incurable - that cannot be cured

wellesay - alas! + Wellesley, Garrett, Lord Mornington - Wellington's father, who founded the Charitable Musical Society, which (as Mr Mink observes) financed the Hospital for Incurables on Lazar's Hill (now Townsend Street). 

welladay - exp. of sorrow, lament

cockle hat - a hat with cockleshell as the badge of a pilgrim + song Ophelia's Song: 'by his cockle hat and staff'.

wangle - to accomplish (something) in an irregular way by scheming or contrivance.


roche - a rock or cliff + FDV: O'Donnell [Peter Cloran [as an understood thing,]] slept in the same bed one bunk with hosty when day dawned and the housewife dawn-of-all-work had not been many hours furbishing potlids, doorbrasses, scholars' applecheeks & horny buttons when that busker the busker and his bedmates bedroom suite was were up and afoot crosstown thrumming his square crewth fiddle...    

O Mongain (o mongan) (gael) - descendant of Mongan (diminutive of Mongach, "hairy").

in common - in joint use or possession [(notebook 1924): 'so much in common, if the phrase be permitted'].

epi (g) - upon + psychidion (g) - a little soul + episodically - in an episodical manner; by way of episode. 

hostis et odor insuper peteroperfractus (dog latin) - an enemy and a stink besides stony broke + odor insuper (l) - smell above + perfractus (l) - frustrated.

seaborne - conveyed by sea + Swinburne, Algernon Charles (1837-1909): 'The Triumph of Time': 'I will go back to the great sweet mother, Mother and lover of men, the sea' (James Joyce: Ulysses.1.77). 

undulant - fluctuating, rippling, rolling

shaver - boy, a little child; one that shaves

shaw - a thicket, a small wood, copse or grove; show + George Bernard Shaw.

yokel - a contemptuous term for a (stupid or ignorant) countryman or rustic.

waster - one who lives in idleness and extravagance

bustling - that bustles; full of bustle or agitation

tweeny - a maidservant whose work supplements that of cook and housemaid + (notebook 1922-23): 'tweeny (betweenmaid)'.

of all works - employed in all kinds of work esp. in household (maid of all works).

meed - a reward, guerdon, or prize awarded for excellence or achievement + Byron's "Maid of Athens" begins, "Maid of Athens, ere we part." 

anthem - a song, as of praise or gladness; a hymn

jiffy - a very short space of time

furbish - to brighten by rubbing, polish, burnish; to renovate, revive

potlid - the lid of a pot (when of iron, sometimes used as a warming-pan)

brass plate - brass plate, a plate of brass, bearing an inscription, e.g. on or at a door or gate, bearing the resident's name.

linkboy - an attendant employed to bear a torch to light the way of a person abroad in the streets at night.

ashhopper - a lye (any detergent material used in washing; a cleansing substance) cask, resembling a hopper in a mill + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 32: 'one little hut all by itself away down against the back fence, and some outbuildings down a piece the other side; ash- hopper and big kettle to bile soap in by the little hut;'.

fella - fellow

longa - long + longa (Beche-la-Mar) - to.

rejuvenate - to restore to youth; to make young or fresh again

busker - an itinerant entertainer

rave - the (or an) act of raving; frenzy, great excitement

rumble - commotion, bustle, tumult, uproar

Schinken (ger) - ham

broadawake - fully awake

suite - a train of followers, attendants, or servants; a retinue

shufle - to move the feet along the ground without lifting them, so as to make a scraping noise.

THE BARREL - The area behind a stone archway (recently a shop) on the West side of Meath Street, where the Friends' Meeting House stood; thus called in the Liberties because the Quakers gave out soup to the hungry.  

cross - across, transversely + Joyce's note: 'crosstown'

linn (lin) - pool + Dublin

chilled - made sensibly cold

thrie = three

route - a way, road, or course; a certain direction taken in travelling from one place to another.

resting - a resting place

superficies - Geom. A magnitude of two dimensions, having only length and breadth + superficies (l) - surface. 

correspondent - in agreement or harmony, congruous, accordant with

linea (l) - line

puncta = punctum - a (geometrical) point + puncta (l) - points.

maniplumbo (l) - to make by hand out of lead 

Oberflache (ger) - surface

thrum - to play (a stringed instrument, or a tune on it) idly, monotonously, or unskilfully.

cruit (krit) (gael) - harp + crwth (Welsh) - bowed lyre.

fiddle - a stringed instrument of music; usually, the violin

cronan (kronan) (gael) - hum, drone + John Francis Waller: song The Spinning Wheel: 'crooning and moaning'.

witty - clever

leppy - a motherless calf + ? leapy

subject - one who is under the dominion of a monarch or reigning prince

festive - Of persons: Employed in, or fond of feasting; convivial, jovial + Fionnachta Fleadhach (finokhte flahokh) (gael) - "Fair-snow" (or, "Made known") the Festive; 7th century high king [(notebook 1923): 'King Finaghta the Festive'].

flavoury - having flavour (a smell, odour), fragrant

fryberry - a raspberry + fraise (fr) - strawberry + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 213: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'Another melodious cry... was that of the strawberry girl: Ripe strawberries, ripe strawberries'.

honeyman - a man who sells honey or has charge of bees + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 211: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'What has become of our old friend the honey-man?'

sd (Danish) - sweet + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 212: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'the tones of "Sweet lavender" do not echo through the streets'.

lavender - a washerwoman, laundress

foyne = few + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 212: (of obsolete hawkers' cries) 'Another itinerant provision merchant who had a very distinctive cry was the seasonable salmon-vendor. In a voice resonant but rather nasal he announced: Boyne salmon alive, Boyne salmon. Few would have gathered from the cry that the excellent fish had been extracted from the river Boyne, and some small people, at all events, imagined that it was "Foin salmon alive fine salmon" the man was calling' + fuine (fwini) (gael) - finish; sunset; west; Ireland.

priggish - characteristic of a prig; dishonest; dandish; conceited, pragmatical

appraise - to estimate quality or excellence of


roaration = oration - a prayer; a formal speech; a noise or hubbub + Hughes: The Pre-Victorian Drama in Dublin 6: 'John Barrington... sang and danced here his Roratorios in derision of the Oratorios in Fishamble Street'.

pawnbroking - the occupation of lending money on the security of articles pawned + FDV: ...and after a visit to a public house near not 1,000 miles from Parnell's statue [where the trio were] in company of two decent boys joined by another casual & a decent sort who had just pocketed his weekly insult where all had stimulants [[in the shape of gee and gees stood by the decent sort] at the decent sort's expense [& came out of the licensed premises wiping their mouth on their sleeves]]

prothetikos (g) - setting before itself, prefixing 

redeem - to free (mortgaged property), to recover (a person or thing put in pledge), by payment of the amount due.

songster - poet

house of call - a house where journeymen of a particular trade assemble, where carriers call for commissions, or where various persons in request may be heard of; Esp. lodging-place for tailors.

Cujas, Rue de - A short street in the 5th Arr, Paris. Joyce lived at several addresses in the area. He went first to Cecilia Street medical school in Dublin, than tried Paris in 1902-03 + cujas (l) - whence? from what place? + cuja (sp) - bedstead.

fizz - animal spirits or 'go'; an effervescing drink, esp. champagne

sot - one who commonly or habitually drinks to excess, a soaker + Old Sots' Hole - The Old Men's Home; also a chop-house which stood in a recess between Essex Bridge and the Custom House in Dublin, and which from the first years of the eighteenth century maintained the reputation of having the best ale and beef-stakes in the city + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 93: (of old inns) '"The Old Sots' Hole" was at Essex Gate' (frequented by Swift).

liberty - a district of some british cities within which certain immunities are enjoyed.

ceol mor (kyol mor) (gael) - great music

league - an itinerary measure of distance, varying in different countries, but usually estimated roughly at about 3 miles.

Griffith, Arthur (1872-1922) - edited The United Irishman, founded Sinn Fein, was briefly president of the Free State.  

site - the situation or position of a place, town, building, etc., esp. with reference to the surrounding district or locality.


Gladstone, William Ewart - statesman and four-time prime minister of Great Britain.

No man has a right to fix the boundary to the march of a nation (Parnell's dictum, which is carved below his statue in Dublin).

steward - an administrator and dispenser of wealth, favours, etc.; esp. one regarded as the servant of God or of the people.

peut-tre (fr) - perhaps