blight - decay, disease + blight-black - i.e. as black as a potato infected with potato blight, which caused the repeated failure of the potato crop during the Great Famine + night black

stack - a large pile of hay, grain, straw, or the like, usually of a nearly conical form, but sometimes rectangular or oblong, contracted at the top to a point or ridge, and sometimes covered with thatch.+ walking-stick.

twelve penny - 1 shilling + The Twelve Pins - group of mountains, Joyces' Country, Co. Galway.

omnibus - a four-wheeled public vehicle for carrying passengers, with the inside seats extending along the sides, and the entrance at the rear, and with or without seats on the roof + nubi basse (Italian) - low clouds.

sleigh - to travel or ride in a sleigh + sliding

seventy-first (a street in New York)

Derry = Londonderry - borough in northern Ireland + dirigibles - airships, balloons.

snoop - to go around in a sly or a prying manner + stopping

Tom the Tailor - Peeping Tom, the tailor who supposedly peeped at Lady Godiva as she rode naked through Coventry

strumpet - a whore + Horace: Odes III.29.12 (l) - 'Fumum et opes strepitumque Romae' (Latin 'The smoke and the grandeur and the noise of Rome').

ville - a town or village + A slang term for London is "Romeville".

indigenous - native + Sick and Indigent Roomkeepers' Society - a charitable society founded in 1790 to assist destitute Dubliners.

Turm (ger) - tower + (notebook 1924): 'durum & durum non faciunt murum' durum et durum non faciunt murum (l) - stern measures do not build a protective wall (literally 'hard and hard do not make a wall').

uproar - a serious tumult, commotion, or outbreak of disorder among the people or a body of persons; loud outcry or vociferation + roor - roar (obs.) + Aufruhr (ger) - commotion, revolt.

Aufruf (ger) - summons, appeal + roofs.

reef - one of the horizontal portions of a sail which may be successively rolled or folded up in order to diminish the extent of canvas exposed to the wind + Ring-a-ring o'roses (children's game): 'One for me, and one for you, and one for little Moses'.

butt - stump, tail end + BUTT BRIDGE - Aka Swivel Bridge. The last (and East-most) bridge as the Liffey flows except for the Loop Line Railway bridge. Erected 1879; named for the 19th-century politician Isaac Butt + but

suit - agree with, adapt

tony - fool, simpleton; fashionable, stylish + Suetonius - historian and biographer of twelve Caesars + {but tony sits under the bridge (i.e. is homeless)}

wan - sickly pale + one morning.

Phil the Fluter's Ball - Percy French song REFERENCE + Philip, Phil, Pip - the name means "horse lover".

tippling - the drinking of intoxicating drink, habitual indulgence in liquor + Finnegan's Wake 2 (song): 'One morning Tim was rather full, / His head felt heavy which made him shake, / He fell from the ladder and broke his skull, / So they carried him home his corpse to wake'.

howd - a lurching rocking movement + hoved (Danish) - head + FDV: His howth howd filled heavy, his hodd hoddit did shake. There was a wall in course of erection.

hodet (Norwegian) - the head

stotter - to stumble, stagger + FDV: He fell stottered from the latter. Damb!  

latter - last mentioned (i.e. the wall which was in the course of erection) + ladder + {ALP's letter}

damb - damn

dud - any useless or ineffective person; a bomb that fails to go off; a dishonoured cheque + FDV: He was dead dudd. Dump Dumb! For all the world to see.  

dumb - silent, voiceless + dump (the kitchen midden, or rubbish tip, in HCE's backyard).

mastaba - an Egyptian tomb + toom - empty + masturbation + (notebook 1924): '(mastaba)' Perry: The Origin of Magic and Religion 34: 'the tombs used in the first dynasties by the royal family... were called mastabas' + Atum - the first god, having created himself, sitting on a mound (benben), or identified with the mound itself + (an onomatopoeic word representing the sound of Tim Finnegan's fall) + {Finnegan tumbles from the ladder through time and space into an ancient Egyptian mastaba-tomb}

mon - man + Amen or Ammon or Ammun, etc. ("the hidden one") - according to Budge, he began as chief god of Thebes, was later identified with Ra, later assumed all the attributes of the old gods of Egypt.

lute - a stringed instrument formerly much in use + 'Needles and pins, blankets and shins, when a man is married his sorrow begins' (song). 

all along - all through the course of  

shiz or šiz (Serbian) - craze + schizō (Greek) - I split, I cleave, I separate → Issy's split personality; Adaline Glasheen recognizes Issy in "Shize? I should shee"; presumably the following remark (spoken by Biddy O'Brien in the ballad Finnegan's Wake) is to be attributed to Issy.

shee - she + shee (Anglo-Irish) - fairy + sidhe (shi) (gael) - tomb, tumulus + shee (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - see + FDV: Size! I should say!

Finn MacCumhaill (MacCool) - legendary Irish king + FDV: MacCool, Macool, macool, why did ye die!

orra - odd; idle, worthless + arrah (Anglo-Irish) - but, now, really.

why did you die? - how do you do? + Finnegan's Wake (song): "Arrah, Tim avourneen, why did you die?" + "ii" usually denotes Issy (her 'eyes').

of (Dublin Colloquial) - on (when referring to days of the week)

trying - difficult, annoying

sighed + did sigh.

Miss Hooligan's Christmas Cake (song) - a 19th Century broadside ballad from Scotland REFERENCE + Finnegan's Wake (song) + FDV: Sore They sighed at Finn Funnigan's wake chrismiss chrissormiss cake wake.

hooligan - a cruel and brutal fellow + holy ones + "The Twelve" are called Sullivans (night hours) and Doyles (day hours) and they are simply numerals on fob-watch (559.15, 'ticker') beside HCE's bed. Burial chamber of the tomb of Pharaoh Tuthmosis III (ca. 1426 BCE), has on the walls Amduat - The Book of The Hidden Chamber or the Twelve Hours of the Night. By placing these texts near their sarcophagus, ancient Egyptian kings identified Re's night-boat with their own death & forthcoming renewal. The text told them how to rise on the "barque of millions of years", rejuvenated just before dawn. The Books of the Underworld are a "strip-like" literary genre, telling the story of the regeneration of the subtle bodies and the illumination of consciousness. The Amduat depicts the healthy, completed ante-rational mind, open and aware of the interdependence between all complementarities and enjoying a "closure" in terms of a practical iconography of regeneration. 

prostrate - to lay flat on the ground

consternation - dismay, shock

duodecimal - rel. to twelfth parts or to the number twelve; proceeding by twelves (examples include the hours on a clock, the signs of the zodiac, the months of the calendar, the inches in a foot, the pitches in the Western musical scale, the word "dozen", etc; the duodecimal system was common in ancient societies due to its divisibility by 2, 3, 4, and 6) + dismally - gloomily, dolorously (etymology of the word "dismal" = "dies mali" = "evil or unlucky days," two days of each month determined to be bad by methods supposedly deriving from ancient Egyptian astrology; this meaning held sway for hundreds of years before the word acquired its modern sense).

profusive - lavish (adj.)

plethora - overabundance

ululate - to utter a howl or wail

plumb - the weight attached to a mason's plumb-line, to secure its perpendicularit + plumber - a workman who installs and repairs piping and fittings to do with water supply, sanitation, and drainage.

grume = groom - a man servant + FDV: There was plumbs and grooms grumes and sheriffs and zitherers citherers & raiders and cittamen too.

sherif - a high officer

cither - An anglicized form of cithara, applied to the ancient instrument, as well as its later modifications + zitherer - player of the zither, a stringed instrument consisting of a wooden frame and flat soundbox with 29-42 strings, placed on a table or on the knees. 

raider - one who raids, a marauder (tomb raiders?) + writers.

cinema men + "There was plums and prunes and cherries/ And citron and raisins and cinnamon too" (song Miss Hooligan's Christmas Cake) + The Ancient Egyptian offering formula, generally referred to as the htp-dỉ-nsw, was written in ancient Egypt as an offering for the deceased: "...that he may give a voice-offering of bread, beer, oxen, birds, alabaster, clothing, and every good and pure thing upon which a god lives..." 

utmost - that is of the greatest or highest degree, extreme + Phil the Fluther's Ball (song): "Then all joined in wid the utmost joviality".

joviality - hearty mirth, humour, or good-fellowship; jollity + show - an appearance which makes a strong impression on the beholder + FDV: And they all chimed in with the shoutmost shoviality. 'Twas he was the dacent gaylabouring youth!

agog - eager, enthusiastic + gogmagog - a giant, a man of immense stature and strength + Gog and Magog - represent the nations that are deceived by Satan (Revelations, 20). In legends of Alexander, Gog and Magog are enemies he sealed behind a great wall in the Caucasus. In The Faerie Queene, Gogmagog is the chief giant of Albion. In British legend, Gog and Magog are sole survivors of a race of giants, the offspring of demons and the 33 infamous daughters of the Emperor Diocletian, who murdered their husbands; they were taken as prisoners to London by Brute (the legendary ancestor ofthe Britons), where they were made to do duty as porters at the royal palace.

round ("O") - the siglum Joyce used in his notes for The Twelve + round of drinks.

grog - an alcoholic beverage made with water and rum + groggy - drunk, dazed. 

han (Danish) - he + hun (Danish) - she + hanandhun = "he and she" + Han and Huns - the Chinese Han Dynasty and their enemies the Huns.

continuation & celebration & extermination - Latinisms, associated with The Twelve (O)

kinkin - a small barrel, a keg + cinn (kin) (gael) - heads wail, lament + (stuttering).

chorus + Kincora - birthplace and royal seat of Brian Ború, High King of Ireland.

can-can - a high-kicking French dance

keen - to utter the keen, or Irish lamentation for the dead; to wail or lament bitterly

bell - to bellow, roar, make a loud noise

Brian O'Linn - Irish ballad hero, first to wear clothes, a man who always sees the bright side of a difficult situation + Priam - last king of Troy + Priomh Ollamh (priv uluv) (gael) - Chief Poet (highest rank in ancient Irish bardic system) + olim (l) - once + {one of four comments by *X*}

dacent - decent

day labor - labor done or paid for by the day + gay - given to social entainment, pleasure-loving + Barnaby Finegan (song): 'I'm a decent gay laboring youth' (a similar version entitled song Mr. Finagan has: 'I'm a dacent laboring youth').

sharpen - grind to sharpness + FDV: His A scone as for his pillow Sharphen his pillowscone tap up his bier.

pillar stone - a pillar shaped monument or memorila stone + scone - a large round cake; the head (Austral. slang.) + Scone - a place in Scotland. The Stone of Scone was supposedly the Lia Fáil, or Stone of Destiny, a monolith taken from Tara which roared its approbation when the true High King of Ireland was crowned.

tap - a peg or stopper on a cask

bier - the movable stand on which a corpse, whether in coffin or not, is placed before burial + Bier (German= bier (Dutch) - beer + top up his beer - fill his glass of beer up to the top.

whorl - spiral, convolution + where in this world? + FDV: Arrah where in this world would you hear such a din again?

sich = such

din - commotion, clamor, hubbub + such a thing + Barnaby Finegan (song): 'I married but once in my life, / But I'll never commit such a sin again'.

brow - [= the second element in highbrow, low-brow, etc.] colloq. Level of intellectual attainment or interest + de profundis (l) - "from the depths": Opening of Ps. 130, traditionally said at wakes + Oscar Wilde: De Profundis - a long letter or apology written by the Irish writer while he was in jail.

dusty - covered with dust + adaste fideles (l) - "be present, faithful ones," i.e. "Come all ye faithful" + FDV: The owl whole hangsigns & the thirsty thirstey therstey fidelios!

Fidelio - the name of Beethoven's only opera. Fidelio is the masculine name adopted by Leonore when she disguises herself as a young man to save her imprisoned husband. In the song Finnegan's Wake, Tim Finnegan is saved from death when whiskey is splashed on him; this occurs as the result of a fight originating between two women, Biddy O'Brien and Maggy O'Connor, both of whom claim to be Tim's significant other. Thus, Tim is saved by his infidelity, without which there would have been no fight, no spilled whiskey, and no resurrection.

braw - fine, splendid, pleasant + bradan (bradan) (gael) - salmon + brow down: i.e., face down + FDV: They laid him low lax along his last broadon his bed.

pocalips - apocalypse (obs.) + Apocalypse - the last book of the Bible, dealing with the end of the world, contrasted with Guenesis in the following line + bocal - a glass bottle or jar with a short wide neck + Finnegan's Wake (song): "with a gallon of whiskey at his feet".

finis - end, coclusion + fionn-uisce (Irish) - clear water (Pronunciation 'finishki') + The first four lines are from the song Finnegan's Wake and the fifth from Phil the Fluther's Ball: They wrapped him up in a nice clean sheet / And laid him out across the bed, / With a gallon of whiskey at his feet / And a barrel of porter at his head. / With the toot of the flute and the twiddle of the fiddle, O. 

barrow - wheelbarrow + Finnegan's Wake (song): "and a barrel of porter at his head".

Guiness - the proprietary name of a brand of stout manufactured by the firm of Guinness; a bottle or glass of this + Genesis - the first book of the Bible, dealing with the creation of the world (contrasted with a 'bockalips' in the previous line).

over + FDV: With abuckalyps abucketlips of finisky at his feet & a barrowload of guinesis guenesis guennesis at his head.

tee - prepare, arrange + tea + Phil the Fluther's Ball (song): "To the toot of the flute and the twiddle of the fiddle, O".

teetotal - absolute, complete; total abstinence from alcoholic drinks + FDV: To Tee the total tootal of the fluid & the twaddle of the fuddled, O.

twaddle - senseless, silly or trifling talk

fuddled - intoxicated

hurrah - hooray!

gleve - a lance or spear; a solder armed with gleve; a sword + glava (Serbian) - head ("His glav toside him" [FW.10.35-36]) + 'There is but one God' (Islam).

old + whole + {HCE turns over in bed, revealing his face to the "audience" for the first time; the Moon or owl globe rises above the horizon or wheels in view, it is night}

tautology - a needless repetition of an idea, a logical statement that is trivially true + (stuttering) + FDV: Hurrah, there is but one globe for the owlglobe wheels anew which is testamount to the same thing as who shall see.

flounder - to behave awkwardly, stumble helplessly + flat on one's back - ill in bed, in a helpless situation + 'As flat as a flounder' (proverb) [flounder is a kind of flatfish] + FDV: He, a being so on the flat flounder of his bulk, with far far away back, let wee peep at Hom, plate Ш.  

bulk - mass, extent

overgrown - abnormally or excessively grown

Babel (Tower of) + Dublin + baby + (notebook 1924): '*E* overgrown child' → Martin: Saint Colomban 102: (of vehement reproaches and threats of excommunication) 'It was by such actions that the Church of Christ educated the barbarians, these overgrown children, in the practice of the Gospel'.

wee - small, tiny; to urinate (Colloquial) + let us.

hom - them, themselves + Ш - Joyce said of this sign that it means HCE interred in the landscape, and also that it is a Chinese letter-word, meaning 'mountain' and called 'Chin'.

platter - dinner plate + "After much searching, Isis was able to gather together the pieces of Osiris, and added an artificial phallus. With the aid of words of magical power granted her by Thoth, she unified the parts of her brother husband and roused him. The image of Osiris' literal erection from the dead, effected by Isis in the shape of a bird is a vivid one. It is central to the cycle of Osiris, and important in FW. Mr. Slomczynski has discovered that, within the text of FW, we are referred to a photographic plate depicting the act ("well, see peegee ought he ought, platterplate"). If we observe the aural value of the phrase, and follow the suggestion of "see pg eighty-eight" in Moret's Rois et Dieux d'Egypte (1911, reprinted soon after the opening of Tutankhamen's tomb and popular at that time), we will find a "platterplate", that is a plate of "dished" or fallen Osiris, roused by Isis. This plate is titled "The Wake of Osiris" ("Veillée funèbre d'Osiris-Ounnefer mort")" (Mark L. Troy).

FDV: From Shopalist to Bailiwick Bailywick [or from Ashtun to baronsoath baronoath [or from Long Longthe Buythebanks to Roundthehead [he swim, swam, swum. [[All the way] the his baywinds [choir oboe oboboes] shall wail him [rockbound (HoaHoahoath hoahoahoath! HoaHoahoath hoahoahoath!)] in swimswamswum & all the livvylong night [the delldale dalppled dappling dalppling night, the night of blue hells bluerybells bluerabells] her flutaflute flitafluta flitaflute [in tricky trochees (how O carina! how O carina!)] [shall] wake him [with her kitti issavan essavans & her patterjackmartins [and about all the them inns & ouses.] tilling Tilling a teel of a tub tum, telling a toll of a tears teary turdy Tublin.]]]]] For what we are, and if we are, about to believe. So pass the kish [& pooll the begg].

Seipeal Iosaid (shepel isid') (gael) - Iosada's [Iseult's] chapel; anglic. Chapelizod (a village few miles west of Dublin city) + shopping list.

bailiwick - surrounding territory; an area under the jurisdiction of a bailiff + Baile (bolye) (gael) - Homestead; anglic. Bailey + Bailey Lighthouse on Howth Head, a few miles east of Dublin city.

Ashtown - village near Phoenix Park, north-west of Dublin city

barony - in Ireland, a division of a county + Baron of Howth - A title in the Anglo-Irish Peerage held in the St. Lawrence family which existed from around 1625 to 1801, at which time it was elevated to an earldom. The family seat was ay Howth Castle + FDV: From Shopalist to Bailiwick Bailywick [or from Ashtun to baronsoath baronoath

'By the Banks of My Own Lovely Lee' (song about the River Lee, which flows through the city of Cork) + FDV: [or from Long Longthe Buythebanks to Roundthehead

"his roundhead staple of other days" [FW.004.34] + Howth Head.

hill + foot the bill - to pay the bill.

Ireland's eye - a small uninhabited island off the coast of County Dublin, Ireland, situated directly north of Howth Harbour + glint - a momentary flash of light (often associated with a person's eye).

extensus (l) - stretched out + lies extended.

(sound of horn is heard in the air) + Richard Wagner's opera Der fliegende Holländer (The Flying Dutchman) opens with a horn call representing the Dutchman. This paragraph includes the names of many musical instruments.

fjord - a long, narrow arm of the sea, running up between high banks or cliffs, as on the coast of Norway + fjord (Norwegian) - bay (i.e. Dublin Bay).

fjeld - a barren plateau of Scandinavian uplands + fjell (Norwegian) - mountain (i.e. Hill of Howth).

"bend of bay" [FW 003.02]

oboe - a wooden double-reed wind-instrument, forming the treble to the bassoon + boes (gr) - cries, clamour + FDV: [he swim, swam, swum. [[All the way] the his baywinds [choir oboe oboboes] shall wail him [rockbound (HoaHoahoath hoahoahoath! HoaHoahoath hoahoahoath!)] in swimswamswum