Nehemiah ("comfort of Jehovah") - (1) Jewish leader, empowered by Artaxerxes to rebuild Jerusalem after captivity, (2) book of the Old Testament + no home-iah + Home, Sweet Home (song): 'There's no place like home'. 

yea - yes, more than this, not only so but

melekh (Hebrew) - king + two Irish high kings were named Malachy + Malachi Mulligan.

khan - a title (now of slight import) commonly given to rulers, officials, or men of rank in Central Asia, Afghanistan, etc.

"I heard again, as I had heard the night before while dona Soledad was choking me, a most peculiar and mysterious sound, a dry sound like a pipe breaking, right behind my windpipe at the base of my neck... The peculiar sound at the base of my neck was something I had become keenly aware of. Don Juan had described it as the sound one makes at the moment of changing speed. I had the faint recollection of having experienced it in his company. Although I had become aware of it the previous night, I had not fully acknowledged it until it happened with Rosa. I realized then that the sound had created a special sensation of heat on the roof of my mouth and inside my ears. The force and dryness of the sound made me think of the peal of a large, cracked bell." (Carlos Castaneda: The Second Ring of Power)

bail - to release after a security has been paid; to empty (a vessel) by bailing + bell + 'Pingpong, the bell for Sechseläuten, and concepit de Saint-Esprit' (Sechseläuten: Zurich spring festival, celebrating the burial of winter; Saint-Esprit (French): Holy Ghost).

six + The roots of the Sechseläuten festival go back to medieval times when the first day of summer working hours was celebrated in the guildhalls across the city. City ordinances strictly regulated the length of the working day in that era. During the winter semester the workday in all workshops lasted as long as there was daylight, but during the summer semester (i.e. starting on Monday following vernal equinox) the law proclaimed that work must cease when the church bells tolled at six o'clock. Sechseläuten is a Swiss German word that literally translates into "The six o'clock ringing of the bells". Changing to summer working hours traditionally was a joyous occasion because it marked the beginning of the season where people had some non-working daylight hours.

cum sceptris (l) - with sceptres + concepta (l) - conceived + Angelus: 'et concepit de Spiritus Sancto' (l) - 'and she conceived of the Holy Ghost'.

centaur - Mythol. A fabulous creature, with the head, trunk, and arms of a man, joined to the body and legs of a horse; an unnatural hybrid creation; an intimate union of two diverse natures.

Hokmah - Hebrew "divine wisdom", the name of the second Sephira

metheg (Hebrew) - bit (for a horse); a typographical mark (used in the bible) + ''Though this be madness, yet there is method in 't.'' (William Shakespeare: Hamlet, Act 2 scene 2) [Lord Polonius: What do you read, my lord? Hamlet: Words, words, words. Lord Polonius: What is the matter, my lord? Hamlet: Between who? Lord Polonius: I mean, the matter that you read, my lord. Hamlet: Slanders, sir: for the satirical rogue says here that old men have grey beards, that their faces are wrinkled, their eyes purging thick amber and plum-tree gum and that they have a plentiful lack of wit, together with most weak hams: all which, sir, though I most powerfully and potently believe, yet I hold it not honesty to have it thus set down, for yourself, sir, should be old as I am, if like a crab you could go backward. Lord Polonius: [Aside] Though this be madness, yet there is method in 't. Will you walk out of the air, my lord? Hamlet: Into my grave.]

heaven + Genesis 3:19: 'unto dust shalt thou return'.

doth - do

heave - to throw, cast, toss (esp. something heavy, that is lifted and thrown with effort)

fallacy - deceptiveness, aptness to mislead, unreliability

punical - faithless, treacherous

finikin - over-delicately wrought or finished; also, insignificant, trifling + Finnegan.


scherzi (Italian) - jokes + skirts are raised + Scheherazade and Dunyazad - sisters from The Thousand and One Nights (regaling King Shahryar with their endless night-time story-cycle, thus distracting him from his design to ravish and slay a maiden a night).

stage - to represent (a character, an incident) on the stage

Sudlow, Bessie - Dublin actress and wife of Michael Gunn, the manager of the Gaiety Theatre, Dublin

Mistinguette - a French dancer (Jeanne Bourgeois, 1875-1956) 

pantaloon - in modern harlequinade or pantomime, a character represented as a foolish and vicious old man, the butt of the clown's jokes, and his abettor in his pranks and tricks.

Pitt, William (1759-1806) - English prime minister during the Napoleonic Wars. His father, William Pitt the Elder, was also prime minister. 

patronize - to favour or support with one's expenditure or custom; to frequent as a customer or visitor + pay through the nose - to pay an excessive price ("They patronize small and exclusive shops where they cheerfully pay through the nose.")

miliodôros (gr) - of a thousand gifts + meli (gr) - honey.

Galatea - (1) nymph loved by Polyphemus and slain by him because she loved Acis; (2) Pygmalion's statue, animated by Venus + gala (gr) - milk

holograph - a document wholly in the handwriting of the person whom it proceeds + Joyce's note: 'holograph'.

exhume - to dig out or remove (something buried) from beneath the ground

három (Hungarian) - three + Harold-Humphrey.

sigla - letters (esp. initials) or other characters used to denote words; abbreviations or marks of abbreviation

dook - duck + dine with Duke Humphrey - to go dinnerless.

hungry, lean + Hungarian.

spalpeen - a common workman, itinerant farm labourer; Used contemptuously: A low or mean fellow, a scamp, a rascal; a youngster, a boy.

Lucalizod (Joyce's note) Lucan - Dublin environ on the Liffey. Two earls of Lucan may have interested Joyce: (1) Patrick Sarsfield, a Wild Goose, who fought under James II, died in 1693, saying, "O that this were for Ireland!"; (2) Lord Lucan, who commanded cavalry at Balaclava and is associated by Joyce with the Light Brigade. In FW, Lucan is often linked with its neighboring environ, Chapelizod, usually as "Lucalizod," which links Issy and the two Isoldes to Lucia Joyce and Alice. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake.)

In 1886, the British Home Secretary was named HCE Childers, nicknamed 'Here Comes Everybody' because of his girth + FDV: But it is certain that from that historic date all documents initialled by Humphrey bear the sigla. H.C.E. and whether he was always Coxon for his cronies and good duke Humphrey for the ragged tiny folk of Lucalizod it was certainly a pleasant turn of the populace which gave him as sense of these initials the nickname 'Here Comes Everything Everybody'.

crony - an intimate friend or associate, a 'chum'

populace - the common people

normative - establishing or setting up a norm or standard

imposing - that impresses by appearance or manner + FDV: An Imposing enough everybody indeed he looked and worthy of that title as he sat surveyed the playhouse on gala nights in from the royal booth where he sat with all his house with broadstretched kerchief cooling neck & shoulders & wardrobepanelled coat clawhammer tuxedo thrown back from a shirt wellnamed a swallowall far outstarching the laundered lordies clawhammers and marbletopped highboys of the pit.

magnificently well (Joyce's note)

survey - to look at from, or as from, a height or commanding position

vociferate - to utter with a loud voice

White Head, White Hat - Finn MacCool is often said to mean "white head" on "white hat"; "head" identifies him with "Howth", which is Danish "head" + Moore and Burgess Minstrels used the catch-phrase 'take off that white hat!' (Ulysses.8.605).

relieve - to make less tiring, tedious, monotonous, or disagreeable, by the introduction of variety or of something striking or pleasing

grog - a drink consisting of spirits (originally rum) and water, to drink grog

log - any record in which facts about the progress or performance of something are entered in the order in which they become known; log-book

loot - money + Puss in Boots (pantomime).

bassa voce (it) - low voice + voco (l) - call, shout + basvoco (Ido - an artificial language) - bass.

treating house - a house of entertainment or refreshment, an eating-house + The Gaiety Theatre is in Dublin's King Street.

satin - resembling satin in texture or surface + Satan - a Puritan term for the theatre (Puritanism was Shakespeare's life-long enemy, and he struggled against it brilliantly, with humor as one of his most potent weapons. Puritanism nursed a deadly animus against the theatre and all dramatic art, viewing them as Satan's hotbed of temptation. Shakespeare recognized that he was in what he called in Love's Labour's Lost, a "civil war of wits." [Act II, Scene I]).

lustre - sheen, gloss, luminosity

floats = footlights - a row of lights on a stage floor; the stage as a profession.

veldt (Afrikaans) - open bushy country in South Africa

oxgang - an old english unit of land area, varying from ten to eighteen acres

unanimously - with agreement in aim, opinion, or action


semper (l) - always + Joyce's note, A Painful Case: 'Pop likes happy finale W.W.Kelly' W. W. Kelly - manager of the Evergreen Touring Company of Liverpool, which toured the British Isles before 1914. performing W.G. Wills's A Royal Divorce, about Napoleon's divorce. Mr Atherton says a real white horse was brought on stage. 

evergreen - always fresh, never-failing + immer (ger) - always, ever.

tourer - one who tours or goes on tour

command performance - a presentation of a play, opera, or other show at the request of royalty

courteous - gracious, gentle

humdrum - tediously repetitious or lacking in variety + 111.

millenary - a continuous period of one thousand years + millenium, century.

ambitious - thirsting after honour or advancement

bo - fellow + BOHEMIA - Province, West Czech, subject of Balfe's opera, "The Bohemian Girl." Arlene, heroine of the opera is a high-born girl, stolen by gypsies, who dreams she dwells in marble halls and is restored to high place and faithful lover.

Lily of Killarney - Benedict's opera, based on The Colleen Bawn or "Fair Girl." 

hosiery - stockings, socks + leg-show (Colloquial) - a theatrical production in which dancing girls display their legs + Dublin Horse Show.

command night - the night on which a theatrical performance, etc. is given by (royal) command

viceregal - of or pertaining to, associated with, a viceroy

booth - a temporary structure covered with canvas, or the like, a tent + Booth - Lincoln's assassin (shot him in an theatre).

Borsalino is the name of a hat company known particularly for its fedoras (a felt hats creased lengthwise down the crown and pinched in the front on both sides). Joyce wore a fedora hat.

ceilinged - having a ceiling