snowy - snowwhite + The Snowy-breasted Pearl (song).


A Wild Mountain Air (song)

ductor - a leader, the leader of a band of music

fezzy - furnished with or wearing a fez

fuzz - a mass of fine, light, fluffy particles; the beard of an adolescent boy + (elevation of host and ritual of chalice in Wagner's Parsifal).

bludgeon - a short stout stick or club, with one end loaded or thicker and heavier than the other, used as a weapon

signum - sign, signature

chase + (knights of the Grail).

Longfellow + (singer). 

silentium in curia (l) - silence in the court

maypole - a tall pole in an open place and wreathed with flowers forming a center for may day sports

canto - a song, ballad (obs.); one of the major divisions of a long poem

chorussed - singed in chorus

christen - baptize, to give a name to

tollgate - a point where vehicles pause to pay toll

Annona (l) - goddess; Roman corn-goddess + Saint Andrew's Street and Church - site of Thingmote, Norse parliament in Dublin.

rann - a stanza of a song, a verse + 'rann' (Joyce's note) → Fitzpatrick: Ireland and the Making of Britain 164: 'Crimthann... gained victories and extended his sway over Alba, Britain and Gaul, as the Shanachie tells us in the following rann: "Crimthann, son of Fidach, ruled The Alban and the Irish lands, Beyond the clear blue seas he quelled The British and the Gallic might"'.

rann (ger) - flowed + ran + Joyce's note: 'Hosty's ballad wrapt round a barrel'.  

buachaill (bukhel) (gael) - boy

caile (kalyi) (gael) - girl, wench

vier (German, Dutch) - four + skirts and breeches, versified and persified (? Persse/Percival).

stoney = stony + story

here lie the remains of


mote = moot - to argue, to plead, to discuss, dispute, esp. in a law case.

Mike - an Irishman; a Roman Catoholic

dub - to name, style, nickname

llyn - a lake or pool in Wales + O Fhlainn (o lin) (gael) - descendant of Flann ("Ruddy"); anglic. Lynn + Dublin.

Fionn (fin) (gael) - fair + Finn.

Lug on Lugh (known as Lamhfada or "long armed," and as Lugaid) - Gaelic sungod

bog (bug) (gael) - soft + bog (Serbian) - god.

Dunlop, Daniel - the Dunlop of Ulysses (183), president of the Dublin Theosophical Society when AE was vice-president, founder of the British Anthropological Society + Dunlop (tyres) + Daniel O'Connell. 

lex - law

lax - salmon

Gunn, Michael - manager of The Gaiety Theatre, Dublin

Guinness, Arthur - founder of the Guinness brewery

apt - to make fit, adapt (to), prepare suitably (for)

Art (art) (gael) - stone; bear + arth (Welsh) - bear.


Bartholomew Vanhomrigh - father of Swift's Vanessa

coll (kol) (gael) - hazel tree; letter C

noll - head + 'Old Nol' - nickname of Cromwell.

parse - to describe (a word in a sentence) grammatically, by stating the part of speech, inflexion, and relation to the rest of the sentence + I'll Name the Boy Dennis, or No Name at All (song).

Patrick Henry Pearse (10 November 1879 – 3 May 1916) was an Irish teacher, barrister, poet, writer, nationalist and political activist who was one of the leaders of the Easter Rising in 1916. Following the collapse of the Rising and the execution of Pearse, along with his brother (Willie Pearse) and fourteen other leaders, Pearse came to be seen by many as the embodiment of the rebellion.

Michael Joseph O'Rahilly (22 April 1875 - 29 April 1916) self-described as The O'Rahilly was an Irish nationalist who took part in the Easter Rising, during which he was killed in the fighting + perce-oreille (French) - earwig.

arrah - exp. of surprise or excitement

frosty - affected with or characterized by frost; reduced to a temperature at or below freezing-point; ice-cold + FDV: Sure leave it to Hosty, frosty fiddler, leave it to Hosty he's the man to ran run the rann, the wran of all ranns.

rann (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - wren + Irish children used to carry a dead wren on a stick from door to door collecting money on Saint Stephen's Day (26 December) + Ulysses (15): (BLOOM’S BOYS): 'The wren, the wren, / The king of all birds, / Saint Stephen's his day, / Was caught in the furze'.

ha - have

han't - have not, has not

"I'am shooting my load... I'am coming I'am coming I'am -" (Bret Easton Ellis: Glamorama)

brum - to murmur, hum + brummen (German) - to buzz, to grunt, to snarl + brimming + General Cambronne was said to have shouted 'merde' at the battle of Waterloo [009.27]

clip clop - imitations of sounds of alternating rhythm

glass crash (Joyce's note) Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 16: 'Glass Crash. -- A quantity of broken glass emptied from a bucket on to a piece of sheet iron used to give the illusion of breaking glass'.

khlopat (Russian) - clap

Klatsch (ger) - applaud

battere (fr) - to clap

krotoi (gr) - loud explosive noises

greadadh (gradu) (gael) - clapping

ardite! (it) - dare!, be brave! + ardite (it) - brave women + audite! (l) - hear!, listen! (plural) + arduigh e (Irish) - lift it (masculine).

arditi (it) - brave men, brave ones (name applied to special assault units of the Italian army in World War I) + Luigi Arditi - 19th century Italian conductor and composer, based in London but touring worldwide, including Dublin (Fitzpatrick: Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account 267: 'the veteran conductor Signor Arditi was as well known in Dublin as the Nelson Pillar'; his picture appears on Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 14) + arduigh i (Irish) - lift it (feminine).

musique (fr) - music + cue - humour, disposition, mood, frame of mind (proper to any action) + Joyce's note: 'Music Cue' Fay: A Short Glossary of Theatrical Terms 19: 'Music Cue. -- A note on the prompt copy of a play to indicate where music is to be used either on the stage or in the orchestra'.

FDV: Have you heard of a one Humptydumpty / How he fell with a roll and a rumble / And hifat lay low like old Oliver Crumple / Behind Aback By the back of the magazine wall / of the the magazine wall + REFERENCE