chair - a light vehicle drawn by one horse; a chaise + (notebook 1924): 'Sedan chair Hume St disappears 1841' Freeman's Journal 21 Feb 1924, 8/5: 'By the Way... The Sedan Chair': 'on the question of the introduction of taxis for hire on Dublin streets... as late as ninety years ago Sedan chairs were to be seen in the city. Of the last two to be exposed for hire, one was located at the Rotunda, and the other at the corner of Hume street. The first-mentioned did not disappear until 1841'.

bearer - one who carries or conveys; a carrier, a porter; one who brings a letter, a verbal message, tidings, rumours, etc.

bait - to make a brief halt, to stop for food and drink

homeling - a home-born inhabitant; a native + amalach (omalokh) (gael) - curled + amalog (omalog) (gael) - simpleton + Hammel (ger) - mutton.

Mosse, Bartholomew - 18th-century Dublin doctor, built the Rotunda Hospital. 

oblate father - a member of a congregation of secular priests + oblate - one who has devoted himself and his property to the service of a monastery in which he lives as a lay brother.

skinner - one that deals in skins; one that swindles or cheats

bricklayer - one who lays the bricks in building

Fleming - a native or inhabitant of Flanders

tabinet - a silk fabric similar to poplin

fumant - emmiting vapour or smoke

hammersmith - a smith who works with a hammer

chiseller - one that chisels; child, boy

bout - a contest or match

cudgel play - a fighting or sporting contest with cudgels + Hughes: The Pre-Victorian Drama in Dublin 2: 'The impression left by Shirley's prologues is that bear-baiting and cudgel-playing were more to the taste of our ancestors than plays'.

braxy - a malignant sheep disease, foot and mouth disease

bluecoat - policeman

broke - broken, peniless

gent - man, fellow, guy

Simpson's - Thom's, 1907, Dublin Annals say that the hospital for decayed citizens' children, commonly called the Blue Coat Hospital, was founded in 1670 [James Joyce: Ulysses.17.1945: 'Simpson's Hospital for reduced but respectable men permanently disabled by gout or want of sight']. Plus, Mr Wilder says, Simpson's in the Strand, London restaurant.  

on the rocks - quite destitute of means

portly - large and bulky in person; stout, corpulent

pert - lively; brisk, sprightly; in good spirits, cheerful, 'jolly'

tass - a cup or small goblet, esp. one of silver or the like; the contents of this; a small draught of liquor.

shrub - a prepared drink made with the juice of orange or lemon (or other acid fruit), sugar, and rum (or other spirit) + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 155: (quoting an old advertisement) 'all kinds of sugar, teas, the very best and freshest, for sale, and also Turkey coffee and right good Orange shrub'.

tickey - threepence

Peter Pan - used allusively for an immature adult (usu. a man); one who is emotionally (occas. physically) retarded.

Paul Pry - meddlesome hero of the comedy Paul Pry, an excessively inquisitive person.

RICHARD ATKINSON AND CO - 31 College Green; tabinet and poplin manufacturers. 

hell's delights - pandemonium

blain - a blister, botch, pustule

annuitant - one who holds, or is in receipt of, an annuity (a yearly grant, allowance, or income; the grant of an annual sum of money, for a term of years, for life, or in perpetuity) [Joyce's note: 'annuitant'].

acorn - fruit generally

deuce - the two at dice or cards; bad luck, plague, mischief

Diana - an ancient Italian female divinity, the moon-goddess, patroness of virginity and of hunting; virgin, unsullied.


particularist - an adherant of a theological doctrine that redemption through Christ is provided only for the elect.

prebendary - the holder of a prebend (the portion of the revenues of a cathedral or collegiate church granted to a canon or member of the chapter as his stipend).

tonsure - the shaving of the head or part of it as a religious practice or rite, esp. as a  preparation to entering the priesthood or a monastic order.

Uniate - a Russian, Polish, or other member of that part of the Greek Church which, while retaining its own liturgy, acknowledges the supremacy of the Pope and is in communion with  the Roman Catholic Church + (notebook 1922-23): 'Greek uniates'.

plunk - to plump, to drop down abruptly

lappet head - a head dress provided with lappets (streamers attached to a lady's headdress) + Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 156: 'Under "The Lace Lappet", in Cappel Street, could be inspected the newest style in "Lace Lappet Heads", and every kind of Point, Mechlin, and Brussels lace "that can be desired"'.

juiced - drunk

take the pledge - to promise to drink no more alcohol

uncle's (Slang) - pawnshop

tarry - spending or loss of time; delay, procrastination + song The Wake of Teddy the Tiler.

flagon - a large bottle for holding wine or other liquors, a large vessel containing a supply of drink for use at table; now esp. one with a handle and spout, and usually a lid.

commodore - Naval. An officer in command, ranking above captain and below rear-admiral; 'the senior captain, when three or more ships of war are cruising in company'; a like officer in a fleet of merchantmen + plumo (Provençal) - pen + drole (Provençal) - young boy.

weaver - a workman or workwoman whose occupation is weaving + WEAVERS' ALMSHOUSE - Recte Townsend Street Asylum, founded by weavers from the Liberties; it was in the center of the Coombe + Weaver, Harriet Shaw (1876-1961) - Englishwoman, Joyce's literary executor, publisher of Portrait of the Artist. Miss Weaver was also Joyce's patron, his mother hen in fact and in FW. She wrote on Time, was strongly teetotal, suffragette, and a member of the Communist Party. Her money came from a hard-driving forebea - a Lancashire cottonspinner; I fancy it seemed to hen "dirty" money like the slum landlord's money in Shaw's Widower's Houses. In FW Joyce mocks himself as a man kept by women - Harriet Weaver and Penelope-Molly Bloom, the clou of Ulysses - see 43.18; but he also dreamt of himself (Letters I, 261) in an oriental bazaar, a "carpetweaver" who ravels up the many-colored strands of Work in Progress (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

almshouse - a house founded by private charity, for the reception and support of the (usually aged) poor.


petticoat - a skirt as distinguished from a bodice, worn either externally, or beneath the gown or frock as part of the costume, and trimmed or ornamented;                   Ross, Betsy (1752-1836) - a note in Buffalo Workbook #17 indicates that the U.S. flag was made (?by her) from her petticoat + Joyce's parody of song 'Pretty Molly Brannigan' (after having a dream in which Molly Bloom rejects Leopold and Joyce): 'But if I cling like a child to the clouds that are your petticoats' (Gorman: James Joyce 283; Ellmann: James Joyce 550).

curate - any ecclesiastic (including a bishop, etc.) who has the spiritual charge of a body of laymen + curio (l) - priest.

O'Leary, Caoch - subject of a poem, "Caoch the Piper," by John Keegan (1809-49). Caoch is a blind old piper who outlives his friends. 

wararrow - an arrow split into segments which are sent out by a chief as a call to arms + (notebook 1924): 'wararrow sent round' Lawless: The Story of Ireland 67: (of the Battle of Clontarf) 'The War-arrow had been industriously sent round to all the neighbouring shores, peopled largely at that time with men of Norse blood'.

Thomas Osbourne Davis: song A Nation Once Again

Félibrian - relating to the Félibres (Provençal literary brotherhood or school of poets founded by Frédéric Mistral in 1854), or to the Provençal literature produced by them.

trankope (l+g) - (modeled on synkope) a cutting accross, cutting up into small pieces, cutting short.

metre - any specific form of poetic rhythm

affectioned - inclined (in any way), well affected

taiocebo (Provençal) - earwig

casudo (Provençal) - fall + Poulichinello (Provençal) - Punchinello + atahut (Provençal) - bier, coffin.

stampede - Of a herd of cattle: To become panic-stricken and take to flight.

slip - a piece of paper or parchment, esp. one which is narrow in proportion to its length + FDV: This on a slip of blue paper headed by a woodcut soon fluttered on highway & byway to the rose of the winds from lane to lattice and from mouth to ear, throughout the 5 corners of the land of Ireland, and round the land his rann it ran and this is the rann that Hosty made:  

blanco - a white preparation for whitening accoutrements + White, Blanco (d. 1841) - Roman Catholic priest of Spanish-Irish descent who left the church, became an Anglican clergyman, went to live with Archbishop Whateley in Dublin, left Anglicanism for Unitarianism + vide (fr) - empty. 

headed - furnished with a heading, written or printed

rough and ready - not elaborately or carefully contrived or finished, just good enough to serve the purpose.

woodcut - a design cut in relief on a block of wood, for printing from; a print or impression obtained from this.

Irish Statesman 2 Feb 1924, 664/1: 'Gossip of an Irish Book Lover': 'the persistent tale that a secret press existed at Dean Delaney's, Delville, Glasnevin, for the printing of the numerous pamphlets issued by Swift when at war with the government of his day' [(notebook 1924): 'Swift - Delville'].

byway - side road

rose of the winds - a diagram indicating the frequency, force, etc. of the winds at some given place.

archway - an arched or vaulted passage

lattice - a structure made of laths, or of wood or metal crossed and fastened together, with open spaces left between; used as a screen, e.g. in window openings and the like; a window, gate, screen, etc. so constructed.

black hand - a lawless secret society practicing terrorism, extortion, etc.

cuige (kuige) (gael) - one-fifth, province (anciently there were five provinces, now only four) + Puss in the Corner - children's game in which four individuals occupying the four corners of a room try to run from one corner to another while the fifth, the 'puss', on the alert in the centre, tries to rush in to claim a vacated space, so leaving the dispossessed person in the middle as a new 'puss'.

scotia - a hollow moulding; darkeness (so called from the dark shadow within the cavity) + Scotian - of or belonging to Scotland + Scotia Picta (l) - Painted Scotia (Ireland, later Scotland) + Scotia Pictorum (l) - Scotia of the Picts (Scotland) + (notebook 1923): 'United States of Asia'.

Pict - one of an ancient people of disputed origin and ethnological affinities, who formerly inhabited parts of north Britain. According to the chroniclers the Pictish kingdom was united with the Scottish under Kenneth MacAlpine in 843, and the name of the Picts as a distinct people gradually disappeared. In Scottish folk-lore, the Pechts are often represented as a dark pygmy race, or an underground people; and sometimes identified with elves, brownies, or fairies.

strain - a musical sequence of sounds, a melody, tune

peaceful + silent flute (Slang) - penis.

uncrowned king - a man exerting autocratic influence over a specified sphere; a dominant man.

instruments + screw (Slang) - to fuck.

PIGOTT AND CO. - Music and Pianoforte Warehouse, 112 Grafton Street, around the turn of the century.  

cielo (it) - sky

liuto (it) - lute

Delaney, Patrick - the Phoenix Park assassin who testified against Parnell at the Parnell Commission.

downpour - a pouring down; esp. a heavy, continuous fall (of rain, etc.)

plaudit - an act of applauding; a round of applause

rapsodist - a collector of literary pieces (obs.); a reciter of poems

pipe - to play (a tune, music) upon a pipe

soort (Dutch) - sort, kind

Percival, Parsifal - Grail knight, subject of a Wagnerian opera + (notebook 1924): 'namesakes are like'.

sput - to urge, incite; p. of spit + sput- (ger) - hurry.