aim - to calculate one's course with a view to arriving (at a point) + William Shakespeare: All's Well That Ends Well.
stirrup cup - a cup of wine or other drink handed to a man when already on horseback setting out for a journey; a parting glass + Arditi: 'The Stirrup Cup' (song).
"We slept at the Village of Simplon, in a very fair and wellwarmed inn."
leaba (lyaba) (gael) - bed + LDV: in strange men's bunks) but revisiting on racenight his house of call at Block W, Pump square, the Liberties,
housing - house accomodation, lodging + rooming house - a house where lodgers may rent rooms.
abide - to remain in residence; to sojourn, reside, dwell; an abode or stay + 'Abide with Me' (song).
block - a compact or connected mass of houses or buildings, with no intervening spaces
back - to support one's opinions, judgements, etc., as to an undecided issue, by a wager or bet; to back a horse: to bet or stake money upon his winning a race.
PUMP COURT - Not a Dublin place-name, but old maps of Dublin mark the location of communal pumps in the inner courts of buildings in The Liberties.
THE LIBERTIES - Roughly the area of Old Dublin South of the Liffey bounded East and West by the Castle and St James's Gate, North and South by the Quays and Blackpitts. Originally, the Liberties were jurisdictions, civil and ecclesiastical, independent of the city of Dublin and for the most part outside the walls.
what with - because of
molto più (it) - much more + motapük (Volapük) - mother-tongue + molto-puke (it-en).
Volta, Alessandro (1745-1827) - Italian physicist for whom the volt is named. The cinema Joyce set up in Dublin, 1909, was called The Volta + Volapük - artificial language.
snore - to breathe noisily during one's sleep + According to the first draft, Treacle Tom mutters the tale in his sleep within earshot of three other down-and-outers: Hosty the busker, Peter Cloran and O'Donnell. Tom was a thief and jailbird who previously happened to hear the priest (in dual persona as Brown and Nolan) repeat his tale to the teacher (later called Philly Thornton).
burden - the bass, 'undersong', or accompaniment
delay - to linger, loiter, tarry + The Lily of Killarney: The Moon Hath Raised Her Lamp Above (song): '...I come, I come, my heart's delight'.
nom - used in expressions denoting a pseudonym, a false or assumed name + (onomat.)
num - name + (onomat.)
busybody - one who is improperly busy in other people's affairs [(notebook 1924): 'evangelical busybody'] + bussy - sweetheart.
rus in urbe - the creating of an illusion of the countryside in a city; an urban building, garden, prospect, etc., which suggests the countryside; country in city
collarette - small or tight collar, necklace
sunbonnet - a light bonnet with a projection in front and a cape behind to protect the head and neck from the sun + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 10: 'sun-bonnet'.
eyot - small island + eyes
Marta (marte) (gael) - March + Ides of March + eight of march.
otherwiles - at another time + otherwise
3 fusiliers = Roaring Peter (Joyce's list of characters in I.2)
katya (Sanskrit) - widow + Katya (Russian) - nickname for Catherine + Kate (*K*).
Lavinia - heroine of Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus who suffered the same fate as Philomela. Lavinia is also the wife of Aeneas and heroine of Shaw's Androcles; and, as Mr Senn has shown, lavina means "avalanche" in Rhaeto-Romanic.
mens (l) - mind, disposition, intellect + (Livia having monthlies: end of the FW, river flowing into the sea, man jumping into the abyss) → "„Where did Eligio go?” „He went to join the Nagual and Genaro.” „And where did the Nagual and Genaro go?” „You know where they went. You’re just kidding me, aren’t you?” „But that’s the point, dona Soledad. I’m not kidding you.” „Then I will tell you. I can’t deny you anything. The Nagual and Genaro went back to the same place they came from, to the other world. When their time was up they simply stepped out into the darkness out there, and since they did not want to come back, the darkness of the night swallowed them up” I felt it was useless to probe her any further. I was ready to change the subject, but she spoke first. „You caught a glimpse of the other world when you jumped,” she went on. „But maybe the jump has confused you. Too bad. There is nothing that anyone can do about it. It is your fate to be a man. Women are better than men in that sense. They don’t have to jump into an abyss. Women have their own ways. They have their own abyss. Women menstruate. The Nagual told me that that was the door for them. During their period they become something else. I know that that was the time when he taught my girls. It was too late for me; I’m too old so I really don’t know what that door looks like. But the Nagual insisted that the girls pay attention to everything that happens to them during that time. He would take them during those days into the mountains and stay with them there until they would see the crack between the worlds." (Carlos Castaneda: The Second Ring of Power)
pump ship - to urinate + Punch and Judy show.
deadly + dood (Dutch) - dead.
whereat - for what cause or reason, wherefore
nigger - a Negro
wild horses (roars)
oft - often + Thomas Moore: National Airs: Oft, in the Stilly Night (song) + LDV: he repeated the tale in parts more than once during uneasy slumber
metagnostic + metagnostikos (gr) - fit to be translated + met 'agôna (gr) - with struggle.
epikos (gr) - epic, poetic + thalamos (gr) - bride chamber + epithalamios (gr) - nuptial, bridal (hence, epithalamium: a nuptial poem honouring the wedded couple).
hearing - the extent within which sound may be heard + LDV: in the joint hearing of a discharged drapery executive Peter Cloran,
stony broke - completely broke, ruined
Welshdraper - a maker of, or dealer in, 'Welsh cotton'; a woollen draper + 'The Drapier' - an epithet of Swift + (notebook 1923): 'Cash draper' + A cash drawer is generally a compartment underneath a cash register in which the cash from transactions is kept.
executive - a business man
Mac Labhrain (moklouran) (gael) - son of Labhran ("spokesman") + Cloran (Joyce's list of characters in I.2).
discharged - freed from a charge, load, obligation, etc.; dismissed
O'Mara, Joseph - Irish tenor, sang Tristan + O' Meadhra (o myare) - descendant of Meadhair ("mirth").
abode - an abiding-place, a dwelling-place, house or home
mildew - a fungus that produces a superficial (usually white) growth on organic matter + The Liebestod in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde begins Mild unde leise ("gentle and soft") + Mona Lisa - the name of a portrait painted by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), used allusively and attrib. of an enigmatic smile or expression such as that of the woman in this painting.
doorway - the space in wall occupied by a door + Mark Twain: The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, ch. 6: (Huck Finn) 'slept on doorsteps in fine weather and in empty hogsheads in wet' + LDV: O'Donnell, a secretary of no fixed abode who had passed several nights in a doorway and Hosty,
bunk - a box or recess in a ship's cabin, railway-carriage, lodging-house, etc., serving for a bed; a sleeping-berth. Freq. one of two or more beds arranged in a tier.
iceland - a country covered with ice; the realm of perpetual ice + Bank of Ireland, College Green, Dublin.
pillow - to lay down on a pillow, to rest (a head) on a pillow
hostis (l) - stranger, enemy + Hosty = Sully (Joyce's list of characters in I.2).
no slouch of (something) - a poor, indifferent, or inefficient thing, place, person, etc. + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 17: 'no slouch of a name' → "I bet you can't spell my name," says I. / "I bet you what you dare I can," says he. / "All right," says I, "go ahead." / "G-e-o-r-g-e J-a-x-o-n -- there now," he says. / "Well," says I, "you done it, but I didn't think you could. It ain't no slouch of a name to spell -- right off without studying."
illstarred - ill fated, doomed to failure or disaster
busker - an itinerant entertainer or musician + (notebook 1923): 'busker (beach & town)'.
sans - without
rootie (Slang) - bread
scrapie - a virus disease of sheep + scrap - pl. The remains of a meal, fragments (of food) + scrape (Slang) - butter.
'she set still' (i.e. sat) [Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 11]
toadstool - mushroom + wood stool.
selfabuse - abuse
or revilement of oneself, masturbation + Joyce's note: 'on the verge of suicide'
^+as how he was on the verge of selfabyss+^ had been tossing | JJA 45:059
| Dec 1923 |
'you must be most starved' (Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 8)
everything in general (Joyce's note) → Freeman's Journal 23 May 1924, 9/4: 'Hardresser's Denial. "Did Not Promise to Marry His Landlady"': 'the defendant said that at present he had no income... Mr. Henry — What became of the £5 a week? Defendant — I spent it. On what? — On everything in general'.
Birman - Burman + barman - a man who serves at the bar of a public-house.
nat (Burmese) - spirit + -gale (Burmese) - (denoting offspring) + nattergal (Danish) = Nachtigall (ger) - nightingale.
nwa-no (Burmese) = nano (Italian) - milk
towhead - a head with flaxen hair, a person having flaxen hair + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 12: 'towhead' (a river sand-bar).
toss - to lift, jerk, or throw up (the head, etc.) with a sudden, impatient, or spirited movement
shakedown - a bed made upon straw loosely disposed upon the floor or ground; hence, any makeshift bed, esp. one made up on the floor
by any manner of means - in any way whatever + Mark 4:41: 'What manner of man is this?'
if he'd a licence
'how in the nation' (Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 13)
parabellum - automatic pistol or machine gun + (notebook 1922-23): 'parabellum (rev)'.
wing (Slang) - penny + take wing - to develop rapidly, to take on greater power.
sociable - companionable, friendly, inclined to community; an open 4-wheel carriage
light - to descend
from a horse or vehicle, to dismount + "Lighting upon a sidewheel dive" recalls
the scene in Chapter 16 of Huckleberry Finn where a juggemaut-like steamboat
runs down the raft: "I dived and I aimed to find the bottom, too, for a
thirty-foot wheel had got to go over me" (131). Joyce has partially transformed
momentous dive into a suicidal leap from a Dublin tram. "Blow the sibicidal napper off himself' echoes a scene from Twain's Chapter 41, where Huck is being interrogated by the doctor about Tom Sawyer's gunshot wound: "How'd you say he got shot?" "He had a dream," I says, "and it shot him." "Singular dream," he says. (343) If one has a dream (while taking a "napper") and the dream shoots one, one could be said to be shooting oneself, committing "sibicide"-killing one's brother self-or, like Hamlet, making one's quietus ("quitybus"). (Kelly Anspaugh)
sidewheel - of
steamers, having paddle-wheels at the sides +
Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'side-wheel' (paddle steamboat) +
"Not only does Joyce recognize that Huck [Huckleberry Finn] is in some sense
dead, but he also hits on the cause of death: suicide. Many critics have read
Huck's faking of his own death as a symbolical suicide. On a page full of Huck
echoes, Joyce writes of Hosty, "setting on a twoodstool on the verge of
selfabyss..." Compare this passage with Huck's melancholy
recollection of being alone in his room at the Widow's: I felt so lonesome I most wished I was dead. The stars was shining, and the leaves rustled in the woods ever so mournful; and I heard an owl [Joyce's "night birman"?], away off, who-whooing about somebody that was dead. . . . Then away out in the woods I heard that kind of a sound that a ghostmakes when it wants to tell about something that's on its mind and can'tmake itselfunderstood, and so can't rest easy in its grave and has to go about that way every night grieving." (Kelly Anspaugh)
Dun Laoghaire (dun liri) (gael) - Laoghaire's ("calf-keeper") Fort; harbor just South of Dublin; anglic. Dun Laoghaire. Laoghaire was High King at Patrick's coming.
BLACKROCK - Town on Dublin Bay between Dublin and Dun Laoghaire; Since the 18th century a place of resort for Dubliners, reached by the "Rock Road", later by the Dalkey, Kingstown, and Blackrock tram.
tramline - a tramway; also, a tram-rail
throw true - to prouduce offspring true to the parent type, to produce + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 11: 'throw true' → "She was right about the rats. You'd see one stick his nose out of a hole in the corner every little while. She said she had to have things handy to throw at them when she was alone, or they wouldn't give her no peace. She showed me a bar of lead twisted up into a knot, and said she was a good shot with it generly, but she'd wrenched her arm a day or two ago, and didn't know whether she could throw true now. But she watched for a chance, and directly banged away at a rat; but she missed him wide, and said "Ouch!" it hurt her arm so."
suicidal + LDV: Hosty, an illstarred busker who, feeling suicidal, had been tossing on his shakedown devising ways and means of somehow getting ahold of some chap's parabellum in the hope of lighting upon a dive somewhere off the main tramline where he could go and blow the napper off himself in peace and quietness,
napper - head; one that naps
'worth two bits' (Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 9)
beatitude - supreme blessedness or happiness + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'balditude' (i.e. state of baldness).
quietness + quietibus (l) - to the dead + (notebook 1923): 'peace and quietness' → Corkery: The Hounds of Banba 120: 'The Aherns': 'If you rise again I'll go out and sleep in the shed — I'd have more peace and quietness'.
STEEVENS' HOSPITAL - At South Lane and St John's Road. Often called "Madame Steevens". Dr Richard Steevens died in 1701, the day after bequeathing his estate to his sister Griselda for her lifetime, then to build a hospital. She turned over the estate to trustees to build the hospital at once, keeping 150 pounds a year and an apartment in the hospital. She always went veiled and was thought to have a snout like a pig.
Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital
JERVIS STREET HOSPITAL - Founded 1721 as Inns Quay Charitable Infirmary; removed to Jervis Street 1728, rebulit 1803 and 1887. The street is named for Sir Humphrey Jervis, 17th-cent Sheriff of Dublin + (notebook 1923): 'I am trying to get into Jervis Street'.
Kevin, St (d.618) - eremite who lived 7 years alone in Glendalough, County Wicklow, spending his nights in a cave-Kevin's Bed, a popular tourist attraction-and his days in a hollow tree by the lake's shore. Thither came beautiful young Cathleen, who had previously tempted him at Luggelaw, and when Kevin again spurned her love, she drowned herself + Saint Kevin's Hospital, Dublin.
ADELAIDE - A Hospital, in Peter Street; founded 1839 "for Protestants only".