mounding - heaping, piling + morning Mass + FDV: From here when the clouds roll by, jamey, a clear view is enjoyable of the mound's mounding's mass, now Williamstown national museum, with in a greenish distance the charmful waterloose country and they two quitewhite villagettes who here show herselves so gigglesome mixxt minxt the follyages, the pretties!

WELLINGTON MUSEUM - At Hyde Park Corner, London, the residence of the Duke of Wellington, purchased as a gift to him in 1820 + Joyce's note: 'ark = museum' + Wellington Monument is not a museum but an an obelisk in the Phoenix Park. It is known that a sacred pillar was worshipped at Heliopolis before the Benben (Edwards, p.24). The phallic symbolism of a pillar is of course obvious, and its association to the phallus of Atum seems almost a certainty, for in the Pyramid Texts we read: "Atum is he who once came into being, who masturbated in On (Heliopolis). He took his phallus in his grasp that he might create orgasm by means of it…".


Waterloo + The museum, or museyroom, is the outhouse in the backyard behind HCE's tavern; a WC (water closet) or loo, naturally brings Waterloo to mind, and becomes the place (lieu) in which the battle is fought; the following two-and-a-half pages consist of (1) a tour through the museum; (2) a detailed account of the Battle of Waterloo, (3) a descrption of HCE urinating, defecating and masturbating in his outhouse; (4) a depiction of HCE and ALP making love (or is it HCE and Kate? "Widow Strong, then, as her weaker had turned him to the wall" [FW.79.33-34])

quite - completely, totally, realy

villagette - a little village + FDV: and they two quitewhite villagettes who here show herselves

show off (expose themselves) + {HCE's crime, which he commits in the Phoenix Park, seems to involve both peeping at girls who are urinating in the bushes (and thus exposing themselves to him) as well as exposing himself to them}.

gigglesome - tending to cause giggles

twixt - betwixt (between) + amidst + minxit (l) - she urinated + FDV: so gigglesome mixxt minxt the follyages, the pretties!

foliage - a mass of leaves + folly - In architechture, a folly is an extravagant, useless, or fanciful building ("Behold a proof of Irish sense, / Here Irish wit is seen; / When nothing's left that's worth defence, / They build a magazine") + "Once a man learns to see he finds himself alone in the world with nothing but folly," don Juan said cryptically. (Carlos Castaneda: A Separate Reality)

prettiness - beauty of a slight, diminutive, dainty, or childish kind, without stateliness + pretties - pretty girls.

penetrator - one who penetrates (the sexual sense is attested from 1613) + As far as we know, the first people to enter the Great Pyramid since the time of its contruction were the Arabs in 820 AD. Under caliph, Al Mamoun, the Arabs broke into the Great Pyramid (since they could not find the hidden entrance) by boring into the limestone with crude instruments. After months they did manage to break in and find the descending passage. However, as authors Briar and Hobbs claim, "all the pyramids were robbed" by the New Kingdom, when the construction of royal tombs in a desert valley, now known as the Valley of the Kings, began. Joyce Tyldesley states that the Great Pyramid itself "is known to have been opened and emptied by the Middle Kingdom", before the Arab caliph Abdullah al-Mamun entered the pyramid around AD 820.

Paddy - Irishman + Patkins, Paddy - an Irish Tommy Atkins + FDV: Penetrators are admitted in this museumound free, welshe and the militaries one shellink.

shilling + {penetrators, free, Welsh/Irish/English (*VYC*), one shilling}

dismember - to deprive of limbs, to cut off the limbs

Pensioners from Napoleon's 'Vieille Garde' (Old Guard) lived in the 'Hotel des Invalides', the location of Napoleon's mausoleum and tomb (Cambronne commanded a division of the Old Guard at Waterloo).

pousse - to push + poussepousse (fr) - rickshaw (from French pousser: to push) + puss-puss - hypocorism for cat.

pram - perambulator

sate - to saturate + sate (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - seat.

butt - buttocks

passkey - a key to the door of a restricted area, given only to those who are officially allowed access; a master key

supply = supplicate - to petition humbly

janitrix = janitress - a female janitor

kate (Slang) - picklock, skeleton key + Kate - servant in HCE's household + Ka-the (the at the end of fw, entrance into the pyramid) + FDV: For her key supply to the janitrix, the Mistresse Kate. Tip.

tip - an item of expert or authoritative information imparted or sought for one's guidance + Ulysses 11.706: "Tipping her tepping... topping her. Tup" (All these t-p "verbs" have in common the (archaic) meaning: to copulate as animals. To "tup" and to "tip" mean to copulate as a ram does. To "top" means to cover as an animal covers, and both "tap" and "tep" are dialect variants of "top". "Tipping" is also a musical term for double-tonguing.) [Don Gifford, Robert J. Seidman: Ulysses anotated] + Tib - Issy's cat, Boald Tib; name of mistress Kathe is also similar with the cat.

FDV: This way to the mewseyroom. Mind your boot hat going in. Now yez yiz are in the Willingdone mewseyroom. This is a Prooshian Prooshious gun gunz. This is a ffrinch. Tip. This is the flag-o'-the-prushian prooshan prooshious. This is a bullet that bing the flag-o'-th prooshian prooshan. This is the ffrinch that fire the bull that bang the flag-o'-the-prooshian. Tip. This the hat of lipoleum. Tip. Lipoleum hat. This is the Willingdone on his white harse. This the big Willingdone, grand & magentic, with his gold tim goltin spurs, [& quarterbrass shoos shoes], this his big wide harse. Tip.

museum - the English word museum comes from the Latin word, and originally is from the Greek mouseion, which denotes a place or temple dedicated to the Muses, the patron divinities in Greek mythology of the arts + mew - the sound a cat makes + REFERENCE + Near the top of the Grand Gallery, three pink granite monoliths (which are still in place) form the door to the Kings Chamber. The modern entrance is located at the upper end of the south wall of the Grand Gallery.

yiz - you (pl.)

Willingdone, Marquess of - appointed Indian viceroy, 1931, when India was in revolutionary turmoil. He arrested Gandhi, suppressed a "No Rent" campaign, etc., and in my Second Census I confidently stated that he doubles with Wellington, FW 8-10, who also supressed an Indian revolt. But now I have noticed that "Willingdone" occurs in transition I, 1927. Therefore, unless he suppressed an earlier revolt, the marquess is yet another of Joyce's fine coincidences on prophecies or historical insights. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake). 

Prooshian = Prussian + Created as a kingdom in 1701 from the duchy of Brandenberg, Prussia became the dominant power in the formation of the German Empire in 1871. General Blucher's Prussian army was crucially engaged against the French at the Battle of Waterloo. Russians were not at Waterloo, but they were in the Crimean War; thus the museyroom episode draws the story of How Buckley Shot the Russian General into its orbit; many things that happen in this episode will recur in the Buckley episode.

French + FDV: This is a Prooshian Prooshious gun gunz. This is a ffrinch.

flag - banner; an abusive term applied to a woman

cup and saucer + cap and sorcerer + FDV: This is a ffrinch. Tip. This is the flag-o'-the-prushian prooshan prooshious.

bang - to strike violently with a resounding blow; sexual intercourse + John Byng - British general who commanded a brigade at Waterloo + FDV: This is a bullet that bing the flag-o'-th prooshian prooshan. 

SALO - Town, Lombardy, North Italy, 40 miles North-West of Mantua; site of French defeat by Austrians in Napoleon's siege of Mantua during the French Revolutionary War, 29 Jul 1796 + salus (l) - good health + salute.

Crossguns Bridge, Dublin + Corsican (Napoleon Bonaparte was born on Corsica). 

up with - denoting the rising of a weapon, the hand etc. esp. so as to strike

pike - a weapon consisting of a long wooden shaft with a pointed head of iron or steel + put down one's knife and fork (Slang) - to die + "If only you’d come out with knives and forks" (Eamonn De Valera, criticizing the citizenry of Dublin for not supporting the 1916 Rising).

fork - an implement consisting of a long straight handle, furnished at the end with two or more prongs or tines (used as a weapon) + De Valera, when not a great many people rose in Easter 1916: 'if only the people had come out with knives and forks'.

Napoleon + linoleum - a kind of floor-cloth made by coating canvas with a preparation of oxidized linseed-oil + oleum (l) - oil + At Waterloo Napoleon and Wellington wore bicornes, or two-cornered cocked hats, now known as the Napoleon hat and the Wellington hat respectively. Tricorne is cocked hat with three-corners.

Lipoleumhat (fr) - Diplomate

white horse is generally associated in Ireland with William III of Orange (King Billy) + HCE on the privy in his outhouse, and HCE & ALP (Kate?) engaged in sexual intercourse (both activities are involved in this complicated account of the Battle of Waterloo) + "Physically, HCE is a fat fifty-six year old man in terrible condition, white-haired, red-nosed, toothless, purblind and be-spectacled, once tall and stright, now stooped - he leans on a cane - and gross... Humiliatingly enough, to many his distinguishing feature has come to be his enormous backside, the 'big white harse' which awes the watchers of I/1's Waterloo scene and III/4 bedroom scene alike." (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

Copenhagen - the name of the Wellington's horse at Waterloo, which was a chestnut. Napoleon's, Marengo, was white + W. G. Wills' play A Royal Divorce about Napoleon divorcing Josephine and marrying Marie-Louise. James S. Atherton, in The Books at the Wake, p. 162: "... a scene without words. A backcloth showing the scene of Waterloo... In the foreground on a big white horse, rode Napoleon [played by W. W. Kelly], or sometimes - apparently when Mr. Kelly wanted a rest - Wellington. It made no difference to the play who was on the horse as nothing was said, but Joyce makes great play with this interchangeability of the opposed generals."

slaughter - the killing of large numbers of persons in war, battle, etc.; massacre, carnage + Sir Arthur Wellesley, the 1st Duke of Wellington.

magnetic - very attractive or seductive + magenta - a reddish purple dye, or its colour + Battle of Magenta, 1859 (MacMahon's victory).

gold, tin, iron + Battle of Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag), 1302 + FDV: This the big Willingdone, grand & magentic, with his gold tim goltin spurs, [& quarterbrass shoos shoes], this his big wide harse.

Iron Duke - a nickname of Wellington

QUATRE BRAS - Village South of the battlefield of Waterloo, where Wellington repelled the French under Ney on 16 June 1815, 2 days before the main battle, but then withdrew toward Waterloo.  

magnate - a powerful or wealthy individual + Magna Carta - the Great Charter, the foundation of English constitutional law, agreed in 1215 between King John and his nobles.

garter - a badge of a highest order of English knighthood (Wellington was made a Knight of the Garter in 1813) + gaiter - a heavy cloth or leather covering for the leg extending from the instep to the ankle or knee.

Bangkok - a kind of woven straw for hats

best - best clothes + vest.

goliard (fr) - minstrel, jester + (notebook 1924): 'Goliath'.

golosh - an overshoe designed to protect the shoe in wet weather

Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC) between Athens and Sparta and their allies ended in the surrender of Athens and the brief transfer of leadership of Greece to Sparta.  

trews - close-fitting tartan trousers + gaiters + Waterloo.

hearse - a framework of wood or metal placed over the coffin or tomb of a deceased person, and covered with a pall + Within the King's chamber lies a red granite sarcophagus. It is very large (with an estimated weight of about 3.75 tons), so it was probably placed in the chamber during construction. It follows the form of early dynastic sarcophagi (a flat-sided box with a groove on the inside to support the lid with one end left open to allow the lid to slide into place, and three pins to seal the lid when it was in place) However, the sides of the coffer are not well finished. There are clear saw marks on the outside, and on the north-west corner the saw appears to have cut too deep on more than one occasion. There are also the remains of a number of drill holes which the masons tried to smooth over, but could not fully remove.

boyne - a flat shallow tub or bowl + boys + Battle of Boyne, 1690, which has been called "Ireland's Waterloo" + FDV: This is the first boyne hiena (placement of "hiena" doubtful) grouching in the living ditch. This is three lipoleums lipoleum boyne hiena grouching in the living ditch.

grouch - to grumble, complain + crouch - to stoop or bend low with general compression of the body, as in stooping for shelter, in fear, or in submission + Grouchy, Marshal (1766-1847) - marshal of Napoleon's, fought at Waterloo. 

ditch + living death + In Les Miserables, Victor Hugo describes the lane that ran across the Waterloo battlefield from Braine-l'Alleud to Ohain as a sunken ditch, steeply embanked and ravined; in the Chapter entitled The Unexpected, he describes how almost half the 3500 French cuirassiers who charged Mont-Saint-Jean died when they fell into this unforeseen obstacle - a third of Dubois' brigade plunged in and filled the ravine with their corpses, forming a bridge for the followers - this was the beginning of Napoleon's defeat. 

enemy + inimicus (l) - enemy + Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers regiment at Waterloo.

Inglis - English + Sir William Inglis - a famous British officer in the Peninsular Wars + FDV: This is an inglis, this a scotcher, this a welsh walshe [one].

scotcher - one that scotches + the Scotch - (pl.): The inhabitants of Scotland or their immediate descendants in other countries + scotcher grey, scotch grey (Slang) - louse + Royal Scots Greys regiment at Waterloo + If Shaun the angel (inglis) is white, and Shem the devil (davy) is black, then Shem-Shaun is grey.

Davy - a name associated with the Welsh (after Saint David, patron saint of Wales) + David slew Goliath.

morder = murder + Mordred on Modred - King Arthur's nephew/son, who brought down the Round Table and was killed by Arthur + FDV:  [This is the peg beg lipoleum murdering the lipoleum beg. This is the Delian alps sheltershocking the three lipoleums behind a crim crimmealine.]

galgar (golugur) (gael) - noisy argument + Gallagher + Gawilghur was a well-fortified mountain stronghold of the Maratha Empire north of the Deccan Plateau. It was successfully assaulted by an Anglo-Indian force commanded by Arthur Wellesley on the 15 December, 1803 during the Second Anglo-Maratha War.

ARGAUM - Village in North India. Wellington defeated a Mahratta army there 29 Nov 1803, shortly before the attack on Gawilghur fortress + a lawyer's argument.

petty - small + pretty.

naythir - neither + If Shaun is Big Napoleon ('bog lipoleum') and Shem is Little Napoleon ('lipoleum beg'), then Shem-Shaun is the 'Petty Napoleon who is neither big nor small'.

asseyez (fr) - sit down + assez, assez (fr) - enough, enough! + assaye (Middle English) - try + ASSAYE - Village, South India. Wellington defeated far superior Mahratta forces there, 23 Sept 1803. 

tuachail (tukhil) (gael) - astute, prudent + Tuathal (tuhel) (gael) - People-mighty; anglic. Toole + touch-hole (Slang) - vulva.

Tomais (tumash) (gael) - Thomas + Muschi (German Slang) - vulva.

dyke (Slang) - water-closet + Tom, Dick, and Harry.

hairy ring (Slang) - vulva + In Genesis, Esau is hairy (Shem) + HCE’s hairy arse as he sits on the toilet in his outhouse.

Arminius (18 B.C - A.D. 21) - German chief who defeated Varus at Teutonberger Forest + Varus, Publius Quintilius (d. 9 AD.) - Roman general.

Delian - rel. to island of Delos, birthplace of Apollo and Artemis. Delia is another name for goddess Artemis + Julian Alps, North Italy.

mont - mountain

mons (l) - mountain + mons pubis - fatty tissue present in women above the pubic bone + Battle of Mons, 1914.

Injun - Colloq. and U.S. dial. form of Indian + MONT ST JEAN - Village just North of the battlefield of Waterloo, which Napoleon thought the key to Wellington's position.

streamline - a smooth flowing outline, a contour of a body + crinoline - a hooped skirt; a fabric used for hoop-petticoats + Crimean War.

Alp - proper name of the mountain range which separates France and Italy + ALP's skirt.

hoop - hope; to encircle, embrace

shellshock - battle fatigue, especially during World War I. So sheltershock would be to shelter from shellshock or shellshock (the lipoleums) in their shelter.

jinny - demon or spirit; a female proper name, pet form of Jane + (Issy and her reflection).

leghorn (notebook 1922-23) → Leghorn - an English name for Livorno, Italy (seized by Napoleon in 1796) + leghorn - the dried and bleached straw of an Italian variety of wheat; a hat made from this fabric (so called after Livorno from where it was imported); a breed of chicken originating in Tuscany, in central Italy + legions.

feint - to pretense, trick; to make a diversionary attack

handmade - made by hand + handmaid’s book + handbook.

strategy + astrology + strale (it) - arrow.

undies (Colloquial) - women's underwear + on the side of + FDV: This is the jinnies with the legahorns legohorns making their war oversides undersides undisides the Willingdone.

cooing - uttering coos + FDV: This is jinnies cooin her hands. This is jinnies ravin her hair.

ravin - to obtain or seize by violence + raven - of the colour of a raven, glossy black + Issy's good personality is represented by dove, and evil by raven.

Isolde of the White Hands and Isolde of the Fair Hair

git = get + get wind of - to receive information or a hint of, to come to know + get the wind up - to get into a state of alarm or funk + get it up (Slang) - to have an erection.

bander (fr) - to have an erection

memorial - of which the memory is preserved + mormor - murmur + marmor (l) = Marmor (ger) - marble.

telescope + WELLINGTON MONUMENT - The 205-ft granite obelisk erected in 1817 in Phoenix Park. Visible from many parts of Dublin, it has been popularly called the "overgrown milestone." The sides display the names of the Iron Duke's victorious battles, and there are bronze bas-reliefs at the base. 

wonderworker - one who performs wonders or marvellous things; esp. a worker of miracles

abseits (ger) - aside + opposite + FDV: This is the big Willingdone tallowscoop upsides obscides on the jinnies. Tip.

flank - the extreme left or right side of an army or body of men in military formation; the fleshy or muscular part of the side of an animal or a man between the ribs and the hip.

Excalibur - King Arthur's sword + six-cylinder (car).

horsepower + hross (Old Icelandic) - horse + Ross (ger) - steed.