The Merry Wives of Windsor

grocer = wholesaler + (the seven girls as women in later life) + FDV: The grocer's wife she slips her hand in the haricot bag,

bawd - a woman who engages in sexual intercourse for money + (notebook 1930): 'bawd = landlady' Jabotinsky: Samson the Nazarite 9: (of biblical times) 'at that time the inns were kept by women of the unattached prostitute class; the words "inn-keeper" and "bawd" were synonymous'.

haricot - a French variety of green bean plant bearing light-colored beans

lady in waiting - a lady who holds the position of attendant to a queen or princess

sup - a small quantity of liquid such as can be taken into the mouth at one time + FDV: the lady in waiting sips her sup from the paraffin can,

paraffin - a colourless (or white), tasteless, inodorous, crystalline, fatty substance, solid at ordinary temperatures

helter skelter - to throw away or off, in disordered haste + helt = 3 sing. pres. and pa. tense and pple. of hield - to take one's way, turn in a particular direction + skelt - to hasten, to be diligent + holds her skirt.

causeway - a raised road across a low or wet place, or piece of water; usually a paved way, such as existed before the introduction of macadamization.


instant + FDV: Mrs the Doctor runs out on the road the moment she hears of a tinkle of thunder, tunder,

tinkle - a sharp light ringing sound, such as that made by a small bell, or by pieces of metal, glass, or the like, struck together, etc.

tunder - a funnel; tinder + thunder

cat's cradle - a children's game in which two players alternately take from each other's fingers an intertwined cord so as always to produce a symmetrical figure + FDV: the widow Magrievy she knits cats' cradles,

bountiful - full of bounty, graciously liberal, generous + FDV: this lovely bountiful actress hides a sixpence under her tongue,

leash - to attach or connect by a leash; to beat or lash with a leash (obs.)

harrier - a kind of hound, resembling the fox-hound, but smaller, used for hunting the hare + (greyhound on Irish sixpence).

confession + FDV: and here's the girl who she went to said in kneeled in coldfashion coldfeshion and told her priest she spat on a chop and this lass not least she's a very rich woman who she writes her foot fortunes big times ever and over in the nursery dust with her capital toe thumb.

rectissime (l) - most righteously, most virtuously + ricchissime (it) - very rich (feminine plural).

many times over = many times

dust (Slang) - money

capital - main, leading, weighty, important, first-class

buzz - Said in the Variorum Shakspere (1803) to have been a common exclamation (of impatience or contempt) when any one was telling a well-known story; Schmidt and others say 'a sound to command silence' + (onomat.) + Joyce's note: 'Buzz (7)' Douglas: London Street Games 25: (of a girls' Children’s game: ) 'Buzz -- 'One player counts one then the next says two and so. Every 5 the player instead says buzz --'.

runaway - escaped or given to escaping

bound - to direct one's course

bopeep - a nursery play with a young child, who is kept in excitement by the nurse or play-mate alternately concealing herself (or her face), and peeping out for a moment at an unexpected place, to withdraw again with equal suddenness + {all girls like runaway sheep bound to go back to Bopeep [Izod], leaving their teenage years behind them}

teen (Dutch) - toe; osier-twig + 'Little Bo Peep She lost her sheep... dragging their tails behind them' (nursery rhyme).

'circle' (Children’s game): When I was a young girl: 'This way went I'

acrostic: WOBNIAR + FDV: And these ways wend they. And those ways wend they. Winnie, Olive and Beatrice, Nelly and Ida, Amy and Rue.

gay - full of or disposed to joy and mirth

pack - a company or set of persons; generally implying low character, or association for some evil purpose, but often merely expressing contempt or depreciation, and formerly sometimes without such implication.

floral - a dancer at the Floralia, a Roman festival in honour of the goddess Flora (obs.)

foncé (fr) - darkened

pansy - the common name of Viola tricolor, esp. of the cultivated varieties (violet)

papavere (l) = papavero (it) - poppy (red)

forget me not - a plant which flourishes in damp or wet soil, having bright blue flowers with a yellow eye

leaf (green) + While there's life there's hope (proverb).

prime time - spring time, spring (obs.) + primrose (yellow).

rose + rosemary - a woody, perennial herb with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. It is native to the Mediterranean region. Used in cooking and perfumes. Color of the flowers is white, pink, purple, or blue.

ancelle = ancille - a maid-servant (obs.) + ancelle (fr. slang) - whore + angels' + FDV: Here they come back, all the gay pack, for they are the florals, from foncey and pansey to papavere's blush, forsake-me-nought, while there's leaf there's hope, with primtim's ruse and marrymay's blossom, all the flowers of the ancelles' garden.

vice versa - 'the other way around', contrariwise + (notebook 1931): 'reversi' → Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 42: (from a diary of Isa Bowman's visit to Oxford, written by Carroll) 'In the evening they played at "Reversi"' (a game in which captured units are turned upside down to show the captor's colour).

thereout - outside of that place, out of that

palm - A 'branch' or leaf of the palm-tree, esp. as anciently carried or worn as a symbol of victory or triumph.

arbour - a shady sitting place, usually in a park or garden, and usually surrounded by climbing shrubs or vines and other vegetation + (notebook 1931): 'anger chamber'.

THREE ROCK MOUNTAIN - 9 miles South of Dublin, West of Dundrum-Enniskerry Road + Monaten (ger) - months.

scarcely - 'barely', 'only just'

scout - the action of spying out or watching in order to gain information + scope - the sphere or area over which any activity operates or is effective + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal II: 'the scout of ocean came, Moran the son of Fithil'.

virid - green, verdant

woad - the plant Isatis tinctoria, formerly extensively cultivated for the blue colouring matter furnished by it [(notebook 1930): 'woad'] + woede (Dutch) - fury.

tornament - torment + toorn (Dutch) - anger.

complementary - forming a complement, completing, perfecting

Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods

Punch - the name of the principal character, a grotesque hump-backed figure, in the puppet-show called Punch and Judy + poll (Slang) - head + The Devil's Punchbowl, chasm near Killarney. 

tummy - the stomach or intestine + Tam O'Shanter - a Scottish bonnet worn by men which was named after the character Tam o' Shanter in the poem of that name by Robert Burns. The bonnet is made of wool with a toorie (pompon) in the centre, and the crown is about twice the diameter of the head.

shentre (Irish Pronunciation) - centre + tummy's centre (navel).

outward - external, bodily + 'The outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace' (definition of a sacrament; there are seven sacraments in the Church: Baptism, Confirmation or Chrismation, Eucharist, Penance, Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders, and Matrimony [.29-.36]).

signs + FDV: But vicereversing what tornaments of rages racked the divlun's punchpoll as he displaid all the oath word science of his visible disgrace.

floored - brought to the ground, overpowered, done for + (HCE was floored by his lack of the riddle’s answer) + 'I'm feeling so funny all over the same, all through a
girl + I don't know her name
' (notebook 1924).

cue - Theatr. The concluding word or words of a speech in a play, serving as a signal or direction to another actor to enter, or begin his speech.

goodness gracious! - exclamatory phrase + 'goosey' (notebook 1924) [fowl motif]

I, he, etc. would fain - gladly, willingly, with pleasure

smiled me a smile (notebook 1924)

fondle - to behave, play, or speak fondly

praise - commendation of the worth or excellence of a person or thing, eulogy, laudation + fondly appreciate.

bit of fluff - a young woman + 'nice bit of fluff' (notebook 1924)

uncouth - awkward and uncultured in appearence or manners + 'geste revele l'inconnu' (notebook 1924) geste revèle l'inconnu (fr) - gesture reveals the unknown.

odds - 'chances' or balance of probability in favour of something happening or being the case


start from scratch - start from the beggining and without any advantages or help

dove - occasional pa. tense of dive + Baptism is the first and basic sacrament of Christian initiation. In the Western or Latin Rite of the Church, baptism is usually conferred today by pouring water three times on the recipient's head, while reciting the baptismal formula: "I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" (cf. Matthew 28:19). In the Eastern Catholic Churches immersion or submersion is used, and the formula is: "The servant of God, N., is baptized in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit." The sacrament frees from original sin and all personal sins, and from the punishment due to them.

Red Murray - John Murray (Joyce's uncle)

(notebook 1930): 'Stuart royal - dress' (dash dittoes 'Stuart'; only first two words crayoned)

puck - to hit or strike, to butt; a stroke + Confirmation or Chrismation is the second sacrament of Christian initiation. "It is called Chrismation (in the Eastern Churches: anointing with holy myron or chrism) because the essential rite of the sacrament is anointing with chrism. It is called Confirmation because it confirms and strengthens baptismal grace." It is conferred by "the anointing with Sacred Chrism (oil mixed with balsam and consecrated by the bishop), which is done by the laying on of the hand of the minister who pronounces the sacramental words proper to the rite." These words, in both their Western and Eastern variants, refer to a gift of the Holy Spirit that marks the recipient as with a seal. Through the sacrament the grace given in baptism is "strengthened and deepened." Like baptism, confirmation may be received only once, and the recipient must be in a state of grace (meaning free from any known unconfessed mortal sin) in order to receive its effects.

gillie - an attendant on a highland chief + giolla beig (gili beg) (gael) = gillie beg (Anglo-Irish) - little lad/servant + The Eucharist is the sacrament (the third of Christian initiation, the one that, as stated in CCC 1322, "completes Christian initiation") by which Catholics partake of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ and participate in his one sacrifice. The first of these two aspects of the sacrament is also called Holy Communion {hurry-come-union}. The bread (which must be wheaten, and which is unleavened in the Latin, Armenian and Ethiopic Rites, but is leavened in most Eastern Rites) and wine (which must be from grapes) used in the Eucharistic rite are, in Catholic faith, transformed in all but appearance into the Body and Blood of Christ, a change that is called transubstantiation. Only a bishop or priest is enabled to be a minister of the Eucharist, acting in the person of Christ himself. Deacons as well as priests are ordinary ministers of Holy Communion, and lay people may be authorized in limited circumstances to act as extraordinary ministers of Holy Communion. The Eucharist is seen as "the source and summit" of Christian living, the high point of God's sanctifying action on the faithful and of their worship of God, the point of contact between them and the liturgy of heaven. So important is it that participation in the Eucharistic celebration is seen as obligatory on every Sunday and holy day of obligation and is recommended on other days. Also recommended for those who participate in the Mass is reception, with the proper dispositions, of Holy Communion. This is seen as obligatory at least once a year, during Eastertide.

senses + Penance is the first of two sacraments of healing. The Catechism of the Catholic Church mentions in the following orders different names of the sacrament, calling it the sacrament of conversion, Penance, confession, forgiveness and Reconciliation. It is the sacrament of spiritual healing for a baptized person from the distancing from God resulting from sins committed. If a man sins after baptism, he cannot have baptism as a remedy; Baptism, which is a spiritual regeneration, cannot be given a second time. Reconciliation involves four elements: (1) Contrition (the Penitent's sincere remorse for wrongdoing or sin, repentance, without which the rite has no effect); (2) Confession to a Priest with the faculty to hear confessions (Canon 966.1) – while it may be spiritually helpful to confess to another, only a Priest has the power to administer the sacrament; (3) Absolution by the Priest; and, (4) Satisfaction or Penance. "Many sins wrong our neighbour. One must do what is possible in order to repair the harm (e.g., return stolen goods, restore the reputation of someone slandered, pay compensation for injuries). Simple justice requires as much. But sin also injures and weakens the sinner himself, as well as his relationships with God and neighbour. Absolution takes away sin, but it does not remedy all the disorders sin has caused. Raised up from sin, the sinner must still recover his full spiritual health by doing something more to make amends for the sin: he must 'make satisfaction for' or 'expiate' his sins. This satisfaction is also called 'penance'" (CCC 1459). In early Christian centuries, this element of satisfaction was quite onerous and generally preceded absolution, but now it usually involves a simple task for the penitent to perform, to make some reparation and as a medicinal means of strengthening against further temptation. The priest is bound by the "seal of confession", which is inviolable. "Accordingly, it is absolutely wrong for a confessor in any way to betray the penitent, for any reason whatsoever, whether by word or in any other fashion." A confessor who directly violates the sacramental seal incurs an automatic excommunication whose lifting is reserved to the Holy See.

martial - of or pertaining to war or battle

menial - pertaining to household; servile, sordid + sins, mortal and venial.

Shrove Sunday - the Sunday in Shrove-tide (the three days preceding Ash Wednesday, a period of confession, absolution and merrymaking just prior to Lent, especially so on Shrove Tuesday (from Archaic shrove: confessed, made penance)).

Mac an Pharsuin (mokun farsun) (gael) - son of the parson + Macpherson

excrement - to void excrement + excrementum (l) - refuse, excrement + munctum (l) - nose-blown + Anointing of the Sick is the second sacrament of healing. In this sacrament a priest anoints the sick with oil blessed specifically for that purpose. "The anointing of the sick can be administered to any member of the faithful who, having reached the use of reason, begins to be in danger by reason of illness or old age" (canon 1004; cf. CCC 1514). A new illness or a worsening of health enables a person to receive the sacrament a further time. When, in the Western Church, the sacrament was conferred only on those in immediate danger of death, it came to be known as "Extreme Unction", i.e. "Final Anointing", administered as one of the "Last Rites". The other "Last Rites" are Confession (if the dying person is physically unable to confess, at least absolution, conditional on the existence of contrition, is given), and the Eucharist, which when administered to the dying is known as "Viaticum", a word whose original meaning in Latin was "provision for a journey".

frothblower - a beer drinker

macIsaacs (notebook 1930)

belting - beating, thrashing

bout - a round of fighting; a contest, match, trial of strength; continued fit of drinking + Matrimony, or Marriage, like Holy Orders, is a sacrament that consecrates for a particular mission in building up the Church, and that provides grace for accomplishing that mission. This sacrament, seen as a sign of the love uniting Christ and the Church, establishes between the spouses a permanent and exclusive bond, sealed by God. Accordingly, a marriage between baptized people, validly entered into and consummated, cannot be dissolved. The sacrament confers on them the grace they need for attaining holiness in their married life and for responsible acceptance and upbringing of their children. As a condition for validity, the sacrament is celebrated in the presence of the local Ordinary or Parish Priest or of a cleric delegated by them and at least two other witnesses, though in the theological tradition of the Latin Church the ministers of the sacrament are the couple themselves. For a valid marriage, a man and a woman must express their conscious and free consent to a definitive self-giving to the other, excluding none of the essential properties and aims of marriage.


Much Ado About Nothing

aye - ever, always, continually

shameless - lacking shame, impudent, insensible to disgrace

tel = tell; till

Tartarean - of or belonging to the Tartarus of the ancients; hence, pertaining to hell or to purgatory; infernal + tartarin (Provençal) - monkey.

tastarin (Provençal) - somewhat

toothsome - pleasant to the taste, savoury

tourtons (Provençal) - small cakes for children

vestimentivorus (l) - garment-eating, clother-eater

chlamydophagos (gr) - cloak-eater

bretelle - each of the ornamental shoulder-straps extending from the waist-belt in front to the belt behind of a woman's dress + FDV: He dove his head into Wat Murrey, gave Stewart Ryall a puck on the plexus, wrestled a hurrycome-union with the Gille Beg, wiped all his sinses, martial and menial, out of Shrove Sundy MacFearsome, excremuncted himself as freely like (as) any frothblower into MacAlister, had a belting bout, chaste to chaste, with McAdoo abutt nothing and inbraced himself for any time untellable with what hung over from the MacSiccaries of the Breeks.

untellable - unspeakable, indescribable + Holy Orders is the sacrament by which a man is made a bishop, a priest, or a deacon, and thus dedicated to be an image of Christ. A bishop is the minister of this sacrament. Ordination as a bishop confers the fullness of the sacrament, making the bishop a member of the body of successors of the Apostles, and giving him the mission to teach, sanctify, and govern, along with the care of all the Churches. Ordination as a priest configures the priest to Christ the Head of the Church and the one essential High Priest, and conferring on him the power, as the bishops' assistant, to celebrate the sacraments and other liturgical acts, especially the Eucharist. Ordination as a deacon configures the deacon to Christ the Servant of All, placing him at the service of the bishop, especially in the Church's exercising of Christian charity towards the poor and preaching of the word of God.