marl - a kind of soil consisting principally of clay mixed with carbonate of lime, forming a loose unconsolidated mass, valuable as a fertilizer.
turnpike - a barrier placed across a road to stop passage till the toll is paid; a toll-gate; Hist. A spiked barrier fixed in or across a road or passage, as a defence against sudden attack, esp. of men on horseback + TURNPIKE - The Dublin turnpike system was introduced in the reign of George II. An 1821 map shows 10 Dublin turnpikes, almost all located on the North Circular Road and South Cicrcular Road at the crossing of main roads. The turnpike in Chapelizod was just East of the Phoenix Tavern (where the Mullingar House now stands) at the curve of the Dublin road to the bridge. It is described on the 1st page of Le Fanu's House by the Churchyard. The Dublin-Mullingar road was a turnpike road until 1853.
fixed - stationary, permanently placed
perch - a pole, rod, stick, or stake, used for various purposes, e.g. for a weapon, a prop, etc.
flower pot - a vessel, most commonly of red earthenware and slightly tapering downwards, to contain soil in which flowers may be planted.
earthside - earthward side or aspect
hoist - to raise aloft; to set or put up; to place on high
feign - to make a show of, put on an appearance of, put on, pretend, simulate, sham.
noticeably - remarkably
in fact - in reality
yon - that
causeway - a highway; usually a paved way, such as existed before the introduction of macadamization.
potholed - having a pot holes (a deep hole of more or less cylindrical shape).
to put (one) wise (to) - to inform one (of), enlighten one (concerning) + (notebook 1923): 'put me wise'.
paternoster - to fish with paternoster; a line used in fishing, to which hooks or groups of hooks are attached at intervals, and also weights to sink it; lord's prayer (our father) + (notebook 1923): 'paternoster (bait)' → A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Bognor 12: 'Fishing with "Paternoster" is recommended from the Pier, as various depths of the bait will suit the habits of different fish'.
silver doctor - an artificial fishing fly
fancied - artistically designed
lobster trap - a basket or similar structure serving as a trap to catch lobsters + A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Bognor 21: 'Wicker Traps, or "Pots," in which lobsters, crabs and prawns are taken'.
blunt - abrupt of speech or manner; plain-spoken; curt; without delicacy; unceremonious.
harom (Hungarian) - three
naw - no
yer - your
magger - maggot + majesty
aw - awe; owe; ought + I
jist - just
cotch - catch
thon - that + ton (ton) (gael) - bottom, arse.
bluggy - bloody
earwig - an insect, Forficula auricularia, so called from the notion that it penetrates into the head through the ear.
William IV, "The Sailor King" (1765-1837) - king of England.
drain - to drink (a liquid) off or to the last drops
gugglet = guglet - a long necked water vessel of earthware [Joyce's note: 'gugglet of water']
adam's ale - water
Gift (ger) - poison
corban - among the ancient Hebrews, an offering given to God, esp. in performance of a vow + gorb (Anglo-Irish) - ravenous eater, glutton (from Irish: gorb) + gorban (Ruthenian) - hunchback.
walrus moustache - a large moustache which overhangs the lips (thus resembling the whiskers of a walrus) + Joyce's note: 'walrus'.
genial - sympathetically cheerful, jovial, kindly; of or pertaining to genius
conk - nose, head, to knock + William I, "The Conqueror" (1028-87) - Norman duke who defeated Harold at Hastings, 1066, and became king of England. He did not himself mess with Ireland, but his descendants, the Anglo-Normans, ravaged Ireland in Henry II's time, and William III ravaged, too. I think all the English King Williams merge into William the Conk on FW 31 and stay merged (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + Joyce's note: 'William the Conk' → Sunday Pictorial 29 Oct 1922, 9/1: 'Review of "The Nine O'Clock Revue" at the Little': 'Who can resist Beatrice Lillie? I can't. Hear her sing her ancestry in "William the Conk!" with moustache and bowler hat'.
spindle side - the female line of descent
lock - one of the portions into which a head of hair, a beard, etc., naturally divides itself.
great aunt - the aunt of one's father or mother
sophy - a wise man, sage
retinue - a number or company of persons retained in the service of some one, or attached to and following one, esp. a sovereign, noble, or person in authority; a train or suite.
galloglass - one of a particular class of soldiers or retainers formerly maintained by Irish chiefs.
etheling = atheling - a member of a noble family, a prince, lord, baron
Leix - county in Ireland
Offaly - county in Ireland, Leinster province + FDV: turned towards two gunmen of his retinue, the lord of Offaly and the mayor of Waterford (the second gun being syndic of Drogheda according to a later version cited by the learned Kanavan).
jubilee - the fiftieth anniversary of an event; the celebration of the completion of fifty years of reign.
scattergun - a shot gun [Joyce's note: 'scattergun'] + (notebook 1922-23): '2 guns (2 men)' → Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 274: 'Reynard the Fox': 'rabbiting in one of his own woods with a couple of companions - quite an informal party, just the two guns and a dog'.
manning - the act of supplying man
proto - - first in time, earliest, original + syndic - an officer of government having different powers in different countries; a civil magistrate, or one of several such, entrusted with the affairs of a city or community.
Waterford - city in SE Ireland
excellency - title of honour, eminence( title of honour, now borne only by Cardinals) + (notebook 1923): 'an Italian Excellency'.
giubilei (it) - jubilees
cite - to quote
scholarch - the head or ruler of a school; spec. The leader of an Athenian school of philosophy + Joyce's note: 'save perhaps scholarchs'.
Cluain maca Nois (klun moko nosh) (gael) - Meadow of the sons of Nos (monastic settlement); anglic. Clonmaknoise.
typical + triptych - a picture or carving (or set of three such) in three compartments side by side.
puritas (l) - purity
doctrina (l) - teaching
business as usual - things proceeding normally in spite of disturbing circumstances.
hemlock - the common name of Conium maculatum, a poisonous umbelliferous plant, having a stout branched stem with purplish spots, finely divided leaves, and small white flowers; it is used medicinally as a powerful sedative.
preti (it) - priests + praties (Anglo-Irish) - potatoes (from Irish: prátai) + song The Garden Where the Praties Grow.
Joyce's note: dilsy dulsy office (MS 47472-98, LMA: and ^+dilsydulsily+^ remarked: Holybones | JJA 45:005 | late Aug-Sep 1923 | )
(notebook 1922-23): 'holy bones!'
William II or William Rufus (1056-1100) - king of England and a villain. William Rufus stuttered, and was killed + (notebook 1922-23): 'red mother' + Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 270: 'Reynard the Fox': 'Particularly when studying cubs... is one liable to encounter disappointment... For, should the red mother's suspicion once be aroused, all is over'.
audibly - in audible manner, aloud
fume - to give
way to or exhibit anger or irritation + FDV: Holybones, How our of
Burgundy would fume did he know that he have
trusty vassal who is a turnpiker who is also an
for sure - for certain, undoubtedly + trusty - trustworthy, that may be trusted upon.
bailiwick - the office or jurisdiction of a bailiff
turnpike - to erect turnpikes on (a road)
by turns - time after time, turn after turn
seldom - not often, rarely + other
kin - a group of persons descended from a common ancestor + kennt (ger) - knows.
Peel, John - English hunting song. His "View Halloo would waken the dead" + REFERENCE
haunt - habit, wont, custom
crusted - covered with a crust, hardened on the surface
cheery - abounding in cheerfulness, lively
roadside - the side of the road
Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1903), 352: 'Holmpatrick, Baron... (Son of... Victoria, dau. of late Maj. Gen'l Lord Charles Wellesly, M.P. and sister of the 3rd Duke of Wellington). Res. Abbotstown House, Castleknock, Dublin' + holm (Middle English) - holly.
amusive - deceitful, illusive; affording pleasing entertainment + proverb A rolling stone gathers no moss.
Gladstone + clad - p.p. od clothe.
nomination - the action of naming, specifying, or appointing + nomen gentile (l) - clan name; second of the three names borne by freeborn Romans.
bourn - stream, rivulet; goal destination; boundary, limit; domain.
accolated - wreathed, conjoined, united + accolade - technical name of the salutation marking the bestowal of knighthood, applied at different times to an embrace, a kiss, and a slap on the shoulders with the flat blade of a sword.
collateral - placed side by side, parallel, coordinate
anthropomorphic - having a human form, described in a human form or with human attributes.
narrative - story, narration
fata (l) - destiny + fata (Rumanian) - face.
sibylline - rel. to Sibyl; prophetic, mysterious, cryptic
fas (l) - law, right, possible + phrase read between the lines.
nefas (l) - sin, wrong, impossible + fas et nefas (l) - destiny and counter-destiny; law and crime.