FDV:Concerning the genesis of his Harold or Humphrey Coxon's agnomen and discarding finally those theories which would link him either with the Glues & Gravys & Earwickers of Sidleham [in the hundred of manhood] or proclaim him a descendant of vikings who had settled in Herwick (?) or Erwick (?) the most authentic version has it that it was this way. Like Cincinnatus he the G.O.G. (grand old gardener) was one sabbath day at following his plough [for rootles] in the rear garden of his Royal Marine Hotel when royalty was announced by runner to have been pleased to halt on the highroad along which
a dogfox had cast.
forebar - to hinder, prevent, prohibit
Tree, Iris - English actress whom John Quinn called "a fine wench with pink hair."
song Orange Lily, O
genesis - origin, mode of formation or production
harold - a species of sea duck + Harold II, "last of the Saxons" (1022-66) - English king, defeated and killed at Hastings, fighting William I, the Conqueror. It was after the Norman Conquest that surnames were introduced into England.
to dine with Duke Humphrey - to go dinnerless + nursery rhyme Humpty Dumpty + FDV:Concerning the genesis of his Harold or Humphrey Coxon's agnomen
occupational - rel. to occupation (employment, vocation)
agnomen - an additional name or epithet
pre - - before
prodromatic - of or pertaining to a prodromus; forerunning, introductory, preliminary.
Enos - biblical name. He is the son of Seth, father of Kenan, and grandson of Adam (Gen. 5:6-11; Luke 3:38). He supposedly lived nine hundred and five years. The Sabeans, who worshipped the "regents of the Seven planets" held Seth and his son Hermes (Enoch or Enos) as the highest among the planetary gods. Seth and Enos were borrowed from the Sabeans and then disfigured by the Jews (exoterically); Enos, son of Seth, was regarded by the kabbalists as a greater magician than any before him + enosh (Hebrew) - man.
chalk - to write with a chalk
Joyce's note: 'from older sources'
pivotal - being that on which anything turns or depends; central, cardinal, vital + Joyce's note:pivotal ancestor
;Ireland and the Making of Britain 141: Cormac, the descendent of Lethain [...] was of the line of Olliol Olum, King of Munster and pivotal ancestor of its nobility
(MS 47472-98, LMA: those theories ^+from older sources+^ which would link him either with ^+Such pivotal ancestors as+^ the Glues | JJA 45:004 | late Aug-Sep 1923 | )
Anker (ger) -anchor
Joyce visited the graveyard at St Mary's Our Lady in Sidlesham, near Chichester in southern England, and had in his possession a guidebook stating that there could found at the church gravestones with curious names such as Earwicker, Gravy, Glue, Boniface, Anker and Northeast + A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Chichester 54: 'Sidlesham Church is an Early English structure worthy of notice, and an examination of the surrounding tombstones should not be omitted if any interest is felt in deciphering curious names, striking examples being Earwicker, Glue, Gravy, Boniface, Anker, and Northeast' (Sidlesham is in the Hundred of Manhood, the extreme southwestern Hundred (county division) of Sussex; Joyce stayed in Bognor, a few miles from there, in summer 1923).
hundred - a subdivision of a county or shire (in England); Manhood is in south-west Sussex and contains the town of Sidlesham.
offspring - the progeny which springs or is descended from some one
wapentake - a subdivision of some english shires; (on.) - to take a weapon
hem - them +hem (Dutch) - him.
authenticate - to make authentic or autoritative
Talmud (read backward) - commentary on the Pentateuch (Hebrew is written from right to left).
hoofd (Dutch) - head
Ben Edar - anciently Howth, said to be named for Edar, a Dedanaan chief, buried on the hill + ben (Hebrew) - son of.
'In the beginning' (Genesis 1:1, John 1:1)
cabbaging - pilfering, purloining (mostly of tailors stealing pieces of cloth).
Cinncinatus - Roman emperor, who was said to have laid down his plow on his tiny farm to serve as dictator in 458 BC.
Alfred Lord Tennyson: Lady Clara Vere de Vere: 'The grand old gardener and his wife Smile at the claims of long descent' (the first verse was changed to 'The gardener Adam and his wife' because of frequent letters to Tennyson from friends asking for an explanation).
save the day - to bring success when failure seems certain
redwood - mahagony, scotch pine, etc. +song Chevy Chase: 'Under the greenwood tree'.
sabbath - in the original use: The seventh day of the week (Saturday); since the Reformation, often applied to 'the Lord's day', i.e. the first day of the week (Sunday); transf. and fig. A time or period of rest.
khag (Hebrew) - feast, holiday
The Ballad of Chevy Chase - The ballad tell the story of a large hunting party ("chase") in the Cheviot Hills, hence 'the chevy chase'. The chase is led by Percy, the English Earl of Northumberland. The Scottish Earl Douglas had forbidden this hunt, and interprets it as an invasion of Scotland. In response he attacks, causing a bloody battle which only 110 people survived.
to follow the plough- to plough (said of the ploughman) + FDV: at following his plough
rootlet - a branch of the root of a plant; a subsidiary root + rootless - without roots +(notebook 1922-23): 'rootles'.
rere - rear, the back or back part of anything
mug house - an ale-house, beer-house. ? (obs. or arch.)
ye - the
marine - of or belonging to the sea, a sailor, mariner +A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Hotel Ads 7: 'SELSEY, near Chichester. THE MARINE HOTEL. ONLY HOTEL ON SEA FRONT'.
royalty - a person of royal rank
runner - one that delivers messages, reports, etc. +(notebook 1922-23): 'by runner to Luxor (mail)' + Irish Times 30 Nov 1922, 7/3: 'Egyptian Treasure': 'The Cairo Correspondent of The Times yesterday telegraphed a long message, dated from the Valley of the Kings (by runner to Luxor)... the most sensational Egyptological discovery of the century'.
highroad - a chief or main road, a highway
leisure - time which one can spend as one pleases, free or unoccupied time.
dog fox- a small fox + (notebook 1922-23): 'dogfox'.
cast - to turn in one's course, to veer; to throw off the pursuing dogs +(notebook 1922-23): 'casts along shore (fox)' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 267: 'Reynard the Fox': 'The fox had vanished... exhaustive casts upon the shore failed to recover the line' (i.e. foxhunt).
lady pack- a pack of female hounds + Joyce's note: 'lady pack' → Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 271: 'Reynard the Fox': 'A late snowfall having prevented hunting, we had taken the lady-pack out for road exercise'.
cocker spaniel- a small spaniel
vassal - in the feudal system, one holding lands from a superior on conditions of homage and allegiance, a tenant in fee.
FDV:Forgetful of all but his fealty he stayed not to saddle or yoke but he hastened stumbled hotface out of his forecourts on to the road in his [surcingle [plus fours] &] bulldog boots [coated with red clay marl [jingling the his turnpike keys a sweatdrenched bandana hanging from his coat pocket]] holding aloft among the fixed bayonets pikes [of the royal hunting party] a long perch atop of which a flowerpot was affixed. On his majesty, who was rather noticeably longsighted from his early youth, inquiring whether he had been engaged in lobstertrapping honest Humphrey bluntly answered very similarly: 'No, my liege, I was only a cotching of them bluggy earwigs'. The king who held a draught of obvious water in his hand upon this smiled heartily beneath his walrus moustaches and, giving way to that none too genial humour which he William the Conk had inherited from his great aunt Sophy, turned towards two gunmen of his retinue, the lord of Offaly and the mayor of Waterford (the second gun being syndic of Drogheda according to a later version cited by the learned Kanavan) remarking 'Holybones, How our brother of Burgundy would fume did he know that he have this for trusty vassal who is a turnpiker who is also an earwicker'. whether are these the True facts are recorded in as this legend? maybe We shall perhaps see. But it is certain that from that historic date all documents initialled by Humphrey bear the sigla. H.C.E. and whether he was always Coxon for his cronies and good duke Humphrey for the ragged tiny folk of Lucalizod it was certainly a pleasant turn of the populace which gave him as sense of these initials the nickname 'Here Comes Everything Everybody'.
fealty - the obligation of fidelity on the part of a feudal tenant or vassal to his lord.
ethnarch - a governor of a nation or people; a ruler over a province [Joyce's note:'ethnarch']
yoke - to attach a draft animal to something (by yoke)
sweatful - full of or abounding in sweat
bandanna - a large handkerchief
forecourt - the front court of a building
public - Short for public house. colloq. Cf. pub
topee - a helmetlike hat with curved brim worn esp. for protection from the sun.
surcingle - a girdle or belt which confines the cassock (a kind of long loose coat or gown worn by rustics, shepherds, or sailors) [Joyce's note:'surcingles'].
plaid - a rectangular length of tartan worn over the left shoulder as a part of the scottish national costume.
(notebook 1922-23): 'plus fours (shoes)'
putee - a covering for the leg from ankle to knee consisting of a spirally wrapped narrow cloth.
ruddle - to redden, flush, to color with red ocher + FDV:coated with red clay marl
cinnabar - a red colour like that of vermilion
flagrant - blazing, burning, flaming, glowing
marl - a kind of soil consisting principally of clay mixed with carbonate of lime, forming a loose unconsolidated mass, valuable as a fertilizer.
turnpike - a barrier placed across a road to stop passage till the toll is paid; a toll-gate; Hist. A spiked barrier fixed in or across a road or passage, as a defence against sudden attack, esp. of men on horseback +TURNPIKE - The Dublin turnpike system was introduced in the reign of George II. An 1821 map shows 10 Dublin turnpikes, almost all located on the North Circular Road and South Cicrcular Road at the crossing of main roads. The turnpike in Chapelizod was just East of the Phoenix Tavern (where the Mullingar House now stands) at the curve of the Dublin road to the bridge. It is described on the 1st page of Le Fanu's House by the Churchyard. The Dublin-Mullingar road was a turnpike road until 1853.
fixed - stationary, permanently placed
perch - a pole, rod, stick, or stake, used for various purposes, e.g. for a weapon, a prop, etc.
flower pot - a vessel, most commonly of red earthenware and slightly tapering downwards, to contain soil in which flowers may be planted.
earthside - earthward side or aspect
hoist - to raise aloft; to set or put up; to place on high
feign - to make a show of, put on an appearance of, put on, pretend, simulate, sham.
noticeably - remarkably
in fact - in reality
yon - that
causeway - a highway; usually a paved way, such as existed before the introduction of macadamization.
potholed - having a pot holes (a deep hole of more or less cylindrical shape).
to put (one) wise (to) - to inform one (of), enlighten one (concerning) +(notebook 1923): 'put me wise'.
paternoster - to fish with paternoster; a line used in fishing, to which hooks or groups of hooks are attached at intervals, and also weights to sink it; lord's prayer (our father) +(notebook 1923): 'paternoster (bait)' → A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Bognor 12: 'Fishing with "Paternoster" is recommended from the Pier, as various depths of the bait will suit the habits of different fish'.
silver doctor - an artificial fishing fly
fancied - artistically designed
lobster trap - a basket or similar structure serving as a trap to catch lobsters +A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Bognor 21: 'Wicker Traps, or "Pots," in which lobsters, crabs and prawns are taken'.
blunt - abrupt of speech or manner; plain-spoken; curt; without delicacy; unceremonious.
harom (Hungarian) - three
naw - no
yer - your
magger - maggot + majesty
aw - awe; owe; ought + I
jist - just
cotch - catch
thon - that + ton (ton) (gael) - bottom, arse.
bluggy - bloody
earwig - an insect, Forficula auricularia, so called from the notion that it penetrates into the head through the ear.
William IV, "The Sailor King" (1765-1837) - king of England.
drain - to drink (a liquid) off or to the last drops
gugglet = guglet - a long necked water vessel of earthware [Joyce's note:'gugglet of water']
adam's ale - water
Gift (ger) - poison
corban - among the ancient Hebrews, an offering given to God, esp. in performance of a vow +gorb (Anglo-Irish) - ravenous eater, glutton (from Irish: gorb) + gorban (Ruthenian) - hunchback.
walrus moustache - a large moustache which overhangs the lips (thus resembling the whiskers of a walrus) + Joyce's note:'walrus'.
genial - sympathetically cheerful, jovial, kindly; of or pertaining to genius
conk - nose, head, to knock + William I, "The Conqueror" (1028-87) - Norman duke who defeated Harold at Hastings, 1066, and became king of England. He did not himself mess with Ireland, but his descendants, the Anglo-Normans, ravaged Ireland in Henry II's time, and William III ravaged, too. I think all the English King Williams merge into William the Conk on FW 31 and stay merged (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + Joyce's note:'William the Conk' → Sunday Pictorial 29 Oct 1922, 9/1: 'Review of "The Nine O'Clock Revue" at the Little': 'Who can resist Beatrice Lillie? I can't. Hear her sing her ancestry in "William the Conk!" with moustache and bowler hat'.
spindle side - the female line of descent
lock - one of the portions into which a head of hair, a beard, etc., naturally divides itself.
great aunt - the aunt of one's father or mother
sophy - a wise man, sage
retinue - a number or company of persons retained in the service of some one, or attached to and following one, esp. a sovereign, noble, or person in authority; a train or suite.
galloglass - one of a particular class of soldiers or retainers formerly maintained by Irish chiefs.
etheling = atheling - a member of a noble family, a prince, lord, baron
Leix - county in Ireland
Offaly - county in Ireland, Leinster province + FDV:turned towards two gunmen of his retinue, the lord of Offaly and the mayor of Waterford (the second gun being syndic of Drogheda according to a later version cited by the learned Kanavan).
jubilee - the fiftieth anniversary of an event; the celebration of the completion of fifty years of reign.
scattergun - a shot gun [Joyce's note:'scattergun'] + (notebook 1922-23): '2 guns (2 men)' → Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 274: 'Reynard the Fox': 'rabbiting in one of his own woods with a couple of companions - quite an informal party, just the two guns and a dog'.
manning - the act of supplying man
proto - - first in time, earliest, original + syndic - an officer of government having different powers in different countries; a civil magistrate, or one of several such, entrusted with the affairs of a city or community.
Waterford - city in SE Ireland
excellency - title of honour, eminence( title of honour, now borne only by Cardinals) +(notebook 1923): 'an Italian Excellency'.
giubilei (it) - jubilees
cite - to quote
scholarch - the head or ruler of a school; spec. The leader of an Athenian school of philosophy +Joyce's note: 'save perhaps scholarchs'.
Cluain maca Nois (klun moko nosh) (gael) - Meadow of the sons of Nos (monastic settlement); anglic. Clonmaknoise.
typical + triptych - a picture or carving (or set of three such) in three compartments side by side.
puritas (l) - purity
doctrina (l) - teaching
business as usual - things proceeding normally in spite of disturbing circumstances.
hemlock - the common name of Conium maculatum, a poisonous umbelliferous plant, having a stout branched stem with purplish spots, finely divided leaves, and small white flowers; it is used medicinally as a powerful sedative.
preti (it) - priests + praties (Anglo-Irish) - potatoes (from Irish: prátai) + song The Garden Where the Praties Grow.
Joyce's note:dilsy dulsy office (MS 47472-98, LMA: and ^+dilsydulsily+^ remarked: Holybones | JJA 45:005 | late Aug-Sep 1923 | )
(notebook 1922-23): 'holy bones!'
William II or William Rufus (1056-1100) - king of England and a villain. William Rufus stuttered, and was killed +(notebook 1922-23): 'red mother' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 270: 'Reynard the Fox': 'Particularly when studying cubs... is one liable to encounter disappointment... For, should the red mother's suspicion once be aroused, all is over'.
audibly - in audible manner, aloud
fume - to give way to or exhibit anger or irritation + FDV:Holybones, How our of Burgundy would fume did he know that he have
thisfor trusty vassal who isa turnpiker who is also an earwicker.
for sure - for certain, undoubtedly + trusty - trustworthy, that may be trusted upon.
bailiwick - the office or jurisdiction of a bailiff
turnpike - to erect turnpikes on (a road)
by turns - time after time, turn after turn
seldom - not often, rarely + other
kin - a group of persons descended from a common ancestor + kennt (ger) - knows.
Peel, John - English hunting song. His "View Halloo would waken the dead" + REFERENCE
haunt - habit, wont, custom
crusted - covered with a crust, hardened on the surface
cheery - abounding in cheerfulness, lively
roadside - the side of the road
Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1903), 352: 'Holmpatrick, Baron... (Son of... Victoria, dau. of late Maj. Gen'l Lord Charles Wellesly, M.P. and sister of the 3rd Duke of Wellington). Res. Abbotstown House, Castleknock, Dublin' + holm (Middle English) - holly.
amusive - deceitful, illusive; affording pleasing entertainment +proverb A rolling stone gathers no moss.
Gladstone + clad - p.p. od clothe.
nomination - the action of naming, specifying, or appointing + nomen gentile (l) - clan name; second of the three names borne by freeborn Romans.
bourn - stream, rivulet; goal destination; boundary,limit; domain.
accolated - wreathed, conjoined, united + accolade - technical name of the salutation marking the bestowal of knighthood, applied at different times to an embrace, a kiss, and a slap on the shoulders with the flat blade of a sword.
collateral - placed side by side, parallel, coordinate
anthropomorphic - having a human form, described in a human form or with human attributes.
narrative - story, narration
fata (l) - destiny +fata (Rumanian) - face.
sibylline - rel. to Sibyl; prophetic, mysterious, cryptic
fas (l) - law, right,possible + phrase read between the lines.
nefas (l) - sin,wrong, impossible + fas et nefas (l) - destiny and counter-destiny; law and crime.
Nehemiah ("comfort of Jehovah") - (1) Jewish leader, empowered by Artaxerxes to rebuild Jerusalemafter captivity, (2) book of the Old Testament + no home-iah + song Home, Sweet Home: 'There's no place like home'.
yea - yes, more than this, not only so but
melekh (Hebrew) - king
khan - a title (now of slight import) commonly given to rulers, officials, or men of rank in Central Asia, Afghanistan, etc.
cum sceptris (l) -with sceptres + concepta (l) - conceived + Angelus: 'et concepit de Spiritus Sancto' (l) - 'and she conceived of the Holy Ghost'.
centaur - Mythol. A fabulous creature, with the head, trunk, and arms of a man, joined to the body and legs of a horse; an unnatural hybrid creation; an intimate union of two diverse natures.
Hokmah - Hebrew "divine wisdom"
metheg (Hebrew) - bit (for a horse); a typographical mark (used in the bible)
'Though this be madness, yet there is method in 't.'' (William Shakespeare: "Hamlet", Act 2 scene 2) [Lord Polonius: What do you read, my lord? Hamlet:
Words, words, words. Lord Polonius: What is the matter, my lord? Hamlet: Between who? Lord Polonius: I mean, the matter that you read, my lord. Hamlet: Slanders, sir: for the satirical rogue says here that old men have grey beards, that their faces are wrinkled, their eyes purging thick amber and plum-tree gum and that they have a plentiful lack of wit, together with most weak hams: all which, sir, though I most powerfully and potently believe, yet I hold it not honesty to have it thus set down, for yourself, sir, should be old as I am, if like a crab you could go backward. Lord Polonius: [Aside] Though this be madness, yet there is method in 't. Will you walk out of the air, my lord? Hamlet: Into my grave.]
heaven +Genesis 3:19: 'unto dust shalt thou return'.
doth - do
heave - to throw, cast, fling, toss, hurl (esp. something heavy, that is lifted and thrown with effort).
fallacy - deceptiveness, aptness to mislead, unreliability
punical - faithless, treacherous
finikin - over-delicately wrought or finished; also, insignificant, paltry, trifling.
Scheherazade and Dunyazad - sisters from 'The Thousand and One Nights' (regaling King Shahryar with their endless night-time story-cycle, thus distracting him from his design to ravish and slay a maiden a night) + scherzi (it) - jokes.
stage - to represent (a character, an incident) on the stage
Sudlow, Bessie - Dublin actress, Mrs Michael Gunn
Mistinguette - French dancer (d. 1956). In silver, Mistinguette descended a gold staircase.
pantaloon - in modern harlequinade or pantomime, a character represented as a foolish and vicious old man, the butt of the clown's jokes, and his abettor in his pranks and tricks.
Pitt, William (1759-1806) - English prime minister during the Napoleonic Wars. His father, William Pitt the Elder, was also prime minister.
patronize - to favour or support with one's expenditure or custom; to frequent as a customer or visitor +pay through the nose - to pay an excessive price (They patronize small and exclusive shops where they cheerfully pay through the nose.)
Galatea - (1) nymph loved by Polyphemus and slain by him because she loved Acis; (2) Pygmalion's statue, animated by Venus.
holograph - a document wholly in the handwriting of the person whom it proceeds +Joyce's note: 'holograph'.
exhume - to dig out or remove (something buried) from beneath the ground
sigla - letters (esp. initials) or other characters used to denote words; abbreviations or marks of abbreviation.
to dine with Duke Humphrey - to go dinnerless + dook - duck.
spalpeen - a common workman or labourer; Used contemptuously: A low or mean fellow, a scamp, a rascal; a youngster, a boy.
Joyce's note: 'Lucalizod' → Lucan - Dublin environ on the Liffey. Two earls of Lucan may have interested Joyce: (1) Patrick Sarsfield, a Wild Goose, who fought under James II, died in 1693, saying, "O that this were for Ireland!"; (2) Lord Lucan, who commanded cavalry at Balaclava and is associated by Joyce with the Light Brigade. In FW, Lucan is often linked with its neighboring environ, Chapelizod, usually as "Lucalizod," which links Issy and the two Isoldes to Lucia Joyce and Alice. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake.)
In 1886, the British Home Secretary was named HCE Childers, nicknamed 'Here Comes Everybody' because of his girth + FDV:and whether he was always Coxon for his cronies and good duke Humphrey for the ragged tiny folk of Lucalizod
crony - an intimate friend or associate, a 'chum'
populace - the common people
normative - establishing or setting up a norm or standard
imposing - that impresses by appearance or manner
FDV:An Imposing enough everybody indeed he looked and worthy of that title as he sat surveyed the playhouse on gala nights in from the royal booth where he sat with all his house with broadstretched kerchief cooling neck & shoulders & wardrobepanelled coat clawhammer tuxedo thrown back from a shirt wellnamed a swallowall far outstarching the laundered lordies clawhammers and marbletopped highboys of the pit. A baser meaning has been read into these letters, the literal sense of which decency can dare but touch. It has been suggested that he suffered from a vile disease. To such a suggestion the only selfrespecting answer is to affirm that there are certain statements which ought not to be, and one would like to be able to add, ought not to be allowed to be made. There was a case of the kind implicating a man named Lyons [who was posted at Mallon's and] who years afterward dropped dead whilst waiting for a chop in Hawkins street. Nor have his detractors who [an imperfectly warmblooded race] apparently think him capable of any or every enormity [recorded to the discredit of the Juke & Kellikek families] mended their case by insinuating that he was at one time under the ludicrous imputation of annoying soldiers in the park rushes. To anyone who knew and loved H. C. E. this suggestion is preposterous. Slander, let it do its worst, has never been able to convict that good and great man of any greater worse misdemeanour impropriety than that of an incautious exposure and partial at that having behaved in an ungentlemanly manner in the presence of certain two a pair of nursemaids maidservants in the rushy hollow whither nature as they alleged had spontaneously & at the same time sent them both [but each of] whose testimony testimonies is are, if not dubious, at any rate slightly divergent in on minor points [touching what was certainly an incautious, but at the most, a partial exposure [with attenuating circumstances. [during an exceptional abnormal S Martin's summer.]]]
Joyce's note: 'magnificently well'
survey - to look at from, or as from, a height or commanding position
vociferate - to utter with a loud voice
White Head, White Hat - Finn MacCool is often said to mean "white head" on "white hat"; "head" identifies him with "Howth", which is Danish "head" +Moore and Burgess Minstrels used the catch-phrase 'take off that white hat!' (Ulysses.8.605).
relieve - to make less tiring, tedious, monotonous, or disagreeable, by the introduction of variety or of something striking or pleasing.
grog - a drink consisting of spirits (originally rum) and water, to drink grog.
log - any record in which facts about the progress or performance of something are entered in the order in which they become known; log-book.
loot - money
bassa voce (it) - low voice +voco (l) - call, shout + basvoco (Ido - an artificial language) - bass.
treating house - a house of entertainment or refreshment, an eating-house + The Gaiety Theatre on Dublin's King Street.
satin - resembling satin in texture or surface
lustre - sheen, gloss, luminosity
floats = footlights - a row of lights on a stage floor, the stage as a profession.
veldt (Afrikaans) - open bushy country in South Africa
oxgang - an old english unit of land area, varying from ten to eighteen acres
unanimously - with unanimity; with agreement in aim, opinion, or action.
semper (l) - always + Kelly, W. W. - manager of the Evergreen Touring Company of Liverpool, which toured the British Isles before 1914 with Wills's A Royal Divorce. Mr Atherton says a real white horse was brought on stage.
evergreen - always fresh, never-failing + immer (ger) - always, ever.
tourer - one who tours or goes on tour
command performance - a theatrical, musical, etc. performance given by royal command.
courteous - gracious, gentle
millenary - a continuous period of one thousand years + century
ambitious - thirsting after honour or advancement; rising, swelling, towering.
bo - fellow + BOHEMIA - Province, West Czech, subject of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl." Arlene, heroine of the opera is a high-born girl, stolen by gypsies, who dreams she dwells in marble halls and is restored to high place and faithful lover.
Lily of Killarney - Benedict's opera, based on The Colleen Bawn or "Fair Girl."
command night - the night on which a theatrical performance, etc. is given by (royal) command.
viceregal - of or pertaining to, associated with, a viceroy
booth - a temporary structure covered with canvas, or the like, a tent.
ceilinged - having a ceiling
cuckoospit - a frothy secretion of spittle of insects on plants, an insect secreting this + cockpit - that part of the auditorium of a theatre which is on the floor of the house.
Red Riding Hood - eaten by a wolf in a nursery tale and pantomime.
MacCabe, Edwand - 19th-century Dublin archbishop, cardinal.
Cullen, Paul, Cardinal (1803-78) - archbishop of Dublin, bitter enemy of the Fenians, execrated at Christmas dinner in Portrait.
nth - n-th number
'All the world's a stage' (William Shakespeare: As You Like It II.7.139)
in one's own way - within the limitations of one's character
forefather - ancestor +folkeforfatter (Danish) - popular author.
invariable - remaining ever the same, unchanging, constant
kerchief - handkerchief
shoulderblade - each of the two flat triangular bones articulated with the humerus, and lying over the ribs in the upper part of the back in all mammals.
wardrobe - a room in which theatrical costumes and properties are kept
panel - to ornament (a piece of drapery) with a panel or panels (a panel-shaped piece of embroidery or appliqué work for insertion in any drapery).
outstretch - to stretch beyond (a limit, etc.) + starch - to stiffen (linen, etc.) with starch; to make rigid, formal, or precise.
launder - to wash and 'get up' (the clothes)
claw hammer - a tail coat for evening dress
marbletopped - designating a piece of furniture the top of which is covered with marble.
highboy - a tall chest of drawers; one who lives 'high'; a 'fast' man, libertine, gallant.
pit - the ground floor of the theater
stall - a seat in the forward part of the main level of a theater
cast - example; Theat. The assignment of the parts in a play to the several actors; the part assigned to any actor (obs.); the set of actors to whom the parts of a particular play are assigned [Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 104: 'The cast was thus:'].
parterre - the part of the ground-floor of the auditorium of a theatre behind the orchestra.
standing room - a space for spectators after all seats are filled
habitual - an habitual drunkard + habitue - a habitual visitor or resident.
conspicuous - clearly visible, easy to be seen, obvious or striking to the eye.
emergant - suddenly appearing, arising as a logical outcome
base - low in the moral scale; without dignity of sentiment; despicably mean.
This is a sensible limitation which can easily be read into deed or will.
blurting - the uttering of words abruptly and heedlessly
bruit - to noise, report, rumour
wisecracker - one who makes clever remarks
mokhorath (Hebrew) - tomorrow, morrow
vile - physically repulsive, esp. through filth or corruption; horrid, disgusting.
atman (ind) - the supreme principle of life in the universe +ethmol (Hebrew) - yesterday.
unmanner - destroy
detractor - a defamer, traducer, calumniator, slanderer +Quarterly Review Oct 1922: 'Ulysses' (review of James Joyce: Ulysses by Shane Leslie): 'The practice of introducing the names of real people into circumstances of monstrous and ludicrous fiction seems to us to touch the lowest depth of Rabelaisian realism. When we are given details of the skin disease of an Irish peer, famous for his benefactions, we feel a genuine dislike of the writer. There are some things which cannot and, we should like to be able to say, shall not be done' (refers to Bloom's reflections in Ulysses: 'lord Ardilaun has to change his shirt four times a day. Skin breeds lice or vermin') (Deming: The Critical Heritage 209).
imperfectly - incompletely, defectively
warmblooded - ardent, fervent, passionate + Joyce's note:'imperfectly warmblooded' → Daily Mail 15 Nov 1922, 8/4: 'The Wild Things in Winter': 'hedgehog, dormouse and bat are examples of creatures which have only... reached an imperfectly warm-blooded state... So at... cold weather they... lapse into a state of unconsciousness'.
caterpillar - a rapacious person; an extortioner; one who preys upon society + Great White Caterpillar - Oscar Wilde reminded Lady Colin Campbell of one.
enormity - a breach of law or morality, a transgression, crime; in later use, a gross and monstrous offence.
discredit - impaired reputation; disrepute, reproach
juke - to mess around + Juke family, descendendants of Ada Juke, of 1000 - 280 paupers, 60 thieves, 7 murderers, 40 other criminals, and other deviants.
Goddard - Kallikak family - Revolutionary War - Rev Martin - by 1912, of 480: 280 feebleminded, illegitmates births, alcoholics, prostitutes, of wife-none + (notebook 1922-23): 'Juke & Kellikek family - bred 250 criminals'.
mend - to correct (what is faulty), to improve by correction or alteration
alternately - by taking the alternate terms; by permutation
lay under - to put into a condition (usually one of exposure to view or danger).
ludicrous - foolish, absurd
imputation - the action of imputing or attributing something, usually a fault, crime, etc., to a person +(notebook 1923): 'It is not true that Pop was homosexual he had been arrested at the request of some nursemaids to whom he had temporarily exposed himself in the Temple gardens'.
PEOPLE'S FLOWER GARDENS, PEOPLE'S PARK - A scenic area at the East end of the Phoenix Park, near the Main Gate, surrounded by oak trees and walkways, with lakes at the center. Bishop's Wood lies at the North side of the area, near the NCR Gate +Harris: Oscar Wilde, His Life and Confessions II.608: (comment by Robert Ross concerning the father of Constance Wilde, Oscar's wife) 'The charge against Horatio Lloyd was of a normal kind. It was for exposing himself to nursemaids in the gardens of the Temple' (i.e. 'normal' as opposed to homosexual).
lea - a tract of open ground, either meadow, pasture, or arable land
joque - joke +song Little Brown Jug: 'Ho, ho, ho. He, he, he, Little brown jug don't I love thee'.
Christlikeness - likeness to Christ
thoroughout - through or during the whole of (a period of time or course of action); from beginning to end of +(notebook 1923): 'throughout my existence'.
excellency - high degree of skill, proficiency; As a title of honour
sleuth - to track, to investigate, to act as a detective; the track or trail of a person or animal; a detective.
boobytrap - a trap for a careless or unwary person
preposterous - absurd
quondam - at a certain time, formerly
pfui - an exclamation of contempt or disgust +Cicero: Oratio In Catilinam I: 'Fuit, fuit ista quondam' (Latin 'There was, there was once').
interim - time between events + interdum (l) - sometimes, occasionally.
quidam (l) - someone, somebody,a certain one
quoniam (l) - since now; because, whereas +(notebook 1930): '*C* if he did not exist it wd be necesse to invent him'.
stumble - to walk unsteadily and with frequent stumbles + Joyce's note:now walking / about Dublin MS 47472-98v, ILA:
a man named Lyons^+quidam+^ ^+then walking about Dublin ^+with a bad record+^+^ | JJA 45:007 | Aug-Sep 1923 |
Harun al-Rashid - Caliph of Baghdad in 'The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night'.
leaky - giving passage to water or other fluid through a hole or fissure.
sneaker - a soft-soled, noiseless slipper or shoe [(notebook 1930): 'sneakers (white shoes)'].
track record - the total number of a person's successes esp. in his work or job + Sturk - occupant of LeFanu's House by the Churchyard, he is attacked in Butcherswood in the Phoenix Park. Sturk is "resurrected" by Black Dillon + tearc (t'ark) (gael) - scant + Joyce's note:'with a bad record -'.
gammellax (Norwegian) =gammel lax (Danish) - old salmon + (notebook 1924): 'Let us call him Otto Chorzel (spy)'.
post - to place, station, stop; Mil. and Naval. To appoint to a post or command +(notebook 1922-23): 'posted at Lloyd's as missing' → Irish Times 9 Jan 1923, 4/5: 'Toll of the Sea': 'In the year 1922 twenty-one ships have been posted at Lloyds as "missing" and a ship "missing" at Lloyds seldom reappers'.
Mallon, John - superintendent of Dublin police at the time of the Phoenix Park assassinations + FDV:There was a case of the kind implicating man named Lyons [who was posted at Mallon's and] who years afterward dropped dead whilst waiting for a chop in Hawkins street.
instance - urgent or earnest solicitation, instigation, request
Joyce's note: 'Vigilance Cie Watch & Ward'
(notebook 1923): 'Vigilance Committee'
ibid - in the same place
commend - extol + commander of the faithful - a title of the caliphs.
sultan - the sovereign or chief ruler of a Muslim country + sulth (sulh) (gael) - sensual pleasure +shulkhan (Hebrew) - table, table spread with food.
sate - satisfy
trop - - turn, change + drop dead - to die very suddenly +(notebook 1922-23): 'whilst waiting for chop he dropped dead'.
fiat (l) - let there be, so be it
alicubi (l) - somewhere, anywhere, wherever
charge hand - a workman who is in charge of a particular piece of work +Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard (set in Chapelizod).
roche - any of various rocks +Father Roach - a parish priest in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's "The House by the Churchyard" + Roche, Sir Boyle (1743-1807) - Irish M.P., noted for his bulls, e.g., "It is impossible I could have been in two places at once, unless I was a bird."
lowe - flame, blaze, to glow; laugh; lie +Oliver Lowe - a magistrate in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's "The House by the Churchyard" + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1903), 1923: 'J. Lowe. Chief Inspector, Detective Department'.
gob - mouth, sailor + Ibsen + God
nark - informer; to watch, look after + marketplace
defile - pollute, debase +Psalms 68:12: 'Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil' + tarry - to remain or stay temporarily, as in a place.
cabful - as much or as many as cab will hold + cupful
bash - a good time, entertainment
The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XII, 'Greek Literature', 507d: 'Homer himself is called "son of Meles" - the stream which flowed through old Smyrna' + omer (Hebrew) - measure of capacity.
slander - the utterance or dissemination of false statements or reports concerning a person, or malicious misrepresentation of his actions, in order to defame or injure him.
flat - clear and unmistakable, exact
southron - southerner, Englishman, a native of the southern states of the U.S. [Joyce's note: 'Southron'].
homogenous - congruous, befitting +Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 34: 'it is only necessary to mention Edward Terry and "Sweet Lavender" to conjure up remembrances of a delightful experience of that - as "Jeames" would say - most "homogeneous" actor'.
grave - highly serious, formidable
impropriety - unbecomingness, unseemliness, indecency; morally improper conduct.
woodward - an english forest officer charged with guarding a wood
regarder - an officer who inspects royal forests and ascertain trespasses of the law + Woodwards and Regarders were forest officers who saw no hurt was done to vert or venison.
shomer - guardian, watchman
chin - to talk idly, chatter
chinchin - to talk casually, trivial talk
ungentlemanly +on- (Dutch) - un- + (notebook 1922-23): 'behaved in a gentlemanly manner'.
immodest - improper, indelicate, indecent, lewd, unchaste +modus (l) - manner.
dainty - of delicate or tender beauty or grace, delicately pretty
maidservant - a female servant
swelth - a swelling; a whirlpool
rushy - made of or resembling rushes, abounding in rushes; quick, hurried, in a rush.
hollow - a hollow or concave formation or place, which has been dug out, or has the form of having so been +(notebook 1922-23): 'the rushy hollow'.
whither - where
pinner - a woman's cap
(notebook 1922-23): 'Nature sends me to do so (piss) W'
eventide - evening
testimony - personal or documentary evidence or attestation in support of a fact or statement; hence, any form of evidence or proof.
first offender - one who has committed a first offence, and obtains the conditional remission of punishment provided by the 'First Offenders' Act' of 1888. (...Keepers are punished for this by a fine for the first offence; and for the second by stripes).
vert and venison - the green vegetation and the deer in a forest or wood +vert - green vegetation growing in a wood or forest and capable of serving as cover for deer.
venison - any beast of chase or other wild animal killed by hunting, esp. one of the deer kind.
incautious - unwary
attenuate - to weaken or reduce in force, effect, or amount; to become slender, thinner, or weaker.
gad (Archaic) - (of plants) to straggle, to spread + gad (Pan-Slavonic) - snake.
hwere (Middle English) - where
sokeman - a man under the jurisdiction of another,a tenant holding land in socage.
bride (obs) - marry
Saint Martin's summer - Indian summer when occuring in november
Jesse - father of David; also a genealogical tree, tracing the descent of Christ from "the root of Jesse." (jesen is Slavonic "autumn").
SHARON - The fertile plain of Palestine between Joppa and Mount Carmel. The "Rose of Sharon" of Song of Solomon 2:1 has been identified with various flowers, such as the crocus and narcissus +Song of Solomon 2:1: 'I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys'.
toman - a hillock, a mound of earth; a Persian gold coin
led (Volapük) - red
lol (Volapük) - rose
zesüd (Volapük) - necessity
kadem (Volapük) - academy
Jespersen: An International Language 34 (of Volapük): 'the stem itself must always begin and end with a consonant. Accordingly Academy becomes kadem. R is avoided: fire is fil, and red led. As s is the sign of the plural, no word may end in s: rose is made into lol. As ne is the negative, such a word as necessity is clipped of its initial syllable, and becomes zesüd. Not even proper names get off scott-free: Italy is Täl and England Nelij (j is pronounced sh). Europe is Yulop, and the other continents... are made into Melop, Silop, Fikop and Talop respectively'.
Fikop (Volapük) - Africa
Nelly, Fresh - Dublin whore +Nelij (Volapük) - England.
mundo novo (Portuguese) - new world + el mundo (sp) - the world.
flen (Volapük) - friend
Lilith (Hebrew lilatu, "night") - Semitic female demon, haunting wildernesses in storms, inimical to children and pregnant women. She was Adam's first, ungovernable wife, Cain's mother, the Devil's mate +song 'Lillibullero, bullen a law' (The song's title and the words of the refrain have been interpreted as a garbled version of the Irish words Lile ba léir é, ba linn an lá: "Lilly was clear and ours was the day").
Saint Paul allows the breaking of marriage bonds between believing and unbelieving husband and wife if the Christian is thereby prevented from practising his or her Christianity (I Corinthians 7:15).
maler = males - pl. of male
abush - to ambush
keep back - to restrain, retard; to conceal
erstwhile - former + FDV:Guiltless he was clearly for so once at least he clearely with a brave outlander's burr declared himself to be & we know that it is true. They tell the story that one fine spring one whistling happy-go-gusty -blowy April morning some years after the alleged misdemeanour whisst whitst crossing swinging (billowing) across the fair expanse of the park in the billowy rubberised inverness he met a cad with a pipe. The latter accosted him to ask if he could say what it was o'clock that the clock struck, had he any idea. Earwicker realising [as a on fundamental principles] the supreme importance of physical life & being unwishful to be plugged by a leaden the sap's bullet sending him to eternity halting drew quick on the draw produced his enamelled shrapnel hunter Waterbury [from his gun pocket] and hearing [above the skirling of old sharp Mother East] old Fox Goodman working the tenor bell in the speckled church, and told the cad it was punctually twelve to the minute adding however that the accusation against him had been made as was well known by a creature in human form who was several degrees lower than a snake. In support of his words the honest flaxen goliath ____ tapped his chronometer and ____ pointed a Berlin gauntlet to the dukes overgrown milestone as he said solemly: credit me sir my friend. [I have won [straight]. Hence my nationwide business.] I am prepared to stand take my stand on upon the monument any hygienic day at this hour and to declare before upon the open bible before the Great Taskmaster's eye & in the presence of the deity my immediate neighbour and my fellows [in every corner on this globe in general] & to every each living soul acquainted with the British tongue that there is not one tittle of truth in that purest of fabrications.
burr - anything that appears to stick in the throat or that produces a choking sensation, accumulation of phlegm, huskiness; 'a lump in the throat'.
amalgam - orig. A soft mass formed by chemical manipulation, esp. a soft or plastic condition of gold, silver, etc. produced by combination with mercury; fig. A complete combination of various elements.
chloride - Chem. A simple compound of chlorine with a metal or an organic radical.
hydrophobe - one suffering from, or affected with, hydrophobia (aversion to water or other liquids, and difficulty in swallowing them; dread or horror of water. Also fig. madness).
sponge - a hard drinker, drunkard
happy go lucky - just as it may happen; as luck will have it; haphazard + gusty - Of weather, etc.: Marked by gusts or squalls of wind; fitfully windy or stormy.
Ides of April - 13th April
assumption - the action of taking to oneself; reception, adoption
in one's birthday suit - naked
appurtenance - a thing which naturally and fitly forms a subordinate part of, or belongs to, a whole system; a contributory adjunct, an accessory.
(notebook 1924): 'confusion of races'
misdemeanour - Law. One of a class of indictable offences which were formerly regarded as less heinous than those called felonies; evil behaviour, misconduct.
tried - proved or tested by experience or examination; Of metals: purified, refined.
tigerwood - showy black marked wood
staff - a long stick carried in the hand for support in walking
stay - something that serves as a prop, support
billow - to surge, swell, undulate, roll with wavy motion + FDV:crossing swinging (billowing) across
expanse - a widely extended space or area, a wide extent of anything
caoutchouc - 'waterproof' (cloak) +caoutchouc kepi (fr) - a forward-sloping military cap made of rubber + HCE is putting on his seven pieces of clothing, suitably waterproof for a happygogusty April morning of potentially stormy conditions, that is, of showers and exposers.
kepi - a French military cap, slightly tapering, with a flat top which slopes towards the front, and a horizonal peak.
blue fox - a dark reddish grey, pelt of artic fox + Blaufuchs (ger) - blue fox.
fustian - Formerly, a kind of coarse cloth made of cotton and flax. Now, a thick, twilled, cotton cloth with a short pile or nap, usually dyed of an olive, leaden, or other dark colour.
ironside - a hardy veteran puritan soldier
jackboot - a heavy military boot
bhagavat - possesing good fortune, blessed one +Bhagavad Gita (Sanskrit) - a book of scripture of the Hindu religion.
rubberize - to coat or impregnate with rubber
inverness - name of an overcoat with a removable cape
Lucifer - the rebel archangel whose fall from heaven was supposed to be referred to in Isa. xiv. 12; Satan, the Devil +luciferens (l) - light-carrying.
aureoled - encircled with an aureole +oriuolo (Italian Obsolete) - a watch, a clock.
odds - chances, greater likelihood
beat about - to discuss topics already treated of; to tack against the wind + Dagobert (d.639) - Frankish king who seems to have worn his clothes back to front.
bamer (Anglo-Irish) - straw hat
overcoat - a large coat worn over the ordinary clothing, esp. in cold weather.
Schulter (ger) - shoulder
inside out - so that the inner side becomes the outer + Jacob (a smooth man) put on a goatskin and carried venison to his father +song Brian O'Linn: (made breeches with) 'the skinny side out and the woolly side in'.
sign the pledge - to decide or promise to drink no more alcohol
hardily - boldly, courageously
accost - to make up to and speak to; to address + FDV:The latter accosted him to ask if he could say what it was o'clock that the clock struck, had he any idea.
Conas ta tu indiu mo dhuine uasal fionn? (Irish Gaelic) - How are you today, my fair gentleman? (McH) + ouzel (Archaic) - blackbird; a person of dark complexion.
Dubh-Linn - Ir, "Black Pool" probably referring to the little harbour once formed at the point where the Poddle River joined the Liffey from the South. The Viking invaders adopted and gave currency to this name.
old days - past times
tremblingly - in a trembling manner; tremulously; with trembling
bradys (gr) - slow, dull + Joe Brady - leader of the Invincibles, who killed the viceroy in the Phoenix Park.
evitate - to avoid, shun
execration - the utterance of curses (as an expression of hatred), an imprecation.
honi soit (fr) - shame on him (Motto of the Order of the Garter: 'Honi soit qui mal y pense' - Shame Be (to Him) Who Evil Thinks of This) + honni (Welsh) - assert, allege, pretend.
spurring - that impels, incites or urges + spur of the moment - prompted by the occation, occuring without prior planning.
nexal - characterized by the imposition of servitude as a penalty on a defaulting debtor + nex (l) - murder, slaughter.
noxally - by way of noxal surrender (the compensatory surrender to the plaintiff of the slave, animal, etc. by which the injury was done) +noxal (Legalese) - relating to damage or injury done by a person or animal belonging to another (from noxa (l) - damage, harm) + nox (l) - night.
ping - a sharp metallic sound
K.O. - knock(ed) out
Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March (17) + Fenian Rising, 1867 (67) = 1767 (Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard, ch. 1: (begins) 'A.D. 1767').
plug - to put a bullet into, to shoot [(notebook 1922-23): 'to plug (shoot)'] + Irish Times 9 Dec 1922, 5/3: 'Four "Reprisal" Executions': 'The I.R.A. would argue that they had to "plug" a good many more deputies in order to prevent the national troops from firing on them'.
softnosed bullet - expanding bullet
sap - simpleton, fool
quick on the draw - to be quick in drawing a pistol
tipstaff - a badge of office, an officer who bears a tipstaff , bailiff + tiptop(Colloquial) - superlatively good.
cue - a hint of what is coming
shrapnel - a hollow projectile containing bullets and a small bursting charge, which, when fired by the time fuse, bursts the shell and scatters the bullets in a shower; small change, notes, or coins of low denominations.
Waterbury - the name of a town in Connecticut, U.S.A., used attrib. or absol. to designate a low-priced watch or clock of a type manufactured there + Joyce's note: 'Pop has Waterbury watch'
> MS 47471b-iiv, LPS: his
enamelled^+shrapnel+^ hunter^+Waterbury+^ | JJA 45:024 | Oct 1923 |
skirl - a high shrill tone of a bagpipe, a shrill cry, a shriek; to scream, to produce a shrill sounds.
Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1862): 'Eccles-street... 14... Goodman, John Fox, solicitor' + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1903): 'Court for Crown Cases, Reserved - Officer of the Court - John Fox Goodman, Esq'.
bellmaster - a player on a set of fixed bells played by hammers controlled by the keyboard.
Ton (ger) - tone
tonante (it) - thundering
thunderous - resembling thunder in its loudness, suggestive of thunder
toller - one who tolls a bell + toll - the act of tolling a bell, or the sound made by a bell when tolled + Toller, John - 7-foot giant, Brewer says. He melts into great tolling bells and tailors.
song 'Cuchulainn's Call' (Cuchulainn - the greatest hero in early Irish literature and the principal hero of the Ulster Cycle; along with Lug Lámfhota and Fionn mac Cumhaill, Cúchulainn is one of the three great heroes of early Ireland, all of whom may derive from a common source and may in fact be identical. ... The guests at Culann's lonely mansion are making merry, knowing they are protected from intruders by a huge, ferocious dog. But in the midst of the laughter they hear a terrible sound. A late-arriving Sétanta, aged only 7, has killed the dog by smashing it against a doorpost. The guests cheer, but Culann is dismayed at the loss of his prized hound. Sétanta responds that he will raise another whelp to replace the guard dog, and will serve as the hound in the interim. The crowd applaud his generosity and call him the Hound: Cú, of Culann: Chulainn, the name he retained thenceforward.)
kidder - hawker
by Jove - Colloquiall asseveration (pro Juppiter, pro Jovem) + Jehovah or Yahweh - God of Israel. The name has been derived from hawah, "to sink down or fall."
sidereal - Of periods of time: Determined or measured by means of the stars + FDV:and told the cad it was punctually twelve to the minute adding however that the accusation against him had been made as was well known by a creature in human form who was several degrees lower than a snake.
tankard - a bell hung on a sheep's neck + Standard Time
buttal - a bound or boundary; to set boundaries to
pondus - a weight; chiefly fig. power to influence or bias; moral force
copperstick (Slang) - policeman's truncheon; penis
ginger - the rhizome of the tropical plant Zingiber officinale, remarkable for its hot spicy taste, used when dried and ground in cookery and as a medicine; ginger ale, ginger brandy.
chowchow - food of any kind
vim - force or vigour, energy + vitalis (l) - of life.
haku (Japanese) - to say
quarter - a person or group not definitely specified
MORNING POST - London daily newspaper, merged with the Daily Telegraph, 1937; Dublin daily newspaper, merged with the Dublin Times, 1832 +morgenpost (Dutch) - morning post.
human + uniform.
below par - not as healthy as usual; below the average, normal or usual amount, degree, condition, or quality +(notebook 1922-23): 'several degrees lower than a snake'.
tripleheaded - threeheaded + hydra - Gr. Myth. The fabulous many-headed snake of the marshes of Lerna, whose heads grew again as fast as they were cut off: said to have been at length killed by Hercules +Daily Mail 8 Dec 1922, 6/3: (quoting a statement made by Bywaters to the police in the Ilford murder trial) 'The reason I fought with Thompson was because he never acted like a man to his wife. He always seemed several degress lower than a snake'.
quaint - unusual, extraordinary
reconstructed + constrict - squeeze, cramp, inhibit.
quiritary - that is in accordance with Roman civil law; legal, as opposed to equitable (characterized by equity or fairness) + Quirites - Roman citizens.
quietude - quietness, stillness
zusammen (ger) - together
Webster, Noah (1758-1843) - American lexicographer. I agree with Mr Wilder: for FW, Joyce's English-language dictionary was Webster's Unabridged, for the OED is parochial and time consuming (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) +webster (Archaic) - weaver.
attributive - so-assigned, so-ascribed (by those who essay to assign the authorship of a painting or work of art).
flaxen - with pale soft strawy color (used chiefly of the hair)
giant + gigas (gr,l) - giant, titan + Gyges (gr,l) - Lydian king who had ring of invisibility.
chronometer - an instrument for measuring time + conundrum
ambi - - both, on both sides + adjacent
floodplain - a flat surface that may be submerged by floodwaters
gauntlet - a glove worn as part of mediaeval armour, usually made of leather, covered with plates of steel + Berlin gloves - gloves made of knitted wool.
hough - the hollow part behind the knee-joint in man; the adjacent back part of the thigh + hoch (ger) - high + height
elbow + Ellbogen (ger) - elbow + elleboog (Dutch) - elbow.
lore - knowledge
overgrown - that has grown too much; too big, abnormally large +WELLINGTON MONUMENT - The 205-ft granite obelisk erected in 1817 in Phoenix Park. Visible from many parts of Dublin, it has been popularly called the "overgrown milestone."
milestone - a pillar set up on a highway or other road or course to mark the miles + FDV:In support of his words the honest flaxen goliath tapped his chronometer and pointed a Berlin gauntlet to the dukes overgrown milestone as he said solemnly: credit me sir my friend
gage - a fixed or standard measure or scale of measurement, the measure to which a thing must conform, an instrument for ascertaining and verifying dimensions + gage (fr) - pledge, token.
aver - to assert as a fact; to state positively, affirm
go stright - to behave in an honest manner
nonation - strange, remote, out of the way, scarcely known + no-nation place - an out-of-the-way locality + FDV:Hence my nationwide business
creamery - an establishment where butter and cheese are made or where milk and cream are sold.
credit - to give credit to, put faith in, believe, trust (a statement, person, or thing).
take one's stand - to declare one's position, loyalty, etc. and be prepared to fight (or defend them) + FDV:I am prepared to stand take my stand on upon the monument any hygienic day at this hour and to declare before upon the open bible before the Great Taskmaster's eye & in the presence of the deity my immediate neighbour and my fellows [in every corner on this globe in general] & to every each living soul acquainted with the British tongue that there is not one tittle of truth in that purest of fabrications.
redemption - the action of redeeming oneself from punishment; way or means of doing this; atonement made for a crime or offence +(notebook 1923): 'sign of our redemption'.
hygienic - belonging or relating to hygiene
taskmaster - one who assigns tasks, one who burdens another with labor, overseer +John Milton: Sonnet VII: 'my great task Masters eye'.
Michan - St Michan's church in Dublin has a vault full of well-preserved corpses which are shown to tourists.
Mitwohner (ger) - people sharing living quarters
wheresoever - in any place whatever
backbone - a main support or axis, or chief substantial part; fig. The main or important element.
commutative justice - justice bearing on the relations between individuals and contractual obligations.
tittle - the smallest or a very small part of something, a minute amount
gape - to stare in wonder or admiration, to stare at with open mouth + Gaping Ghyl - a deep vertical cave inYorkshire, England + FDV: The cad perceiving that he had to do with a clear postpuberal hyperpituitary type, thanked him for the time of day [not a little surprised, all the same, that that was all the time it was] and repeated the words that same evening at his fireside where he was smoking reflectively spat in museful thought after having eaten some boiled peas and with vinegar a dish a plateful he much fancied.
errors + Thor - Scandinavian god of thunder and war. Tomar is the Irish form. Thunder-gods are important in FW because Finnegan fell on Thursday, Ulysses takes place mostly on Thursday, and Vico says language, religion, the family, and civilization began with thunder (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).
check - to stop (action, growth, exhibition of feeling, and the like), to restrain.
Eustachian tube - a canal leading from the upper part of the pharynx to the cavity of the tympanum, which it appears to supply with air.
markedly - in a marked manner or degree
postpubertal - occuring after puberty + puberal - of puberty.
pituitary gland - a small bilobed body attached to (and sometimes taken to include) the infundibulum at the base of the brain.
Heidelberg man - an early pleistocene man +(notebook 1924): 'Heidelbergman' + mannlich (ger) - manly, masculine.
luft = left
slope - to move or proceed in, an oblique direction; spec. To bring (a weapon) into, or hold (it) in, a sloping position +Paget: Babel 85: (of the connection between sound, tongue-gesture and meaning) 'Ă as in hat (written phonetically Æ) would represent a sloping forward' [(notebook 1930): 'hat = sloping forward I luft my sloper forward to mr Ally on the hills'].
Sweatagore - Russian Svyatogor, a supernatural hero of Russian folklore, literally meaning "Holy Mount" +Sweatipore (Slang) - India.
greedly = greedily - with manifestation of strong desire + greatly
ham - an inexpert performer; an incompetent boxer or fighter + man
touchy - risky, precarious; not to be touched without danger
um - 'em
guilder - gulden + guider - something which guides.
to take aback - to surprise or discomfit by a sudden and unlooked-for check + bock (fr) - glass of beer + FDV:not a little surprised, all the same, that that was all the time it was
all the same - in spite of what has been mentioned; even if circumstances had been otherwise; nevertheless, notwithstanding.
tysk (Danish) - German
mouldy - of the nature of mould; decayed, gloomy, depressing
void - gap, nothingness +Psalms 68:33: 'lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mighty voice'.
corse - corpse + in a matter of course - belonging to the ordinary procedure, custom, or way of the world; customary; natural, to be expected.
hound - to hunt or trace with hounds or as if with hounds
monticule - hillock, a minute eminence
dandruff - dead scarf-skin separating in small scales and entangled in the hair; scurf.
to blaze the trail - to indicate (a spot or path)
trusty - trustful, trustworthy
snorler = snarler - a dog
voracious - Of animals (rarely of persons, or of the throat): Eating with greediness; devouring food in large quantities; gluttonous, ravenous + verbi gratia (l) - for instance.
proverb The early bird catches the worm
tag - label, epithet+ tak for ilden (Danish) - thanks for the light + FDV: and repeated the words that same evening at his fireside where he was smoking reflectively spat in in museful thought after having eaten some boiled peas and with vinegar a dish a plateful he much fancied.
big time - outstanding, first class + big timer - a top ranker.
verbot (ger) - prohibition, ban + verboten (ger) - forbidden.
cold eve +kveld (Danish) - evening.
twittering - light tremulous chirping of a bird or birds
twatterlight = twitterlight - twilight
phrase between the devil and the deep sea
suppertime - the time for evening meal
souvenir - a remembrance, a memory
charlatan - an assuming empty pretender to knowledge or skill, a pretentious impostor + Joyce's note:'Charlatan Mall'.
mall - a sheltered walk serving as a promenade; in some towns adopted as a proper name.
jointly - together
darkening - nightfall, dusk
ROYAL CANAL - A financial disaster from the start, the Royal Canal was begun in 1789 to run North of the Liffey, roughly paralleling the course of the rival Grand Canal to the South.
Fluh (ger) - precipice
whenas - while; although, whereas; for the reason that
talky-talk - trivial conversation, talk for talking's sake + pawky - tricky, sly, cunning.
pogue (Anglo-Irish) - kiss
acquiescent - acquiescing; disposed to acquiesce, quietly agree, or assent +aqua (l) - water.
im Blauen (ger) - in the blue +phrase castles in the air.
stud - to furnish with studs (pillar, nail, bolt)
spat - p. of spit (to utter, speak, to emit)
pervertedness - wickedness, distortion
musaic = mosaic
dispensation - Theol. A religious order or system, conceived as divinely instituted, or as a stage in a progressive revelation, expressly adapted to the needs of a particular nation or period of time, as the patriarchal, Mosaic (or Jewish) dispensation, the Christian dispensation.
hearthstone - the flat stone forming the hearth. Also put symbolically for the fireside or home.
saliva - spittle
ma se do thoil e (ma she du hul e) (gael) - if you please
ascendance - going back in time
expectorate - to eject, discharge (phlegm, etc.) from the chest or lungs by coughing, hawking, or spitting; to ease or relieve one's mind.
callous - hardened, unfeeling, insensible
belcher - a multicolored handkerchief worn about the neck
pucket - nest of caterpillar + pocket
sup - to take supper
dish meat - food cooked in a dish, as e.g. a pie + sot - one who commonly or habitually drinks to excess.
pottage - soup, esp. a thick soup
dab - pat, tap + dub - to name, to nickname.
rawly - barely, scarcely (obs. rare.) + realy
Lucan - Dublin environ on the Liffey. Two earls of Lucan may have interested Joyce: (1) Patrick Sarsfield, a Wild Goose, who fought under James II, died in 1693, saying, "O that this were for Ireland!"; (2) Lord Lucan, who commanded cavalry at Balaclava and is associated by Joyce with the Light Brigade.
senaf (Rhaeto-Romanic) - mustard
pibe (Rhaeto-Romanic) - pepper
excelling - superior
ball - to form into a ball, to squeeze into a compact mass
minnshogue (Anglo-Irish) =minnseog (minshog) (gael) - young she-goat after first kidding
winesour - a small acid variety of plum
proviant - food
bilker - one who practises cheating; esp. one who evades payment of a cabman's fare + Billee, Little - Thackeray's hero who just missed being eaten by his shipmates.
hoarsely - with hoarse voice + highly
relish - to enjoy, take pleasure or delight in, to have a liking for
chaff - to roll up (dough) into a rounded form in the moulding of a round loaf
snevel = snivel +sne (Danish) - snow.
fain - pleased, happy, inclined, desirous
fennel - a fragrant perennial umbellifer (Foeniculum vulgare) having yellow flowers, cultivated chiefly for its use in sauces eaten with salmon, etc.
crown - to bring (efforts, wishes, etc.) to a successful and happy consumation.
pot valiance - valour or courage induced by drink, Dutch courage
platter - one who plats (to buffet, slap, smack, strike, knock); a flat dish or plate for food +plat regional (fr) - local dish.
Benjamin - the name of the patriarch Jacob's youngest son. Hence allusively, the youngest (and, consequently, favourite) son of a family; also transf.; Benjamin's mess or portion: the largest share.
bouilli - boiled meat +bouilli (fr) - boiled beef.
zaynith (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - zenith + zayit (Hebrew) - olive.
porco grasso (Italian) - fat swine, fat pig (an exclamation in Triestine Italian Dialect) + porcograso (Esperanto) - lard.
arabesque - to ornament in arabesque (a species of mural or surface decoration in colour or low relief, composed in flowing lines of branches, leaves, and scroll-work fancifully intertwined) + erebus - place of darkness between earth and heaven.
deluxe - luxuriously + deliciously - delightfully.
PHOENIX BREWERY - Phoenix Porter Brewery Co, in James's Street, across Watling Street from Guinness's. Ca 1820 the brewery was owned by Daniel O'Connell, Jr, later by John Brennan, O'Connell's manager, who renamed it the Phoenix Brewery. Until it went out of business before WW I, the Phoenix Brewery brewed "O'Connell's Ale." Its premises were taken over by Guinness, and the brewing of O'Connell's Ale by D'Arcy's Anchor Brewery.
song: The Memory of the Dead: 'Who fears to speak of Ninety-Eight?' (i.e. of the Irish rebellion of 1798)
nuptial - wedding + for the first, second, etc. time - as a first, second, etc., instance.
Grand Cru (fr) - a vineyard producing a great-quality wine, wine of great quality (literally 'great growth')
humble - to make humble, to destroy the power +Thomas Moore: song Though Humble the Banquet [air: Farewell Eamon] (Though humble the banquet to which I invite thee, / Thou'lt find there the best a poor bard can command; / Eyes, beaming with welcome, shall throng round, to light thee, / And Love serve the feast with his own willing hand.)
banquet - a feast, a sumptuous entertainment of food and drink
teaman - prisoner (slang); a marijuana addict + seaman - a sailor +leman (Archaic) - lover, sweetheart.
obdurately - stubbornly
bit of stuff - woman or girl +bit of strife (Rhyming Slang) - wife + strife - earnest endeavor + FDV: The aftertale has it that The next evening but one the cad's wife spoke of the matter after sadality meeting to the Reverend the director, a fresh complexioned clergyman and it was he in all haman probability who, seized of the facts, was overheard by accident - if indeed it was an accident - to repeat the words in an undertone to a layteacher of natural science in the middle 40's during a priestly flutter for safe & sane bets on the race course of baldoyle on the day when on a date easily capable of remembrance by all [turfites] when the portmanock plate was won captured after a clever getaway by a full length from Bald Boy Cromwell by Captain Blounts fresh colt drummer coxon at even money at short odds.
née (fr) - born (feminine)
Maxwelton, Bareniece - wife of the Cad. Her name has to do with "Maxwelton's braes" in "Annie Laurie" (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) +song Annie Laurie: 'Maxwelton braes are bonny'.
quick ear - capable of swift perception
spittoon - a receptacle for spittle, usually a round flat vessel of earthenware or metal, sometimes having a cover in the form of a shallow funnel with an opening in the middle.
aftertale - a subsequent reckoning, a correction
hath - 3d. pres.sing. of have
to line up - to fall into line, to come up to a certain line +glaned (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - gleaned + glean - to gather stalks or ears of grain left by reapers; to pick up or gather anything by degrees, to gather information or material bit by bit.
domestic - of home, house, of one's own country or nation
husbandry - the care of a household, domestic menagement
persica (l) - peach +persic (Rhaeto-Romanic) - peach.
armeniacum prunum (l) - apricot (lit. "armenian plum")
pomum (l) - apple + Pomeranze (ger) - pomengrate +pomaranza (Rhaeto-Romanic) - orange (fruit).
to slip the calf - to suffer abortion + slip - to glide or pass easily out of (or from) one's hand or grasp, through (or between) one's fingers , etc., so as to escape or be lost + clava (l) - cudgel, club + clavis (l) - key+ clava (it) - club, mace + clav (Rhaeto-Romanic) - key.
in one's claws - implying the notion of seizing, or having in one's possession or power.
to break news, a matter, a secret - to make it known, disclose, divulge it.
curtsey - slight bending of a knees + course
vesper - evensong + whisper
secret (Rhaeto-Romanic) - lavatory
pispigliando (it) - whispering +pis (pish) (gael) - vulva.
amad - mad, demented + amid +ama-da (Rhaeto-Romanic) - loved.
loverden - beloved +lavurdi (Rhaeto-Romanic) - weekday.
manfolk - people, human beings
gossip - a familiar acquaintance, friend, chum; esp. Applied to a woman's female friends invited to be present at a birth + gossip cup - a warm drink consisting of thin gruel, mixed with wine or ale, sweetened and spiced, given chiefly to sick people, esp. women in childbed + Hegesippos (g) - "Horse-commander"; 4th cent. Athenian orator.
cup of tea
ticklish - sensitive, touchy; fickle
Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 1: 'I couldn't stood it much longer'
hosch - hush +hoscha! (Rhaeto-Romanic) - come in!
intra - within the powers of legal authority + intro - colloq. abbrev. of introduction +intrar (Rhaeto-Romanic) - to enter.
jist = just
tablespoon - as much as a tablespoon holds
cupple = couple - to link together, to fasten
lawrie = lowrie - a fox+ song Annie Laurie.
pudden - pudding
cum (l) - with
pech, pieck (Rhaeto-Romanic) - breast + peclas (Rhaeto-Romanic) - a cake made on Shrove Tuesday + pitschen (Rhaeto-Romanic) - slight, small.
epistle - a literary work, usually in poetry, composed in the form of a letter; Chiefly (from its use in translations from L. and Gr.) applied to letters written in ancient times, esp. to those which rank as literary productions, or to those of a public character, or addressed to a body of persons.
epistola (l) - letter
in vino veritas (l) - truth comes out under the influence of alcohol; a drunken person tells the truth(Pliny) + vinars (Rhaeto-Romanic) - brandy.
volatile - a winged animal +volatilis (l) - flying.
vale (l) - farewell
Vincentian - a member of an order of Roman Catholic mission-priests founded by St. Vincent de Paul (1576-1660) + Vicentio - duke in Measure for Measure.
overhear - to hear (speech or utterance) that is not intended to reach one's ears.
reared - brought up to a certain stage of growth
ruadh (rue) (gael) - red+ ruakh (Hebrew) - spirit, wind, puff.
Ecclesiastes - the title of a book of the Old Testament, written in the person of Solomon, and traditionally ascribed to his authorship.
output - to put out, produce
have a banana (Slang) - to coit + Havvah (Hebrew) - Eve + bat (Hebrew) - daughter of + ben (Hebrew) - son of.
pianissimo - very softly; a very soft passage
varied - presenting different forms or qualities on this account
catholic + crookedrig - crookback + Crookedribs - Eve (see Paradise Lost, X, 884-85).
confidential - spoken or written in confidence + confessions
between hands - in the intervals of time, at intervals
to swear fealty - (of the feudal tenant or vassal) to take the obligation of fidelity to his lord.
bravour - valour, bravery, spirit + mein Braver (ger) - my good one.
freer - one that sets free; friar + Frau (ger) - wife, woman +mon frère!' (fr) - my brother!' + frar (Rhaeto-Romanic) - brother.
Balfe: The Bohemian Girl: song The Secret of My Birth
rubied - coloured like a ruby
oreille (fr) - ear
philly - rel. to city of Philadelphia; filly+ (notebook 1923): 'Ernest Thornton Philly - Henry -' (dashes ditto 'Thornton').
lay - not ecclesiastical, unproffesional
rural science - the study of rural concerns esp. agriculture
orthophonethics - reproducing sounds correctly
flutter (Betting Slang) - an exciting venture
sane - sensible, rational
hippic - rel. to horses or horse racing
breezy - windy; fig. Characterized by brisk vigour or activity, lively, jovial.
BALDOYLE - Village, North of Sutton and Howth; site of race course.
go through the card - to consider or try all the possibilities offered +go through the card (Slang) - (of a jockey) win every race on the programme.
picker up - one who picks up or gathers
perkin - a pretender to the trone, or to any exalted position + Peter + Warbeck, Perkin (1474-99) - pretender to the English throne, who was strongly supported by the Irish.
peer - a member of one of the degrees of nobility in the United Kingdom
prole - a member of the proletariat
encourage - encouragement
hackney - a horse for ordinary riding
plate - in Horse-racing, a prize consisting of a silver or gold cup or the like given to the winner of a race.
photo finish - the finish of a race in which competitors are so close that the result has to be determined by reference to a photograph of the situation + tablecloth - a covering for a table, particularly that spread on it when it is 'laid' for a meal.
each (akh) (gael) - horse, steed +ek (Volapük) - some.
neach (nakh) (gael) - anyone +nek (Volapük) - none.
evelo nevelo (Volapük) - ever never
cream - yellowish white color
colt - the young of the horse (to the age of 4, or in the case of a thoroughbred, 5 years).
getaway - act of starting+ (notebook 1923): 'a clean getaway'.
roe - a name given to the regular appearance of dark figures and spots in figured mahogany, which give a mottled effect, like a fish roe.
hinny - the offspring of a she-ass by a stalion
drummer - one who beats a drum for public or military purposes +drummer (Slang) - a horse with an irregular foreleg action.
coxon - coxswain
nondescript - not easily described or classified; of no particular class, kind, or form + depict = depicted.
breakneck - inviting danger, very rapid, very steep
odds - the ratio between the amount to be won and the amount wagered on a bet, difference.
bonny - pleasing to the sight, comely, beautiful
winny - whinny; wienie
widger - a gardening tool +(notebook 1922-23): 'Widger' + widge (obs. dial.) - a steed + jolly roger - the pirate's flag.
the daddy of them all - the best or finest example of som. pleasant or unpleasant + nappy - liquor, ale; napkin +James Joyce: Ulysses.14.1415: 'Thou art all their daddies, Theodore'.
James Joyce: Ulysses.15.3256: 'Neverrip brand as supplied to the aristocracy'.
top - to get or leap over the top of, to surmount
timber - wooden, dull +timber topper (Slang) - a horse good at jumping.
maggie - a girl + naggy - a small nag, a pony.
cove (Slang) - fellow+ FDV: It was 2 coves of the name of Treacle Tom & Frisky Shorty off the hulks what was on the bum for a [an oofbird with good for a] jimmygogblin jimmygoblin as heard this reverend gent make use of the language which he was having a gurgle [on his own] along of the bloke in the specs.
wetter - one who wets; water + Wetter (ger) - weather.
renn- (ger) - race +Ren, or name of power (Egyptian mythology)
overt - open to view
vox (l) - voice
lande - an infertile moor, sandy barren bordering the sea+ Song of Solomon 2:11-12: 'For, lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone... and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land'.
treacle - something sweet or clogging; to flow as treacle, to trickle (humorous nonce-use.)+ Treacle Town (Slang) - Bristol.
in pop - in pawn or pledge +out of pawn (Slang) - out of prison [(notebook 1923): 'out of pawn (prison)'].
theft - the action of a thief, larceny
KEHOE, DONNELLY AND PAKENHAM - Ham and bacon curers, 12-14 Brabazon Street.
frisky - lively, playful
shorty - a person of short stature; a short drink +(notebook 1922-23): 'frisky shorty (tramp)' → Irish Times 18 Nov 1922, 9/6: 'Literary Vagabonds': 'stealing free rides on freight trains with kindred knights of the road known as "Boston Slim" and "Frisky Shorty"'.
punctilious - marked by precise exact accordance with the details of codes or conventions.
tipster - a man who makes a business of furnishing 'tips' or confidential information as to the probable chances of an event on which betting depends, esp. in horse-racing.
come off - to come away from a place in which one has been e.g. a ship.
hulk - a ship; the body of a dismantled ship (worn out and unfit for sea service) retained in use as a store-vessel, for the temporary housing of crews, for quarantine or other purposes; a vessel of this kind formerly used as a prison. Usually pl. +hulks (Slang) - prison ships.
bum - to go around in the manner of a bum, to wander
oofbird - a source or supplier of money, rich person, ''the goose that lays the golden eggs''(from oof (Slang) - money) + (notebook 1923): 'oofbird'.
jimmy o'goblin - Rhyming slang for sovereign (twenty shillings)
un - one +thick 'un (Slang) - a sovereign or crown piece.
SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS - This famous British regiment is named for the last Earl of Seaforth (d 1781), who raised the original regiment, later the 2nd Battalion of the Seaforths. The band of the 2nd played in College Park, TCD on 16 June 1904, and the viceroy hears "My Girl's a Yorkshire Girl" as his contage passes.
colleen - a girl + colleen bawn = white or fair girl +Dion Boucicault, The Colleen Bawn.
person + parson.
clobber - to hit; to thrash or 'beat up' + motor car - an automobile +clobber (Slang) - clothes.
law language - language pertaining to law
and so on - used as an abbreviating phrase to avoid further description or the enumeration of further details +edzo (Esperanto) - husband.
sunday - a sunday newspapers
to rub noses (with) - to touch noses in greeting (in token of friendship).
gurgle - a drink or draught of liquor
along of - on account of, owing to; together (with)
butty - a fellow workman +butty (Dublin Slang) - drinking companion.
bloke - man, fellow + bootblack - a person who blacks boots, a shoe-black.
specs - specifications +specs (Colloquial) - spectacles.
FDV:Now it was the habit This Treacle Tom to whom reference has been made had been absent from his usual wild and woolly haunts for some time previously (he was in the habit of frequenting common lodging-houses where he slept in a nude state in strange beds shakedowns) but returning on Baldoyle night to [his house of call at] Block Z, Pump Square, the Liberties [he sought his [warm] bed] he repeated the tale more than once during uneasy slumber and in the hearing of a ballad monger and a discharged drapery executive O'Donnell out of work for the moment Peter Cloran O'Donnell a secretary of no fixed abode who had passed several nights in a doorway and Hosty an illstarred streetsinger busker who, feeling suicidal, had been tossing on his doss in the hope of soon finding ways & means for getting a loan of some chaps' parabellum to go & find some quiet dive somewhere off the main tram line blowing & blow the napper off himself in peace & quietness. He having been trying for over a year to get into Jervis street hospital without having been able to wangle it anyway. O'Donnell [& Peter Cloran [as an understood thing,]] slept in the same bed one bunk with hosty when day dawned and the housewife dawn-of-all-work had not been many hours furbishing potlids, doorbrasses, scholars' applecheeks & horny buttons when that busker the busker and his bedmates bedroom suite was were up and afoot crosstown thrumming his square crewth fiddle and after a visit to a public house near not 1,000 miles from Parnell's statue [where the trio were] in company of two decent boys joined by another casual & a decent sort who had just pocketed his weekly insult where all had stimulants [[in the shape of gee and gees stood by the decent sort] at the decent sort's expense [& came out of the licensed premises wiping their mouth on their sleeves]] the world was the richer for a new halfpenny ballad first sung from the under the shadow of the monument of the dead legislator [to an audience overflow meeting [fully filling the visional area] representative of every section of the Irish people [ranging from slips of boys [with pocketed hands, ladychairs, [a few old souls obviously under the spell of liquor] & emergency men [in search of an honest crust]] to busy professional gentlemen.]] Word went round and etc. This on a slip of blue paper headed by a woodcut soon fluttered on highway & byway to the rose of the winds from lane to lattice and from mouth to ear, throughout the 5 corners of the land of Ireland, and round the land his rann it ran and this is the rann that Hosty made:
wild and woolly - marked by boisterous and untamed ways of living and by lack of refinement.
counties - pl. of county + The Countess Cathleen - heroine of Yeats's play (1892, produced by the Irish National Theatre 1899) who sells her soul to the devil to feed the starving Irish + capaillin (kopilin) (gael) - little horse.
lodginghouse - a house, other than an inn or hotel, in which lodgings are let.
to be hail fellow well met - to be on such terms, or using such freedom with another, as to accost him with 'hail, fellow!'; on a most intimate footing + hailfellow - pal, a boon companion.
meth - colloq. abbrev. Methedrine; also, a Methedrine tablet +meth (Slang) - methylated spirit [(notebook 1924): 'meth (ylate)'] + methe (g) - strong drink; drunkeness.
cot - a portable bed, or one adapted for transport + FDV:in strange beds shakedowns
blotto - completely drunk, confused, disordered
divers - various, several; more than one, some number of
tot - a minute quantity of anything, esp. of drink
hell fire - the fire of hell
red biddy - a drink consisting of methylated spirits and cheap red wine; also, inferior red wine.
blue ruin - gin (usually of bad quality)
jenny - a female bird
Rhaeto-Romanic is spoken in the Swiss valley of Engadine
herbage - herbs collectively; herbaceous growth or vegetation + Herberge (ger) - hostelry
doggies - pl. of doggy - a small dog
galop - a lively dance
primrose - a well-known plant, bearing pale yellowish flowers in early spring, growing wild in woods and hedges and on banks.
Brighid (brid) (gael) - "strength"; fem. n.; goddess of poetry.
aim - to calculate one's course with a view to arriving (at a point) +William Shakespeare: All's Well That Ends Well.
stirrup cup - a cup of wine or other drink handed to a man when already on horseback setting out for a journey; a parting glass +Arditi: song The Stirrup Cup.
We slept at the Village of Simplon, in a very fair and wellwarmed inn.
leaba (lyaba) (gael) - bed
housing - house accomodation, lodging
abide - to remain in residence; to sojourn, reside, dwell; an abode or stay +song Abide with Me.
block - a compact or connected mass of houses or buildings, with no intervening spaces.
back - to support one's opinions, judgements, etc., as to an undecided issue, by a wager or bet; to back a horse: to bet or stake money upon his winning a race.
PUMP COURT - Not a Dublin place-name, but old maps of Dublin mark the location of communal pumps in the inner courts of buildings in The Liberties.
THE LIBERTIES - Roughly the area of Old Dublin South of the Liffey bounded East and West by the Castle and St James's Gate, North and South by the Quays and Blackpitts. Originally, the Liberties were jurisdictions, civil and ecclesiastical, independent of the city of Dublin and for the most part outside the walls.
what with - because of
molto più (it) - much more + una volta di più (it) - once more + motapük (Volapük) - mother-tongue.
Volta, Alessandro (1745-1827) - Italian physicist for whom the volt is named. The cinema Joyce set up in Dublin, 1909, was called The Volta.
snore - to make harsh or noisy sounds in sleep by breathing through the open mouth or through the mouth and nose.
burden - the bass, 'undersong', or accompaniment
delay - to linger, loiter, tarry +The Lily of Killarney: song The Moon Hath Raised Her Lamp Above: '...I come, I come, my heart's delight'.
nom - used in expressions denoting a pseudonym, a false or assumed name + (onomat.)
num - name + (onomat.)
busybody - one who is improperly busy in other people's affairs [(notebook 1924): 'evangelical busybody'] + bussy - sweetheart.
rus in urbe - the creating of an illusion of the countryside in a city; an urban building, garden, prospect, etc., which suggests the countryside; country in city.
collarette - small or tight collar, necklace
sunbonnet - a light bonnet with a projection in front and a cape behind to protect the head and neck from the sun.
eyot - small island + Marta (marte) (gael) - March + eight of march
otherwiles - at another time + otherwise
katya (Sanskrit) - widow + Katya (Russian) - nickname for Catherine.
Lavinia - heroine of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus who suffered the same fate as Philomela. Lavinia is also the wife of Aeneas and heroine of Shaw's Androcles; and, as Mr Senn has shown, lavina means "avalanche" in Rhaeto-Romanic.
mens (l) - mind, disposition, intellect
to pump ship - to urinate
deadly +dood (Dutch) - dead.
whereat - for what cause or reason, wherefore
nigger - a Negro
oft - often +Thomas Moore: National Airs: song Oft, in the Stilly Night.
metagnostic + metagnostikos (gr) - fit to be translated + met 'agôna (gr) - with struggle
epikos (gr) - epic, poetic + thalamos (g)r - bride chamber + epithalamios (gr) - nuptial, bridal (hence, epithalamium: a nuptial poem honouring the wedded couple).
hearing - the extent within which sound may be heard
stony broke - completely broke, ruined
Welshdraper - a maker of, or dealer in, 'Welsh cotton'; a woollen draper +(notebook 1923): 'Cash draper'.
executive - a business man
Mac Labhrain (moklouran) (gael) - son of Labhran ("spokesman").
discharged - freed from a charge, load, obligation, etc.; dismissed
O'Mara, Joseph - Irish tenor, sang Tristan + O' Meadhra (o myare) - descendant of Meadhair ("mirth").
abode - an abiding-place, a dwelling-place, house or home
Mona Lisa - the name of a portrait painted by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), used allusively and attrib. of an enigmatic smile or expression such as that of the woman in this painting + mildew - a morbid destructive growth upon plants, consisting of minute fungi, and having usually the appearance of a thin whitish coating + The Liebestod in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde begins Mild unde leise ("gentle and soft").
doorway - the space in wall occupied by a door
bunk - a box or recess in a ship's cabin, railway-carriage, lodging-house, etc., serving for a bed; a sleeping-berth. Freq. one of two or more beds arranged in a tier.
iceland - a country covered with ice; the realm of perpetual ice
pillow - to lay down on a pillow, to rest (a head) on a pillow
hostis (l) - stranger, enemy
no slouch of (something) - a poor, indifferent, or inefficient thing, place, person, etc. +Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 17: 'no slouch of a name'.
illstarred - ill fated, doomed to failure or disaster
busker - an itinerant entertainer or musician +(notebook 1923): 'busker (beach & town)'.
sans - without
rootie (Slang) - bread
scrapie - a virus disease of sheep + scrap - pl. The remains of a meal, fragments (of food) +scrape (Slang) - butter.
'she set still' (i.e. sat) (Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 11)
toadstool - mushroom
selfabuse - abuse or revilement of oneself, masturbation + Joyce's note: 'on the verge of suicide'
> MS 47472-141, TsILS: who feeling
suicidal^+as how he was on the verge of selfabyss+^ had been tossing | JJA 45:059 | Dec 1923 |
'you must be most starved' (Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 8)
Birman - Burman + barman - a man who serves at the bar of a public-house.
nano (it) - dwarf
towhead - a head with flaxen hair, a person having flaxen hair+ Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 12: 'towhead' (a river sand-bar).
toss - to lift, jerk, or throw up (the head, etc.) with a sudden, impatient, or spirited movement.
shakedown - a bed made upon straw loosely disposed upon the floor or ground; hence, any makeshift bed, esp. one made up on the floor.
by any manner of means - in any way whatever+ Mark 4:41: 'What manner of man is this?'
how in the nation' (Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 13)
parabellum - automatic pistol or machine gun+ (notebook 1922-23): 'parabellum (rev)'.
take wing - to develop rapidly, to take on greater power +wing (Slang) - penny.
sociable - companionable, friendly, inclined to community; an open 4-wheel carriage.
light - to descend from a horse or vehicle, to dismount
sidewheel - of steamers, having paddle-wheels at the sides +Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'side-wheel' (paddle steamboat).
Dun Laoghaire (dun liri) (gael) - Laoghaire's ("calf-keeper") Fort; harbor just South of Dublin; anglic. Dun Laoghaire. Laoghaire was High King at Patrick's coming.
BLACKROCK - Town on Dublin Bay between Dublin and Dun Laoghaire; Since the 18th century a place of resort for Dubliners, reached by the "Rock Road", later by the Dalkey, Kingstown, and Blackrock tram.
tramline - a tramway; also, a tram-rail
to throw true - to prouduce offspring true to the parent type, to produce +Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 11: 'throw true'.
napper - head; one that naps
worth two bits' (Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 9)
beatitude - supreme blessedness or happiness +Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'balditude' (i.e. state of baldness).
quietness + quietibus (l) - to the dead +(notebook 1923): 'peace and quietness' + FDV: ...in peace & quietness. He having been trying for over a year to get into Jervis street hospital without having been able to wangle it anyway
STEEVENS' HOSPITAL - At South Lane and St John's Road. Often called "Madame Steevens'." Dr Richard Steevens died in 1701, the day after bequeathing his estate to his sister Griselda for her lifetime, then to build a hospital. She turned over the estate to trustees to build the hospital at once, keeping 150 pounds a year and an apartment in the hospital. She always went veiled and was thought to have a snout like a pig.
Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital
JERVIS STREET HOSPITAL - Founded 1721 as Inns Quay Charitable Infirmary; removed to Jervis Street 1728, rebulit 1803 and 1887. The street is named for Sir Humphrey Jervis, 17th-cent Sheriff of Dublin +(notebook 1923): 'I am trying to get into Jervis Street'.
Kevin, St (d.618) - eremite who lived 7 years alone in Glendalough, County Wicklow, spending his nights in a cave-Kevin's Bed, a popular tourist attraction-and his days in a hollow tree by the lake's shore. Thither came beautiful young Cathleen, who had previously tempted him at Luggelaw, and when Kevin again spurned her love, she drowned herself.
ADELAIDE - A Hospital, in Peter Street; founded 1839 "for Protestants only".
incurable - that cannot be cured
wellesay - alas! + Wellesley, Garrett, Lord Mornington - Wellington's father, who founded the Charitable Musical Society, which (as Mr Mink observes) financed the Hospital for Incurables on Lazar's Hill (now Townsend Street).
welladay - exp. of sorrow, lament
cockle hat - a hat with cockleshell as the badge of a pilgrim +song Ophelia's Song: 'by his cockle hat and staff'.
wangle - to accomplish (something) in an irregular way by scheming or contrivance.
roche - a rock or cliff + FDV:O'Donnell [Peter Cloran [as an understood thing,]] slept in the same bed one bunk with hosty when day dawned and the housewife dawn-of-all-work had not been many hours furbishing potlids, doorbrasses, scholars' applecheeks & horny buttons when that busker the busker and his bedmates bedroom suite was were up and afoot crosstown thrumming his square crewth fiddle...
O Mongain (o mongan) (gael) - descendant of Mongan (diminutive of Mongach, "hairy").
in common - in joint use or possession [(notebook 1924): 'so much in common, if the phrase be permitted'].
epi (g) - upon + psychidion (g) - a little soul + episodically - in an episodical manner; by way of episode.
hostis et odor insuper peteroperfractus (dog latin) - an enemy and a stink besides stony broke +odor insuper (l) - smell above + perfractus (l) - frustrated.
seaborne - conveyed by sea + Swinburne, Algernon Charles (1837-1909): 'The Triumph of Time': 'I will go back to the great sweet mother, Mother and lover of men, the sea' (James Joyce: Ulysses.1.77).
undulant - fluctuating, rippling, rolling
shaver - boy, a little child; one that shaves
shaw - a thicket, a small wood, copse or grove; show + George Bernard Shaw.
yokel - a contemptuous term for a (stupid or ignorant) countryman or rustic.
waster - one who lives in idleness and extravagance
bustling - that bustles; full of bustle or agitation
tweeny - a maidservant whose work supplements that of cook and housemaid +(notebook 1922-23): 'tweeny (betweenmaid)'.
of all works - employed in all kinds of work esp. in household (maid of all works).
meed - a reward, guerdon, or prize awarded for excellence or achievement + Byron's "Maid of Athens" begins, "Maid of Athens, ere we part."
anthem - a song, as of praise or gladness; a hymn
jiffy - a very short space of time
furbish - to brighten by rubbing, polish, burnish; to renovate, revive
potlid - the lid of a pot (when of iron, sometimes used as a warming-pan)
brass plate - brass plate, a plate of brass, bearing an inscription, e.g. on or at a door or gate, bearing the resident's name.
ashhopper - a lye (any detergent material used in washing; a cleansing substance) cask, resembling a hopper in a mill +Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 32: 'one little hut all by itself away down against the back fence, and some outbuildings down a piece the other side; ash- hopper and big kettle to bile soap in by the little hut;'.
fella - fellow
longa - long +longa (Beche-la-Mar) - to.
rejuvenate - to restore to youth; to make young or fresh again
busker - an itinerant entertainer
rave - the (or an) act of raving; frenzy, great excitement
rumble - commotion, bustle, tumult, uproar
Schinken (ger) - ham
broadawake - fully awake
suite - a train of followers, attendants, or servants; a retinue
shufle - to move the feet along the ground without lifting them, so as to make a scraping noise.
THE BARREL - The area behind a stone archway (recently a shop) on the West side of Meath Street, where the Friends' Meeting House stood; thus called in the Liberties because the Quakers gave out soup to the hungry.
cross - across, transversely + Joyce's note:'crosstown'
linn (lin) - pool + Dublin
chilled - made sensibly cold
thrie = three
route - a way, road, or course; a certain direction taken in travelling from one place to another.
resting - a resting place
superficies - Geom. A magnitude of two dimensions, having only length and breadth + superficies (l) - surface.
correspondent - in agreement or harmony, congruous, accordant with
linea (l) - line
puncta = punctum - a (geometrical) point +puncta (l) - points.
maniplumbo (l) - to make by hand out of lead
Oberflache (ger) - surface
thrum - to play (a stringed instrument, or a tune on it) idly, monotonously, or unskilfully.
cruit (krit) (gael) - harp +crwth (Welsh) - bowed lyre.
fiddle - a stringed instrument of music; usually, the violin
cronan (kronan) (gael) - hum, drone +John Francis Waller: song The Spinning Wheel: 'crooning and moaning'.
witty - clever
leppy - a motherless calf + ? leapy
subject - one who is under the dominion of a monarch or reigning prince
festive - Of persons: Employed in, or fond of feasting; convivial, jovial + Fionnachta Fleadhach (finokhte flahokh) (gael) - "Fair-snow" (or, "Made known") the Festive; 7th century high king [(notebook 1923): 'King Finaghta the Festive'].
flavoury - having flavour (a smell, odour), fragrant
fryberry - a raspberry + fraise (fr) - strawberry +Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 213: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'Another melodious cry... was that of the strawberry girl: Ripe strawberries, ripe strawberries'.
honeyman - a man who sells honey or has charge of bees +Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 211: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'What has become of our old friend the honey-man?'
sød (Danish) - sweet + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 212: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'the tones of "Sweet lavender" do not echo through the streets'.
lavender - a washerwoman, laundress
foyne = few +Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 212: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'Another itinerant provision merchant who had a very distinctive cry was the seasonable salmon-vendor. In a voice resonant but rather nasal he announced: Boyne salmon alive, Boyne salmon. Few would have gathered from the cry that the excellent fish had been extracted from the river Boyne, and some small people, at all events, imagined that it was "Foin salmon alive fine salmon" the man was calling' + fuine (fwini) (gael) - finish; sunset; west; Ireland.
priggish - characteristic of a prig; dishonest; dandish; conceited, pragmatical
appraise - to estimate quality or excellence of
roaration = oration - a prayer; a formal speech; a noise or hubbub +Hughes: The Pre-Victorian Drama in Dublin 6: 'John Barrington... sang and danced here his Roratorios in derision of the Oratorios in Fishamble Street'.
pawnbroking - the occupation of lending money on the security of articles pawned + FDV:...and after a visit to a public house near not 1,000 miles from Parnell's statue [where the trio were] in company of two decent boys joined by another casual & a decent sort who had just pocketed his weekly insult where all had stimulants [[in the shape of gee and gees stood by the decent sort] at the decent sort's expense [& came out of the licensed premises wiping their mouth on their sleeves]]
prothetikos (g) - setting before itself, prefixing
redeem - to free (mortgaged property), to recover (a person or thing put in pledge), by payment of the amount due.
songster - poet
house of call - a house where journeymen of a particular trade assemble, where carriers call for commissions, or where various persons in request may be heard of; Esp.lodging-place for tailors.
Cujas, Rue de - A short street in the 5th Arr, Paris. Joyce lived at several addresses in the area. He went first to Cecilia Street medical school in Dublin, than tried Paris in 1902-03 + cujas (l) - whence? from what place? +cuja (sp) - bedstead.
fizz - animal spirits or 'go'; an effervescing drink, esp. champagne
sot - one who commonly or habitually drinks to excess, a soaker + Old Sots' Hole - The Old Men's Home; also a chop-house which stood in a recess between Essex Bridge and the Custom House in Dublin, and which from the first years of the eighteenth century maintained the reputation of having the best ale and beef-stakes in the city +Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 93: (of old inns) '"The Old Sots' Hole" was at Essex Gate' (frequented by Swift).
liberty - a district of some british cities within which certain immunities are enjoyed.
ceol mor (kyol mor) (gael) - great music
league - an itinerary measure of distance, varying in different countries, but usually estimated roughly at about 3 miles.
Griffith, Arthur (1872-1922) - edited The United Irishman, founded Sinn Fein, was briefly president of the Free State.
site - the situation or position of a place, town, building, etc., esp. with reference to the surrounding district or locality.
Gladstone, William Ewart - statesman and four-time prime minister of Great Britain.
No man has a right to fix the boundary to the march of a nation (Parnell's dictum, which is carved below his statue in Dublin).
steward - an administrator and dispenser of wealth, favours, etc.; esp. one regarded as the servant of God or of the people.
peut-être (fr) - perhaps
diddler - [Of obscure origin. Found first in the name of 'Jeremy Diddler', the chief character in Kenney's farce, 'Raising the Wind', brought out in 1803. The name was of course intended to be contemptuous and ludicrous; it is also probable that Jeremy Diddler's characteristic methods of 'raising the wind', by continually borrowing small sums which he does not pay back, and otherwise sponging upon people, gave rise to the current sense of the verb, of which 'diddler' is now naturally viewed as the agent-noun] A mean swindler or cheat, one who diddles people out of what belongs to them +song Finnegan's Wake, chorus: 'Whack fol the dah'.
casual - occurring or brought about without design or premeditation, coming up or presenting itself 'as it chances'; In such phrases as casual labourer, one who does casual or occasional jobs, but has no fixed employment
variety - used as a collective to denote a number of things, qualities, etc., different or distinct in character; a varied assemblage.
to touch weekly insult (Cork phrase) - to get wages paid + (notebook 1923): 'weekly insult (wages)'.
phew - a vocal gesture expressing impatience, disgust, discomfort, or weariness +fuit (l) - it was.
fig - as a type of anything small, valueless, or contemptible + blabber - one who reveals secrets.
saith - say
stimulant - applied to alcoholic drinks (rare.)
gee (Slang) - vulva + 'g & g' - gin and ginger [(notebook 1923): 'g & g (gin and ginger)'] + J.J. and S. - John Jameson and Sons, Dublin whiskey.
stand - to bear the expense of, pay for (a treat)
stag - for man only
luncheon - Originally, a slight repast taken between two of the ordinary meal-times, esp. between breakfast and mid-day dinner.
flushed - suffused with red or ruddy colour; heated, excited
foster - to encourage, promote the development of
licensed premises - an establishment in which alcoholic beverages are consumed.
cap-in-hand - custom of uncovering the head (abridged to 'raising' or merely 'touching' the cap) in sign of reverence, respect, or courtesy.
executive - a person holding an executive position in a business organization; a person skilled in executive or administrative work.
in the rear (less freq. in rear) - in the hindmost part (of an army, etc.), behind
lips [(notebook 1924): 'wiped his lipes']
buachaillin (bukholin) (gael) - little boy; unmarried man
sinn fein - 'we ourselves' + sinn fein, sinn fein, amhain (shin fen shin fen awan) (gael) - ourselves, ourselves alone.
FDV:the world was the richer for a new halfpenny ballad first sung from the under the shadow of the monument of the dead legislator [to an audience overflow meeting [fully filling the visional area] representative of every section of the Irish people [ranging from slips of boys [with pocketed hands, ladychairs, [a few old souls obviously under the spell of liquor] & emergency men [in search of an honest crust]] to busy professional gentlemen.]]
ballader - a writer of ballads +ballader (Danish) - ballad-singer.
humanity - the human race; mankind; human beings collectively + cumann (kumun) (gael) - club, society.
lay - a short lyric or narrative poem intended to be sung (esp. by minstrels)
bogey - a bogle or goblin; a person much dreaded +bégayeur (fr) - stutterer.
avatar - the descent of a deity to the earth in an incarnate form
correctly - exactly, accurately, without error
luibin (lubin) (gael) - looplet, curl; pretty girl
follow my leader - a game in which each player must do what the leader does or pay forfeit + Lieder (ger) - songs.
riau (Provençal) - river basin
riot - to make a disturbance, to storm
col - a high pass in a mountain range + colo (Provençal) - mountain.
hump - to make humped or hump-shaped
legislator - one who makes laws (for a people or nation), a lawgiver + "The Shade of Parnell" (L'Ombre di...)
eleuthero - - free + eleutherios (g) - free-spirited, liberal.
song Woodman, Spare That Tree
overflow - such a quantity as runs over; excess, superfluity, superabundance
fulfill - to spread through the whole extent of; to pervade (obs.) + Joyce's note:'Divisional / area'
>MS 47471b-1v: overflow meeting ^+fully filling the visional area+^ | Oct 1923 |
singleminded - sincere in mind or spirit; honest, straightforward; simple-minded
whet = what
cross section - a typical or representative sample, group, etc.
pour - Of persons: To run or rush in a stream or crowd
brim - to fill to the brim
broach - to give vent or publicity to, to give out, to begin conversation or discussion about + broaching - introduction, mooting, origination of opinions.
(notebook 1924): 'Liffeyside'
mainland - that continuous body of land which includes the greater part of a country or territory, in contradistinction to the portions outlying as islands or peninsulas.
wayfare - to travel
in chief - chiefly, mainly
halted - brought to a stand
cockney - a derisive appellation for a townsman, as the type of effeminacy, in contrast to the hardier inhabitants of the country (obs.) + hackney coach - a carriage kept for hire.
quota - the part or share of a total which belongs, is given, or is due, to one.
hack - the driver of a hackney carriage; a prostitute, a bawd
Northern Whig - name under which Wolf Tone published "An Argument on Behalf of the Catholics of Ireland" +Northern Whig - Belfast newspaper, one of two papers to publish Joyce's letter of protest about his difficulties over the publication of 'Dubliners'.
chronicler - a writer of a chronicle, a recorder of events
Manchester Guardian (newspaper)
range - to vary within certain limits
slip - a young person (a slip of girl) [(notebook 1923): 'a slip of a boy']
cutpurse - pickpocket
videlicet - that is to say, namely, to wit
jumbo - huge + brick - a brick shaped block of any substance e.g. of ice-cream.
truant officer - a school attendance officer
three (golden) balls - the sign of a pawnbroker + woollen - woolen.
poplin - a mixed woven fabric, consisting of a silk warp and worsted weft, and having a corded surface.
croûte de pain (fr) - crust of bread
brace - a pair
palesman - an officer of a park charged with keeping the fences in repair + policeman
dundrearies - long flowing side whiskers
noon - to stop for a meal at noon + moving
O Dalaigh (o dali) (gael) - descendant of Dalach ("assemblist")
snipe - one or other of the limicoline birds of the genus Gallinago (formerly included in the Linnæan genus Scolopax), characterized by having a long straight bill, and by frequenting marshy places.
mallard - a wild drake or duck +(notebook 1922-23): 'mallard (wild duck)' → Irish Times 30 Dec 1922, 9/5: 'Bird Life in Dublin Bay': 'Of ducks that breed in Ireland, the wild duck or mallard is by far the most numerous'.
heath - bare, more or less flat, tract of land, naturally clothed with low herbage and dwarf shrubs.
sneer - a look or expression implying derision, contempt, or scorn; a disdainful or scornful remark or utterance.
chair - a light vehicle drawn by one horse; a chaise +(notebook 1924): 'Sedan chair Hume St disappears 1841' → Freeman's Journal 21 Feb 1924, 8/5: 'By the Way... The Sedan Chair': 'on the question of the introduction of taxis for hire on Dublin streets... as late as ninety years ago Sedan chairs were to be seen in the city. Of the last two to be exposed for hire, one was located at the Rotunda, and the other at the corner of Hume street. The first-mentioned did not disappear until 1841'.
bearer - one who carries or conveys; a carrier, a porter; one who brings a letter, a verbal message, tidings, rumours, etc.
bait - to make a brief halt, to stop for food and drink
homeling - a home-born inhabitant; a native + amalach (omalokh) (gael) - curled + amalog (omalog) (gael) - simpleton + Hammel (ger) - mutton.
Mosse, Bartholomew - 18th-century Dublin doctor, built the Rotunda Hospital.
oblate father - a member of a congregation of secular priests + oblate - one who has devoted himself and his property to the service of a monastery in which he lives as a lay brother.
skinner - one that deals in skins; one that swindles or cheats
bricklayer - one who lays the bricks in building
Fleming - a native or inhabitant of Flanders
tabinet - a silk fabric similar to poplin
fumant - emmiting vapour or smoke
hammersmith - a smith who works with a hammer
chiseller - one that chisels; child, boy
bout - a contest or match
cudgel play - a fighting or sporting contest with cudgels +Hughes: The Pre-Victorian Drama in Dublin 2: 'The impression left by Shirley's prologues is that bear-baiting and cudgel-playing were more to the taste of our ancestors than plays'.
braxy - a malignant sheep disease, foot and mouth disease
bluecoat - policeman
broke - broken, peniless
gent - man, fellow, guy
Simpson's - Thom's, 1907, Dublin Annals say that the hospital for decayed citizens' children, commonly called the Blue Coat Hospital, was founded in 1670 [James Joyce: Ulysses.17.1945: 'Simpson's Hospital for reduced but respectable men permanently disabled by gout or want of sight']. Plus, Mr Wilder says, Simpson's in the Strand, London restaurant.
on the rocks - quite destitute of means
portly - large and bulky in person; stout, corpulent
pert - lively; brisk, sprightly; in good spirits, cheerful, 'jolly'
tass - a cup or small goblet, esp. one of silver or the like; the contents of this; a small draught of liquor.
shrub - a prepared drink made with the juice of orange or lemon (or other acid fruit), sugar, and rum (or other spirit) +Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 155: (quoting an old advertisement) 'all kinds of sugar, teas, the very best and freshest, for sale, and also Turkey coffee and right good Orange shrub'.
tickey - threepence
Peter Pan - used allusively for an immature adult (usu. a man); one who is emotionally (occas. physically) retarded.
Paul Pry - meddlesome hero of the comedy Paul Pry, an excessively inquisitive person.
RICHARD ATKINSON AND CO - 31 College Green; tabinet and poplin manufacturers.
hell's delights - pandemonium
blain - a blister, botch, pustule
annuitant - one who holds, or is in receipt of, an annuity (a yearly grant, allowance, or income; the grant of an annual sum of money, for a term of years, for life, or in perpetuity) [Joyce's note:'annuitant'].
acorn - fruit generally
deuce - the two at dice or cards; bad luck, plague, mischief
Diana - an ancient Italian female divinity, the moon-goddess, patroness of virginity and of hunting; virgin, unsullied.
particularist - an adherant of a theological doctrine that redemption through Christ is provided only for the elect.
prebendary - the holder of a prebend (the portion of the revenues of a cathedral or collegiate church granted to a canon or member of the chapter as his stipend).
tonsure - the shaving of the head or part of it as a religious practice or rite, esp. as a preparation to entering the priesthood or a monastic order.
Uniate - a Russian, Polish, or other member of that part of the Greek Church which, while retaining its own liturgy, acknowledges the supremacy of the Pope and is in communion with the Roman Catholic Church +(notebook 1922-23): 'Greek uniates'.
plunk - to plump, to drop down abruptly
lappet head - a head dress provided with lappets (streamers attached to a lady's headdress) +Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 156: 'Under "The Lace Lappet", in Cappel Street, could be inspected the newest style in "Lace Lappet Heads", and every kind of Point, Mechlin, and Brussels lace "that can be desired"'.
juiced - drunk
take the pledge - to promise to drink no more alcohol
uncle's (Slang) - pawnshop
tarry - spending or loss of time; delay, procrastination +song The Wake of Teddy the Tiler.
flagon - a large bottle for holding wine or other liquors, a large vessel containing a supply of drink for use at table; now esp. one with a handle and spout, and usually a lid.
commodore - Naval. An officer in command, ranking above captain and below rear-admiral; 'the senior captain, when three or more ships of war are cruising in company'; a like officer in a fleet of merchantmen + plumo (Provençal) - pen + drole (Provençal) - young boy.
weaver - a workman or workwoman whose occupation is weaving + WEAVERS' ALMSHOUSE - Recte Townsend Street Asylum, founded by weavers from the Liberties; it was in the center of the Coombe + Weaver, Harriet Shaw (1876-1961) - Englishwoman, Joyce's literary executor, publisher of Portrait of the Artist. Miss Weaver was also Joyce's patron, his mother hen in fact and in FW. She wrote on Time, was strongly teetotal, suffragette, and a member of the Communist Party. Her money came from a hard-driving forebea - a Lancashire cottonspinner; I fancy it seemed to hen "dirty" money like the slum landlord's money in Shaw's Widower's Houses. In FW Joyce mocks himself as a man kept by women - Harriet Weaver and Penelope-Molly Bloom, the clou of Ulysses - see 43.18; but he also dreamt of himself (Letters I, 261) in an oriental bazaar, a "carpetweaver" who ravels up the many-colored strands of Work in Progress (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).
almshouse - a house founded by private charity, for the reception and support of the (usually aged) poor.
petticoat - a skirt as distinguished from a bodice, worn either externally, or beneath the gown or frock as part of the costume, and trimmed or ornamented + Ross, Betsy (1752-1836) - a note in Buffalo Workbook #17 indicates that the U.S. flag was made (?by her) from her petticoat +Joyce's parody of song 'Pretty Molly Brannigan' (after having a dream in which Molly Bloom rejects Leopold and Joyce): 'But if I cling like a child to the clouds that are your petticoats' (Gorman: James Joyce 283; Ellmann: James Joyce 550).
curate - any ecclesiastic (including a bishop, etc.) who has the spiritual charge of a body of laymen +curio (l) - priest.
O'Leary, Caoch - subject of a poem, "Caoch the Piper," by John Keegan (1809-49). Caoch is a blind old piper who outlives his friends.
wararrow - an arrow split into segments which are sent out by a chief as a call to arms +(notebook 1924): 'wararrow sent round' → Lawless: The Story of Ireland 67: (of the Battle of Clontarf) 'The War-arrow had been industriously sent round to all the neighbouring shores, peopled largely at that time with men of Norse blood'.
Thomas Osbourne Davis: song A Nation Once Again
Félibrian - relating to the Félibres (Provençalliterary brotherhood or school of poets founded by Frédéric Mistral in 1854), or to the Provençal literature produced by them.
trankope (l+g) - (modeled on synkope) a cutting accross, cutting up into small pieces, cutting short.
metre - any specific form of poetic rhythm
affectioned - inclined (in any way), well affected
taiocebo (Provençal) - earwig
casudo(Provençal) - fall + Poulichinello (Provençal) - Punchinello + atahut (Provençal) - bier, coffin.
stampede - Of a herd of cattle: To become panic-stricken and take to flight.
slip - a piece of paper or parchment, esp. one which is narrow in proportion to its length + FDV:This on a slip of blue paper headed by a woodcut soon fluttered on highway & byway to the rose of the winds from lane to lattice and from mouth to ear, throughout the 5 corners of the land of Ireland, and round the land his rann it ran and this is the rann that Hosty made:
blanco - a white preparation for whitening accoutrements + White, Blanco (d. 1841) - Roman Catholic priest of Spanish-Irish descent who left the church, became an Anglican clergyman, went to live with Archbishop Whateley in Dublin, left Anglicanism for Unitarianism + vide (fr) - empty.
headed - furnished with a heading, written or printed
rough and ready - not elaborately or carefully contrived or finished, just good enough to serve the purpose.
woodcut - a design cut in relief on a block of wood, for printing from; a print or impression obtained from this.
Irish Statesman 2 Feb 1924, 664/1: 'Gossip of an Irish Book Lover': 'the persistent tale that a secret press existed at Dean Delaney's, Delville, Glasnevin, for the printing of the numerous pamphlets issued by Swift when at war with the government of his day' [(notebook 1924): 'Swift - Delville'].
byway - side road
rose of the winds - a diagram indicating the frequency, force, etc. of the winds at some given place.
archway - an arched or vaulted passage
lattice - a structure made of laths, or of wood or metal crossed and fastened together, with open spaces left between; used as a screen, e.g. in window openings and the like; a window, gate, screen, etc. so constructed.
black hand - a lawless secret society practicing terrorism, extortion, etc.
cuige (kuige) (gael) - one-fifth, province (anciently there were five provinces, now only four) +Puss in the Corner - children's game in which four individuals occupying the four corners of a room try to run from one corner to another while the fifth, the 'puss', on the alert in the centre, tries to rush in to claim a vacated space, so leaving the dispossessed person in the middle as a new 'puss'.
scotia - a hollow moulding; darkeness (so called from the dark shadow within the cavity) + Scotian - of or belonging to Scotland + Scotia Picta (l) - Painted Scotia (Ireland, later Scotland) + Scotia Pictorum (l) - Scotia of the Picts (Scotland) +(notebook 1923): 'United States of Asia'.
Pict - one of an ancient people of disputed origin and ethnological affinities, who formerly inhabited parts of north Britain. According to the chroniclers the Pictish kingdom was united with the Scottish under Kenneth MacAlpine in 843, and the name of the Picts as a distinct people gradually disappeared. In Scottish folk-lore, the Pechts are often represented as a dark pygmy race, or an underground people; and sometimes identified with elves, brownies, or fairies.
strain - a musical sequence of sounds, a melody, tune
peaceful +silent flute (Slang) - penis.
uncrowned king - a man exerting autocratic influence over a specified sphere; a dominant man.
instruments +screw (Slang) - to fuck.
PIGOTT AND CO. - Music and Pianoforte Warehouse, 112 Grafton Street, around the turn of the century.
cielo (it) - sky
liuto (it) - lute
Delaney, Patrick - the Phoenix Park assassin who testified against Parnell at the Parnell Commission.
downpour - a pouring down; esp. a heavy, continuous fall (of rain, etc.)
plaudit - an act of applauding; a round of applause
rapsodist - a collector of literary pieces (obs.); a reciter of poems
pipe - to play (a tune, music) upon a pipe
soort (Dutch) - sort, kind
Percival, Parsifal - Grail knight, subject of a Wagnerian opera +(notebook 1924): 'namesakes are like'.
sput - to urge, incite; p. of spit + sput- (ger) - hurry.
snowy - snowwhite +song The Snowy-breasted Pearl.
song A Wild Mountain Air
ductor - a leader, the leader of a band of music
fezzy - furnished with or wearing a fez
fuzz - a mass of fine, light, fluffy particles; the beard of an adolescent boy.
bludgeon - a short stout stick or club, with one end loaded or thicker and heavier than the other, used as a weapon.
signum - sign, signature
silentium in curia (l) - silence in the court
maypole - a tall pole in an open place and wreathed with flowers forming a center for may day sports.
canto - a song, ballad (obs.); one of the major divisions of a long poem.
chorussed - singed in chorus
christen - baptize, to give a name to
tollgate - a point where vehicles pause to pay toll
Annona (l) - goddess; personified yearly produce
rann - a stanza of a song, a verse + rann (ron) (gael) - verse, stanza, quatrain.
rann (ger) - flowed
buachaill (bukhel) (gael) - boy
caile (kalyi) (gael) - girl, wench
vier (German, Dutch) - four
stoney = stony
mote = moot - to argue, to plead, to discuss, dispute, esp. in a law case.
Mike - an Irishman; a Roman Catoholic
dub - to name, style, nickname
llyn - a lake or pool in Wales + O Fhlainn (o lin) (gael) - descendant of Flann ("Ruddy"); anglic. Lynn +llyn (Welsh) - lake, pond.
Fionn (fin) (gael) - fair
Lug on Lugh (known as Lamhfada or "long armed," and as Lugaid) - Gaelic sungod.
bog (bug) (gael) - soft + bog (sr) - god.
Dunlop, Daniel - the Dunlop of Ulysses (183), president of the Dublin Theosophical Society when AE was vice-president, founder of the British Anthropological Society + Mac Duinnshleibhe (mok dunlevi) (gael)- son of Donnshleibhe ("Brown of the Mountain"); anglic. Dunlop, etc.
lex - law
apt - to make fit, adapt (to), prepare suitably (for)
Art (art) (gael) - stone; bear +arth (Welsh) - bear.
coll (kol) (gael) - hazel tree; letter C
noll - head
parse - to describe (a word in a sentence) grammatically, by stating the part of speech, inflexion, and relation to the rest of the sentence +song I'll Name the Boy Dennis, or No Name at All.
arrah - exp. of surprise or excitement
frosty - affected with or characterized by frost; reduced to a temperature at or below freezing-point; ice-cold + FDV:Sure leave it to Hosty, frosty fiddler, leave it to Hosty he's the man to ran run the rann, the wran of all ranns.
rann (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - wren + Irish children used to carry a dead wren on a stick from door to door collecting money on Saint Stephen's Day (26 December); James Joyce, Ulysses (15): (BLOOM’S BOYS): 'The wren, the wren, / The king of all birds, / Saint Stephen's his day, / Was caught in the furze'.
ha - have
han't - have not, has not
brum - to murmur, hum
clip clop - imitations of sounds of alternating rhythm
Joyce's note: 'glass crash' → Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 16: 'Glass Crash. -- A quantity of broken glass emptied from a bucket on to a piece of sheet iron used to give the illusion of breaking glass'
Klatsch (ger) - applaud
greadadh (gradu) (gael) - clapping
+ audite! (l) - hear!, listen! (plural).
Luigi Arditi: 19th century Italian conductor and composer, based in London but touring worldwide, including Dublin (Fitzpatrick: Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account 267: 'the veteran conductor Signor Arditi was as well known in Dublin as the Nelson Pillar'; his picture appears on Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 14).
musique (fr) - music + cue - humour, disposition, mood, frame of mind (proper to any action) +Joyce's note: 'Music Cue' → Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 19: 'Music Cue. -- A note on the prompt copy of a play to indicate where music is to be used either on the stage or in the orchestra'.
Perce-oreille, French "earwig" + FDV:Have you heard of a one Humptydumpty / How he fell with a roll and a rumble / And hifat lay low like old Oliver Crumple / Behind Aback By the back of the magazine wall / of the the magazine wall // I'm afraid I'll go bail my dairyman darling / Like the / All your butter / I'll go bail like the bull of the Cow / All your butter is / in your horn // He was one time the our King of our the castle / Now he's kicked about like any old parsnip / And from Green street by order of his His Worship / He'll be shipped sent to the jail of Mountjoy / To The the jail of Mountjoy. / Jail him and joy // He had schemes in his head for to bother us / Stage coaches & wealth parks for the populace / Cow's Mare's milk for the sick, seven Sundays a week, / Openair love & prisons religious reform / & prisons reform / hideous in form // But Arrah why then, says you, couldn't he manage it. / I'll go bail, my big dairyman darling / Like the limping bumping bull of the Cassidy's / All your butter is in your / His butter is in his Horns horns / Butter his horns // Sure leave it to Hosty, frosty fiddler, leave it to Hosty he's the man / to ran run the rann, the wran of all ranns. // He was strolling around the / It was in this zoological garden / He was strolling around by the monument / Poor old humpty humpedy Hippopotamus hippopotamus / When he they opened the backdoor of the omnibus / He And they caught his death of fusiliers / His death of fusiliers / And he'll lose his ears // But wait / Tis a great sore pity, so it is, for missus ____ & his three little children / But wait till look out for his missus legitimate / When she gets a grip of old Earwicker / There'll Won't there be earwigs on the green? / Big earwigs on the green / Then we'll have a grand celebration band & mass meeting / For to sod the bold son scandinavian / And we'll bury him down, / in Oxmanstown / Where he'll (The first draft of the "Rann" ends here)
humpty dumpty - something that once damaged can never be repaired; egg shaped character who fell from a wall and broke into bits.
roll - a loud, reverberating peal; a continuous reverberation
to curl up - to collapse
crumple - a crushed fold or wrinkle produced by compression; to become incurved or crushed together + crumpleback - crook-back.
butt - a terminal point; a hillock, mound; promontory
THE CASTLE - Dublin Castle, was first built on the site of an early Danish fortress by Henry de Londres; Until 1921, the Castle was the official residence of Lords Lieutenant, the highquarters of British administration, and the hated symbol of British rule +Children’s game: 'I'm the king of the castle, Get down you dirty rascal' (English rhyming game, in which a player jumps on top of sand castle and then the player who pulls him down becomes the new king).
parsnip - a biennial umbelliferous plant (Pastinaca sativa), a native of Europe and part of Asia, having pinnate leaves, yellow flowers, and a pale yellow root.
MOUNTJOY - Prison, between NCR and Royal Canal, East of Phibsborough Road.
slow coach - one who acts, works or moves slowly; a slow, idle or indolent person.
openair - outdoor
hideous - terrible, distressing, or revolting to the moral sense; abominable, detestable, odious.
Leader 11 Nov 1922, 327/1: 'Our Ladies' Letter': 'You heard - or did you - Mary Rose of the bog was married. He's a general or something... How did they manage it, says you' + (notebook 1922-23): 'How did they manage it, says you'.
I will go bail - I am certain
dairyman - one who operates dairy farm
bumping - huge, great; 'thumping'
Roberts: The Proverbs of Wales 59: 'The butter is in the cow's horns (that is, when she gives no milk)'.
Pearce: Sims Reeves, Fifty Years of Music in England 93n: (of Hector Berlioz) 'On one occasion at rehearsal the harps with their cases were put together to enclose a small space wherein he could change his shirt, the operation being necessary in consequence of his intense exertions'.
balbuties - stammering, stuttering; lisping +balbo (it) - stuttering + -accio (it) - (pejorative) + -uccio (it) - (diminutive).
chow-chow chop -the last boat-load of sundry small packages sent down to a cargo-ship to complete her loading.
chicken pox - the common name for Varicella, a mild eruptive disease, bearing some resemblance to small-pox, and chiefly attacking children.
chamber - chamber pot
soft soap - to soothe or persuade with flattery or blarney →soft-soaping (Colloquial) - flattering.
small wonder - it is not very surprising
e'erawan (Anglo-Irish) - anyone
take the floor - to get up to address a meeting, to take part in a debate.
bucketshop - a retailer of 'cut-price' goods, aiming to undercut the market by working outside the official system.
premises - a house or building with its grounds or other appurtenances.
sumptuous - Of buildings: Made or produced at great cost; costly and (hence) magnificent in workmanship, construction, decoration, etc.
bonfire - to make bonfires
trash - anything of little or no worth or value, worthless stuff, rubbish.
trumpery - 'Something of less value than it seems', worthless stuff, trash, rubbish +trash and trumpery (Slang) - rubbish.
(notebook 1922-23): ''tis short now till' → Leader 11 Nov 1922, 327/2: 'Our Ladies' Letter': 'Like that, I suppose 'tis short now till we'll have women labourers in the Government'.
Clancy, Sheriff - Long John Clancy, mentioned in Ulysses as then-sheriff of Dublin + Mac Fhlannchadha (moklonkhu) (gael) - son of Flannchadh ("ruddy-warrio").
to wind up - to end, end up
unlimited company - a company in which liability of members is not limited.
bum - to hum loudly, to boom; to drink; to beg, to act as a bum
wash - Of waves: To sweep over a surface, to break or surge against (the shore, etc.)
hooker - a two-masted Dutch coasting or fishing vessel; ship (depreciatively or fondly).
man of war - a vessel equipped for warfare; an armed ship belonging to the recognized navy of a country; a boy's garment resembling that worn by a sailor, a sailor suit.
bar - a bank of sand, silt, etc., across the mouth of a river or harbour, which obstructs navigation.
POOLBEG - Deep anchorage (Irish, "the little hole") in Dublin Bay beyond the Pigeonhouse. The Poolbeg lighthouse is at the end of the South Wall. Before the lighthouse, a Poolbeg lightship marked the anchorage.
donnez-moi (fr) - give me
scampi (it) - prawns
bambini (it) - children, babies
Fingal - Finn's name in Macpherson's Ossian poems. Fingal is a Scottish hero who comes to Ireland and fights the Danes. The Irish called certain Norse invaders, fingal or fingall, meaning "fair stranger."
mac (mok) (gael) - son [of]
Oscar (usker) (gael) - "Combatant"; son of Oisin son of Fionn Mac Cumhail.
Saint Onesimus - a runaway slave emancipated and converted to Christianity by Saint Paul while the latter was imprisoned in Rome (Philemon 1:10, Colossians 4:9; the name derives from Greek onesimos: useful, helpful; spelled Onesime in French).
bargearse (Slang) - a person with a round behind
Boniface - the name of the jovial innkeeper in Farquhar's Beaux' Stratagem 1707; whence taken as the generic proper name of innkeepers; 'mine host', or 'the landlord' of the inn.
min - mine
gammel (Danish) - old, ancient + gammal (Hebrew) - camel.
moniker - a name, a nick-name
Og - king of Bashan, a giant (Joshua, XII, 4) +og (Danish) - and.
cod - A slang appellation applied to persons, a codger
camel - a great awkward hulking fellow
pump - to pour forth (with pump), to raise or move water by means of a pump.
heavyweight - one above average weight
general (Colloquial) - general servant, maid-of-all-work
Waterloo + loo - love.
highheaded - carrying the head high; proud, arrogant + hay - grass cut or mown, and dried for use as fodder.
begob - a mild oath (by God)
antediluvial - applied by Buckland to geological formations older than the 'diluvial' (then attributed to the Noachian deluge).
messrs - pl. of mr.
to bill and coo - to interchange caresses (Said of doves; also of demonstrative lovers).
Noah's Ark - the ark in which Noah and his family, with many animals, were saved from the Flood.
noo - now + new
joult - to ride with constant jolts; Of a vehicle: to move along with succession of jolts +joult (Anglo-Irish) - journey.
hippopotamus - a pachydermatous quadruped, the African river-horse, Hippopotamus amphibius, a very large beast with a thick heavy hairless body, large muzzle and tusks, and short legs, inhabiting the African rivers, lakes, and estuaries.
bugger - a worthless person, guy, fellow, rogue, rascal
let down - to lower (a drawbridge, portcullis, steps of a carriage, etc.)
trap - a ladder or movable flight of steps leading to a loft or the like +(notebook 1923): 'trap of cab' → O. Henry: The Four Million 134: 'Mammon and the Archer': 'They whirled up Forty-second to Broadway... At Thirty-fourth Street young Richard quickly thrust up the trap and ordered the cabman to stop'.
omnibus - a four-wheeled public vehicle for carrying passengers, with the inside seats extending along the sides, and the entrance at the rear, and with or without seats on the roof.
to catch one's death of - to get, receive, incur (something injurious or unpleasant).
rent - the result of rending or tearing apart; esp. a large tear in a garment.
rear - the buttocks or backside
missus - wife
legitimate - authorized by law or right, lawful, proper
frow - a woman, a wife
wigs on the green - sharp altercation, coming to blows (wigs being liable to fall or be pulled off in a fray).
suffoco (l) - to suffocate + Sophocles - Athenian tragedian 496-406 B.C.
The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. IV, 'Buddha', 737c: 'Buddha... was the son of Suddhodana, one of the chiefs of the tribe of the Sakiyas, one of the republican clans then still existent in India'
free trade - an open and unrestricted trade
mass meeting - a large assembly of the people to be addressed on some public occasion (usually political).
sod - to cover with sod +sod (Slang) - bugger.
OXMANTOWN - When the Anglo-Normans took over Dublin after 1170, the Danish inhabitants were relegated to the area North of the Liffey, caded villa Ostmannorum. The "town of the Ostmen," is corrupted to "Oxmantown".
king's man - a partisan of the king, a royalist + 'Not all the king's horses and all the king's men Could [can] set [put] Humpty Dumpty up again' - nursery rime or riddle of Humpty Dumpty + REFERENCE
resurrect - to raise (a person) from the dead or from the grave
corpus - the body of a man
Connacht - province in Ireland
raise cain - to make noise or trouble esp. by complaining or arguing