flagrant - blazing, burning, flaming + fragrant.

marl - a kind of soil consisting principally of clay mixed with carbonate of lime, forming a loose unconsolidated mass, valuable as a fertilizer

turnpike - a toll-gate + The Dublin turnpike system was introduced in the reign of George II. An 1821 map shows 10 Dublin turnpikes, almost all located on the North Circular Road and South Cicrcular Road at the crossing of main roads. The turnpike in Chapelizod was just East of the Phoenix Tavern (where the Mullingar House now stands) at the curve of the Dublin road to the bridge. It is described on the 1st page of Le Fanu's House by the Churchyard. The Dublin-Mullingar road was a turnpike road until 1853. 

fixed - stationary, permanently placed + FDV: holding aloft among the fixed bayonets pikes [of the royal hunting party] a long perch atop of which a flowerpot was affixed.

perch - a pole, rod, stick, or stake, used for various purposes, e.g. for a weapon, a prop, etc. + REFERENCE

flower pot - a vessel, most commonly of red earthenware and slightly tapering downwards, to contain soil in which flowers may be planted

earthside - earthward side or aspect + Earwigs like dark, humid places. They are easy to trap. Place an inverted flowerpot stuffed with newspaper or peat moss and prop it on a stick. The morning after you set your traps, shake the captured earwigs into some hot water to kill them.

hoist - to raise aloft, to place on high + 'this side up with care' - notice on a box or a package.

feign - to make a show of, put on an appearance of, pretend, simulate

Majesty = JFX Reserved Coppinger (Joyce's list of characters in I.2)  

noticeably - remarkably + FDV: On his majesty, who was rather noticeably longsighted from his early youth, inquiring whether he had been engaged in lobstertrapping honest Humphrey bluntly answered very similarly: 'No, my liege, I was only a cotching of them bluggy earwigs'.  

in fact - in reality + cause and effect.

yon - that

causeway - a highway; usually a paved way, such as existed before the introduction of macadamization

potholed - having a pot holes (PICTURE)

put (one) wise (to) - to inform one (of) + (notebook 1923): 'put me wise' → O. Henry: The Four Million 234: 'By Courier': 'Den he's goin' to shoot snow-birds in de Klondike. He says yer told him not to send 'round no more pink notes nor come hangin' over de garden gate, and he takes dis means of puttin' yer wise'.

paternoster - to fish with paternoster; a line used in fishing, to which hooks or groups of hooks are attached at intervals, and also weights to sink it; lord's prayer (our father) + (notebook 1923): 'paternoster (bait)' A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Bognor 12: 'Fishing with "Paternoster" is recommended from the Pier, as various depths of the bait will suit the habits of different fish'.

silver doctor - an artificial fishing fly

fancied - artistically designed + {the king asks about fishing as thinks he is holding a fishing rod}

lobster trap - a basket or similar structure serving as a trap to catch lobsters + A Pictorial & Descriptive Guide to Bognor &c. Bognor 21: 'Wicker Traps, or "Pots," in which lobsters, crabs and prawns are taken'.

blunt - abrupt of speech or manner, plain-spoken

harom (Hungarian) - three + Harold and Humphrey.

fearless forehead (Joyce's note) → Fitzpatrick: Ireland and the Making of Britain 48: (citing Eriugena) '"I am not so browbeaten by authority nor so fearful of the assault of less able minds as to be afraid to utter with fearless forehead what true reason clearly determines and indubitably demonstrates"'.

naw - no

yer - your

magger - maggot + majesty + The Letter: well Maggy/Madge/Majesty.

aw - awe; owe; ought + I

jist - just

cotch - catch

thon - that + ton (ton) (gael) - bottom, arse.

bluggy - bloody

earwig - an insect, Forficula auricularia, so called from the notion that it penetrates into the head through the ear

William IV, "The Sailor King" (1765-1837) - king of England + Joyce's note: 'our sailor king'.

drain - to drink (a liquid) off or to the last drops

gugglet = guglet - a long necked water vessel of earthware + Joyce's note: 'gugglet of water' The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, vol. I, 35: The Third Shaykh's Story: 'she rose and came hurriedly at me with a gugglet of water; and, muttering spells over it, she besprinkled me... and I became on the instant a dog' (glossed in a footnote: 'wide-mouthed jug... They are used either for water or sherbet and, being made of porous clay, "sweat," and keep the contents cool').

adam's ale - water + FDV: The king who held a draught of obvious water in his hand upon this smiled heartily beneath his walrus moustaches and, giving way to that none too genial humour which he William the Conk had inherited from his great aunt Sophy, turned towards two gunmen of his retinue, the lord of Offaly and the mayor of Waterford (the second gun being syndic of Drogheda according to a later version cited by the learned Kanavan) remarking 'Holybones, How our brother of Burgundy would fume did he know that he have this for trusty vassal who is a turnpiker who is also an earwicker'.  

Gift (ger) - poison

corban - among the ancient Hebrews, an offering given to God, esp. in performance of a vow + gorb (Anglo-Irish) - ravenous eater, glutton (from Irish: gorb) + gorban (Ruthenian) - hunchback.

walrus moustache - a large moustache which overhangs the lips (thus resembling the whiskers of a walrus) + Joyce's note: 'walrus'.

genial - sympathetically cheerful, jovial; of or pertaining to genius

conk - nose + William I, "The Conqueror" (1028-87) - Norman duke who defeated Harold at Hastings, 1066, and became king of England. He did not himself mess with Ireland, but his descendants, the Anglo-Normans, ravaged Ireland in Henry II's time, and William III ravaged, too. I think all the English King Williams merge into William the Conk on FW 31 and stay merged (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + Joyce's note: 'William the Conk' Sunday Pictorial 29 Oct 1922, 9/1: 'Review of "The Nine O'Clock Revue" at the Little': 'Who can resist Beatrice Lillie? I can't. Hear her sing her ancestry in "William the Conk!" with moustache and bowler hat'.

spindle side - the female line of descent

lock - one of the portions into which a head of hair, a beard, etc., naturally divides itself

great aunt - the aunt of one's father or mother

sophy - a wise man, sage + Parnell's great-aunt Mrs Sophia Evens, a practical joker + Aunt Sophy = Long Laddy Cumager [?].

retinue - the group following and attending to some important person

gallowglasses - heavily armed Irish soldiers formerly maintained by Irish chiefs

Michael (Manning) = Assailant on Heath (Joyce's list of characters in I.2)

etheling = atheling - a member of a noble family, a prince, lord, baron

Leix - county in Ireland, Leinster province + Leix and Offaly - the first Irish plantation (was devastated by Mountjoy).

Offaly - county in Ireland, Leinster province + FDV: turned towards two gunmen of his retinue, the lord of Offaly and the mayor of Waterford (the second gun being syndic of Drogheda according to a later version cited by the learned Kanavan)

jubilee - the fiftieth anniversary of an event; the celebration of the completion of fifty years of reign + Joyce's note: 'T+I melts into Mayor of Galway'.

Droghheda - port town in County Louth on the east coast of Ireland, 56 km (35 mi) north of Dublin. The town was besieged twice during the Irish Confederate Wars. On the second occasion it was taken by Oliver Cromwell in September 1649, as part of the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland and it was the site of an infamous massacre of the Royalist defenders.

Elcock, Nicholas - Mayor of Drogheda in 1592 and in 1607 + Elcock (Giubilei) = McPartland (Joyce's list of characters in I.2)

2 guns (2 men) [notebook 1922-23] Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 274: 'Reynard the Fox': 'rabbiting in one of his own woods with a couple of companions - quite an informal party, just the two guns and a dog'.

scattergun - a shot gun (firearm that is a double-barreled smoothbore shoulder weapon for firing shot at short ranges) + Joyce's note: 'scattergun' → O. Henry: The Four Million 253: 'The Brief Début of Tildy': 'And every smile that she sent forth lodged, like pellets from a scatter-gun, in as many hearts'.

manning - the act of supplying man

proto- - first in time, earliest, original + syndic - an officer of government having different powers in different countries; a civil magistrate, or one of several such, entrusted with the affairs of a city or community + prôtosyndikos (gr) - first advocate.

Waterford - city in SE Ireland

excellency - title of honour, eminence (title of honour, now borne only by Cardinals) + (notebook 1923): 'an Italian Excellency'.

giubilei (it) - jubilees

cite - to quote

scholarch - the head or ruler of a school; spec. The leader of an Athenian school of philosophy + Joyce's note: 'save perhaps scholarchs' → Fitzpatrick: Ireland and the Making of Britain 3: 'In that age there had been nothing comparable with this sustained continuity in any land, save perhaps the wonderful succession of scholarchs in the groves of Academe from the time of Plato to the time of Justinian'.

Cluain maca Nois (klun moko nosh) (gael) - Meadow of the sons of Nos (famous Irish monastic settlement); anglic. Clonmaknoise + can make noise.

typical + triptych - a picture or carving (or set of three such) in three compartments side by side.

puritas (l) - purity

doctrina (l) - teaching

business as usual - things proceeding normally in spite of disturbing circumstances

hemlock - the common name of Conium maculatum, a poisonous umbelliferous plant, having a stout branched stem with purplish spots, finely divided leaves, and small white flowers; it is used medicinally as a powerful sedative.

paddy - an informal, often derogatory, name for an Irishman + parish.

preti (it) - priests + praties (Anglo-Irish) - potatoes (from Irish: prátai) + The Garden Where the Praties Grow (song).

dilsy dulsy office (Joyce's note) O. Henry: The Four Million 175: 'An Unfinished Story': 'Dulcie worked in a department store'.

holy bones! (notebook 1922-23)

St. Hubert - the Patron Saint of Hunters

William II or William Rufus (1056-1100) - king of England and a villain + (notebook 1922-23): 'red mother' Quarterly Review Oct 1922, 270: 'Reynard the Fox': 'Particularly when studying cubs... is one liable to encounter disappointment... For, should the red mother's suspicion once be aroused, all is over'.

Pomerania - a German province + pouring rain.

audibly - in audible manner, aloud

fume - to give way to or exhibit anger or irritation

sur- (prefix) - over, above, upon (as in: surprint) + for sure - for certain, undoubtedly + trusty - trustworthy, that may be trusted upon + (more than trusty) + FDV: Holybones, How our of Burgundy would fume did he know that he have this for trusty vassal who is a turnpiker who is also an earwicker. 

bailiwick - the office or jurisdiction of a bailiff

turnpike - to erect turnpikes on (a road)

by turns - time after time, turn after turn

seldom - not often, rarely + other

kin - a group of persons descended from a common ancestor + kennt (ger) - knows.

Peel, John - English hunting song (REFERENCE)

haunt - to recur constantly and spontaneously to

crusted - covered with a crust, hardened on the surface


cheery - abounding in cheerfulness, lively

roadside - the side of the road

Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1903), 352: 'Holmpatrick, Baron... (Son of... Victoria, dau. of late Maj. Gen'l Lord Charles Wellesly, M.P. and sister of the 3rd Duke of Wellington). Res. Abbotstown House, Castleknock, Dublin' + holm (Middle English) - holly.

amusive - deceitful, illusive; affording pleasing entertainment + ammos (gr) - sand + A rolling stone gathers no moss (proverb).

Gladstone + clad - p.p. od clothe.

nomination - the action of naming, specifying, or appointing + nomen gentile (l) - clan name; second of the three names borne by freeborn Romans. 

bourn - stream, rivulet; goal, destination; boundary, limit; domain

Comes the question (Joyce's note) → Mordell: The Erotic Motive in Literature 228: (of Edgar Allan Poe) 'Now comes a question that has always puzzled his critics'.

accolated - wreathed, conjoined, united + accolade - technical name of the salutation marking the bestowal of knighthood, applied at different times to an embrace, a kiss, and a slap on the shoulders with the flat blade of a sword.

collateral - placed side by side, parallel, coordinate

anthropomorphic - having a human form, described in a human form or with human attributes + Andrew, Paul, Murphy.

narrative - story, narration + FDV: whether are these the True facts are recorded in as this legend? maybe We shall perhaps see.

fata (l) - destiny + fata (Rumanian) - face.

sibylline - rel. to Sibyl; prophetic, mysterious, cryptic

fas (l) - law, right, possible + read between the lines (phrase).

nefas (l) - sin, wrong, impossible + fas et nefas (l) - destiny and counter-destiny; law and crime.