James Joyce
Book II

Chapter 1

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    Every evening at lighting up o'clock sharp and until further
notice in Feenichts Playhouse. (Bar and conveniences always
open, Diddlem Club douncestears.) Entrancings: gads, a scrab;
the quality, one large shilling. Newly billed for each wickeday
perfumance. Somndoze massinees. By arraignment, childream's
hours, expercatered. Jampots, rinsed porters, taken in token. With
nightly redistribution of parts and players by the puppetry pro-
ducer and daily dubbing of ghosters, with the benediction of the
Holy Genesius Archimimus and under the distinguished patron-
age of their Elderships the Oldens from the four coroners of
Findrias, Murias, Gorias and Falias, Messoirs the Coarbs, Clive
Sollis, Galorius Kettle, Pobiedo Lancey and Pierre Dusort,
while the Caesar-in-Chief looks. On. Sennet. As played to the
Adelphi by the Brothers Bratislavoff (Hyrcan and Haristobulus),
after humpteen dumpteen revivals. Before all the King's Hoarsers
with all the Queen's Mum. And wordloosed over seven seas
crowdblast in cellelleneteutoslavzendlatinsoundscript. In four
tubbloids. While fern may cald us until firn make cold. The Mime
of Mick, Nick and the Maggies, adopted from the Ballymooney
Bloodriddon Murther by Bluechin Blackdillain (authorways 'Big
Storey'), featuring:
    GLUGG (Mr Seumas McQuillad, hear the riddles between the
robot in his dress circular and the gagster in the rogues' gallery),
the bold bad bleak boy of the storybooks, who, when the tabs go

up, as we discover, because he knew to mutch, has been divorced
into disgrace court by
    THE FLORAS (Girl Scouts from St. Bride's Finishing Establish-
ment, demand acidulateds), a month's bunch of pretty maidens
who, while they pick on her, their pet peeve, form with valkyri-
enne licence the guard for
    IZOD (Miss Butys Pott, ask the attendantess for a leaflet), a be-
witching blonde who dimples delightfully and is approached in
loveliness only by her grateful sister reflection in a mirror, the cloud
of the opal, who, having jilted Glugg, is being fatally fascinated by
    CHUFF (Mr Sean O'Mailey, see the chalk and sanguine picto-
graph on the safety drop), the fine frank fairhaired fellow of the
fairytales, who wrestles for tophole with the bold bad bleak boy
Glugg, geminally about caps or puds or tog bags or bog gats or
chuting rudskin gunerally or something, until they adumbrace a
pattern of somebody else or other, after which they are both car-
ried off the set and brought home to be well soaped, sponged and
scrubbed again by
    ANN (Miss Corrie Corriendo, Grischun scoula, bring the babes,
Pieder, Poder and Turtey, she mistributes mandamus monies,
after perdunamento, hendrud aloven entrees, pulcinellis must not
miss our national rooster's rag), their poor little old mother-in-
lieu, who is woman of the house, playing opposite to
    HUMP (Mr Makeall Gone, read the sayings from Laxdalesaga
in the programme about King Ericus of Schweden and the spirit's
whispers in his magical helmet), cap-a-pipe with watch and top-
per, coat, crest and supporters, the cause of all our grievances,
the whirl, the flash and the trouble, who, having partially re-
covered from a recent impeachment due to egg everlasting, but
throughandthoroughly proconverted, propounded for cyclo-
logical, is, studding sail once more, jibsheets and royals, in the
semblance of the substance for the membrance of the umbrance
with the remnance of the emblence reveiling a quemdam super-
cargo, of The Rockery, Poopinheavin, engaged in entertaining
in his pilgrimst customhouse at Caherlehome-upon-Eskur those
statutory persons

    THE CUSTOMERS (Components of the Afterhour Courses at St.
Patricius' Academy for Grownup Gentlemen, consult the annu-
ary, coldporters sibsuction), a bundle of a dozen of representa-
tive locomotive civics, each inn quest of outings, who are still
more sloppily served after every cup final by
    SAUNDERSON (Mr Knut Oelsvinger, Tiffsdays off, wouldntstop
in bad, imitation of flatfish, torchbearing supperaape, dud half-
sovereign, no chee daily, rolly pollsies, Glen of the Downs, the
Gugnir, his geyswerks, his earsequack, his lokistroki, o.s.v.), a
scherinsheiner and spoilcurate, unconcerned in the mystery but
under the inflounce of the milldieuw and butt of
    KATE (Miss Rachel Lea Varian, she tells forkings for baschfel-
lors, under purdah of card palmer teaput tosspot Madam d'Elta,
during the pawses), kook-and-dishdrudge, whitch believes wan-
thingthats, whouse be the churchyard or whorts up the aasgaars,
the show must go on.
    Time: the pressant.
    With futurist onehorse balletbattle pictures and the Pageant
of Past History worked up with animal variations amid ever-
glaning mangrovemazes and beorbtracktors by Messrs Thud and
Blunder. Shadows by the film folk, masses by the good people.
Promptings by Elanio Vitale. Longshots, upcloses, outblacks and
stagetolets by Hexenschuss, Coachmaher, Incubone and Rock-
narrag. Creations tastefully designed by Madame Berthe Dela-
mode. Dances arranged by Harley Quinn and Coollimbeina.
Jests, jokes, jigs and jorums for the Wake lent from the properties
of the late cemented Mr T. M. Finnegan R.I.C. Lipmasks and
hairwigs by Ouida Nooikke. Limes and Floods by Crooker and
Toll. Kopay pibe by Kappa Pedersen. Hoed Pine hat with
twentyfour ventholes by Morgen. Bosse and stringbag from
Heteroditheroe's and All Ladies' presents. Tree taken for grafted.
Rock rent. Phenecian blends and Sourdanian doofpoosts by
Shauvesourishe and Wohntbedarft. The oakmulberryeke with
silktrick twomesh from Shop-Sowry, seedsmanchap. Grabstone
beg from General Orders Mailed. The crack (that's Cork!) by
a smoker from the gods. The interjection (Buckley!) by the fire-

ment in the pit. Accidental music providentially arranged by
L'Archet and Laccorde. Melodiotiosities in purefusion by the
score. To start with in the beginning, we need hirtly bemark,
a community prayer, everyone for himself, and to conclude
with as an exodus, we think it well to add, a chorale in canon,
good for us all for us all us all all. Songs betune the acts by
the ambiamphions of Annapolis, Joan MockComic, male so-
prano, and Jean Souslevin, bass noble, respectively: O, Mester
Sogermon, ef thes es whot ye deux, then I'm not surpleased ye
want that bottle of Sauvequipeu and Oh Off Nunch Der Rasche
Ver Lasse Mitsch Nitscht. Till the summit scenes of climbacks
castastrophear, The Bearded Mountain (Polymop Barethe-
rootsch), and The River Romps to Nursery (Maidykins in Undi-
form). The whole thugogmagog, including the portions under-
stood to be oddmitted as the results of the respective titulars
neglecting to produce themselves, to be wound up for an after-
enactment by a Magnificent Transformation Scene showing the
Radium Wedding of Neid and Moorning and the Dawn of
Peace, Pure, Perfect and Perpetual, Waking the Weary of the
    An argument follows.
    Chuffy was a nangel then and his soard fleshed light like like-
ning. Fools top! Singty, sangty, meekly loose, defendy nous from
prowlabouts. Make a shine on the curst. Emen.
    But the duvlin sulph was in Glugger, that lost-to-lurning.
Punct. He was sbuffing and sputing, tussing like anisine, whip-
ping his eyesoult and gnatsching his teats over the brividies from
existers and the outher liubbocks of life. He halth kelchy chosen
a clayblade and makes prayses to his three of clubs. To part from
these, my corsets, is into overlusting fear. Acts of feet, hoof and
jarrety: athletes longfoot. Djowl, uphere!
    Aminxt that nombre of evelings, but how pierceful in their so-
jestiveness were those first girly stirs, with zitterings of flight re-
leased and twinglings of twitchbells in rondel after, with waver-
ings that made shimmershake rather naightily all the duskcended
airs and shylit beaconings from shehind hims back. Sammy, call

on. Mirrylamb, she was shuffering all the diseasinesses of the un-
herd of. Mary Louisan Shousapinas! If Arck could no more salve
his agnols from the wiles of willy wooly woolf! If all the airish
signics of her dipandump helpabit from an Father Hogam till
the Mutther Masons could not that Glugg to catch her by the
calour of her brideness! Not Rose, Sevilla nor Citronelle; not
Esmeralde, Pervinca nor Indra; not Viola even nor all of them
four themes over. But, the monthage stick in the melmelode jawr,
I am (twintomine) all thees thing. Up tighty in the front, down
again on the loose, drim and drumming on her back and a pop
from her whistle. What is that, O holytroopers? Isot givin yoe?
    Up he stulpled, glee you gees, with search a fling did die near
sea, beamy owen and calmy hugh and if you what you my call for
me I will wishyoumaycull for you.
    And they are met, face a facing. They are set, force to force.
And no such Copenhague-Marengo was less so fated for a fall
since in Glenasmole of Smiling Thrushes Patch Whyte passed
O'Sheen ascowl.
    Arrest thee, scaldbrother! came the evangelion, sabre accu-
sant, from all Saint Joan's Wood to kill or maim him, and be
dumm but ill s'arrested. Et would proffer to his delected one the
his trifle from the grass.
    A space. Who are you? The cat's mother. A time. What do
you lack? The look of a queen.
    But what is that which is one going to prehend? Seeks, buzzling
is brains, the feinder.
    The howtosayto itiswhatis hemustwhomust worden schall.
A darktongues, kunning. O theoperil! Ethiaop lore, the poor lie.
He askit of the hoothed fireshield but it was untergone into the
matthued heaven. He soughed it from the luft but that bore ne
mark ne message. He luked upon the bloomingrund where ongly
his corns were growning. At last he listed back to beckline how
she pranked alone so johntily. The skand for schooling.
    With nought a wired from the wordless either.
    Item. He was hardset then. He wented to go (somewhere) while
he was weeting. Utem. He wished to grieve on the good persons, that

is the four gentlemen. Otem. And it was not a long time till he was
feeling true forim he was goodda purssia and it was short after that
he was fooling mehaunt to mehynte he was an injine ruber. Etem.
He was at his thinker's aunts to give (the four gentlemen) the 
presence (of a curpse). And this is what he would be willing. He 
fould the fourd; they found the hurtled stones; they fell ill with the 
gravy duck: and he sod town with the roust of the meast. Atem.
    Towhere byhangs ourtales.
    Ah ho! This poor Glugg! It was so said of him about of his old
fontmouther. Truly deplurabel! A dire, O dire! And all the freight-
fullness whom he inhebited after his colline born janitor. Some-
time towerable! With that hehry antlets on him and the bauble-
light bulching out of his sockets whiling away she sprankled his
allover with her noces of interregnation: How do you do that lack
a lock and pass the poker, please? And bids him tend her, lute
and airly. Sing, sweetharp, thing to me anone! So that Glugg,
the poor one, in that limbopool which was his subnesciousness
he could scares of all knotknow whither his morrder had bourst
a blabber or if the vogalstones that hit his tynpan was that mearly
his skoll missed her. Misty's trompe or midst his flooting? Ah,
ho! Cicely, awe!
    The youngly delightsome frilles-in-pleyurs are now showen
drawen, if bud one, or, if in florileague, drawens up consociately
at the hinder sight of their commoner guardian. Her boy fiend or
theirs, if they are so plurielled, cometh up as a trapadour, sinking
how he must fand for himself by gazework what their colours
wear as they are all showen drawens up. Tireton, cacheton, tire-
ton, ba! Doth that not satisfy youth, sir? Quanty purty bellas,
here, Madama Lifay! And what are you going to charm them to,
Madama, do say? Cinderynelly angled her slipper; it was cho
chiny yet braught her a groom. He will angskt of them from their
commoner guardian at next lineup (who is really the rapier of the
two though thother brother can hold his own, especially for he
bandished it with his hand the hold time, mamain, a simply gra-
cious: Mi, O la!), and reloose that thong off his art: Hast thou feel
liked carbunckley ones? Apun which his poohoor pricoxity theirs

is a little tittertit of hilarity (Lad-o'-me-soul! Lad-o'-me-soul,
see!) and the wordchary is atvoiced ringsoundinly by their toots
ensembled, though not meaning to be clever, but just with a shrug
of their hips to go to troy and harff a freak at himself by all that
story to the ulstramarines. Otherwised, holding their noises,
they insinuate quiet private, Ni, he make peace in his preaches
and play with esteem.
    Warewolff! Olff! Toboo!
    So olff for his topheetuck the ruck made raid, aslick aslegs
would run; and he ankered on his hunkers with the belly belly
prest. Asking: What's my muffinstuffinaches for these times? To
weat: Breath and bother and whatarcurss. Then breath more
bother and more whatarcurss. Then no breath no bother but wor-
rawarrawurms. And Shim shallave shome.
    As Rigagnolina to Mountagnone, what she meaned he could
not can. All she meaned was golten sylvup, all she meaned was
some Knight's ploung jamn. It's driving her dafft like he's so
dumnb. If he'd lonely talk instead of only gawk as thought yate-
man hat stuck hits stick althrough his spokes and if he woold nut
wolly so! Hee. Speak, sweety bird! Mitzymitzy! Though I did
ate tough turf I'm not the bogdoxy.
          Have you monbreamstone?
          or Hellfeuersteyn?
          Or Van Diemen's coral pearl?
    He has lost.
    Off to clutch, Glugg! Forwhat! Shape your reres, Glugg!
Foreweal! Ring we round, Chuff! Fairwell! Chuffchuff's inners
even. All's rice with their whorl!
    Yet, ah tears, who can her mater be? She's promised he'd eye
her. To try up her pretti. But now it's so longed and so fared and
so forth. Jerry for jauntings. Alabye! Fled.
    The flossies all and mossies all they drooped upon her draped
brimfall. The bowknots, the showlots, they wilted into woeblots.

The pearlagraph, the pearlagraph, knew whitchly whether to weep
or laugh. For always down in Carolinas lovely Dinahs vaunt their
    Poor Isa sits a glooming so gleaming in the gloaming; the tin-
celles a touch tarnished wind no lovelinoise awound her swan's.
Hey, lass! Woefear gleam she so glooming, this pooripathete I
solde? Her beauman's gone of a cool. Be good enough to symper-
ise. If he's at anywhere she's therefor to join him. If it's to no-
where she's going to too. Buf if he'll go to be a son to France's
she'll stay daughter of Clare. Bring tansy, throw myrtle, strew
rue, rue, rue. She is fading out like Journee's clothes so you can't
see her now. Still we know how Day the Dyer works, in dims
and deeps and dusks and darks. And among the shades that Eve's
now wearing she'll meet anew fiancy, tryst and trow. Mammy
was, Mimmy is, Minuscoline's to be. In the Dee dips a dame and
the dame desires a demselle but the demselle dresses dolly and
the dolly does a dulcydamble. The same renew. For though
she's unmerried she'll after truss up and help that hussyband how
to hop. Hip it and trip it and chirrub and sing. Lord Chuffy's sky
sheraph and Glugg's got to swing.
    So and so, toe by toe, to and fro they go round, for they are the
ingelles, scattering nods as girls who may, for they are an angel's
    Catchmire stockings, libertyed garters, shoddyshoes, quicked
out with selver. Pennyfair caps on pinnyfore frocks and a ring on
her fomefing finger. And they leap so looply, looply, as they link
to light. And they look so loovely, loovelit, noosed in a nuptious
night. Withasly glints in. Andecoy glants out. They ramp it a
little, a lessle, a lissle. Then rompride round in rout.
    Say them all but tell them apart, cadenzando coloratura! R is
Rubretta and A is Arancia, Y is for Yilla and N for greeneriN. B
is Boyblue with odalisque O while W waters the fleurettes of no-
vembrance. Though they're all but merely a schoolgirl yet these
way went they. I' th' view o' th'avignue dancing goes entrancing
roundly. Miss Oodles of Anems before the Luvium doeslike. So.
And then again doeslike. So. And miss Endles of Eons efter Dies

of Eirae doeslike. So. And then again doeslike. So. The many
wiles of Winsure.
    The grocer's bawd she slips her hand in the haricot bag, the
lady in waiting sips her sup from the paraffin can, Mrs Wildhare
Quickdoctor helts her skelts up the casuaway the flasht instinct
she herds if a tinkle of tunder, the widow Megrievy she knits cats'
cradles, this bountiful actress leashes a harrier under her tongue,
and here's the girl who she's kneeled in coldfashion and she's told
her priest (spt!) she's pot on a chap (chp!) and this lass not least,
this rickissime woman, who she writes foot fortunes money times
over in the nursery dust with her capital thumb. Buzz. All run-
away sheep bound back bopeep, trailing their teenes behind
them. And these ways wend they. And those ways went they.
Winnie, Olive and Beatrice, Nelly and Ida, Amy and Rue. Here
they come back, all the gay pack, for they are the florals, from
foncey and pansey to papavere's blush, foresake-me-nought,
while there's leaf there's hope, with primtim's ruse and marry-
may's blossom, all the flowers of the ancelles' garden.
    But vicereversing thereout from those palms of perfection to
anger arbour, treerack monatan, scroucely out of scout of ocean,
virid with woad, what tornaments of complementary rages rocked
the divlun from his punchpoll to his tummy's shentre as he dis-
plaid all the oathword science of his visible disgrace. He was
feeling so funny and floored for the cue, all over which girls as
he don't know whose hue. If goosseys gazious would but fain
smile him a smile he would be fondling a praise he ate some nice
bit of fluff. But no geste reveals the unconnouth. They're all
odds against him, the beasties. Scratch. Start.
    He dove his head into Wat Murrey, gave Stewart Ryall a puck
on the plexus, wrestled a hurry-come-union with the Gillie Beg,
wiped all his sinses, martial and menial, out of Shrove Sundy
MacFearsome, excremuncted as freely as any frothblower into
MacIsaac, had a belting bout, chaste to chaste, with McAdoo
about nothing and, childhood's age being aye the shameleast, tel
a Tartaran tastarin toothsome tarrascone tourtoun, vestimentiv-
orous chlamydophagian, imbretellated himself for any time un-

tellable with what hung over to the Machonochie Middle from
the MacSiccaries of the Breeks. Home!
    Allwhile, moush missuies from mungy monsie, preying in
his mind, son of Everallin, within himself, he swure. Macnoon
maggoty mag! Cross of a coppersmith bishop! He would split.
He do big squeal like holy Trichepatte. Seek hells where from
yank islanders the petriote's absolation. Mocknitza! Genik! He
take skiff come first dagrene day overwide tumbler, rough and
dark, till when bow of the shower show of the bower with three
shirts and a wind, pagoda permettant, crookolevante, the bruce,
the coriolano and the ignacio. From prudals to the secular but
from the cumman to the nowter. Byebye, Brassolis, I'm breaving!
Our war, Dully Gray! A conansdream of lodascircles, he here
schlucefinis. Gelchasser no more! Mischnary for the minestrary
to all the sems of Aram. Shimach, eon of Era. Mum's for's
maxim, ban's for's book and Dodgesome Dora for hedgehung
sheolmastress. And Unkel Silanse coach in diligence. Discon-
nection of the succeeding. He wholehog himself for carberry
banishment care of Pencylmania, Bretish Armerica, to melt Mrs
Gloria of the Bunkers' Trust, recorporated, (prunty!) by meteo-
romancy and linguified heissrohgin, quit to hail a hurry laracor
and catch the Paname-Turricum and regain that absendee tarry
easty, his citta immediata, by an alley and detour with farecard
awailable getrennty years. Right for Rovy the Roder. From the
safe side of distance! Libera, nostalgia! Beate Laurentie O'Tuli,
Euro pra nobis! Every monk his own cashel where every little
ligger is his own liogotenente with inclined jambs in full purview
to his pronaose and to the deretane at his reredoss. Fuisfinister,
fuyerescaper! He would, with the greatest of ease, before of
weighting midhook, by dear home trashold on the raging canal,
for othersites of Jorden, (heave a hevy, waterboy!) make one
of hissens with a knockonacow and a chow collegions and fire
off, gheol ghiornal, foull subustioned mullmud, his farced epistol
to the hibruws. From Cernilius slomtime prepositus of Toumaria
to the clutch in Anteach. Salvo! Ladigs and jointuremen! No more
turdenskaulds! Free leaves for ebribadies! All tinsammon in the

yord! With harm and aches till farther alters! Wild primates not
stop him frem at rearing a writing in handy antics. Nom de
plume! Gout strap Fenlanns! And send Jarge for Mary Ink-
lenders! And daunt you logh if his vineshanky's schwemmy!
For he is the general, make no mistake in he. He is General
    Go in for scribenery with the satiety of arthurs in S.P.Q.R.ish
and inform to the old sniggering publicking press and its nation
of sheepcopers about the whole plighty troth between them, ma-
lady of milady made melodi of malodi, she, the lalage of lyon-
esses, and him, her knave arrant. To Wildrose La Gilligan from
Croppy Crowhore. For all within crystal range.
    Ukalepe. Loathers' leave. Had Days. Nemo in Patria. The 
Luncher Out. Skilly and Carubdish. A Wondering Wreck. From 
the Mermaids' Tavern. Bullyfamous. Naughtsycalves. Mother of 
Misery. Walpurgas Nackt.
    Maleesh! He would bare to untired world of Leimunconon-
nulstria (and what a strip poker globbtrottel they pairs would
looks!) how wholefallows, his guffer, the sabbatarian (might
faction split his beard!), he too had a great big oh in the
megafundum of his tomashunders and how her Lettyshape, his
gummer, that congealed sponsar, she had never cessed at waking
malters among the jemassons since the duft that meataxe delt
her made her microchasm as gap as down low. So they fished
in the kettle and fought free and if she bit his tailibout all hat
tiffin for thea. He would jused sit it all write down just as he
would jused set it up all writhefully rate in blotch and void,
yielding to no man in hymns ignorance, seeing how heartsilly
sorey he was, owning to the condrition of his bikestool. And,
reading off his fleshskin and writing with his quillbone, fillfull
ninequires with it for his auditers, Caxton and Pollock, a most
moraculous jeeremyhead sindbook for all the peoples, under the
presidency of the suchess of sceaunonsceau, a hadtobe heldin,
thoroughly enjoyed by many so meny on block at Boyrut season
and for their account ottorly admired by her husband in sole in-
timacy, about whose told his innersense and the grusomehed's

yoeureeke of his spectrescope and why he was off colour and how
he was ambothed upon by the very spit of himself, first on the
cheekside by Michelangelo and, besouns thats, over on the owld
jowly side by Bill C. Babby, and the suburb's formule why they
provencials drollo eggspilled him out of his homety dometry nar-
rowedknee domum because
all his creature comfort was an omulette finas erbas in an ark finis
orbe and, no master how mustered, mind never mend, he could
neither swuck in nonneither swimp in the flood of cecialism and
the best and schortest way of blacking out a caughtalock of all
the sorrors of Sexton until he would accoster her coume il fou in
teto-dous as a wagoner would his mudheeldy wheesindonk at
their trist in Parisise after tourments of tosend years, bread cast
out on waters, making goods at mutuurity, Mondamoiseau of
Casanuova and Mademoisselle from Armentières. Neblonovi's
Nivonovio! Nobbio and Nuby in ennoviacion! Occitantitempoli!
He would si through severalls of sanctuaries maywhatmay might-
whomight so as to meet somewhere, if produced, on a demi pans-
sion for his whole lofetime, payment in goo to slee music and
poisonal comfany, following which, like Ipsey Secumbe, when he
fingon to foil the fluter, she could have all the g. s. M. she moo-
hooed after fore and rickwards to herslF, including science of
sonorous silence, while he, being brung up on soul butter, have
recourse of course to poetry. With tears for his coronaichon,
such as engines weep. Was liffe worth leaving? Nej!
    Tholedoth, treetrene! Zokrahsing, stone! Arty, reminiscen-
sitive, at bandstand finale on grand carriero, dreaming largesse
of lifesighs over early lived offs — all old Sators of the Sowsceptre
highly nutritius family histrionic, genitricksling with Avus and
Avia, that simple pair, and descendant down on veloutypads by a
vuncular process to Nurus and Noverca, those notorious nepotists,
circumpictified in their sobrine census, patriss all of them by the
glos on their germane faces and their socerine eyes like transparents
of vitricus, patruuts to a man, the archimade levirs of his ekonome
world. Remember thee, castle throwen? Ones propsperups treed,
now stohong baroque. And oil paint use a pumme if yell trace

me there title to where was a hovel not a havel (the first rattle of
his juniverse) with a tingtumtingling and a next, next and next
(gin a paddy? got a petty? gussies, gif it ope?), while itch ish
    — My God, alas, that dear olt tumtum home
    Whereof in youthfood port I preyed
    Amook the verdigrassy convict vallsall dazes.
    And cloitered for amourmeant in thy boosome shede!

    His mouthfull of ecstasy (for Shing-Yung-Thing in Shina from
Yoruyume across the Timor Sea), herepong (maladventure!) shot
pinging up through the errorooth of his wisdom (who thought
him a Fonar all, feastking of shellies by googling Lovvey, regally
freytherem, eagelly plumed, and wasbut gumboil owrithy prods
wretched some horsery megee plods coffin acid odarkery pluds
dense floppens mugurdy) as thought it had been zawhen intwo.
Wholly sanguish blooded up disconvulsing the fixtures of his
fizz. Apang which his tempory chewer med him a crazy chump
of a Haveajube Sillayass. Joshua Croesus, son of Nunn! Though
he shall live for millions of years a life of billions of years, from
their roseaced glows to their violast lustres, he shall not forget
that pucking Pugases. Holihowlsballs and bloody acres! Like
gnawthing unheardth!
    But, by Jove Chronides, Seed of Summ, after at he had bate
his breastplates for, forforget, forforgetting his birdsplace, it was
soon that, that he, that he rehad himself. By a prayer? No, that
comes later. By contrite attrition? Nay, that we passed. Mid
esercizism? So is richt.
    And it was so. And Malthos Moramor resumed his soul. With:
Go Ferchios off to Allad out of this! An oldsteinsong. He threwed
his fit up to his aers, rolled his poligone eyes, snivelled from his
snose and blew the guff out of his hornypipe. The hopjoimt jerk
of a ladle broom jig that he learned in locofoco when a redhot
turnspite he. Under reign of old Roastin the Bowl Ratskillers,
readyos! Why was that man for he's doin her wrong! Lookery
looks, how he's knots in his entrails! Mookery mooks, it's a
grippe of his gripes. Seekeryseeks, why his biting he's head off?

Cokerycokes, it's his spurt of coal. And may his tarpitch dilute
not give him chromitis! For the mauwe that blinks you blank is
mostly Carbo. Where the inflammabilis might pursuive his com-
burenda with a pure flame and a true flame and a flame all too-
gasser, soot. The worst is over. Wait! And the dubuny Mag may
gang to preesses. With Dinny Finneen, me canty, ho! In the lost
of the gleamens. Sousymoust. For he would himself deal a treat-
ment as might be trusted in anticipation of his inculmination unto
fructification for the major operation. When (pip!) a message
interfering intermitting interskips from them (pet!) on herzian
waves, (call her venicey names! call her a stell!) a butterfly from
her zipclasped handbag, a wounded dove astarted from, escaping
out her forecotes. Isle wail for yews, O doherlynt! The poetesser.
And around its scorched cap she has twilled a twine of flame to
let the laitiest know she's marrid. And pim it goes backballed. Tot
burns it so leste. A claribel cumbeck to errind. Hers before his
even, posted ere penned. He's your change, thinkyou methim.
Go daft noon, madden, mind the step. Please stoop O to please.
Stop. What saying? I have soreunder from to him now, dear-
mate ashore, so, so compleasely till I can get redressed, which
means the end of my stays in the languish of Tintangle. Is you
zealous of mes, brother? Did you boo moiety lowd? You sup-
poted to be the on conditiously rejected? Satanly, lade! Can that
sobstuff, whingeywilly! Stop up, mavrone, and sit in my lap,
Pepette, though I'd much rather not. Like things are m. ds. is all
in vincibles. Decoded.
    Now a run for his money! Now a dash to her dot! Old cocker,
young crowy sifadda, sosson. A bran new, speedhount, out-
stripperous on the wind. Like a waft to wingweary one or a sos
to a coastguard. For directly with his whoop, stop and an upa-
lepsy didando a tishy, in appreciable less time than it takes a
glaciator to submerger an Atlangthis, was he again, agob, before
the trembly ones, a spark's gap off, doubledasguesched, gotten
orlop in a simplasailormade and shaking the storm out of his
hiccups. The smartest vessel you could find would elazilee him
on her knee as her lucky for the Rio Grande. He's a pigtaiI tarr

and if he hadn't got it toothick he'd a telltale tall of his pitcher
on a wall with his photure in the papers for cutting moutonlegs
and capers, letting on he'd jest be japers and his tail cooked up.
    Goal! It's one by its length.
    Angelinas, hide from light those hues that your sin beau may
bring to light! Though down to your dowerstrip he's bent to
knee he maun't know ledgings here.
    For a haunting way will go and you need not make your mow.
Find the frenge for frocks and translace it into shocks of such as
touch with show and show.
    He is guessing at hers for all he is worse, the seagoer. Hark to
his wily geeses goosling by, and playfair, lady! And note that they
who will for exile say can for dog while them that won't leave
ingle end says now for know.
    For he faulters how he hates to trouble them without.
    But leaving codhead's mitre and the heron's plumes sinistrant
to the server of servants and rex of regums and making a bolder-
dash for lubberty of speech he asks not have you seen a match
being struck nor is this powder mine but, letting punplays pass
to ernest:
          Haps thee jaoneofergs?
          Haps thee mayjaunties?
          Haps thee per causes nunsibellies?
          Asky, asky, asky! Gau on! Micaco! Get!
    Ping an ping nwan ping pwan pong.
    And he did a get, their anayance, and slink his hook away,
aleguere come alaguerre, like a chimista inchamisas, whom the
harricana hurries and hots foots, zingo, zango, segur. To hoots
of utskut, urqurd, jamal, qum, yallah, yawash, yak! For he could
ciappacioppachew upon a skarp snakk of pure undefallen engelsk,
melanmoon or tartatortoise, tsukisaki or soppisuppon, as raskly
and as baskly as your cheesechalk cow cudd spanich. Makoto!
Whagta kriowday! Gelagala nausy is. Yet right divining do not

was. Hovobovo hafogate hokidimatzi in kamicha! He had his
sperrits all foulen on him; to vet, most griposly, he was bedizzled
and debuzzled; he had his tristiest cabaleer on; and looked like
bruddy Hal. A shelling a cockshy and be donkey shot at? Or a
peso besant to join the armada?
    But, Sin Showpanza, could anybroddy which walked this world
with eyes whiteopen have looked twinsomer than the kerl he left
behind him? Candidatus, viridosus, aurilucens, sinelab? Of all
the green heroes everwore coton breiches, the whitemost, the
goldenest! How he stud theirs with himselfs mookst kevinly, and
that anterevolitionary, the churchman childfather from tonsor's
tuft to almonder's toes, a haggiography in duotrigesumy, son
soptimost of sire sixtusks, of Mayaqueenies sign osure, hevnly
buddhy time, inwreathed of his near cissies, a mickly dazzly eely
oily with looiscurrals, a soulnetzer by zvesdals priestessd, their
trail the tractive, and dem dandypanies knows de play of de eye-
lids, with his gamecox spurts and his smile likequid glue (the
suessiest sourir ever weanling wore), whiles his host of spritties,
lusspillerindernees, they went peahenning a ripidarapidarpad
around him, pilgrim prinkips, kerilour kevinour, in neuchoristic
congressulations, quite purringly excited, rpdrpd, allauding to
him by all the licknames in the litany with the terms in which
no little dulsy nayer ever thinks about implying except to her
future's year and sending him perfume most praypuffs to setis-
fire more then to teasim (shllwe help, now you've massmuled,
you t'rigolect a bit? yismik? yimissy?) that he, the finehued, the
fairhailed, the farahead, might bouchesave unto each but every-
one, asfar as safras durst assune, the havemercyonhurs of his
kissier licence. Meanings: Andure the enjurious till imbetther rer.
We know you like Latin with essies impures, (and your liber as
they sea) we certney like gurgles love the nargleygargley so, arrah-
beejee, tell that old frankay boyuk to bellows upthe tombucky in
his tumtum argan and give us a gust of his gushy old. Goof!
    Hymnumber twentynine. O, the singing! Happy little girly-
cums to have adolphted such an Adelphus! O, the swinginging
hopops so goholden! They've come to chant en chor. They say

their salat, the madiens' prayer to the messiager of His Nabis,
prostitating their selfs eachwise and combinedly. Fateha, fold the
hands. Be it honoured, bow the head. May thine evings e'en be
blossful! Even of bliss! As we so hope for ablution. For the sake
of the farbung and of the scent and of the holiodrops. Amems.
    A pause. Their orison arises misquewhite as Osman glory, ebb-
ing wasteward, leaves to the soul of light its fading silence (allah-
lah lahlah lah!), a turquewashed sky. Then:
    Xanthos! Xanthos! Xanthos! We thank to thine, mighty
innocent, that diddest bring it off fuitefuite. Should in ofter years
it became about you will after desk jobduty becoming a bank mid-
land mansioner we and I shall reside with our obeisant servants
among Burke's mobility at La Roseraie, Ailesbury Road. Red
bricks are all hellishly good values if you trust to the roster of ads
but we'll save up ourselves and nab what's nicest and boskiest of
timber trees in the nebohood. Oncaill's plot. Luccombe oaks,
Turkish hazels, Greek firs, incense palm edcedras. The hypso-
meters of Mount Anville is held to be dying out of arthataxis but,
praise send Larix U' Thule, the wych elm of Manelagh is still
flourishing in the open, because its native of our nature and the
seeds was sent by Fortune. We'll have our private palypeachum
pillarposterns for lovesick letterines fondly affianxed to our front
railings and swings, hammocks, tighttaught balletlines, accomoda-
tionnooks and prismic bathboites, to make Envyeyes mouth
water and wonder when they binocular us from their embrassured
windows in our garden rare. Fyat-Fyat shall be our number
on the autokinaton and Chubby in his Chuffs oursforownly
chuffeur. T will be waiting for uns as I sold U at the first antries.
Our cousin gourmand, Percy, the pup, will denounce the sniff-
nomers of all callers where among our Seemyease Sister, Tabitha,
the ninelived, will extend to the full her hearthy welcome. While
the turf and twigs they tattle. Tintin tintin. Lady Marmela Short-
bred will walk in for supper with her marchpane switch on, her
necklace of almonds and her poirette Sundae dress with bracelets
of honey and her cochineal hose with the caramel dancings, the
briskly best from Bootiestown, and her suckingstaff of ivory-

mint. You mustn't miss it or you'll be sorry. Charmeuses chloes,
glycering juwells, lydialight fans and puffumed cynarettes. And
the Prince Le Monade has been graciously pleased. His six choco-
late pages will run bugling before him and Cococream toddle
after with his sticksword in a pink cushion. We think His Spark-
ling Headiness ought to know Lady Marmela. Luisome his for
lissome hers. He's not going to Cork till Cantalamesse or may-
hope till Rose Easter or Saint Tibble's Day. So Niomon knows.
The Fomor's in his Fin, the Momor's her and hin. A paaralone!
A paaralone! And Dublin's all adin. We'll sing a song of Single-
month and you'll too and you'll. Here are notes. There's the key.
One two three. Chours! So come on, ye wealthy gentrymen wib-
frufrocksfull of fun! Thin thin! Thin thin! Thej olly and thel
ively, thou billy with thee coo, for to jog a jig of a crispness nice
and sing a missal too. Hip champouree! Hiphip champouree! O
you longtailed blackman, polk it up behind me! Hip champouree!
Hiphip champouree! And, jessies, push the pumkik round. Anne-
    Since the days of Roamaloose and Rehmoose the pavanos have
been strident through their struts of Chapelldiseut, the vaulsies
have meed and youdled through the purly ooze of Ballybough,
many a mismy cloudy has tripped taintily along that hercourt
strayed reelway and the rigadoons have held ragtimed revels on
the platauplain of Grangegorman; and, though since then ster-
lings and guineas have been replaced by brooks and lions and
some progress has been made on stilts and the races have come
and gone and Thyme, that chef of seasoners, has made his usual
astewte use of endadjustables and whatnot willbe isnor was, those
danceadeils and cancanzanies have come stimmering down for our
begayment through the bedeafdom of po's taeorns, the obcecity
of pa's teapucs, as lithe and limbfree limber as when momie
mummed at ma.
    Just so stylled with the nattes are their flowerheads now and
each of all has a lovestalk onto herself and the tot of all the tits of
their understamens is as open as he can posably she and is tourne-
soled straightcut or sidewaist, accourdant to the coursets of

things feminite, towooerds him in heliolatry, so they may catch-
cup in their calyzettes, alls they go troping, those parryshoots
from his muscalone pistil, for he can eyespy through them, to
their selfcolours, nevertheleast their tissue peepers, (meaning
Mullabury mesh, the time of appling flowers, a guarded figure
of speech, a variety of perfume, a bridawl, seamist inso one) as
leichtly as see saw (O my goodmiss! O my greatmess! O my
prizelestly preshoes!) while, dewyfully as dimb dumbelles, all
alisten to his elixir. Lovelyt!
    And they said to him:
    — Enchainted, dear sweet Stainusless, young confessor, dearer
dearest, we herehear, aboutobloss, O coelicola, thee salutamt.
Pattern of our unschoold, pageantmaster, deliverer of softmis-
sives, round the world in forty mails, bag, belt and balmybeam,
our barnaboy, our chepachap, with that pampipe in your put-
away, gab borab, when you will be after doing all your sight-
seeing and soundhearing and smellsniffing and tastytasting and
tenderumstouchings in all Daneygaul, send us, your adorables,
thou overblaseed, a wise and letters play of all you can ceive,
chief celtech chappy, from your holy post now you hast as-
certained ceremonially our names. Unclean you art not. Outcaste
thou are not. Leperstower, the karman's loki, has not blanched
at our pollution and your intercourse at ninety legsplits does not
defile. Untouchable is not the scarecrown is on you. You are
pure. You are pure. You are in your puerity. You have not
brought stinking members into the house of Amanti. Elleb Inam,
Titep Notep, we name them to the Hall of Honour. Your head
has been touched by the god Enel-Rah and your face has been
brightened by the goddess Aruc-Ituc. Return, sainted youngling,
and walk once more among us! The rains of Demani are masikal
as of yere. And Baraza is all aflower. Siker of calmy days. As
shiver as shower can be. Our breed and better class is in brood
and bitter pass. Labbeycliath longs. But we're counting on the
cluck. The Great Cackler comes again. Sweetstaker, Abel lord of
all our haloease, we (to be slightly more femmiliar perhips than is
slickly more then nacessory), toutes philomelas as well as mag-

delenes, were drawpairs with two pinmarks, BVD and BVD dot,
so want lotteries of ticklets posthastem (you appreciate?) so as to
be very dainty, if an isaspell, and so as to be verily dandydainty,
if an ishibilley, of and on, to and for, by and with, from you.
Let the hitback hurry his wayward ere the missive has time to
take herself off, 'twill be o'erthemore willfully intomeet if the
coming offence can send our shudders before. We feem to have
being elfewhere as tho' th' had pafs'd in our fufpens. Next
to our shrinking selves we love sensitivas best. For they are
the Angèles. Brick, fauve, jonquil, sprig, fleet, nocturne, smiling
bruise. For they are an Angèle's garment. We will be constant
(what a word!) and bless the day, for whole hours too, yes, for
sold long syne as we shall be heing in our created being of ours
elvishness, the day you befell, you dreadful temptation! Now
promisus as at our requisted you will remain ignorant of all what
you hear and, though if whilst disrobing to the edge of risk, (the
bisifings in idolhours that satinfines tootoo!) draw a veil till we
next time! You don't want to peach but bejimboed if ye do!
Perhelps. We ernst too may. How many months or how many
years till the myriadth and first become! Bashfulness be tupped!
May he colp, may he colp her, may he mixandmass colp her!
Talk with a hare and you wake of a tartars. That's mus. Says the
Law. List! Kicky Lacey, the pervergined, and Bianca Mutantini,
her conversa, drew their fools longth finnishfurst, Herzog van
Vellentam, but me and meother ravin, my coosine of mine, have
mour good three chancers, weothers, after Bohnaparts. The
mything smile of me, my wholesole assumption, shes nowt me-
without as weam twin herewithin, that I love like myselfish, like
smithereens robinsongs, like juneses nutslost, like the blue of the
sky if I stoop for to spy's between my whiteyoumightcallimbs.
How their duel makes their triel! Eer's wax for Sur Soord, dong-
dong bollets for the iris riflers, queemswellth of coocome in their
combs for the jennyjos. Caro caressimus! Honey swarns where
mellisponds. Will bee all buzzy one another minnies for the mere
effect that you are so fuld of pollen yourself. Teomeo! Daurdour!
We feel unspeechably thoughtless over it all here in Gizzygazelle

Tark's bimboowood so pleasekindly communicake with the
original sinse we are only yearning as yet how to burgeon. It's
meant milliems of centiments deadlost or mislaid on them but,
master of snakes, we can sloughchange in the nip of a napple
solongas we can allsee for deedsetton your quick. By the hook
in your look we're eyed for aye were you begging the questuan
with your lutean bowl round Monkmesserag. And whenever
you're tingling in your trout we're sure to be tangled in our tice-
ments. It's game, ma chère, be offwith your shepherdress on! Up-
some cauda! Behose our handmades for the lured! To these nunce
we are but yours in ammatures yet well come that day we shall ope
to be ores. Then shalt thou see, seeing, the sight. No more hoax-
ites! Nay more gifting in mennage! A her's fancy for a his friend
and then that fellow yours after this follow ours. Vania, Vania
Vaniorum, Domne Vanias!
    Hightime is ups be it down into outs according! When there
shall be foods for vermin as full as feeds for the fett, eat on earth
as there's hot in oven. When every Klitty of a scolderymeid shall
hold every yardscullion's right to stimm her uprecht for whimso-
ever, whether on privates, whather in publics. And when all us
romance catholeens shall have ones for all amanseprated. And the
world is maidfree. Methanks. So much for His Meignysthy man!
And all his bigyttens. So till Coquette to tell Cockotte to teach
Connie Curley to touch Cattie Hayre and tip Carminia to tap La
Chèrie though where the diggings he dwellst amongst us here's
nobody knows save Mary. Whyfor we go ringing hands in hands
in gyrogyrorondo.
    These bright elects, consentconsorted, they were waltzing up
their willside with their princesome handsome angeline chiuff
while in those wherebus there wont bears way (mearing un-
known, a place where pigeons carry fire to seethe viands, a miry
hill, belge end sore footh) oaths and screams and bawley groans
with a belchybubhub and a hellabelow bedemmed and bediabbled
the arimaining lucisphere. Helldsdend, whelldselse! Lonedom's
breach lay foulend up uncouth not be broched by punns and
reedles. Yet the ring gayed rund rorosily with a drat for a brat

you. Yasha Yash ate sassage and mash. So he found he bash, poor
Yasha Yash. And you wonna make one of our micknick party.
No honaryhuest on our sposhialiste. For poor Glugger was dazed
and late in his crave, ay he, laid in his grave.
    But low, boys low, he rises, shrivering, with his spittyful eyes
and his whoozebecome woice. Ephthah! Cisamis! Examen of
conscience scruples now he to the best of his memory schemado.
Nu mere for ever siden on the stolen. With his tumescinquinance
in the thight of his tumstull. No more singing all the dags in
his sengaggeng. Experssly at hand counterhand. Trinitatis kink
had mudded his dome, peccat and pent fore, pree. Hymserf,
munchaowl, maden, born of thug tribe into brood blackmail, dooly
redecant allbigenesis henesies. He, by bletchendmacht of the golls,
proforhim penance and come off enternatural. He, selfsufficiencer,
eggscumuddher-in-chaff sporticolorissimo, what though the
duthsthrows in his lavabad eyes, maketomake polentay rossum,
(Good savours queen with the stem of swuith Aftreck! Fit for
king of Zundas) out of bianconies, hiking ahake like any nudge-
meroughgorude all over Terracuta. No more throw acids, face all
lovabilities, appeal for the union and play for tirnitys. He, praise
Saint Calembaurnus, make clean breastsack of goody girl now as
ever drank milksoep from a spoen, weedhearted boy of potter and
mudder, chip of old Flinn the Flinter, twig of the hider that tanned
him. He go calaboosh all same he tell him out. Teufleuf man he
strip him all mussymussy calico blong him all same he tell him all
out how he make what name. He, through wolkenic connection,
relation belong this remarklable moliman, Anaks Andrum, parley-
glutton pure blood Jebusite, centy procent Erserum spoking.
Drugmallt storehuse. Intrance on back. Most open on the lay-
days. He, A. A., in peachskin shantungs, possible, sooth to say,
notwithstanding far former guiles and he gaining fish consider-
able, by saving grace after avalunch, to look most prophitable
out of smily skibluh eye. He repeat of him as pious alios cos he
ast for shave and haircut people said he'd shape of hegoat where
he just was sheep of herrgott with his tile togged. Top. Not true
what chronicles is bringing his portemanteau priamed full potato-

wards. Big dumm crumm digaditchies say short again akter, even
while lossassinated by summan, he coaxyorum a pennysilvers
offarings bloadonages with candid zuckers on Spinshesses Walk
in presents to lilithe maidinettes for at bloo his noose for him
with pruriest pollygameous inatentions, he having that pecuni-
arity ailmint spectacularly in heather cliff emurgency on gale
days because souffrant chronic from a plentitude of house torts.
Collosul rhodomantic not wert one bronze lie Scholarina say as
he, greyed vike cuddlepuller, walk in her sleep his pig indicks
weg femtyfem funts. Of so little is her timentrousnest great for
greeting his immensesness. Sutt soonas sett they were, her uyes
as his auroholes. Kaledvalch! How could one classically? One
could naught critically. Ininest lightingshaft only for lovalit
smugpipe, his Mistress Mereshame, of cupric tresses, the form-
white foaminine, the ambersandalled, after Aasdocktor Talop's
onamuttony legture. A mish, holy balm of seinsed myrries, he is
as good as a mountain and everybody what is found of his gients
he knew Meistral Wikingson, furframed Noordwogen's kampf-
ten, with complexion of blushing dolomite fanned by ozeone
brisees, what naver saw his bedshead farrer and nuver met his
swigamore, have his ignomen from prima signation of being
Master Milchku, queerest man in the benighted queendom, and,
adcraft aidant, how he found the kids. Other accuse him as
lochkneeghed forsunkener, dope in stockknob, all ameltingmoult
after rhomatism, purely simply tammy ratkins. The kurds of
Copt on the berberutters and their bedaweens! Even was Shes
whole begeds off before all his nahars in the koldbethizzdryel. No
gudth! Not one zouz! They whiteliveried ragsups, two Whales of
the Sea of Deceit, they bloodiblabstard shooters, three Drome-
daries of the Sands of Calumdonia. As is note worthies to shock
his hind! Ur greeft on them! Such askors and their ruperts they
are putting in for more osghirs is alse false liarnels. The frocken-
halted victims! Whore affirm is agains sempry Lotta Karssens.
They would lick their lenses before they would negatise a jom
petter from his sodalites. In his contrary and on reality, which
Bichop Babwith bares to his whitness in his Just a Fication of

Villumses, this Mr Heer Assassor Neelson, of sorestate hearing,
diseased, formarly with Adenoiks, den feed all Lighty, laxtleap
great change of retiring family buckler, highly accurect in his
everythinks, from tencents coupoll to bargain basement, live with
howthold of nummer seven, wideawake, woundabout, wokin-
betts, weeklings, in black velvet on geolgian mission senest mangy
years his rear in the lane pictures, blanking same with autonaut
and annexes and got a daarlingt babyboy bucktooth, the thick of
a gobstick, coming on ever so nerses nursely, gracies to goodess,
at 81. That why all parks up excited about his gunnfodder. That
why ecrazyaztecs and the crime ministers preaching him morn-
ings and makes a power of spoon vittles out of his praverbs. That
why he, persona erecta, glycorawman arsenicful femorniser, for
a trial by julias, in celestial sunhat, with two purses agitatating
his theopot with wokklebout shake, rather incoherend, from one
18 to one 18 biss, young shy gay youngs. Sympoly far infusing
up pritty tipidities to lock up their rhainodaisies and be nice
and twainty in the shade. Old grand tuttut toucher up of young
poetographies and he turn aroundabrupth red altfrumpishly like
hear samhar tionnor falls some make one noise. It's his last lap,
Gigantic, fare him weal! Revelation! A fact. True bill. By a jury
of matrons. Hump for humbleness, dump for dirts. And, to make
a long stoney badder and a whorly show a parfect sight, his Thing
went the wholyway retup Suffrogate Strate.
    Helpmeat too, contrasta toga, his fiery goosemother, laotsey
taotsey, woman who did, he tell princes of the age about. You
sound on me, judges! Suppose we brisken up. Kings! Meet the
Mem, Avenlith, all viviparous out of couple of lizards. She just as
fenny as he is fulgar. How laat soever her latest still her sawlogs
come up all standing. Psing a psalm of psexpeans, apocryphul of
rhyme! His cheekmole of allaph foriverever her allinall and his
Kuran never teachit her the be the owner of thyself. So she not
swop her eckcot hjem for Howarden's Castle, Englandwales. But
be the alleance of iern on his flamen vestacoat, the fibule of brooch-
bronze to his wintermantle of pointefox. Who not knows she, the
Madame Cooley-Couley, spawife to laird of manna, when first

come into the pictures more as hundreads elskerelks' yahrds of
annams call away, factory fresh and fiuming at the mouth, wronged
by Hwemwednoget (magrathmagreeth, he takable a rap for that
early party) and whenceforward Ani Mama and her fiertey
bustles terrified of gmere gnomes of gmountains and furibound
to be back in her mytinbeddy? Schi schi, she feightened allsouls
at pignpugn and gets a pan in her stummi from the pialabellars
in their pur war. Yet jackticktating all around her about his poor-
liness due to pannellism and grime for that he harboured her when
feme sole, her zoravarn lhorde and givnergenral, and led her in
antient consort ruhm and bound her durant coverture so as she
could not steal from him, oz her or damman, so as if ever she's
beleaved by checkenbrooth death since both was parties to the
feed it's Hetman MacCumhal foots the funeral. Mealwhile she
nutre him jacent from her elmer's almsdish, giantar and tschaina
as sieme as bibrondas with Foli Signur's tinner roumanschy to
fishle the ladwigs out of his lugwags, like a skittering kitty
skattering hayels, when his favourites were all beruffled on him
and her own undesirables justickulating, it was such a blowick
day. Winden wanden wild like wenchen wenden wanton. The
why if he but would bite and plug his baccypipes and renownse
the devlins in all their pumbs and kip the streelwarkers out of
the plague and nettleses milk from sickling the honeycoombe
and kop Ulo Bubo selling foulty treepes, she would make massa
dinars with her savuneer dealinsh and delicate her nutbrown
glory cloack to Mayde Berenice and hang herself in Ostmanns-
town Saint Megan's and make no more mulierage before ma-
hatmas or moslemans, but would ondulate her shookerloft hat
from Alpoleary with a viv baselgia and a clamast apotria like any
purple cardinal's princess or woman of the grave word to the
papal legate from the Vatucum, Monsaigneur Rabbinsohn Crucis,
with an ass of milg to his cowmate and chilterlings on account
of all he quaqueduxed for the hnor of Hrom and the nations
abhord him and wop mezzo scudo to Sant Pursy Orelli that gave
Luiz-Marios Josephs their loyal devouces to be offered up missas
for vowts for widders.

    Hear, O worldwithout! Tiny tattling! Backwoods, be wary!
Daintytrees, go dutch!
    But who comes yond with pire on poletop? He who relights
our spearing torch, the moon. Bring lolave branches to mud
cabins and peace to the tents of Ceder, Neomenie! The feast of
Tubbournigglers is at hand. Shopshup. Inisfail! Timple temple
tells the bells. In syngagyng a sangasongue. For all in Ondslos-
by. And, the hag they damename Coverfew hists from her lane.
And haste, 'tis time for bairns ta hame. Chickchilds, comeho to
roo. Comehome to roo, wee chickchilds doo, when the wild-
worewolf's abroad. Ah, let's away and let's gay and let's stay
chez where the log foyer's burning!
    It darkles, (tinct, tint) all this our funnaminal world. Yon
marshpond by ruodmark verge is visited by the tide. Alvem-
marea! We are circumveiloped by obscuritads. Man and belves
frieren. There is a wish on them to be not doing or anything. Or
just for rugs. Zoo koud! Drr, deff, coal lay on and, pzz, call us
pyrress! Ha. Where is our highly honourworthy salutable spouse-
founderess? The foolish one of the family is within. Haha! Huzoor,
where's he? At house, to's pitty. With Nancy Hands. Tcheetchee!
Hound through the maize has fled. What hou! Isegrim under
lolling ears. Far wol! And wheaten bells bide breathless. All. The
trail of Gill not yet is to be seen, rocksdrops, up benn, down
dell, a craggy road for rambling. Nor yet through starland that
silver sash. What era's o'ering? Lang gong late. Say long, scielo!
Sillume, see lo! Selene, sail O! Amune! Ark!? Noh?! Nought
stirs in spinney. The swayful pathways of the dragonfly spider
stay still in reedery. Quiet takes back her folded fields. Tranquille
thanks. Adew. In deerhaven, imbraced, alleged, injoynted and
unlatched, the birds, tommelise too, quail silent. ii. Luathan?
Nuathan! Was avond ere a while. Now conticinium. As Lord
the Laohun is sheutseuyes. The time of lying together will come
and the wildering of the nicht till cockeedoodle aubens Aurore.
Panther monster. Send leabarrow loads amorrow. While loevdom
shleeps. Elenfant has siang his triump, Great is Eliphas Magis-
trodontos and after kneeprayer pious for behemuth and mahamoth

will rest him from tusker toils. Salamsalaim! Rhinohorn isnoutso
pigfellow but him ist gonz wurst. Kikikuki. Hopopodorme. So-
beast! No chare of beagles, frantling of peacocks, no muzzing of
the camel, smuttering of apes. Lights, pageboy, lights! Brights
we'll be brights. With help of Hanoukan's lamp. When otter
leaps in outer parts then Yul remembers Mei. Her hung maid
mohns are bluming, look, to greet those loes on coast of amethyst;
arcglow's seafire siemens lure and wextward warnerforth's hooker-
crookers. And now with robby brerfox's fishy fable lissaned out,
the threads simwhat toran and knots in its antargumends, the
pesciolines in Liffeyetta's bowl have stopped squiggling about
Junoh and the whalk and feriaquintaism and pebble infinibility
and the poissission of the hoghly course. And if Lubbernabohore
laid his horker to the ribber, save the giregargoh and dabardin
going on in his mount of knowledge (munt), he would not hear
a flip flap in all Finnyland. Witchman, watch of your night? Es
voes, ez noes, nott voes, ges, noun. It goes. It does not go. Dark-
park's acoo with sucking loves. Rosimund's by her wishing well.
Soon tempt-in-twos will stroll at venture and hunt-by-threes strut
musketeering. Brace of girdles, brasse of beauys. With the width
of the way for jogjoy. Hulker's cieclest elbownunsense. Hold
hard! And his dithering dathering waltzers of. Stright! But meet-
ings mate not as forsehn. Hesperons! And if you wand to Liv-
mouth, wenderer, while Jempson's weed decks Jacqueson's Island,
here lurks, bar hellpelhullpulthebell, none iron welcome. Bing.
Bong. Bangbong. Thunderation! You took with the mulligrubs
and we lack mulsum? No sirrebob! Great goodness, no! Were
you Marely quean of Scuts or but Chrestien the Last, (our duty
to you, chris! royalty, squat!) how matt your mark, though
luked your johl, here's dapplebellied mugs and troublebedded
rooms and sawdust strown in expectoration and for ratification by
specification of your information, Mr Knight, tuntapster, buttles;
his alefru's up to his hip. And Watsy Lyke sees after all rinsings
and don't omiss Kate, homeswab homely, put in with the bricks.
A's the sign and one's the number. Where Chavvyout Chacer
calls the cup and Pouropourim stands astirrup. De oud huis bij

de kerkegaard. So who over comes ever for Whoopee Weeks
must put up with the Jug and Chambers.
    But heed! Our thirty minutes war's alull. All's quiet on the
felled of Gorey. Between the starfort and the thornwood brass
castle flambs with mutton candles. Hushkah, a horn! Gadolmag-
tog! God es El? Housefather calls enthreateningly. From Bran-
denborgenthor. At Asa's arthre. In thundercloud periwig. With
lightning bug aflash from afinger. My souls and by jings, should
he work his jaw to give down the banks and hark from the tomb!
Ansighosa pokes in her potstill to souse at the sop be sodden
enow and to hear to all the bubbles besaying: the coming man, the
future woman, the food that is to build, what he with fifteen years
will do, the ring in her mouth of joyous guard, stars astir and
stirabout. A palashe for hirs, a saucy for hers and ladlelike spoons
for the wonner. But ein and twee were never worth three. So they
must have their final since he's on parole. Et la pau' Leonie has the
choice of her lives between Josephinus and Mario-Louis for who
is to wear the lily of Bohemey, Florestan, Thaddeus, Hardress or
Myles. And lead raptivity captive. Ready! Like a Finn at a fair.
Now for la belle! Icy-la-Belle!
    The campus calls them. Ninan ninan, the gattling gan! Childs
will be wilds. 'Twastold. And vamp, vamp, vamp, the girls are
merchand. The horseshow magnete draws his field and don't the
fillyings fly? Educande of Sorrento, they newknow knowwell
their Vico's road. Arranked in their array and flocking for the
fray on that old orangeray, Dolly Brae. For these are not on
terms, they twain, bartrossers, since their baffle of Whatalose
when Adam Leftus and the devil took our hindmost, gegifting
her with his painapple, nor will not be atoned at all in fight to
no finish, that dark deed doer, this wellwilled wooer, Jerkoff and
Eatsoup, Yem or Yan, while felixed is who culpas does and harm's
worth healing and Brune is bad French for Jour d'Anno. Tiggers
and Tuggers they're all for tenzones. Bettlimbraves. For she must
walk out. And it must be with who. Teaseforhim. Toesforhim.
Tossforhim. Two. Else there is danger of. Solitude.
    Postreintroducing Jeremy, the chastenot coulter, the flowing

taal that brooks no brooking runs on to say how, as it was
mutualiter foretold of him by a timekiller to his spacemaker, velos
ambos and arubyat knychts, with their tales within wheels and
stucks between spokes, on the hike from Elmstree to Stene and
back, how, running awage with the use of reason (sics) and
ramming amok at the brake of his voice (secs), his lasterhalft
was set for getting the besterwhole of his yougendtougend, for
control number thrice was operating the subliminal of his invaded
personality. He nobit smorfi and go poltri and let all the tondo
gang bola del ruffo. Barto no know him mor. Eat larto altruis
with most perfect stranger.
    Boo, you're through!
    Hoo, I'm true!
    Men, teacan a tea simmering, hamo mavrone kerry O?
    Teapotty. Teapotty.
    Kod knows. Anything ruind. Meetingless.
    He wept indeiterum. With such a tooth he seemed to love his
wee tart when abuy. Highly momourning he see the before him.
Melained from nape to kneecap though vied from her girders up.
Holy Santalto, cursing saint, sight most deletious to ross up the
spyballs like exude of margary! And how him it heaviered that
eyerim rust! An they bare falls witless against thee how slight
becomes a hidden wound? Soldwoter he wash him all time big-
feller bruisy place blong him. He no want missies blong all boy
other look bruisy place blong him. Hence. It will paineth the
chastenot in that where of his whence he had loseth his once for
every, even though mode grow moramor maenneritsch and the
Tarara boom decay. Immaculacy, give but to drink to his shirt
and all skirtaskortas must change her tunics. So warred he from
first to last, forebanned and betweenly, a smuggler for lifer. Lift
the blank ve veered as heil! Split the hvide and aye seize heaven!
He knows for he's seen it in black and white through his eye-
trompit trained upon jenny's and all that sort of thing which is
dandymount to a clearobscure. Prettimaid tints may try their
taunts: apple, bacchante, custard, dove, eskimo, feldgrau, hema-
tite, isingglass, jet, kipper, lucile, mimosa, nut, oysterette, prune,

quasimodo, royal, sago, tango, umber, vanilla, wisteria, xray,
yesplease, zaza, philomel, theerose. What are they all by? Shee.
    If you nude her in her prime, make sure you find her comple-
mentary or, on your very first occasion, by Angus Dagdasson
and all his piccions, she'll prick you where you're proudest with
her unsatt speagle eye. Look sharp, she's signalling from among
the asters. Turn again, wistfultone, lode mere of Doubtlynn!
Arise, Land-under-Wave! Clap your lingua to your pallet, drop
your jowl with a jolt, tambourine until your breath slides, pet a
pout and it's out. Have you got me, Allysloper?
    My top it was brought Achill's low, my middle I ope before
you, my bottom's a vulser if ever there valsed and my whole the
flower that stars the day and is solly well worth your pilger's
fahrt. Where there's a hitch, a head of things, let henker's halter
hang the halunkenend. For I see through your weapon. That
cry's not Cucullus. And his eyelids are painted. If my tutor here
is cut out for an oldeborre I'm Flo, shy of peeps, you know. But
when he beetles backwards, ain't I fly? Pull the boughpee to see
how we sleep. Bee Peep! Peepette! Would you like that lump of
a tongue for lungeon or this Turkey's delighter, hys hyphen
mys? My bellyswain's a twalf whulerusspower though he knows
as much how to man a wife as Dunckle Dalton of matching wools.
Shake hands through the thicketloch! Sweet swanwater! My
other is mouthfilled. This kissing wold's full of killing fellows
kneeling voyantly to the cope of heaven. And somebody's com-
ing, I feel for a fect. I've a seeklet to sell thee if old Deanns won't
be threaspanning. When you'll next have the mind to retire to
be wicked this is as dainty a way as any. Underwoods spells bush-
ment's business. So if you sprig poplar you're bound to twig this.
'Twas my lord of Glendalough benedixed the gape for me that
time at Long Entry, commanding the approaches to my intimast
innermost. Look how they're browthered! Six thirteens at Blanche
de Blanche's of 3 Behind Street and 2 Turnagain Lane. Awabeg
is my callby, Magnus here's my Max, Wonder One's my cipher
and Seven Sisters is my nighbrood. Radouga, Rab will ye na
pick them in their pink of panties. You can colour up till you're

prawn while I go squirt with any cockle. When here who adolls
me infuxes sleep. But if this could see with its backsight he'd
be the grand old greeneyed lobster. He's my first viewmarc since
Valentine. Wink's the winning word.
    In the house of breathings lies that word, all fairness. The walls
are of rubinen and the glittergates of elfinbone. The roof herof is
of massicious jasper and a canopy of Tyrian awning rises and
still descends to it. A grape cluster of lights hangs therebeneath
and all the house is filled with the breathings of her fairness, the
fairness of fondance and the fairness of milk and rhubarb and the
fairness of roasted meats and uniomargrits and the fairness of
promise with consonantia and avowals. There lies her word, you
reder! The height herup exalts it and the lowness her down aba-
seth it. It vibroverberates upon the tegmen and prosplodes from
pomoeria. A window, a hedge, a prong, a hand, an eye, a sign, a
head and keep your other augur on her paypaypay. And you have
it, old Sem, pat as ah be seated! And Sunny, my gander, he's
coming to land her. The boy which she now adores. She dores.
Oh backed von dem zug! Make weg for their tug!
    With a ring ding dong, they raise clasped hands and advance
more steps to retire to the saum. Curtsey one, curtsey two, with
arms akimbo, devotees.
    All sing:
    — I rose up one maypole morning and saw in my glass how
nobody loves me but you. Ugh. Ugh.
    All point in the shem direction as if to shun.
    — My name is Misha Misha but call me Toffey Tough. I
mean Mettenchough. It was her, boy the boy that was loft in the
larch. Ogh! Ogh!
    Her reverence.
    All laugh.
    They pretend to helf while they simply shauted at him sauce to
make hims prich. And ith ith noth cricquette, Sally Lums. Not
by ever such a lot. Twentynines of bloomers gegging een man

arose. Avis was there and trilled her about it. She's her sex, for
certain. So to celebrate the occasion:
    — Willest thou rossy banders havind?
    He simules to be tight in ribbings round his rumpffkorpff.
    — Are you Swarthants that's hit on a shorn stile?
    He makes semblant to be swiping their chimbleys.
    — Can you ajew ajew fro' Sheidam?
    He finges to be cutting up with a pair of sissers and to be buy-
tings of their maidens and spitting their heads into their facepails.
    Spickspuk! Spoken.
    So now be hushy, little pukers! Side here roohish, cleany fug-
lers! Grandicellies, all stay zitty! Adultereux, rest as befour! For
you've jollywelly dawdled all the day. When ye coif tantoncle's
hat then'll be largely temts for that. Yet's the time for being now,
now, now.
    For a burning would is come to dance inane. Glamours hath
moidered's lieb and herefore Coldours must leap no more. Lack
breath must leap no more.
    Lel lols for libelman libling his lore. Lolo Lolo liebermann you
loved to be leaving Libnius. Lift your right to your Liber Lord.
Link your left to your lass of liberty. Lala Lala, Leapermann,
your lep's but a loop to lee.
    A fork of hazel o'er the field in vox the verveine virgins ode.
If you cross this rood as you roamed the rand I'm blessed but
you'd feel him a blasting rod. Behind, me, frees from evil smells!
Perdition stinks before us.
    Aghatharept they fleurelly to Nebnos will and Rosocale. Twice
is he gone to quest of her, thrice is she now to him. So see we so
as seed we sow. And their prunktqueen kilt her kirtles up and
set out. And her troup came heeling, O. And what do you think
that pride was drest in! Voolykins' diamondinah's vestin. For ever
they scent where air she went. While all the fauns' flares widens
wild to see a floral's school.
    Led by Lignifer, in four hops of the happiest, ach beth cac duff,
a marrer of the sward incoronate, the few fly the farbetween!
We haul minymony on that piebold nig. Will any tubble dabble

on the bay? Nor far jocubus? Nic for jay? Attilad! Attattilad! Get
up, Goth's scourge on you! There's a visitation in your implu-
vium. Hun! Hun!
    He stanth theirs mun in his natural, oblious autamnesically
of his very proprium, (such is stockpot leaden, so did sonsepun
crake) the wont to be wanton maid a will to be wise. Thrust from
the light, apophotorejected, he spoors loves from her heats. He
blinkth. But's wrath's the higher where those wreathe charity.
For all of these have been thisworlders, time liquescing into state,
pitiless age grows angelhood. Though, as he stehs, most anysing
may befallhim from a song of a witch to the totter of Blackarss,
given a fammished devil, a young sourceress and (eternal con-
junction) the permission of overalls with the cuperation of night-
shirt. If he spice east he seethes in sooth and if he pierce north
he wilts in the waist. And what wonder with the murkery vice-
heid in the shade? The specks on his lapspan are his foul deed
thougths, wishmarks of mad imogenation. Take they off! Make
the off! But Funnylegs are leanly. A bimbamb bum! They vain
would convert the to be hers in the word. Gush, they wooed!
Gash, they're fair ripecherry!
    As for she could shake him. An oaf, no more. Still he'd be
good tutor two in his big armschair lerningstoel and she be
waxen in his hands. Turning up and fingering over the most dan-
tellising peaches in the lingerous longerous book of the dark.
Look at this passage about Galilleotto! I know it is difficult but
when your goche I go dead. Turn now to this patch upon Smac-
chiavelluti! Soot allours, he's sure to spot it! 'Twas ever so in
monitorology since Headmaster Adam became Eva Harte's
toucher, in omnibus moribus et temporibus, with man's mischief
in his mind whilst her pupils swimmed too heavenlies, let his be
exaspirated, letters be blowed! I is a femaline person. O, of pro-
vocative gender. U unisingular case.
    Which is why trumpers are mixed up in duels and here's B.
Rohan meets N. Ohlan for the prize of a thou.
    But listen to the mocking birde to micking barde making bared!
We've heard it aye since songdom was gemurrmal. As he was

queering his shoolthers. So was I. And as I was cleansing my
fausties. So was he. And as way ware puffiing our blowbags.
    Come, thrust! Go, parry! Dvoinabrathran, dare. The mad
long ramp of manchind's parlements, the learned lacklearning,
merciless as wonderful.
    — Now may Saint Mowy of the Pleasant Grin be your ever-
glass and even prospect!
    — Feeling dank.
    Exchange, reverse.
    — And may Saint Jerome of the Harlots' Curse make family
three of you which is much abedder!
    — Grassy ass ago.
    And each was wrought with his other. And his continence fell.
The bivitellines, Metellus and Ametallikos, her crown pretenders,
obscindgemeinded biekerers, varying directly, uruseye each oxes-
other, superfetated (never cleaner of lamps frowned fiercelier on
anointer of hinges), while their treegrown girls, king's game, if
he deign so, are in such transfusion just to know twigst timidy
twomeys, for gracious sake, who is artthoudux from whose
heterotropic, the sleepy or the glouch, for, shyly bawn and
showly nursured, exceedingly nice girls can strike exceedingly
bad times unless so richtly chosen's by (what though of riches
he have none and hope dashes hope on his heart's horizon) to gar
their great moments greater. The thing is he must be put strait
on the spot, no mere waterstichystuff in a selfmade world that
you can't believe a word he's written in, not for pie, but one's
only owned by naturel rejection. Charley, you're my darwing!
So sing they sequent the assent of man. Till they go round if
they go roundagain before breakparts and all dismissed. They
keep. Step keep. Step. Stop. Who is Fleur? Where is Ange? Or
    Creedless, croonless hangs his haughty. There end no moe red
devil in the white of his eye. Braglodyte him do a katadupe! A con-
damn quondam jontom sick af a suckbut! He does not know how
his grandson's grandson's grandson's grandson will stammer up

in Peruvian for in the ersebest idiom I have done it equals I so
shall do. He dares not think why the grandmother of the grand-
mother of his grandmother's grandmother coughed Russky with
suchky husky accent since in the mouthart of the slove look at
me now means I once was otherwise. Nor that the mappamund
has been changing pattern as youth plays moves from street to
street since time and races were and wise ants hoarded and saute-
relles were spendthrifts, no thing making newthing wealthshow-
ever for a silly old Sol, healthytobedder and latewiser. Nor that the
turtling of a London's alderman is ladled out by the waggerful to
the regionals of pigmyland. His part should say in honour bound:
So help me symethew, sammarc, selluc and singin, I will stick to
you, by gum, no matter what, bite simbum, and in case of the
event coming off beforehand even so you was to release me for
the sake of the other cheap girl's baby's name plaster me but I
will pluckily well pull on the buckskin gloves! But Noodynaady's
actual ingrate tootle is of come into the garner mauve and thy
nice are stores of morning and buy me a bunch of iodines.
    Evidentament he has failed as tiercely as the deuce before for
she is wearing none of the three. And quite as patenly there is a
hole in the ballet trough which the rest fell out. Because to ex-
plain why the residue is, was, or will not be, according to the
eighth axiom, proceeded with, namely, since ever apart that gos-
san duad, so sure as their's a patch on a pomelo, this yam ham in
never live could, the shifting about of the lassies, the tug of love
of their lads ending with a great deal of merriment, hoots,
screams, scarf drill, cap fecking, ejaculations of aurinos, reecho-
able mirthpeals and general thumbtonosery (Myama's a yaung
yaung cauntry), one must recken with the sudden and gigant-
esquesque appearance unwithstandable as a general election in
Barnado's bearskin amongst the brawlmiddle of this village chil-
dergarten of the largely longsuffering laird of Lucanhof.
    But, vrayedevraye Blankdeblank, god of all machineries and
tomestone of Barnstaple, by mortisection or vivisuture, splitten
up or recompounded, an isaac jacquemin mauromormo milesian,
how accountibus for him, moreblue?

    Was he pitssched for an ensemple as certain have dognosed of
him against our seawall by Rurie, Thoath and Cleaver, those
three stout sweynhearts, Orion of the Orgiasts, Meereschal Mac-
Muhun, the Ipse dadden, product of the extremes giving quoti-
dients to our means, as might occur to anyone, your brutest
layaman with the princest champion in our archdeaconry, or so
yclept from Clio's clippings, which the chroncher of chivalries
is sulpicious save he scan, for ancients link with presents as the
human chain extends, have done, do and will again as John, Poly-
carp and Irenews eye-to-eye ayewitnessed and to Paddy Palmer,
while monks sell yew to archers or the water of the livvying
goes the way of all fish from Sara's drawhead, the corralsome, to
Isaac's, the lauphed butt one, with her minnelisp extorreor to his
moanolothe inturned? So Perrichon with Bastienne or heavy
Humph with airy Nan, Ricqueracqbrimbillyjicqueyjocqjolicass?
How sowesthow, dullcisamica? A and aa ab ad abu abiad. A
babbel men dub gulch of tears.
    The mar of murmury mermers to the mind's ear, uncharted
rock, evasive weed. Only the caul knows his thousandfirst name,
Hocus Crocus, Esquilocus, Finnfinn the Faineant, how feel full
foes in furrinarr! Doth it not all come aft to you, puritysnooper,
in the way television opes longtimes ofter when Potollomuck
Sotyr or Sourdanapplous the Lollapaloosa? The charges are, you
will remember, the chances are, you won't; bit it's old Joe, the
Java Jane, older even than Odam Costollo, and we are recur-
rently meeting em, par Mahun Mesme, in cycloannalism, from
space to space, time after time, in various phases of scripture as
in various poses of sepulture. Greets Godd, Groceries! Merodach!
Defend the King! Hoet of the rough throat attack but whose say
is soft but whose ee has a cute angle, he whose hut is a hissarlik
even as her hennin's aspire. And insodaintily she's a quine of selm
ashaker while as a murder of corpse when his magot's up he's
the best berrathon sanger in all the aisles of Skaldignavia. As who
shall hear. For now at last is Longabed going to be gone to, that
more than man, prince of Bunnicombe of wide roadsterds, the
herblord the gillyflowrets so fain fan to flatter about. Artho is the

name is on the hero, Capellisato, shoehanded slaughterer of the
shader of our leaves.
    Attach him! Hold!
    Yet stir thee, to clay, Tamor!
    Why wilt thou erewaken him from his earth, O summonor-
other: he is weatherbitten from the dusts of ages? The hour of his
closing hies to hand; the tocsin that shall claxonise his ware-
abouts. If one who remembered his webgoods and tealofts were
to ask of a hooper for whose it was the storks were quitting
Aquileyria, this trundler would not wot; if other who joined faith
when his depth charge bombed our barrel spillway were to — !
    Jehosophat, what doom is here! Rain ruth on them, sire! The
wing of Moykill cover him! The Bulljon Bossbrute quarantee
him! Calavera, caution! Slaves to Virtue, save his Veritotem!
Bearara Tolearis, procul abeat! The Ivorbonegorer of Danamara-
ca be, his Hector Protector! Woldomar with Vasa, peel your
peeps! And try to saviourise the nights of labour to the order of
our blooding worold! While Pliny the Younger writes to Pliny
the Elder his calamolumen of contumellas, what Aulus Gellius
picked on Micmacrobius and what Vitruvius pocketed from
Cassiodorus. Like we larnt from that Buke of Lukan in Dublin's
capital, Kongdam Coombe. Even if you are the kooper of the
winkel over measure never lost a licence. Nor a duckindonche
divulse from bath and breakfast. And for the honour of Alcohol
drop that you-know-what-I've-come-about-I-saw-your-act air!
Punch may be pottleproud but his Judy's a wife's wit better.
    For the producer (Mr John Baptister Vickar) caused a deep
abuliousness to descend upon the Father of Truants and, at a side
issue, pluterpromptly brought on the scene the cutletsized con-
sort, foundling filly of fortyshilling fostertailor and shipman's
shopahoyden, weighing ten pebble ten, scaling five footsy five
and spanning thirtyseven inchettes round the good companions,
twentynine ditties round the wishful waistress, thirtyseven alsos
round the answer to everything, twentythree of the same round
each of the quis separabits, fourteen round the beginning of hap-
piness and nicely nine round her shoed for slender.

    And eher you could pray mercy to goodness or help with your
hokey or mehokeypoo, Gallus's hen has collared her pullets.
That's where they have owreglias for. Their bone of contention,
flesh to their thorns, prest as Prestissima, makes off in a thinkling
(and not one hen only nor two hens neyther but every blessed
brigid came aclucking and aclacking), while, a rum a rum, the
ram of all harns, Bier, Wijn, Spirituosen for consumption on the
premises, advokaat withouten pleaders, Mas marrit, Pas poulit,
Ras ruddist of all, though flamifestouned from galantifloures, is
hued and cried of each's colour.
    Home all go. Halome. Blare no more ramsblares, oddmund
barkes! And cease your fumings, kindalled bushies! And sherri-
goldies yeassymgnays; your wildeshaweshowe moves swiftly
sterneward! For here the holy language. Soons to come. To
    'Tis goed. Het best.
    For they are now tearing, that is, teartoretorning. Too soon
are coming tasbooks and goody, hominy bread and bible bee,
with jaggery-yo to juju-jaw, Fine's French phrases from the
Grandmere des Grammaires and bothered parsenaps from the
Four Massores, Mattatias, Marusias, Lucanias, Jokinias, and what
happened to our eleven in thirtytwo antepostdating the Valgur
Eire and why is limbo where is he and what are the sound waves
saying ceased ere they all wayed wrong and Amnist anguished
axes Collis and where fishngaman fetched the mongafesh from
and whatfor paddybird notplease rancoon and why was Sindat
sitthing on him sitbom like a saildior, with what the doc did in the
doil, not to mention define the hydraulics of common salt and,
its denier crid of old provaunce, where G.P.O. is zentrum and
D.U.T.C. are radients write down by the frequency of the scores
and crores of your refractions the valuations in the pice of ding-
gyings on N.C.R. and S.C.R.
    That little cloud, a nibulissa, still hangs isky. Singabed sulks
before slumber. Light at night has an alps on his druckhouse.
Thick head and thin butter or after you with me. Caspi, but
gueroligue stings the air. Gaylegs to riot of us! Gallocks to lafft!

What is amaid today todo? So angelland all weeping bin that Izzy
most unhappy is. Fain Essie fie onhapje? laughs her stella's vispirine.
    While, running about their ways, going and coming, now at
rhimba rhomba, now in trippiza trappaza, pleating a pattern Gran
Geamatron showed them of gracehoppers, auntskippers and coney-
farm leppers, they jeerilied along, durian gay and marian maid-
cap, lou Dariou beside la Matieto, all boy more all girl singout-
feller longa house blong store Huddy, whilest nin nin nin nin that
Boorman's clock, a winny on the tinny side, ninned nin nin nin
nin, about old Father Barley how he got up of a morning arley
and he met with a plattonem blondes named Hips and Haws and
fell in with a fellows of Trinity some header Skowood Shaws like
(You'll catch it, don't fret, Mrs Tummy Lupton! Come indoor,
Scoffynosey, and shed your swank!) auld Daddy Deacon who
could stow well his place of beacon but he never could hold his
kerosene's candle to (The nurse'll give it you, stickypots! And you
wait, my lasso, fecking the twine!) bold Farmer Burleigh who
wuck up in a hurlywurly where he huddly could wuddle to wal-
low his weg tillbag of the baker's booth to beg of (You're well
held now, Missy Cheekspeer, and your panto's off! Fie, for shame,
Ruth Wheatacre, after all the booz said!) illed Diddiddy Achin
for the prize of a pease of bakin with a pinch of the panch of the
ponch in jurys for (Ah, crabeyes, I have you, showing off to the
world with that gape in your stocking!) Wold Forrester Farley
who, in deesperation of deispiration at the diasporation of his
diesparation, was found of the round of the sound of the lound
of the. Lukkedoerendunandurraskewdylooshoofermoyportertoo-
    The play thou schouwburgst, Game, here endeth. The curtain
drops by deep request.
    Gonn the gawds, Gunnar's gustspells. When the h, who the
hu, how the hue, where the huer? Orbiter onswers: lots lives
lost. Fionia is fed up with Fidge Fudgesons. Sealand snorres.

Rendningrocks roguesreckning reigns. Gwds with gurs are
gttrdmmrng. Hlls vlls. The timid hearts of words all exeomno-
sunt. Mannagad, lammalelouh, how do that come? By Dad, youd
not heed that fert? Fulgitudes ejist rowdownan tonuout. Quoq!
And buncskleydoodle! Kidoosh! Of their fear they broke, they
ate wind, they fled; where they ate there they fled; of their fear
they fled, they broke away. Go to, let us extol Azrael with our
harks, by our brews, on our jambses, in his gaits. To Mezou-
zalem with the Dephilim, didits dinkun's dud? Yip! Yup! Yar-
rah! And let Nek Nekulon extol Mak Makal and let him say
unto him: Immi ammi Semmi. And shall not Babel be with
Lebab? And he war. And he shall open his mouth and answer:
I hear, O Ismael, how they laud is only as my loud is one. If
Nekulon shall be havonfalled surely Makal haven hevens. Go to,
let us extell Makal, yea, let us exceedingly extell. Though you
have lien amung your posspots my excellency is over Ismael.
Great is him whom is over Ismael and he shall mekanek of Mak
Nakulon. And he deed.
    For the Clearer of the Air from on high has spoken in tumbul-
dum tambaldam to his tembledim tombaldoom worrild and, mogu-
phonoised by that phonemanon, the unhappitents of the earth
have terrerumbled from fimament unto fundament and from
tweedledeedumms down to twiddledeedees.
    Loud, hear us!
    Loud, graciously hear us!
    Now have thy children entered into their habitations. And
nationglad, camp meeting over, to shin it, Gov be thanked! Thou
hast closed the portals of the habitations of thy children and thou
hast set thy guards thereby, even Garda Didymus and Garda
Domas, that thy children may read in the book of the opening of
the mind to light and err not in the darkness which is the after-
thought of thy nomatter by the guardiance of those guards which
are thy bodemen, the cheeryboyum chirryboth with the kerry-
bommers in their krubeems, Pray-your-Prayers Timothy and
Back-to-Bunk Tom.

    Till tree from tree, tree among trees, tree over tree become
stone to stone, stone between stones, stone under stone for ever.
    O Loud, hear the wee beseech of thees of each of these thy un-
litten ones! Grant sleep in hour's time, O Loud!
    That they take no chill. That they do ming no merder. That
they shall not gomeet madhowiatrees.
    Loud, heap miseries upon us yet entwine our arts with laugh-
ters low!
    Ha he hi ho hu.


lighting up time - the time when lights are switched on

until further notice - until next order or instruction

Phoenix + Feen (ger) - fairies + nichts (ger) - nothing.

playhouse - a theatre

convenience - a water closet, a (public) lavatory

diddle - to cheat or swindle + diddlem club (Slang) - lottery.

entrancing - capturing interest as if by a spell + (entrance fees).

gad - the point of a spear, or an arrowhead; an anxiety disorder characterized by chronic free-floating anxiety, tension or sweating or trembling; Substituted for God, in various phrases, chiefly asseverative or exclamatory; the action of gadding or rambling about.

scrab (Bearlagair Na Saer - secret language of Ireland) - shilling + In ancient Egypt, scarab was linked to Khepri ("he who has come into being"), the god of the rising sun.

quality - nobility, people of good social position

large shilling - brass coin minted in James II's Gunmoney Coinage of 1689-91

billed - announced or advertised by a bill

weekday - a day of the week other than Saturday or Sunday (formerly, other than Sunday)

somnus (l) - dream + Sunday


arraignment - a legal document calling someone to court to answer an indictment + arrangement

children's hour - an hour of recreation in the evening, spent in former times by children with their parents; (with capital initials) a B.B.C. radio programme thus entitled (first broadcast 1922, discontinued 1961).

jampot - a jar for holding jellies or preserves + in some early Irish cinemas returnable jampots were accepted from children for admission.

rinse - to wash down with liquor + (rinsed porter bottles).

in token of - as a sign, symbol or evidence of

nightly - coming, happening, or occuring during the night; happening or occuring every night

redistribution - a fresh distribution

puppetry - mimic action or representation as of puppets; masquerade, mummery; puppet-play, debased dramatic action

dub - to name, style, nickname; to dress, clothe, adorn

ghoster - a sail similar to a genoa but made of very light material for use in light airs

Genesius, St - The legend (Acta SS., Aug., V, 119) relates: Genesius, the leader of a theatrical troupe in Rome, performing one day before the Emperor Diocletian, and wishing to expose Christian rites to the ridicule of his audience, pretended to receive the Sacrament of Baptism. When the water had been poured upon him he proclaimed himself a Christian. Diocletian at first enjoyed the realistic play, but, finding Genesius to be in earnest (Genesius proclaimed seeing visions of angels and announced his new found allegiance to Jesus), ordered him to be tortured and when under torture he did not recant, he was beheaded. 

archimime - a chief buffoon, or jester; the chief mimic, who in Roman funeral processions imitated the gait and gestures of the deceased + archimimos (gr) - chief comedian, chief actor.

patronage - the act of providing approval and support

eldership - seniority, the position of being elder or senior

olden - belonging to a bygone age or time; ancient, old + REFERENCE

four corners (of the earth, heavens or world) - the remotest parts + coroner - a public official who investigates by inquest any death not due to natural causes.

FINIAS, MURIAS, FAILIAS, GORIAS - According to Keating's history of Ireland, the Tuatha De Danann migrated originally from Greece to Norway (Lochlann), where they dwelt a while in the 4 cities of Finias, Murias, Failias, and Gorias; thence they sailed for Ireland, taking with them their 4 talismans: the sword (from Gorias) and spear (from Finias) of Lugh Lamhfada, the cauldron of the Daghda (from Murias), and the Lia Fail (from Failias). The actual location of these legendary cities is unknown.  

Coarb - In medieval Ireland and Scotland, the president of a collegiate church (i.e. Celtic monastery following the Rule of St. Columba), who had the privilege of clerical orders and said mass ('serveth the cure'). Although the Co-arb was in clerical orders, he was usually married, and if one of his sons was qualified by learning he would be chosen in time by the Dean and Chapter to be Co-arb. Thus the co-arbship was in a manner hereditary. After the Reformation and the Dissolution of the Monasteries the role of co-arb became subsumed in that of the parish vicar

Sollis, Clive - Irish Claidheamh Solais (pron. "kliv sulish") or "Sword of Light." Here Matt Gregory (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake)

Kettle, Galorious - Mark Lyons as the magic cauldron of Dagda, one of the four magic objects, brought to the battle of Mag-Tured.

Lancey, Pobiedo - Luke Tarpey as the spear of Lug, which was one of the four magic objects brought to the battle of Mag-Tured + pobeda (Russian) - victory.

“Pierre du sort” is French for “stone of destiny”  

Caesar - an absolute monarch, an autocrat, emperor

in chief - in the chief or highest place or position (Commander-in-chief, etc.)

sennet - a signal call on a trumpet or cornet for entrance or exit on the stage

Adelphi - the name of a group of buildings in London between the Strand and the Thames, laid out by the four brothers, James, John, Robert, and William Adam and hence called Adelphi (Gr. brothers); the name of the theatre in the vicinity of these buildings, at which a certain type of melodrama was prevalent c 1882-1900.

brat i slava (Serbian) - brother and glory, brother and praise + Bratislava - capital of Slovakia.

Hyrcan and Aristobulus - warring brothers + REFERENCE

humpty dumpty - a short, dumpy, hump-shouldered person. In nursery rhyme: "All the king's horses and all the king's men, / Cannot put Humpty together again." 

revival - the act of restoring an old play to the stage

King's Men - Shakespeare's acting company, under the patronage of James I. The Queen's Men were a rival company.

wireless - to send a message by wireless

seven seas - the Arctic, Antarctic, North and South Pacific, North and South Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. 

crowd - an ancient Celtic musical instrument of the viol class + cloudburst + broadcast.

[H]ellene (gr) - Greek + Ardill: St. Patrick, A.D. 180 122: 'The seven sister tongues, which sprang from the same source and from the same era, are Sanskrit, Zend (Persian), Celtic, Latin, Greek, Teutonic and Slavonic' + Celtic, Hellenic, Teutonic, Slavic, Zend (Avestan, Old East Iranian), Latin, Sanskrit.

tabloid - a newspaper having pages half the dimensions of the standard format, especially one that favours stories of a sensational nature over more serious news + {Four Books [i.e. FW]}

fern (Bearlagair Na Saer) - man + Finn MacCool.

cald = cold; p. of call (obs.) + caldo (it) - hot.

firn (Ger. firn, firne, lit. 'last year's' (snow)) - snow above the glaciers which is partly consolidated by alternate thawing and freezing + Firn (ger) - mountain top + Finn

mime - a kind of simple farcical drama among the Greeks and Romans, characterized by mimicry and the ludicrous representation of familiar types of character; (The art of) gesture, movement, etc. (as distinct from words) used to express emotion and dramatic action or character; dumb show.

Mick - Michael (short.); a Roman Catholic

Nick - Nicholas (short.); the devil + Mick and Nick - St Michael, the Archangel, and the Devil, Old Nick. 

Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard: CHAPTER LXXXIX. IN WHICH A CERTAIN SONGSTER TREATS THE COMPANY TO A DOLOROUS BALLAD WHEREBY MR. IRONS IS SOMEWHAT MOVED... 'There was a man near Ballymooney, / Was guilty of a deed o' blood: / For thravelling alongside wiv ould Tim Rooney / He kilt him in a lonesome wood'.

ridden - oppressed by (Usually used as combining form: guilt-ridden, bed-ridden, etc.)

murther - murderer + murther (Irish Pronunciation) - murder + Dangerfield talking about Sturk: 'Then he might come home in a coach. But he was a close-fisted fellow and loved a shilling; so it was probable he would walk. His usual path was by the Star Fort, and through the thorn woods between that and the Magazine. So I met him. I said I was for town, and asked him how he had fared in his business; and turned with him, walking slowly as though to hear. I had that loaded whalebone in my pocket, and my sword, but no pistol. It was not the place for firearms; the noise would have made an alarm. So I turned sharp upon him and felled him. He knew by an intuition what was about to happen, for as the blow fell he yelled "murder." (Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard)

bluechin (Slang) - an actor + Zekiel Irons was a lean, reserved fellow, with a black wig and blue chin, and something shy and sinister in his phiz. (Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard).

villain - the principle bad character in a film or work of fiction + Black Dillon - doctor who revives Sturk in 'The House by the Churchyard'. Sturk dictates a deathbed account of Dangerfield's attack on him and the murder of Beauclerc; Irons, discovering that the game is up, adds his own story to the record. Dangerfield is apprehended after a violent scuffle with the authorities, and in the subsequent trial is found guilty. He contrives to avoid hanging by a strange strategem: he seals off the ventilation in his cell and uses the charcoal brazier that is his bed-warmer to suffocate himself. Before his death he gives a full confession of his deeds to Mervyn (now acknowledged as Lord Dunoran).


clock + glogar (gloger) (gael) = glugger (Anglo-Irish) - empty rattle; empty foolish boaster; egg that fails to hatch [220.29] + (*C*).

Seumas Mac Cuill (shemus mok kwil) (gael) - James son of Coll ("hazel tree"); anglic. James McQuill.

robot - a mechanism that can move automatically

dress circle - In a theatre, the lowest and most expensive tier of seats + (barrel).

gagster - one who makes 'gags' or jokes; a gag-writer or comedian

rogue's gallery - a collection of the portraits of criminals; also transf. and fig. + gallery - the highest and least expensive platform of seats in a theatre.

bleak - pale, pallid; fig. Cheerless, dreary + FDV: Glug: the bad black boy of storybook who has been sent into disgrace by Mr Shemus Pannem (The list of dramatis personae was among the last additions to this chapter. It was written when Joyce was well advanced in his revising of II, ii.)

story book - a book containing stories, esp. children's stories; also occas. a novel or romance; freq. fig. with allusion to the conventionally happy ending of children's stories. 

tabs = tableau curtain - any front curtain, curtain settings on the stage

mutch - a night covering for the head; a cap or coif, worn by women and young children + (notebook 1931): 'I does not wish to know too much'.

divorce - to put away, remove, dispel + (disgraced in divorce court).

flora - In Latin mythology, the goddess of flowers + *Q*

girl scout - a girl guide + FDV: The Floras (S. Bride's Girl Scouts School): a bunch of pretty maidens who from a the guard of honour of the beautiful bl   

St Brigid's - Schools of the Holy Faith, for boys and girls, were in the care of the Sisters of the Holy Faith, at 116-117, The Coombe + Brighid (brid') (gael) - Strong; fem. personal name; goddess of poetry, also saint, patroness of Ireland.

acidulated tablet - a sweet made of sugar strongly flavoured with tartaric acid

pick on - to fix on, to single out for attention or adverse criticism

pet peeve - a special or recurring source of irritation, a minor annoyance that can instill great frustration in an individual

Valkyrie - In Scandinavian mythology, one or other of the twelve war-maidens supposed to hover over battlefields and to conduct the fallen warriors to Valhalla + kyriê eleêsôn (gr) - Lord have mercy.

*I* + FDV: Izod (Miss Herself): a beautiful blond (approached in loveliness only by her sister reflection in a mirror), who, having jilted Glug, is now fascinated by 

beauty spot - a spot or patch placed upon the face by ladies in the method of adornment formerly fashionable; a feature or place of special beauty + beauty spot (Slang) - vulva.

attendant - one who waits upon, accompanies, or follows another in order to render service

leaflet - a small-sized leaf of paper or a sheet folded into two or more leaves but not stitched, and containing printed matter

bewitching - enchanting, charming, captivating

blonde - a woman with blond hair

dimple - a small natural hollow in the cheek; to produce dimples while smiling


opal - fig. in reference to its various and changing colours

jilt - to cast off (a lover) capriciously

chuff - a rustic, boor, clown; Generally applied opprobriously, with a fitting epithet, to any person disliked + chief + *V* + chuff (Anglo-Irish) - full (e.g. after over-eating).

sean = scene + Sean (shan) (gael) - John + Sean O Mala (Irish) - John descendant of the Bag + Shaun

sanguine - blood-red

pictograph - a pictorial symbol or sign; a writing or record consisting of pictorial symbols (the most primitive form of records)

drop - In a theatre: The painted curtain let down between the acts of a play to shut off the stage from the view of the audience; also called act drop.

tophole - the highest point attainable

geminal - a pair, duplicated, twin + generally

pud - pudding + Joyce's note: 'pud shoe'.

togs - clothes

bags - trousers 

gat - a revolver or other gun

chute - to send down through a chute (sloping channel or passage for the conveyance of water, or of things floating in water, to a lower level) + chute (fr) - fall + shooting

adumbrate - to give a faint shadow or slight representation of, to outline + FDV: Chuff, the fairhaired who wrestles with the bad black boy about caps or something till the shadows make a pattern of somebody or other after which they are both scrubbed well-scrubbed by

off the set - from the stage

corrie - circular hollow on a mountain side (Gaelic: cauldron, kettle) + corre (Portuguese) - runs + correndo (Portuguese) - running + corriente (sp) - running; a stream + *A* + riverrun

Grischun (Rhaeto-Romanic) - Grisoun, area where is Rhaeto-Romanic spoken

scoula (Rhaeto-Romanic) - school

pied (fr) - foot + *VYC*

mandamus - A term 'originally applied generically to a number of ancient writs, letters missive, or mandates, issued by the sovereign, directing the performance of certain acts', but afterwards restricted to the judicial writ issued in the King's name from the Court of King's Bench (now, from the Crown side of the King's Bench Division of the High Court of Justice) and directed to an inferior court, a corporation, an officer, etc., commanding some specified thing to be done.

monie = money

perdona un momento (it) - excuse me a moment + perduanaunza (Rhaeto-Romanic) - saint's day.

entree - the entrance of performers in any large spectacle or show, the coming of an actor upon the stage + entrée (fr) - entry, side-dish.

pulcino (it) - chicken + Pulcinella (it) - Punch, male Neapolitan mask.

Easter egg

in lieu - instead or in place of the thing mentioned, as a substitute + (stepmother).

woman of the house (Anglo-Irish) - mistress of a household, housewife + FDV: Ann, their poor little old mother-in-lieu who is the wife of

hump - a hump backed person; sexual intercourse + *E* + FDV: Hump, the cause of all the trouble at present engaged in entertaining in his customhouse

Gunn, Michael (1840-1901) - manager of the Gaiety Theatre, South King Street, Dublin; husband of Bessie Sudlow, father of  Selskar Gunn. 

saga - a story of heroic achievement or marvellous adventure. Also, a novel or series of novels recounting the history of a family through several generations, as The Forsyte Saga. Now freq. in weakened use, a long and complicated (account of a) series of more or less loosely connected events.

programme - an announcement of the events that will occur as part of a theatrical event

King Ericus, known as "Windy Cap" (Olaus Magnus) + (notebook 1931): 'King Ericus of Sweden ghosts whisper to his magical hat' Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 164: 'The supernatural beings who attended on King Erricus, of Sweden, enabled him, by means of magic words whispered to his "magical hat," to make the winds blow high or low, west or east, just as he pleased'. 

Schweden (ger) - Sweden

cap a pie - from head to foot: in reference to arming or accoutring + cad with a pipe.

topper - a top-hat, a tall hat

Coat of arms or armorial bearings (often just 'arms' for short), in European tradition, is a design belonging to a particular person (or group of people) and used by them in a wide variety of ways. They were once used by knights to identify them apart from enemy soldiers. Unlike seals and emblems, coats of arms have a formal description that is expressed as a blazon.

crest - an erect plume or tuft of feathers, horse-hair, or the like, fixed on the top of a helmet or head-dress; Her. A figure or device (originally borne by a knight on his helmet) placed on a wreath, coronet, or chapeau, and borne above the shield and helmet in a coat of arms; also used separately, as a cognizance, upon articles of personal property, as a seal, plate, note-paper, etc. 

supporters - In heraldry, figures usually placed on either side of the shield and depicted holding it up. These figures may be real or imaginary animals, human figures, and in rare cases plants or inanimate objects. Often these can have local significance, such as the fisherman and the tin miner granted to Cornwall County Council, or an historical link, such as the lion of England and unicorn of Scotland on the two variations of the Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.

grievance - a circumstance or state of things which is felt to be oppressive

whirl - something as a body of water or air, in (rapid) circling motion + the world, the flesh and the devil - a diabolical equivalent of Father, Son and Holy Ghost (Hart, Clive / Structure and motif in Finnegans wake).

impeachment - the accusation and prosecution of a person for treason or other high crime or misdemeanour before a competent tribunal + Egyptians envisaged Atum in two possible modes: "floating in Nun", as a diffused, passive and dormant genetic potential, versus "hatching out of his egg".

thorough and thorough - from beginning to end of

reconverted - converted back to a previous state

propound - to put forth, propose, or offer for consideration, discussion, or acceptance

studding sail or studsail - sail used to increase the sail area of a square rigged vessel in light winds + (setting studsail).

jibsheet - one of the ropes by which the jib is trimmed, stretching from its clew to the bows of the ship + jib - triangular staysail on large ships.

royals - largest sails on a ship of any sort

semblance - outward or token appearance or form

membrance = remembrance

umbra (l) - shadow; ghost



reveil - to reveal, disclose

quondam - that formerly was or existed, at one time

supercargo - an officer on board a merchant ship whose business it is to superintend the cargo and the commercial transactions of the voyage

rockery - an artificial heap or pile of rough stones and soil used for the ornamental growing of ferns and other plants; natural rockwork


pilgrimism - pilgrim condition or practice

customhouse - a house or office at which custom is collected; esp. a government office situated at a place of import or export, as a seaport, at which customs are levied on goods imported or exported.

CAERLEON-ON-USK - Village, Monmouthshire (now Gwent), Wales, on Usk River, 3 miles North-East of Newport. Famous in legend as the chief home of King Arthur and seat of his court (twelve major knights [221.01]).

statutory - enacted, appointed, or created by statute; required for the sake of appearances, having only token significance

customer - an official who collects customs or dues, a custom-house officer (obs.); one who consumes goods and services. The word historically derives from "custom," meaning "habit". A customer was someone who frequented a particular shop, who made it a habit to purchase goods there, and with whom the shopkeeper had to maintain a relationship to keep his or her "custom," meaning expected purchases in the future + *O*

Patricius (l) - Patrick + Saint Patrick College in Maynooth, the principal Irish seminary for the training of the diocesan priesthood.  

annuary - a book of which successive numbers are published once a year, usually at the same date; esp. one that conveys information for the year, or reviews the events of the past year.

colporteur - hawker of books, bibles, etc. + cold porter.


locomotive - Of a person: That is constantly travelling from place to place + 'The Book of The Hidden Chamber' (ca. 1426 BCE) or the 'Twelve Hours of the Night' → Decanal "star clocks" decorated the interior of Egyptian (wooden) coffin lids, in both drawings and texts, starting circa 2100 BCE. The use of the decan stars for time measurement during the night likely led to the twelve-division of the period of complete darkness. Of the 18 decans marking the period from sunset to sunrise 3 were assigned to each interval of twilight. This left 12 decans to mark the hours of total darkness. The "hours" successively marked by each decan star for an interval of 10 days were, however, actually only an "hour" of approximately 45 minutes duration. (Each decan would rise approximately 45 minutes later each night.) The division of the hour into 60 minutes was the invention of the Babylonians. The decanal system has been traced back as far as the 3rd Dynasty (circa 2800 BCE) and may be older still.

inn = in

outing - the action of going out or forth, an expedition

sloppily - in a sloppy or slovenly manner + FDV: The Customers, a bundle of representatives who are served by

Saunderson - Man Servant (*S*) + Sackerson - the name of a bear kept near the Globe Theatre in Shakespeare's time → Great Bear constellation, "3D Time" + FDV: Sanderson, a spoilcurate, butt of

knut - a fashionable or showy young man + Knut - Scandinavian first name, derived from the Old Norse Knútr meaning "knot".

Oel (ger) - oil + øl (Danish) - beer + svinge (Danish) - to brandish.

tiff - to drink, to sip + Taff + Tuesday.

in bad - out of favour (with, etc.), in bad odour + bad (Danish) - bath + (in bed).

flatfish - a name for fish of the family Pleuronectidæ, which includes the turbot, plaice, etc.

torchbearing - that carries a torch. Also fig.

aap (Dutch) - ape + Joyce's note: 'apes bearing torches at Cena'.

dud - an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual

halfsovereign - an English gold coin, nominally worth 50 pence (ten shillings)

nochi (Serbian) - nights + chai (Serbian) - tea.

roly poly - a kind of pudding, consisting of a sheet of pastry covered with jam or preserves, formed into a roll and boiled or steamed + rullepølse (Danish) - rolled meat sausage.

GLEN OF THE DOWNS - Wooded area, a valley without a river, 1 mile West of Delgany, Co Wicklow, on the Dublin-Wicklow Road. 

Rolf Ganger ("walker") or Rollo - chief of the Normans who invaded France, first duke of Normandy + Gungnir - Odin's spear. 

gas-works - An unhealthy place to work, for this was a plant where burning coal was turned into gas to be used for light and heat in Dublin. Probably the cause of Michael Fury's tuberculosis in The Dead + Werk (ger) - factory, work.

Loki - Norse god of mischief and evil, who contrived the death of Balder. In the great conflict of the gods and the giants Loki was a hybrid, able to converse with both parties. But he was ultimately evil. 'When the gods were reduced to the rank of demons by the introduction of Christianity, Loki was confounded with Saturn, who had also been shorn of his divine attributes, and both were considered the prototype of Satan." If Classical mythology is required of FW we must make Saturn S, Jupiter HCE and Mercury Shaun-Shem + Lucky Strike (cigarettes). 

o.s.v. = og saa videre (Danish) - and so on

Schererei (ger) - trouble + Scheren (ger) - scissors + Schein (ger) - appearance, light.

milieu - the totality of surrounding conditions and circumstances affecting growth or development: ambiance, atmosphere + mildew - a fungus that produces a superficial (usually white) growth on organic matter.

butt - a buttock + Butt [.06]

Rachel - the stage-name of Elisa Félix (1820-58), French actress + Rachel and Leah - wives and nieces of Jacob + *K* + FDV: Kate, cook-and-general.

VARIAN AND CO - Brush manufacturers, long at 91-92 Talbot Street.

forking - the action of the vb. fork + fortunes. 

purdah - a curtain; esp. one serving to screen women from the sight of men or strangers

palmer - a person who palms (conceal in the palm) a card, die, or other object, as in cheating at a game or performing a magic trick + (notebook 1931): 'card palmer' Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 167: (of a conjurer appearing in Dublin theatres) 'M. Guibal, formerly a French professor in a ladies' college in Dublin... was an unrivalled card-palmer, his dexterity and adroitness being marvellous'.

tosspot - one accustomed to toss off his pot of drink, a heavy drinker, a toper, drunkard

pawse = pause

kook - a cranky, crazy, or eccentric person + cook

drudge - one employed in mean, servile, or distasteful work; a slave, a hard toiler

(one thing, that is, playing 'House by the Churchyard' or 'What’s up in Asgaard', the show must go on.)

whort = whortleberry - the blue black fruit or the dwarf shrub, or the plant itself

ASGARD (ASGAARD) - The realm of the Aesir or Scandinavian gods; situated in center of universe, accessible only by the rainbow bridge (Bifrost); among regions contained are Gladsheim and Valhalla.

the show must go on - things (orig. a circus or theatrical peformance) must carry on as planned despite difficulty, calamity, etc.

pressant (fr) - urgent

FDV: with battlepictures worked up by Messrs Blood and Thunder, costumes designed by Madame Delamode, dances arranged by Harley Quin and Column Bin, songs, jokes and properties for the wake supplied by Mr Timothy Finnegan, the whole to be wound up with a magnificent transformation scene showing the Wedding of Night and Morning and the Dawn of Peace waking the Weary of the World. An argument follows.

onehorse - on a small scale; of small and limited resources or capacity + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 20: 'one-horse town'.

pageant - an elaborate representation of scenes from history (usually involves a parade with rich costumes)

work up - to build up, construct, form

evergreen + Everglades - mangrove swamp, Florida.

mangrove - a tropical tree or shrub bearing fruit that germinates while still on the tree and having numerous prop roots that eventually form an impenetrable mass and are important in land building + maze - complex system of paths or tunnels in which it is easy to get lost.

Beobachter (ger) - observer

blood and thunder - violence in a film, book, etc. + (notebook 1931): 'blood & thunder' Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 161: (of R.M. Levey describing his early experience of a theatre performance by Sir Henry Irving) 'I will never forget it... The play was one of the blood and thunder type, Jack Sheppard or Robert Macaire - I forget the title'.

film - a cinema performance

good people (Anglo-Irish) - fairies

prompting - an incitement to action, an instigation

elanio vitale (Italian) = élan vitale (French) - vital impulse (term used by French philosopher Henri Bergson to represent the creative principle and fundamental reality immanent in all organisms and responsible for evolution).

long shot - something incredible or very unlikely, a far-fetched explanation, a wild guess; a cinema or television shot which includes figures or scenery at a distance.

upclose - to close up (in various senses) + close up - a cinema or television shot taken at short range in order to magnify detail.

blackout - the darkening of a stage during a performance; a darkened stage

hexen (l) - to divine + schuss (l) - shoot + Hexenschuss (ger) - stabbing pain at onset of acute lumbago (literally 'witch-shot').

cauchemar (fr) - nightmare

incubo (l) - to lie + incubus (l) - nightmare + incubone (it) - big nightmare.

Roc na Raig (ruknurag) (gael) - Gully of the Chasm + Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods.

berthe - a deep falling collar, usually of lace, attached to the top of a low-necked dress, and running all round the shoulders + Bertha Delimita - Joyce's niece.

harlequin - a character in Italian comedy. In English pantomime a mute character supposed to be invisible to the clown and pantaloon; he has many attributes of the clown (his rival in the affections of Columbine) with the addition of mischievous intrigue; he usually wears particoloured bespangled tights and a visor, and carries a light 'bat' of lath as a magic wand.

Columbine - a character in Italian Comedy, the mistress of Harlequin + beina (Norwegian) - the legs.

jest - a humorous anecdote or remark

jig - a piece of sport, a joke

jorum - a large drinking-bowl or vessel; the amount that such a bowl contains

the late lamented - someone recently dead + cemented - treated with cement

Tem or Atem - Egyptian creator god who peopled the world by spitting or masturbating onto the primordial mudheap at Heliopolis. His name is thought to be derived from the word 'tem' which means to complete or finish. Thus he has been interpreted as being the 'complete one' and also the finisher of the world, which he returns to watery chaos at the end of the creative cycle. As creator he was seen as the underlying substance of the world. As in Middle Egyptian vowels are not indicated, all that is sure about the god's name is that its consonants were t and m. Atem, Atoun, Tem, Temu have all been used by scholars. By this pattern, t-m is named in every Tim Finnegan. 

R.I.C. - Royal Irish Constabulary + R.I.P. - requiescat in pace, 'may he rest in peace'.

Ouida - the nom-de-plume of the English novelist Marie Louise de la Ramée (1839-1908) + oui (fr) - yes + da (Russian) - yes + ikke (Danish) - not + ikke nu (Danish) - not now + Ouida Nooikke - yes no. 

lime = limelight - the intense white light for important actors and scenes

flood - light that is a source of artificial illumination having a broad beam

KREUGER AND TOLL - Through his Swedish Match Co, Ivan Kreuger lit up the world by controlling through state monopolies more than 65% of the world's match production before the collapse of his financial empire after 1929.

kopaj (Serbian) - dig, excavate + cap a pie - an Old French expression, meaning to be armed from head-to-foot.

piob (pib) (gael) - pipe + pibe (Danish) - pipe.

KAPP AND PETERSON - Tobacconists, pipe manufacturers. Around the turn of the century, at 53 Grafton Street and 56 South King Street + kapa (Serbian) - hat. 

hovedpine (Danish) - headache + hoved (Danish) - head + hoed (Dutch) - hat. 

venthole - a hole or opening for the admission or passage of air, light, etc.

morgen = morn + MORGAN, JOSEPH, MRS - Hat manufacturer, 9 Grafton Street, around the turn of the century.

bosse = boss

Strindberg, August (1849-1912) - Swedish author of, among other things, A Dream Play; a hater of women. His 3d wife, Harriet Bosse, in 1914 ran a Paris nightclub, "The Cave of the Golden Calf," where were played "violent Vorticist assaults on the drama." 

take for granted - to regard as not requiring proof, or as likely to be admitted by everyone + graft - to insert (a shoot from one tree) as a graft into another tree. 

Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods + "yours till the rending of the rocks, — Sham." [170.24]

Venetian blind - a window-blind composed of narrow horizontal slats so fixed as to admit of ready adjustment for the exclusion or admission of light and air + Phoenician. 

Sardinian - rel. to Sardinia + sourd (fr) - deaf.

doorposts + doof (ger) - stupid, tiresome + deaf as a post (phrase) + Motif: ear/eye (deaf/blind).

Shauvesourishe - French chauve-souris, "bat." Mr Wilder says also a Paris organized Russian troupe of entertainers. 

Wohnbedarf (ger) - home furnishings + wohnt (ger) - lives, resides + Bedarf (ger) - requirement.

eke - an addition, a piece added on, a supplement + eik (Dutch) - oak + wild silkworms feed on oak leaves but are cultured on mulberry leaves.

silktree - low headed spreading tree, possessed of the most graceful foiage + Silken Thomas Fitzgerald - 16 c. Earl of Kildare, Irish rebel.

chauve-souris (fr) - bat

seedman - a sower of seed

Grabstein (ger) - gravestone + Gladstone = G.O.M. ('Grand Old Man') [.35]

crack - a sudden sharp and loud noise as of something breaking or bursting; a sharp or cutting remark

smoker - one who smokes tobacco; one who jests at, or ridicules, others

gods - Theat. (So called because seated on high): The occupants of the gallery

interjection - an ejaculation or exclamation

pit - that part of the auditorium of a theatre which is on the floor of the house; now usually restricted to the part of this behind the stalls. 

accidental - without intention (especially resulting from heedless action); a musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural although that is not part of the key signature

providentially - by the ordination of divine providence

Larchet, John F. - orchestra leader at the Abbey, starting in 1908 + archet (fr) - bow (musical).

la corde (fr) - the string + (bow and string instrument, e.g. violin). 

score - Mus. A written or printed piece of concerted music, in which all the vocal and instrumental parts are noted on a series of staves one under the other.

to start with - 'to begin with', at the beginning + Genesis 1:1, John 1:1: 'In the beginning'.

Hirt (ger) - shepherd + heartly

bemark - to mark with the sign of the cross, to cross oneself

chorale - a composition, usually four-voiced, that proceeds in a primarily homophonic texture with both harmonic progression and individual voice-leading having equal importance  

canon - a contrapuntal piece of music in which a melody in one part is imitated exactly in other parts 

betune (Anglo-Irish) - between + tune - to utter or express (something) musically; to bring into accord or harmony, to attune.  

ambi (l) - both, around + Amphion - legendary singer, son of Zeus and Antiope, and twin brother of Zethus. Together they are famous for building Thebes. While Zethus struggled to carry his stones, Amphion played his lyre and his stones followed after him and gently glided into place.

ANNAPOLIS - city of Annu (the Egyptian name for Heliopolis) + Q: What technical means did they use to cut the stones and transport them? A: Sound wave focusing... Q: (L) Then, is there also specific sound configurations involved? A: Gravity is manipulated by sound when thought manipulated by gravity chooses to produce sound which manipulates gravity. (Ouiji Board Transcripts With Aliens From Constellation Cassiopeia by Laura Knight).

McCormack, John (1884-1945) - Irish tenor who went to America, made his pile, became an American citizen, a papal count. In FW III, i,ii, McCormack is one of the principal models for Shaun-Jaun, who sings McCormack's favorite songs; both are strongly identified with Don Giovanni - indeed, McCormack was called "Giovanni" in the musical world. The impression given by his wife is that he was, like Shaun-Jaun, a great child who ate and ate - food, drink, violins, motorcars, toy trains, chalices, yachts, Rodins - and grew heavier and heavier physically. Until his voice went, McCormack was, like Shaun-Jaun, a spellbinder so peerless that Woodrow Wilson begged him not to go in the army but stay on the home front "to keep the fountains of sentiment flowing." Anyone who wants to know what Shaun-Jaun looks like can turn to the pictures in Mrs McCormack's book, I Hear You Calling Me (Milwaukee, 1949). Shaun's uniform as King's Post owes, as Mr Atherton has shown, much to Sean the Post, but it must also be thought of as the regalia of the divinely complacent McCormack as papal count. Two other principal models for Shaun-Jaun are Hermes Trismegistus (see Thoth) and Wyndham Lewis, who Joyce was sure would make a "clamorous conversion" to Catholicism. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake)

Sullivan, John - Irish-French operatic tenor about whose voice Joyce was (wrongly, his fiends thought) enthusiastic. Joyce described Sullivan in "From a Banned Writer to a Banned Singer" + sous le vin (fr) - under the wine. 

noble - a noble or famous person

soger = soldier

ef = ''F'' + if

thes = these; that

whot = hot + what

deux = deuce + deux (fr) - two + do

sauvequipeut - a general stampede or complete rout + sauve-qui-peut (fr) - save himself who can.

Oh Hoffnung der Rache, verlasse mich nicht! (ger) - Oh hope of revenge, abandon me not! + Der Rasche (ger) - the quick one.

climax - the highest point of anything reached by gradual ascent; the culmination, apex

Polyphemus - One of Homer's cyclops, one-eyed giant, outwitted by Ulysses or Noman, who got him drunk and blinded him + "Polyphemous is Ul's shadow" (Joyce's note) + Within the dreamer's rubbled body of matter - variously characterized as a mound, a hump, a middenheap, a "mudmound" (111.34), "the Bearded Mountain" - this sleeping figure muses, as if within a "museomound" (8.05), on materials that have gathered within him (John Bishop)

rutsch- (ger) - to slide

romp - to move easily and rapidly

nursery - a pond or place in which the young fry are reared

maidy - a little maid + Christa Winsloe: Mädchen in Uniform.

thingamajig - something that is hard to classify + The tradition of Gog and Magog begins in the Hebrew Bible with the reference to Magog, son of Japheth, in the Book of Genesis and continues in cryptic prophecies in the Book of Ezekiel, which are echoed in the Book of Revelation and in the Qur'an. The tradition is very ambiguous with even the very nature of the entities differing between sources. They are variously presented as men, supernatural beings (giants or demons), national groups, or lands. 

titular - one who has title or appelation of some kind, one who bears title or rank

wind up - to put in order and settle (an affair) with the view of bringing it to an end, to bring to a final settlement

enactment - the acting of a part or character in a play

19th century English pantomimes were usually composed of two unrelated parts, the pantomime proper followed by a comic harlequinade, connected through a transformation scene (often initiated by a fairy queen) in which the actors changed roles on stage.

radium - a radioactive element, chemically a member of the alkaline earth metals + Petit Journal called 70th wedding anniversary a radium wedding.

Neid (ger) - envy + night

moorn = morn; mourn + morning

perpetual - lasting or destined to last for ever, eternal

chuffy - plump cheeked, chubby; clownish, surly, morose

an angel + the game of Angels and Devils, or Colours; the Angels (*I* and *Q*) are grouped behind the Angel (*V*) and the Devil (*C*) has to come over three times and ask for a colour; if the colour he asks for has been chosen by any girl she has to run and he tries to catch her.

soard = sward; sore + sword


sing song - a ballad, a piece of verse, having musical rather than poetical qualities, esp. one of a monotonous or jingling character; to sing, make verses, utter words, etc., in a sing-song manner.

meekly - in a submissive or spiritless manner + prayer at end of Mass: 'Sancte, sancte, Michaelus, defende nos in praelio' ('Holy, holy Saint Michael, defend us in battle').

defende nos (l) - defend us + nous - mind, intellect, common sense.

prowl - to move about in or as if in a predatory manner + FDV: Chuffy was a nangel then and his soard fleshed light like likening. Fools top! Singty; sangty meeky loose, defendy nous in prayley boos. Make a shine on the curst. Emem.

sign + make a shine (Slang) - make a fuss, commotion

curst - that has had a curse pronounced or invoked upon him or it; excommunicated, anathematized; under a curse, blasted with a curse + cross

devil + FDV: But the duvlim sulph was in Glugger, that lost-to-lurning. Punct.

self + sulph- - Used as combining form of sulphur, in names of chemical compounds containing sulphur.

glugger (Anglo-Irish) - empty noise; a foolish boaster; egg that does not hatch (from Irish: gliogar).

loss to learning (notebook 1930)

punct - a punctuation mark, esp. full stop

puffing + sbuffare (it) - to pant, to puff, to snort

spitting + sputo (l) - to spit + sputare (it) - to spit.

tossing + tussio (l) - to cough.

anisine - an alkaloid formed by the action of ammonia upon hydride of anisyl + insane

weep out one's eyes - phr. expressing excessive or prolonged weeping + Isolde.

gnash - to strike together or grind the teeth, esp. from rage or anguish + Matthew 25:30: 'And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth'.

brevity - shorteness, esp. as applied to time + brevis dies (l) - [our] brief day: human life + brividi (it) - shivers + brevity of existence.

exister - one who or that which exists + FDV: He was sbuffing and sputing, tussing like anisine, whipping his eysoult and gmatsching his teats over the brividies from exsisters and the outher liubbocks of life.

outher - each (of two), either + other

lubach (lubokh) (gael) - deceitful, meandering + leabar (Irish) - book + Lubeck (city) + Revelation 20:12: 'the book of life' + John Lubbock, Lord Avebury: The Pleasures of Life.


Kelch (ger) - chalice, cup + quelque chose accablé (fr) - something overcome.

Kleeblatt (ger) - clover leaf + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies, song: Oh the Shamrock: 'Chosen leaf'.

prayse - the action of praising, the expression of admiration

club - a club-card, a card of this suit (a trefoil leaf in black); swords (correspond to spades) and clubs are the two black suits of Tarot pack

corset - a closely-fitting inner bodice stiffened with whalebone, and fastened by lacing + Matthew 25:41: 'Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels' (God's words on doomsday to the damned).

(devil's hoof)

faith, hope and charity (I Corinthians 13:13) + 'jarrety' is an Irish term for the leg + jarret (fr) - bend of the knee. 

djowr - an infidel + diabhal (d'oul) (gael) - devil + djavole (Serbian) - hey devil! + FDV: To part from thees, my corsets, is into overlusting fear. Acts of feet, hoof and jarrety. Djow Djowl, uphere!

amidst + minxi (l) - I have urinated

sombre - sombre character; sombreness (rare) + nombre (fr) - number + ombre (fr) - shadow + nombre (sp) - name, reputation.

James Joyce, Dubliners: 'Eveline'

Percival, Parsifal - Grail knight, subject of a Wagnerian opera + peaceful

suggestiveness - the quality of being suggestive

stir - movement, considered in contrast to or as an interruption of rest or stillness; slight or momentary movement + early stars.

zittter- (ger) - to tremble + zitte (Italian) - silent (feminine plural) + zitter or cither - stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance + glitterings of light.

twitch bell - an earwig

rondel - a circle, a circular object; kind of dance

waver - to sway to and fro

nightly - dark as, or with, night; resembling night + naughtily - wickedly, viciously (obs.)

descended - that has descended, fallen, or dropped

stairs + {the first stars appeared, the girls released their glittering light and circles of earwigs formed, and they shimmered as they descended in the air and shyly beckoned from behind his back. ‘Sammy, come on!’}

skylight - light from the sky; light coming into a room, etc., from above

beacon - to light up, as a beacon-fire does; fig. To give light and guidance to, to lead + beckon - to summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture.

FDV: Aminxt that nombre of evelings, but, how pierceful in their sojestiveness were those first girly stirs, with zitterings of flight releashed and twinglings of twitchbells in rondel after, with waverys waverings that made shimmershake rather nightily all the duskscended airs and shylit beaconings from shehind hins hims back.  

Sammy - a ninny, simpleton; In British use: an American soldier in the war of 1914-18, so called from the name Uncle Sam + Samuel (Beckett) + semicolon - ";"

Mary Lamb - sister and collaborator of Charles Lamb, killed her mother and suffered from mental illness throughout her life (*I*)

suffering + FDV: Sammy, call on. Bopeeps, she was shuffering all the diseasinesses of the unherd of. Mary Louisan Shousapinas!

diseasiness - morbid quality or elements

Marie Louise and Josephine (Napoleon's wives; *IJ*)

art + arx (l) - citadel + arcus (l) - bow, rainbow; arch.

salve - to heal (sin, sorrow, etc.) + save

angels + agnoli (Italian Obsolete) - angels + agnello (Italian ) = agno (Italian Archaic) - lamb.

wile - a crafty, cunning, or deceitful trick; a sly, insidious, or underhand artifice

willy - willing, eager; wily (crafty, cunning, sly)

woolf = wolf + FDV: If Arck could no more salve his agnols from the wiles of willy woolly woolf!

airish - rel. to air, aerial; cool, fresh + Irish.

signum (l) - mark, token, sign + FDV: If all the signelles signics of her dipandump helpabit could not that glugg to catch her by the calour of her brideness!

habit - fashion or mode of apparel, dress; bodily apparel or attire + deaf and dumb alphabet (signs in air).

an (Irish) - the

hogan - an earthen dwelling + Hogan, John (1770-1835) - Irish sculptor, who made an Eve, the DNB says, and the O'Connell statue at Dublin's City Hall. 

Mutter (ger) - mother + Douglas: London Street Games 53: (a skipping and shuttlecock chant) 'Old mother Mason -- broke a basin'.

Mason invented steel pen nibs + (Freemasons' secret signs).

colour + calor (l) - warmth, passion + {If only the Irish signs of the deaf and dumb alphabet might stop Glugg guessing the colour of her bride dress}

brightness + Joyce to HSW, 22 Nov 1930: "The scheme of the piece... is the game we used to call Angels and Devils or colours. The Angels, girls, are grouped behind the Angel, Shawn, and the Devil has to come over three times and ask for a colour. If the colour he asks for has been chosen by any girl she has to run and he tries to catch her... The piece is full of rhythms taken from English singing games..."

rose (light red)

Seville orange - the bitter orange, Citrus Bigaradia, used for making marmalade

citronelle - a fragrant Asian grass, Cymbopogon nardus, which yields an oil much used in perfumery + citron (fr) - lemon (yellow).

emerald (green)

pervinca (it) - periwinkle (blue flower) + pervenche - a shade of light blue, resembling the colour of the flowers of the periwinkle.


viola - the violet + Theun Mares: "All the dreamers of mankind are divided into seven groups, each having their own specific rate of vibration. These groups are known by many names, but in terms of the Toltec teachings, they are termed the Lions, the Elephants, the Tigers, the Bears, the Foxes, the Wolves, and the Dragons. The rate of vibration pertaining to each group is technically speaking not a single vibration, but rather a spectrum of allied frequencies grouped together into one overall band, which we loosely term the vibration of a group. This vibration, when seen by a seer, creates the visual impact of a specific colour, and hence we speak of the dreamer’s colour. Depending upon the individual, the actual shade of this colour will be determined by which frequency he or she may be using within the greater band. If, for example, a certain group has that band which is expressed through the colour red, one member of that group could have the colour of light pink, another could have plain red, whilst yet another could have dark crimson, or even a red which is so dark as to appear almost black. As expressed by the Toltec teachings, it is the rate of vibration, or the colour of the group, which determines both the intent and the purpose of a group of dreamers, and it is this intent and purpose that is responsible for the moulding of individual destiny."

montage - a paste-up made by sticking together pieces of paper or photographs + hage (Danish) - chin + month.

marmalade jar + speak in the ear - to whisper, speak privately + mel (l) - honey + melodia (gr) - song, music + Jahr (ger) - year.

29 (*Q*) + pantomime.

uptight - Of a peson: in a state of nervous tension or anxiety, worried, angry; characteristically formal in manner or style + tightly - securely fixed or fastened; in a tight or constricted manner + Sound-description of 'heliotrope' based on Sir Richard Paget's gestural articulation theory on the nature of human speech (e.g. in Paget's 'Babel').

in the front - on the side that meets the eye, in a postition facing the spectator

on the loose - (behaving) in unrestrained or dissolute fashion, 'on the spree'; not tied down; Of women: living by prostitution.

drum - to beat or play on a drum; to beat or thump upon anything with a more or less rhythmical or regular noise + druim, drom (Irish) - back.

heliotroper - one who manages a heliotrope (an apparatus with a movable mirror for reflecting the rays of the sun, used for signalling and other purposes, esp. in geodesic operations) + heliotrope - a pink-purple tint that is a representation of the color of the heliotrope flower. Another name for this color is 'vivid lavender'.

Isotta (it) - Isolde + FDV: Not Rose, Sevilla nor Citronelle; no Esmeralde, Pervenche nor Indra; not Viola even nor all of them four themes over. But up tighty in the front, down again in the loose, drim and drumming on her back and a pop from her whistle what's that. O holytroopers?

stulp = stoop (a post, pillar) + stolp- (ger) - to stumble + stepped

gee (Dublin Slang) - vulva + GLUGG

such a thing did I ne'er see

beamy - emitting beams of light, radiant


calmy - tranquil, peaceful + FDV: Up he stulpled glee you gee with search a mug did die near sea, beamy owen and calmy hugh and if you think of a jink for me I will thingofajig for you.

Marengo - village in northern Italy, the scene of Napoleon's victory over the Austrians in 1800, used in the name of the dish chicken, fowl, poulet à la Marengo, said to have been served to Napoleon after the battle of Marengo; "Marengo" was a favorite (white) horse of Napoleon; he rode it at Waterloo, as Wellington rode "Copenhagen."

head for a fall - to be on a course of action that is likely to lead to failure

Glenasmole (Ir. "Glen of the Thrushes")- Finn's hunting ground in the Dublin mountains, where Ossian, Finn's son, after three-hundred years in the Land of the Young (Irish: Tír na nÓg), fell from his white horse while lifting a heavy stone, touched ground and instantly became old.

Patch (Anglo-Irish) - diminutive for Patrick + (notebook 1930): '*C* Patch (Patrick)'.

whyte = white + Proverbial Phrase: black or dark as pitch (cf. pitch black, pitch dark)

Ossian - His name literally means "young deer", and the story is told that his mother, Sadbh, was turned into a deer by a druid, Fear Doirche + (notebook 1930): 'SP meets Ossian Glenasmole (of Thrushes)' Saint Patrick (Christian Ireland) met with Ossian (pagan Ireland) after the latter became old (Ulysses.9.578: 'Oisin with Patrick').

acrawl - crawling + scowl - to look with louring brows and a malignant or threatening expression; to look angry or sullen.

arrest - the act of stopping anything in its course + arrête-toi! (fr) - stop!

soul brother - a spiritual brother + scald - affected with the scab, scabby; a burn caused by hot liquid or steam + SCALDBROTHER'S HOLE - A subterranean building once in Oxmantown, named after a thief who lived there until he was caught and hanged. 

evangelium (l) - christianity + evangelion (gr) - good news + scald (Ossian) meets evangelist (Patrick).

sabre - a cavalry sword having a curved blade specially adapted for cutting

accusant - one who accuses, an accuser

All Saints - the saints in heaven collectively, = All-Hallows. Hence a frequent dedication of churches. 

Sir John - a familiar or contemptuous appellation for a priest + Wood, Mrs John - her company played She Stoops to Conquer and La Belle Sauvage at the opening of the Gaiety Theatre in Dublin + Joan of Arc.

maim - to injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration or mutilation

bedamn + dumm (ger) - stupid + FDV: Arrest thee! came the evangelion and be dumb dumm but ill s'arrested.

il s'arretait (fr) - he stopped

proffer - to offer, present, tender


trifle - a small article of little intrinsic value + Thomas Moore: Oh the Shamrock (song): 'A triple grass'.

who is she - - the cat's mother? - catch phr. said to one (esp. a child) who uses the pronoun of the third person singular impolitely or with inadequate reference.

what do you lack? - a salesman's cry; hence as an appellation for an itinerant vendor or pedlar + {Chuff: ‘Who are you?’ ‘The cat’s mother,’ said Glugg. Chuff: ‘And what do you lack?’ Glugg: ‘A queen [i.e. Izod]’}

prehend - to seize or take hold of

puzzle one's brains - to exert oneself in thought or contrivance + FDV: But what is that which one is going to prehend? Seeks buzzling is brains the feinder.

Feind (ger) - enemy + fender.

worden (Dutch) - to become + woorden (Dutch) - words.

Schall (ger) - sound, echo + [ge]worden Schall (ger) - become echo (sound).

kunning = cunning - crafty, artful, sly + cunnus (l) - cunt + 'The Secret Languages of Ireland' by Macalister mentions 'a dark tongue' (Ogham) used by two poets to argue without being understood by bystanders, which gave rise to a 10th century story where disputants 'confound each other with obscure allusive kennings'.


Ethiop (Archaic) - Ethiopian + heliotrope.

heated fireshield, i.e. fender + FDV: He askit of the hoothed fireshield but he it was untergone into the matthued heaven.

undergo - to go or pass under (obs.), to subject or submit oneself to + untergehen (ger) - submerge, fail.

matt-hued - dull-coloured + Matthew (THE EVANGELIST), Saint - one of the Twelve Apostles, traditional author of the first Synoptic Gospel + matt - Of colours, surfaces: without lustre, dull, 'dead'.

sought - past of seek

luft = left + Luft (ger) - air + 4 elements (fire, air, earth, water).

Mark, (THE EVANGELIST) Saint - traditional author of the second Synoptic Gospel + FDV: He soughed it from the luft but that bore ne mark ne message.

ne - never; not; nor + ne... ne (Archaic) - neither... nor.

luke = look + Luke, Saint - the author of the third Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles, a companion of the Apostle Paul, and the most literary of the New Testament writers.

blooming - that blooms, or is in flower + Blumen (ger) - flowers + Grund (ger) - ground.

only + ongle (fr) - nail, claw + FDV: He luked upon the fore floregrund where barely his corns were growning.

corn - a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes

prank - to caper, dance; to play pranks or tricks, formerly sometimes wicked or mischievous, now usually in frolic + Prankquean + FDV: At last he listed back to beckline how she pranks pranked alone so johntily.  

jointly - together, in union + jauntily - in a jaunty fashionable manner + John (THE EVANGELIST), Saint

skand - disgrace, shame

schooling - the action of teaching, or the state or fact of being taught, in a school + Richard Brinsley Sheridan: School for Scandal.

without + with not a word from the wireless either + FDV: With nought a wired from the wordless either.

item - used to introduce a new fact or statement, an intimation, a hint

hardset - in a hard or difficult position; set so as to be hard or firm

weet = to know; wet + waiting

grieve - to cause pain, anxiety or vexation to, to annoy

otem = totem + item

ruber (l) - red

thinker - a person of skilled or powerful mind; Theatr. colloq. An actor who plays in 'thinking parts' + at one’s wits ends - very confused esp. about what to do + to have at finger’s end - to have something firmly fixed in the mind or ready to use.

will - desire to, wish to, have a mind to (do something)

gray duck - a sort of duck + duck gravy.

sat down with a rest (roast) of meat (most)

roust - voice, cry, shout + rest

Atem (ger) - breath + Atem, Tem - creator in 'The Book of the Dead'.

thereby hangs a tale - an interesting story is connected with this + towher - dowry + byhanger - a hanger on, a parasite; an appendage + Urteil (ger) - judgement, decision.

deplorable + Plurabelle + FDV: Ah ho! This poor Glugg! It was so said of him about of his old fontmouther. Truly deplurabel! A dire. O dire!

dire - mournful, dismal + dear

frightfulness - the state of being filled with fright; the quality of causing fright, hideousness + freightful - ? of the nature of a charm or incantation.


colline - a small hill + cailin ban (kolin ban) (gael) - white (i.e. pretty) girl + Boucicault: The Colleen Bawn (fair-haired girl).

janitor - a door-keeper, porter, ostiary

terrible + Tower of Babel + FDV: And all the freightfulness whom he inhebited after his colline born janitor. Sometime towerable!

heavy + hehr (ger) - majestic, sublime + hairy ('velvet' on deer's antlers prior to rutting).

antler - the branched horn of a stag or other deer + Antlitz (ger) - visage, face.

remove that bauble! - Cromwell, when dissolving the Rump Parliament; bauble = mace; Earwicker was once a member of the Rump (see, 127.33); Joyce comments in his turn on Cromwell by rendering the order as 'remove that Bible' (Hart, Clive / Structure and motif in Finnegans wake

bulch - to swell out, bulge

pockets + FDV: With that hehry antlets on him and the baublelight bulching out of his sockets whiling away:

while (away) - to cause (time) to pass without wearisomeness, to pass or get through (a vacant time), esp. by some idle or trivial occupation.

sprankle - to throw out sparks, to sparkle; to crackle + FDV: she sprankled his allover with her noces of interregnation: How do you do that lack a lock and pass the poker, please:

all over - over the whole body; everywhere

note of interogation - ''?'' + nocence - guilt + noceo (l) - to harm, to hurt + noces (fr) - marriage + gnosis (gr) - knowledge + interregnum (l) - time between king's death and election of another + Regen (ger) - rain.

tender + tend - to apply oneself to the care and service of (a person).



sweetheart + Thomas Moore: Sing, Sweet Harp (song): 'Sing, sweet Harp, oh sing to me' [air: unknown].

limbo lake - the 'pit' of hell

subconsciousness + nescientia (l) - state of not knowing + subnescientia (l) - below not-knowing.

whither = whether

mother + Morder (ger) - murderer.

blabber - one who blabs, one who reveals secrets, a tell-tale + bladder.

vogal - a cave, a hollow + Vogel (ger) = vogel (Dutch) - bird + vocal

tympan = tympanum (obs.) - Anat. The drum of the ear; the middle ear

skull + FDV: so that Glugg, the poor one, in that limbopool which was his subnesciousness he could scares of all knotknow whither his murder had bourst a blabber or if the vogalstones that hit his tynpan was that mearly his skool missed her. Ah, ho!

trompe - deceit, deception; trumpet + (notebook 1931): 'mistenlaire' Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires: The Mistentune (French song): 'Tell us, can you play the mistentrumpet?... The mistenflute... The mistenviol... The mistentune... Ah! ah! ah! what can you do then?' (the song's keywords are musical terms with a nonsense 'misten-' prefix).


Flut (ger) - flood

cicely - a popular name of several plants + (notebook 1931): 'as, ah, Cecilia' Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires: Cecilia (French song): 'My father had no child but me, (twice) Over the sea he sent me. Jump darling, Cecilia. Ah! Ah! Cecilia').

delightsomeness (Joyce's note) → Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 213: (a state arising from conjugal love) 'delightsomeness'.

Proust: A l'Ombre des Jeunes Filles en Fleurs (French: 'In the Shadow of Young Girls in Bloom'); second volume of À la Recherche du Temps Perdu, published in 1919.

but + bod (bud) (gael) - penis + flower-bud + {girls showed their drawers, all except one [Issy]}

florilegium (l) - collection of flowers, bouquet; anthology

consociate - associated together, united in fellowship or companionship [(notebook 1931): 'consociate' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 214: 'The two married partners most generally meet after death, recognise each other, consociate, and for a time live together'].

hinder - last + hindsight - understanding the nature of an event after it has happened + FDV: Ah, ho! The yenng frilles-in-pleyurs are now showen drawen, if bud one, or, if in florileague, drawens up at the rare sight of their commoner guardia.

common or garden - ordinary + comoner - one of the common people (not of noble rank).

boy friend + fiend - a demon, devil; a person of superhuman wickedness.

pluriel (fr) - plural

troubadour + FDV: Her boy fiend, or theirs, if they are so prurielled, cometh up as a trapadour sinking how he must fend for himself by gazework what their colours wear as they are all showen drawens up.

fand - to try, test (a person or thing), to seek, look for + fanden (Danish) - the devil + for fanden (Danish) - literally 'for the devil', equivalent to 'dammit'.

tire ton cache ton (notebook 1931) Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires 139: Le Joli Bas de Laine (song): 'L'autre jour, dedans la plaine, Tir' ton joli bas de laine, J' rencontrai trois capitaines, Tir' ton, cach' ton, tir' ton bas, Tir' ton joli bas de laine, Car on le verra' (The Pretty Woolen Stocking: 'The other day in the plain, Pull up your pretty woolen stockings, I met three captains, Pull up your, hide your, pull up your stockings, Pull up your pretty woolen stockings, For they'll be seen').

quantiquanti (l) - how great + bella (l) - wars; pretty (fem. sing.) + quanta bella (l) - such great wars; how very nice.

pretty + (notebook 1931): 'o di quante belle figlie madamore'  Madama Dorè (Italian nursery rhyme): 'O quante belle figlie, Madama Dorè!... Che cosa ne vuol fare, Madama Dorè?' (Madama Dorè: 'Oh how many beautiful daughters, Madama Dorè!... What are you going to do with them, Madama Dorè?').

Morgana le Fay - sorceress in the King Arthur stories

charm - to persuade or induce to, to influence or engage by beuty, sweetness, etc.

Cinderella - a fictional young girl who is saved from her stepmother and stepsisters by her fairy godmother and a handsome prince + (notebook 1931): 'cincinerelli aveva una mula' Italian nursery rhyme: 'Cincirenella l'aveva una mula' ('Cincirenella had a she-mule') + I have already noted the fireplace's role as a conduit to Issy's room upstairs. Inevitably, Issy is envisioned as Cinderella or 'Mades of ashens'. (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

angle - to use artful or wily means to catch a person or thing



groom - bridegroom + gloom

Angst (ger) = angst (Dutch) - fear

line up - the assembling of a number of persons in a line + Joyce's note: 'lineup'.

rapier - a light, sharp-pointed sword designed only for thrusting; a small sword + happier

thother - Coalesced form of the other, frequent from 14th to 17th c. + toth (Irish) - vulva + Thoth - Egyptian god of letters, invented writing.

brandish - to flourish, wave about (a sword) by way of threat or display, or in preparation for action + bander (French Slang) - to have erection.

amain - with full force, vehemently, violently + (notebook 1931): '- - - maman' Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires 141: La Pêche des Moules (French song The Fishing of Mussels; the second line of every verse ends with 'maman') + maman (fr) - mamma, mummy.

release - to set or make free, to liberate, deliver, of (now somewhat rare) or from pain, bondage, obligation, etc. 

teanga (t'one) (gael) - tongue, language + song of his heart.

heart + FDV: He will angskt of them from their commoner guardian, who is really the rapier of the two espacially for he bandished it with his hand the hold time, a simply gratious: Hast thou feel liked carbunckley ones?

hast - 2nd pers. sing. pres. ind. of have + Hast du vielleicht (ger) - have you perhaps.

carbuncly - Of or resembling a carbuncle; bearing carbuncles + carbuncle - a name variously applied to precious stones of a red or fiery colour; the carbuncles of the ancients (of which Pliny describes twelve varieties) were probably sapphires, spinels or rubies, and garnets; a red spot or pimple on the nose or face caused by habits of intemperance + {‘Are you wearing red ones?’ asked Glugg.}

precocity - early maturity, premature development + praecox (l) - precocious

titter - the act of tittering; a stifled laugh, a giggle + tête-à-tête (fr) - private conversation.

hilarity - cheerfulness

wordchary (notebook 1930) + chary - careful, cautious, circumspect, wary.

ringsounding (notebook 1930) + ring - a ringing sound or noise.

tout ensemble - Mus. The united performance of all voices or all instruments in a piece of concerted music, or of a chorus and orchestra; also, the manner in which this is done + toutes ensembles (fr) - all together (feminine plural).

frig (Slang) - masturbate + FDV: Apun which theirs is a little tittertit of hilarity and he is atvoiced by their toots enssembled to go to troy and harif a freak at himself by all that's tory to the ulstramarines.

ultramarine - situated beyond the sea (now rare); ultramarine blue + phrase: tell it to the marines (The first marines in an English-speaking country were The Duke of York and Albany's Maritime Regiment of Foot, formed in 1664, in the reign of Charles II. The Duke of York's men were soldiers who had been enlisted and trained to serve on-board ships. The recruits were considered green and not on a par with hardened sailors, hence the implication that marines were naive enough to believe ridiculous tales, but that sailors weren't. Most of the early citations give a fuller version of the phrase - "You may tell that to the marines, but the sailors will not believe it").

hold one's nose - to compress the nostrils between the fingers in order to avoid perceiving a (bad) smell. Also fig.

ni (l) - not, that not; if not + ni (Irish) - not + ni (Chinese) - to urinate.

esteem - favourable opinion, regard, respect + Joyce's note: 'piss up your leg & play with with the steam' Children's chant: "piss up your leg and play with the steam."

warewolf = werwolf - a person who (according to mediæval superstition) was transformed or was capable of transforming himself at times into a wolf.

taboo - prohibition or interdiction generally of the use or practice of anything, or of social intercourse + abú! (Irish) - to victory! (slogan).

Tophet - place of burning dead bodies, southeast of Jerusalem + toffee tuck.

ruck - a crowd especially of ordinary or undistinguished persons or things

raid - a rush, charge, a sudden short attack

slick - Of skin, hair, etc.: Smooth, glossy, sleek; deft, quick, skilful in action or execution. 

anker - a measure of wine and spirits; anchor + anchor - fig. refl. and intr. To fix oneself, take up a position + Anker (ger) = anker (Dutch) - anchor.

hunkers - hams + on one's hunkers - in a squatting position.

pressed + (belly ache) + Soldier, Soldier, won't you marry me (song): 'very very best' + FDV: So off for his topheetuck the rogue made raid, aslick aslegs could would run, and he ankered on his hunker with the belly belly prest.

muffin - a light, flat, circular, spongy cake, eaten toasted and buttered at breakfast or tea

to wit - introducing (or more rarely following) an explanation of the preceding word, phrase, or statement (or a modifying correction of it) + weat = wait; wet.

bread + Douglas: London Street Games 49: 'What's for tea, love, -- Farewell. Bread and butter, water-cress' ('circle' game: Lady on the mountain).

butter + FDV: Asking: Where's What's my muffinstufflnaches for thease times? To weat: Breath and bother and whatarcurs. Then breath less more bother and more whatarcurss.   

watercress - the hardy perennial, Nasturtium officinale, found in abundance near springs and in small running streams, and now widely cultivated for use as a salad. 

worms + Wurm (ger) - worm + Wurra-Wurra ('Great Worm') - an idol destroyed by Saint Patrick.

Shim (Irish Pronunciation) - Shem + FDV: Then no breath no bother but worrworrums. And Shim shallave shome.

shome - some kind of adornment for horses + shome (Irish Pronunciation) - some + home

rigagnolina - Ital.: "little brook" + FDV: So As Finmicina Rigagnolina to Montagnone, what she means meaned he did could not know can.

montagnone (it) - big mountain (masculine)

golden syrup - syrup of a bright golden-yellow colour, drained off in the process of obtaining refined crystallized sugar [(notebook 1930): 'goltin sylvup' (an uncrayoned 'r' is situated above the letters 'vu')].

ploung jamm (notebook 1930) Children's game: Lady of the mountain ('There stands a lady on the mountain, Who she is I do not know; All she wants is gold and silver, All she wants is a nice young man.') + plum jam.

to drive mad, distracted, crazy - i.e. into the state of madness, etc.

gawk - to stare or gape stupidly + FDV: All she meaned was multimoney golten sylvup, all she meaned was a nyums nyum nyam some knight's ploung jamn. If he'd lonely talk instead of only gawk and if he wooed not woory so!

as thought Yatend hand stuck over stick in his spoke (notebook 1931)


Hee middles (Joyce's note) Douglas: London Street Games 3: 'Catch... Two boys stand at each side of the road and one in the middle, that's Hee. One of them tries to get the ball over middles head for the other to get it but if middle gets it the other goes Hee'.

doxy - Originally the term in Vagabonds' Cant for the unmarried mistress of a beggar or rogue: a beggar's trull or wench: hence, slang, a mistress, paramour, prostitute.

moonbeam - a ray of moonlight + brimstone - Formerly the common vernacular name for sulphur + FDV: — Have you monbreamstone / No. /

hell fire - the fire of hell + Feuer (ger) - fire + Stein (ger) - stone + Feuerstein (ger) - flint (literally 'fire-stone') + firestone - head-resistant red sandstone + (ruby) + FDV: — Or hellfeuersteyn? / No. /

Van Diemen's Land - early name for Tasmania + FDV: — Or Van Diemen's coral pearl? / No. / He has lost.

Douglas: London Street Games 49: 'Go to church, love' ('circle' game: Lady on the mountain) + ‘Off to jail Glugg!’ + FDV: Off to clutch, Glugg! Farwheel! Forewhal!

shake one's ears - (? as a dog when wet); also, ? to make the best of a bad bargain; also, to show contempt or displeasure + FDV: Shape your reres, Glugg! Forweal!

ring around - a circular or spiral orbit or course + FDV: Ring we round, Chuff! Fairwell!

inner - one who 'ins', takes in, or reclaims land + Browning: Pippa Passes: 'God's in His heaven, All's right with the world' + FDV: Chuffchuff's in a inner seven: all's rice with their whirl!

mater - mother (schoolboy's slang) + mate - to match; to marry, to join in marriage + FDV: Yet, ah tears, who can her mater be?

eye - to perceive with the eyes (obs.) + FDV: She'd promised he'd eye her.

try up - Joinery: To test the straightness of (a planed surface) or the correspondence of (adjoining surfaces) + O Dear, What Can the Matter Be? (song): 'He promised to buy me a bunch of blue ribbons To tie up my pretty brown hair... Johnny's so long at the fair'.

pretti (it) - pure, real, genuine (masculine plural) + FDV: To try up her pretti. But now he's it's so longer longed and so fared and so forth.

Jerry - a German

jaunting = jaunting car + for nothing - in vain, to no purpose.

alibi (l) - elsewhere, somewhere else + allebei (Dutch) - both + Goodbye!

flossy - resembling floss or floss-silk; fancy, showy + floss - silk in fine filaments; In Orkney and Shetland: a collective term for reeds, rushes, etc. + (notebook 1931): 'flossies in her hat' flos (l) - flower.

mossy - marshy, boggy; resembling moss

droop - to hang or sink down, as from weariness or exhaustion; to bend, or incline downward

draped - covered in folds of cloth + {The flower on her hatbrim drooped. The bow knots wilted.}

bowknot - a double-looped ornamental knot into which ribbons, etc., are tied; a necktie, ribbon, etc., tied up in such a knot

shallot, shalot - a small onion, Allium Ascalonicum, native in Syria and cultivated for use as a flavouring ingredient for salads, sauces, etc. 

wilt - Of plants or their parts: To become limp or flaccid, through heat or drought; to deprive of stiffness, energy, vigour, or spirit.

blot - a spot or stain, as of ink on paper

CAROLINA, NORTH AND SOUTH - South US states. Song, "Dinah": "Dinah / Is there anyone finer / In the state of Carolina?! If there is and you know her / Show her to me..."   

dinah - a man's sweetheart or favourite woman

vaunt - to boast of (something), to commend or praise in a vainglorious manner

Isa Bowman - child-friend of Lewis Carroll and author of 'The Story of Lewis Carroll' + (notebook 1931): 'Isa Izod' + Children’s game: ('circle' game) 'Poor Mary sits a-weeping' + FDV: Poor Isad sits a glooming, so gleaming in the gloaming.

glooming - depressingly dark + Children's game: Poor Mary sits a-weeping.

gleaming - bright with a steady but subdued shining

gloaming - evening twilight; dusky light + Roaming in the Gloaming (song).

tinsel - a rich material of silk or wool interwoven with gold or silver thread + étincelles (fr) - sparks + tinsel - a thread with glittering metal foil attached; a showy decoration that is basically valueless.

touch - slightly, somewhat, 'a little bit'

tarnished - having lost purity or lustre, faded; also fig. sullied, dishonoured 

loveliness - the quality of being lovely, exquisite beauty + lovely noose + (somewhat tarnished tinsel round her neck).

Hellas (gr) - Greece + Alice (in Wonderland).

whyfor + wofur (ger) - what for.

gleam - a flash of light (especially reflected light)

glooming - that grows or appears dark

peripatetic - of or belonging to the school or system of philosophy founded by Aristotle, or the Aristotelian sect; itinerant.

beau - fair, beautiful + Isa Bowman.

sympathize - to be affected with pity for the suffering or sorrow of another, to feel compassion + symperaioo (gr) - to cross together + (notebook 1931): 'be good enough to tremble' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 31: (letter from Carroll to Isa Bowman) 'Oh, you naughty, naughty, bad wicked little girl! You forgot to put a stamp on your letter, and your poor old uncle had to pay TWOPENCE! His last Twopence! Think of that. I shall punish you severely for this when once I get you here. So tremble! Do you hear? Be good enough to tremble!'

therefor = therefore + Still I love him, Can't deny it (song): 'And if he goes nowhere, I'll go there as well'.                           

if it's to nowhere I'm going too (notebook 1931) Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 12: (letter from Edith Thompson to Bywaters, trial exhibit 50) 'if things are the same again then I am going with you - wherever it is - if its to sea - I am coming too and if it is to nowhere - I'm also coming darlint'.

(as a young man (in 1903) Joyce left Ireland for France)

Saint Clara founded Franciscan nuns (Ulysses.12.1685: 'daughters of Clara')

tansy - an erect herbaceous plant, Tanacetum vulgare, growing about two feet high, with  deeply cut and divided leaves, and terminal corymbs of yellow rayless button-like flowers.

myrtle - a plant of the genus Myrtus, a shrub growing abundantly in Southern Europe, having shiny evergreen leaves and white sweet-scented flowers, and now used chiefly in perfumery.

rue - a perennial evergreen shrub of the genus Ruta, having bitter, strong-scented leaves which were formerly much used for medicinal purposes.

journée (fr) - day + FDV: She is fading out like Journee's clothes so you can't see her now.

Jenny Jones (Children's game): 'You can't see her now'

dyer - one whose occupation is to dye cloth and other materials + FDV: Still we know how Day the Dyer works, in dims and deeps and dusks and darks.

dim - dimness, obscurity, dusk

deep - a deep place; a deep (i.e. secret, mysterious) region of thought, feeling, etc.

dark - darkness esp. that of night

eve = evening

fiance + FDV: And among the shades that Eve's now wearing she'll meet anew fiancy, tryst and trow.

tryst - an appointment or engagement to meet at a specified time and place, randezvous + Tristan.

trow - belief, faith, trust; faith as pledged, covenant

mammy - A child's word for mother

minuscoline (it) - very tiny (feminine plural)

Dee river + 'the'.

dip - to plunge one's hand (or a ladle or the like) into water, etc., or into a vessel, esp. for the purpose of taking something out

dame - a woman of refinement

damsel - a young unmarried lady; originally one of noble or gentle birth, but gradually extended as a respectful appellation to those of lower rank 

dolly - a girl or woman, esp. a young, attractive one; a pet name for a child's doll

dulcitambulo (l) - to walk about sweetly, to go for a sweet walk + dulcis (l) - sweet + dulce (l) - sweetly + ambulo (l) - to go about.

renew - renewal, new invention

truss - to bind or tie up, to adjust and draw close the garments of (a person) + to dress up - to attire elaborately + FDV: For though she's unmerried she'll after truss up and help that hussyband how to hop.

hip - to hop (on one foot) + to hop it - to be off, go away quickly.

trip it - to make a trip or short excursion + FDV: Hip it and romp it and chirrub and sing for Lord Chuffy's now sky sheraph and Glugg's got to swing.

chirp + cherub.

Chief Chuffy (notebook 1930)

seraph - an angel of the first order + high sheriff - the sheriff (in England and Wales, and in some Irish cities) as distinguished from a deputy or subordinate.

so and so - in a certain manner or way; As a mere intensive

two by two - in groups or sets of two

nod - the act of nodding the head + Children’s game: ('line' game) Here We Go Gathering Nuts in May + FDV: So and so, toe by toe, to and fro they go round, for they are the ingelles, scattering nods as girls who may, for they are an angel's garland.

cashmere - the fine soft wool obtained from the Cashmere goat and the wild goat of Tibet

Liberty's - department store, London ('Liberty' used attributively to designate their textiles) + FDV: Catchmire stockings, liberty libertyed garters, shoddyshoes quicked out with selver.

shoddy - having a delusive appearence of superior quality; shabby, cheap, inferior

silver - a silver thread + selve (it) - woods.

pinafore frock - a low necked sleeveless fashion garment worn by women and girls, usu. over a blouse or jumper + FDV: Pennyfeir caps on pinnyfore frocks and a ring on her somefing finger.

noose - to arrange like a noose or loop; to cast or put a noose round + noose (Slang) - to marry; to hang.

nuptia (l) - wedding, nuptials + FDV: And they leap so looply, looply, as they link to light. And they look so loovely, loovelit, all in a nuptious night.

glint - to move quickly esp. obliquely; to peep, take a glance + Children’s game: ('circle' game) Lubin: 'Put your left foot in, Put your right foot out, Shake it a little, a little, a little, and turn youself about'.

glance - to move rapidly, esp. in an oblique or transverse direction; to cast a momentary look + with a sly glance in and a coy glance out + FDV: Whithasly glints in. Andecoy glants out.

ramp - to bound, rush, or range about in a wild or excited manner; romp

in rout - in succession, in order (obs.) + FDV: They ramp it a little, a lessle, a lissle. Then romp rightround in rout.

cadenzato (it) - rhythmical

coloratura - 'divisions, runs, trills, cadenzas, and other florid passages in vocal music'; a singer of coloratura, esp. a coloratura soprano + coloratura (it) - colouring.

rubretta (it) - red (feminine)

arancia (it) - orange (feminine) + FDV: R is Rubretta and A is Arancia, Y is for Yilla and N for Greenerin.

Boy Blue - nursery rhyme character

odalisque - a female slave of a Turkish harem + FDV: B is Boyblue with odalisque O while W waters the fleurettes of novembrance.  

fleurette - an ornament like a small flower + (notebook 1930): 'in fond novembrance' + William Shakespeare: Hamlet IV.5.174: 'rosemary, that's for remembrance' (purple flower, in bloom in November) + fleurettes (fr) - little flowers.

'circle' (Children's game): When I was a young girl ('This way went I') + FDV: Though they're all but merely a schoolgirl yet these way went they.

In the view of the avenue

Avignon (notebook 1931) Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires 50: song Sur le Pont d'Avignon: 'Sur le pont d'Avignon, Tout le monde y danse, danse; Sur le pont d'Avignon, Tout le monde y danse en rond. Les beaux messieurs font comm' ça, Et puis encor' comm' ça' (On the Bridge of Avignon: 'On the bridge of Avignon, Everybody dances, dances; On the bridge of Avignon, Everybody dances round. The pretty misters do like so, And then again like so'; also 'beaux messieurs' is replaced in some versions with 'bell's dames', vocations, etc.)

entrancing - that entrances, transporting

oodles - large or unlimited quantities, abundance

ainm (Irish) - name + (years) + Anna... Livia.

diluvium - an inundation or flood; a deposit of sand, gravel, etc. made by oceanic flooding + before the Luvium = antediluvium (l) - before the flood.

like so (notebook 1931)

endless + Miss Endles of Eons - Mlle D'Eon (1728-1810), who was also the Chevalier D'Eon, a French political adventurer, famous for the mystery of his sex. 

dies irae - 'day of wrath', the first words, and hence the name, of a Latin hymn on the Last Judgement ascribed to Thomas of Celano

The Merry Wives of Windsor

grocer = wholesaler + (the seven girls as women in later life) + FDV: The grocer's wife she slips her hand in the haricot bag,

bawd - a woman who engages in sexual intercourse for money + (notebook 1930): 'bawd = landlady' Jabotinsky: Samson the Nazarite 9: (of biblical times) 'at that time the inns were kept by women of the unattached prostitute class; the words "inn-keeper" and "bawd" were synonymous'.

haricot - a French variety of green bean plant bearing light-colored beans

lady in waiting - a lady who holds the position of attendant to a queen or princess

sup - a small quantity of liquid such as can be taken into the mouth at one time + FDV: the lady in waiting sips her sup from the paraffin can,

paraffin - a colourless (or white), tasteless, inodorous, crystalline, fatty substance, solid at ordinary temperatures

helter skelter - to throw away or off, in disordered haste + helt = 3 sing. pres. and pa. tense and pple. of hield - to take one's way, turn in a particular direction + skelt - to hasten, to be diligent + holds her skirt.

causeway - a raised road across a low or wet place, or piece of water; usually a paved way, such as existed before the introduction of macadamization.


instant + FDV: Mrs the Doctor runs out on the road the moment she hears of a tinkle of thunder, tunder,

tinkle - a sharp light ringing sound, such as that made by a small bell, or by pieces of metal, glass, or the like, struck together, etc.

tunder - a funnel; tinder + thunder

cat's cradle - a children's game in which two players alternately take from each other's fingers an intertwined cord so as always to produce a symmetrical figure + FDV: the widow Magrievy she knits cats' cradles,

bountiful - full of bounty, graciously liberal, generous + FDV: this lovely bountiful actress hides a sixpence under her tongue,

leash - to attach or connect by a leash; to beat or lash with a leash (obs.)

harrier - a kind of hound, resembling the fox-hound, but smaller, used for hunting the hare + (greyhound on Irish sixpence).

confession + FDV: and here's the girl who she went to said in kneeled in coldfashion coldfeshion and told her priest she spat on a chop and this lass not least she's a very rich woman who she writes her foot fortunes big times ever and over in the nursery dust with her capital toe thumb.

rectissime (l) - most righteously, most virtuously + ricchissime (it) - very rich (feminine plural).

many times over = many times

dust (Slang) - money

capital - main, leading, weighty, important, first-class

buzz - Said in the Variorum Shakspere (1803) to have been a common exclamation (of impatience or contempt) when any one was telling a well-known story; Schmidt and others say 'a sound to command silence' + (onomat.) + Joyce's note: 'Buzz (7)' Douglas: London Street Games 25: (of a girls' Children’s game: ) 'Buzz -- 'One player counts one then the next says two and so. Every 5 the player instead says buzz --'.

runaway - escaped or given to escaping

bound - to direct one's course

bopeep - a nursery play with a young child, who is kept in excitement by the nurse or play-mate alternately concealing herself (or her face), and peeping out for a moment at an unexpected place, to withdraw again with equal suddenness + {all girls like runaway sheep bound to go back to Bopeep [Izod], leaving their teenage years behind them}

teen (Dutch) - toe; osier-twig + 'Little Bo Peep She lost her sheep... dragging their tails behind them' (nursery rhyme).

'circle' (Children’s game): When I was a young girl: 'This way went I'

acrostic: WOBNIAR + FDV: And these ways wend they. And those ways wend they. Winnie, Olive and Beatrice, Nelly and Ida, Amy and Rue.

gay - full of or disposed to joy and mirth

pack - a company or set of persons; generally implying low character, or association for some evil purpose, but often merely expressing contempt or depreciation, and formerly sometimes without such implication.

floral - a dancer at the Floralia, a Roman festival in honour of the goddess Flora (obs.)

foncé (fr) - darkened

pansy - the common name of Viola tricolor, esp. of the cultivated varieties (violet)

papavere (l) = papavero (it) - poppy (red)

forget me not - a plant which flourishes in damp or wet soil, having bright blue flowers with a yellow eye

leaf (green) + While there's life there's hope (proverb).

prime time - spring time, spring (obs.) + primrose (yellow).

rose + rosemary - a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. It is native to the Mediterranean region. Used in cooking and perfumes. Color of the flowers is white, pink, purple, or blue.

ancelle = ancille - a maid-servant (obs.) + ancelle (fr. slang) - whore + angels' + FDV: Here they come back, all the gay pack, for they are the florals, from foncey and pansey to papavere's blush, forsake-me-nought, while there's leaf there's hope, with primtim's ruse and marrymay's blossom, all the flowers of the ancelles' garden.

vice versa - 'the other way around', contrariwise + (notebook 1931): 'reversi' → Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 42: (from a diary of Isa Bowman's visit to Oxford, written by Carroll) 'In the evening they played at "Reversi"' (a game in which captured units are turned upside down to show the captor's colour).

thereout - outside of that place, out of that

palm - A 'branch' or leaf of the palm-tree, esp. as anciently carried or worn as a symbol of victory or triumph.

arbour - a shady sitting place, usually in a park or garden, and usually surrounded by climbing shrubs or vines and other vegetation + (notebook 1931): 'anger chamber'.

THREE ROCK MOUNTAIN - 9 miles South of Dublin, West of Dundrum-Enniskerry Road + Monaten (ger) - months.

scarcely - 'barely', 'only just'

scout - the action of spying out or watching in order to gain information + scope - the sphere or area over which any activity operates or is effective + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal II: 'the scout of ocean came, Moran the son of Fithil'.

virid - green, verdant

woad - the plant Isatis tinctoria, formerly extensively cultivated for the blue colouring matter furnished by it [(notebook 1930): 'woad'] + woede (Dutch) - fury.

tornament - torment + toorn (Dutch) - anger.

complementary - forming a complement, completing, perfecting

Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods

Punch - the name of the principal character, a grotesque hump-backed figure, in the puppet-show called Punch and Judy + poll (Slang) - head + The Devil's Punchbowl, chasm near Killarney. 

tummy - the stomach or intestine + Tam O'Shanter - a Scottish bonnet worn by men which was named after the character Tam o' Shanter in the poem of that name by Robert Burns. The bonnet is made of wool with a toorie (pompon) in the centre, and the crown is about twice the diameter of the head.

shentre (Irish Pronunciation) - centre + tummy's centre (navel).

outward - external, bodily + 'The outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace' (definition of a sacrament; there are seven sacraments in the Church: Baptism, Confirmation or Chrismation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony [.29-.36]).

signs + FDV: But vicereversing what tornaments of rages racked the divlun's punchpoll as he displaid all the oath word science of his visible disgrace.

floored - brought to the ground, overpowered, done for + (HCE was floored by his lack of the riddle’s answer) + 'I'm feeling so funny all over the same, all through a
girl + I don't know her name
' (notebook 1924).

cue - Theatr. The concluding word or words of a speech in a play, serving as a signal or direction to another actor to enter, or begin his speech.

goodness gracious! - exclamatory phrase + 'goosey' (notebook 1924) [fowl motif]

I, he, etc. would fain - gladly, willingly, with pleasure

smiled me a smile (notebook 1924)

fondle - to behave, play, or speak fondly

praise - commendation of the worth or excellence of a person or thing, eulogy, laudation + fondly appreciate.

bit of fluff - a young woman + 'nice bit of fluff' (notebook 1924)

uncouth - awkward and uncultured in appearence or manners + 'geste revele l'inconnu' (notebook 1924) geste revèle l'inconnu (fr) - gesture reveals the unknown.

odds - 'chances' or balance of probability in favour of something happening or being the case


start from scratch - start from the beggining and without any advantages or help

dove - occasional pa. tense of dive + Baptism is the first and basic sacrament of Christian initiation. In the Western or Latin Rite of the Church, baptism is usually conferred today by pouring water three times on the recipient's head, while reciting the baptismal formula: "I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" (cf. Matthew 28:19). In the Eastern Catholic Churches immersion or submersion is used, and the formula is: "The servant of God, N., is baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit." The sacrament frees from original sin and all personal sins, and from the punishment due to them.

Red Murray - John Murray (Joyce's uncle)

(notebook 1930): 'Stuart royal - dress' (dash dittoes 'Stuart'; only first two words crayoned)

puck - to hit or strike, to butt; a stroke + Confirmation or Chrismation is the second sacrament of Christian initiation. "It is called Chrismation (in the Eastern Churches: anointing with holy myron or chrism) because the essential rite of the sacrament is anointing with chrism. It is called Confirmation because it confirms and strengthens baptismal grace." It is conferred by "the anointing with Sacred Chrism (oil mixed with balsam and consecrated by the bishop), which is done by the laying on of the hand of the minister who pronounces the sacramental words proper to the rite." These words, in both their Western and Eastern variants, refer to a gift of the Holy Spirit that marks the recipient as with a seal. Through the sacrament the grace given in baptism is "strengthened and deepened." Like baptism, confirmation may be received only once, and the recipient must be in a state of grace (meaning free from any known unconfessed mortal sin) in order to receive its effects.

gillie - an attendant on a highland chief + giolla beig (gili beg) (gael) = gillie beg (Anglo-Irish) - little lad/servant + The Eucharist is the sacrament (the third of Christian initiation, the one that, as stated in CCC 1322, "completes Christian initiation") by which Catholics partake of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ and participate in his one sacrifice. The first of these two aspects of the sacrament is also called Holy Communion {hurry-come-union}. The bread (which must be wheaten, and which is unleavened in the Latin, Armenian and Ethiopic Rites, but is leavened in most Eastern Rites) and wine (which must be from grapes) used in the Eucharistic rite are, in Catholic faith, transformed in all but appearance into the Body and Blood of Christ, a change that is called transubstantiation. Only a bishop or priest is enabled to be a minister of the Eucharist, acting in the person of Christ himself. Deacons as well as priests are ordinary ministers of Holy Communion, and lay people may be authorized in limited circumstances to act as extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion. The Eucharist is seen as "the source and summit" of Christian living, the high point of God's sanctifying action on the faithful and of their worship of God, the point of contact between them and the liturgy of heaven. So important is it that participation in the Eucharistic celebration is seen as obligatory on every Sunday and holy day of obligation and is recommended on other days. Also recommended for those who participate in the Mass is reception, with the proper dispositions, of Holy Communion. This is seen as obligatory at least once a year, during Eastertide.

senses + Penance is the first of two sacraments of healing. The Catechism of the Catholic Church mentions in the following orders different names of the sacrament, calling it the sacrament of conversion, Penance, confession, forgiveness and Reconciliation. It is the sacrament of spiritual healing for a baptized person from the distancing from God resulting from sins committed. If a man sins after baptism, he cannot have baptism as a remedy; Baptism, which is a spiritual regeneration, cannot be given a second time. Reconciliation involves four elements: (1) Contrition (the Penitent's sincere remorse for wrongdoing or sin, repentance, without which the rite has no effect); (2) Confession to a Priest with the faculty to hear confessions (Canon 966.1) – while it may be spiritually helpful to confess to another, only a Priest has the power to administer the sacrament; (3) Absolution by the Priest; and, (4) Satisfaction or Penance. "Many sins wrong our neighbour. One must do what is possible in order to repair the harm (e.g., return stolen goods, restore the reputation of someone slandered, pay compensation for injuries). Simple justice requires as much. But sin also injures and weakens the sinner himself, as well as his relationships with God and neighbour. Absolution takes away sin, but it does not remedy all the disorders sin has caused. Raised up from sin, the sinner must still recover his full spiritual health by doing something more to make amends for the sin: he must 'make satisfaction for' or 'expiate' his sins. This satisfaction is also called 'penance'" (CCC 1459). In early Christian centuries, this element of satisfaction was quite onerous and generally preceded absolution, but now it usually involves a simple task for the penitent to perform, to make some reparation and as a medicinal means of strengthening against further temptation. The priest is bound by the "seal of confession", which is inviolable. "Accordingly, it is absolutely wrong for a confessor in any way to betray the penitent, for any reason whatsoever, whether by word or in any other fashion." A confessor who directly violates the sacramental seal incurs an automatic excommunication whose lifting is reserved to the Holy See.

martial - of or pertaining to war or battle

menial - pertaining to household; servile, sordid + sins, mortal and venial.

Shrove Sunday - the Sunday in Shrove-tide (the three days preceding Ash Wednesday, a period of confession, absolution and merrymaking just prior to Lent, especially so on Shrove Tuesday (from Archaic shrove: confessed, made penance)).

Mac an Pharsuin (mokun farsun) (gael) - son of the parson + Macpherson

excrement - to void excrement + excrementum (l) - refuse, excrement + munctum (l) - nose-blown + Anointing of the Sick is the second sacrament of healing. In this sacrament a priest anoints the sick with oil blessed specifically for that purpose. "The anointing of the sick can be administered to any member of the faithful who, having reached the use of reason, begins to be in danger by reason of illness or old age" (canon 1004; cf. CCC 1514). A new illness or a worsening of health enables a person to receive the sacrament a further time. When, in the Western Church, the sacrament was conferred only on those in immediate danger of death, it came to be known as "Extreme Unction", i.e. "Final Anointing", administered as one of the "Last Rites". The other "Last Rites" are Confession (if the dying person is physically unable to confess, at least absolution, conditional on the existence of contrition, is given), and the Eucharist, which when administered to the dying is known as "Viaticum", a word whose original meaning in Latin was "provision for a journey".

frothblower - a beer drinker

macIsaacs (notebook 1930)

belting - beating, thrashing

bout - a round of fighting; a contest, match, trial of strength; continued fit of drinking + Matrimony, or Marriage, like Holy Orders, is a sacrament that consecrates for a particular mission in building up the Church, and that provides grace for accomplishing that mission. This sacrament, seen as a sign of the love uniting Christ and the Church, establishes between the spouses a permanent and exclusive bond, sealed by God. Accordingly, a marriage between baptized people, validly entered into and consummated, cannot be dissolved. The sacrament confers on them the grace they need for attaining holiness in their married life and for responsible acceptance and upbringing of their children. As a condition for validity, the sacrament is celebrated in the presence of the local Ordinary or Parish Priest or of a cleric delegated by them and at least two other witnesses, though in the theological tradition of the Latin Church the ministers of the sacrament are the couple themselves. For a valid marriage, a man and a woman must express their conscious and free consent to a definitive self-giving to the other, excluding none of the essential properties and aims of marriage.


Much Ado About Nothing

aye - ever, always, continually

shameless - lacking shame, impudent, insensible to disgrace

tel = tell; till

Tartarean - of or belonging to the Tartarus of the ancients; hence, pertaining to hell or to purgatory; infernal + tartarin (Provençal) - monkey.

tastarin (Provençal) - somewhat

toothsome - pleasant to the taste, savoury

tourtons (Provençal) - small cakes for children

vestimentivorus (l) - garment-eating, clother-eater

chlamydophagos (gr) - cloak-eater

bretelle - each of the ornamental shoulder-straps extending from the waist-belt in front to the belt behind of a woman's dress + FDV: He dove his head into Wat Murrey, gave Stewart Ryall a puck on the plexus, wrestled a hurrycome-union with the Gille Beg, wiped all his sinses, martial and menial, out of Shrove Sundy MacFearsome, excremuncted himself as freely like (as) any frothblower into MacAlister, had a belting bout, chaste to chaste, with McAdoo abutt nothing and inbraced himself for any time untellable with what hung over from the MacSiccaries of the Breeks.

untellable - unspeakable, indescribable + Holy Orders is the sacrament by which a man is made a bishop, a priest, or a deacon, and thus dedicated to be an image of Christ. A bishop is the minister of this sacrament. Ordination as a bishop confers the fullness of the sacrament, making the bishop a member of the body of successors of the Apostles, and giving him the mission to teach, sanctify, and govern, along with the care of all the Churches. Ordination as a priest configures the priest to Christ the Head of the Church and the one essential High Priest, and conferring on him the power, as the bishops' assistant, to celebrate the sacraments and other liturgical acts, especially the Eucharist. Ordination as a deacon configures the deacon to Christ the Servant of All, placing him at the service of the bishop, especially in the Church's exercising of Christian charity towards the poor and preaching of the word of God.

machomai (gr) - to fight, to fight against + Mac Dhonnchaidh (mokonekhi) (gael) - son of Donnchadh ("brown-warrior").

Mac Siocaire (mok shikeri) (gael) - son of Siocaire ("dwarf") + sicari (it) - cutthroats + mak siccar (Archaic) - make sure + McGillycuddy's Reeks, County Kerry.

home (Joyce's note)

mungy - dark, gloomy (obs.); moist, damp

Everallin - gael. Iubhar aluinn (yuver-alin), "Beautiful yew tree": in Macpherson's Fingal, she was the mother of Oscar and wife of Ossian.  

maggoty - full of maggots; full of whims and foolish fancies, freakish

mag - chatter, talk; halfpenny; playful shortening of the female name Margaret

'illumination metalwork crosses buildings' (notebook 1923) + Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 105: 'Christian Art in Ireland attained its highest excellence in four branches: the writing and ornamentation of manuscripts, metal-work, stone carving, and building'

coppersmith - an artificer in copper, one who manufactures copper utensils + (notebook 1923): 'coppersmith bishop' Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 106: 'The title of scribe is frequently used... to enhance the dignity of a bishop... St. Patrick's... it is stated in the Trepartite Life that the holy Bishop Assicus was his coppersmith'.

split - to depart, to take one's leave; Used hyperbolically to denote the effect of excessive laughter, pain, or repletion; to turn evidence or informer, to betray confidence + FDV: Allwhile he swure. He would split.

squeal - a shrill scream; an act of informing against another (U.S. Slang)

tricher (fr) - to cheat + 'Tripartite Life of Saint Patrick' - a medieval manuscript describing Saint Patrick's life.

seek hallows - to visit the shrines or relics of saints + Sieg heil (ger) - (Nazi cheer).

Yank - Yankee + Young Irelanders - 19th century patriots' party.

islander - a native or inhabitant of an island

petriotes (gr) - rock-dweller + patriot's absolution.

absolution - an absolving, discharging, or formal setting free (from guilt, sentence, or obligation)

Genick (ger) - neck + zhenikh (Russian) - bridegroom.

skiff - a small sea going boat, adapted for rowing and sailing + to take off - to go away, take one's departure, be off.


Deo-greine (d'ogrene) (gael) - Spark of the sun; Macpherson explains fem. personal name Dagrena in Fingal: "Deogrena signifies a sunbeam".

overwade - to wade across + over wide + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora VIII: 'Erin rolls to war, wide tumbling, rough, and dark'.

tumbler - a drinking cup, originally having a rounded or pointed bottom, so that it could not be set down until emptied; often of silver or gold; now, a tapering cylindrical, or barrel-shaped, glass cup without a handle or foot, having a heavy flat bottom. 

rainbow + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal V: 'the bow of the shower' (i.e. rainbow).

bower - a framework that supports climbing plants; a shaded, leafy recess; a woman's private chamber in a medieval castle; a picturesque country cottage, especially one that is used as a retreat

three sheets in the wind - very drunk

pagoda - a temple or sacred building (in India, China, and adjacent countries); fig. a temple + pogoda (Russian) - weather.

crucilevante (l) - cross-raisingly

Gaius Marcius Coriolanus (early 5th c. B.C.) - Roman patrician, surnamed for destroying Koriola, Volscian town; a 1608 tragedy by William Shakespeare, based on his life. 

Loyola, St Ignatius (1491-1556) - founder of the Society of Jesus

secular - rel. to the world; rel. to the secular clergy; a Jesuit lay brother + from plurals to singular.

human + cumann (Irish) - society, club, local branch of national political party.

neuter - Of gender: Neither masculine nor feminine; taking neither one side nor the other + from common to neuter.

byebye - good bye

Brassolls - girl whose brother Cairbar kills her lover in Macpherson's Fingal. She then kills herself. Machpherson explains fem. personal name Brassolis in Fingal as signifying "a woman with a white breast" + Bragha-solais (brasulish) (gael) - Throat of light.


au revoir - lit. 'to the seeing again' + Good-bye, Dolly Gray (song).

conundrum - a riddle in the form of a question the answer to which involves a pun or play on words; any puzzling question or problem + Conan - a member of the Fianna, Finn's army + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'the streams of Cona answer to the voice of Ossian'.

LODA - The mossy "stone of power" in Scand folklore; also a cirde of stones used probably as a place of worship; associated with Odin James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Carric-Thura: 'the circle of Loda' (glossed in a footnote: 'supposed to be a place of worship among the Scandinavians, as the spirit of Loda is thought to be the same with their god Odin').

Schluss (ger) - finish, the end

Gelchossa ("white legged") - minor female in Fingal James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal V: 'I see not Gelchossa, my love' + Lochaber No More (song) + girl chaser. 

missionary - a person who goes on a religious mission; esp. one sent to propagate the faith among the heathen + Mishna (Hebrew) - part of Talmud.

ministry - the functions, or any specific function, pertaining to a minister of religion; the action, or an act, of ministering in holy things + monastery.

Sem - an Egyptian officiating priest + Sem (fr) - Shem + sons of Erin.

ARAM - Hebrew name for ancient Syria, the area extending from the Lebanon Mountains to beyond the Euphrates River + Aram, son of Shem.

simkha (Hebrew) - joy + siomach (Irish) - kind of trout.

mum - an inarticulate sound made with closed lips, esp. as an indication of inability or unwillingness to speak + James Joyce: A Portrait V: 'silence, exile and cunning'.

for his

maxim - a rule or principle of conduct

ban - anathemization, curse; denuciation, prohibition + bean (ban) (gael) - woman, wife.

Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge (Lewis Carroll)

Dora - Defense of the Realm Act, a censoring device + Dora (gr) - gifts + Doire (dire) (gael) - thicket on a steep incline; Macpherson glosses Dora, name of a hill in Temora, as "the woody side of a mountain" James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'Dora' (glossed in a footnote: 'the woody side of a mountain; it is here a hill in the neighbourhood of Temora').

agelong - lasting for an age + m, b, d, h and vowels = mebhadeah (Hebrew) - joyous (i.e. Joyce) + (notebook 1931): 'mum's for's motto maxim, bann for's book & Dodgesome Dora for hedgehog scheolmasthres.'

schoolmistress - a woman who teaches in a school; (in early use) a female teacher, governess + sheol (Hebrew) - abode of the dead.

Silanse, Unkel - villain in Le Fanu's Uncle Silas 

coach - to read or study with a 'coach'; to prepare (a candidate) for an examination, to instruct in special subjects

diligence - constant and earnest effort to accomplish what is undertaken

whole hog - thorough-going, out-and-out + to go the whole hog - to go all the way, to do the thing thoroughly.

carberry - to defeat, get the better of (f. Carberry Hill where Queen Mary was finally routed) + Cairbar - several persons in James Macpherson's "The Poems of Ossian": brother of Brassolis, father of Degrena, brother of Cathmor James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal I: 'Cairbar' (glossed in a footnote: 'signifies a strong man').

banishment - the action of authoritatively expelling from the country; a state of exile + corporal punishment.

pencylmania (notebook 1930) + Pennsylvania, United States & mania for writing.


Gloria Vanderbilt - American heiress (in 1925 when she was one year old) to part of the Vanderbuilt fortune held in a trust fund (control of the fund was in dispute between her mother and her aunt, culminating in a famous custody trial in 1933)


trust - a body of producers or traders in some class of business, organized to reduce or defeat competition, lessen expenses, and control production and distribution for their common advantage.

incorporated - constituted as a legal or formal corporation

emprunté (fr) - borrowed + pronto (Spanish) - without delay, quickly.

meteoromancy - divination by the observation of meteors [(notebook 1931): 'meteoromancy Waite: The Occult Sciences 123: 'Æromancy. This is the art which, sometimes under an alternative appellation, Meteoromancy, is concerned with the prediction of things to come by the observation of atmospheric variations and the different phenomena of the air, particularly those of thunder, lightning, and fiery meteors'].


heiss (ger) - hot + roh (ger) - raw, crude + hydrogen.

Lorrequer, Harry - title, hero of Lever's novel, leaves Ireland for Paris. 

Paname (fr. slang) - Paris + Ulysses.18.1610: 'Trieste-Zurich-Paris 1914-1921'.

Originally a Celtic settlement, Zurich became the Roman town Turicum + turris (l) - tower. 

regain - to get back to, succeed in reaching (a place) again

absentee - one who is absent, or away, on any occasion

tarry - resembling tar; having the consistency, colour, or flavour of tar + James Joyce lived in Trieste from 1905 to 1915 and again in 1919-20, working as an English teacher at the Berlitz School. Trieste was once nicknamed 'la citta immediata' (Italian: the immediate city). 

alley - a narrow street with walls on both sides, or generally bordered with trees or bushes; a back-lane running parallel with a main street (U.S.) + aller et retour (fr) - travel to and back; return ticket.

detour - a turning or deviation from the direct road, a roundabout or circuitous way

Fahrkarte (ger) - ticket (for travel)

getrennt (ger) - separated + trente (French) - thirty + twenty.

Rody the Rover on the Ribbonman - novel by William Carlton, 1845. Rody is a provoking agent of the English government + røde (Danish) - red. 

on the safe side - with a margin of security against error

Libera - female counterpart of Liber, associated with Ceres + libera nos (l) - free us.

nostalgia - a form of melancholia caused by prolonged absence from one's home or country; severe home-sickness

Beate Laurentie (l) - Blessed Laurence + Laurence O’Toole, who died in exile and wandering saint’s nostalgia, literally meaning “homesickness”.

ora pro nobis (l) - pray for us + beate Laurentie O'Tulie ora pro nobis (l) - blessed Laurence O'Toole pray for us + Europa (l) - Europe (where Laurence O'Toole died).

cashel - strong fence or ring wall enclosing a group of churches + CASHEL - Town, County Tipperary; form capital of the king-bishops of Munster. The cathedral-fortress (now ruins), on the "Rock of Cashel," was burned in 1495 by Fitzgerald Mor (the Great Earl of Kildare) (ef U 228/231); also by the renegade Murrough O'Brien in 1647. Caisel, Ir. "castle" + Joyce's note: 'cashels' Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 115: 'The Christian missionaries... built their small oratories and bee-hive huts within the boundaries of the stone fort or cashel'. 

ligger - a line with a float and bait which is left in the water, used chiefly in pike-fishing in the Norfolk Broads + ligge (Danish) - lie (down).

liogo (Provençal) - place + luogotenente (Italian) = liòtenènt (Provençal) - lieutenant.

inclined - having a direction leaning or falling away from the vertical or horizontal, sloping, slanting; favourably disposed, in the mood or mind for something + (Joyce's note): 'undressed masonry: inclined jambs'.

jamb - a leg; each of the side posts of a doorway + (notebook 1923): 'inclined jambs' Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 117: 'The Irish Romanesque therefore exhibits native traditions handed down from earlier native buildings, pagan and Christian, and is characterised by... the retention of the inclined jambs of the primitive doorways'.

purview - range of vision, physical or mental; range of experience or thought

pronaos - the space in front of the naos, cell, or body of a temple, enclosed by the portico and the projecting side walls

deretano (it) - behind, bottom, buttocks

reredos - an ornamental facing or screen of stone or wood covering the wall at the back of an altar, frequently of ornate design, with niches, statues, and other decorations

fuit finis terrae (l) - it was the end of the land + finster (ger) - dark + fenestra (l) = Fenster (ger) - window + Finisterre, Spain.

skyscraper + fire escape (Parnell [388.03])

weighting - something used as a weight to press down, steady, or balance + The Man on the Flying Trapeze (song): 'with the greatest of ease... her dear home' + weighing anchor.

raging - that rages; also as a mere intensifier + On the Raging Canal (song).

Jordan - The name of a river in Palestine, the crossing of which is used (after Num. 33:51) to symbolize death + jorden (Norwegian) - the earth + 'On the Other Side of Jordan' (American revival hymn) + ivri (Hebrew) - a Hebrew (literally 'from the other side' (of the Jordan river)).

Havvah (Hebrew) - Eve

waterboy - a boy employed at the riverside; chiefly U.S., a boy or man who carries or takes round drinking water + Waterboy (song).

lesson - Eccl. A portion of Scripture or other sacred writing read at divine service + himself.

Cnocan an Gabha (knukan nugou) (gael) - The Smith's Hillock; anglic. Knocknagow

chow - A Chinaman

collegian - one who is receiving, or has received, a college education, a student + collegio (Amaro - Italian underworld slang & craftsmen's cant) - prison (literally 'college').

fire off - to propel or discharge (a missile) as from a gun. Also fig. + (notebook 1930): 'firing off ein epistol to the hebruws.'

John Mitchel's Jail Journal is one of Irish nationalism's most famous texts + SHEOL - Hebrew "Hell," the afterworld + giornale (it) - newspaper. 

Talmud - the body of Jewish civil and ceremonial traditionary law + Sebastian Melmoth - name assumed by Wilde in Paris after his imprisonment, after hero of Charles Robert Maturin's Melmoth the Wanderer + melammed (Hebrew) - teacher in Hebrew school.

first + farced (Archaic) - stuffed.

epistle - Eccl. the Epistle: The extract from one of the apostolical Epistles read as part of the Communion Service.

Hebrews + The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Hebrews (Hebrews).

Cornelius (l) - "Horned (?)": a Roman centurion converted by Peter (Acts 10:1-31) + chernila (Russian) - ink + (several of Paul's epistles open: 'Paul... to the church of'...)

sometime + slon (Russian) - bishop (in chess); elephant.

prepositus - the head, chief, president, or provost, in various institutions clerical and civil + praepositus (l) - commander.

tu Maria (l) - thou Mary + tomaria (gr) - tracts, booklets + Teamhar (t'our) (gael) - Prospective-hill, ancient royal capital; anglic. Tara + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora + touman (Russian) - fog + Samaria (Acts 8:1-14, 9:31).

church in Antioch (Acts 11:19-27)

Antioch - capital of Seleucid Syria, named by Seleucus, one of Alexander's generals, after his own father + an teach (un t'okh) (gael) - the house.

salvo - to salute (a vessel, etc.) by firing of salvo or volley or guns + salve (l) - hail! (e.g. a greeting in a letter).

ledig (ger) - unmarried + ledig (Danish) - idle, unoccupied.

gentlemen + jointure - a joining.

tordenskrald (Danish) - thunderclap + tordenshjold (Danish) - thunder shield.

everybody + ebrio (l) - to make drunk.

zusammen (ger) - together + tilsammen (Danish) - together + tinned salmon.

jord (Danish) - earth + yard.

ham and eggs till further orders

primate - Eccl. An archbishop, or formerly sometimes a bishop, holding the first place among the bishops of a province + (wild horses will not stop him).

from + fremad (Danish) - forward.

rear - to build up, create, bring into existence

handy - conveniently accessible or ready for use; of, or done by, the hand (obs.) + Handy Andy (1842) - a stage-Irish novel by Samuel Lover dealing with aspects of Irish life in a light-hearted way. The episodic plot centres on the title-character, a blundering servant.

antic - an ornamental representation, purposely monstrous, caricatured, or incongruous, of objects of the animal or the vegetable kingdom, or of both combined (obs.); a grotesque or ludicrous gesture, posture, or trick; also fig. of behaviour. (Commonly in pl.)

nom de plume (fr) - pseudonym

Finland + Eanach-lann (anokhlon) (gael) - Fen-place + Gott strafe England (ger) - May God punish England.

Saint George

inlander - one who dwells in the interior of a country + merry England.

laugh + loch (lokh) (gael) - lake; anglic. lough.

whisky + Weinschank (ger) - wine-shop.

schwemmen (ger) - to soak + Schwemme (ger) - tavern + shammy - a spurious imitation + {And don’t laugh at his wine tavern! [e.g. FW]}

gigglesome - prone to giggling + Wyndham Lewis compared Joyce's style in Bloom's stream of consciousness with that of Mr Jingle in Pickwick Papers.

scrivenery - the occupation of a scrivener; writing, as of a copyist or clerk

satiety - the state of being glutted or satiated with food + society

S.P.Q.R. - an initialism from a Latin noun phrase, Senatus Populusque Romanus ("The Senate and the People of Rome"), referring to the government of the ancient Roman Republic, and used as an official signature of the government. It appears on coins, at the end of documents made public by inscription in stone or metal, in dedications of monuments and public works, and was emblazoned on the standards of the Roman legions. 

sniggering - that sniggers (to laugh in a half-suppressed, light or covert manner), snickering + FDV: Inform to the old sniggerin sniggering publicking press.

coper - a dealer + Napoleon called the English 'a nation of shopkeepers'.

plighty - full of folds, wrinkled; responsible, guilty + plighted troth & bloody truth.

malady - a morbid or depraved condition (e.g. of mind, morals, social arrangements, etc.); something that calls for a remedy

milady - a continental rendering of 'my lady', used as an appellation in speaking to or of an English noblewoman or great lady

melodi (Welsh) - melody

Malory, Sin Thomas - 15th-century author of Morte d'Arthur + malodi (Provençal) - thanks to.

lalage (gr) - prattle + Bulwer-Lytton: The Lady of Lyons (a play).

Lyonesse - Tristan's home country in Malory's account

knave - rogue, rascal + (notebook 1930): 'her knave arrant'.

arrant - wandering, itinerant, vagrant; esp. in 'knight arrant'

gillian - a girl, wench (fr. - Juliana) + O'Giollagain (o'gilegan) (gael) - descendant of Giollagan (diminutive of giolla, "lad, servant") + Rose Gilligan, fruiterer and florist, Capel Street + Patrick G. Smyth: The Wild Rose of Lough Gill.

croppy - one who has his hair cropped short; applied esp. to the Irish rebels of 1798, who wore their hair cut very short as a sign of sympathy with the French Revolution + Michael Banim: Croppy.

Michael Banim: Crowhore of the Billhook

crystal set (radio)

Calypso ("She that conceals") - nymph with whom Odysseus spent several years, and who bore him a son

Lotus Eaters

Hades ("Unseen")

Eolian Island + nemo (l) - nobody (name Odysseus called himself to the cyclops) + patria (l) - fatherland + Nemo in patria (l) - No one in the fatherland: i.e. Odysseus in the land of Aiolos (god of winds), father of twelve. Aiolos gave Odysseus a bag of winds that took him safely to Ithaca, his own fatherland, but his crew opened the bag and storms swept them away again.


Scylla and Charybdis

Wandering Rocks


Cyclops + Polyphemus - One of Homer's cyclops, one-eyed giant, outwitted by Ulysses or Noman, who got him drunk and blinded him.   


Oxen of the Sun + Mater Misericordiae Hospital, Dublin.

Circe + Walpurgis Nacht (ger) - Walpurgis Night + nackt (ger) - naked.

maleesh - no matter! never mind! (from Arabic maalesh, of the same meaning))

untired - not tired or exhausted + entire

Leinster, Munster, Connacht, Ulster (4 provinces)

strip poker - strip game and a variation of the traditional poker where players remove clothing when they lose a round

hail fellow - an intimate or familiar associate + old fellow.

gaffer - an elderly rustic; an old fellow. Also simply, a fellow.

Sabbatarian - one who observes Saturday as the Sabbath (as in Judaism) [(notebook 1931): 'Sabbatarian' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 312: 'Some Sabbatarian observed to Shearsmith that Swedenborg could not be considered a good Christian because he did not observe the Sabbath'].

faction - a clique that seeks power usually through intrigue

beard splitter (Slang) - man much given to wenching, frequenter of prostitutes


fundus (l) - bottom + megafundus (gr) - big bottom.;;

Tam O'Shanter - Scottish style hat originally worn by men. The hat is named after a character in a poem written by Robert Burns in 1790.

ladyship + 'Letty' - Delaney's name for Laetitia Van Lewen (friend of Swift).

gammer - a rustic title for an old woman, corresponding to gaffer for a man + Kummer (ger) - sorrow.

congealed - frozen; petrified + By the ancients and in the Middle Ages (rock-)crystal was supposed to be congealed water or ice 'petrified' by some long-continued natural process. 

sponsor - one who enters into an engagement, makes a formal promise or pledge, on behalf of another + sponsa (l) - bride + (notebook 1931): 'congenial consorts' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 201: 'if the married life has not been entered upon here, or an unsuitable connection has been formed, congenial consorts will be found hereafter by all whos so desire'.

cess - to cease to perform a legal duty; to give up, surrender + ceased.

malter = a maltster - one whose occupation it is to make malt + making water.

Jameson's whiskey

Duft (ger) - odor, perfume + FDV: How wholephallows, his guffer, he had a greak big oh in the megafundum of his tomashunders and how Her Lettyshape, his gummer, She had never cissied waking malters among the jemasons jemassons since the cluft that meataxe delt her made her microchasm as gap as down low.

Metaxa - In full, Metaxa brandy. A proprietary name for a dark Greek brandy; a drink or glass of this brandy + (joke about small boy who saw his sister in bath, and asked about the obvious differences, to which she replied "Oh, I was hit with an axe there", and he retorted "That's too bad, and right in the cunt too").

microcosm - the 'little world' of human nature + chasma (gr) - gulf, gaping mouth, wide opening + (vulva).

gap - any opening or breach in an otherwise continuous object, a chasm + up

Dun Loich (dun lokh) (gael) - Loch's (masc. personal name) Fort; anglic. [Gap of] Dunloe, mountain pass, Co. Kerry.

kettle of fish - confused or difficult state of affairs + formula to end fairy tale: 'So they put on the kettle and made tea, and if they don't live happy that you and I may'.

fight between *A* & *E* - she bites his behind breakfast as usual (notebook 1930)

Talbot, Lord - heroic in Henry VI, several times a bad Irish viceroy. There is a Talbot Street in Dublin + (notebook 1930): 'tallibont (bridge (end))' The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XXVIII, 'Wales', 259c: (Welsh place-names) 'Talybont, end of the bridge'.

all had muffins for tea 

tiffin - In India and neighbouring eastern countries, A light midday meal; luncheon + (notebook 1930): 'tyffin brook' The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XXVIII, 'Wales', 259c: (Welsh place-names) 'Nantyffin, the boundary brook'.

thea = tea - a light meal in the late afternoon, but locally in the U.K. (esp. northern), and in Australia and N.Z., a cooked evening meal + thea (gr) - goddess.

just set it all right down + Outlook 29 Apr 1922, 338: 'James Joyce's Ulysses' (review of Ulysses by Arnold Bennett): 'He has taken an oath with himself to put it all down and be hanged to it'.

rightfully - justly, fairly, rightly, properly

in black and white - in writing or in print

yielding to no man in my ignorance (notebook 1931) Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 198: (upon having to interview the Archbishop of Dublin on Bimetallism as applied to a forthcoming Presidential election) 'Yielding to no man in my absolute ignorance of the subject, I regarded the duty with fear and trembling'.

realy + Act of Contrition: 'I am heartily sorry' + FDV: He would jused sit it all rite write down just as he would jused to set it up all right seeing how heartsilly, sorey he was owning so to the condrition of his bikestool.

condition + contrition

Beichtstuhl (ger) - confessional

read off - to utter aloud (the words or sentences indicated by the writing, etc., under inspection); to render in speech (anything written, a book, etc.)

flesh skin + Fläschchen (ger) - little flask.

quille (fr. slang) - penis + bone (Slang) - penis.

quire - a set of four sheets of parchment or paper doubled so as to form eight leaves, a common unit in mediæval manuscripts; hence, any collection or gathering of leaves, one within the other, in a manuscript or printed book. Also, twenty-four (formerly sometimes twenty-five) sheets of writing-paper.

editor - the publisher of a book

Caxton - a book printed by William Caxton (died 1492), the first English printer + Castor and Pollux.

pollock - a sea-fish of genus Pollachius, allied to the cod, but having the lower jaw protruding.

miraculous - so extraordinary as to appear supernatural, astonishing

jeremiad - a lamentation; a writing or speech in a strain of grief or distress + FDV: And fillfull ninequires with it for his auditers Caxton and Pollock, a most moraculous jeerynyhead about whose told his innersense

song book - one of the service-books of the Anglo-Saxon church; a book of songs + (notebook 1931): 'sin book' Connelly: The Green Pastures 13: (First Mammy Angel reprimanding a mocking Cherub) 'You wanter be put down in de sin book?'


sceau (fr) - seal + so and so.

Heldin (ger) = heldin (Dutch) - heroine

en bloc (fr) - as a whole

BAYREUTH - Town, Germany. Wagner festivals have been held there since 1876 in the Festspielhaus, designed by Wagner. 

utterly + Otto Wesendonck - a patron of Richard Wagner and the husband of Mathilde Wesendonck, with whom Wagner was infatuated.

admired by her husband (notebook 1923) → Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 14: (Frau Elisa Wille, in her memoirs, of Otto Wesendonck's reaction to Wagner) 'The master of the house... was filled with admiration for the extraordinary man with whom destiny had brought him in contact'.

soul-intimacy (notebook 1923) → Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 19: 'Sublime love found courage to assert itself by the renunciation of complete possession, and to afford itself the joys of a perfect soul intimacy in all the longing and anguish of the flesh'.

sold + who stole his innocence.

grusome = gruesome - inspiring fear, awe, or horror; fearful, horrible + grusomhed (Danish) - cruelty.


spectroscope - an instrument specially designed for the production and examination of spectra

off colour - not up to the mark, defective, deficient, out of order; also, not in good health

ambushed + ambo (l) - both.

the very spit of - the exact image, likeness, or counterpart of (a person, etc.) 

cheek by jowl - side by side; in the closest intimacy

Saint Michael (angel)

besides - in addition, over and above, as well + besoun (Provençal) - need, requirement.

jowly - having large or prominent jowls + jolly + Old Joe.

babby = baby + Beelzebub (devil) + FDV: and how he was ambothed upon by the very spit of himself first on the cheakside by Michelargelo and then on the owld jowly side by Bill C. Babby,

provincial - Eccl. The ecclesiastical head of a province; in pl. auxiliary troops raised in a province; formerly applied to the native Irish + Provençal - dialect of Occitan spoken by a minority of people in southern France, mostly in Provence. In the English-speaking world, "Provençal" is often used to refer to all dialects of Occitan, but it actually refers specifically to the dialect spoken in Provence.

drollo (Provençal) - girl

expel - to drive away from one's country, to banish + egg spilled (i.e. broken).

Humpty Dumpty (i.e. broken)

narodni (Russian) - of people + národní dum (Russian) = národní dum (Czech) - parliament, national house.

domum (l) - home, house + FDV: and the localmotoe why they eggspilled him out of his homety domum

osco! (Provençal) - bravo!

Basco (Provençal) - Basque + Pasko (Basque) - Easter.

pesco (Provençal) - fish

bisco (Provençal) - soup; ill humour

creature comforts - the things that make one comfortable (good food and clothing)

omelette (aux) fines herbes - a savoury omelette flavoured with herbs + erbo (Provençal) - herb.

ark - a chest, box, coffer, close basket, or similar receptacle + arx (l) - citadel + arcus (l) - bow, rainbow; arch.

finis orbis (l) - the end of the earth + finis orbe (l) - a limit by means of a circle + finis - the Latin word for 'end', formerly, and still occasionally, placed at the end of a book, finish, end + orbis (l) - circle.


mustered - gathered together, assembled

never mind - don't let it trouble you, it does not matter

never + neither sink nor swim.


socialism + Caecilius (l) - "Blind": name of a Roman gens.

schorte = shirt; scorn + schor (ger) - sheared + shortest

black out - to suffer a 'black-out' (temporary complete loss of consciousness); suppression of information or news

catholic + catalogue + FDV: and the bes and schortest way of blacking out a caughtalook of all the sorrors of Sexton.

soror (l) - sister + horrors + Marie Corelli: The Sorrows of Satan (Ulysses.9.19). 

sexton - a church officer having the care of the fabric of a church and its contents, and the duties of ringing the bells and digging graves + sex.

accost - to approach for any purpose, to make up to and speak to

comme il faut - 'as it should be', proper(ly); according to etiquette; correct(ly) in deportment or behaviour + coume un fou (Provençal) - like a fool.

teto-dous (Provençal) - soft head + tête-à-tête (French) - private conversation so, teto duos would be private conversation with two women [Issy and mirror image].

wagoner - the driver of a vehicle + Wagner


mudheaded - stupid + Mathilde Wesendonck - Wagner's mistress, who inspired Tristan und Isolde.

wheeze - to breathe hard with a whistling sound from dryness or obstruction in the throat + donk - colloq. abbrev. of donkey

trist - a station assigned; appointed place, rendezvous + tristis (l) - sad, sorrowful + Tristan.

parisos (gr) - evenly balanced + paradeisos (gr) - enclosed park or pleasure garden + paradise + Paris.

tausend (ger) - thousand + tosend (ger) - raging, roaring.

cast one’s bread upon the waters - to take a chance esp. to do good without immediately expecting anything in return.

oiseau (fr) - bird

casa nuova (it) - new house + Giovanni Giacomo Casanova.

WW I song: "Mademoiselle from Armentieres" [(notebook 1930): 'girl from Armentières'] + ARMENTIERES - Town, North France. 

neblo (Provençal) - fog + novi (Provençal) - newlywed.

nivo (Provençal) - cloud + novio (Provençal) - newlywed.

ennovia (Provençal) - to dress like newlywed

occidens (l) - falling, perishing, going down; where the sun sets, the west + Occitanien (fr) - Provençal + templi (l) - of a temple + accidempoli (it) - dash, damn.

sanctuary - a holy place + centuries

produce - Geom. To extend (a line) in length; to continue; hence gen. to lengthen (anything) out.

demi - half + demi-pension (fr) - half-board.

goo - a viscid or sticky substance. Also fig., sickly sentiment, gush + go to sleep.

P.W. Joyce: Ancient Irish Civilisation: 'The Irish musicians had various styles... The 'Sleep-music' (Suantree) was intended to produce sleep'.

payment in music & personal company (notebook 1923) → Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 14: 'Her tactful and fervent pleading enabled Frau Wesendonck to persuade her husband, in his generosity, to purchase a small house, roomy and convenient, just on the border of the estate... Wagner and his wife took up their residence in it... It was understood that the artist should pay the rent in music and his personal company'.

ipse secum (l) - himself with himself + Gipsy.

fing an (ger) - began + fingo (it) - I pretend, I feign, I sham, I simulate.

foil - to frustrate, disappoint (hopes, etc.); to baffle, frustrate the efforts of (a person) + feel

fluter - one who plays on the flute + Phil the Fluter's Ball - Percy French song: Phil was hard up but gave a ball and was gay + Flut (ger) - flood.

G.S. - general service + go to sleep music + Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 11: (of Wagner) 'He jotted down in pencil his musical ideas on loose sheets of paper, and his friend received them while still hot from the swift creation of his thought... They sank into her mind and hid away in her heart... On one we find the initials G.S.M., signifying Gesegnet sei Mathilde (blessed be Mathilde); on another, S.L.F., meaning seiner lieben Freundin (to his dear friend)'.

M... herslF = M[onumentum] F[ecit] (l) - made [this] monument (ascriptive inscription on Roman tombs, etc.) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

backwards + vor- und ruckwarts (ger) - forwards and backwards + Richard (Wagner).

sonorous - Of sounds: Having a loud, deep, or resonant character; Of language, diction, etc.: Having a full, rich sound; strong and harmonious + (notebook 1923): 'Art of sonorous silence sleep RW - music' → Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 35: (Richard Wagner to Mathilde Wesendonck) '"I now return to Tristan. Through it, I will speak to thee in the sublime art of sonorous silence"'.

bring up on the bottle - said of an infant reared by means of a feeding-bottle instead of at its mother's breast + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 28: 'being brung up'

Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 25: 'Music is a good thing; and after all that soul-butter and hogwash I never see it freshen up things so, and sound so honest and bully'.

recourse - act of turning to for assistance + ricorso (Vico) + (notebook 1923): 'he had recourse to poetry' + Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 16: (of Wagner) 'he was profoundly conscious of his obligations as Otto Wesendonck's friend. Caught between so imperious a duty and his ever-increasing love, he had recourse to poetry as his sole means of deliverance'.

coronation - the action of crowning, the ceremony of investing a sovereign; crowning of a work, completion + coronach - a funeral song or lamentation in the Highlands of Scotland and in Ireland.

angels + John Milton: Paradise Lost I.620: 'Tears such as angels weep, burst forth' (Ulysses.9.33) + FDV: With tears such as engines weep.

Liffey river + W.H. Mallock: Is Life Worth Living?

nej (Danish) - no

Toledo - short for Toledo blade or sword: A sword or sword-blade made at Toledo, or of the kind made there + tholedoth (Hebrew) - histories.

trene - a song of lamentation

zokher (Hebrew) - (I/you/he) remember

arty - artillery; a jocular epithet for furniture, decoration, etc., of artistic pretensions; also applied to persons who wish to be regarded as artistic in taste, dress, etc.

reminiscence - the act, process, or fact, of remembering or recollecting

band-stand - a platform or other structure for the use of a band of musicians + grandstand - a stand at a racecourse or stadium consisting of tiers with rows of individual seats that are under a protective roof.

grand carriero (Provençal) - main road + gran carriera (it) - full speed + James Joyce: A Brilliant Career (play written by Joyce at age eighteen).

largesse - liberal or bountiful bestowal of gifts; lavish expenditure; freedom, liberty

leave off - to cease from, discontinue (an action), abandon (a habit) + off - the condition or fact of being of.

sator (l) - author; sower, planter, begetter (epithet of both Jupiter and Janus) + (notebook 1931): 'Sator...'.

susceptrix (notebook 1931) → susceptor, susceptrix (l) - one who undertakes something, such as adopting a child.

nutritious - serving as nourishment; capable of supplying nutriment + (notebook 1931): 'nutritius' → nutritius (l) - foster father, child's guardian + (cultivated).

histrionic - of or belonging to stage-players, or to play-acting; theatrical; dramatic + historic.

genitrix - a female parent, a mother [(notebook 1931): 'genitrix' → genitrix (l) - mother, ancestress] + (originating).

avus (l) - grandfather [(notebook 1931): 'avus']

avia (l) - grandmother [(notebook 1931): 'avia']

the sinful pair (notebook 1931)

descendant - descending or originating from an ancestor

velocipede - a travelling-machine having wheels turned by the pressure of the feet upon pedals; esp. an early form of the bicycle or tricycle + veluti (l) - just as + (notebook 1931): 'veloutypad' → velouté (fr) - velvety.

avuncular - of, belonging to, or resembling, an uncle + (notebook 1931): 'abavunculus' → abavunculus (l) - maternal great-great-uncle (Latin ab: by).

nurus (l) - daughter-in-law

noverca (l) - stepmother [(notebook 1931): 'noverca']

nepotist - a powerful person who shows favoritism to relatives or close friends + nepos (l) - grandson.

circum- - around, about, on all sides + pict - to paint; to depict, represent + circumpictus (l) - painted around.

sobrina (l) - female cousin + sobrinus (l) - male cousin + (notebook 1931): '...Sobrine...'.

census - an official enumeration of the population of a country or district, with various statistics relating to them + sober senses.

patrius (l) - parent + patris (l) - father's + patris (gr) - fatherland + (notebook 1931): '...patrissas' → patrissas (l) - you take after your father, you resemble your father + patriots.

glos - a pretence, false show, specious appearance; also, a disguise. Now rare + glos (l) - sister-in-law + glos (Cornish) - anguish, pang, pain.

germanus (l) - full brother + germana (l) - full sister + germane (l) - faithfully, truly + Germane (ger) - Teuton + (notebook 1931): '...germane glos'. 

socer (l) - father-in-law + socerine (Italian Obsolete) - little mothers-in-law + (notebook 1931): 'socer...'.

transparent - easily seen through, recognized, understood, or detected

vitricus (l) - stepfather [(notebook 1931): '...vitricus'] + (glass).

patruus (l) - paternal uncle + patriots.

Archimedes (287-212 B.C.) (gr) - "Chief-in-Counsel": mathematician, discoverer of several mechanical principles, including that of the lever.

levir (l) - husband's brother, a brother-in-law [(notebook 1931): 'levir...']

oikoumene (gr) - the inhabited world + eke-name - nickname + economic.

CASTLE TIROWEN - The castle of the O'Neills, kings of Tir Eoghain or Owen, which stood on Castle Hill above Dunganmon, County Tyrone, until destroyed without trace after the Battle of Benburb in 1646. "Castle Tirowen" is the air of Thomas Moore's song, "Remember Thee!"  

prosperous - having continued success or good fortune, flourishing + once-prosperous street [trade].

strong + stone broke.

baroque - grotesque or whimsical ornamentation + barque - a small ship + (sculpture).

oil paint - paint made by mixing a pigment with oil

pomme - a potato + pomme (fr) - apple + I'll paint you a pun [poem].

tell me the (title of Finnegans Wake)

hovel - a shed used as a human habitation, a rude or miserable dwelling-place; a stack of corn

havel - a term of reproach applied to a man; the awn of barley

rattle - lively talk or chatter of a trivial kind + rattled (Slang) - very drunk + riddle.

Tingsomingenting/Nixnixundnix (motif)

gin - if, whether + song: 'Gin a body meet a body, Comin' through the rye' (rye is used for the production of whiskey).

paddy - the proprietary name of an Irish whiskey; a drink of this. Also (sometimes with lower-case initial) Irish whiskey generally.

guten Appetit! (ger) - bon appetit!, enjoy your meal!

gussie - a pig, swine; an effeminate man

give it up + gif (Dutch) - poison + tope (Archaic) - to drink copiously and habitually.

ich (ger) - I + it

ish (Irish Pronunciation) - is + ish (Hebrew) - man.

home + shome (Irish Pronunciation) - some + Shem.

tumtum - an imitation of the sound of a stringed instrument or instruments, esp. when monotonously played; strumming; a monotonous air + tum (Danish) - empty + Lewis Carroll: Through the Looking-Glass ch. I: 'Looking-Glass House': 'Jabberwocky': 'the Tumtum tree' + The state of "tm" or Atum before his "hatching" is described as "floating" and "weary". Atum creates and completes the world for his own pleasure and according to his own heart (the image of masturbation). Other images convey the meaning of strong and powerful ejection (as in expectoration or ejaculation). Atum is both male and female and does not need a consort. The "zep tepi" emerges as the dreamed genesis (of the pantheon and its "golden" proportions) of an autarchic, masturbating bi-sexual African deity, who at the moment of ejaculation brings actual creation into being.

whereof - for, by reason of, because of, or on account of which

port - the manner in which one bears oneself, external deportment, carriage, bearing, mien

verdigrisy - of the colour of verdigris (a green or greenish blue substance) + verdant - of a green hue or colour; green with vegetation, characterized by abundance of verdure (plants or trees, or parts of these, in a green and flourishing state).

convict - proved or found guilty, condemned; convinced of sin, converted

daze - a dazed condition + FDV: — My Cod, alas, that dear old dumty home / Whereof in youthfood's port I preyed / Amouk thy verdigrassy convinct vallsall dazes. / And cloitered for amourmeant in thy boosome shede!

cloister - to shut up, enclose, or place in a cloister or monastic house; to shut up in any seclusion or retirement

adorement - the act of adoring, adoration + amour (fr) - love.

shede = sheath + "My cot alas that dear old shady home / Where oft in youthful sport I played / Upon thy verdant grassy fields all day / Or lingered for a moment in thy bosom shade..." [From an early James Joyce's poem on Parnell (written at the age of nine), which (probably) his father, John Joyce, named 'Et Tu, Healy'.]

say a mouthful - to make a striking or important statement; to say something noteworthy

ecstasy - an exalted state of feeling which engrosses the mind to the exclusion of thought

yung (Chinese) - eternal, lasting + shy young thing.

Shina - the Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Shin + Shina (Japanese) - China.

yoru (Japanese) - night + yume (Japanese) - dream.

TIMOR SEA - The arm of the Indian Ocean between Indonesia and Australia + timor (Malay) - east. 

hereupon - immediately following upon this (in time or consequence)

maladventure - a lawless proceeding, an escapade; an unlucky undertaking, a misadventure

pinging - the process of making an abrupt ringing sound or 'ping'; the sound itself

tooth (error root of his wisdom)

Fonar - bard in Macphersom's Temora (Macpherson explains masc. personal name Fonar in Temora as "the man of song") [James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora II: 'First of bards... Fonar'] + funeral.

Festy King + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal III: 'O Fingal, king of shells!'

shelly - a shell; fig. Hollow-sounding, empty + Shelley + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal III: 'He gave the feast of shells' (shells were drinking vessels)..

google = goggle - Of persons: To turn the eyes to one side or other, to look obliquely + goog (Slang) - egg + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: 'by gurgling Moruth'.

Liffey + Richard Lovelace, poet.

regally - in a regal manner

feather - to cover or furnish with feathers + fratrem (l) - a brother.

plumed - furnished with a plume or plumes, feathered + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: 'The eagle wing of his helmet' (glossed in a footnote: 'The kings of Caledonia and Ireland had a plume of eagles' feathers by way of ornament in their helmets'). 

gumboil - an inflammatory swelling or small abscess on the gum (the firm fleshy integument of the jaws and bases of the teeth)

writhy - moving sinuously, writhing + John Boyle O'Reilly - poor journalistic nineteenth-century writer.

wretch - to render miserable + Richard.

Thomas D'Arcy McGee - poor journalistic nineteenth-century writer

plud - a pool, puddle + plus

Kevin Izod O'Doherty - 19th-century Irish patriot poet, sentenced to transportation. His sweetheart (Eva of the Nation), another poet, said, "I'll wait for you, O darling." And she did; Throughout Finnegans Wake the symbols of coffin and prison are identified with each other and with Hell. In I.4 it is never clear whether we are to consider Earwicker as buried, imprisoned, or damned. Significantly, then, the imprisoned O'Doherty's first name is elsewhere modulated to 'coffin'.

Denis Florence MacCarthy - poor journalistic nineteenth-century writer

as though his tooth had been sawn in two (Joyce suffered from his teeth at the time he wrote Finnegans Wake) + FDV: Hereapong shot pinging upthrough the errorooth of his wisdom as thought it had been zawhen intwo.

wholly - completely, entirely, to the full extent + all his anguish flooded.

sanguis (l) - blood + FDV: Wholly anguish 'sanguish blooded up discomvulsing the fixtures of his fizz.  

blooded - stained with blood (obs.)

convulse - to become convulsed; esp. to be affected with convulsion + disclose - to uncover (anything covered up from view).

fixture - anything fixed or securely fastened in position + features

fizz - a hissing sound; an effervescing drink, esp. champagne + phiz - face + Phiz - pen name of Hablot Knight Brown, who illustrated Dickens. 

chewer - one that chews; spec. that habitually chews tobacco + temperature.

chump - a short thick lump of wood chopped or sawn off from timber; Jocosely applied to the head.

Jujube or jube - name of several types of candy, varying in description on a regional basis

Tiberius Catius Silius Italicus (26-101 A.D.) - Roman epic poet. Starved himself to death to end an incurable disease + FDV: Apang which his temporychewer med him a crazy chump of a Haveajube Silly ass Sillsyass.

Joshua - Old Testament leader of the Israelites + (notebook 1930): 'Joshua, son of Nun' Blavatsky: Isis Unveiled II.256: 'Joshua, son of Nun (called Jesus in the Greek and Slavonian versions)'. 

Croesus - the Latin form of the name of a king of Lydia in the sixth century b.c., who was famous for his riches.

son of a gun - a somewhat depreciatory term for 'man, fellow' + Nunn (Hebrew "fish") - father of Joshua. In Egyptian religion 'Nun', the primordial, dark, everlasting, inert limitless ocean is not creative nor created. It has been always there and it will always be there. There is no escaping from it. It permeates every thing, and creation as a whole. The gods themselves have to deal with it. After the First Time, degeneration is thus inevitable, and if left by itself, creation would relapse into high-entropy (disorder of absolute chaos). Every energy or process of nature is doomed to be depleted without the quasi-eternal, limitless power of genesis, the moment between the hatching of Atum and the emergence of the first land.

Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 42: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CLXXV) 'In this chapter the deceased is assured of immortality in the words, "Thou shalt live for millions of millions of years, a life of millions of years"' [(notebook 1930): 'thou shalt live for millions of & millions of yrs, a life of millions of years'] + "How long shall I live?" asks Osiris, and Atum replies : "[Atum] decrees that You are for millions of millions of years, a period of millions of years." (Book of the Dead, chapter 175)

roseac - rose-like, rosy


lustre - luminosity, brilliancy; luminous splendour

puck - to hit or strike; to butt

Pegasus - (Greek mythology) Immortal winged horse that sprang from the blood of the slain Medusa. Tamed by Bellerophon with the help of a bridle given him by Athena. As the flying horse of the Muses it is a symbol of high-flying imagination + puga (l) - the rump, buttocks.

hell's bells! - an expression of anger or annoyance

nothing + FDV: Howlsbawls, like gnawthing unheardh!

by Jove - Colloquially used asseveration + Jove (Jupiter) - Roman god, who was identical with the Zeus, in ancient Greek religion chief deity of the pantheon.

Cronus - king of the Titans, upon learning that one of his children was fated to dethrone him, swallowed his children as soon as they were born. But Rhea, his wife, saved the infant Zeus by substituting a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes for Cronus to swallow and hiding Zeus in a cave on Crete + Chronides (gr) - son of Chronos (time).

summus (l) - highest

bate - to lessen in force or intensity; to mitigate, diminish + bite, bit, bit (bitten) + bate (Irish Pronunciation) - beat.

breastplate - a piece of armour for protecting the breast; also, any plate worn on the breast + (notebook 1923): 'hymn Breastplate of SP' Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 13: 'St. Patrick went to Tara with his companions... As they went along he chanted the beautiful hymn, which has become known as the 'Breastplate of St. Patrick,' in order to protect himself and his followers from the dangers'.

birthplace - the place where a person (or fig. a thing) is born

rehave - to regain, to get again

contrite - crushed or broken in spirit by a sense of sin, and so brought to complete penitence

attrition - Theol. An imperfect sorrow for sin, as if a bruising which does not amount to utter crushing (contrition); horror of sin through fear of punishment, without any loving sense, or taste of God's mercy, while contrition has its motive in the love of God.

mid - Indicating the means or instrument + mid (Old English) - with.

exorcism - the action of exorcizing or expelling an evil spirit by adjuration or the performance of certain rites + esercizio (it) - exercise.

richt - obs. or Sc. form of right

maltho (l) - to cement, to varnish + Mall-thost (moulhust) (gael) - Slow-Silence; Macpherson explains masc. personal name Malthos in Temora as "slow to speak" + Malthos - Irish chieftain in Cairbar's army, enemy of Fingal in James Macpherson's "The Poems of Ossian".

MORA - In Macpherson's poems, one of a chain of hills overlooking Moi-lena, the valley of the Lubar River, and the hill of Lora across the valley. Fingal spends most of his time there watching battles in the valley. In Temora, Malthos is one of Fingal's enemies + mor (mor) (gael) - big, great.

resume - to take back to oneself (something previously given or granted) + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: (Cairbar, after being frightened by the ghost of Cormac, whom he had slain) 'at length resumed his soul'.

Ferchios - in Macpherson's Fingal, said to mean "conqueror of men." Doubles with Yeats's song, "Who Goes with Fergus?" 

Allad - druid and seer in Fingal; Macpherson identifies Allad (gael. Aill-liath) in Fingal as "the grey-haired son of the rock"; the name is most unconvincing (O'Hehir, Brendan) [James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal V: 'Go, Ferchios, go to Allad, the gray-haired son of the rock. His dwelling is in the circle of stones'].

Old Steine - place in Brighton + Stein (ger) - stone + A: What does Einstein mean? Q: 'One stone.' And a stein is a cup and a stone at the same time + stein song (U.S. Slang) - drinking song. 

threw - pa. tense of throw

fit - Sc. and dial. var. of foot + FDV: He threwed his fit up to his aers, roled his polygone eyes, snivelled from the snose and blew the guff out of his hornypipe.

aer - obs. form of ear

snivel - to emit mucus from the nose; also, to draw up mucus audibly

blow the gaff - to let out a secret; to reveal a plot, or give convicting evidence + guff - a puff, whiff; empty talk, nonsense.

hornpipe - an obsolete wind instrument + pipe (Slang) - penis.

hop joint - Slang: An opium den (a public room, of low or mean character, kept as a resort of opium-smokers).

jerk - an involuntary spasmodic contraction of a muscle, due to reflex action of nerves, as from external stimulus

ladle - a large spoon with a long handle and cup-shaped bowl, used chiefly for lading liquids + Little Brown Jug (song).

broom - an implement for sweeping

jig - fidgety movement

locofoco - (an invented word; it is not known what suggested the formation. It has been conjectured that loco was taken from locomotive, wrongly imagined to mean 'self-moving'; foco may be a jingling alteration of It. fuoco or Sp. fuego: fire) a self-igniting cigar or match + loco (Italian Archaic) - place + foco (Italian Archaic) - fire.

redhot - heated to redness. Of persons: Highly inflamed or excited, fiery.

turnspit - a roasting spit that can be turned

'Old Rosin the Beau' - song about a man, fond of drink, who begs friends to drink at his funeral and sprinkle his corpse with whiskey.

Ratskeller (ger) - Town Hall cellar + rathskeller (Slang) - tavern.

radius (l) - spoke of the wheel, staff, rod

Frankie and Johnny (song): 'He was my man, but he was doin' me wrong'

knot - a swelling or protuberance in a muscle, nerve, gland, etc.; something intricate, involved, or difficult to trace out or explain

entrails - the bowels, the intestines; the inward parts regarded as the seat of the emotions, thoughts, etc.; = 'heart', 'soul'.

grippe - influenza + grip - firm hold or grasp; a seizure or twinge of pain, a spasm.

gripe - the 'clutch' or 'pinch' of something painful. Formerly often in pl.; an intermittent spasmodic pain in the bowels. Usually pl., colic pains (Joyce suffered from his stomach at the time he wrote Finnegans Wake)

bite one’s head off - to speak or reply to (a person) in a curt, sharp, or angry manner.

cokery - a coke-furnace + coke - carbon fuel produced by distillation of coal.

spurt - gush forth in a sudden stream or jet of liquids

coal - a piece of burnt wood, etc., that still retains sufficient carbon to be capable of further combustion without flame; a charred remnant; a cinder.

tarpitch = tar - a thick, viscid, black or dark-coloured, inflammable liquid, obtained by the destructive distillation of wood.

dilute - weakened in consistency or strength by the addition of water or of anything having a like effect, watered down + turkish delight.

chromite - a compound of sesquioxide of chromium (Cr2O3) with the protoxide of another metal + chroma (gr) - skin; color inflammation of the skin; inflammation of color + colitis - inflammation of the colon.

mauve - a bright but delicate purple dye obtained from coal-tar aniline; the colour of this dye + Mowe (ger) - seagull.

blank - Of the face or look: Void of expression, expressing no attention, interest, or emotion; vacant + The Man That Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo (song). 

carbo - Combining form of carbon (n.), used before consonants, in names of carbon compounds + carbo (l) - coal + Carbo - noted Roman family that supported the phlebeians.

inflammable - gas or liquid able to ignite, explode or have adverse effect on humans or animals; an inflammable substance. (Chiefly in pl.) + inflammabilis (l) - inflammable, that may be set on fire.

perceive + poursuivre (fr) - to chase.

comburent - burning (obs.); causing combustion: applied by Lavoisier, and others after him, to that element, esp. oxygen, which, in chemical combination, was supposed to cause the combustion of another body + comburenda (l) - things requiring to be burned.

together + a long pull and a strong pull and a pull all together - a steady, energetic, and systematic co-operation. The reference may be either to a boat, where all the oarsmen pull together with a long and strong pull at the oars; or it may be to the act of hauling with a rope, when a simultaneous strong pull is indispensable. + 'The Dead': (Michael Furey) 'was in the gasworks'.

twopenny + Crone: Concise Dictionary of Irish Biography uses the abbreviation 'Dub. Univ. Mag.' for 'Dublin University Magazine' (e.g. Crone: Concise Dictionary of Irish Biography 123: 'LE FANU, JOSEPH SHERIDAN... wrote as a student... in Dub. Univ. Mag., which he subsequently owned and edited').

Mag - playful shortening of the female name Margaret

gang - to walk, go. (Chiefly lit.) + go to press + pressgang.

prees = priest + go to pieces.

dinny - resounding with or filled with din (a loud noise)

-een (Anglo-Irish) - (diminutive)

canty - cheerful, lively, gladsome; esp. in Sc. manifesting gladness and cheerfulness; in north of England rather = lively, brisk, active + cainntighe (Irish) - talkative.

lost - perdition, ruin, destruction

Zosimus - Michael Moran, early 19th century Dublin street singer, known as 'the last of the gleemen' + zosimos (gr) - viable, likely to survive.

deal - to distribute or bestow among a number of recipients; esp. to distribute in the form of gifts or alms

a treatment (notebook 1931)

he may be trusted (notebook 1931)

culmination - the attainment by a heavenly body of its greatest altitude; fig. The attainment of the highest point, or state of being at the height + inculminatio (l) - a placing on the highest point.

unto - upon (and in contact with); on, against

fructification - the action or process of fructifying or producing fruit (now rare exc. Bot.); Also fecundation, fertilization (? obs.).

major operation (notebook 1931)

interfere - Of things, actions, etc.: To come into collision or opposition, so as to affect the course of.

intermitting - that intermits or ceases for a time, coming at intervals

Hertzian waves - radio waves

Venice + Venus + Call Me Pet Names (song).

Pip and Estella - characters in 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens + Swift's Vanessa and Stella.

zip - a fastener for locking together two toothed edges by means of a sliding tab

handbag - a lady's bag for accessories + (notebook 1930): '*L* a butterfly from her handbag'.

Is - receives wounded dove from I & sends back. It is a document from blown up record office (notebook 1923) → on 30 June 1922, the Public Record Office, situated in the Four Courts, was shelled to cause the anti-Treaty IRA forces holding it from April to surrender, resulting in many papers being blown all over Dublin and many archives being irreplaceably lost.

astart - to start off, get away, escape + Astarte (gr, l) - Syro-Phoenician goddess, identified with Venus (hence with Venus's dove).

Four Courts, Dublin + dovecote - a birdhouse for pigeons.

darling + Kevin Izod O'Doherty - 19th-century Irish patriot poet, sentenced to transportation. His sweetheart (Eva of the Nation), another poet, said, "I'll wait for you, O darling." She did, and they were married upon his return. 

poser + poetaster - contemptuous name often applied to bad or inferior poets (like rhymester or versifier).

scorched - burnt and discoloured by heat, touched by fire; having an appearance as if shrivelled by heat (obs.) + Still Growing (song): 'And all around his college cap I'll bind a band of blue, For to let the ladies know that he's married'.

twill - to weave so as to produce diagonal ridges on the surface of the cloth

twine - a strong thread composed of two or three smaller threads or strands twisted together, and used for various purposes, as for binding small parcels or making nets

flame - the colour of flame, flame-red

laity - the body of the people not in orders as opposed to the clergy; unprofessional people, as opposed to those who follow some learned profession, to artists, etc.

married + marid - in Muslim demonology, an evil jinn of the highest class.

Pim Bros - South Dublin drapers

blackballed (Slang) - refused

tot - a person of disordered brain, a simpleton, a fool; a very small or tiny child + tot (l) - so many + Todd, Burns and Company - North Dublin drapers.

leste - a hot, dry, easterly wind occasionally encountered in Madeira and the Canary Islands at any season except in summer. Essentially it is an extension of the harmattan that blows across the Sahara and is accordingly hot and dry; lestage; least + leste (it) - nimble, quick-witted (feminine plural).

claribel flute - an organ stop of similar construction to the clarabella (an organ-stop of a powerful fluty tone, invented by Bishop) + clarus (l) - clear + bellus (l) - beautiful + Claribel - pseudonym of Mrs Barnard, composer of "Come Back to Erin."

posted - carried by or sent through the post, placed in a post-office letter-box for dispatch; pasted or fixed up in a prominent place, as a public notice

penned - written (with a pen), set down in writing

here is

change - the balance that remains over and is returned when anything is paid for by a piece of money greater than its price

thank you madam

good afternoon

madden - to become mad

mind one's step - to be careful about one's actions, to tread warily

I surrender to him (notebook 1931) Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 76: (letter from Edith Thompson to Bywaters, trial exhibit 13) 'I've surrendered to him unconditionally now'.

ashore - on shore, on the land + asthore - my treasure; (my) darling + Diarmaid a stor (d'irmid' astor) (gael) - Freeman (masc. personal name) my dear.

complease - to be complaisant to, to gratify; also refl. to delight in + completely

redress - to dress again; to correct, amend, reform or do away with (a bad or faulty state of things, now esp. an abuse), to remedy or remove (trouble or distress of any kind) + (notebook 1931): 'get dressed directly'.

end one's days - to die + (notebook 1931): 'one of my stays ay Oxford' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 36: (of Isa Bowman in Carroll's home) 'one of my stays at Oxford'.

languish - the action or state of languishing; a tender look or glance + language + Bédier: Le Roman de Tristan et Iseut 21 ('Le Morholt d'Irlande'): 'Mais, à Tintagel, Tristan languissait' (French 'But, at Tintagel, Tristan languished').

TINTAGEL - Village and castle, North coast of Cornwall, ruins still visible. In literary legend, it was the birthplace of King Arthur and the stronghold of King Mark. But Finnegans Wake associates it mainly with the Cornish language.  

is you? (notebook 1931) Connelly: The Green Pastures 27: 'You ain't going to let dat go to waste is you, Lawd?' ('is you' appears quite a few more times in the play).

mes - proper distance or range for shooting + me

boo - to low as a cow; to assail with cries of 'boo!' as an expression of dissatisfaction or disapproval + (notebook 1931): 'do you bow mighty low?' Connelly: The Green Pastures 20: (sung by heavenly angels) 'Do you bow mighty low? Certainly, Lawd'.

moiety - a half; Jocularly: One's 'better half', i.e. a wife (rarely, a husband)

lowd - obs. form of loud + lewd + lord.

unconditionally - without conditions

lade - load, burden + (notebook 1931): 'certainly, Lod' Connelly: The Green Pastures 19: (repeatedly sung by heavenly angels in reply to questions) 'Certainly, Lawd'.

can - to stop, leave off (something); to 'cut out' (Slang) + can that (U.S. Slang) - cease that.

sobstuff - speech or writing which makes a sentimental appeal to the emotions

whinge - to whine; esp. to complain peevishly

mavrone - anglicized form of Irish mo bhrón my grief (f. brón), used as an exclamation of sorrow + mavros (gr) - dark.

puppet - a term of endearment for a pretty child, girl, or young woman; darling, pet

like things are (notebook 1931) → Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 78: (letter from Edith Thompson to Bywaters, trial exhibit 50) 'This time really will be the last you will go away - like things are, won't it? We said it before darlint'.

MD, on Md, or 'My dears' - in the "little language" of Swift's Journal to Stella, this denotes Stella (Esther Johnson) and Rebecca Dingley. Stella herself is "Ppt", meaning "Poppet" on "Poor Pretty Thing." "D" on "Dd" is Dingley, sometimes also indicated by "Me," which may be Madame Elderly. Swift is "Pdfr", pronounced "Podefar," meaning perhaps "Poor Dean Foolish Rogue" or "Poor Dear Fellow." "FW" seems to serve for "Farewell" and "Foolish Wenches." It is the "little (?Liddell) language" and sexual cold that tie Swift to Lewis Carroll in FW (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake). 

vincible - that may be overcome or vanquished in battle or conflict, or in some contest; susceptible of defeat or overthrow + Invincibles - the perpetrators of the Phoenix Park murders, 1882.

have a run for one's money - to have some kind of return or satisfaction for one's expenditure or exertions (orig. racing slang, where one may get considerable pleasure from watching the race even if one does not win much).

dash and dot - two signals which in various combinations make up the letters of the Morse alphabet + (Glugg comes back on receiving Isod's message, Joyce returns from the continent).

cocker - a contentious, quarrelsome man; a wrangler (obs.) + old crow - a derogatory name for a girl or woman, esp. one who is old or ugly + As the old cock crows, the young cock learns (proverb).

Sifadda ("long stride") - one of Cuthullin's horses in Fingal + siffatta (it) - such (feminine singular) + zoo vader zoo zoon (Dutch) - like father like son.

bran new = brand new - quite new, perfectly new + Bran (bron) (gael) - "Raven", name of Fionn Mac Cumhail's dog in James Macpherson's The Poems of Ossian.

outstrip - to pass in running or any kind of swift motion; to outrun, leave behind in a race + out-stripper - in Islam, a term for a prophet + obstreperous - boisterously and noisily aggressive.

on the wind - Said in reference to a means of conveyance + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora VII: 'travelled on the winds' (glossed in a footnote: 'a poetical expression for sailing').

waft - a current or rush of air, a breath of wind

wingweary (notebook 1931) Connelly: The Green Pastures 16: 'Nowadays Heaven's free of sin an' if a lady wants a little constitutional she kin fly 'til she wing-weary widout gittin' insulted'.

coastguard - a force employed to guard the coast

whoop - an act of whooping; a cry of 'whoop!', or a shout or call resembling this; spec. as used in hunting, esp. at the death of the game, or by N. American Indians, etc. as a signal or war-cry; occas. the hoot of an owl

epilepsy + upsadaisy - an affectionate encouragement to a child who has fallen over + hop, step and jump (leap) - the action of making these three movements in succession; an athletic exercise in which the players try who can cover most ground with this sequence of movements.

didando (l) - I broadcast

Tishy - English race-horse + do a tishy (phrase) - fall with legs in a tangle (1922 phrase, after Tishy, an English race-horse that lost so often that Tom Webster, a cartoonist, began to use it as a comic character in his newspaper cartoons).

appreciable - enough to be estimated or measured

glaciation - the condition of being covered by an ice-sheet or by glaciers + glaciator (l) - ice-man, icer, one who freezes + gladiator - among the ancient Romans, one who fought with a sword or other weapon at public shows; usually a slave or captive trained for the purpose.

submerge - to cause to sink or plunge into water, to place under water

Atlantis - legendary island in the Atlantic Ocean, lying west of the Straits of Gibraltar

trembly - in a trembling or shaking state + (girls).

spark gap - device in internal-combustion motors

(it's) a bit off - Of social behaviour: unacceptable; ill-mannered

disguised - dressed in a strange or assumed garb, or having the appearance otherwise changed, for the sake of concealing identity (Tristan returned to Isolde disguised) + daghesh (Hebrew) - point, Hebrew diacritic + Esche (ger) - ash-tree.

got up - to dress (the person, hair, etc.) in a certain way

orlop - Originally, the single floor or deck with which the hold of a ship was covered in, which, by the successive addition of one, two, or three complete decks above, became the lowest deck of a ship of the line; sometimes applied to the lowest deck of a steamer or ship with three or more decks [(notebook 1931): 'orlop (lower deck)'] + Fire Down Below (song): 'Fire in the store room spoiling the food, Fire on the orlop burning the wood' (a sea shanty).

made - 'made in a certain manner, having a certain quality or kind of make' + FDV: Then with his whoop, stoop and an upalepsy was he again before the trembly ones, gotten up like a simplasailar and shaking the storm out of his hiccup.

hiccup - an involuntary spasm of the respiratory organs, consisting in a quick inspiratory movement of the diaphragm checked suddenly by closure of the glottis, and accompanied by a characteristic sound + a storm in a teacup - a great commotion in a small community or about a trifling matter. 

vessel - a craft designed for water transportation + the weaker vessel - said of the wife as compared with the husband; hence occas. used jocularly for 'the wife' or female partner + (notebook 1931): 'ships glad to have *C* aborad' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 234: 'We have already remarked upon the good fortune, as regards weather, which Swedenborg enjoyed in his many voyages, and the almost superstitious delight with which the masters of the vessels he sailed in received him as a passenger'. 

knee - Shipbuilding and Naut. A piece of timber naturally bent, used to secure parts of a ship together, esp. one with an angular bend used to connect the beams and the timbers.

pigtail - 'characteristic of the period when pigtails were worn', old-fashioned, pedantic, absurdly formal, as pigtail drill, period, professor, tory

Tarr - title, young artist-hero of Wyndham Lewis' novel (1918). In FW, Joyce identifies W. Lewis with Tarr, his creature, and uses "them" as models for Professor Jones and his creature, the Mookse.

too thick + toothache.

telltale - one who tells tales; one who idly or maliciously discloses private or secret matters; Applied to a thing: That reveals or betrays something meant to be kept secret.

pitcher - a vulgar or colloq. pronunciation of picture

photo - colloquial abbreviation of photograph + future.

mouton - obs. form of mutton + muttonleg slieve - one very full and loose on the arm but close-fitting at the wrist. 

caper - a frolicsome leap, like that of a playful kid + to cut a caper or capers - to dance in a frolicsome way, to act fantastically + caper (l) - goat.

let on - to reveal, divulge, disclose, or betray a fact by word or look; to pretend

jest - colloq. and dial. var. just

japer - one who japes or jokes; esp. a professional jester + FDV: He's a pigtail tarr and if he hadn't got it toothick he'd a telltale tall of his pitcher on a wall with his photure in the papers for cutting moutonlegs and capers letting on he'd just be papers and his tail cooked up.

have one's tail up and varr. - to be in good spirits + to cock up - to swagger, strut + P.W. Joyce: English as We Speak It in Ireland 61: 'Did you ever see the devil With the wooden spade and shovel Digging praties for his supper And his tail cocked up'.

angelina - a genus of Leguminosæ, native chiefly to tropical America, comprising trees of moderate height, with showy purple flowers + angelina (l) - little angel

hsin (Chinese) - new

beau - the attendant or suitor of a lady, a lover, sweetheart + FDV: Angelinas, hide from light those hues that your ain beau may bring to night!

dower - the money or property which the wife brings to the husband + strip - a narrow piece, primarily of textile material, paper, or the like, of approximately uniform breadth + {Though on your doorstep and bent on one knee, he mustn’t lodge here} 

maun - must + FDV: Though down on to your dowerstrip he's bent to knee he maun't know ledgings here.

ledging - a ledge, or ledges collectively + ledge - a narrow horizontal surface, formed by the top of some vertical structure, or by the top of some projection in the vertical face of a wall or the like + Children's game: ('line' game) Three sailors ('Shall we have lodgings here?') + knowledge. 

mow - to make mouths or grimaces + move + 'A-hunting we will go, A-hunting we will go, We'll catch a fox and put him in a box, and then we'll let him go' (song) + FDV: For a haunting way will go and you need not make your mow.

frenge = fringe + French James Joyce: A Portrait IV: 'Les jupes... The names of articles of dress worn by women or of certain soft and delicate stuffs used in their making brought always to his mind a delicate and sinful perfume'.

socks + FDV: Find the frenge for frocks and translace it into shocks of such as touch with show and show.

such and such - such and such persons or things; also sing., this and this + touch (Slang) - copulate

so and so - An indefinite phrase (= 'such a thing, person, number,' etc.) used in place of a more lengthy statement, or as a substitute for an expression or name not exactly remembered or not requiring to be explicitly stated; Used euphem. as a term of abuse for a person (occas. a thing). Also, with weakened force, as a term of affection.

guess - to hit upon the answer to (a question), the solution of (a riddle, a parable)

for all one’s worth - with great effort, using all one’s energy + FDV: He is guessing at hers for all he is worse.

seagoing - going or travelling by sea

wily - crafty, cunning, sly, artful + wild goose chase (phrase).

geese - pl. of goose + wild guesses.

goosling - obs. form of gosling (a young goose) + FDV: Hark to his wily geeses goosling by, my and playfair, lady.

Playfair, Lyon - 1st Lord Playfair (1818-98), British chemist and administrator, used attrib. and absol. to designate a cipher in which successive pairs of letters are replaced by pairs chosen in a prescribed manner from a matrix of 25 letters, usu. arranged  in accordance with a key-word + London Bridge ('circle' game): 'my fair lady'.

note - to observe or mark carefully + (notebook 1930): 'those who will be exiled speak 'can' for 'dog' those who will rise in life speak now for no'.

con- (kon) (gael) - dog, canine (prefix)

ingle - fire; a fire burning upon the hearth; a house-fire + England  

faulter - obs. form of falter (to stumble in one's speech; to speak hesitatingly or incoherently; to stammer) + (notebook 1931): 'I faltered'.

I have to trouble you with (notebook 1931) Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 79: (Walter Frampton, counsel for Thompson, examining Thompson) 'The next letter I have to trouble you with is the one dated 1st April'.

codhead (Slang) - a fool + Godhead.

mitre - a sacerdotal head-dress + (notebook 1931): 'mitre = fish's head'.

heron - the name of a large natural group of long-necked long-legged wading birds; Hence, heron plume.

plumes on left to not impede swording (notebook 1931)

ministrant - serving attendance on someone + sinistra (l) - the left hand.

server - Eccl. An assistant at Mass who arranges the altar and makes the responses + servus servorum (l) - slave of the slaves, 'slave of the slaves of Christ' (title of the pope) + Ulysses.1.312: 'A servant too. A server of a servant'.

rex - a king + rex regum (l) - king of kings + regnum (l) - kingdom.

balderdash - a senseless jumble of words; nonsense, spoken or written + dash - a sudden vigorous attack or onset. Also fig. + (notebook 1931): 'made a balderdash for freedom of speech'. 

lubbert = lubbard - lubber (an awkward stupid person; a clumsy seaman) + liberty

strike a match - to ignite a match by friction [(notebook 1931): 'Saw a match being struck' Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 19: (John Webber's evidence) 'I saw a match being struck'].

pun - a humorous play on words [(notebook 1931): 'play passes into earnest' Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson xix: 'By keeping these letters Bywaters brought ruin to the writer. She kept none of his; she was too loyal for that. It is extremely probable that he entered into this grim and shocking game of correspondence about poisoning meaning it as little as she did; and it is probable that they both found an erotic stimulus in giving full play on paper to their jealousy. And when the letters ceased, and they met again, they had worked themselves up too far; what had been grim play had to become grim earnest'].

jaune (French) - yellow + fearg (Irish) - anger + January, February + Joan of Arc + FDV: /  —Haps thee ore candy? / —Now.

nao (Portuguese) - no + nao (Chinese) - vex, disturb, brawl + Ulysses.13.68: '-Nao... Nao... Nao'.

May, June + méchantes (French) - wicked, spiteful (feminine plural) + {Have you May jaune (yellow) underwear?}

hao (Chinese) - good + FDV: / —Haps thee mayjaunties? —Nowhow. / —Haps thee per causes nunsibelli? / —Nowhowhow.

percase - by chance, as it chanced + per causas nuntiatas belli (l) - through the declared causes of the war + nulle si belle (fr) - none so beautiful (feminine).

James Joyce: Letters I.154: letter 05/01/21 to Italo Svevo: 'a rubber band having the colour of a nun's belly' (i.e. yellowish) + November, December.

aski (Basque) - enough

gau - a territorial and administrative division of ancient Germany, including several villages or communities + go + gau (Welsh) - a lie, lying + gau on (Basque) - good night.

mi caco (it) - I shit myself (really, or figuratively for fear) + micco (Amaro) - victim (chosen for theft); simpleton, blockhead; newly-come prisoner.

get (Anglo-Irish/Hiberno-English) - bastard

ping - an abrupt ringing sound + P'ing-an (Chinese) - peaceful.

pong - the sound of a ringing blow; a bang

annoyance + anaya (Japanese) - in an instant.

sling one’s hook - to go away + Joyce's note: 'slink yr hook away' Douglas: London Street Games 34: (a chant) 'The black man said (or: My mother said) That you are A., If you do not want to play, You can sling your hook away'.

alegera (Basque) - happy + à la guerre comme à la guerre (fr) - in the war like in the war.

tsimista (Basque) - lightning

in camicia (it) - in one's shirt; of eggs, poached

hurricane - a name given primarily to the violent wind-storms of the West Indies + harrika (Basque) - a blow from a stone.

hot foot - prompt or rapid action or movement; a quick escape

zingo = zing - (int.) representing the sudden advent of a new situation or emotion + zingor (Basque) - mean, miserly.

zango (Basque) - leg

SEGUR - Paris telephone exchange. In the late 1920's, James Joyce's telephone no was Segur 95.20 + segur (Welsh) - idle + segur (Basque) - true, sure.

hoot - the smallest amount or particle; a whit or atom. Chiefly with negative and in phrases to give (care, matter) two hoots (a hoot).

uskut! (Arabic) - shut up! + urqud! (Arabic) - run! + jamal (Arabic) - camel + qum! (Arabic) - stand up! + yallah! (Arabic) - come on!

ciappa (Italian Dialect) - take + cioppa (Italian Obsolete) - teat, to teat.

skarp snakk (Danish) - sharp talk + snack + FDV: And he did a get; for he could chew upon a skarp snakk of pure undefallen engelsk as raskly and as baskly as your cow cudd spanich.

underfallen engelsk (Danish) - undershot English + undefiled English.

melas (gr) - black + melanos (gr) - black pigment + melon.

sukiyaki - a Japanese dish, consisting of very thin slices of beef fried with vegetables in sugar and soy sauce, and often served with rice + tsuki (Japanese) - moon + saki (Japanese) - tip, point, end.

soppu (Japanese) - soup + suppon (Japanese) - turtle.

Rask, Christian Rasmus (1787-1832) - Danish philologist, master of 25 languages + rask (Danish) - quick + rashly + rascally.

badly + Basque.

spinach + Spanish + il parle français comme une vache espagnole (fr) - he speaks French like a Spanish cow.

makoto (Japanese) - indeed!

gelo (l) - to freeze + gala (gr) - milk.


uovo (it) - egg

affogate (it) - drowned, smothered; (of eggs) poached + Hokey Pokey, Five a Plate (song).

in camicia (it) - in one's shirt; (of eggs) poached

to wit - that is, namely + (notebook 1930): 'to "vet"' → vet - to examine carefully.

griphos (gr) - fishing-basket; enigma, riddle; anything dark and obscure + Gripes + grievously.

bedazzled - dazzled so as to be confused

bepuzzled - utterly puzzled + FDV: He had his sperrits all foulen on him; he was bedizzled and beduzzled; and he looked like bruddy Hal.

tristy - sad, sorrowful; trustworthy, faithful + Tristan.

caballero (sp) - gentleman, knight, cavalier

bloody hell

shelling - the firing of shells, bombardment with shells + shilling.

cockshy - a thing to throw at; an object of attack + gun shy + Don Quixote [.03-.06] [.23]

peso - the name of a coin, either of gold (peso de oro) or silver (peso de plata), formerly current in Spain and its colonies; now, of a standard silver coin + peasant.

bezant - coin formerly current in England + Annie Besant, theosophist.

armada - a fleet of ships of war (Cervantes acted as a provisioner for the Spanish Armada)

shimpanza (Serbian) - Chimpanzee (intelligent somewhat arboreal ape of equatorial African forests) + Panza, Sancho - Don Quixote's servant. Reference is to Carr and his pants (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + sin (sp) - without + panza (sp) - belly.

wide open - open to the full extent + (after enlightenment Buddha walked the world, then remained immobile with his eyes open).

winsome - pleasing or attractive in appearance + FDV: But could annybroddy have looked twinsomer than the kerl he left behind him?

kerl = carl - a rude, rustic man + Kerl (ger) - man, fellow + girl + The Girl I Left Behind Me (song) + {heavenly Chuff is left behind - with the girls dancing around him}

candidatus (l) - clothed in white; a candidate for office

viridis (l) - green + viridosus (l) - greened

aurolucens (l) - gold-shining, shining goldly + viridis, candidus, aurosus (l) - green, white, golden (colors of the Irish national flag).

sine labore (l) - without effort, without work + sine labes (l) - without fault or blemish.

coton - obs. form of cotton + cotan (Bog Latin) - hero, warrior.

breeches - trousers ending above the knee + breiche (Bog Latin) - green.

stud - obs. pa. tense of stand

their - there (obs.) + FDV: How he stud there theirs so kevinly, a mickly dazzley,

most + Mookse.

heavily - with sorrow, grief, displeasure, or anger; grievously (obs.) + heavenly + Kevin.

anterevolitionarius (l) - one who is before willing again + antirevolutionary.

churchman - a man of the church; an ecclesiastic; a clergyman + (child of a church father from tonsure to toes).

tonsor - a barber + tonsure

almander - an almond tree

hagiography - the writing of the lives of saints; saints' lives as a branch of literature or legend

Deuteronomy - the name or title of the fifth book of the Pentateuch, which contains a repetition, with parenetic comments, of the Decalogue, and most of the laws contained in Exodus xxi-xxiii, and xxxiv + triginta duo (l) - thirty-two + duodetriginta (l) - twenty-eight + sumi (Japanese) - ink.

optimus (l) - best + septimus (l) - seventh (i.e. seventh son)

sextus + (the Buddha was once reborn as a six-tusked elephant).

Queen Maya - mother of the Buddha

cynosure - something that strongly attracts attention (as the north star attracts mariners), the Little Dipper (Ursa Minor) constellation (from Greek kynos oura: dog's tail; the constellation of Ursa Minor)

inwreathe - to wreathe, intertwine with; to encircle as a wreath does

narcissus - a bulbous plant, flowering in spring and bearing a heavily scented single white flower with an undivided corona edged with crimson and yellow + cissy = sissy - an effeminate person; a coward.

micky dazzler (Slang) - a would-be dandy, a lady-killer

eely - resembling an eel in movement; wriggling, writhing

oily - bland, soothing, insinuating, fawning, 'unctuous'; 'slippery'

Carroll, Lewis - pen-name of Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (1832-98), English mathematician at Christ Church, Oxford, deacon, author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Alice Through the Looking Glass + looi (Dutch) - tanner's oak-bark + loose curls.

Netz (ger) - net

zvezda (Serbian, Russian) - star + vestalis (l) - priestess of Vesta, goddess of flocks and of the hearth.

priested - ordained to the priesthood; blessed by a priest + priestess - a female priest + pressed.

tractive - having the property of drawing or pulling; attractive, enticing (obs.) + John O'Reilly the Active (song).

dem - damned; demonstration + dem, de (Dialect Pronunciation) - them, the.

Buddha married daughter of Dandapani and was surrounded by eyelash-fluttering women

game cock - a cock bred and trained for fighting + FDV: with his gamecox spurts and his smile likuid glue,

Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 31: 'Mr. Justice Shearman frequently referred to Bywaters as "the adulterer," apparently quite unconscious of the fact that to people of Bywaters's generation, educated in the ethics of dear labour and cheap pleasure, of commercial sport and the dancing hall, adultery is merely a quaint ecclesiastical term for what seems to them the great romantic adventure of their lives. Adultery to such people may or may not be "sporting," but its wrongness is not a matter that would trouble them for a moment.'

sweetest + suess (ger) - sweet.

sourire (fr) - smile

weanling - a young child or animal newly weaned + (notebook 1931): 'sweetest smile ever a man wore' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 34: 'as... his eyes lighted on me with the sweetest smile that ever a man wore, I was conscious of a love and reverence for Charles Dodgson that became nearly an adoration'.

host - a great company; a large number + Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 16: 'There is one simple test by which you may judge the kind of woman that Edith Thompson was. No two photographs of her looked like photographs of the same woman; from different angles of view, in different clothes, she appeared like different people. Put her in a housemaid's dress and she would look like a housemaid; place her in tragic circumstances and she became a tragic actress. She was, to that extent, Everywoman; and she had the secret of the universal woman.'

spritty - a spritsail barge + spirits + sprit (Danish) - spirit.

Lustspiel (ger) - comedy + Rinder (ger) - cattle + lystspil (Danish) - farce + skuespillerindernes (Danish) - the actresses' + les pelerins (fr) - the pilgrims.

peahen - a female peafowl, the female of the peacock + FDV: whiles his host of faceful spritties they went peahenning around him in neuchoristic congressulations,

ripida (it) - steep (feminine) + rapida (it) - swift.

princeps (l) - first, first man, first member of the Senate; prince

Eucharistic - pertaining to the sacrament of the Lord's Supper

congression - the action of coming together or meeting; sexual intercourse + congratulations

purringly - in a purring manner; while purring

allaudo (l) - to extol, to praise much + alluding + FDV: allauding to him by all the licknames in the litany

litany - Eccl. An appointed form of public prayer, usually of a penitential character, consisting of a series of supplications, deprecations, or intercessions in which the clergy lead and the people respond, the same formula of response being repeated for several successive clauses.

Dulcinea - the name given by Don Quixote to his mistress in Cervantes' romance; hence, A mistress, sweetheart, lady of one's devotion.

imply - to insinuate, hint at + employing + (notebook 1931): 'the terms in which a W does not write to any - ex. her H' Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 91: (cross-examination of Edith Thompson by the Solicitor-General) 'When did you first begin to address him as your lover? - It is just what you mean by "your lover." The terms in which a woman does not write to any man except her husband? - I cannot remember'.

satisfy + set on fire.

tease him + (notebook 1931): 'to satisfy more than to deceive'  Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 91: (cross-examination of Edith Thompson by the Solicitor-General) 'Did your husband repeatedly ask you if you were happy? - He did. And did you tell him you were happy? - I did. Was that to deceive him? - It was to satisfy him more than to deceive him'.

shall we + (notebook 1931): 'shall I help you to remember' Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 93: (cross-examination of Edith Thompson by the Solicitor-General) 'What is the meaning of the injunction in that letter, "Don't keep this piece"? - I cannot remember now. Shall I help you to remember, if you read the next passage?'

Rigoletto - title, character of Verdi's opera, a hunchbacked jester + rigoler (fr) - to laugh + rigoletto (it) - circle of dancers holding hands + to recollect

yashmak - the double veil concealing the part of the face below the eyes, worn by Muslim women in public + ismik (Arabic) - your name (feminine) + jismik (Arabic) - your body (feminine).

fairhaired - having fair or light-coloured hair

fairhead - beauty

vouchsafe - to give, grant, or bestow in a gracious or condescending manner + bouche (fr) - mouth.

asfar (Arabic) - yellow

safra (Arabic) - travel + as far as (I) dare assume.

durst - p. of dare + Durst (ger) - thirst.

Suhne (ger) - atonement + Assunta (it) - Blessed Virgin Mary.

kisser - one who kisses; the giver of a kiss + kyriê eleêsôn (gr) - Lord have mercy + FDV: and sending him perfumed prayerpuffs to bouchesave unto each but every everyone the havemercyonhurs of his kissier licence.

endure + anduire (Bog Latin) - yesterday.

injurious - wrongful; hurtful to the rights of another; wilfully inflicting injury or wrong + anduiriu (Bog Latin) - today.

embetter - to make better + im Bett (ger) - in the bed + imbethrar (Bog Latin) - tomorrow.

rer - obs. form of rear (v.)

Asia + Issy's + S's.

impure - Of a language, style, etc.: Containing foreign idioms or grammatical blemishes + impure (Slang) - whore.

liber (l) - book; free, unlimited; a child; old Italian deity of planting and fructification + liber (Bog Latin) - sea.

certne (Bog Latin) - nevertheless

gurgle - the action or an act of gurgling; the noise made by liquid escaping intermittently from a vessel, of a stream flowing over a stony bed, etc.

arrah - an expletive expressing emotion or excitement, common in Anglo-Irish speech + James Joyce, Dubliners: 'Araby'.

bellows - to blow (with bellows) + to bellows up - to gather up (wind).

tumtum - tummy (the stomach or intestine); an imitation of the sound of a stringed instrument or instruments, esp. when monotonously played + Tantum Ergo (song). 

argan - an evergreen tree (N.O. Sapotaceæ), found in Morocco + organ

gust - a strong current of air

gushy - extravagantly demonstrative + Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 17: 'He was often away at sea for long periods, and during those periods she used to write to him letters of a kind, characterized by Mr. Justice Shearman a "gush," which lovers and friends at distance love to receive; letters telling him her thoughts as they rose in her head, what she was doing, what she was reading, what she was thinking'.

goof - a mistake, esp. in an entertainment; a silly, stupid, or 'daft' person

girly - characteristic of or befitting a girl, girlish + (notebook 1931): 'happy little girls to have such a -' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 6: (of Carroll as a delightful instructor in arithmetics) 'Happy little girls who had such a master'.


Adelphi - the name of a group of buildings in London between the Strand and the Thames, laid out by the four brothers, and hence called Adelphi (Gr. brothers); the name of the theatre in the vicinity of these buildings, at which a certain type of melodrama was prevalent c 1882-1900, and so allusively.

O the swaying hops all golden (notebook 1931)

chant - to sing, warble

chor - the choir or chancel of a church + encore (fr) - more.

salut - In French Roman Catholic churches: an evening service of Benediction (Fr., ellipt. for salut du Saint Sacrement, salutation (or benediction) of the Blessed Sacrament) + Salat (ger) - lettuce + (notebook 1931): 'salat (prayer)'salat (Arabic) - prayer; specifically the Five Daily Prayers which Muslim men are enjoined to perform.

The Maiden's Prayer (song) + (notebook 1931): 'mahdi messias' → mahdi (Arabic) - holy man, messiah (literally 'guided one').

messenger + Messiah.

nabi - Theol. One inspired to speak the word of God; a prophet, spec. a Hebrew prophet of the Old Testament + Nabis (c. 200 B.C.) - Spartan tyrant, assassinated in coup d'etat + (notebook 1931): 'nabis (prophets)' nabi (Arabic) - prophet. 

prostrate - to cast oneself down prostrate; to bow to the ground in reverence or submission + (notebook 1931): 'prostrate -' → Muslim prayer involves a prescribed sequence of postures, including folding the arms, kneeling, bowing and prostration [.02-.03] + prostituting.

the self (notebook 1931)

combinedly - in a combined manner, in combination [(notebook 1931): 'combinedly'].

Fateha - Fatiha, Al-Fatihah: (Arabic): "The Opening", the title of the first Sura of the Koran; it is recited at the start of each unit of a Muslim's daily prayer [(notebook 1931): 'fateha (opening)'].

hands folded (notebook 1931)

eving = eaves - the edge of the roof of a building, or of the thatch of a stack, which overhangs the side

bloss (ger) - naked + blissful + blos (Dutch) - blush + song 'Tantum Ergo' includes 'salus', 'honour', 'blessing' and 'alleluia'.

ablution - the washing of the body as a religious rite + (notebook 1931): 'wuzu ablution' → Muslim prayer should be preceded with ritual ablution (called wuzu), including the washing of the hands, face and feet + absolution.

father + Farbe (ger) - color + Farbung (ger) - tint, dye, coloring.

amamus (l) - we love

orison - a prayer

mosque - a Muslim temple or place of worship

Osman - 14th century Turkish emir and founder of Ottoman dynasty

ebbing - the action of flowing back or retiring

laa ilaha illa Allah (Arabic) - there is no god but Allah (the shahada, the Muslim declaration of belief)

Turque - turk (obs.) + Turk - a native or inhabitant of Turkey + turquoise - shade of blue tinged with green.

ksantos (gr) - yellow + XANTHOS - "Tawny": River, South-West Asia Minor (modern Turkey), flows South-West and South to Mediterranean. Aka Scamander; In the Iliad, Xanthos is the river and plain of Troy: "the great deep-eddying river who is called Xanthos by the gods, but by mortals Skamandros" (Iliad XX, 74) + sanctus (l) - sacred, holy Sanctus, Sanctus, Sanctus (l) - 'Holy, Holy, Holy' (prayer).

diddest - rare f. didst, 2nd sing. pa. tense of do (v.) + FDV: We think to thine, mighty innocent, that diddest bring it off fuitefuite.

fuite - flight + pfui - An exclamation of contempt or disgust + fuit (l) - he [she, it] has been + fiat (l) - let it be, so be it.

Midland - the middle part of a country. Also pl. esp. applied to the middle counties of England + (Midland Bank Ltd manager).

reside - to dwell permanently or for a considerable time

obeisant - showing respect or deference, humbly or servilely obedient + 'Your obedient servant' (bank jargon) + {we [Flora girls] shall reside with all your obedient servants in The Rose Garden}

Burke - a colloquial designation of 'A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the United Kingdom', the first edition of which, issued in 1826, was compiled by John Burke (1787-1848).

mobility - the mob, the lower classes + nobility.

la roseraie (fr) - the rose garden (i.e. the name of a house) + FDV: Should in ofter years it became about you will becoming a bank midland mansioner we and I shall reside with our obeisant servants at La Roserie, Ailesbury Road.

AILESBURY - Road in South-East Dublin. It forms the bottom of a triangle whose sides are Anglesea and Merrion Roads, which converge at Ballsbridge to become Northumberland Road. There was a tram stop at the intersection of Allesbury and Merrion Roads.

red brick - of or relating to a British university founded in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century in a large industrial city, with buildings of red-brick, as distinct from the older universities (esp. Oxford, Cambridge, the ancient universities of Scotland, and some of the London colleges) built predominantly in stone.

hellishly - extremely

good value - entertaining, worth keeping company with, worth seeing, etc. + {Red brick houses have good value}

roster - a list or table exhibiting the names of a set of persons, esp. as taking turns of duty with each other

nab - to snatch or seize (a thing)

bosky - consisting of or covered with bushes or underwood; full of thickets, bushy + best

timber tree - a tree yielding timber or wood fit for building or construction + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 635: 'Tatraclinis articulata... a useful timber tree in Algeria'.

neighbourhood + nebo (Serbian) - sky.

oncall - to call upon, invoke + onncaill (Bog Latin) - bury + on-caill (Irish) - great damage + uncle’s

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 598: 'the intoducer of Acer rubrum... Lucombe Oak... and American Larch'.

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 598: 'Robinson founded a nursery in Kilkenny in 1765, and introduced the Turkish Hazel'.

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 605: 'Abies cephalonica... Greek Fir'

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 621: 'Libocedrus decurrens... The Incense Cedar'

hypsometer - an instrument for measuring altitudes that uses the boiling point of water to determine land elevation + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 599: 'All the tree heights... were measured by means of the geometrical hypsometer'.

MOUNT ANVILLE - District and house between Milltown and Dundrum, South Dublin. Since the 19th century, Mount Anville House has been a Sacred Heart convent and boarding school for girls + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 613: 'Cedrus libani... There are five fine trees at Mount Anville, Dundrum, County Dublin'.  

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 630: 'Pinus sylvestris... The native race is held to have died out'

arthron (gr) - joint + orthotaxis (gr) - correct order + Athrataxis - genus of Tasmanian cedars Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 611: 'Athrotaxis laxifolia... there is a specimen at Kilmacurragh' + heart attacks + orthodoxy.

larix - larch (a well-known coniferous tree, a native of the Alps, which is largely cultivated in this country. Its timber is tough and durable. It yields Venetian turpentine, and the bark is used in tanning) + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 619: 'LARIX' (the genus Larch).

Lorcán Ua Tuathail, also known as St Laurence O'Toole - Archbishop of Dublin 1161–1180 + THULE - Ancient name for the extreme North limit of the world, an island 6 days sail North of Britain. Conjectured to be the Shetlands, or part of coast of Norway. Virgil's Georgics I, 30, is the source of the phrase "Ultima Thuhe" + Thuja - genus of cedars (mentioned in Fitzpatrick's 'The Trees of Ireland'). 

wych elm - the mountain ash Pyrus aucuparia; Ulmus montana (of which bows were made) + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 656: 'Ulmus montana... The Mountain or Wych Elm'.

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 651: 'Populus vernirubens... The original tree is growing in a garden in Ranelagh, County Dublin'.

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 612: 'Callitris oblonga... This specimen is growing in a well-sheltered spot... and was flourishing and bearing numerous cones when seen in 1932'.

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 612: 'Callitris robusta... The only specimen known out of doors in Ireland... has survived two winters in the open'.

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 605: 'Abies alba... A native of the mountains of central and southern Europe' ('native' appears several more times in 'The Trees of Ireland').

Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 613: 'Cryptomeria japonica... It was introduced in 1842, and seed in quantity was sent by Fortune in 1844'.

pale peach + Polly Peachum - heroine of John Gay's The Beggar's Opera.

pillar post - pillar box + postern - a back door, a private door.

lovesick - languishing for or with love

letters + Lucia Joyce, Joyce's daughter, drew a set of lettrines (ornamental capital letters), which were used to illustrate some of Joyce's works.

affianced - pledged to be married + affixed - firmly attached.

railings - a fence or barrier made of rails

swing - a noose for hanging, halter (obs.)

hammock - a hanging bed, consisting of a large piece of canvas, netting, etc. suspended by cords at both ends

taught = taut - tightly drawn, as by longitudinal tension; stiff, tense

prismic - of or pertaining to the optical prism; formed, effected, separated, or distributed by or as by a transparent prism; hence, of varied colours, bright-coloured, brilliant; Also fig.

boites (fr) - boxes 

binocular - performed by or adapted to both eyes

embrasure - to furnish with embrasures (a slanting or bevelling in the sides of an opening to a wall for a window or door, so that the inside profile of the window is larger than that of the outside).

rare - splendid, excellent, fine + rare (Irish Pronunciation) - rear.

Fiat cars + fiat (l) - let it be, so be it.

autokinesy - self-movement, spontaneous motion + auto - Colloq. abbrev. of automobile + autokineton (gr) - self-moving thing (i.e. automobile).

chubby - round-faced; plump and well-rounded + FDV: Fyat-Fyat shall be our number on the autokinaton and Chubby in his Chuffs oursforownly chuffeur. So come all ye wealthy gentrymen with ladyfulls of fun!

chuff - a cheek swollen or puffed with fat; the buttocks or backside; the anus

chauffeur - a professional or paid driver of a private motor vehicle

Tristan (*T*)

uns - obs. Sc. form of ounce + uns (ger) - us + (notebook 1931): 'tea was waiting for you' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 71: 'When we actually got to the Head there was tea waiting in the coastguard's cottage'.

antron (gr) - cave, grotto; closet + entries

gourmand - one who is over-fond of eating, a glutton; a judge of good eating + cousin-german. 

Percy - the masculine Christian name used, freq. with connotations of weakness or effeminacy, as a representative name for a conscientious objector.

pup - a young dog, a whelp

denounce - to give away information about somebody; to speak out against + announce.

misnomer - a mistake in naming a person or place, a wrong name or designation


Siamese twins - any pair of twins physically united by their tissues + Siamese (cat).

A cat has nine lives (proverb)

tattle - to speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly + (fire).

tir lin tin tin (notebook 1931) Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires 300: Complainte de Saint Louis: 'Un jour, un roi très-chrétien, Tir lin tin tin, De la foi le vrai soutien, Tir lin tin tin' (French song Lament of Saint Louis: 'One day, a very Christian king, Tir lin tin tin, True supporter of the faith, Tir lin tin tin')

Dame Tartine (notebook 1931) Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires 155: Histoire Merveilleuse de Dame Tartine (French song The Marvellous Story of Lady Bread-and-Butter; whose entire life (palace, husband's clothing, daughter's face, daughter's suitor's head, etc.) is made of various sweets) + marmalade.

shortbread - very rich thick butter cookie

marchpane - a kind of confectionery composed of a paste of pounded almonds, sugar, etc., made up into small cakes or moulded into ornamental forms

switch - a long bunch or coil of hair, esp. of false hair worn by women to supplement the natural growth of hair

poire (fr) - pear

sundae - a confection of ice-cream topped or mixed with crushed fruit, nuts, syrup, whipped cream, etc. + Sunday.

cochineal - a scarlet dye-stuff (primarily for fabrics) made of the dried bodies of an insect; the colour of cochineal-dye (i.e. scarlet) + cocoa.

hose - an article of clothing for the leg; breeches, drawers

caramel - the colour of caramel brown; a kind of 'candy' or sweet

briskly - with brisk motion or action; smartly, in reference to dress (obs.) 

BOOTERSTOWN - District, South-East Dublin, on shore road to Blackrock. It was on the Dalkey, Kingstown, and Blackrock tram line. The earliest name was "Ballybothyr," "town of the road," Ir. bothar, angl "booter," "batter," or "boher."


charmeuse - a soft smooth silk fabric, having a satin-like surface

shoes + Chloe (gr) - "Green corn": girl mentioned by Horace in Odes III. 9.

Glykera (gr) - "Sweet": girl mentioned by Horace in three odes + Ulysses.14.1156: 'Glycera or Chloe' (girls in Horace's Odes) + glittering jewels.

ladylike + Lydia (gr) - country in Asia Minor; girl mentioned by Horace in Odes III. 9.

perfumed - impregnated with sweet odour, scented

cigarette - a small cigar made of a little finely-cut tobacco rolled up in thin paper + Cynara - girl mentioned by Horace in his Ode to Venus (Odes IV. 1).

lemonade - a drink made of lemon-juice and water, sweetened with sugar + Verrimst: Rondes et Chansons Populaires 155: Histoire Merveilleuse de Dame Tartine: 'Le grand prince Limonade' (French song The Marvellous Story of Lady Bread-and-Butter: 'the great prince Lemonade') + la monade (fr) - the monad, ultimate unit of being.

graciously - with kindness, friendliness, or gracious condescension

page - a youth employed as the personal attendant of a person of rank

bugle - to sound a bugle; to make a sound like a bugle

coco - the white flesh of the coconut, which may be eaten raw or used grated or dried as an ingredient in cooking

toddle - to walk or run with short unsteady steps, as a child just beginning to walk

stitchwork - work produced by stitching + Stichwort (ger) - cue, keyword, slogan, catch-word.

headiness - rashness, precipitancy; unruliness, obstinacy + highness

luis (Bog Latin) - arm, hand + handsome is as handsome does (proverb) - How one acts is more important than how one looks. For example, 'He may be homely, but he's the kindest man I've ever met--handsome is as handsome does'.

lissome - supple, limber; lithesome; lithe and agile

Cantalamessa - Italian family name (from Italian canta alla messa: sing at the Mass) + Children’s game: ('arch' game) How many miles to Babylon: 'Will I be there by Candlemass?' + Candlemas Day - 2 February (Joyce's birthday).

mayhap - perhaps

St Tib's Eve is never. It is a corruption of St Ubes, and there is none in the calendar (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake). 

Nionon (Bog Latin) - heaven

fomor - in Irish legend, one of a race of pirates or giants, perhaps originally representing the gods of death and darkness + father + Children’s game: ('circle' game) Farmer's den: 'The farmer's in his den, The farmer's in his den, He I Hedy Ho, The farmer's in his den' + farmor (Danish) - paternal grandmother.

mormor (Danish) - maternal grandmother.

hin - him (direct objective) + hin und her (ger) - hither and thither + hin (Irish Pronunciation) - hen.

Parthalon (paralon) (gael) - leader of legendary colonization + parolone (it) - big words, bombastic speech + Paar (German) = paar (Dutch) - pair.

adin - to din; to deafen, stun with noise

'the single month (Yule)' (Joyce's note)

Weib (ger) - woman, wife + Fru (ger, dial.) - woman, wife + fru (Danish) - Mrs. + frøken (Danish) - unmarried woman + T.S. Eliot: Prufrock + wives' frocks full of fun [079.19]

tir lin tin tin (notebook 1931)

'The Holly and the Ivy, Now they are both in bloom, Of all the trees that are in the wood The holly bears the crown' (song) + jolly and the lively.

billy - fellow, comrade, mate; brother

coo - jackdaw; the sound uttered by doves and pigeons + bill and coo - i.e. to kiss or caress and murmur endearments.

crispness - the state or quality of being crisp + Christmas Night + FDV: The jolly and the lively, thou billy with thee coo, for to jog a jig on a crispness night and sing a missal too.

missal - a Roman Catholic book of prayers, esp. when illuminated + Wassail Song: 'sing a wassail too' + mistletoe.

hip - an exclamation used (usually repeated thrice) to introduce a united cheer + Whip Jamboree (a Somerset folk song): 'Whip jamboree, whip jamboree, O you long-tailed black man, poke it up behind me, / Whip jamboree, whip jamboree, O, Jenny, get your oat-cake done'.

black man - a funeral furnisher, an undertaker

polk - to dance the polka + FDV: Hip champouree! Hiphip champouree! O you longtailed blackman, poke it up behind me! Hip champouree! Hiphip, champouree!

Jessie - a cowardly or effeminate man; a male homosexual + Jesse - father of David; also a genealogical tree, tracing the descent of Christ from "the root of Jesse." (jesen is Serbian "autumn") + Polly Put the Kettle On (song): 'Jessie, pass the plumcake round'.  

push (someone) around - to move or cause (someone) to be moved roughly from place to place + FDV: And, jessies, push putsh the pumkik round, Annaliuia!

FDV: Since the days of Roamaloose and Rehmoose the pavanos have been stridend through their Struts struts of Chapelidiseut, the vaulsies have meed and youdled through the purly ooze of Ballybough, many a mismy cloudy has tripped tauntily along that Hercourt hercourt strayed reelwey and Thyme, the chef of seasoners, has made his usual astewte use of endajustibles the rigadoons have held ragtimed revels on the plateauplainof Grangegorman;

Romulus - the founder of Rome

pavan - a grave and stately dance, in which the dancers were elaborately dressed + pavo, pavus (l) - peacock.

strident - making a harsh, grating or creaking noise; loud and harsh + striding.

strut - a manner of walking with stiff steps and head erect, affecting dignity or superiority + streets.

Chapelizod + (West) 4 cardinal points [.20-.24]

valses (fr) - waltz dances

meed - to reward, recompense. In bad sense, to bribe; to deserve, merit (nonce-use)

youdle = yodel - to sing or warble with interchange of the ordinary and falsetto voice, in the manner of Swiss and Tyrolese mountaineers + met and yodelled + me and you.

ooze - the act or fact of oozing; exudation, gentle flow + purlieu - term used of the outlying parts of a place or district. It was a term of the old Forest law, and meant, "a certain territory of ground adjoining unto the forest [which] was once forest-land and afterwards disafforested by the perambulations made for the severing of the new forests from the old."  

BALLYBOUGH - Road, bridge over Tolka River, North-East Dublin, and name of surrounding area between Summerhill and Fairview. Vitriol works at Ballybough Bridge were operated by the Dublin and Wicklow Manure Co, Ltd. Baile bocht, Ir. "poortown."  

Miss McCloud's Reel (song) James Joyce, Dubliners: 'Clay': 'Mrs. Donnelly played Miss McCloud's Reel'.

daintily - elegantly, gracefully, neatly, deftly + FDV: many a mismy cloudy has tripped tauntily along that Hercourt hercourt strayed reelwey

strayed - that has gone astray

railway + Miss McCloud's Reel (song) + Harcourt Street Railway Station, Dublin (its tracks lead Southwards).

rigadoon - a lively and somewhat complicated dance for two persons, formerly in vogue

ragtime - a musical rhythm characterized by a syncopated melodic line and regularly-accented accompaniment, evolved among American Negro musicians in the 1890s; hence, music (esp. for the banjo and piano) of this character, the immediate precursor of jazz.

revel - an occasion or course of merry-making or noisy festivity, with dancing, games, masking, acting, or other forms of lively entertainment

GRANGEGORMAN - Townland and former village in North-West Dublin, including North-East part of Phoenix Park.

FDV: and though since then sterlings and guineas have been replaced by brooks and lions and some progress has been made on stilths and the races have come and gone and Thyme, the that chef of seasoners, has made his usual astewte use of endadjustables and whatnot willbe isnor was those danceadeils and cancanzanies have come stimmering down for our begayment through the deafdom bedeafdom of pa's po's teapucs greats, the obecity of pa's teapucs, as lithe as limb free limber as when momie played at ma.

sterling - the English silver penny of the Norman and subsequent dynasties. Often in pound of sterlings, originally a pound weight of silver pennies, afterwards a name for the English pound (240 pence) as a money of account + In an interview with John Joyce, printed by Maria Jolas in A Joyce Yearbook, we read: "I won the election in Dublin and I was the man that put in Maurice Brooks and Lyons, and put out Arthur Guiness (sic) as he was then, the sitting member, and of course Sterling, who was going up with Guiness (sic) never got in."

guinea - an English gold coin, not coined since 1813, first struck in 1663 with the nominal value of 20s., but from 1717 until its disappearance circulating as legal tender at the rate of 21s + Joyce's father was secretary of United Liberal Club in Dublin during 1880 general election; the Liberal candidates, Maurice Brookes and Dr Robert Dyer Lyons, ousted the Conservatives, Sir Arthur E. Guinness and James Stirling (mentioned in Ellmann: James Joyce 16-17).

lion - a gold coin current in Scotland down to the reign of James VI

thyme - a plant of the genus Thymus, comprising shrubby herbs with fragrant aromatic leaves, found chiefly in the Mediterranean region

chef - the man who presides over the kitchen of a large household; a head cook

seasoner - something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts + seasoner (Slang) - person in the fashion.

astute - of keen penetration or discernment, esp. in regard to one's own interests + (stew made with left-overs).

adjustable - capable of being adjusted + indigestibles.

whatnot - anything whatever; everything; 'anything and everything'; 'all sorts of things'; a thing or person that may be variously named or described (rare.)

willbe - a person or thing that will be but is not yet; one whose career or efficiency belongs to the future

deil - The Devil; a mischievously wicked or troublesome fellow + daffodils.

cancan - a kind of dance made popular at the public balls in Paris, with extravagant and indecent gestures + zany - a comic performer attending on a clown, acrobat, or mountebank, who imitates his master's acts in a ludicrously awkward way + canzoni (it) - songs.

stimmer - to move about irregularly + Stimme (ger) - voice + simmering - cooking in a boiling liquid.

beguilement - an entertainment that provokes pleased interest and distracts you from worries and vexations

bedeaf - to deafen + deaf and dumb + deaf/blind,

Po (ger) - buttocks + po (Slang) - chamberpot + posterns + FDV: through the deafdom bedeafdom of pa's po's teapucs greats, the obecity of pa's teapucs,

obcaecate - blinded; blind + obcaecitas (l) - blindness (about something) + obesity + opacity.


lithe - gracefully slender; moving and bending with ease

limber - capable of moving or bending freely

momos (gr) - blame, disgrace + mammy

mum - to make an inarticulate sound with closed lips, indicating inability to speak + FDV: as lithe as limb free limber as when momie played at ma.

ma - a childish and colloquial shortening of mamma

FDV: Such Just so stylled are their petals are each of all has a stalk unto herself love and all of all of their understamens is as open as she he can posably feel it she and turned tournasoled straightout or sidewaist according to the courses of things [feminite] towooerds him, their lord & stigmatiser, that they may catchcup in those these chalicettes calyzettes the those parryshoots from his one muscalone pistil, (O my goodness goodmiss! O my gracious graceness greatness! O my pricelestly preshoes!) as while dewyfally as dumbelles they allisten to his elixir. 

styll - obs. form of style + styled - Of a person's hair: professionally arranged, cut, or set + stilus, stylus (l) - pen, literary stile.

natte (fr) - plait (a contexture of three or more interlaced strands of hair, ribbon, straw, or any cord-like substance; esp. a braided tress of hair) + natte (Danish) - night + Carl Böhm: song Still wie die Nacht (part of John McCormack's repertoire).

flowerhead - an inflorescence consisting of a close cluster of sessile florets + flower head - a shortened compact cluster of flowers so arranged that the whole gives the effect of a single flower.

stamen - Bot. The male or fertilizing organ of a flowering plant, consisting of two parts, the anther, which is a double-celled sac containing the pollen, and the filament, a slender footstalk supporting the anther + understatement - a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said.

turnsole - a plant of which the flowers or leaves turn so as to follow the sun; a heliotrope + tournesol (fr) - heliotrope, sunflower.

straight cut - cut on straight lines + FDV: as open as she he can posably feel it she and turned tournasoled straightout or sidewaist

sidewise - in an indirect manner, indirectly; directed towards one side, sideward

coursette - corset + courses

feminine - characteristic of, peculiar or proper to women

heliolatry - worshipping the sun

kalyx (gr) - seed-pod, cup of a flower + Calze (it) means socks, so calzette means small/cute socks + chalices + FDV: that they may catchcup in those these chalicettes calyzettes the those parryshoots from his one muscalone pistil,

als (ger) - as

trope - (v.) to introduce (a trope) as an embellishment; to embellish with a trope or tropes + trope (n.) - the 'turning' of the sun at the tropic; any figure of speech in which a word is used nonliterally; a short series of words added as an embellishment to the text of the mass or divine office, to be sung by the choir.


musca (l) - a fly + masculine + The black mass is suggested by the image of Shaun's sperm being caught by the girls in their cups or ''calyzettes.'' (David Hayman)

pistil - the female organ of a flower, situated (one or more) in the centre, and comprising (in its complete form) the ovary, style, and stigma + pistol

espy - to catch sight of + I Spy with My Little Eye (Children’s game) + (notebook 1931): 'saw through him' → Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 332: (quoting a Swedish father telling his son about his own father's concealed respect for Swedenborg) 'I saw through my good old father'.

selfcolour - the natural colour + {Chuff can see their drawer colours [as Glugg could not]}

nevertheless - notwithstanding; none the less

tissue paper - a very thin soft gauze-like unsized paper, used for wrapping delicate articles, for covering engravings or other illustrations in books, as copying-paper, etc. + (notebook 1931): 'tissue papers dresses'.

Children's game: Mulberry Bush ('circle' game)

appling - the process of forming an apple or similar growth

and so on

leicht - light (obs.)

'My goodness, my Guinness!' (advert, 1930s)

pricelessly + FDV: (O my goodness goodmiss! O my gracious graceness greatness! O my pricelestly preshoes!)


dewy - covered or wet with dew; falling gently, vanishing, as the dew (poetic.); innocent and trusting, naïve + dutifully - out of a sense of duty.

The dumb-bell - the mathematical sign for infinity - is, of course, an especially suitable symbol for Joyce's immortal but empty-headed and vulgar flower girls (Hart, Clive / Structure and motif in Finnegans wake) + Ding Dong Bell (nursery rhyme) + Jumbo said to Alice (song): "I love you".

lovely! (notebook 1931) + love elixir (drunk by Tristan and Isolde).

FDV: Enchainted, sweet dear Stainusless, dearer dearest, we herehear thee, aboutobuds thee salutant Pattren of our unschoold, deliverer of softmissives, send us a wise and letters play of all you canceive of from your holy post. Sweetstaker, we toutes were drawpairs so want lotteries of ticklets. Will bee all buzzy us a one another again minmie for you are pollen yourself. We feel unspeechably thoughtless over it all so please kindly communicake with the original sinse we are only learning yearning how to burgeon. It was milliems of centiments dead lost or mislaid on them but bub we can change in the bite of a napple so long as we can see your quick. Behose, our handmades for to the lured! To these nunce we are yours in ammatures but well come that day we shall ope to be ores. No more hoaxites! No more gifting in memnage!

Stainusless - Father Noon says, St Stanislaus Kosta, Confessor, a young Polish noble, model of religious perfection. Joyce joins on his atheist brother Stanislaus Joyce + stainless

confessor - a priest who hears confession of sin, prescribes penance, and grants absolution

bloss (ger) - bare + blossom + FDV: we herehear thee, aboutobuds thee salutant

O coelicola te salutamus/salutant (l) - O inhabitant of heaven we/they salute thee + (notebook 1923): 'honor of coelicolae'. 

pattern (Anglo-Irish) - religious gathering on feast day of a patron saint (from English 'patron') + patron.

Unschuld (ger) - innocence, purity, virginity

pageantmaster - master of a scene acted on the stage; spec. one scene or act of a mediæval mystery play + (notebook 1930): 'pageant master'.

billet doux (fr) - little love letter (literally 'soft missive')

round the world in 40 posts (notebook 1930) → Jules Verne: Around the World in Eighty Days.

balmy - deliciously soft and soothing

Barnaboy - Irish place name (literally 'yellow gap') + barua (Kiswahili) - letter + barn (Norwegian) - child.

chapa (Kiswahili) - stamp

panpipe - a primitive wind instrument consisting of several parallel pipes bound together

put away - to put (out of one's hands or immediate use) into a receptacle for safe keeping + cutaway - a man's coat cut diagonally from the waist to the back of the knees.

gab borab (Bearlagair Na Saer) - clerical student

tasty - pleasing to the taste

Donegal - county in the north-west of Ireland [gael. Dun na nGall (dun nu noul) - Fort of the Foreigners] + Father O'Flynn (song): 'in all Donegal'.

adorable - worthy of worship or divine honour; charming, delightful

''Green wasn't over-blessed with good manners.''

arise and let us pray

conceive (of the Holy Ghost) + FDV: send us a wise and letters play of all you canceive of from your holy post.

ceilteach (kyelt'okh) (gael) - denying, concealing + Ceilteach (kyelt'okh) (gael) - Celt, Celtic + cetech (Bog Latin) - hermit, ecclesiastic.

chappy - given to using the chaps, talkative

ascertain - to learn or discover with certainty 

ceremonially - in a ceremonial manner; in relation to ceremonies or the ceremonial law [(notebook 1930): 'ceremonially' → Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 15: 'if one of these outcaste purchasers had gone too near that shop, no Hindu could have patronized it until its polluted contents had been destroyed and it had been ceremonially cleansed, for which again the priest would have to be paid'].

unclean (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 15: 'Outcastes, from the moment they are born until they die, are "unclean." They are so unclean that their proximity, much more their touch, pollutes'.

outcaste - outside caste; of no caste + (notebook 1930): 'outcastes'   Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 16: 'That high-caste lady would genuinely believe that she had been made unclean, that her ceremonial purity had been besmirched, by the propinquity of those unclean outcastes if they had dared to come too near to her'.

leperstown (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 17: (of outcastes) 'Like the lepers, they have to live outside towns and villages'.

karma (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 16: 'we must not suppose that Hindus avoid pollution merely because of the trouble and expense which it causes. To the orthodox it really matters. It has for them "the nature of sin." It affects their karma, and, therefore, their status in their next life' + karnan (Shelta) - dungheap, rubbish heap + Carmanhall - townland north of Leopardstown, County Dublin.

Loki - Norse god of mischief and evil, who contrived the death of Balder

intercourse (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 22: 'Assuming that the outcastes were aborigines, difference of race, difference of colour, difference of food, difference of customs and culture, and the aversion such differences produce, easily account for their exclusion from the castes (i.e. from Aryan or Dravidian society), and for the prohibition of intercourse with them... The determination to keep their race pure and dominant led the Hindu lawgivers... to prevent for all time any kind of social intercourse between their people and people of other races, including outcastes'.

pollute at 90 yds (notebook 1930) A Brahman in Malabar is polluted if an outcaste comes within ninety paces of him, but a man a litter lower is not polluted if the outcaste keeps fifty paces away (WS Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era).

untouchable - defiling to the touch (especially used in traditional Hindu belief of the lowest caste or castes) + (notebook 1930): 'untouchable' Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 23: '"What crimes," exclaimed Mr. Ghandi, "have we not been guilty of towards our untouchable brethren!"'.

scarecrow - a device for frightening birds from growing crops, usually a figure of a man dressed in old and ragged clothes

pueritia (l) - boyhood, childhood; innocence + (notebook 1930): 'I am pure (ter)' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 23: (quoting from 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CXXV, where the deceased is addressing Osiris) 'I am pure. I am pure. I am pure. I am pure'.

stinking - Used as a vague epithet connoting intense disgust and contempt + (notebook 1930): 'stinking members' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 24: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CXXV, where the names of the Forty-Two gods in the Hall of Maāti are listed) 'Neha-hāu means "Stinking-members"'.

amanti (it) - lovers + (notebook 1930): 'Amenit' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 23: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CXXV, where the Hall of Maāti and its inhabitants are described) 'the monster Āmemit, the Eater of the Dead, i.e., of the hearts of the wicked who were condemned in the Judgment of Osiris' + Khenti-Amenti, or Kenti-Amentiu - a divine name or title from Ancient Egyptian mythology. It means 'Foremost of the Westerners' or 'Chief or the Westerners', where 'Westerners' refers to the dead. Khenti-Amentiu was the name of a jackal-headed deity, most likely associated with Anubis, at Abydos in Upper Egypt, who stood guard over the city of the dead. This god is attested early at Abydos, perhaps even earlier than the unification of Egypt at the start of the Old Kingdom period. The name appears on the necropolis seals for the first dynasty pharaohs Den and Qa'a, and a temple dating back to pre-dynastic times was founded in Abydos for this god.

belle mani, petit peton (fr) - beautiful hands, small feet 

Amenhotep I, II, III, IV - Pharaohs of the 18th dynasty + "the boundless daemon sultan Azathoth, whose name no lips dare speak aloud, and who gnaws hungrily in inconceivable, unlighted chambers beyond time amidst the muffled, maddening beating of vile drums and the thin, monotonous whine of accursed flutes; to which detestable pounding and piping dance slowly, awkwardly, and absurdly the gigantic Ultimate gods, the blind, voiceless, tenebrous, mindless Other gods whose soul and messenger is the crawling chaos Nyarlathotep." (H. P. Lovecraft: The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath)

his members deified (notebook 1930) Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 38: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. XLII) 'In Chapter XLII every member of the deceased is put under the protection of, or identified with, a god or goddess, e.g., the hair with Nu, the face with Aten (i.e., the solar disk), the eyes with Hathor'.

Amen-Ra - Egyptian sun god, supreme god of the universe in whom Amen and Ra were merged and principal deity during Theban supremacy (XVIII dynasty → When the army of the founder of the Eighteenth dynasty expelled the Hyksos rulers from Egypt, the victor's city of origin, Thebes, became the most important city in Egypt, the capital of a new dynasty).

cuticura (reversed) - skin-care + Cuticura and Harlene, cosmetics firms "reversed" to give an ancient Egyptian atmosphere. When Isis sought Osiris, and then again when she mummified him, she had the help of her sister Nephthys. The power of the two sisters was considerable, for it was believed that their prayerful weeping and magical formulas had done much to effect the rebirth of the god their brother (Mark L. Troy).

youngling - a young person, young man

demano (l) - to flow down, to descend + demani (Kiswahili) - spring in East Africa (August-November) + demain (fr) - tomorrow.

masika (Kiswahili) - autumn in East Africa (March-May, rain season) + magical.

yere - repr. a dial. (esp. U.S.) or vulgar pronunc. of here + of yore - of old, in time long past, anciently, formerly.

baraza - a place of public audience or reception + baraza (Kiswahili) - veranda.

aflower - flowering, blooming

siker = sicker - in which one can put reliance, confidence, or trust; certain, sure + seeker + siku (Kiswahili) - day.

calmy - characterized by calm; tranquil, peaceful + palmy - fig. Bearing or worthy to 'bear the palm', triumphant, flourishing; esp. in palmy state (a Shaksperian phrase), palmy days.

as sure as sure can be (phrase)

bread and butter - of or pertaining to the age when bread-and-butter is extensively consumed; boyish, girlish; esp. school-girlish

brood (Dutch) - bread + broad.

Baile Atha Cliath - Dublin + cliath (Bog Latin) - cleric.

cluck - an imitation of the abrupt hollow guttural sound made by a hen desiring to sit, or calling her brood together + clock + luck.

cackler - one who cackles, a fowl; fig. a tell-tale, tattler + Great Cackler or Geb (formerly erroneously read as Seb) or Qeb - husband of Nut, father of Osiris, Isis, Set + (notebook 1930): 'great Cackler' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 38: (of the deceased) 'His life was that of the Egg of the "Great Cackler"' + REFERENCE

sweepstake - one who 'sweeps', or takes the whole of the stakes in a game; usually fig. one who takes or appropriates everything

Abelian - a member of a small sect of ancient heretics in the north of Africa, stated by Augustine to have lived in continence after marriage, after the alleged example of 'the righteous Abel' + Peter Abelard (1079-1142) - scholastic. Heloise was his pupil, love, correspondent. 

slickly - with superficial plausibility

toute - the buttocks, posteriors + toutes (fr) - all (feminine plural) + FDV: Sweetstaker, we toutes were drawpairs so want lotteries of ticklets.

Philomela - a poetic name for the nightingale. In later use always as proper name, with capital P, usually with reference to the ancient myth of Philomela, girl violated by her brother-in-law, Tereus, and metamorphosed into a nightingale + philomelos (gr) - fond of apples or fruit.

Magdalene - a harlot restored to purity and elevated to saintship by repentance and faith; the name of a kind of peach

wear pair of drawers

pinmark - a circular impression on the side of a piece of type, made by part of the mould used in casting [(notebook 1931): '2 pin marks' Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 93: (cross-examination of Edith Thompson by the Solicitor-General) 'I think you will see there has been something attached to that piece of paper. There are distinctly two pin marks there'] + Tristan died at Cliff of the Penmarks (Penmarc'h).

B.V.D. - a proprietary name for a type of lightweight, long underwear for men, popular in the first half of the twentieth century

lottery tickets

posthaste - with the speed of a post; with all possible haste or expedition + postmortem.

you appreciate that (notebook 1931) Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 93: (cross-examination of Edith Thompson by the Solicitor-General) 'And a special risk to send you something to make your husband ill. You appreciate that?'

Isabel - greyish yellow; a kind of fancy pigeon, a small variety of the Pouter

verily - in deed, fact, or reality; really, truly

dandy - finely, splendidly

ise (ishi) (gael) - she (emphatic) + bile (bili) (gael) - sacred tree + deshabillé (fr) - undressed.

wayward - wrongheaded, self-willed; froward, perverse; erratic

missive - a written message; a letter. Now usually, either denoting an official letter, or used as a somewhat high-flown equivalent of 'letter'.

take off - to go off, start off, run away

willfully - in a willful manner; purposely, intentionally


offence - a breach of law, duty, propriety, or etiquette; a transgression, sin, wrong, misdemeanour, or misdeed

shudder - a convulsive tremor of the body occasioned by fear, repugnance, or chill + Campbell: Lochiel's Warning: 'Coming events cast their shadows before'.

thou it + Thoth - Egyptian god of wisdom and scholarship.

suspense - a state of mental uncertainty, with expectation of or desire for decision, and usually some apprehension or anxiety; the condition of waiting, esp. of being kept waiting, for an expected decision, assurance, or issue; less commonly, a state of uncertainty what to do, indecision.

shrinking - recoiling physically, mentally, or morally from what is difficult or distasteful

sensitive = sensitiva (Italian) - a shrub (Mimosa pudica) possessing a high degree of irritability, causing the leaflets of the bipinnate leaves to fold together at the slightest touch + sensitiva (l) - one who is sensitive.

angelet - a little angel, a cherub; fig. a pretty child

brick - the colour of brick; brick-red

fauve - a member of a movement in painting, chiefly associated with Henri Matisse (1869-1954), which flourished in Paris from 1905, and which is mainly characterized by a vivid use of colour; Hence (as adj.), of a bright or vivid colour + fauve (fr) - fawn (sort of dull orange).

jonquil - a species of Narcissus (N. Jonquilla), having long linear leaves and spikes of fragrant white and yellow flowers; a pale yellow colour like that of the jonquil.

sprig of (green) vegetation

fleet - a number of vessels in company, especially war vessels; swift in motion + (marine blue).

nocturne - Painting. A night-piece, night-scene + (indigo).

Smiling through (song) + violet bruise.

Swedenborg discusses angels' garments in Heaven and Hell

Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 80: 'those constant (what a word - what an acknowledgment - constant!) temptations'.

Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 103: 'Whole hours are passed by the fair penitent in thus speaking to her Father Confessor'.

auld lang syne - 'old long-since,' old long-ago

elvish - like an elf in behaviour; spiteful, cross-grained, peevish + selfishness.

befall - to fall out in the course of events, to happen, occur

whilst - during that time, meanwhile; till, until

disrobe - to divest oneself of clothing, to undress

beseifen (ger) - to soap + bisi (Bog Latin) - fingers + busy fingers.

Satan finds work for idle hands to do (proverb)

draw a veil over - to hide or conceal, to refrain from discussing or dealing with, to hush up or keep from public knowledge + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 199: 'But what shall we say of woman? Draw a veil!... a veil as oblivion'.

peach - to blab, divulge; to inform against an accomplice, to turn informer + Buddha did not wish to preach the law but was persuaded by Brahma + We Don't Want to Fight, but, by Jingo, If We Do (song).

wie ernst (ger) - how seriously

myriadth - that is a very minute (properly, a ten-thousandth) part of a whole + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 154: 'please ask them, when they come again to confess, how many months or years have passed away since their last love affair with a confessor'.

bashfulness - feeling embarrassed due to modesty

tup - Of the ram: To copulate with (the ewe); also transf. (coarse slang), of a man: to copulate with (a woman).

colp - a blow + Mea culpa, mea culpa, mea maxima culpa (l) - Through my fault, through my fault, through my very great fault (the opening line of the Confiteor, the general confession of sins).

hold (or run) with the hare and run (or hunt) with the hounds - to try to keep in with both sides; to play a double part + Aesop's fable of the hare and the tortoise.

mus = muss - mouth + mus (l) - mouse + muss (ger) - must, necessity + mus (Bearlagair Na Saer) - personality.

kicky - clever, lively; provoking, teasing, annoying; exciting, lively [(notebook 1931): 'kicky'].

lacey = lacy - consisting of, or having the appearance of, lace + (lace panties) + *I*

verge (Slang) - penis + virgin + perverted.

bianca (it) - white (feminine)

mutandini (it) - drawers, panties + *J* 

conversa (l) - turned around, returned; a woman who is turned around or who has returned + conversa (it) - lay sister + obverse.

drew - pa. tense of draw (v.)

full length - the entire length or extension of any object

Wellington + vellen - skins, hides, sheets (of paper).

finish - the conclusion, last stage, termination + furst = first.

Herzog (ger) - duke + van (Dutch) - of.

my other

ravin - beast of pray; raven + *J*

cousin + Kusine (ger) - female cousin + cosine - ratio of the adjacent side to the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle + dove's coo.


chancer - one who takes chances or does risky things + *VYC*

we others (after Bonaparte)

myth - to show

wholesale - having an extensive application; unlimited or indiscriminate in range

assumption - a supposition, postulate; the taking upon oneself of a form or character, the form or character assumed

nowt = nought - good for nothing, worthless, useless + she's nought without me.

weam = wame - the belly, abdomen; the womb, uterus + we am.

smithereens - small fragments, atoms

Robinson + robin's song.

yunesse - youth + Jones.

nutzlos (ger) - useless, unprofitable + Nut - Egyptian sky-goddess. She was originally the goddess of the nighttime sky, but eventually became referred to as simply the sky goddess. Her headdress was the hieroglyphic of part of her name, a pot, which may also symbolize the uterus. The ancient Egyptians said that every woman was a nutrit, a little goddess. Mostly depicted in human form, Nut was also sometimes depicted in the form of a cow whose great body formed the sky and heavens, a sycamore tree, or as a giant sow, suckling many piglets (representing the stars). Originally, Nut was said to be laying on top of Geb (Earth) and continually having intercourse.

stoop - Of a person: To lower the body by inclining the trunk or the head and shoulders forward, sometimes bending the knee at the same time.

duel - a regular fight between two persons; a single combat

trial - a group or set of three, a triad

earwax - a viscid secretion which collects in the external meatus of the ear + earwig + here's.

sur - obs. form of sir + sur (Danish) - sour.

surdus (l) = sourd (fr) - deaf.

dum-dum bullet - a metal-cased bullet with a soft core uncovered at the point, which expands on impact

Iris - Greek rainbow-goddess

rifler - a soldier armed with a rifle; formerly the name of a member of certain specially raised regiments or companies + Irish Rifles (Slang) - small combs + Irish Rifles regiment.

jinnyjos (Anglo-Irish) - airborne seeds (e.g. dandelion's) + jinnies [008.31]

caro carissimus (l) - dearest flesh, most precious body + caro (l) - face + caro (it) - dear; expensive + carissimo (it) - very dear; very expensive.

swarm - to collect, assemble, or congregate thickly and confusedly; to crowd, throng

mellispondeo (l) - to honey-swear, to honey-promise, to honey-pledge + mel (l) - honey + spondere (l) - to pledge + Hellespontos (gr) - Sea of Helle (who was drowned in it): modern Dardanelles (Leander also drowned here while swimming to his love, Hero).

buzzy - buzzing + busy.

minutes + Minne (ger) - love.

fuld (Danish) - full, drunk + FDV: Will bee all buzzy us a one another again minmie for you are pollen yourself.

timeo (l) - I fear, I am afraid + Dio mio! (it) - my God! + Teo (Bog Latin) - God.

Daur (Bog Latin) - God

unspeakably - unutterably, indescribably + Buddha preached the law at Gazelle Park.

thoughtless - not taking thought, acting without thought or reflection; unreflecting, heedless

bamboo - a genus of giant-grasses numerous species of which are common throughout the tropics + bimbo (Hungarian) - bud + bimbo (it) - boy, male baby, child + Buddha, when established as 'The Master', lived in the Bamboo Wood.


sinse (Irish Pronunciation) - sense + since + Original Sin.

yearning - intense longing or desire + FDV: We feel unspeechably thoughtless over it all so please kindly communicake with the original sinse we are only learning yearning how to burgeon.

burgeon - to bud or sprout; to begin to grow + begin

mille (l, fr) - thousand

sentiment - tender, romantic, or nostalgic feeling or emotion + centum (l) - a hundred + cent (fr) - hundred + centimes (fr) - hundredth parts of a franc, cents.

mislay - to lay (a thing) by accident in a place where it cannot readily be found + dead, lost or mislaid.

King of Snakes encircled and warmed the Buddha

slough - skin shed by a snake or other reptile; to cast off hair, skin, horn, or feathers

nip - a fragment, little bit; a pinch with the nails or teeth + FDV: It was milliems of centiments dead lost or mislaid on them but bub we can change in the bite of a napple so long as we can see your quick.

nipple + snake/apple (Genesis)

dead certain - absolutely certain

quick - transf. of things (esp. immaterial things): The central, vital, or most important part + II Timothy 4:1: 'the quick and the dead'.

aye - As an affirmative response to a question: Yes; even so + Matthew 5:38: 'an eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth' (also Exodus 21:24) + Buddha's story of Visvamitra's lost children, who were recognised by their eyes.

beg the question - to take for granted the matter in dispute, to assume without proof + questus (l) - a complaint + questua (it) - begging, collection.

luteus (l) - yellow + Buddha played lute while teaching.

Buddha's begging bowl

tingling - a thrilling, stinging, or smarting sensation; a continued light ringing sound of a small bell or the like + tickling - method of catching trout.

tangle - to twist together or entwine into a confusing mass

ticement = enticement - the action of alluring or attracting; attractive quality, fascination

ma chère (fr) - my dear (feminine)

to be off - a graphic expression for 'to go at once, take oneself off'

cauda - a tail-like appendage + sursum corda (l) - hearts upward, lift up your hearts + sursum cauda (l) - tail up!

handmade - made by hand + handmaid - a female personal attendant or servant + According to Plutarch, Isis had not recovered the phallus of Osiris, rather she herself "hand-made" an imitation + Luke 1:38: 'Behold the handmaid of the Lord' (Angelus) + FDV: Behose, our handmades for to the lured!

nuns + for the nonce - for the occasion; hence (in modern use), for the time being.

amateur + amatory - pertaining to love-making + amma (Hebrew) - maid + FDV: To these nunce we are yours in ammatures but well come that day we shall ope to be ores.

welcome (that day we shall hope to be whores)

hoax - something intended to deceive + Hochzeit (ger) - marriage, wedding [.16]

gifte (Danish) - to give in marriage, to marry off + giving in marriage + FDV: No more hoaxites! No more gifting in memnage!

mennage = manage - an enclosed space for the training of saddle-horses and for the practice of horsemanship; a riding-school + ménage (fr) - housekeeping, household, married couple.

Vania - diminutive of Ivan (equivalent to Shaun) + Vanitas, vanitas vanitatum, omne vanitas (l) - Vanity, vanity of vanities, all [is] vanity (Ecclesiastes 1:2).

Domine (l) - O Lord

high time - elated, merry, hilarious (time) + Hochzeit (ger) - marriage, wedding (literally 'hightime') + it's high time - i.e. the time that something is due (bordering on overdue) to be done + time is up (phrase) + {Marriage is up and down and out Rainbow girls look forward to their sexual freedom; they dance away}

down and out (phrase) - lacking funds, resources, or prospects; destitute + FDV: Highttime is up: be it down into us outs according!

according - agreeing in nature or action + The Angelus (Latin for Angel) is a Christian devotion in memory of the Incarnation. The Angelus originated with the 11th century monastic custom of reciting three Hail Marys during the evening bell (6:00 pm). "Ecce Ancilla Domini. / Fiat mihi secundum Verbum tuum": Behold the handmaid (servant) of the Lord. / Be it done unto me according to your Word. (Luke 1:38) + REFERENCE

vermin - any of various small animals or insects that are pests, e.g. cockroaches or rats + votes for women [.19] [243.36] + (corpse).

as well

feed - food (for cattle); Also, food, fare (for human beings). U.S. colloq. 

fett (ger) - fat, grease + FDV: When there shall be votes for foods for vermin as full as feeds for the fett, eat on hearth as there's hot in oven.

hot - hot condition, heat (obs.) + Hosea 7:4-7: 'They are all adulterers, as an oven heated by the baker... They are all hot as an oven, and have devoured their judges'.

oven (Slang) - vagina, uterus + Lord's Prayer: 'On Earth as it is in Heaven'.

kleitoris (gr) - clitoris + Clytia, or Clytie, was a water nymph, daughter of Oceanus and Tethys in Greek mythology. She was loved by Apollo. Apollo, having loved her, abandoned her for Leucothea and left her deserted. She was so angered by his treatment that she told Leucothoe's father, Orchamus, about the affair. Since Apollo had defiled Leucothoe, Orchamus had her put to death by burial alive in the sands. Clytie had wanted Apollo back and had wanted to win him back by taking away his new love, but her actions only hardened Apollo's heart against her. She sat naked, with neither food nor drink, for nine days on the rocks, staring at the sun, Apollo, and mourning his departure. After nine days, the suffering turned her yellow and brown, and she was transformed into a sunflower (some researchers claim heliotrope or marigold), which turns its head always to look longingly at Apollo's chariot of the sun. This story is told in Ovid's Metamorphoses, 4.

scullery - the department of a household concerned with the care of the plates, dishes, and kitchen utensils; Hence, scullery maid + meid (Dutch) - maid, girl.

yard (Slang) - penis + cullions (Slang) - testicles + scullion - a domestic servant of the lowest rank in a household who performed the menial offices of the kitchen.

Stimme (ger) - voice, vote + stimmen (ger) - to tune (i.e. her upright piano) + Stimmrecht (ger) - suffrage (literally 'voiceright' or 'right to raise one's voice') + {When every scullerymaid shall hold the same rights as a yard scullion}.

upright (Slang) - sex performed standing + oprecht (Dutch) - sincere + rechtop (Dutch) - erect.

whomsoever - whatever person or persons; any one who, or any who + whim (Slang) = quim (Slang) - vulva.

whather (Ulster Pronunciation) - whether + FDV: When every litty Klitty of a scolderymaid shall hold every yardscullion's right to stimm her uprecht for himsoever, whetter in on privates, whatter in publics.

Roman Catholic + cathole - a hole in a wall, door, etc., large enough to let a cat through + Caitilin (kat'ilin) (gael) - fem. personal name, from Greek Katherine.

emancipated + amans (l) - lover + FDV: And when all once us romance catholeens shall have all amanseprated. And the world is maidfree.

methinks - it seems to me


begotten - generated by procreation + gytt (Archaic) - get.

till - to draw, attract, persuade; to entice, allure, coax; to win over + FDV: So tell Coquette to tell Cockette to teach Connie Curley to touch Cattie Hare and tap Carminia to tip La Cherie though where the diggings he dwells amongst us here's nobody knows save Mary.

coquette - a woman (more or less young), who uses arts to gain the admiration and affection of men, merely for the gratification of vanity or from a desire of conquest, and without any intention of responding to the feelings aroused; a flirt.

cocotte (fr) - whore

connie = cony - a rabbit + cunnus (l) - cunt.

hayr (Armenian) - father

carmina (l) - songs, poems

tap - to make a solicitation or entreaty for something; Slang. To deflower (a girl)

cherie - obs. form of cherry + la chérie (fr) - the beloved (feminine).

diggings - lodgings, quarters + the dickens! - an interjectional exclamation expressing astonishment, impatience, irritation, etc.; usually with interrogative words, as what, where, how, why, etc. 

amongst = among + The Incarnation (from Latin: in = in or into, caro, carnis = flesh) represents the belief that Jesus, who is the non-created second hypostasis of the triune God, took on a human body and nature and became both man and God. In the Bible its clearest teaching is in John 1:14: "And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us."

Nobody Knows the Troubles I've Seen (song): 'and nobody knows but Jesus' + The Incarnation is the belief in Christianity that the second person in the Christian Godhead, also known as God the Son or the Logos (Word), "became flesh" when he was miraculously conceived in the womb of the Virgin Mary. The Incarnation is commemorated and celebrated each year at Christmas.

whyfor - on account of or because of which; in consequence or as a result of which + FDV: Whyfor we go round ringing hands in hands in gyrogyrorondo.

gyro- - ring, circle, spiral + gyro (l) - to turn around in a circle + roro (l) - to drop dew + rotundus (l) - circular, round + giro giro tondo (it) - first words of Italian equivalent of nursery rhyme 'Ring-a-ring o'roses'.

FDV: These bright elects they were waltzing up their willside with their princesome handsome angeline chief chipff chiuff while in those wherebus there wont helds way oaths and screams and bawley groans with a belchybubhub and a hellabelow bedemmed and bediabbled the arimaining lucisphere. Lonedom's breach lay foulend up incouth not be brooched by punns and reedles. Yet the ring gayed rund rorosily with a drat you for a brat you. And you wonna make one of our micknick party. For poor Glugger was dazed and late in his crave, i.e. ayhe ay he, laid in his grave.

elect - one 'chosen' by God, esp. one chosen for eternal salvation; one that has been chosen for an office or function + bride elect - one chosen for marriage.

consent - voluntary agreement to or acquiescence in what another proposes or desires + consorted - associated, leagued; united as consorts + (notebook 1931): 'prince consort'.

waltz - to dance a waltz; to move lightly, trippingly, or nimbly

hillside - the lateral slope of a hill

winsome - pleasing or attractive in appearance, handsome, comely

chuff - a rustic, boor, clown, churl; Generally applied opprobriously, with a fitting epithet, to any person disliked + ciuffo (it) - forelock; tuft + FDV: chief chipff chiuff

Erebus (l) - god of darkness; the lower world + wherabouts.

mearing - a boundary (between two farms, bogs or fields) + meaning.

seethe - to boil; to make or keep boiling hot + Macalister's The Secret Languages of Ireland 34, translates a sentence from Bearlagair Na Saer as 'I saw pigeons bringing fire to boil meat at Dublin'.

viand - pl. Articles of food; provisions, victuals

miry - abounding in mire, muddy; dirty, defiled; despicable + merry hell.


so forth

bawley - a fishing-smack peculiar to the coasts of Essex and Kent + Children’s game: ('circle' game) Oats, peas, beans and barley grow.

Beelzebub - the Devil + hubbub - a confused noise of a multitude shouting or yelling.

hullabaloo - tumultuous noise or clamour; uproar; clamorous confusion

dem - to damn

diable - devil

Ormazd and Ahriman - supreme gods of the Zoroastrian religion; good and evil, their conflict is forever + remaining.

Lucifer - the rebel archangel whose fall from heaven was supposed to be referred to in Isa. xiv. 12; Satan, the Devil

lonedom - solitariness + Children’s game: London Bridge Is Falling Down.

breach - the breaking of a command, rule, engagement, duty, or of any legal or moral bond or obligation + fouled breeches.

uncouth - unknown; Of places: Not commonly known or frequented + and could not.

broch = broach - to give vent or publicity to; to give out; to begin conversation or discussion about, introduce, moot + brocher (fr) - to stitch + bridged.

pins and needles - popular name for a pricking or tingling sensation, as that which accompanies the recovery of feeling in a limb after numbness + on pins and needles - in a state of excessive uneasiness + 'percushioned with puns & reedles & his ceteras a bundle of knerves & farks' (notebook 1930) Over the ensuing seventeen years, as Joyce's materials coalesced and a book took gradual shape, it grew more and more strange and obscure as he made decisions to write it in a language of ''puns, riddles, and allusions as well.

gay - to make gay; to give a bright and pleasant look to; to embellish

rund = roon - a piece of the list or selvage of cloth; a strip or shred + round + rund (Danish) - round.

rosily - with a rosy hue; in a rosy manner + Children’s game: Ring-a-ring o'roses ('circle' game).

drat - a vulgar form of imprecation, giving vent to annoyance or angry vexation; = 'Hang', 'dash', 'confound'.

brat - a child, so called in contempt + brat (Russian, Serbian) - brother + FDV: Yet the ring gayed rund rorosily with a drat you for a brat you.

Yasha (Japanese) - a female demon + Children’s game: ('circle' game) Ring-a-ring o'roses: 'Ash-a! Ash-a! All fall down'.

sassage = sausage + sasage (Japanese) - something to eat.

mash - mashed potatoes; esp. in the phr. sausage(s) and mash + {Glugg ate sausage and mash. He could not go to their picnic party}

bash - a good time; a spree, a party + on the bash - on a drinking bout.

picnic + Mick/Nick (motif)

specialist + no honorary guest on our social list.

glugger (Anglo-Irish) - foolish boaster; empty noise; egg that does not hatch (from Irish: gliogar)

dazed - benumbed in the mental faculties + dead + Children’s game: ('circle' game) Old Roger: 'Old Roger is dead and is laid in his grave' (in which dead Old Roger rises to chase an old woman picking apples from a tree growing over his grave; the game involves three actors (Roger, Tree, Old Woman) and chorus of girls).

crave - craving

ah (l) = ai (gr) - alas + FDV: i.e. ayhe ay he, laid in his grave.

FDV: But low, boys, low he rises, shrivering. He be good. He relation belong this remarkable man. Intrance on back. Most open on the laydays. He possible to look joyfull joylike out of smily blue eyes. Not true his portmanteau filled potatowards. Big dumm crumm he offering barley zuck zuckers in presents of maidinelles maidineats. Other accuse about him all tommy rotkins. In his contrary this Mr. Heer assassor Neelsoen lasting laslast great change of retiring family buckle highly accurrect in his everythinks live here with howthhold of number seven in black velvet sidden mangy years yaars and got a baybay bucktooth coming on ever so nursely at 81. That why all parks up cited excited about his gunnfadder. That why he man with two purses agitating his theopot with walkabout wokkleabout shake rather uncoherend from one 18 to one 18 bis. Old grand tut tut toucher up of your poetographies and he turn round quick red allmaidishly if some make one noise. A fact. True bill. And his By a jury of matrons. And his thing went the whole way up Suffogate Street.

loo - Look! See! Behold! + What Shall We Do with the Drunken Sailor? (song): 'Low, boys, and up she rises' + (Glugg rising through trapdoor resurrection).

pitiful - exciting or fitted to excite pity + spitty - resembling spit; spitting or inclined to spit + spiteful.

woebegone - exhibiting great woe, sorrow or misery

woice = voice (obs.)

epitaph - an inscription upon a tomb. Hence, occasionally, a brief composition characterizing a deceased person, and expressed as if intended to be inscribed on his tombstone + ephathah! (Hebrew) - be opened! (Biblical) + Ptah - Egyptian god of speech (name means 'the opener').

susamis (Turkish) - thirsty + Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves: 'Open Sesame!'

examen - a formal examination (of the conscience or soul) + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 204: 'the examination of conscience, which must precede confession, is a most difficult task'.

scruple - to hesitate or be reluctant (to do something), esp. on conscientious grounds, or out of regard for what is fit and proper

schemata - (plural of schema) are knowledge structures a person forms from past experiences allowing them to respond to similar events more efficiently in the future by guiding the processing of information + Chiniquy: The Priest, the Woman and the Confessional 205: 'You are bound, under pain of eternal damnation, to remember all your bad thoughts and confess them to the best of your memory'.

nu = now; new + no + Nu - Egyptian god, representing the primeval watery mass from which all evolved and upon which floats the bark of millions of years + Nu mere (Danish) - 'now more'.

siden - to a great distance or length, far + siden (Danish) - 'since' or part of a time construction, e.g. ti aar siden, ten years ago + (no more sitting).

stolen (Danish) - the seat + Lament of the Irish Emigrant (song): 'sitting on the stile'.

tumescence - a swelling up; tumidity resulting from the presence of blood or other fluid in the tissues + tumescens (l) - swelling up + inquinans (l) - befouling, staining + Thomas Aquinas.

domstol (Danish) - judgement seat

dag (Danish) - day.

synagogue - a building or place of meeting for Jewish worship and religious instruction + senga (Danish) - the bed + sgeng (Bog Latin) - bed.

Trinitatis (gr) - of the Trinity + At Trinity Church I Met My Doom (song): 'I was an M-U-G'.

kink - a mental twist; an odd or fantastic notion; a crotchet, whim. In recent use also = a state of madness; an instance of, the practice of, or suffering resulting from sexual abnormality. 

mud - to make (water, liquor) turbid by stirring up the mud or sediment at the bottom. Also fig. to cover with mud.

peccation - the action of sinning, sin + peccat (l) - he [she, it] offends, sins + peccato (it) - sin, fault.

pent - shut up within narrow limits; closely confined, imprisoned + pente (gr) - five.

pree - to make proof or trial of; to try what (a thing) is like, esp. by tasting + free.

himself (Anglo-Irish) - householder, manager

munchaol (Bog Latin) - bad

maden = maiden (obs.) - a man that has always abstained from sexual intercourse (obs.) + Maden (ger) - maggots.

thug - a cutthroat, ruffian, rough

brood - a race, a kind; a species of men, animals, or things, having common qualities; Now usually contemptuous; = 'swarm, crew, crowd' + brood (Dutch) - bread.

blackmail - any payment extorted by intimidation or pressure + meel (Dutch) - flour (Pronunciation 'mail').

dooly = doly - doleful, sorrowful, sad + doulos (gr) - slave + Dooley [010.14]

redicans (l) - reconsecrating + redicens (l) - repeating + decanus (l) - leader of ten; a dean + duly recant all heresies.

bi- (l) - two, twice + genesis (l) - coming into being, generation + bigenesis (l) - twice-birth.

hen (gr) - one + Genesis + Guinness + Albigensian Heresy - the name applied by the Christian church to the dualistic doctrine of a sect that flourished in the 12th and 13th centuries in southern France.

betchennacht (Bog Latin) - blessing + bletch - to black + Blattchen (ger) - leaflet, membrane + Macht (ger) - power.

goll - a hand + goll (gol) (gael) - blind person + goll (Bog Latin) - blind + gods


come off - to become detached; to detach oneself


selfsufficient - sufficient in or for oneself (itself) without aid or support from outside; able to supply one's needs oneself; In an unfavourable sense: Having excessive confidence in oneself, one's powers, etc.

commander-in-chief - In the Navy: The senior officer in any port or station appointed to hold command over all other vessels within the limits assigned to him + {ex-commander-in-chief in the sport of guessing colours} 

throw dust in the eyes of - to confuse, mislead, or dupe by making 'blind' to the actual facts of the case

lavabat (l) - he [she, it] was washing + lava bed.

make to - to tend or contribute to; to be favourable or conducive to; to go to support

polenta (it) - a yellow cornmeal dish + polenta (Amaro) - gold + plenty.

rosso (Amaro) - gold (literally 'red') + {made plenty of money from white girls [i.e. Joyce teaching English in Italy and ‘making gold from silver’]}

savour - to give a savour to; to season, flavour; to give tone or character to

swith (Old English) - strong

aftræk (Danish) - outlet + aftrek (Dutch) - deduction, rebate; sale; demand + aftrekken (Dutch) - to pull off, to masturbate + Die stem van Suid Afrika (song) - South Africa's National anthem, literally 'The voice of South Africa'.

Bianconi, Charles - in the 19th century he provided Ireland with a transportation system and was known to Dubliners as Brian Connolly + bianconi (it) - the white ones + bianco (Amaro) - silver + bianconi (Anglo-Irish) - stage coach (after Charles Bianconi, an Italian who became the greatest Anglo-Irish mailcoach owner of early 19th century, using long carriages drawn by four horses). 

terra cota - a hard unglazed pottery of a fine quality, of which decorative tiles and bricks, architectural decorations, statuary, vases, and the like are made + Terracuta (Amaro) - Italy.

lovability - lovableness + {throwing of assets and facing liabilities}

Repeal of the Union (of Great Britain and Ireland)

trinity - the festival of the Holy Trinity; Trinity Sunday

Columbanus (543-615) (l) - "Of Columba [Dove]": Irish missionary, founded 3 monasteries in France, also Bobbio in Italy, where he died + calembour (fr) - pun.

make a clean breast (phrase) - to make a full disclosure, to confess

sip - a single act of sipping; a small quantity of some liquid taken in this way + soep (Dutch) - soup.

spoen (Dublin Pronunciation) - spoon

sweethearted - of sweet disposition + whitehaired boy (Anglo-Irish) - a favourite.

potter - a maker of pots, or of earthenware vessels + pater, mater (l) - father, mother.

mudder - a horse which runs well on a wet or muddy racecourse + mudder (Dialect Pronunciation) - mother.

chip of the old block - one that resembles his father, or reproduces the family characteristics + Phil the Fluter's Ball (song).

twig - a slender shoot issuing from a branch or stem

hider - one who hides + hide - to remove the hide from; to flay (rare.).  

tan - to convert (skin or hide) into leather

calaboose - the name, in New Orleans and adjacent parts of the U.S., for a common prison + calaboosh (Beche-la-Mar) - jail.

Teufel (ger) - devil + mishe/tauf (motif).

mussy - untidy, rumpled, tousled

calico - a cotton cloth + calici (Amaro) - handcuffs (literally 'chalices').

blong (Beche-la-Mar) - of

he make what name? (Beche-la-Mar) - what does he make?

volcanic - relating to volcanoes + Wolken (German) = wolken (Dutch) - clouds + (he is related to *E*).

blong (Beche-la-Mar) - of

molimen - an effort by which the system endeavours to perform any natural function, esp. menstrual molimen, the straining to bring about the catamenia + (notebook 1931): 'this remarkable man' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 331: (quoting a Swedish father telling his son about Swedenborg) 'this remarkable man'.

anax andron (gr) - lord of men: epithet of Agamemnon in Homer's Iliad + (notebook 1930): 'Anak' Numbers 13:33: 'And there we saw the giants, the sons of Anak, which come of the giants' (later conquered by Joshua) + anak (Malay) - child + Alexander.

polyglot + parler (fr) - to speak.

Jebusite - tribe of Canaanites, dispossessed of Jerusalem by David. In 17th c., a nickname for Roman Catholics, esp. Jesuits + (notebook 1930): 'Jebusite (hegoat)' Jabotinsky: Samson the Nazarite 19: '"Jebus?" said Ahtur. "Isn't that where the people worship a he-goat?" "Quite right," answered Machbonai. "They call their city Jerusalem"'.

centies (l) - 100 times + cent (fr) - hundred.

procent (Dutch) - percent

Erzerum - town, Armenia

spoke - to furnish or provide with spokes or bars + {one hundred percent Erse speaking}

drugman - a man who deals in drugs, an apothecary + drogmall (Bog Latin) - back + {his pub, with entrance at the back, was open all days}

storehouse - a building in which goods are stored

intrance - obs. form of entrance + (notebook 1931): 'ES in a trance' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 307: (of Swedenborg) 'when in a trance condition would sometimes lie in bed for several days without eating'.

layday - one of a certain number of days allowed according to a charter-party for the loading and unloading of cargo + (notebook 1931): 'fond of ladies' → Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 303: 'Swedenborg was fond of the society of ladies' + (weekdays).

A.A. - Alcoholics Anonymous (orig. U.S., an association for the mutual support and rehabilitation of alcoholics, founded at Akron, Ohio, in 1935.); also, a member of this organization + A[nax] A[ndron] (gr) - lord of men + Augustine Aloysius (Joyce's middle names).

shantung - a soft undressed Chinese silk (formerly undyed, since 1907 dyed to any shade of colour) + {wearing Peking silk, and notwithstanding his former guiles, he had gained flesh (weight)...}

sooth to say (Archaic phrase) - to tell the truth + (notebook 1931): 'sooth to say,' → Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 164: 'there was a kind of guarantee of the respectability of the old-fashioned ghost which, sooth to say, is more than can be said of the "controls" of to-day'.

guile - insidious cunning, deceit, treachery + Farmer Giles.

Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 8: 'set back considerable'

say grace

- to say a short prayer either asking a blessing before, or rendering thanks after, a meal + grace after meat (phrase) Grace before/after fish (motif) [.31]

lunch + avalanche.

profitable + prophet (Mohammed) + FDV: He possible to look joyfull joylike out of smily blue eyes.

smily = smiley - smiling; cheerful + (notebook 1931): 'joyful out of his eyes' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 299: (quoting Cuno about Swedenborg's attitude to his approaching death) 'he looked so innocent and so joyful out of his eyes, as I had never seen him look before'.

skyblue - a pure blue colour like that of the sky (Joyce had blue eyes) + Kibla - point towards which Muslim prayer must be said (i.e. Mecca) + (notebook 1931): 'smiling blue eyes' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 298: (of Swedenborg) 'Cuno says again: "When he gazed upon me with his smiling blue eyes, which he always did in conversing with me, it was as if truth itself was speaking from them"'.

pius Aeneas (l) - Aeneas the dutiful (formula from Virgil's Aeneid) + alios (l) - others + alias.

ast - obs. or dial. pa. tense of ask

Herrgott (ger) - Lord God + Gott (ger) - god + (notebook 1931): 'shave & haircut shape of hegoat Schoepfer Herrgott' + Schöpfer Herr Gott (ger) - Creator Lord God.

tile - a hat (slang)

tog - to clothe, to dress (occurs first and chiefly as togged: cf. booted, hatted, etc.)


chronicle - a frequent title of newspapers, e.g. The Daily Chronicle, Weekly Chronicle, etc. + Chronicles - name of two of the historical books of the Old Testament. 

portmanteau - a bag for carrying clothing and other necessaries when travelling + Humpty Dumpty is also a character in Alice Through the Looking Glass. He lectures on "portmanteau words" [Lewis Carroll: Through the Looking-Glass ch. VI: 'Humpty Dumpty': 'it's like a portmanteau - there are two meanings packed up into one word'].

Priam - last king of Troy, character of Homer's, Shakespeare's + crammed + {chronicles are not true that his [father’s] portmanteau [i.e. FW, suitcase, coffin] is full of potatoes [stones]}.

potato wards (Anglo-Irish) - wards won by bribery + portmanteau words + FDV: Not true his portmanteau filled potatowards.

dumm (ger) - dumb

krumm (ger) - crooked

ditchdiggers + diga (it) - dam.

akter (Norwegian) - after + actor.

assassinated + losos (Serbian) - salmon + {assassination [by Buckley]}

someone + salmon + Summanus - Latin god of nocturnal thunderbolts.

coxarum (l) - the hips', of the hips + cockalorum (Colloquial) - a self-important little man.

silver penny introduced into England by King Offa, 735

offering - something offered to a person for his acceptance, esp. as a tribute of honour or esteem; a present, a gift + offa (it) - biscuit.

blood orange - a variety of orange having the pulp streaked with red + bloa (Bog Latin) - apple.

candid - spendid, illustrious; white (obs.)

Zucker (ger) - sugar + Kandiszucker (ger) - lumps of crystallised sugar + candy suckers + (notebook 1931): 'sweets for the little rogues' → Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 304: (of Swedenborg) 'His landlady in Amsterdam remarked to Cuno: "My children will miss him most; for he never goes out without bringing them home sweets; the little rogues also dote upon the old gentleman so much, that they prefer him to their own parents"'.

in present - in, into the place itself, on or to the very spot + in presence of.

little + lithe + Lilith - Adam's first wife, who was created at the same time and from the same earth as Adam (Jewish legend).

midinette (fr) - young dressmaker or milliner + maidens + FDV: Big dumm crumm he offering barley zuck zuckers in presents of maidinelles maidineats.

bloo = blo (obs.) - blackish-blue + blow


prurient - given to the indulgence of lewd ideas, characterized by lasciviousness of thought or mind + purest

polygamous - practising or addicted to polygamy + polly (Slang) - whore + (notebook 1931): 'pollygameous' → Crofts: Women under English Law 21: 'no marriage celebrated abroad will be valid according to English law if polygamy is sanctioned by the law of such place'.

pecuniary - relating to or involving money + peculiarity - something unusual, a distinguishing trait, an odd or unusual characteristic + (notebook 1931): 'pecuniarity' → Crofts: Women under English Law 24: (of damages claimed by the husband against a co-respondent in divorce cases) 'it is the duty of the jury to assess the amount of such damages on the basis of the value of the wife to her husband, both in a pecuniary sense and also as a companion, and the injury to the husband's honour and feelings'.

aliment - the fact of ailing; bodily or mental indisposition; disorder, sickness + ailmin (Bog Latin) - beautiful.

spectacularly - in a spectacular fashion; after the manner of a spectacle

gale days - days when a periodical payment of rent is made, days of periodical payment

souffrant (fr) - suffering, ailing, in pain.

plentitude (notebook 1931)  Schuré: Woman the Inspirer 23: (letter from Richard Wagner to Mathilde Wesendonck) 'The consciousness of having been loved by thee with that plenitude of tenderness, that innermost chastity withal, thrills me with sacred ecstasy!'

tort - in English Law, any wrongdoing for which and action for damages may be brought + Haustorte (ger) - cake of the house (served by restaurant) + (notebook 1931): 'house torts' Crofts: Women under English Law 22: 'a voluntary separation does not affect the legal status of the wife in any way, and does not release the husband from any liability which he would otherwise have to third parties on account of his wife's relations with such third parties (e.g. his liability for her torts)'.

colossal - immense, tremendous, exceptionally great + Colossus of Rhodes.

romantic - a romantic person; esp. an adherent of romanticism in literature; a romanticist + Rhadamanthus - judge in the underworld + rhodomantikos (l) - oracular by means of roses + rodomontade (fr) - a bragging, a ranting.

wert - arhaic of be + wert (ger) - worth.

bronze - impudence, unblushingness

scolarina (it) - little schoolgirl

so is he

great white caterpillar (Oscar Wilde was so described by Lady Colin Campbell)

walk in one's sleep - to walk about or perform other actions as a somnambulist

dick (Slang) - penis + big index finger.

Weg (German) = weg (Dutch) - way, road; away + worth.

femtifem (Norwegian) - fifty-five

funt (Slang) - pound (sterling) + cunt (Slang) - vulva.

timent (l) - they fear, they dread + nest (Slang) - vulva.

immenseness - unusual largeness in size or extent

sett = set

eyes + uei (Provençal) - eye + {her 'yes' sounding in his ears [Ulysses]}

ear-hole - the aperture of the ear; dial. used for the ear itself + auris (l) - the ear + auriho (Provençal) - ear.

Caledfwlch - Arthur's sword, in the Welsh legend. It's other name, 'Excalibur' apparently derives from Latin Caliburnus which combines the elements caled ("battle, hard"), and bwlch ("breach, gap, notch"). + kalidh (Bearlagair Na Saer) - goat.

classically - in a classical manner; in classical style or after classical models

naught - in no degree, not at all + not

lighting - kindling, ignition + shaft - a beam or ray (of light, etc.), a streak of lightning, etc. Chiefly poet. + Leidenschaft (ger) - passion.


smoke - used for, or promoting, the escape of smoke, as smokepipe + smuk pige (Danish) - beautiful girl.

Mrs Mereschame (Venus) (notebook 1931) → meerschaum pipe - a tobacco-pipe with a bowl made of meerschaum (a clay-like mineral, hydrous magnesium silicate; from German Meerschaum: sea-foam).

cupric - rel. to copper + Aphrodite (Venus), the Greek goddess of love, was born near Cyprus (so called from Greek kypros: copper) and was therefore often depicted with amber-copper hair [.14-.15]

tress - a plait or braid of the hair of the head, usually of a woman

foamwhite - white as foam + Aphrodite (Venus), the Greek goddess of love, was born from the white sea-foam (Greek Aphrodite: foam-born).

feminine - she that is, or they that are feminine; woman + Aphrodite/Venus - goddess of beauty and sexual love.

ampersand - a punctuation mark "&" used to represent conjunction (and) + amber - of the colour and clearness of amber, of a clear yellowish brown.

aas = ace (obs.) + Aas (ger) - carrion + house doctor

Plato (b. 427 B.C.) - Greek philosopher + talos (gr) - the sun + Talos (gr) - mythological guardian of Crete; made of bronze by Hephaestus; kept strangers off by throwing stones, or burned them, or heated himself redhot and clasped them in his arms; Killed by Medea + Talop (Volapük) - Australia.

anatomy lecture + Rembrandt: The Anatomy Lesson of Doctor Tulp (painting).

mish - colloq. abbrev. of missionary + mish (Serbian) - mouse + SLIEVE MISH - Mountain, County Antrim, where St Patrick tended swine as a boy slave of Milchu.  

Saint Mary - Virgin Mary + Muire (mwiri) (gael) - [Virgin] Mary + scented myrrh (aromatic resin burned as incense).

gients (Provençal) - men, a tribe + gens - family based on male descent.

Mistral, Frédéric (1830- 1914) - Provençal poet + Meister (ger) - master + mistral - a strong north wind that blows in France during the winter.

Viking + Tate Wilkingson - popular Dublin comedian and manager of Smock Alley theatre.


Norwegian + noord (Dutch) - north + Wogen (ger) - waves.

Kampf (ger) - battle + kampften (ger) - fought + captain

dolomite - sedimentary carbonate rock and a mineral. Mineral dolomite forms white, gray to pink, commonly curved crystals + (sun-tan).

fan - to blow gently and refreshingly upon, as if driven by a fan

ocean + ozone - a colorless gas (O3).

breeze - a gentle or light wind

Pfarrer (ger) - priest + bedstefar (Danish) - grandfather.

sycamore - a species of fig-tree, Ficus Sycomorus, common in Egypt, Syria, and other countries, and having leaves somewhat resembling those of the mulberry + svigermor (Danish) - mother-in-law.

ignominy - dishonour, disgrace, shame; infamy + agnomen - a 'to-name' or additional name subsequently acquired.

prima - first + primesign - to mark (a person) with the sign of the cross before baptism + signation - the action of signing with the cross, or of marking with a seal + prima signatio (l) - first signing.

Milchu or Milcho - owned Patrick when he was a slave in Ireland. When Patrick returned, a missionary, to Ireland, he sought Milchu to convert him. Milchu burned up himself and his house when he saw the saint coming + (notebook 1923): 'master Milcho Slieve Mish' Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 10: (of Patrick) 'The boy Succoth, afterwards called Patricius, probably in allusion to his noble birth, was sold as a slave in Ireland, and employed by his mater Milcho to tend his cattle on the slopes of Slieve Mish in Antrim'. 

benighted - overtaken by the darkness of the night

queendom - the country ruled over by a queen


aidant - helping, assisting, helpful; a helper, assistant (rare.)

Loch Ness - the name of a loch in Scotland used attrib. of a water-monster alleged to exist in its waters + Loch nEachach (lokh nakhokh) (gael) - Eachach's ("horseman") Lake; largest lake in Ireland; anglic. Lough Neagh.

forsink - to be submerged + Versunkener (ger) - one who was sunk.


amalgamate - to unite together (classes, races, societies, ideas, etc.) so as to form a homogeneous or harmonious whole

rheumatism - a disease of which inflammation and pain of the joints are prominent features

Tommy Atkins - familiar form of Thomas Atkins, as a name for the typical private soldier in the British army + FDV: Other accuse about him all tommy rotkins.

Kurd - one of a pastoral and agricultural people of Aryan stock, found in northern Iran and Iraq and eastern Turkey

Copt - a native Egyptian Christian belonging to the Jacobite sect of Monophysites + curse of God.

Berber - a name given by the Arabs to the aboriginal people west and south of Egypt + Barbarossa - German emperor who opposed Adrian IV.

Bedawee = Bedouin - an Arab of the desert

beget - to procreate, to generate: usually said of the father, but sometimes of both parents + beghed (Hebrew) - clothes.

nahar (Hebrew) - river + na'ar (Hebrew) - young man, boy.

kol beth yisrael (Hebrew) - all the house of Israel.

no good - a useless or valueless person or thing + gudth (Bearlagair Na Saer) -  whore.

sou (fr) - small coin + zoulz (Cornish) - shilling + zuz (Hebrew) - small ancient coin.

liveried - dressed in, furnished with, or wearing a livery (the distinctive uniform style of dress worn by a person's servants, etc.) + (notebook 1931): 'Whitely' → Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 1: 'Counsel for the Prisoner Frederick Bywaters - Mr. Cecil Whiteley, K.C.'

rags up (notebook 1931)

3 W. namely 3 whales of the sea of deceit (notebook 1931) The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Supplemental Nights, vol. II, 237: Appendix: 'a tale of three artful wives - or, to employ the story-teller's own graphic terms, "three whales of the sea of fraud and deceit... namely, three men-deceiving, lascivious women"'.

bloody bastard

shooter - one who shoots with a bow or with firearms; in early use, an archer; now chiefly applied to a sportsman who shoots game + (notebook 1931): 'a blood red shooter'.

dromedary - a light and fleet breed of the camel, specially reared and trained for riding; a stupid, bungling fellow (obs.) + dromedary (Slang) - burglar, thief + Hebrew letter gimel has the numerical value of three and means 'camel'.

Caledonia - Roman name of part of northern Britain, in modern times applied poetically or rhetorically to Scotland, or the Scottish Highlands + callum (l) - hard skin + calumnia (l) - trickery, artifice, evasion + calumny - an abusive attack on a person's character or good name.

noteworthy - worthy of attention, observation, or notice; remarkable + not worthy.

shake his hand

ur - an inarticulate sound, uttered instead of a word that the speaker is unable to remember or bring out; our (obs.) + ur (ger) - primitive, first + Uhr (ger) - clock + ur (Bog Latin) - bad.

greef - obs. form of grief

asker - a questioner, inquirer; one who asks favours, gifts, etc. + Oscar [Wilde].

reports + Astor and Ruppert - two wealthy American family dynasties.

put in - to present, or formally tender, as in a law court (a document, evidence, a claim, etc.)

Oscar (osker) (gael) - Combatant; name of Fionn's grandson, son of Oisin + osgi (Armenian) - gold.

liars + Lionel - the principal male role in Martha (a famous opera by Friedrich von Flotow; mentioned several times in Ulysses).

brokenhearted - having a broken heart; having the spirits crushed by grief or despair + fröken (Swedish) - young ladies.

affirm - to make a statement and stand to it; to maintain or assert strongly


simple - lacking in ordinary sense or intelligence; more or less foolish, silly, or stupid + semper (l) - always, ever + sempre (it) - always.

lotta - colloq. contraction of lot of + lotta (it) - fight, struggle; wrestling.

lick one's lips - an action indicating keen relish or delighted anticipation of some dainty morsel

lens - a piece of glass, or other transparent substance, with two curved surfaces, or one plane and one curved surface, serving to cause regular convergence or divergence of the rays of light passing through it. 

Jupiter + John Peter + petre = saltpetre.

sodalite - a vitreous, transparent or translucent silicate of aluminium and sodium containing sodium chloride, usually of a greenish blue colour + sodalitas (l) - fellowship, friendship + sodali (it) - companions + two satellites of Jupiter observed from Lick Observatory, California, 1904.

in their contrary - in opposition to them (obs.) + on the contrary (formerly by, for, in, of, to the contrary, in contrary) - on the other hand, in contradistinction.

in reality - really, actually, in fact

bichop - obs. form of bishop

Bubwith - Bishop of London, 1406-7

bear witness - (said properly of a person, a book, etc.) to give oral or written testimony or evidence; hence fig. to furnish or constitute evidence or proof; to testify, witness to (occas. of) + to bear (one) witness - to corroborate one's statement or be a witness of one's action.

fixation - the concentration of the gaze upon some object for a given time with the intention of holding the retinal image upon the area of direct vision; Psychol. In Freudian theory, the arresting of the development of a libidinal component at a pregenital stage, so that psychosexual emotions are 'fixed' at that point. Also loosely, an obsession, an idée fixe + ficatio (l) - a making + 'Justification' sent to courts of Europe by William of Orange.

Heer (ger) - army + Herr (ger) - Mr. + heer (Dutch) - master, lord, gentleman.

assessor - an official who evaluates property for the purpose of taxing it + (notebook 1931): 'Assessor S -' → Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 302: 'Assessor Swedenborg' (Swedenborg was "Extraordinary Assessor" at the Swedish Board of Mines from 1716 to 1747).

Nelson + John Mac Neill - Irish Free State representative on the 1923-5 Boundary Commission, which considered the territory adjustment between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland.

Saorstat Eireann (serstat erun) (gael) - Irish Free State + (of poor hearing).

the diseased (defunct) (notebook 1923)

adenoids - a mass of lymphatic tissue at the back of the throat and behind the nose. "The adenoids" is a popular term for the swelling or enlargement of this tissue, which sometimes occurs in children and which makes breathing difficult + adenok' (Armenian) - formerly.

den (Dialect Pronunciation) - then.

Leixlip - urban village in north-east County Kildare, Ireland, on the confluence of the River Liffey and the River Rye + (notebook 1931): 'last great change' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 299: (speaking of death) 'Swedenborg spoke with eager anticipation of the last great change which he knew must come to him before long'.

retire - to withdraw (a thing) from notice; to hide away, put into obscurity

buckler - a small round shield + (notebook 1931): '1 buckle of gold - - - gems' (dashes ditto '1 buckle of') Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 301: (of Swedenborg) 'Still, it happened sometimes, that when he prepared to go out... something would be forgotten or neglected in his dress; so that, for instance, he would put one buckle of gems and another of silver in his shoes'.

accurent - running or flowing into; affluent, tributary + accurate - exact, precise, correct, nice.

coupola = cupola - Arch. A rounded vault or dome forming the roof of any building or part of a building, or supported upon columns over a tomb, etc.

household - the inmates of a house collectively; an organized family, including servants or attendants, dwelling in a house + Howth.

nummer - number (obs.) + Book of Numbers - part of the Torah, the fourth book of the Bible + Leopold Bloom, 7 Eccles Street, Dublin + (seven household characters: *E* + *A* + *C* + *V* + *I* + *S* + *K*).

wideawake - thoroughly vigilant or on the alert; fully aware of what is going on, or of what it is best to do; intellectually keen, sharp-witted, knowing

windabout - that winds about, meandering

walkabout - a protracted walk or journey, or one that takes in a number of places + Wochenbett (ger) - childbed.

weakling - a person that lacks physical strength, or is weak in health or constitution

velvet - a textile fabric of silk having a short, dense, and smooth piled surface + (notebook 1931): 'black velvet' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 300: (of Swedenborg) 'The dress that he generally wore, when he went out to visit, was a suit of black velvet, made after an old fashion'.

Georgian - belonging to the time of the Georges, as Kings of Britain + Swedenborg wrote about the geology of metals.

mission - a body of persons sent to a foreign country, esp. for the purpose of conducting negotiations, establishing political or commercial relations, watching over certain interests, etc. + Georgian mansion.

senest (Danish) - at the latest

mangy - having the mange; squalid, poverty-stricken, shabby, 'seedy' + mange (Danish) - many + since many years.

Lane, Sir Hugh (1875-1915) - one of the foremost collectors and dealers of Impressionist paintings in Europe, and amongst those outstanding works purchased by him for the new gallery were La Musique aux Tuileries by Manet, Sur la Plage by Degas, Les Parapluies by Renoir and La Cheminée by Vuillard. "Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane", often simply known as "The Hugh Lane" was founded by him on Harcourt Street in 1908, and is the first known public gallery of modern art in the world. Lane did not live to see his gallery permanently located as he died in 1915 during the sinking of the RMS Lusitania, off the west coast of Cork, the county of his birth. [079.27]   

blank - to render blank or void; to veil from sight

autonautes (gr) - self-sailor

annex - an addition to a document; an addition that extends a main building

daarlig (Danish) - bad + darling.

bucktooth - a large projecting tooth + baby tooth (stuttering) + (notebook 1931): 'new teeth grew at 81 in E.S.' Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 300: (quoting Cuno about Swedenborg) 'he told me that a new set of teeth was growing in his mouth; and who has ever heard this of a man eighty-one years old?' 

gobstick - a spoon

Nerses the Gracious (d. 1165) - Armenian poet + FDV: In his contrary this Mr. Heer assassor Neelsoen lasting laslast great change of retiring family buckle highly accurrect in his everythinks live here with howthhold of number seven in black velvet sidden mangy years yaars and got a baybay bucktooth coming on ever so nursely at 81.

gracias! (sp) - thanks! + goods and graces - an attractive or pleasing quality or feature + goodness gracious!

park - a large area of land preserved in its natural state as public property + (notebook 1931): 'parks of guns' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 51: (from a diary of Isa Bowman's visit to Oxford, written by Carroll) '"parks" of guns: that is, great rows of cannons, which stood there when King Charles the First was in Oxford, and Oliver Cromwell fighting against him'.

lit. aufgeregt (ger) - excited + FDV: That why all parks up cited excited about his gunnfadder.

gunfodder = cannonfodder - men regarded merely as material to be consumed in war + Michael Gunn, manager of Gaiety Theatre, Dublin + grandfather.

ekklesiastes (gr) - member of a congregation + Ecclesiastes - a book of the Hebrew Bible.

prime minister - the first or principal minister or servant of any sovereign, ruler, or state, or more vaguely of any person of rank or position + Confucius became Minister of Crime.

preach - to speak, plead, or argue in favour of

vittle = victual - food or provisions of any kind + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 21: 'spoon vittles' → He was drunk, and weaving about in his saddle; he was over fifty year old, and had a very red face. Everybody yelled at him and laughed at him and sassed him, and he sassed back, and said he'd attend to them and lay them out in their regular turns, but he couldn't wait now because he'd come to town to kill old Colonel Sherburn, and his motto was, "Meat first, and spoon vittles to top off on." He see me, and rode up and says: "Whar'd you come f'm, boy? You prepared to die?" Then he rode on. I was scared, but a man says: "He don't mean nothing; he's always a-carryin'
on like that when he's drunk. He's the best naturedest old fool in Arkansaw -- never hurt nobody, drunk nor sober."

proverbs + prava verba (l) - crooked words; improper, vicious words + prave (obs) - wicked, depraved, evil + Book of Proverbs, one of the books of the Hebrew Tanakh and the Old Testament.

persona erecta (l) - an upright person, upright character

Graeco-Romanus (l) - Greek-Roman + glykys (gr) - sweet + Joyce suffered from glaucoma.

Joyce was given arsenic injections for his eye problems in 1928.

feminiser + womaniser + Fomorians - In Irish mythology, the Fomoire (or Fomorians) are a semi-divine race said to have inhabited Ireland in ancient times.

Gilbert and Sullivan: Trial by Jury

celestial - Chinese

sunhat - a broad-brimmed hat worn in hot climates to protect the head from the sun

2 purses (notebook 1931) Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 36: (of Carroll) 'the two purses that he carried'.

teapot - a pot with a lid, spout, and handle, in which tea is made or brought to table + theos (gr) - god + theepot (Dutch) - teapot + (notebook 1931): 'swinging teapot for 10 minutes' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 34: (of Carroll) 'He was very particular about his tea, which he always made himself, and in order that it should draw properly he would walk about the room swinging the tea-pot from side to side for exactly ten minutes'.

walkabout - a protracted walk or journey, or one that takes in a number of places + FDV: That why he man with two purses agitating his theopot with walkabout wokkleabout shake rather uncoherend from one 18 to one 18 bis.

incoherent - without logical or meaningful connection; unable to express yourself clearly or fluently + (notebook 1931): 'rather uncertain gait' → Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 7: (of Carroll) 'always seemed a little unsteady in his gait'.

bis (l) - twice

things + C.G. Jung.

simply + sympolloi (gr) - many together + sympolis (gr) - a united-together city.

infuse - to instil or try to instil a notion or belief

tidbit - a brief and isolated interesting item of news or information + (tipidities, i.e. younger versions of Kate).

lock up - to lock up the house, lock the doors

rhaino (gr) - to sprinkle, to bestrew + daisy (Slang) - vulva + rainy days.

nine and twenty (*Q*)

toucher up - one who touches + (notebook 1931): 'stammer' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 10: (of Carroll) 'he found it impossible to avoid stammering in his speech'.

photographies + poietographia (gr) - poetry, poetry-writing + (notebook 1931): 'toucher up photographer' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 15: (of Carroll) 'he had been himself a great amateur photographer... He always said that modern professional photographers spoilt all their pictures by touching them up absurdly to flatter the sitter'.

roundabout - not following a straight course; circuitous, indirect + (notebook 1931): '*E* turns red when Isa' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 18: (of Carroll seeing Isa Bowman drawing a caricature of him) 'suddenly he turned round and saw what I was doing. He got up from his seat and turned very red, frightening me very much. Then he took my poor little drawing, and tearing it into small pieces threw it into the fire without a word'.

frumpishly - in a dowdy unfashionable manner + (notebook 1931): 'old maidishly' Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 11: (of Carroll) 'in the society of people of maturer age he was almost old-maidishly prim in his manner'.

samhradh (soure) (gael) - summer + Samhaoir (souir) (gael) - fem. name; daughter of Fionn Mac Cumhail + samhar (Bearlagair Na Saer) -  posterior, arse.

tionnur (tinur) (gael) - sleep, doze + tionnor (Bearlagair Na Saer) - posterior, arse + sour tenor (spelled as Irish) + summer thunder.

falls (ger) - if, in case + if someone make noise + FDV: Old grand tut tut toucher up of your poetographies and he turn round quick red allmaidishly if some make one noise.

last lap - the final circuit of a track, course, etc.; also fig.

The 1912 disaster of the White Star liner "Titanic" appears in FW by way of the popular song, "It's Your Last Trip, Titanic, Fare Thee Well."

Revelation - The Book of Revelation, also called the Revelation of St. John, the Apocalypse of John, and the Revelation of Jesus Christ, is the last book of the New Testament.

true bill - (in Law), a bill of indictment found by a Grand Jury to be supported by sufficient evidence to justify the hearing of a case; Hence allusively, a true statement or charge + true bill (phrase) - that's right + (notebook 1931): 'a true bill no - -' Crofts: Women under English Law 12: 'The grand jury either brings in a "true bill," in which case the trial is held before the court of quarter sessions or assize, or "no true bill," whereupon the person charged is discharged forthwith'.

jury of matrons - a jury of discreet women impanelled to inquire into a case of alleged pregnancy + (notebook 1931): 'jury of matrons' Crofts: Women under English Law 14: 'Until 1919 women were not eligible to sit as jurors, except in the rare event of a Jury of Matrons being required. When a female prisoner condemned to death declares herself to be pregnant, a jury composed only of women can be empanelled. If it finds the woman's statement to be correct, sentence of death is postponed until after the birth of the child, and, in practice, is now commuted to penal servitude for life'.

stoney - a child's coloured marble made of stone or a stone-like material + story

badder - obs. comparative of bad + STONEYBATTER - Road, North-West Dublin, a section of the main road to Navan. Its name combines English and Irish: bothar, Ir. "road." It has been conjectured that it was originally the route of Slighe Cualann, the ancient road from Tara through Dublin to South-East Ireland: hence the original "rocky road to Dublin."  

Ulysses.15.437: 'a holy show'

Thing - In Scandinavian countries (or settlements, as in parts of England before the Conquest): A public meeting or assembly; esp. a legislative council, a parliament; a court of law + (notebook 1931): 'his thing' + THING MOTE - The assembly place, usually on a mound, established by the Vikings whenever they settled. In Dublin, the Thing Mote was on a low hill South of the present Dame Street, at the intersection of Church Lane and Suffolk Street. The hill of the Thing Mote was called the Howe, Haugh, or "Howe over the Stein" (Steyne), from haugr, Old Danish "hill, sepulchral mound."

the whole way - to the goal; not stopping short of sexual intercourse

rightup - steep; rising straight up + FDV: A fact. True bill. And his By a jury of matrons. And his thing went the whole way up Suffogate Street.

suffragette - a female supporter of the cause of women's political enfranchisement, esp. one of a violent or 'militant' type

strate = street (obs.)

helpmeet - a fitting or suitable helper; a helpmate: usually applied to a wife or husband + Genesis 2:18: 'I will make him an help meet for him' (Eve) + FDV: Helpmeat too, his fiery goosemother, [woman who did,] he tell princes of the age about. who not knows she early when first come into the pictures factory fresh wronged by whomsoever. he take rap for that [early] party. and whenceforward Ani Mama and her forty bustles terrified of mountains? but would wave her hat to the papal legate on account of all he quaqueduxed.

contrasta toga (l) - a contrasted toga: kinds of togas included pura, praetexta, virilis, candida, pulla, and libera, but not contrasta + toga contrastata (l) - a put-on-instead-of-toga: toga was slang for "prostitute," prostitutes not being permitted the proper female stola; a prostitute's dress would be de facto a toga contrastata.

fairy godmother - a fairy who acts as godmother or protector to a mortal child; also transf., a benefactress

hotsy totsy - satisfactory, just right + Lao-tse (fl. 604 B.C.) - Chinese sage (whose name may mean "Old Boy,"), author of a celebrated treatise on virtuous ways, Tao Teh King, reputed founder of the Taoist religion. 

The Woman Who Did (1895) - novel by Grant Allen about a young, self-assured middle-class woman who defies convention as a matter of principle and who is fully prepared to suffer the consequences of her actions.

princeage - princes collectively

sound on (someone) - to taunt, to criticize (someone) + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'But the duke kind of soured on him, and didn't look a bit satisfied with the way things was going' + Book of Judges - one of the books of the Old Testament of the Bible.

brisken - to make brisk or lively; Also with up; to become brisk, to speed up + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 26: 'There was an old hair trunk in one corner, and a guitar-box in another, and all sorts of little knickknacks and jimcracks around, like girls brisken up a room with'.

The Books of Kings - part of the Bible, divided into two parts

mem - vulgar variant of ma'am + mayim (Hebrew) - water.

Liffey given as Avenelith in Charter of Prince John, 1192 + ebhen (Hebrew) - stone + lithos (gr) - stone.

viviparous - involving the production of young in a living state (not laying eggs)


fenny - spoiled with damp, mouldy, musty; of the nature of, or characterized by, fen; boggy, swampy + funny.

vulgar + fulgor (l) - flashing lightning + 'gingko fulgaration' (notebook 1924).

laat = late (obs.) + hoe laat? (Dutch) - what time?

soever - Used with generalizing or emphatic force after words or phrases preceded by how, what, which, whose, etc. (Cf. howsoever, etc.)

so long - good-bye + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 17: 'a saw-log' (floated down river).

come up - to present itself as the subject of attention; to arise, to turn up; to rise in the mind

all standing - i.e. without dismantling or unrigging; transf. with one's clothes on, dressed + '*A* logs came up all standing' (notebook 1924).

Psalms - a book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament + 'Sing a Song of Sixpence, a pocket full of rye' (nursery rhyme).

apocryphal - of doubtful authenticity; spurious, fictitious, false; an apocryphal writing (obs. rare.) + Apocrypha - books published in a separate section of some editions of the Bible despite not necessarily being considered part of the canon.

Allah + alpha (gr) - letter A + (notebook 1931): 'cheekmole of Allah = a city' The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Supplemental Nights, vol. VII, 167n: The Tale of Attaf: 'Damascus is entitled "Shám" because it is the "Shámat" cheek-mole (beauty-spot) of Allah upon earth'.

foriver (Irish Pronunciation) - forever

all in all - all things in all respects, all things altogether in one

Koran - the sacred book of the Muslims, consisting of revelations orally delivered at intervals by Muhammad, and collected in writing after his death

be the owner of thyself (divorce) (notebook 1931) The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night, Supplemental Nights, vol. VII, 178: The Tale of Attaf: (Attaf speaking about his wife) 'I bade her be the owner of herself' (glossed in a footonote: 'One of the formulæ of divorce').

swop - to give or dispose of in exchange for something else

Ecke (ger) - corner + eget hjem (Dutch) - own home.

Gladstone, William Ewart (1809-98) - British prime minister, "The Grand Old Man" or "G.O.M .", "The Grand Old Spider" (Parnell's term), "William the Conqueror", "The People's William." His house was Hawarden Castle + (notebook 1931): 'Hawarden Castle England' → Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 219: 'Hawarden Castle, the home of Mr. Gladstone' (in Wales).

be - obs. and dial. form of by

allowance - permission

erne - an eagle + Ierne (gr, l) - Ireland

flamen - a priest devoted to the service of a particular deity + flaming waistcoat.

waistcoat - a garment covering the upper part of the body down to the waist + Westcott, William Wynn - Supreme Magus of the London Rosicrucians, wrote their history, 1900. 

figure + fibula (l) - clasp, buckle, pin.

brooch - an ornamental fastening, consisting of a safety pin, with the clasping part fashioned into a ring, boss, shield, or other device of precious metal or other material, artistically wrought, set with jewels, etc.; Formerly also in a more general sense: according to Johnson 'a jewel, an ornament of jewels'.

mantle - a loose sleeveless cloak of varying length + wintermantel (Dutch) - winter coat.

pontifex - Rom. Antiq. A member of the principal college of priests in ancient Rome, the head of which was the Pontifex Maximus or chief priest; Eccl. A bishop.

cooly - of cool refreshing quality + couler (fr) - flow.

spa - a medicinal or mineral spring or well + spaewife - a female fortune-teller; a sybil, a witch.

laird - lord (sc.); a landed proprietor. In ancient times limited to those who held immediately from the king.

manna - spiritual nourishment; food divinely supplied, whether for mind or body, esp. the holy eucharist + manor

come into the picture - to be a basic part of, or concerned with a situation + FDV: who not knows she early when first come into the pictures factory fresh wronged by whomsoever.

Selkirk, Alexander (1676-1721) - Scottish shipwrecked sailor, model for Robinson Crusoe + elskere (Danish) - lovers.

Jahr (ger) - year + yards.

anam (onem) (gael) - soul + ainm (Irish) - name + annus (l) - year

foaming - that foams + fiume (it) - river.

hvem ved noget (Danish) - who knows something. 

mo ghradh mo chroidhe (mu gra mu khri) (gael) - my love of my heart + Magrath.

take the rap - to accept responsibility and the consequent punishment (orig. for a crime) + FDV: he take rap for that [early] party.

whenceforward - from which place onward

Ali Baba - the name of the principal character in Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, from the Arabian Nights + Ani - Egyptian scribe, subject of the 'Papyrus of Ani' (Budge: The Book of the Dead) + ani (Hebrew) - I.

vierte (ger) - fourth + forty.

bustle - a pad to give fullness to the skirt + FDV: and whenceforward Ani Mama and her forty bustles terrified of mountains?

furibund - furious, raging, mad + moribund - at the point of death; in a dying state.

mountain (river) bed + maiden bed.

schi = sky + Schi (ger) - ski + she

frightened + {She feigned illness and got a pain in her stomach from the soldiers at war [pregnancy]}

All Souls - the souls of all the pious dead + also

pignus (l) - pawn, security, pledge + pugna (l) - fistfight, combat + pign (Rhaeto-Romanic) - pine tree + pugn (Rhaeto-Romanic) - fist, ball + ping-pong.

pan - obs. Sc. form of pain

stummick - repr. dial. and pop. pronunc. of stomach + stummi (Rhaeto-Romanic) - stomach.

Plurabella + polar bears + 'pura e pia bella' - religious wars of Vico's heroic age.

pur = a name given to the knave or Jack in the game of post and pair (a game on the cards, played with three cards each, wherein much depended on vying, or betting on the goodness of your own hand); poor + pur (Rhaeto-Romanic) - clean + pur (ger) - pure..

jack - Cards. Name for the knave of trumps in the game of all-fours; hence gen. any one of the knaves + jactitation - public declaration, bragging + gesticulating + (notebook 1931): 'jactitor jactitator' Crofts: Women under English Law 27: 'Where a person falsely and persistently boasts that he or she is married to another, that other may by a petition in a suit of jactitation of marriage obtain a decree enjoining perpetual silence on the the subject on the jactitator'.

poorliness - the condition of being poorly

"The hearts That pannelled me at heeles, to whom I gaue Their wishes" (1606 Shakes. Ant. & Cl. iv. xii. 21) + Parnellism - the principles or policy of the party of Irish members in the House of Commons led by Charles Stewart Parnell from 1880 to 1891, whose aim was to establish Home Rule in Ireland + Panellenismos (gr) - "All-Greeks-ism": the idea that all the Greeks should unite into one nation or confederation.

grime - soot, smut, coal-dust, or other black particles, deposited upon or ingrained in some surface, esp. the human skin + (notebook 1931): 'parnellism & crime' Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 211: 'The Times Special Commission on "Parnellism and Crime"' (series of articles in which Pigott's forged Parnell letters were published).

harbour - to provide a lodging or lodging-place for; to shelter from the weather or the night + (notebook 1931): 'harbours her' Crofts: Women under English Law 39: 'If, however, a third person, without just cause, persuades a wife to leave her husband, or harbours her after she has so left him, such a person commits an actionable wrong, for which the husband can recover damages'.

feme sole - a woman who has not the protection of a husband + (notebook 1931): 'feme sole' Crofts: Women under English Law 35: 'Any woman married on or after 1st January, 1883, now holds as her separate estate all property belonging to her, whether acquired before or after marriage, and she may dispose by will or otherwise of all such property, as if she were a feme sole (i.e. an unmarried woman)'.

sovereign - supreme, paramount + zôravar (Armenian) - general, commander.

governor-general + givno (Ruthenian) shit.

consort - a husband or wife, a spouse + (notebook 1931): 'antient consortium rooms' Crofts: Women under English Law 39: 'RIGHT OF CONSORTIUM. A duty rests upon a wife... to live and cohabit with her husband; but it is a duty which cannot be effectually enforced, for a husband is not entitled to compel his wife by force to live with him'.

room + ANTIENT CONCERT ROOMS - 42½ Great Brunswick Street. Originally Dublin Oil Gas Co, by 1928 Eason's bookstore, now a cinema. The first production of National Theatre Society (later Abbey Theatre) given here in 1902 + Ruhm (ger) - fame.

durant - lasting, continuous + durant (fr) - during.

coverture - Law. The condition or position of a woman during her married life, when she is by law under the authority and protection of her husband. Also in phr. under coverture + (notebook 1931): 'during coverture' Crofts: Women under English Law 33: 'At Common Law during "coverture" (i.e., the state of being married) the wife's legal individuality was regarded as merged in that of her husband'.

wife cannot steal from hub (notebook 1931) Crofts: Women under English Law 40: 'At Common Law a husband and wife were incapable of stealing from one another, and even a third person who aided a wife to remove her husband's possessions was only guilty of theft if he had committed or intended to commit adultery with her'.

oz - an abbreviation used for 'ounce', 'ounces', esp. after a number, as in 3 lb. 8 oz.  

Damhan (dawan) [?] (gael) - Ox; 'Damman' is masc. personal name in Macpherson's Fingal + Damen (ger) - ladies.

beleave - to go away from (a person or place); to leave at death; to remain over, survive, be left in existence [(notebook 1931): 'beleaved'].

chickenbroth - a decoction of the flesh and bones of a chicken, used as a nutritious food for invalids [(notebook 1931): 'chicken broth death' Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 34: 'Chicken Broth Death' (in a list of newspaper cuttings sent by Mrs Thompson to Bywaters, describing a death due to the consumption of broth made from a chicken which had eaten a rat virus or rat poison)].

both parties to a deed *E* & *A* (notebook 1931) Crofts: Women under English Law 33: 'a deed to which the husband and wife were both parties'.

feed - food; colloq. A meal + Joyce's note (notebook 1923): 'feed (feast)' > MS 47477-126, EM: so as if ever she's beleaved by chicken brooth death since both was parties to the feed its its Hetman ^+Mac Cumhal+^ foots the funeral | JJA 51:163 | Feb 1933 |, also MS 47478-177, MT: Their feed begins. | JJA 53:278 | 1934 | II.2§9.*4 | FW 308.15.

hetman - a captain or military commander in Poland and countries formerly united or subject to it; whence subsequently retained as a title among the Cossacks.

Finn MacCumhaill - Finn MacCool + Mac Cumhail (mok kul) (gael) - son of Cumhal: Fionn.

foots (Slang) - pays for + (notebook 1931): '*A* not obliged to pay *E*'s funeral' Crofts: Women under English Law 39: 'A husband is liable for the reasonable funeral expenses of his wife, but a wife is under no such liability with regard to her husband's funeral expenses'.

nutrify - to supply nutriment + nutrio (l) - to suckle, feed, foster + nutre (it) - (he/she/it) nourishes, feeds.

jacent - lying, recumbent + The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. IX, 'Eskimo', 770a: 'A man will lie on his back and allow his wife to feed him with tit-bits of blubber and flesh until he is unable to move'.

almer = almoner - an official in a British hospital who looks after the social and material needs of the patients + elma (Turkish) - apple.

almsdish - a dish or plate for the reception of alms, used in churches, in the houses of the charitable, or carried by beggars + (notebook 1931): 'almsdish' → Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 222: 'a massive alms dish, richly wrought, of solid silver of 1706... of Irish workmanship'.

giantar (Rhaeto-Romanic) - (to have) lunch

china - a species of earthenware of a fine semi-transparent texture, originally manufactured in China, and first brought to Europe in the 16th c. by the Portuguese, who named it porcelain + tschaina (Rhaeto-Romanic) - dinner.

assieme (it) - together + the same.

Foli, Giovanni - name used in his early days in Italian opera by John McCormack (after his wife's maiden name, Foley)

Signur (Rhaeto-Romanic, Italian Dialect) - Sir, Mr; Lord, God


Roumansch language + (singing).

Ludwig II of Bavaria, patron of Wagner + fish the earwigs out of his lugs.

skitter - to move or run rapidly; to hurry about; to scamper off + skittering (United States) - a method of fishing.

kitty - a girl or young woman; a wench

hayel - obs. form of hail

ruffle someone’s feathers - to annoy someone

undesirable - an undesirable thing or person + unmentionables (underwear).

gesticulate - to make lively or energetic motions with the limbs or body; esp. as an accompaniment or in lieu of speech

blowy - characterized by blowing + black

wind + winden (ger) - reel, twist + vinden (Danish) - the wind.

went + wanden (ger) - reeled, twisted.

wenden (ger) - turn

wanton - a lascivious or lewd person + {She wandered wildly looking for him, like a wanton woman in the wind [Liffey meanders]}

plug - to stop, close tightly, or fill (a hole or aperture) with or as with a plug

baccy - vulgar abbreviation of tobacco

renownce - obs. form of renounce

pub - a public house, an inn + Book of Common Prayer: Catechism: 'renounce the devil and all his works, the pomps and vanity'.

keep + kick + kip (Anglo-Irish Slang) - brothel (from Danish: horekippe).

streetwalker - one who walks in the street + streel (Anglo-Irish) - untidy wench, slatern (from Irish sraoille: untidy, awkward person) + streelen (Dutch) - to caress, to fondle.

plague - anything causing trouble, annoyance, or vexation; a nuisance; colloq. trouble

sickle - to cut with a sickle; to be or fall ill, to sicken + suckle

honeycomb - a structure of wax containing two series of hexagonal cells separated by thin partitions, formed by bees for the reception of honey and their eggs

kop - S. Afr. A hill. Cf. kopje + kop (Dutch) - head + kopen (Dutch) - to buy + cop + keep.

bubo - inflamed swelling (plague) + bubo (l) - owl + Ali Baba.

faulty tripe + forty thieves.

Massa - representing master in the written form of Black speech + massa (it) - much, many.

dinar - a name given to various oriental coins; the monetary unit of Serbia

souvenir - a token of remembrance + 's a mhuirnin dilis (sa vurnin dilish) (gael) - and my dearest darling: phrase from song 'Savourneen Deelish' + savunêr (Rhaeto-Romanic) - to soap; persuade.

delicate - to render delicate + dedicate

nutbrown - of a warm reddish-brown colour + The Nut Brown Maid (song).

Berenice - name of the wife of Ptolemy Euergetes, king of Egypt, c 248 b.c., whose hair, vowed by her to Venus for her husband's safe return from his Syrian war expedition, was said to have been stolen from the temple of the goddess, and afterwards taken to heaven and placed in a constellation.

Ostmann (ger) - East-man + Oxmantown - part of North Dublin (named after 'Oxman' or 'Ostman': Eastman, i.e. Viking).

Saint Michan's - Oxmantown's parochial church

mulier (l) - wife; woman + marriage

mahatma - In 'Esoteric Buddhism', one of a class of persons with preternatural powers, imagined to exist in India and Tibet

undulate - to invest with the form or appearance of a wavy or rippling surface + ondula (Rhaeto-Romanic) - undular, wavy.

sugarloaf hat - a conical hat, pointed, rounded or flat at the top, worn during the Tudor and Stuart periods and after the French Revolution

Ealp O'Laoghre (Bearlagair Na Saer) - Dublin (apparently rhyming with 'Baile Atha Cliath') + alp (Bearlagair Na Saer) - town + alp (Rhaeto-Romanic) - an Alpine pasture, an Alp.

viv (Rhaeto-Romanic) - living, lively

basanalgia (gr) - tormenting ache + basanos (gr) - torments of hell (Luke 16:23) + baselgia (Rhaeto-Romanic) - church + bás (Irish) - death.

clam (l) - secretly, privately + clamas (l) - you cry out.

a patria (l) - from the fatherland + apo trion (gr) - away from three.

cardinal - one of the seventy ecclesiastical princes (six cardinal bishops, fifty cardinal priests, and fourteen cardinal deacons) who constitute the pope's council, or the sacred college, and to whom the right of electing the pope has been restricted since the third Lateran council in 1173.

papal - of or pertaining to a pope, or to the pope, his dignity or office

legate - an ecclesiastic deputed to represent the Pope and armed with his authority + FDV: but would wave her hat to the papal legate on account of all he quaqueduxed.

Vatican - the palace of the Pope built upon the Vatican Hill in Rome

monsiegneur - a French title of honour given to persons of eminence, esp. to princes, cardinals, archbishops, and bishops

crucis (l) - cross's, of the cross + Crusoe

glass + Macalister: The Secret Languages of Ireland 240: 'ass is an old Irish word for milk'. 

comate - companion, fellow, mate


aqueduct - an artificial channel for the conveyance of water from place to place; esp. an elevated structure of masonry used for this purpose + quaqua (l) - wheresoever, whithersoever + dux (l) - leader, chief, general.

Hrome, hRome (gr) - Roma, Rome [Rhome is conventional transliteration, but hrome is really more accurate] + Hrom (Armenian) - Rome + hrom (Czech) - thunder.

abhore - to regard with horror, extreme repugnance or disgust + about

wop - an Italian or other southern European, esp. as an immigrant or foreign visitor

mezzo (it) - middle + mezzo scudo (it) - half 'scudo' (ancient Italian coin).

scudo - a silver coin and money of account formerly current in various Italian states, usually worth about 4 shillings

sant - saint (obs.) + Sant (it) - Saint.

pursy - fat, corpulent; short-winded, asthmatic, puffy + Persse O'Reilly.

Josephine and Marie Louise (Napoleon's wives and subject of W.G. Wills's play A Royal Divorce) + three gondoliers - Luiz, Marco, Giuseppe.

missa (l) - sent; the Mass

vowt = vault; vult (face, countenance) + votes for women [239.17]

widder - dial. or vulgar f. widow + Widder (ger) - ram.

tattling - prattling, baby-talk; gossiping; blabbing, tale-telling

backwoods - wild, uncleared forest-land; e.g. that of North America. Also a remote and sparsely inhabited region.

beware - to take care, take heed, in reference to a danger

dainty - of delicate or tender beauty or grace

go Dutch - to share the cost of a meal, visit to the cinema, etc. (with someone) + do a Dutch (Slang) - run away.

yond - over there + FDV: But who comes yond with pire on poletop? He who relights the moon. And the hag they call damename Coverfew hists from her lane. And haste 'tis time for bairn to hame. Da'mselle's, we chickchilds' comeho to roo. Comehome to roo as chickchilds do.

pire - pear tree (obs.) + pyr (gr) - fire + fire

relight - to illumine, kindle, or ignite again

olive branch - a branch of an olive-tree; As an emblem of peace; hence fig. anything offered in token of peace or goodwill + loolav (Hebrew) - a young branch of the date palm used in the Feast of Tabernacles

mud cabin - a cabin made of mud + John Keegan Casey: The Rising of the Moon (song): 'Out from many a mud-wall cabin'.

tent - fig. An abode, residence, habitation, dwelling-place

Kedar - son of Ishmael, Psalms, 120:5: ". . . I dwell in the tents of Kedar among those who hate peace..." + ceder (Danish) - cedar.

neomenia - In Greek and Jewish antiq., the time of the new moon, the beginning of the lunar month; also, the festival held at that time.

Feast of Tabernacles - a Jewish festival, commemorating the dwelling of the Israelites in tents during their sojourn in the wilderness, held from the 15th to the 23rd of Tisri (October). It was also called the Feast of Ingathering, and was observed as a thanksgiving for the harvest + Tuborg - Danish beer.

at hand - near in place and time + John 7:2: 'Now the Jews' feast of tabernacles was at hand'.

shop shuts up

INISFAIL, gael. Inis Fail (inishfal) - a poetical name for Ireland. It is derived from Faul or Lia fail, the celebrated stone, identified in Irish legend with the stone on which the patriarch Jacob slept when he dreamed of the heavenly ladder. The Lia-fail was supposed to have been brought to Ireland by the Dedannans and set up at Tara as the "inauguration stone" of the Irish kings.

synge (Danish) - to sing + gynge (Danish) - to swing + synagogue.

sange (Danish) - songs + senga (Danish) - the bed + sing-song.

Ondbosbu - bog Latin for London + by (Danish) - town + Ondslosbu (Bog Latin) - Britain. 

hag - an evil spirit, dæmon, or infernal being, in female form

coverfeu - obs. var. of curfew (a regulation in force in mediæval Europe by which at a fixed hour in the evening, indicated by the ringing of a bell, fires were to be covered over or extinguished; also, the hour of evening when this signal was given, and the bell rung for the purpose).

hist - to summon with the exclamation 'hist!'; to incite or urge on with the exclamation 'hist'

haste - to cause to move more quickly; to urge, drive, or press on; to quicken, hurry

bairn - a child; a son or daughter

ta - dial. form of to

hame - obs. and Sc. f. home

someone’s chickens have come home to roost - (of a mistake, misdeed...) to come back as an unpleasant effect on a person who originally made the mistake.

warewolf - obs. var. werwolf (a mythological or folkloric human with the ability to shapeshift into a wolf or an anthropomorphic wolf-like creature)

abroad - at large; freely moving about; and fig. current in the outside world

chez - Used with (French) personal pronoun or proper name: at the house or home of.

foyer - hearth, home + fire

darkle - to grow dark + FDV: It darkles, all this our fun nominal world. Man and beast are chill. In deeryard imbraced, alleged, injointed and unlatched, the birds, even thumbtit, quail silent. Was vesper ere awhile. Now conticinium. No chare of beagles, frantling of peacocks, no muzzing of the camel, smuttering of apes. Lights, pageboy, lights! When otter leaps in outer parts then Yul remembers May. Her hung maid mohns are bluming look to greet the loes on yon coast of amethyst; arcglow's seafire siemens here and warnerforth's hookercrookers. Darkpark's acoo with sucking loves. Rosimund's by her wishing well. And if you wand to Livmouth, wenderer, here is lurks no iron welcome. Bing. Bong. Bingbang: Thunderation! Were you Marely quean of scuts or but Christien the Last here's dapplebellied mugs and troublebedded rooms and sawdust strown in expectoration. Mr Knight, big tapster, buttles; his alewife's up to his hip. And Watsy Lyke looks after all rinsings and don't omiss Kate, put in with the bricks. A's the sign and one's the number. So who over comes ever for whoopee week must put up with the Jug and Chambers.

tinct - colour, hue, tint + Ting! ting! (gradual fading sound of evening bells).

phenomenal - cognizable by the senses, or in the way of immediate experience + (notebook 1930): 'fun nominal'.

yon - a demonstrative word used in concord with a n. to indicate a thing or person as (literally, or sometimes mentally) pointed out

roadmark - a road sign + ruodmarg (Bog Latin) - bog.

tide - any definite time in the course of the day; as eventide; tide of the sea

Ave Maria - the Hail Mary! the angelic salutation to the Virgin + alvum maris (l) - the basin of the "sea" in the courtyard of the temple at Jerusalem + alveus (l) = alveo (it) - riverbed + marea (it) - tide.

circumvolute - to enclose or enwrap by twisting or winding something round + circumvallatus (l) - walled-around, besieged.

obscurity - absence of light (total or partial), darkness + obscuridad (sp) - darkness.

belles + belve (it) - wild beasts.

frieren (ger) - freeze

there is a wish on them (Anglo-Irish) - they wish

"zoo" (animal) code + zu kalt (ger) - too cold + zoo koud (Dutch) - so cold + Dublin Zoo, Phoenix Park.

brrr - An interjection expressive of shivering with cold or apprehension

deff - deaf (obs.) + Deucalion

Pyrrha (gr) - wife of Deucalion

she's within (notebook 1924)

foundress - a female founder; esp. a woman who founds or endows an institution, etc.

haha (Japanese) - mother, mom

huzoor - an Indian potentate; often used as a title of respect

to spiti (gr) - the home, the house; at home + {Where is the father? With Nancy Hands}

HOLE IN THE WALL - Public house, aka Blackhorse Tavern, halfway between Cabra Gate and Ashtown Gate in Blackhorse Lane, which runs along North wall of Phoenix Park. The name is probably from the turnstile in the park wall, although Chart's Dublin, 319, repents a popular explanation that voters there passed an empty hand through the wall and withdrew it filled with guineas. Nancy Hand was the proprietress from 1896 (Thom's Directory) + (notebook 1930): 'Nancy Hand's' Cosgrave: North Dublin, City and Environs 13: 'the Black Horse tavern, better known to Dubliners as "Nancy Hand's" from its popular hostess of fifty years ago, or the "Hole in the Wall," from a turnstile into the adjoining Phoenix Park'.

tch - a representation of the dental click (freq. reduplicated) used to express vexation + tsheetshee (Japanese) - father, dad.

maize - an American graminaceous plant (Zea Mays) or the grain produced by it + maze.

Isegrim - an appellation applied, after the manner of a proper name, to the wolf; the name of the wolf in Reynard the Fox, and other beast-fables.\

lolling - dangling, drooping. Of the tongue: Protruding and hanging down.

farewell + Fahr wohl (ger) - drive (travel) well + faar (Danish) - sheep + wol (Dutch) - wool.

wheaten - composed of the grain or flour of wheat; of a pale honey colour + wedding bells.

bide - to remain in a place, or with a person, as opposed to going away + beat

Jack and Gill = lad and lass + (the cad) "Gaping Gill, swift to mate errthors, stern to checkself..." [036.35].

(dropping of pebbles to mark way) [037.11-.12] [072.32-.33] + (Deucalion and Pyrrha threw the rocks behind their shoulders and the stones formed people) [.17-.18] [134.05]

benn - the Horse-radish tree + beinn (ben) (gael) - peak, headland.

dell - a deep natural hollow or vale of no great extent, the sides usually clothed with trees or foliage

craggy - abounding in or characterized by crags; hard and rough or rugged in form + The Rocky Road to Dublin (song).

ramble - Of persons: To wander, travel, make one's way about (now usually to walk) in a free unrestrained manner and without definite aim or direction.

sash - a scarf, often with fringe at each end, worn by men, either over one shoulder or round the waist + (Milky Way).

lang = long

say - obs. Sc. f. so + Thomas Moore: song: Sail On, Sail On: 'Sail on, sail on, thou fearless bark'.

cielo (it) - sky + (So long sky!)

sail on! (Dublin Slang) - scram!

ark - the large covered floating vessel in which Noah was saved at the Deluge; a ship, boat, or similar floating vessel

Noh - the traditional Japanese masked drama evolved from the rites of Shinto worship and substantially unchanged since the 15th c.; the oldest form of drama in Japan.

night star - a star when shining by night + 'see stars from bed' (notebook 1924).

spinney - a small wood or copse, esp. one planted or preserved for sheltering game-birds; a small clump or plantation of trees + 'spinney' (notebook 1924) + Spinne (ger) - spider.

swayful - powerful, able to exercise sway (power of rule or command; sovereign power or authority)

pathway - a way by or along which one may walk or go

dragonfly - slender-bodied non-stinging insect having iridescent wings that are outspread at rest + {The playful paths of dragon fly and spider are still in the reeds.}

reeder - a thatched frame used to protect blocks or tiles of china-clay from rain + 'spiders walk along reeds' (notebook 1924).

tranquille - tranquillity + tranquille (it) - quiet (feminine plural).

adew - obs. form of adieu

dyrehaven (Danish) - the deer park (Phoenix Park is a home to a large herd of fallow deer).

imbrace = embrace

allege - to lighten, alleviate, diminish (a burden, grief, pain); to abridge the duration of a trouble

injoyn = enjoin - to join together (obs.) + (notebook 1930): 'to unbrace pheasants to allage bitterns to unjoint quails to display curlews to unlatch' → Randle Holme: The Academy of Armory and Blazonry (1688), III.3.78: 'Terms for Carving and Serving... Unbrace that Duck or Mallard... Unjoynt that Bittern. Untach that Curlew, and Brew. Allay that Pheasant' (probably not Joyce's direct source; a similar list appears in Wynkyn de Worde's Boke of Keruynge (1508) [249.04] [569.21]).

unlatch - to undo the latch or catch of (a door, etc.); to unfasten in this way

Tommelise (Danish) - 'Thumbelina' (tomme-thumb, title-hero of H.C. Andersen's tale) + FDV: In deeryard imbraced, alleged, injointed and unlatched, the birds, even thumbtit, quail silent.

quail - to lose heart, be cowed or discouraged; to give way through fear

{two little birds (two i's)}

Luathan - Bog Latin for "bird" + Luath (lue) (gael) - Swift; name of one of Fionn's dogs.

Nuadha (nue) (gael) - name of ancient god, king of Tuatha De Danann; + Nuath - masc. personal name in Macpherson's Lathmon.

abhainn (avin) (gael) - river + avond (Dutch) - evening + FDV: Was vesper ere awhile. Now conticinium.

conticinium (l) - the first part of the night (when all becomes still) + Conticinium (l) - first Roman watch of the night (growing quiet) + "Waters of Re" is the name of the first realm of the Duat. "Smashing the foreheads of the enemies of Re" is the name of the first hour goddess of the night, who guides this great god in this gateway (Amduat: Book of What is in the Duat).

lao-hu (Chinese Colloquial) - tiger + lion. 

shih-tzu (Chinese Colloquial) - lion + shut eyes (sleep).

lye = lie + Concubium (l) - second Roman watch of the night (lying down) + "Ba-souls of the Duat" is the name of the gods who are in this region. The name of this hour of the night who guides this god in this region is: "The wise who protects her master" (Amduat: Book of What is in the Duat).

wildering - fig. Producing mental confusion or aberration; perplexing, bewildering + intemperies (l) - wildness Intempesta Nox (l) - third Roman watch of the night (dead of night) + "Mysterious Ba-souls" is the name of the gods who are in this field. The name of the hour who guides this great god in this field is: "She who cuts Ba-souls" (Amduat: Book of What is in the Duat).

nicht - Sc. variant of night

cockadoodle - a conventional representation of the crow of the cock; a name for this, and hence, a nursery or humorous name for the cock + Gallicinum (l) - fourth Roman watch of the night (cockcrow) + The name of this cavern is: "With living forms". The name of the hour of the night guiding this great god is: "She who is great in her power" (Amduat: Book of What is in the Duat).

albens (l) - white + albente caelo (l) - "at the whitening of heaven": at daybreak, at dawn (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

aurora - the rising light of the morning; the dawn + albente Aurora (l) - at the whitening of the Dawn.

panther - another name for the Leopard (Felis pardus); popularly applied to large leopards + Panther, Pantherus - Roman centurion, said by Celus to have been the father of Jesus + pater noster (l) - our father + Ulysses.1.57: 'He was raving all night about a black panther' [565.19]

leaba (Irish) - bed

amorrow - in the morning; on the morrow after, next morning + Sed libera nos a malo (l) - "But free us from evil." This is the Latin version of the Lord's Prayer. Note that this phrase is preceded by Panther monster, or pater noster, "Our Father", also from the prayer.

Lowe (ger) - lion + løv (Danish) - foliage + løvedom (Danish) - lion kingdom + lov (Serbian) - hunt.

shleeps (Irish Pronunciation) - sleeps + song While London Sleeps (ca. 1900 music hall song).

elephas (l) - elephant + Éliphas Lévi - famous 19th century occultist (Stuart Gilbert: James Joyce's Ulysses, vii: (of Joyce and himself in the context of Ulysses) 'when we chanced to be discussing Eliphas Lévi's theories of magic').

siang (Burmese) - elephant + sang

triumpe (l) - exclamation used in solemn processions of the Arval brothers (Roman priestly order) + triumpho (l) - to hold a triumphal procession (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

mastodont - a large extinct mammal resembling the elephant, characterized by having nipple-shaped tubercles in pairs on the crowns of the molar teeth + magister (l) - master + magister elephanti (l) - elephant driver + magus (l) - magician + megadontos (gr) - of great teeth + Acts 18:34: 'Great is Diana of the Ephesians'.

behemoth - an animal mentioned in the book of Job; probably the hippopotamus; but also used in modern literature as a general expression for one of the largest and strongest animals (also a devil in John Milton's "Paradise Lost").

mammoth - a large extinct species of elephant (Elephas primigenius) formerly native in Europe and northern Asia

tusker - a beast having tusks, esp. an elephant or wild boar

toil - a spell of severe bodily or mental labour; a laborious task or operation

salaam - the Oriental salutation: 'Peace (be upon you)'

rhinoceros - a large, unwieldy quadruped of a genus now found only in Africa and Southern Asia, having a horn (or, in some species, two horns) on the nose and a very thick skin disposed in plates and folds.

is not so + animal's snout.

go west - to die, perish, disappear + Wurst (ger) - sausage + ihm ist ganz wurst (ger) - he doesn't give a damn.

kiki (Japanese) - crisis + kiku (Japanese) - to listen, to hear, to ask.

hippotame - hippopotamus + hippodromos (gr) - horse racecourse + Ho popò (it) - I've got to shit + dorme (it) - (he/she/it) sleeps.

so bist (ger) - so (you) are + so be it.

chare - a turning or movement back; to do odd turns or jobs, esp. of housework + (notebook 1930): 'charming of beagles frantling of peacocks' → Sir Thomas Urquhart's tranlation of Rabelais's Gargantua and Pantagruel, book III, chapter XIII: 'nuzzing of camels... frantling of peacocks... charming of beagles... guerieting of apes, snuttering of monkies' (amongst Urquhart's many additions to the original text; probably not Joyce's direct source).

beagle - a small variety of hound, tracking by scent, formerly used in hunting hares, but now superseded by the Harrier, which sometimes takes its name

frantling - Used to express the noise made by peacocks + FDV: No chare of beagles, frantling of peacocks, no muzzing of the camel, smuttering of apes.

muzz - to loiter aimlessly; to 'hang about' + (notebook 1930): 'nuzzing of camels smuttering of monkeys'.

smutter - to mark with some black or dirty substance; to blacken, smudge

pageboy - a boy or lad (usually in 'buttons' or livery) employed in a private house, a club, hotel, large shop, etc., to attend to the door, go on errands, and the like

bright - brightness, light. arch. (poet.) + Boys will be boys (proverb).

Hanukkah - Jewish Feast of Lights + hurricane lamp.

outer - comparatively or relatively far out; of or pertaining to the outside + Michael Balfe: The Bohemian Girl: Then You'll Remember Me (song): 'When other lips and other hearts Their tales of love will tell... Then you'll remember me'.

Mei (Dutch) - May + (notebook 1930): 'when otter leaps in outer parts then Yul remember May, mohns to blume, arcglow warnerforth's, siemensize lure, hookercrook'.

hung - suspended, attached so as to hang down, etc. + Thomas Moore: song: The Young May Moon: 'The young May moon is beaming, love' + 'BB wellhung' (Joyce's note) [i.e. Boylan].

Mohn (ger) - poppy

Blume (ger) - flower + blooming

loe - obs. form of lo, low; Scot. love

amethyst - a precious stone of a clear purple or bluish violet colour + (notebook 1930): 'cote d'amethyst' Côte d'améthyste (fr) - the coast of the Camargue in the South of France.

seafire - phosphorescence at sea + sapphire.

SIEMENS SCHUCKERT - German electrical equipment firm; it constructed the power station of the Shannon hydroelectric works at Ardnacrusha, and FW credits it also with the lighthouses at Arklow and Wicklow.

westward - towards the west, in a westerly direction + Arklow, Wexford and Waterford all in South-East Ireland.

Henry II first landed in Ireland at the Crook, over against Hook tower, Waterford Bay, hence phrase 'by hook or by crook'.

Brer Fox (Uncle Remus stories)

fishy - resembling a fish or something belonging to a fish; having the savour, smell, or taint of fish

listen out - to listen for a sound, e.g. on a radio receiver + lisa (Russian) - she-fox.

toran - a sacred Buddhist gateway, of wood or stone, consisting of a pair of uprights with one or more (often three) cross-pieces; sometimes elaborately carved + simhhath torah (Hebrew) - ''Rejoicing in Law'', last day of Feast of Tabernacles + somewhat torn.

anteargumentum (l) - prior argument + integument - an outer protective covering such as the skin of an animal or a cuticle or seed coat or rind or shell + undergarments + Targum - each of several Aramaic translations and interpretations of parts of Old Testament.

piscina (sp) - fish + pesciolini (it) - little fishes.

Lafayette - a sciænoid fish of the Northern United States (Liostomus xanthurus) + Liffey river.

squiggle - to writhe about

Jonah (Hebrew Yonah, dove; the Latin form is Jonas) - Old Testament book and prophet. Reluctant to preach to his fellow Jews, he was three days in a whale's belly; Dolphin's Barn is a kind of kenning for the belly + Juno (l) - chief Roman goddess, guardian diety of women; wife of Jupiter.

feria quinta (l) - fifth holiday (name for Thursday used by early Christians) + Edmund Spenser: The Faerie Queene

papal infallibility (all popes are successors to Saint Peter; petra (l) - rock, stone)

poisson (fr) - fish + Procession of the Holy Ghost (subject of original split between East and West Churches).

Holy cross - the cross upon which Jesus Christ suffered death

liobar na bothair (lyuber nubohir) (gael) - ne'er-do-well of the road: tramp.

harker - Sc., a listener + horche (ger) - listen + (notebook 1931): 'harked harkers (ears)'.

ribber - a blow on the ribs + river + ryba (Russian) - fish.

Aberdeen + dabhar (Hebrew) - word; thing + dobar dan (Serbian) - good day (greeting).

munt - mount (obs.) + going on in his mount of knowledge (mind)

flip flap - something that 'goes flip-flap' (with a repeated flapping movement)


witchman - a wizard + Isaiah 21:11: 'Watchman, what of the night?'

es (ger) - it; E-flat

ez (Basque) - no + ez (Hebrew) - goat.

geh- (ger) - go + ges (ger) - G-flat + ges noun (Provençal) - not at all.

sucking - not come to maturity, not fully developed, budding + (notebook 1930): 'the park's acoo with sucking loves'.

Rosimund at her wishing well (notebook 1930) → Rosamund's Pond in Saint James Park, London: meeting place for lovers in numerous plays + Mund (ger) - mouth.

tempt - to allure, entice, invite, attract + (*IJ*).

at a venture - at random, by chance, without due consideration or thought

strut - to walk with an affected air of dignity or importance, stepping stiffly with head erect

musketeer - a soldier armed with a musket + Dumas: The Three Musketeers + (*VYC*).

brace - a pair, a couple + Mrs Anne Bracegirdle (1674- 1748) - English actress.  

girdle - a belt worn round the waist to secure or confine the garments; a corset, usu. elasticated, that does not extend above the waist + girls

brasse - a name of a fish of the perch family + brace

beau - a man who gives particular, or excessive, attention to dress, mien, and social etiquette; a fop, a dandy + boys

jog - a slow measured walk, trot, or run


hold hard - (orig. a sporting phrase) To pull hard at the reins in order to stop the horse; hence gen. to 'pull up', halt, stop

dither - to tremble, quake, quiver, thrill. Now also in gen. colloq. use: to vacillate, to act indecisively, to waver between different opinions or courses of action

waltzer - one who dances the waltz + daughters

stright - obs. Sc. form of straight + night

vorsehen (ger) - forsee + 'no meeting is as foreseen' (notebook 1924).

Hesperus - the evening star + Hesperos (gr, l) - the evening star + espérons (fr) - let us hope.

wand - obs. pa. tense of wind (v.) + Huckleberry Finn drifted to the rivermouth.

Livmouth (notebook 1930) → mouth of Liffey.

wanderer - someone who leads a wandering unsettled life

jimpsonweed = jimsonweed - the Thorn-apple, Datura Stramonium + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 21: 'jimpson-weeds'.

deck - to cover

JACKSON'S ISLAND - In 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer', Tom, Huck, and Joe Harper set off to begin their pirate career there. 

lurk - to lie in ambush; to remain furtively or unobserved about one spot + FDV: And if you wand to Livmouth, wenderer, here is lurks no iron welcome.

Who Killed Cock Robin? (nursery rhyme): 'Who'll pull the bell?' + Less detail is available for the ground floor (floor of the two servants and twelve customers). There is a bellpull operating a doorbell which, on the evidence of 245.25-6, 262.26-7, and 560.13-15, is a source for 'Zinzin' sound echoing through a book. (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

an iron welcome (notebook 1930) Alfred Lord Tennyson: In Memoriam A.H.H., XC: 'That could the dead, whose dying eyes Were closed with wail, resume their life, They would but find in child and wife An iron welcome when they rise'.

thunderation - Used as a vague expletive or intensive [(notebook 1930): 'thunderation'].

mulligrubs - a state of depression of spirits, a fit of megrims or spleen + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard, ch. 25: 'Oh, is that all? I was afraid you were sick of the mulligrubs, with eating chopt hay; you had better go back to her at once if she wants you, for if you don't with a good grace, she'll very likely come and take you back by the collar,' and Miss Mag and O'Flaherty joined in a derisive hee-haw, to Puddock's considerable confusion, who bowed and smiled again, and tried to laugh, till the charming couple relieved him by taking their places in the dance.

mulse - liquor made from honey + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard: 'mulsum' → On this occasion he warned his parishioners against assuming that sudden death is a judgment. 'On the contrary, the ancients held it a blessing; and Pliny declares it to be the greatest happiness of life—how much more should we? Many of the Roman worthies, as you are aware, perished thus suddenly, Quintius Æmilius Lepidus, going out of his house, struck his great toe against the threshold and expired; Cneius Babius Pamphilus, a man of prætorian rank, died while asking a boy what o'clock it was; Aulus Manlius Torquatus, a gentleman of consular rank, died in the act of taking a cheese-cake at dinner; Lucius Tuscius Valla, the physician, deceased while taking a draught of mulsum; Appius Saufeius, while swallowing an egg: and Cornelius Gallus, the prætor, and Titus Haterius, a knight, each died while kissing the hand of his wife. And I might add many more names with which, no doubt, you are equally familiar.'

Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 31: 'No-sirree-bob' + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 13: 'great goodness'.

merry queen of Scots (notebook 1930) → Mary Queen of Scots + scut - a term of contempt for a person; a short garment.

Christian - an adherent of Christianity + (notebook 1930): 'Christian the Last' → Christian X was king of Denmark from 1912 to 1947.

duty - due respect, reverence; an expression of submission, deference, or respect + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 18: 'Our duty to you, sir'.

royalty - royal persons collectively or individually + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 20: 'Royalty'.

squat - to sit down with the legs closely drawn up beneath the hams or in front of the body; esp. to sit on the ground in this way or in a crouching attitude. Also jocularly, to sit (down).

matt - Of colours, surfaces: Without lustre, dull, 'dead' + matt (ger) - exhausted + Matthew

luke - to make lukewarm; obs. or Sc. form of look

johl = jol - the local name (often with capital initial) for a barren, much dissected, limestone plateau south of Wadi Hadhramaut in the Arabian peninsula + johlen (ger) - to hoot + John

dapple = dappled - spotted, speckled + bellied - having a belly. Often in comb., e.g. big- or great-bellied, having a big belly + double (*IJ*) and treble (*VYC*).

mug - any (large) earthenware vessel or bowl; also, a pot, jug, or ewer

trouble bedded rooms (notebook 1930) + trouble - disturbed, confused; turbulent, stormy + bedded - In comb. Having a bed.

sawdust - wood in the state of small particles, detached from a tree, plank, etc. in the process of sawing

expectoration - discharge of phlegm from the chest by coughing, etc. + (i.e. for spitting on) + Motif: -ation (*O*; 4 times).

specification - specific, explicit, or detailed mention, enumeration, or statement of something

Knight, E. H - manager of the Euston Hotel, London, where Joyce stayed (see Letters, I, 239)

tun - a large cask or barrel, usually for liquids, esp. wine, ale, or beer, or for various provisions + tapster - a man who draws the beer, etc. for the customers in a public house; the keeper of a tavern + FDV: Mr Knight, big tapster, buttles; his alewife's up to his hip.

buttle - to pour out (drink); to do a butler's work

frau - a married woman, wife + (ale-wife) + fru (Danish) - Mrs.

what's he like + Sackerson is the mystery man of the Wake, the 'summonorother' (255.05-6) and 'Watsy Luke' whom we are indeed constantly meeting, in various guises (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

rinsing - the removal of soap with clean water in the final stage of washing

omit - to leave out, not to insert or include + Miss Kate (*K*).

Home Sweet Home (song)

put in - to contribute as one's share of work or duty; to perform (a piece of work, etc.) as part of a whole, or in the midst of other occupations

brick - a brick-shaped block of any substance, e.g. of tea + (notebook 1930): 'put in with the bricks'.

FINDLATER, ALEXANDER, AND CO - Grocers, tea and wine merchants, form at 29-32 O'Connell Street and other locations. Around the turn of the century, Findlater sold its own house brand of whiskey, called "A.1".

chariot + The Ballad of Chevy Chase - The ballad tell the story of a large hunting party ("chase") in the Cheviot Hills, hence 'the chevy chase'. The chase is led by Percy, the English Earl of Northumberland. The Scottish Earl Douglas had forbidden this hunt, and interprets it as an invasion of Scotland. In response he attacks, causing a bloody battle which only 110 people survived + khag shavuot (Hebrew) - Jewish Feast of Weeks (Pentecost). 

chaser - one who chases or hunts; an attendant upon a person of rank or wealth, dressed in a military style

stirrup - support consisting of metal loops into which rider's feet go + The Stirrup Cup (song).

kirkyard - northern form of churchyard (the yard or enclosed piece of ground in which a church stands; formerly almost universally used as a burial ground for the parish or district, and still so used, esp. in rural districts) + kirkegaard (Danish) - churchyard + Kierkegaard, Søren (1813-55) - Danish philosopher (book Either/Or) + het oude huis bij het kerkhof (Dutch) - the old house by the churchyard (Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard)

whoopee - delight, high spirits, boisterous fun + (Finnegan’s Wake).

put up with - to submit to (an injury), 'to suffer without resentment'; in wider sense, To bear, endure, tolerate, do with (anything inconvenient or disagreeable).

chamber - a room or apartment in a house; usually one appropriated to the use of one person + judge in chambers + (notebook 1930): 'at the sign of the Jug & Chambers'.

Feld (ger) - field + FDV:  But now! heed! Our thirty minute's war's alull. [All's quiet on the champs de Mai.] Housefather calls enthreateningly. Ansiosa Annsighosa looks in the pot her potstill to see if at the sop is sodden enough and to hear what to all the bubbles besaying. The coming man, the future woman the food that is to build — what he with fifteen years will do, the ring in her mouth of joyous guard, stars astir and stirabout. A plagueful for hirs, a saucy for hers. But one and two were never worth. So they must have their final since he's on parole. Et la pau' Leonie has the choice of her life between Josephinus and Mario-Lewis for who will is too to wear the lily of Bohemia, Floristan, Thaddeus, Hardress or Myles. Now for La Bella Icy-la-Bella.

glory + gori (Basque) - red + gori (Serbian) - it burns + Battle of Gorey, County Wexford, 1798.

starfort - a small fort having alternate salient and reentrant angles + STARFORT - Begun but never completed as an extensive fortified enclosure North-East of site of the later Magazine Fort in Phoenix Park, on the initiative of the Duke of Wharton; intended as a refuge in the event of a rebellion in Dublin. It was known to Dubliners as "Wharton's Folly" (a name often mistakenly ascribed to the Magazine Fort, which was built years after Wharton's death). 

thornwood - a wood of thorns + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard, ch. 98: 'His usual path was by the Star Fort, and through the thorn woods between that and the Magazine. So I met him. I said I was for town, and asked him how he had fared in his business; and turned with him, walking slowly as though to hear. I had that loaded whalebone in my pocket, and my sword, but no pistol. It was not the place for firearms; the noise would have made an alarm. So I turned sharp upon him and felled him. He knew by an intuition what was about to happen, for as the blow fell he yelled "murder." That d——d fellow, Nutter, in the wood at our right, scarce a hundred yards away, halloed in answer. I had but time to strike him two blows on the top of his head that might have killed an ox. I felt the metal sink at the second in his skull, and would have pinked him through with my sword, but the fellow was close on me, and I thought I knew the voice for Nutter's. I stole through the bushes swiftly, and got along into the hollow under the Magazine, and thence on.' (Dangerfield or Charles Archer talking about how he clubbed Doctor Sturk).

The Brass Castle, Chapelizod, is Dangerfield's house in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's "The House by the Churchyard" [mutton candles flare there (ch. 86, ch. 92)].

flamb - originally a var. of flam(m)er (to flame)

muttoncandle - a candle made of mutton-fat

hoshekh (Hebrew) - darkness + (Hush, a horn!)

Gog and Magog - represent the nations that are deceived by Satan (Revelations, 20). In legends of Alexander, Gog and Magog are enemies he sealed behind a great wall in the Caucasus. In The Faerie Queene, Gogmagog is the chief giant of Albion + ghadhol (Hebrew) - great, big + almachtig (Dutch) - almighty + God Almighty!   

Cad e [El]? (kod e [El]) (gael) - What is [El]? + qodesh (Hebrew) - holiness + El (Hebrew) - God.

housefather - the father of a household or family

threateningly - in a threatening manner, menacingly + entreatingly - in a beseeching manner.

Brandenburg Gate (Brandenbunger Tor) - only remaining gate of the Berlin walls, is the entrance to Unter den Linden + Thor - Norse god of thunder.

Asa - a name applied to the Æsir, the major Norse gods

order + Arthur.

thundercloud - a storm-cloud charged with electricity, that sends forth thunder and lightning

periwig - a wig + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard, prologue: 'a thunder-cloud periwig' → 'Lately, too, came down the old 'Salmon House'—so called from the blazonry of that noble fish upon its painted sign-board—at the other end of the town, that, with a couple more, wheeled out at right angles from the line of the broad street, and directly confronting the passenger from Dublin, gave to it something of the character of a square, and just left room for the high road and Martin's Row to slip between its flank and the orchard that overtopped the river wall. Well! it is gone. I blame nobody. I suppose it was quite rotten, and that the rats would soon have thrown up their lease of it; and that it was taken down, in short, chiefly, as one of the players said of 'Old Drury,' to prevent the inconvenience of its coming down of itself. Still a peevish but harmless old fellow—who hates change, and would wish things to stay as they were just a little, till his own great change comes; who haunts the places where his childhood was passed, and reverences the homeliest relics of by-gone generations—may be allowed to grumble a little at the impertinences of improving proprietors with a taste for accurate parallelograms and pale new brick. Then there was the village church, with its tower dark and rustling from base to summit, with thick piled, bowering ivy. The royal arms cut in bold relief in the broad stone over the porch—where, pray, is that stone now, the memento of its old viceregal dignity? Where is the elevated pew, where many a lord lieutenant, in point, and gold lace, and thunder-cloud periwig, sate in awful isolation, and listened to orthodox and loyal sermons, and took French rappe.'

lightning bug - firefly + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 16: 'lightning bugs'.

aflash - flashing

my soul - exclamation of surprise + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 20: 'My souls, how the wind did scream along'. 

by jing! = by jingo! - a vigorous form of asseveration + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 32: 'By jings'.

work one's jaws - to talk, lecture, chatter incessantly + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 31: 'work your jaw' (chatter).

down the banks - a severe criticism, scolding, reprimand, or punishment (Origin: The steep banks found in peat bogs; those who fell off them rolled down into the deep, peaty water) + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 27: 'He give me down the banks'.

hark from the tomb - a scolding + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 26: 'give Hare-lip hark from the tomb!' (reproof).

ansiosa (it) - anxious (feminine)

pot still - a large bulging pot, cone shaped at the top, with a coil or worm leading from the peak of the cone + FDV: Ansiosa Annsighosa looks in the pot her potstill

souse - to prepare or preserve (meat, fish, etc.) by steeping in some kind of pickle, esp. one made with vinegar or other tart liquor; to drink so as to become intoxicated

sop - a piece of bread or the like dipped or steeped in water, wine, etc., before being eaten or cooked; a dish composed of soaked bread + soup.

sodden - saturated or soaked with water or moisture; boiled (obs.)

enow = enough + FDV: to see if at the sop is sodden enough and to hear what to all the bubbles besaying.

besay - to declare, speak about

joyous - having a joyful nature or mood + Joyous Gard, Sir Launcelot's castle, where Sir Tristram and La Beale Isoud stayed after break with King Mark (according to Malory) → Beardsley, Aubrey (1872-1898): "La Beale Isoud at Joyous Gard" (1894).

astir - in motion; fig. In excitement

stirabout - a bustle, a state of confusion; a dish formed of oatmeal boiled in water to a certain consistency and frequently stirred

saucy - flavoured with or pertaining to sauce (obs.); insolent towards superiors + FDV: A plagueful for hirs, a saucy for hers.

wonner - a dweller, an inhabitant + winner.

ein (ger) - one + FDV: But one and two were never worth.

twee - an imitation of the sound of a horn, and also of the notes of some birds + twee (Dutch) - two.

final - that which comes last; completion, end, finish; the final match between the winners of all previous matches in an elimination tournament

on parole -  a person on conditional release before he has completed his sentence + FDV: So they must have their final since he's on parole.

Napoleon: he has become female, while his two wives in the following line have become male + la pauvre (fr) - the poor (feminine) + Paul Léon - a friend of Joyce.

Maas, Joseph (1847-86) - English tenor who sang Des Grieux to Marie Roze's Manon

Bohemia - a kingdom of central Europe, forming part of the Austrian empire. Because the first gypsies came to France by way of Bohemia, it was believed to be the home of the gypsies and thence "bohemian" became a term for artists of unconventional habits. 

Florestan - husband of Leonore in Beethoven's Fidelio + Florestein - rival of Thaddeus in The Bohemian Girl.  

Hardress Cregan - cruel husband in The Colleen Bawn and The Lily of Killarney (opera based on Boucicault's The Colleen Bawn, in which the heroine is admired by Hardress Cregan and Myles-na-Coppaleen).

raptivitas (l) - tendency to rape + Judges 5:12: 'lead thy captivity captive' (Song of Deborah) + Psalms 68:18: 'thou hast led captivity captive'.

fionn (Irish) - fair

far la bella (it) - play the decisive game (in cards) + la bella (it) - the beautiful one (feminine).

icy - resembling ice; having the nature or properties of ice; fig. Of demeanour, character, speech, etc. + Iseult la Belle.

FDV: [Child will be childs Child will be wilds.] The campus calls them. Vamp, vamp, vamp the girls are merchand For they are not on terms, they two twain, since their baffle of whatalose when Adam Leftus Leftas and the devil took our hindmost [gegifting her the painapple] and will not be atoned at all in this fight to no finish [that dark deed doer, this wellwilled wooer, Jerkoff and Eatsoup,] while felixed is who culpas does and harm's worth healing and Brune is bad friendsch for Jour d'Anno. Tiggers and tuggers they're all for tenzones. For she will walk out. And it must be with who? Elsethere is danger of solitude.  

campus - a field on which the buildings of a university are situated + (notebook 1930): 'campus' The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XXVIII, 'Washington', 351a: 'The American University (chartered 1893), under Methodist Episcopal control... with a campus of 94 acres... in 1910 had not been opened to students'.

naoidheanan (ninan) (gael) - infant, young child + ninan (Bog Latin) - drum.

Gatling gun - a form of machine gun, with a cluster of barrels into which the cartridges are automatically loaded at the breech, invented by Dr. R. J. Gatling, and first used in the American civil war (1861-65).

Childs, Samuel - tried in Dublin in 1899 for murdering his brother, Thomas, and was acquitted

vamp - to make one's way on foot; to tramp or trudge + Tramp, Tramp, Tramp, the Boys Are Marching (song).

merchand - obs. form of merchant

Dublin Horse Show + horseshoe magnet + {The horse show magnate [Chuff] draws them like a magnet, and those fillies fly}

magnetic field

filly - a young lively girl + (iron) filings (drawn by magnet).

educand - one who is to be or is being educated + educande (l) - O one to be educated + educande (it) - girl boarders (in convent schools).

Sorrento - the name of an Italian town in the province of Naples + SORRENTO - Sorrento Road runs South-East from the center of Dalkey to Vico Road. The Clifton School, Dalkey, where James Joyce taught for 4 months in 1904, was on Sorrento Road. 

VICO ROAD - The shore road from Dalkey to Killiney, along Dublin Bay, South-East of Dublin. It intersects Sorrento Road.

arranged + arraign - to call before a court to answer an indictment. 

array - arrangement in line or ranks, esp. martial order; outfit, attire, dress; Now only poet.

flocking - gathering in crowds, congregating

fray - a noisy fight

orangery - a place appropriated to the cultivation of orange-trees + The Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order or the Orange Lodge, is a Protestant fraternal organisation which commemorates William of Orange, the Dutch prince who became King of Great Britain and Ireland in the Glorious Revolution of 1688. In particular, the Institution remembers the victories of William III and his forces in Ireland in the early 1690s, especially the Battle of the Boyne. 

brae - a hillside along the river + Dolly Brae - Orange song. Dolly's Brae is a road with a difficult pass in County Down. On July 12, 1848, a large assembly of Ribbonmen gathered with the intent of stopping the traditional march of Orangemen to Tollymore. The Orangemen were forewarned and avoided the Brae that year. Naturally, the opposition had a field day with that and songs appeared about their cowardice. So in 1849, they went through the Brae without problem. On the return from Castlewellan, they were ambushed at the Brae. They were prepared for such an eventuality and their return fire dropped over a score of men, without sustaining any losses themselves. An outcome of this encounter was recounted in a song + Good-bye, Dolly Gray (song): ''Tis the tramp of soldiers true / In their uniforms of blue, / I must say good-bye to you, / Dolly Gray!'

on terms - on friendly terms, friendly, sociable; in sporting slang, on terms of equality, on an equal footing (with)

twain - two; twins (pl.) + FDV: For they are not on terms, they two twain, since their baffle of whatalose

betroser - Bog Latin for: "brother" + Bart (ger) - beard + Ross (ger) - steed.

baffle - the state of one who is baffled or bewildered + battle


left us + Loftus, Adam (1533-1605) - Archbishop of Armagh and Dublin, first provost of Trinity College, lord chancellor of Ireland. He suggested the establishment of Trinity College, Dublin (Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic mentions he lived in a district of Dublin then known as 'Hell') + FDV: when Adam Leftus Leftas 

devil take the hindmost - person who is last must expect the worst fate!

begift - to present with gifts

pineapple - the juicy edible fruit of the Ananas; a bomb, a hand grenade or light trench mortar + Motif: Cain/Abel (according to Kabbalists, Cain was the offspring of Satan and Eve) + {Glugg poisoned Issy with his [crab/pine] apple in the riddle competition of "when is a man not a man"}

atone - to bring into concord, reconcile, unite in harmony

doer - one who does, one who performs some act or deed

wellwilled - kindly or favourably disposed

wooer - one who woos a woman, esp. with a view to marriage, a suitor

jerk off - someone of little or no account; a fool, a stupid person + jerk off (Slang) - to masturbate + Jacob and Esau.

yem = eme - an uncle; also dial. a friend, gossip

yan = one + yin-yang - the combination or fusion of the two cosmic forces; esp. as yin-yang symbol, a circle divided by an S-shaped line into a dark and a light segment, representing respectively yin and yang, each containing a 'seed' of the other.

felix (l) - happy

culpa (l) - sin

brune - a dark-complexioned girl or woman, a brunette (fr. brown) + Bruno.

jour - a day + jour de l'an (fr) - New Year's Day.

de anno (l) - from the year + Giordano.

tigger - one who 'tigs' or touches; the pursuer in the game of 'tig'

tugger - one who tugs or pulls with force; spec. one who pulls in a tug-of-war

tenzon = tenzone (it) - variant of tenson (a contest in verse between rival troubadours; a piece of verse or song composed for or sung in such a contest)

Bett (ger) - bed + brav im Bettli (ger) - well behaved in bed + betlim (Bog Latin) - contest + battling braves.

reintroduce - to introduce again + reintroducing Jerry (*C*) + FDV: Postreintroducing Jeremy. The flowing tale that knows no brooking runs on to say, His lasterhalft was set for getting the bester of his yougendtougend for control number thrice was operating the sibliminal of his invaded personality. He nobit smorfi endgo poltra poltri & all the tonto tondo gang bola del ruffo. Barto no know him mor, eat larti autruis with most perfect stranger.

cast out - to throw out of one's house, one's keeping or preservation + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 599: 'large Limes, Horse-chestnuts and Planes' + unchaste.

coulter - a blade or wheel attached to the beam of a plow that makes vertical cuts in the soil in advance of the plowshare; a sharp steel wedge that precedes the plow and cuts vertically through the soil + colt + Fitzpatrick: The Trees of Ireland 610: 'Abies venusta... was discovered by Coulter in 1831'.

taal - the Dutch word for language, speech; tale + tál (Irish) - flow, flowing; yield of milk + FDV: The flowing tale that knows no brooking runs on to say,

brook - to put up with, bear with, endure, tolerate

mutualiter (l) - interchangeably, reciprocally

foretold - predicted; before mentioned (obs.) + 'it is foretold of him how' (notebook 1924).

timekiller - one who or that which 'kills' time: said of a person, an amusement, etc.

veloces ambos (l) - both swift + vel ambos (l) - or both if you wish + vélos (fr) - bicycles.

Arbeit nicht + Knecht (ger) - servant + Arabian Nights ('The Book of the Thousand Nights and a Night') + Rubaiyat (of Omar Khayyam).

wheels within wheels - a complexity of influences (Ezekiel 1:16)

stuck - a thrust or lunge; Fencing. A thrust with a pointed weapon + Stuck (ger) - piece.

spoke - one of the set of staves, bars, or rods radiating from the hub or nave of a wheel and supporting the felloes or rim

stene - a vessel for liquids (or, in later use, for bread, meat, fish, etc.), usually made of clay, with two handles or ears + stena (Serbian) - stone.

run away with - to depart surreptitiously with, to carry off (something); to consume or exhaust + Wage (ger) - scales + age of the use of reason - for Roman Catholics, age at which a child is capable of committing sin.

run amok - to run viciously, mad, frenzied for blood

lasterhalft (ger) - spoiled, rotten, sinful + Laster (ger) - vice + helft (Dutch) - a half.

Jugend (ger) - youth + Tugend (ger) - virtue.

subliminal - below the threshold of sensation or consciousness (said of states supposed to exist but not strong enough to be recognized); that which is subliminal, the subliminal self.

nobis (l) - to or by us + obit (l) - he [she, it] passes over, dies.

smorfia (it) - grimace, wry face + smorfire (Amaro) - to eat.

poltriero (Amaro) - bed

tondo - an easel painting of circular form; also a carving in relief within a circular space (It., a round, circle, compass; also a round trencher, plate, or little dish) + tondo (Amaro) - the world (literally 'round').

bola dal ruffo (Amaro) - hell (literally 'city of red').

Bartolo - old man in love with young Rosina in Rossini's Barber of Seville. See Letters, II, 202 + baito (Amaro) - house. 

mor = more (obs.)

eat (l) - let him go, he should go

larto (Amaro) - bread + lardo (l) - with lard.

altruis (l) - to or by others + Dante: Paradiso XVII.58: 'Tu proverai si come sa di sal lo pane altrui' (it): 'Thou shalt by sharp experience be aware how salt the bread of strangers is'.

boo - a sound imitating the lowing of oxen; also used to express contempt, disapprobation, aversion + boohoo - a word imitative of the sound of noisy weeping or laughter; also an expression of contempt.

through - finished, at an end, 'done'; defeated, 'done for' + 'you're through, I'm true' (notebook 1924).

hoo - a natural exclamation, used to express various feelings, as a call to attract attention, etc.

teacan - a metal can used for brewing or carrying tea + Men, ti kanete semeron, ho emou mauro kyrio? (gr) - Well, how do you do today, my dark gentleman?

simmer - Of liquids: To make a subdued murmuring sound under the influence of continued heat; to be at a heat just below boiling-point

mavrone - anglicized form of Irish mo bhrón my grief, used as an exclamation of sorrow

Kerry - The name of a town and neighbouring range of hills in the county of Powys, on the Welsh borders

teapot - a pot with a lid, spout, and handle, in which tea is made or brought to table + Ti pote. Ti pote (gr) - (1) Why?; (2) 'Not too bad' + Tipote, kyrie, tipote (gr) - Why, Lord, why?.

God knows - Used with indirect question to imply that something is unknown to the speaker, and probably to every other human being + (God knows. Everything is ruined and meaningless).

FDV: He wept undeiterum. With such a tooth he seemed to love his wee tart when a buy. Highly momourning he see thee before him; Melanied from nape to kneecap though vied from thigh girders up. San Talto, sight most deletious! Lift the black blank ve veared as hell! Split the hvide, and aye seize heaven. He knows for he's seen it in black & white. Tantamount to a clearobscure. Prettymaide hues may have their cry apple, bacchante, custard, dove, eskimo, fawn, ginger, hemalite isinglass, jet, kipper, lucile, mimosa, nut, oysterette, prune, quasimodo, royal, sago, tango, umber, vanilla, wistaria, xray, yesplease, zaza, philomel, theerose. What are they all by? Shee.

in the interim - in the meantime, meanwhile + inde (l) - from that place, thence + iterum (l) - again, a second time + inde iterum (l) - after that again.

toot - an act of tooting; a note or short blast of a horn, trumpet, or other wind instrument

tart - Applied, gen. (orig. often endearingly) to a girl or woman + My Sweetheart When a Boy (song).

mourning - feeling or expression of sorrow; sorrowing, lamentation + The Lily of Killarney (song): Eily Mavourneen, I See Thee before Me + 'sea of murmuring depths' (notebook 1924).

melaino (gr) - to blacken + maligned + {Murmuring, in mourning, he sees her there before him. Dressed in black from her knee to collar, though [underneath] white [wide] from the garters up.}

kneecap - the convex bone in front of the knee-joint

vie - to enter into, or carry on, rivalry + white.

girder - a main beam in a framed floor + garters

Santalto, Holy (Italian "High Saint") - Mr Schenoni points out that this is Italian thieves cant for "God" Sant' Alto (Amaro) - God (literally 'Saint High').

cursing saint (Joyce's note)

delicious - highly pleasing or enjoyable to the bodily senses + deleterious.

ross - to divest of the ross, or rough, scaly surface; as, to ross bark (of a tree) + rise up + rosso (it) - red + rosso (Amaro) - gold + Rosse, William Parsons, 3d earl of (1800-67) - Irish astronomer, telescope maker, born Lord Oxmantown. He peeps at stars and girls' petticoats (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).


exude - to sweat out or give off like sweat; to discharge through the pores + oxide

margary - variant of margery (a pearl) + (his eyes reddened like the oxide of mercury).

heavy - to weigh down, to burden, to oppress, grieve, distress

eyerim - a circular single eye-glass, adapted to be held to its place by the contraction of the orbital muscles + iron

rust - a red, orange, or tawny coating formed upon the surface of iron or steel by oxidation, esp. through the action of air or moisture + rust (Dutch) - rest.

an (Archaic) - if

bare (Danish) - only, just + Exodus 20:16: 'Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour'.

witless - lacking wisdom or sense, unreasonable, foolish, heedless + witness

slight - unimportant, trifling

word + {his red eyes bore false witness about how deep was his hidden wound [his love for her]}

cold water + saltwater.

blong (Beche-la-Mar) - of + {Glugg washes his bruise; he doesn't want the girls, who belong to Chuff, to see it}

whence - from what place? from what source, origin, or cause?

lost + Joyce's note: '*C* pain in lost limb (innocence)'.


mode - a way or manner in which something is done or takes place; a method of procedure in any activity, business, etc.; a prevailing fashion or conventional custom, practice or style; esp. one characteristic of a particular place or period; a particular scheme or system of sounds.

moran mo (moran mo) (gael) - much more

mannerish + Männer (ger) - men + männisch (ger) - masculine.

tarara - a word imitating, and hence denoting, the sound of a trumpet or bugle; high-flown, loud, extravagant, or pretentious talk + Teamhar (t'our) (gael) - Prospective-hill; ancient royal capital of Ireland (deserted after Saint Ruadhan cursed it); anglic. Tara.

boom - a loud, deep sound with much resonance or humming effect, as of a distant cannon, a large bell, etc. + boom (Dutch) - tree.

decay - to lose its characteristic quality, strength, or excellence; to be in a failing condition + Ta Ra Ra Boom De Ay (song) + 'stand for any W after the Tarara boom decayed' (notebook 1924) [explosion motif].

immaculacy - freedom from stain or blemish

give to drink to shirt (notebook 1924)

scorta (l) - harlots, prostitutes + curta (l) - shortened + (short skirts) + (a prostitute was not allowed to wear the normal feminine stola, had to change her dress). 

tunic - a garment worn by women, consisting of a bodice and an upper skirt, belted or drawn in at (or fitted to) the waist, worn over and displaying a longer skirt. A prostitute's was no different from anyone else's + change one's tune (phrase) + 'change her tunic' (notebook 1924).

war - to make or carry on war; to fight

from first to last - from beginning to end, throughout

verbannt (ger) - exiled + forbanne (Norwegian) - curse.

betweenly (notebook 1924)

smuggler - someone who imports or exports without paying duties + struggle for life.

lifer - a sentence for life; one who leads a life of a specified character + 'a smuggler for life' (notebook 1924).

ve = we; wee + veil + be feared + revered.

heil (ger) - hail + veer and haul - to haul and slack alternately on a rope, as in warping, until the vessel or boat gets headway + Hell.

hvide (Danish) - whites + (white light split into colours of rainbow) + {Lift the black [Izod’s black dress] weird as hell! Split the white [Izod’s undergarments] and see heaven [or seven colours]}

eye + I see seven (colours) [.35-.36]

in black and white - in writing or in print

eartrumpet - an apparatus in the form of a straight or convoluted conoidal tube, used by  persons somewhat deaf, to enable them to hear more distinctly + trompe-l'oeil (fr) - optical illusion, a painting intended to give an illusion of reality (literally 'deceives the eye') + (telescope).

jenny - the female name; a female bird or donkey + jinnies [008.35-.36]

tantamount - that amounts to as much, that comes to the same thing; equivalent + Sandymount - district of Dublin.

clearobscure = chiaroscuro - the style of pictorial art in which only the light and shade, and not the various colours, are represented; fig. Used of poetic or literary treatment, criticism, mental complexion, etc., in various obvious senses, as mingled 'clearness and obscurity', 'cheerfulness and gloom', 'praise and blame,' etc.

tint - a colour, hue, usually slight or delicate

taunt - an insulting or provoking gibe or sarcasm; a mocking or scornful reproach or challenge + 'girl is pained by other's slighting' (notebook 1924).


bacchante - bacchus-worshipping, wine-loving; a priestess or female votary of Bacchus [wore fawn skins (orange)] + *Q* (twenty-seven or twenty-eight colours).

custard - a dish made with eggs beaten up and mixed with milk to a stiff consistency, sweetened, and baked + (yellow)

dove = dovecolour - a warm grey with a tone of pink or purple

Eskimo - a member of a widely spread people inhabiting the Arctic from Greenland to Eastern Siberia + (blue with cold).

feldgrau (ger) - the regulation colour of the uniform of a German infantryman

hematite - native sesquioxide of iron (Fe2O3), an abundant and widely distributed iron ore, occurring in various forms (crystalline, massive, or granular); in colour, red, reddish-brown, or blackish with a red streak.  

isinglass - a firm whitish semitransparent substance (being a comparatively pure form of gelatin) obtained from the air-bladders of some fresh-water fishes, esp. the sturgeon + FDV: hemalite isinglass

jet - the colour of jet; a deep glossy black

kipper - a name given to the male salmon (or sea trout) during the spawning season

mimosa - a yellow colour resembling that of the mimosa

nut - a fruit which consists of a hard or leathery (indehiscent) shell enclosing an edible kernel; the kernel itself

prune - the dark reddish purple colour of the juice of prunes

Quasimodo - the name of the hunchback in Victor Hugo's novel Notre-Dame de Paris + quasi modo (l) - as if in the manner; almost in the manner.

royal - noble, splendid, first-rate + royal blue.

sago - a species of starch prepared from the 'pith' of the trunks of several palms and cycads, esp. Metroxylon lævis and M. Rumphii, chiefly used as an article of food.

tango - a colour shade of deep orange

umber - a brown earth used as a pigment; also, the colour of this

vanilla - a vanilla ice cream

wistaria - a light blue-purple shade, the colour of wistaria blossom

Xray - a form of radiation discovered by Prof. W. C. Röntgen of Würzburg in 1895, capable of passing in various degrees through many substances impervious to light, and of affecting a sensitized plate and thus producing shadow-photographs of objects inclosed within opaque receptacles or bodies.

philomel - a poetic name for the nightingale + philomele (gr) - fruit lover; the swallow or the nightingale.

theeroos (Dutch) - tearose + ('phi' and 'theta' from Greek alphabet)

shee = she + sidhe (shi) (gael) = shee (Anglo-Irish) - fairy.

nude - to strip, unclothe, make naked + FDV: If you knew her in her prime make sure you find her complimentary. Or by Angus Dagdasson & all his picciapiccions, on your very first occasion she'll prick where you're proud with hen speagle eye. Look sharp, she's signalling again from among the asters. Turn again wishfulton loud mere