pit - that part of the auditorium of a theatre which is on the floor of the house; now usually restricted to the part of this behind the stalls. 

accidental - without intention (especially resulting from heedless action); a musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural although that is not part of the key signature

providentially - by the ordination of divine providence

Larchet, John F. - orchestra leader at the Abbey, starting in 1908 + archet (fr) - bow (musical).

la corde (fr) - the string + (bow and string instrument, e.g. violin). 

score - Mus. A written or printed piece of concerted music, in which all the vocal and instrumental parts are noted on a series of staves one under the other.

to start with - 'to begin with', at the beginning + Genesis 1:1, John 1:1: 'In the beginning'.

Hirt (ger) - shepherd + heartly

bemark - to mark with the sign of the cross, to cross oneself

chorale - a composition, usually four-voiced, that proceeds in a primarily homophonic texture with both harmonic progression and individual voice-leading having equal importance  

canon - a contrapuntal piece of music in which a melody in one part is imitated exactly in other parts 

betune (Anglo-Irish) - between + tune - to utter or express (something) musically; to bring into accord or harmony, to attune.  

ambi (l) - both, around + Amphion - legendary singer, son of Zeus and Antiope, and twin brother of Zethus. Together they are famous for building Thebes. While Zethus struggled to carry his stones, Amphion played his lyre and his stones followed after him and gently glided into place.

ANNAPOLIS - city of Annu (the Egyptian name for Heliopolis) + Q: What technical means did they use to cut the stones and transport them? A: Sound wave focusing... Q: (L) Then, is there also specific sound configurations involved? A: Gravity is manipulated by sound when thought manipulated by gravity chooses to produce sound which manipulates gravity. (Ouiji Board Transcripts With Aliens From Constellation Cassiopeia by Laura Knight).

McCormack, John (1884-1945) - Irish tenor who went to America, made his pile, became an American citizen, a papal count. In FW III, i,ii, McCormack is one of the principal models for Shaun-Jaun, who sings McCormack's favorite songs; both are strongly identified with Don Giovanni - indeed, McCormack was called "Giovanni" in the musical world. The impression given by his wife is that he was, like Shaun-Jaun, a great child who ate and ate - food, drink, violins, motorcars, toy trains, chalices, yachts, Rodins - and grew heavier and heavier physically. Until his voice went, McCormack was, like Shaun-Jaun, a spellbinder so peerless that Woodrow Wilson begged him not to go in the army but stay on the home front "to keep the fountains of sentiment flowing." Anyone who wants to know what Shaun-Jaun looks like can turn to the pictures in Mrs McCormack's book, I Hear You Calling Me (Milwaukee, 1949). Shaun's uniform as King's Post owes, as Mr Atherton has shown, much to Sean the Post, but it must also be thought of as the regalia of the divinely complacent McCormack as papal count. Two other principal models for Shaun-Jaun are Hermes Trismegistus (see Thoth) and Wyndham Lewis, who Joyce was sure would make a "clamorous conversion" to Catholicism. (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake)

Sullivan, John - Irish-French operatic tenor about whose voice Joyce was (wrongly, his fiends thought) enthusiastic. Joyce described Sullivan in "From a Banned Writer to a Banned Singer" + sous le vin (fr) - under the wine. 

noble - a noble or famous person

soger = soldier

ef = ''F'' + if

thes = these; that

whot = hot + what

deux = deuce + deux (fr) - two + do

sauvequipeut - a general stampede or complete rout + sauve-qui-peut (fr) - save himself who can.

Oh Hoffnung der Rache, verlasse mich nicht! (ger) - Oh hope of revenge, abandon me not! + Der Rasche (ger) - the quick one.

climax - the highest point of anything reached by gradual ascent; the culmination, apex

Polyphemus - One of Homer's cyclops, one-eyed giant, outwitted by Ulysses or Noman, who got him drunk and blinded him + "Polyphemous is Ul's shadow" (Joyce's note) + Within the dreamer's rubbled body of matter - variously characterized as a mound, a hump, a middenheap, a "mudmound" (111.34), "the Bearded Mountain" - this sleeping figure muses, as if within a "museomound" (8.05), on materials that have gathered within him (John Bishop)

rutsch- (ger) - to slide

romp - to move easily and rapidly

nursery - a pond or place in which the young fry are reared

maidy - a little maid + Christa Winsloe: Mädchen in Uniform.

thingamajig - something that is hard to classify + The tradition of Gog and Magog begins in the Hebrew Bible with the reference to Magog, son of Japheth, in the Book of Genesis and continues in cryptic prophecies in the Book of Ezekiel, which are echoed in the Book of Revelation and in the Qur'an. The tradition is very ambiguous with even the very nature of the entities differing between sources. They are variously presented as men, supernatural beings (giants or demons), national groups, or lands. 

titular - one who has title or appelation of some kind, one who bears title or rank

wind up - to put in order and settle (an affair) with the view of bringing it to an end, to bring to a final settlement

enactment - the acting of a part or character in a play

19th century English pantomimes were usually composed of two unrelated parts, the pantomime proper followed by a comic harlequinade, connected through a transformation scene (often initiated by a fairy queen) in which the actors changed roles on stage.

radium - a radioactive element, chemically a member of the alkaline earth metals + Petit Journal called 70th wedding anniversary a radium wedding.

Neid (ger) - envy + night

moorn = morn; mourn + morning

perpetual - lasting or destined to last for ever, eternal

chuffy - plump cheeked, chubby; clownish, surly, morose

an angel + the game of Angels and Devils, or Colours; the Angels (*I* and *Q*) are grouped behind the Angel (*V*) and the Devil (*C*) has to come over three times and ask for a colour; if the colour he asks for has been chosen by any girl she has to run and he tries to catch her.

soard = sward; sore + sword


sing song - a ballad, a piece of verse, having musical rather than poetical qualities, esp. one of a monotonous or jingling character; to sing, make verses, utter words, etc., in a sing-song manner.

meekly - in a submissive or spiritless manner + prayer at end of Mass: 'Sancte, sancte, Michaelus, defende nos in praelio' ('Holy, holy Saint Michael, defend us in battle').

defende nos (l) - defend us + nous - mind, intellect, common sense.

prowl - to move about in or as if in a predatory manner + FDV: Chuffy was a nangel then and his soard fleshed light like likening. Fools top! Singty; sangty meeky loose, defendy nous in prayley boos. Make a shine on the curst. Emem.

sign + make a shine (Slang) - make a fuss, commotion

curst - that has had a curse pronounced or invoked upon him or it; excommunicated, anathematized; under a curse, blasted with a curse + cross

devil + FDV: But the duvlim sulph was in Glugger, that lost-to-lurning. Punct.

self + sulph- - Used as combining form of sulphur, in names of chemical compounds containing sulphur.

glugger (Anglo-Irish) - empty noise; a foolish boaster; egg that does not hatch (from Irish: gliogar).

loss to learning (notebook 1930)

punct - a punctuation mark, esp. full stop

puffing + sbuffare (it) - to pant, to puff, to snort

spitting + sputo (l) - to spit + sputare (it) - to spit.

tossing + tussio (l) - to cough.

anisine - an alkaloid formed by the action of ammonia upon hydride of anisyl + insane

weep out one's eyes - phr. expressing excessive or prolonged weeping + Isolde.

gnash - to strike together or grind the teeth, esp. from rage or anguish + Matthew 25:30: 'And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth'.

brevity - shorteness, esp. as applied to time + brevis dies (l) - [our] brief day: human life + brividi (it) - shivers + brevity of existence.

exister - one who or that which exists + FDV: He was sbuffing and sputing, tussing like anisine, whipping his eysoult and gmatsching his teats over the brividies from exsisters and the outher liubbocks of life.

outher - each (of two), either + other

lubach (lubokh) (gael) - deceitful, meandering + leabar (Irish) - book + Lubeck (city) + Revelation 20:12: 'the book of life' + John Lubbock, Lord Avebury: The Pleasures of Life.


Kelch (ger) - chalice, cup + quelque chose accablé (fr) - something overcome.

Kleeblatt (ger) - clover leaf + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies, song: Oh the Shamrock: 'Chosen leaf'.

prayse - the action of praising, the expression of admiration

club - a club-card, a card of this suit (a trefoil leaf in black); swords (correspond to spades) and clubs are the two black suits of Tarot pack

corset - a closely-fitting inner bodice stiffened with whalebone, and fastened by lacing + Matthew 25:41: 'Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels' (God's words on doomsday to the damned).

(devil's hoof)

faith, hope and charity (I Corinthians 13:13) + 'jarrety' is an Irish term for the leg + jarret (fr) - bend of the knee. 

djowr - an infidel + diabhal (d'oul) (gael) - devil + djavole (Serbian) - hey devil! + FDV: To part from thees, my corsets, is into overlusting fear. Acts of feet, hoof and jarrety. Djow Djowl, uphere!

amidst + minxi (l) - I have urinated

sombre - sombre character; sombreness (rare) + nombre (fr) - number + ombre (fr) - shadow + nombre (sp) - name, reputation.

James Joyce, Dubliners: 'Eveline'

Percival, Parsifal - Grail knight, subject of a Wagnerian opera + peaceful

suggestiveness - the quality of being suggestive

stir - movement, considered in contrast to or as an interruption of rest or stillness; slight or momentary movement + early stars.

zittter- (ger) - to tremble + zitte (Italian) - silent (feminine plural) + zitter or cither - stringed instrument dating from the Renaissance + glitterings of light.

twitch bell - an earwig

rondel - a circle, a circular object; kind of dance

waver - to sway to and fro

nightly - dark as, or with, night; resembling night + naughtily - wickedly, viciously (obs.)

descended - that has descended, fallen, or dropped

stairs + {the first stars appeared, the girls released their glittering light and circles of earwigs formed, and they shimmered as they descended in the air and shyly beckoned from behind his back. ‘Sammy, come on!’}

skylight - light from the sky; light coming into a room, etc., from above

beacon - to light up, as a beacon-fire does; fig. To give light and guidance to, to lead + beckon - to summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture.

FDV: Aminxt that nombre of evelings, but, how pierceful in their sojestiveness were those first girly stirs, with zitterings of flight releashed and twinglings of twitchbells in rondel after, with waverys waverings that made shimmershake rather nightily all the duskscended airs and shylit beaconings from shehind hins hims back.  

Sammy - a ninny, simpleton; In British use: an American soldier in the war of 1914-18, so called from the name Uncle Sam + Samuel (Beckett) + semicolon - ";"