sneaker - a soft-soled, noiseless slipper or shoe + (notebook 1930): 'sneakers (white shoes)'.
track record - the total number of a person's successes esp. in his work or job + Sturk - occupant of LeFanu's House by the Churchyard, he is attacked in Butcherswood in the Phoenix Park. Sturk is "resurrected" by Black Dillon + tearc (t'ark) (gael) - scant + dark record + Joyce's note: 'with a bad record -'.
to pan (gr) - the whole, completely + tô panti (gr) - in every respect + romantically
anônymos (gr) - anonymous, nameless
Abdullah - father of Mohammed
gammellax (Norwegian) = gammel lax (Danish) - old salmon + galaxy + (notebook 1924): 'Let us call him Otto Chorzel (spy)'.
post - to place, station, stop; to appoint to a post or command (Mil. and Naval) + (notebook 1922-23): 'posted at Lloyd's as missing' → Irish Times 9 Jan 1923, 4/5: 'Toll of the Sea': 'In the year 1922 twenty-one ships have been posted at Lloyds as "missing" and a ship "missing" at Lloyds seldom reappers'.
Mallon, John - superintendent of Dublin police at the time of the Phoenix Park assassinations + FDV: There was a case of the kind implicating man named Lyons [who was posted at Mallon's and] who years afterward dropped dead whilst waiting for a chop in Hawkins street.
instance - urgent or earnest solicitation, instigation, request
Vigilance Cie Watch & Ward (Joyce's note)
Vigilance Committee (notebook 1923) + "Anyone wanting seriously to read Finnegans Wake must at some point go to "nightschool" (430.02), take a few "Night Lessons" (II.ii), do a little "nightwatch service" (576.30), exercise some "night duty" (429.23), serve on "vigilance committee", and, above all, "sleep on it" (445.22-23). All of the characters inside the book do these things, and so did Joyce himself: "I am at present attending night school," he wrote jokingly to his son and daughter-in-law in 1934." (John Bishop: Joyce's Book of the Dark)
ibid - in the same place
commend - extol + commander of the faithful - a title of the caliphs.
sultan - the sovereign or chief ruler of a Muslim country + sulth (sulh) (gael) - sensual pleasure + shulkhan (Hebrew) - table, table spread with food.
sate - satisfy + seated
trop - turn, change + drop dead - to die very suddenly + (notebook 1922-23): 'whilst waiting for chop he dropped dead'.
fiat (l) - let there be, so be it + pfui! (German) - shame!
chop and cabbage
alicubi (l) - somewhere, anywhere, wherever + Cubehouse, Ka'aba, Mecca [005.14]
Old House - Theatre Royal, Hawkins Street, Dublin
charge hand - a workman who is in charge of a particular piece of work + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard (set in Chapelizod).
roche - any of various rocks + Father Roach - a parish priest in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's The House by the Churchyard + roach, haddock (fish) → fishmarket in Dublin between Hawkins Street and D'Olier Street.
lowe - flame, blaze, to glow; lie + Oliver Lowe - a magistrate in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's The House by the Churchyard + Thom's Directory of Ireland/Dublin (1903), 1923: 'J. Lowe. Chief Inspector, Detective Department'.
gob - mouth, sailor + God + Ibsen + obscene.
nark - informer; to watch, look after + naked + market place.
ar (Irish) - on + Psalms 68:12: 'Kings of armies did flee apace: and she that tarried at home divided the spoil' (tarry: to remain or stay temporarily, as in a place).
defile - pollute, debase + Matthew 15:11: 'but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man'.
boys + bowels.
cabful - as much or as many as cab will hold + cupful
bash - a good time, entertainment + calabash - name of various gourds.
humour + omer (Hebrew) - measure of capacity + The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XII, 'Greek Literature', 507d: 'Homer himself is called "son of Meles" - the stream which flowed through old Smyrna'.
slander - the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person's reputation
flat - clear and unmistakable, exact
southron - native of Southern Great Britain, an Englishman as opposed to a Scotsman [Joyce's note: 'Southron'].
homogenous - congruous, befitting + Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 34: 'it is only necessary to mention Edward Terry and "Sweet Lavender" to conjure up remembrances of a delightful experience of that - as "Jeames" would say - most "homogeneous" actor'.
grave - highly serious + FDV: Slander, let it do its worst, has never been able to convict that good and great man of any greater worse misdemeanour impropriety than that of an incautious exposure and partial at that having behaved in an ungentlemanly manner in the presence of certain two a pair of nursemaids maidservants in the rushy hollow whither nature as they alleged had spontaneously & at the same time sent them both [but each of] whose testimony testimonies is are, if not dubious, at any rate slightly divergent in on minor points [touching what was certainly an incautious, but at the most, a partial exposure [with attenuating circumstances. [during an exceptional abnormal S Martin's summer.]]]
impropriety - unbecomingness, indecency; morally improper conduct
woodward - an english forest officer charged with guarding a wood
regarder - an officer who inspects royal forests and ascertain trespasses of the law + Woodwards and Regarders were forest officers who saw no hurt was done to vert or venison + Joyce's note: 'verderers, foresters, regarders, agresters, woodwords'.
shomer - guardian, watchman
chin - to talk idly, chatter + (onomat.)
chinchin - to talk casually, trivial talk
Shem, Ham and Japhet + *VYC*.
soul of the rice (Joyce's note) + (alcohol).
ungentlemanly + on- (Dutch) - un- + (notebook 1922-23): 'behaved in a gentlemanly manner'.
immodest - offending against sexual mores in conduct or appearance + modus (l) - manner.
dainty - of delicate or tender beauty or grace, delicately pretty
maidservant - a female servant + 2 Slavies = Festus King (Joyce's list of characters in I.2).
swelth - a swelling; a whirlpool + swoosh - the sound produced by a sudden rush of air or liquid.
rushy - made of or resembling rushes, abounding in rushes + In ancient Egyptian mythology, the fields of Aaru (alternatives: Yaaru, Iaru, Aalu) or the Egyptian reed fields, are the heavenly paradise, where Osiris ruled after he became part of the Egyptian pantheon and displaced Anubis in the Ogdoad tradition. It has been described as the ka (a part of the soul) of the Nile Delta. Only souls who weighed exactly the same as the feather of the goddess Ma'at were allowed to start a long and perilous journey to Aaru, where they would exist in pleasure for all eternity. The ancient Egyptians believed that the soul resided in the heart. Those whose heart did not match the weight of the feather of Ma'at due to their sins were excluded. They were said to suffer a second death when devoured by another being, Ammit, while still in Duat for judgment. The souls who did qualify had to undergo a long journey and face many perils before reaching Aaru. Once they arrived, they had to enter through a series of gates. The exact number of gates varies according to sources; some say 15, some 21. They are however uniformly described as being guarded by evil demons armed with knives. Aaru usually was placed in the east, where the sun rises, and is described as eternal reed fields, very much like those of the earthly Nile delta: an ideal hunting and fishing ground, and hence, those deceased who, after judgment, were allowed to reside there, were often called the eternally living. More precisely, Aaru was envisaged as a series of islands, covered in "fields of rushes" (Sekhet Aaru), Aaru being the Egyptian word for rushes. The part where Osiris later dwelt was sometimes known as the "field of offerings", Sekhet Hetepet in Egyptian.
hollow - a hollow or concave formation or place, which has been dug out, or has the form of having so been + The Hollow, Phoenix Park + (notebook 1922-23): 'the rushy hollow (THE END)'.
whither - where
pinner - a woman's cap + Joyce's note: 'gown & pinners'.
Nature sends me to do so (piss) W (notebook 1922-23)
eventide - evening
laine (French) - wool + FDV: [but each of] whose testimony testimonies is are, if not dubious, at any rate slightly divergent
testimony - an assertion offering firsthand authentication of a fact; a solemn statement made under oath
warp - the lengthwise threads in a weaving loom
weft - the crosswise threads in a weaving loom
first offense - the first felony for which person is convicted. 'First Offenders' Act' of 1888 obtains the conditional remission of punishment in case of first offence. ("Keepers are punished for this by a fine for the first offence; and for the second by stripes") + (original sin).
vert - green vegetation growing in a wood or forest and capable of serving as cover for deer + inversion - euphemism for homosexuality.
venison - any beast of chase or other wild animal killed by hunting, esp. one of the deer kind + vert and venison - the green vegetation and the deer in a forest or wood + Joyce's note: 'offence in vert or venison'.
incautious - unwary
widest + Oscar Wilde + FDV: in on minor points [touching what was certainly an incautious, but at the most, a partial exposure [with attenuating circumstances. [during an exceptional abnormal S Martin's summer.]]]
attenuate - to weaken or reduce in force, effect, or amount; to become slender, thinner, or weaker + Joyce's note: 'Is milked Dan Tallon - without indecent exposure - near Fox and Geese every Tuesday and Friday' (Dan Talon mayor of Dublin 1899; Fox and Geese is district of Dublin) + REFERENCE
garth - piece of enclosed land + garden.
gad (Archaic) - (of plants) to straggle, to spread + gad (Serbian) - cad + goeth.
hwere (Middle English) - where
sokeman - a man under the jurisdiction of another, a tenant holding land in socage
bride (obs) - marry + rideth.
Saint Martin's summer - Indian summer when occuring in november + Joyce's note: 'S. ?Martin's cloak (Tolstoy)' → "In a certain town there lived a cobbler, Martin Avdéitch by name..." Where Love Is, God Is, a Short Story by Leo Tolstoy.
Jesse - father of David; also a genealogical tree, tracing the descent of Christ from "the root of Jesse." ('jesen' is Serbian "autumn")
SHARON - The fertile plain of Palestine between Joppa and Mount Carmel. The "Rose of Sharon" of Song of Solomon 2:1 ('I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys'), has been identified with various flowers, such as the crocus and narcissus.
rescue + women, can't live with them, can't live without them (phrase).
toman - a hillock, a mound of earth; a Persian gold coin + The Memory of the Dead (song): 'True men like you men'.
led (Volapük) - red
lol (Volapük) - rose
zesüd (Volapük) - necessity
kadem (Volapük) - academy
pleach - to form or weave into a braid or braids
Jespersen: An International Language 34 (of Volapük): 'the stem itself must always begin and end with a consonant. Accordingly Academy becomes kadem. R is avoided: fire is fil, and red led. As s is the sign of the plural, no word may end in s: rose is made into lol. As ne is the negative, such a word as necessity is clipped of its initial syllable, and becomes zesüd. Not even proper names get off scott-free: Italy is Täl and England Nelij (j is pronounced sh). Europe is Yulop, and the other continents... are made into Melop, Silop, Fikop and Talop respectively'.
Fikop (Volapük) - Africa + fuck up.
Nelly, Fresh - Dublin whore + Nelij (Volapük) - England + Joyce's note, Telemachos section of Scribbledehobble: 'I thought it was that bloody whore Nelly (c'etait)' + Joyce's notes, Hades: 'Dignam 3rd day: who fell at Flodden: passed away: at the point of death: and I stepped into Nelly coming home from the wake: lingering death: whole time death:'.
mundo novo (Portuguese) - new world + el mundo (sp) - the world.
flen (Volapük) - friend
Lilith (Hebrew lilatu, "night") - Semitic female demon, haunting wildernesses in storms, inimical to children and pregnant women. She was Adam's first, ungovernable wife, Cain's mother, the Devil's mate.
Saint Paul allows the breaking of marriage bonds between believing and unbelieving husband and wife if the Christian is thereby prevented from practising his or her Christianity (I Corinthians 7:15) + 'Lillibullero, bullen a law': The song's title and the words of the refrain have been interpreted as a garbled version of the Irish words Lile ba léir é, ba linn an lá: "Lilly was clear and ours was the day".
maler = males - pl. of male + Maler (German) - painter.
abush - to ambush
keep back - to restrain, retard; to conceal
erstwhile - former + FDV: Guiltless he was clearly for so once at least he clearely with a brave outlander's burr declared himself to be & we know that it is true.
burr - anything that appears to stick in the throat or that produces a choking sensation, accumulation of phlegm, huskiness; 'a lump in the throat'; a rough sounding of the letter r, characteristic of Northumberland.