winter).

neath - beneath

stone pine - a pine with wide-spreading glat topped head + pine (French Slang) - penis + Shem and Shaun are identified with stem and stone.

pastor - a herdsman or shepherd (now unusual) + pastor (l) - a herdsman + St Patrick, buried in Ulster (hence this phrase refers to the province of Ulster).

crook - a shepard's staff (with a curve)

pricket - a buck in his second year + prick (Slang) - penis + (Issy and her reflection).

pricket's sister - female fallow deer in second year + A herd of fallow deer is kept in Dublin's Phoenix Park, hence this phrase refers to the second province Leinster; other species of hoofed ruminants in this passage: 'Dik', 'Eland', 'Elk', 'Hind'.

nibble - to bite away little by little

viridity - a quality or state of being green, greenness (i.e. green vegetation) + virility + (season of spring).

amid + a maid + May (season of summer).

herbtrinity - plant with violet flowers

sham - to be or to produce a deceptive imitation of, to feign

lowliness - meekness, humility + loveliness - the quality of being lovely, exquisite beauty.

(opposite of evergreen) + This phrase represents the season of autumn as well as the province of Connacht, which is the wettest and greyest of Irelands five fifths.

donkey's years - a very long time + (notebook 1924): 'donkeys years since' Leader 15 Mar 1924, 134/1: 'As Others See Us': 'S' donkey's years since I've had a yap with you old man' + Ass or Donkey who always accompanies the Four Old Men here represents the fifth province of Ireland (i.e. the no longer recognised royal province which included Tara within its boundary).

FDV: Since the high old times of Hebear and Hairyman the tulipair tulips twolips amass themselves at Rush the cornflowers have been staying at Ballymun, the dogrose duskrose has chosen choosed out Goatstown crossroads, twolips have pressed togatherthem by sweet Rush, the place for townland of twilights twinlights, and the whitethorn and redthorn have fairygayed the valleys mayvalleys of Knockmaroon and though, for rings round them during a hundred thousand yeargangs, the Formoreans have brittled the Tooath of the Danes and the Oxmen Oxman have has been pestered by the Firebugs & the Joynts have given thrown up wallmaking & Little on the Green is childsfather of the city, their these paxsealing buttonholes have quadruled across the centuries and here now whiff to us fresh & made-of-all-smiles as on the day of combat Killallwhoo.

bout - a round at fighting; a contest, match, trial of strength + bout (French Slang) - penis.

Heber - legendary leader of the Milesian invaders of Ireland, the brother of Heremon (both are regarded as progenitors of the Irish race)

bare/hairy + Genesis 27:11: 'Esau my brother is a hairy man' Esau is the first son of Isaac and Rebekah in the biblical Book of Genesis, and his lifelong rivalry with his twin brother Jacob is archetypal of war between brothers.

cornflower - plant with blue, pink or white rays

BALLYMUN - Village, North Dublin suburb on road to Naul