postpubertal - occuring after puberty + puberal - of puberty.

pituitary gland - a small bilobed body attached to (and sometimes taken to include) the infundibulum at the base of the brain. An excess of a pituitary hormone causes gigantism. 

Heidelberg man - an early pleistocene man + (notebook 1924): 'Heidelbergman' +  mannlich (ger) - manly, masculine.

luft = left + lifted

slope - to move or proceed in, an oblique direction + (notebook 1930): 'hat = sloping forward I luft my sloper forward to mr Ally on the hills' Paget: Babel 85: (of the connection between sound, tongue-gesture and meaning) ' as in hat (written phonetically Æ) would represent a sloping forward'.

Sweatagore - Russian 'Svyatogor', a supernatural hero of Russian folklore, literally meaning "Holy Mount" + Sweatipore (Slang) - India. 

morrow + Diarmaid MacMurrough - king of Leinster who invited the Normans to Ireland and who abducted Dervorgilla, the wife of Tiernan O'Rourke.

Dublin + dobra noc or, more correctly, dobra no (Serbian) - good night.

greedly = greedily - with manifestation of strong desire + greatly

ham - an inexpert performer; an incompetent boxer or fighter + Joyce's note, Eumeus: 'like a sensible man'.

touchy - risky, precarious; not to be touched without danger

um - 'em

guilder - gulden + guider - something which guides + {guilders imply guilt (guilty money has been paid): HCE is trying to bribe/buy off the younger man}

bock (fr) - glass of beer + take aback - to surprise or discomfit by a sudden and unlooked-for check + FDV: not a little surprised, all the same, that that was all the time it was

all the same - in spite of what has been mentioned; nevertheless, notwithstanding

tysk (Danish) - German + tusk - a long, pointed tooth + taskmaster - one who imposes tasks, especially burdensome or laborious ones + {the Cad is taking a bock, a bottle of beer which is mentioned in I.3 where he "deposend his bockstump" and in which he, in role of Adolf Hitler (great Godlike German minister/taskmaster) again attacks HCE}

Ginnunga Gap of Norse myth, a silent regenerative void after the end of the world before a new and better one is created & chopped repeat of the Cad’s name Gaping Gill.

mouldy - of the nature of mould; decayed, gloomy, depressing

void - gap, nothingness + Psalms 68:33: 'lo, he doth send out his voice, and that a mighty voice'.

corse - corpse + in a matter of course - belonging to the ordinary procedure, custom, or way of the world; customary; natural, to be expected.

hound - to hunt or trace with hounds or as if with hounds

monticule - hillock, a minute eminence

dandruff - dead scarf-skin separating in small scales and entangled in the hair; scurf

blaze the trail - to indicate (a spot or path)

trusty - trustful, trustworthy

snorler = snarler - a dog + One Middle English treatment of the legend, the poem Sir Tristrem, highlights some issues in a humorous fashion; when Tristrem and Ysonde mistakenly drink of the love potion, Tristrem's hound Hodain licks out the cup. The poet writes of the new-made lovers and hound, "Thai loved with al her might / And Hodain dede also."

voracious - Of animals (rarely of persons, or of the throat): Eating with greediness; devouring food in large quantities; gluttonous, ravenous + verbi gratia (l) - for instance + verbigeration - repetition of the same word or phrase in a meaningless way. 

The early bird catches the worm (proverb) + Wilde: De Profundis: (to Douglas) 'but I met you either too late or too soon'.

tag - label, epithet + tak for ilden (Danish) - thanks for the light.


big time - outstanding, first class + big timer - a top ranker.

verboten (ger) - forbidden + Joyce's note, Eumeus: 'verbatim'.

barely + balbus (l) - stammering.

cold eve + kveld (Danish) - evening + FDV: and repeated the words that same evening at his fireside where he was smoking reflectively spat in in museful thought after having eaten some boiled peas and with vinegar a dish a plateful he much fancied.

twittering - light tremulous chirping of a bird or birds

twitterlight - twilight

between the devil and the deep sea (phrase)

suppertime - the time for evening meal + Joyce's note: 'suppertide' Arabian Nights: '...and when the sun rose, he sprang up and opened the staircase-door and ascending to the flat roof sat there till supper-tide when his sister brought him up somewhat of meat and drink and change of clothes and he slept."

souvenir - a remembrance, a memory

charlatan - an assuming empty pretender to knowledge or skill, a pretentious impostor + Joyce's note: 'Charlatan Mall'.

mall - a sheltered walk serving as a promenade; in some towns adopted as a proper name

jointly - together

darkening - nightfall, dusk

ROYAL CANAL - A financial disaster from the start, the Royal Canal was begun in 1789 to run North of the Liffey, roughly paralleling the course of the rival Grand Canal to the South.  

Fluh (ger) - precipice

whenas - while; although, whereas; for the reason that

talky-talk - trivial conversation, talk for talking's sake + pawky - tricky, sly, cunning.

pogue (Anglo-Irish) - kiss

Shatt al-Arab (Arabic: شط العرب‎, literally Coast/Beach of the Arabs) or the Arvand Rūd (Persian: اروندرود, literally Arvand River), is a river in Southwest Asia of some 200 kilometres in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris in the town of al-Qurnah in the Basra Governorate of southern Iraq. In Middle Persian literature the name "Arvand" refers to the Tigris river.

acquiescent - acquiescing; disposed to acquiesce, quietly agree, or assent + aqua (l) - water.

im Blauen (ger) - in the blue + castles in the air (phrase) + Castle Browne was renamed Clongowes Wood + 'Blowne' and 'noran' by the Irish L/R interchange are Browne and Nolan.

stud - to furnish with studs (pillar, nail, bolt) + Studd - a family of English cricketers.

cowshot - in cricket, a flat scooping legstroke made by the batsman + cowshit + {The Cad now sits at home, building castles in the wind blown air, and fantasises about being a brilliant cricketer – hitting 'cowshots' (flat, scooping legstrokes) over the moon – cricket was the one sport that Joyce had any interest in, due to its gentlemanly nature and upper class associations, and its aural qualities, the sound of leather on willow} 

spat - p. of spit (to utter, speak, to emit)

pervertedness - wickedness, distortion

musaic = mosaic + Mosaic Dispensation - Moses' religious system, Judaism + Joyce's note, Cyclops: 'carried out the Mosaic dispensation (hanging)'.

dispensation - Theol. A religious order or system, conceived as divinely instituted, or as a stage in a progressive revelation, expressly adapted to the needs of a particular nation or period of time, as the patriarchal, Mosaic (or Jewish) dispensation, Christian dispensation.

hearthstone - the flat stone forming the hearth. Also put symbolically for the fireside or home.

saliva - spittle

ma se do thoil e (ma she du hul e) (gael) - if you please

ascendance - going back in time + ascendances (French) - ancestries.

well dressed ideas (notebook 1924)

expectorate - to eject, discharge (phlegm, etc.) from the chest or lungs by coughing, hawking, or spitting

callous - emotionally hardened + Joyce's note, Eumeus: 'in callous fashion'.

belcher - one who, or that which, belches; a neckerchief of deep blue with large white spots, each containing a dark blue spot, darker than the ground (so called after Jim Belcher (1781-1811), a pugilist who adopted it); also, any particoloured neckerchief.

Spucker (German) - person who spits + Tuch (German) - cloth.

pucket - nest of caterpillar + pocket



sup - to take supper

dish meat - food cooked in a dish, as e.g. a pie + sot - a habitual drunkard.

pottage - soup, esp. a thick soup + FDV: after having eaten some boiled peas and with vinegar a dish a plateful he much fancied.  

dab - pat, tap + dub - to name, to nickname.

Peach Bombe is a deceptively easy treat that is sure to impress guests at a family picnic (PICTURE)

rawly - barely, scarcely (obs. rare.) + realy

Lucan - Dublin environ on the Liffey. Two earls of Lucan may have interested Joyce: (1) Patrick Sarsfield, a Wild Goose, who fought under James II, died in 1693, saying, "O that this were for Ireland!"; (2) Lord Lucan, who commanded cavalry at Balaclava and is associated by Joyce with the Light Brigade + pocn (Irish) - little he-goat. 

senaf (Rhaeto-Romanic) = senf (Serbian) - mustard.

pibe (Rhaeto-Romanic) = biber (Serbian) - pepper.

excelling - superior + LDV: and repeated as many of the words as he could call to mind that same evening at his fireside where he spat in museful thought after having eaten very excellent peas boiled with malt vinegar, a plateful he frankly relished in raw weather.

ball - to form into a ball, to squeeze into a compact mass + boiled

minnshogue (Anglo-Irish) = minnseog (minshog) (gael) - young she-goat after first kidding.

winesour - a small acid variety of plum + white malt vinegar → Malt vinegar is made by malting barley, causing the starch in the grain to turn to sugar. An ale is then brewed from the sugar and allowed to turn into vinegar, which is then aged. Any type of vinegar may be distilled to produce a colourless solution of about 5% to 8% acetic acid in water. This is variously known as distilled, spirit or white vinegar, and is used for medicinal, laboratory and cleaning purposes as well as in cooking, including pickling. The most common starting material, due to its low cost, is malt vinegar.

proviant - provision, food supply

bilker - one who practises cheating; esp. one who evades payment of a cabman's fare  

hoarsely - with hoarse voice + highly

relish - to enjoy, take pleasure or delight in, to have a liking for

chaff - to roll up (dough) into a rounded form in the moulding of a round loaf + (dash it, damn it).

snevel = snivel + sne (Danish) - snow.

fain - pleased, happy, inclined, desirous + fain of - glad of, pleased with.

fennel - a fragrant perennial umbellifer (Foeniculum vulgare) having yellow flowers, cultivated chiefly for its use in sauces eaten with salmon, etc.