cache-cache (fr) - hide and seek

novo (l) - new

Dublin + Nil (French, Serbian) - Nile (i.e. source of) + James Joyce: Letters II.192: letter 13/11/06 to Stanislaus Joyce: (of Joyce's Dubliners 'Clay') 'The meaning of Dublin by Lamplight Laundry? That is the name of the laundry at Ballsbridge, of which the story treats. It is run by a society of Protestant spinsters, widows, and childless women - I expect - as a Magdalen's home. The phrase Dublin by Lamplight means that Dublin by lamplight is a wicked place full of wicked and lost women whom a kindly committee gathers together for the good work of washing my dirty shirts. I like the phrase because 'it is a gentle way of putting it'' (Maria works there).

lamplight - the light afforded by a lamp or lamps + swamp - bog, marsh + FDV: to play catch clash cash cash in old nilbud new by swamplight nor a'toole a'tall a'tall and noddy hint to the convaynience.

tall - account; shape, fashion + Reduplication is an alleged trait of Hiberno-English strongly associated with stage-Irish (to be sure, to be sure). It is virtually never used in reality: 'ar bith' corresponds to English "at all", so the stronger 'ar chor ar bith' gives rise to the form "at all at all" ("I've no money at all at all"). House by the Churchyard: "'That poor fellow got no chance for his life at all, at all!' said Tim."

→ Reduplication is an alleged trait of Hiberno-English strongly associated with stage-Irish and Hollywood films (to be sure, to be sure). It is virtually never used in reality: ar bith corresponds to English "at all", so the stronger ar chor ar bith gives rise to the form "at all at all" ("I've no money at all at all.")

toll - a definite payment exacted by a king, ruler, or lord, or by the state or the local authority, by virtue of sovereignty or lordship, or in return for protection + (bells ringing).

noddy - foolish, silly; drowsy, sleepy + nod - to make a quick inclination of the head, esp. in salutation, assent, or command + not a hint + a nod's as good as a wink to a blind horse (proverb).

convaynience (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) = convenience - the state of being able to proceed with something with little effort or difficulty + conveyance.

dig in - to work hard, to penetrate

dig out - to take out by excavation, to excavate + day in and day out - every day for an indefinite number of successive days.

tilth - cultivation of the soil + by the skin of one's teeth - with a very little time, space, etc. left over.

crew - the men who man a ship + sweat of one's brow - hard work, violent or strenuous exertion; labour, toil + Genesis 3:19: 'In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread'. 

auspice - any divine or prophetic token; esp. indication of a happy future; prosperous lead, patronage, favouring direction + The Irish Sisters of Charity opened a hospital for 'incurables' in Cork in 1870 and a hospice for the dying in Dublin in 1879.

urn - to enclose in or as if in an urn, entomb + earned

dread - extreme fear; deep awe or reverence + bread + SDV: He sweated his crowd crew in beneath the auspice for the living and he urned his dead and he made louse for us & delivered us to boll weevils amain and begad he did in his windower's house till his with a blush mantle upon him from earsend to earsend. 

volant - having the wings extended as if in flight, flying + dragon-volant - the old name for a gun of large calibre used in the French navy (literally 'flying dragon').

louse - a parasitic insect, infesting the human hair and skin and causing great irritation by its presence + love + laws + Lucifer.  

boll weevil - a beetle measuring an average length of six millimeters, which feeds on cotton buds and flowers. Thought to be native to Central America, it migrated into the United States from Mexico in the late 19th century and had infested all U.S. cotton-growing areas by the 1920s, devastating the industry and the people working in the American south. During the late 20th century it became a serious pest in South America as well + Lord's Prayer: 'and deliver us from evil' + all evils.

amain - with all one's might, at full speed, suddenly + amen.

Humphrey Chimpden Earwicker

begad - a mild oath + Finnegan’s Wake (song): 'Bedad he revives, see how he rises'.

worshipful - distinguished, worshipable, entitled to honour

blue mantle - the dress and the title of one of the four pursuivants of the English college of arms + blush - a rosy colour or glow + SDV: blush mantle

earth's end + from year's end to year's end + blushing from ear to ear (phrase).

grassie - red backed parrot + TDV: And would again could whispning grassies wake him.

fiery - burning, blazing

dismember - to divide into parts or sections

sooth - truth

whine - a low somewhat shrill protracted cry, usually expressive of pain or distress + wine

bedding - a supply of bed-clothes for one bed

whoop - a cry of 'whoop!', or a shout or call resembling this; spec. as used in hunting, esp. at the death of the game

deading - deadening (to become dead, to die) + deading is a = dead in Giza + Henrik Ibsen: When We Dead Awaken.

usquebaugh - whiskey (literally 'water of life') + usque ad mortem (l) - even unto death.

anam (Irish) - soul + TDV: Anam a dhoul! did Did ye drink me dead?  

muck - the dung of cattle + muc (Irish) - pig + Anam muic an diabhail (onum mwik un d'oul) (gael) - Soul of the devil's pig.

dhoul - Irish "devil" + thanam o'n dhoul (Anglo-Irish) - your souls to the devil! (from Irish t'anam o'n diabhl).

deoch an dorais (Irish) - parting drink (literally 'drink of the door') + Finnegan's Wake (song): 'Then Micky Maloney raised his head / When a noggin of whiskey flew at him, / It missed and falling on the bed, / The liquor scattered over Tim; / Bedad he revives, see how he rises / And Timothy rising from the bed, / Says "Whirl your liquor round like blazes, / Thanam o'n dhoul, do ye think I'm dead?"' (originally, Poole: Tim Finigan's Wake (song): 'Mickey Mulvaney raised his head, / When a gallon of whiskey flew at him; / It missed him, and, hopping on the bed, / The liquor scattered over Tim! / Bedad, he revives! see how he raises! / And Timothy, jumping from the bed, / Cries, while he lathered around like blazes, / "Bad luck till yer sowls! d'ye think I'm dead?"').

doornail - a large headed nail for nailing doors + dead as a doornail - completely dead + This is as close as dreamer, Tim (Atum) Finnegan, will get to his wake. Best chance is already missed, though, at the end of the book - door which conspirators try to conceal awkwardly connecting last with the first [sentence of FW], and preventing the dreamer's wake (may his forehead be darkened with mud who would sunder!) (SS)

TDV (third draft version): Now be aisy, good Mr Finnimore, sir! And take your laysure and don't be walking abroad, sir. Sure, you'd only lose yourself the way the roads are [that] winding now and wet your feet, maybe. You're better off, sir, where you have all you want and we'll be bringing you presents, won't we? Honey is the holiest thing ever was [(mind you keep pot!)] or some goat's milk, sir? The menhere's always talking of you. The grand old Gunne, they do be saying, that was a planter for you! He's duddandgunne now but peace to his great limbs with the long rest of him!

aisy (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - easy

Fionn Mor (fin mor) (gael) - Great Fionn ("Fair")

laysure (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) = leisure - time which one can spend as one pleases, free or unoccupied time.

abroad - out of one's house or abode out in the open air, out of the home country; in or into foreign lands

Heliopolis - Greek name of Annu "(Place of) Pillars", anciet city in lower Egypt, occupied since the Predynastic Period, with extensive building campaigns during the Old and Middle Kingdoms. Today it is mostly destroyed; its temples and other buildings were used for the construction of medieval Cairo. Beneath a maze of busy narrow streets of a middle and lower-class district, lie vast hidden remains of ancient Heliopolis about fifteen to twenty metres down. Atum was worshipped in the site's primary temple, which was known by the names Per-Aat, "Great House" and Per-Atum, "the House of Atum". Another temple in Heliopolis was the "Mansion of the Benben", also known as the "Mansion of the Phoenix", which is believed to have been a sacred precinct in which in the middle of an open courtyard, stood a stone pillar, on top of which sat the "benben stone". It was seen as the solidified seed of Atum, the Stone of Creation, a magical stone, and some have concluded that it was of meteoric origin, "shining" in the sky, but when fallen on earth, black. Giza and Heliopolis were connected by the "Sacred Roads of the Gods". Heliopolis is 22.4 kilometres from Great Pyramid. 

Kapilavastu (Sanskrit) - the birthplace of Siddhartha Gautama, later Shakyamuni Buddha; located in what is now Nepal + capall a mhaistir (Irish) - his master's horse.

Calvary or Golgotha - the proper name (the Bible glosses it as "place of the skull") of the place where Christ was crucified

umbrian - rel. to Ital. province Umbria + umbra (l) - shadow + Northumberland Road, Dublin + Northumbrian - referring to Northumbria, one of the ancient kingdoms of the Angles.

PHIBSBOROUGH (PHIBSBORO) - District and Road, North Dublin.

WATLING STREET in Dublin lies on the East side of Guinness's Brewery, between Thomas Street and Barrack Bridge. It is Luke Tarpey's residence + sráid (Irish) - street

BOHERMORE - The name is from Bothar Mor, Ir. "Great Road." There were 5 "great roads" built in Ireland in the 2nd century, but none was uniquely called the Bothar Mor. 

foggy - misty; marshy, boggy + The Foggy Dew (song).

bankrupt - one hopelessly in debt; one who has lost all his means, and is without resources + Buddha met an old man, a sick man, and a corpse outside his palace and thus learned of age, sickness, and death.

Cotterick = Cothraige - this was the Old Irish form of Patrick, folk-etymologized into mog cethrair or "servant of four masters" (*X*) + "Old Cotter, puffing away on his pipe (a detail repeated four times in little more than a page of text), spitting "rudely into the grate," and fixing the boy with "his little beady black eyes," talks appropriately of "faints and worms". In an interesting bit of wordplay, Old Cotter becomes the "old cutter" responsible for having Osiris hacked to pieces... "The Sisters" of Joyce's story, Nannie and Eliza [reenacting the roles of Isis and Nephthys], do not carry water in cracked jugs from the Nile (nor from the Liffey for that matter), but they do carry associations of libations and lamentation. As Eliza discusses the "beautiful corpse" of their deceased brother [Osiris], Nannie presses sherry and cream crackers on the guest mourners in a ritualistic presentation." (Susan Swartzlander: James Joyce's "The Sisters")

clakety clank - sharp successive often metalic and ringing noises + Kantaka - Buddha's horse + Katachanka - Mohammed's horse.   

impure - unclean

mean - poor in quality, inferior; to complain, to lament for (a dead person) + "(the babes that mean too)" [FW 308.25]

Nugent, Gerald (16th century Gaelic poet): Ode Written on Leaving Ireland: 'From thee, sweet Delvin, must I part; / Oh! hard the task - oh! lot severe, / To flee from all my soul holds dear' (Drummond's translation from Cabinet of Irish Literature, 1897, p.8; Delvin is a barony in County Westmeath).

tanglesome - tangled, confused

lush - full of juice (said of vegetation)

enfranchisable - that admits of being enfranchised [to make (lands) freehold under feudal law] + infranchissable (French) - impassable + en franchise (fr) - duty free.

better off - in better circumstances 

primesign - to mark (a person) with the sign of the cross before baptism, to make a catechumen; in the 10th Century, prime-signing meant marking men with the sign of the cross, permitting their association with both Vikings and Christians + The Irish and Welsh custom of the "wake" is little known but was still practiced at the end of the last century. In Wales, the coffin was placed open, standing at the place of honor of the house. The dead man would be dressed in his finest suit and top hat. His family would invite all of his friends, who honoured the departed all the more the longer they danced and the deeper they drank to his health. It is the death of an other, but in such instances, the death of the other is always the image of one’s own death.

blood eagle - a method of Viking ritual execution, in which the ribs are opened, and the lungs pulled out and arranged to resemble wings 

Osiris buried sycomore grove (notebook 1930) → Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 16: 'By some means or other Set did contrive to kill Osiris... Isis, accompanied by her sister Nephthys... rescued the body of her lord... They then laid the body in a tomb, and a sycamore tree grew round it and flourished over the grave' + There is an account of how Khufu mentions that an old sycamore tree that grew near the Sphinx was damaged "when the Lord of Heaven descended upon the Place of Hor-em-Akhet", the latter translated as "the place of the Falcon God (Horus) of the Horizon", identified with the Sphinx. This tree was linked to Atum and in Heliopolis there was a chapel to "Atum of the sycamore tree".

keld - spring, fountain + cold

TORY ISLAND - Island, 7 miles off North coast of County Donegal; ancient haunt of pirates, esp. "Balor of the Baleful Eye," who had one eye whose glance could kill. The island was noted for its various clays, used for heat-resistant pottery. There are no rats on Tory Island; they were driven out by St Columcille. Mainlanders still use earth from the island against infestation of rats.

varmint - animals obnoxious to a man (lice, mice, owls, etc.)

pouch - a bag, sack, or receptacle of small or moderate size, used for various purposes, esp. for carrying small articles; a small bag in which money is carried, a purse

bricket - a smal brick (a brick shaped block of any substance e.g. of tea) + briquet (fr) - lighter; short sword.

kerchief - handkerchief

pyre - a funeral pile for burning a dead body

Lonan - a chieftain converted by Saint Patrick + Homer & Brian (baroque) Boru & Napoleon.

Nebuchadrezzar - the second and greatest king of the Chaldean dynasty of Babylonia (reigned c. 605-c. 561 BC). He was known for his military might, the splendour of his capital, Babylon, and his important part in Jewish history + Groves of Blarney (song): 'But were I Homer, or Nebuchadnezzar'.

Guinness + Genghis Khan.

ombre - shaded + ombre (it) - shadows, ghosts + Ombre, English corruption of the Spanish word Hombre, arising from the muting of the H in Spanish, is a fast-moving seventeenth-century trick-taking card game with an illustrious history which began in Spain around the end of the 16th Century as a four person game. It is one of the earliest card games known in Europe and by far the most classic game of its type, directly ancestral to Euchre, Boston and Solo Whist. As with most games, Hombre acquired many variations of increasing complexity over the years, being its popularity eclipsed by the second quarter of the 18th century by a new four player French variant called Quadrille, later displaced by the English Whist. Other lines of descent and hybridization produced games like Preference, Mediator and Twenty-five. Ombre is a three-handed game, and l'Hombre, or the man, refers to the single player who plays against his two opponents.

rake - to level or smooth with a rake ("rake gravel")