customer - an official who collects customs or dues, a custom-house officer (obs.); one who consumes goods and services. The word historically derives from "custom," meaning "habit". A customer was someone who frequented a particular shop, who made it a habit to purchase goods there, and with whom the shopkeeper had to maintain a relationship to keep his or her "custom," meaning expected purchases in the future + *O*

Patricius (l) - Patrick + Saint Patrick College in Maynooth, the principal Irish seminary for the training of the diocesan priesthood.  

annuary - a book of which successive numbers are published once a year, usually at the same date; esp. one that conveys information for the year, or reviews the events of the past year.

colporteur - hawker of books, bibles, etc. + cold porter.


locomotive - Of a person: That is constantly travelling from place to place + 'The Book of The Hidden Chamber' (ca. 1426 BCE) or the 'Twelve Hours of the Night' → Decanal "star clocks" decorated the interior of Egyptian (wooden) coffin lids, in both drawings and texts, starting circa 2100 BCE. The use of the decan stars for time measurement during the night likely led to the twelve-division of the period of complete darkness. Of the 18 decans marking the period from sunset to sunrise 3 were assigned to each interval of twilight. This left 12 decans to mark the hours of total darkness. The "hours" successively marked by each decan star for an interval of 10 days were, however, actually only an "hour" of approximately 45 minutes duration. (Each decan would rise approximately 45 minutes later each night.) The division of the hour into 60 minutes was the invention of the Babylonians. The decanal system has been traced back as far as the 3rd Dynasty (circa 2800 BCE) and may be older still.

inn = in

outing - the action of going out or forth, an expedition

sloppily - in a sloppy or slovenly manner + FDV: The Customers, a bundle of representatives who are served by

Saunderson - Man Servant (*S*) + Sackerson - the name of a bear kept near the Globe Theatre in Shakespeare's time → Great Bear constellation, "3D Time" + FDV: Sanderson, a spoilcurate, butt of

knut - a fashionable or showy young man + Knut - Scandinavian first name, derived from the Old Norse Knútr meaning "knot".

Oel (ger) - oil + øl (Danish) - beer + svinge (Danish) - to brandish.

tiff - to drink, to sip + Taff + Tuesday.

in bad - out of favour (with, etc.), in bad odour + bad (Danish) - bath + (in bed).

flatfish - a name for fish of the family Pleuronectidæ, which includes the turbot, plaice, etc.

torchbearing - that carries a torch. Also fig.

aap (Dutch) - ape + Joyce's note: 'apes bearing torches at Cena' + Joyce's note: 'Eve f - by ape'.

dud - an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual

halfsovereign - an English gold coin, nominally worth 50 pence (ten shillings)

nochi (Serbian) - nights + chai (Serbian) - tea.

roly poly - a kind of pudding, consisting of a sheet of pastry covered with jam or preserves, formed into a roll and boiled or steamed + rullepølse (Danish) - rolled meat sausage.

GLEN OF THE DOWNS - Wooded area, a valley without a river, 1 mile West of Delgany, Co Wicklow, on the Dublin-Wicklow Road. 

Rolf Ganger ("walker") or Rollo - chief of the Normans who invaded France, first duke of Normandy + Gungnir - Odin's spear. 

gas-works - An unhealthy place to work, for this was a plant where burning coal was turned into gas to be used for light and heat in Dublin. Probably the cause of Michael Fury's tuberculosis in The Dead + Werk (ger) - factory, work.

Loki - Norse god of mischief and evil, who contrived the death of Balder. In the great conflict of the gods and the giants Loki was a hybrid, able to converse with both parties. But he was ultimately evil. 'When the gods were reduced to the rank of demons by the introduction of Christianity, Loki was confounded with Saturn, who had also been shorn of his divine attributes, and both were considered the prototype of Satan." If Classical mythology is required of FW we must make Saturn S, Jupiter HCE and Mercury Shaun-Shem + Lucky Strike (cigarettes). 

o.s.v. = og saa videre (Danish) - and so on

Schererei (ger) - trouble + Scheren (ger) - scissors + Schein (ger) - appearance, light.

milieu - the totality of surrounding conditions and circumstances affecting growth or development: ambiance, atmosphere + mildew - a fungus that produces a superficial (usually white) growth on organic matter.

butt - a buttock + Butt [.06]

Rachel - the stage-name of Elisa Félix (1820-58), French actress + Rachel and Leah - wives and nieces of Jacob + *K* + FDV: Kate, cook-and-general.

VARIAN AND CO - Brush manufacturers, long at 91-92 Talbot Street.

forking - the action of the vb. fork + fortunes. 

purdah - a curtain; esp. one serving to screen women from the sight of men or strangers

palmer - a person who palms (conceal in the palm) a card, die, or other object, as in cheating at a game or performing a magic trick + (notebook 1931): 'card palmer' Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 167: (of a conjurer appearing in Dublin theatres) 'M. Guibal, formerly a French professor in a ladies' college in Dublin... was an unrivalled card-palmer, his dexterity and adroitness being marvellous'.

tosspot - one accustomed to toss off his pot of drink, a heavy drinker, a toper, drunkard

pawse = pause

kook - a cranky, crazy, or eccentric person + cook

drudge - one employed in mean, servile, or distasteful work; a slave, a hard toiler

(one thing, that is, playing 'House by the Churchyard' or 'What’s up in Asgaard', the show must go on.)

whort = whortleberry - the blue black fruit or the dwarf shrub, or the plant itself

ASGARD (ASGAARD) - The realm of the Aesir or Scandinavian gods; situated in center of universe, accessible only by the rainbow bridge (Bifrost); among regions contained are Gladsheim and Valhalla.

the show must go on - things (orig. a circus or theatrical peformance) must carry on as planned despite difficulty, calamity, etc.

pressant (fr) - urgent

FDV: with battlepictures worked up by Messrs Blood and Thunder, costumes designed by Madame Delamode, dances arranged by Harley Quin and Column Bin, songs, jokes and properties for the wake supplied by Mr Timothy Finnegan, the whole to be wound up with a magnificent transformation scene showing the Wedding of Night and Morning and the Dawn of Peace waking the Weary of the World. An argument follows.

onehorse - on a small scale; of small and limited resources or capacity + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 20: 'one-horse town'.

pageant - an elaborate representation of scenes from history (usually involves a parade with rich costumes)

work up - to build up, construct, form

evergreen + Everglades - mangrove swamp, Florida.

mangrove - a tropical tree or shrub bearing fruit that germinates while still on the tree and having numerous prop roots that eventually form an impenetrable mass and are important in land building + maze - complex system of paths or tunnels in which it is easy to get lost.

Beobachter (ger) - observer

blood and thunder - violence in a film, book, etc. + (notebook 1931): 'blood & thunder' Hall: Random Records of a Reporter 161: (of R.M. Levey describing his early experience of a theatre performance by Sir Henry Irving) 'I will never forget it... The play was one of the blood and thunder type, Jack Sheppard or Robert Macaire - I forget the title'.

film - a cinema performance

good people (Anglo-Irish) - fairies

prompting - an incitement to action, an instigation

elanio vitale (Italian) = élan vitale (French) - vital impulse (term used by French philosopher Henri Bergson to represent the creative principle and fundamental reality immanent in all organisms and responsible for evolution).

long shot - something incredible or very unlikely, a far-fetched explanation, a wild guess; a cinema or television shot which includes figures or scenery at a distance.

upclose - to close up (in various senses) + close up - a cinema or television shot taken at short range in order to magnify detail.

blackout - the darkening of a stage during a performance; a darkened stage

hexen (l) - to divine + schuss (l) - shoot + Hexenschuss (ger) - stabbing pain at onset of acute lumbago (literally 'witch-shot').

cauchemar (fr) - nightmare

incubo (l) - to lie + incubus (l) - nightmare + incubone (it) - big nightmare.

Roc na Raig (ruknurag) (gael) - Gully of the Chasm + Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods.

berthe - a deep falling collar, usually of lace, attached to the top of a low-necked dress, and running all round the shoulders + Bertha Delimita - Joyce's niece.

harlequin - a character in Italian comedy. In English pantomime a mute character supposed to be invisible to the clown and pantaloon; he has many attributes of the clown (his rival in the affections of Columbine) with the addition of mischievous intrigue; he usually wears particoloured bespangled tights and a visor, and carries a light 'bat' of lath as a magic wand.

Columbine - a character in Italian Comedy, the mistress of Harlequin + beina (Norwegian) - the legs.

jest - a humorous anecdote or remark

jig - a piece of sport, a joke

jorum - a large drinking-bowl or vessel; the amount that such a bowl contains

the late lamented - someone recently dead + cemented - treated with cement

Tem or Atem - Egyptian creator god who peopled the world by spitting or masturbating onto the primordial mudheap at Heliopolis. His name is thought to be derived from the word 'tem' which means to complete or finish. Thus he has been interpreted as being the 'complete one' and also the finisher of the world, which he returns to watery chaos at the end of the creative cycle. As creator he was seen as the underlying substance of the world. As in Middle Egyptian vowels are not indicated, all that is sure about the god's name is that its consonants were t and m. Atem, Atoun, Tem, Temu have all been used by scholars. By this pattern, t-m is named in every Tim Finnegan. 

R.I.C. - Royal Irish Constabulary + R.I.P. - requiescat in pace, 'may he rest in peace'.

Ouida - the nom-de-plume of the English novelist Marie Louise de la Ramée (1839-1908) + oui (fr) - yes + da (Russian) - yes + ikke (Danish) - not + ikke nu (Danish) - not now + Ouida Nooikke - yes no. 

lime = limelight - the intense white light for important actors and scenes

flood - light that is a source of artificial illumination having a broad beam

KREUGER AND TOLL - Through his Swedish Match Co, Ivan Kreuger lit up the world by controlling through state monopolies more than 65% of the world's match production before the collapse of his financial empire after 1929.

kopaj (Serbian) - dig, excavate + cap a pie - an Old French expression, meaning to be armed from head-to-foot.

piob (pib) (gael) - pipe + pibe (Danish) - pipe.

KAPP AND PETERSON - Tobacconists, pipe manufacturers. Around the turn of the century, at 53 Grafton Street and 56 South King Street + kapa (Serbian) - hat. 

hovedpine (Danish) - headache + hoved (Danish) - head + hoed (Dutch) - hat. 

venthole - a hole or opening for the admission or passage of air, light, etc.

morgen = morn + MORGAN, JOSEPH, MRS - Hat manufacturer, 9 Grafton Street, around the turn of the century.

bosse = boss

Strindberg, August (1849-1912) - Swedish author of, among other things, A Dream Play; a hater of women. His 3d wife, Harriet Bosse, in 1914 ran a Paris nightclub, "The Cave of the Golden Calf," where were played "violent Vorticist assaults on the drama." 

take for granted - to regard as not requiring proof, or as likely to be admitted by everyone + graft - to insert (a shoot from one tree) as a graft into another tree. 

Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods + "yours till the rending of the rocks, — Sham." [170.24]

Venetian blind - a window-blind composed of narrow horizontal slats so fixed as to admit of ready adjustment for the exclusion or admission of light and air + Phoenician. 

Sardinian - rel. to Sardinia + sourd (fr) - deaf.

doorposts + doof (ger) - stupid, tiresome + deaf as a post (phrase) + Motif: ear/eye (deaf/blind).

Shauvesourishe - French chauve-souris, "bat." Mr Wilder says also a Paris organized Russian troupe of entertainers. 

Wohnbedarf (ger) - home furnishings + wohnt (ger) - lives, resides + Bedarf (ger) - requirement.

eke - an addition, a piece added on, a supplement + eik (Dutch) - oak + wild silkworms feed on oak leaves but are cultured on mulberry leaves.

silktree - low headed spreading tree, possessed of the most graceful foiage + Silken Thomas Fitzgerald - 16 c. Earl of Kildare, Irish rebel.

chauve-souris (fr) - bat

seedman - a sower of seed

Grabstein (ger) - gravestone + Gladstone = G.O.M. ('Grand Old Man') [.35]

crack - a sudden sharp and loud noise as of something breaking or bursting; a sharp or cutting remark

smoker - one who smokes tobacco; one who jests at, or ridicules, others

gods - Theat. (So called because seated on high): The occupants of the gallery

interjection - an ejaculation or exclamation