hovel - a shed used as a human habitation, a rude or miserable dwelling-place; a stack of corn

havel - a term of reproach applied to a man; the awn of barley

rattle - lively talk or chatter of a trivial kind + rattled (Slang) - very drunk + riddle.

Tingsomingenting/Nixnixundnix (motif)

gin - if, whether + song: 'Gin a body meet a body, Comin' through the rye' (rye is used for the production of whiskey).

paddy - the proprietary name of an Irish whiskey; a drink of this. Also (sometimes with lower-case initial) Irish whiskey generally.

guten Appetit! (ger) - bon appetit!, enjoy your meal!

gussie - a pig, swine; an effeminate man

give it up + gif (Dutch) - poison + tope (Archaic) - to drink copiously and habitually.

ich (ger) - I + it

ish (Irish Pronunciation) - is + ish (Hebrew) - man.

home + shome (Irish Pronunciation) - some + Shem.

tumtum - an imitation of the sound of a stringed instrument or instruments, esp. when monotonously played; strumming; a monotonous air + tum (Danish) - empty + Lewis Carroll: Through the Looking-Glass ch. I: 'Looking-Glass House': 'Jabberwocky': 'the Tumtum tree' + The state of "tm" or Atum before his "hatching" is described as "floating" and "weary". Atum creates and completes the world for his own pleasure and according to his own heart (the image of masturbation). Other images convey the meaning of strong and powerful ejection (as in expectoration or ejaculation). Atum is both male and female and does not need a consort. The "zep tepi" emerges as the dreamed genesis (of the pantheon and its "golden" proportions) of an autarchic, masturbating bi-sexual African deity, who at the moment of ejaculation brings actual creation into being.

whereof - for, by reason of, because of, or on account of which

port - the manner in which one bears oneself, external deportment, carriage, bearing, mien

verdigrisy - of the colour of verdigris (a green or greenish blue substance) + verdant - of a green hue or colour; green with vegetation, characterized by abundance of verdure (plants or trees, or parts of these, in a green and flourishing state).

convict - proved or found guilty, condemned; convinced of sin, converted

daze - a dazed condition + FDV: My Cod, alas, that dear old dumty home / Whereof in youthfood's port I preyed / Amouk thy verdigrassy convinct vallsall dazes. / And cloitered for amourmeant in thy boosome shede!

cloister - to shut up, enclose, or place in a cloister or monastic house; to shut up in any seclusion or retirement

adorement - the act of adoring, adoration + amour (fr) - love.

shede = sheath + "My cot alas that dear old shady home / Where oft in youthful sport I played / Upon thy verdant grassy fields all day / Or lingered for a moment in thy bosom shade..." [From an early James Joyce's poem on Parnell (written at the age of nine), which (probably) his father, John Joyce, named 'Et Tu, Healy'.]

say a mouthful - to make a striking or important statement; to say something noteworthy

ecstasy - an exalted state of feeling which engrosses the mind to the exclusion of thought

yung (Chinese) - eternal, lasting + shy young thing.

Shina - the Indo-Aryan language spoken by the Shin + Shina (Japanese) - China.

yoru (Japanese) - night + yume (Japanese) - dream.

TIMOR SEA - The arm of the Indian Ocean between Indonesia and Australia + timor (Malay) - east. 

hereupon - immediately following upon this (in time or consequence)

maladventure - a lawless proceeding, an escapade; an unlucky undertaking, a misadventure

pinging - the process of making an abrupt ringing sound or 'ping'; the sound itself

tooth (error root of his wisdom)

Fonar - bard in Macphersom's Temora (Macpherson explains masc. personal name Fonar in Temora as "the man of song") [James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora II: 'First of bards... Fonar'] + funeral.

Festy King + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal III: 'O Fingal, king of shells!'

shelly - a shell; fig. Hollow-sounding, empty + Shelley + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal III: 'He gave the feast of shells' (shells were drinking vessels)..

google = goggle - Of persons: To turn the eyes to one side or other, to look obliquely + goog (Slang) - egg + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: 'by gurgling Moruth'.

Liffey + Richard Lovelace, poet.

regally - in a regal manner

feather - to cover or furnish with feathers + fratrem (l) - a brother.

plumed - furnished with a plume or plumes, feathered + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora III: 'The eagle wing of his helmet' (glossed in a footnote: 'The kings of Caledonia and Ireland had a plume of eagles' feathers by way of ornament in their helmets'). 

gumboil - an inflammatory swelling or small abscess on the gum (the firm fleshy integument of the jaws and bases of the teeth)

writhy - moving sinuously, writhing + John Boyle O'Reilly - poor journalistic nineteenth-century writer.

wretch - to render miserable + Richard.

Thomas D'Arcy McGee - poor journalistic nineteenth-century writer

plud - a pool, puddle + plus

Kevin Izod O'Doherty - 19th-century Irish patriot poet, sentenced to transportation. His sweetheart (Eva of the Nation), another poet, said, "I'll wait for you, O darling." And she did; Throughout Finnegans Wake the symbols of coffin and prison are identified with each other and with Hell. In I.4 it is never clear whether we are to consider Earwicker as buried, imprisoned, or damned. Significantly, then, the imprisoned O'Doherty's first name is elsewhere modulated to 'coffin'.

Denis Florence MacCarthy - poor journalistic nineteenth-century writer

as though his tooth had been sawn in two (Joyce suffered from his teeth at the time he wrote Finnegans Wake) + FDV: Hereapong shot pinging upthrough the errorooth of his wisdom as thought it had been zawhen intwo.

wholly - completely, entirely, to the full extent + all his anguish flooded.

sanguis (l) - blood + FDV: Wholly anguish 'sanguish blooded up discomvulsing the fixtures of his fizz.  

blooded - stained with blood (obs.)

convulse - to become convulsed; esp. to be affected with convulsion + disclose - to uncover (anything covered up from view).

fixture - anything fixed or securely fastened in position + features

fizz - a hissing sound; an effervescing drink, esp. champagne + phiz - face + Phiz - pen name of Hablot Knight Brown, who illustrated Dickens. 

chewer - one that chews; spec. that habitually chews tobacco + temperature.

chump - a short thick lump of wood chopped or sawn off from timber; Jocosely applied to the head.

Jujube or jube - name of several types of candy, varying in description on a regional basis

Tiberius Catius Silius Italicus (26-101 A.D.) - Roman epic poet. Starved himself to death to end an incurable disease + FDV: Apang which his temporychewer med him a crazy chump of a Haveajube Silly ass Sillsyass.

Joshua - Old Testament leader of the Israelites + (notebook 1930): 'Joshua, son of Nun' Blavatsky: Isis Unveiled II.256: 'Joshua, son of Nun (called Jesus in the Greek and Slavonian versions)'. 

Croesus - the Latin form of the name of a king of Lydia in the sixth century b.c., who was famous for his riches.

son of a gun - a somewhat depreciatory term for 'man, fellow' + Nunn (Hebrew "fish") - father of Joshua. In Egyptian religion 'Nun', the primordial, dark, everlasting, inert limitless ocean is not creative nor created. It has been always there and it will always be there. There is no escaping from it. It permeates every thing, and creation as a whole. The gods themselves have to deal with it. After the First Time, degeneration is thus inevitable, and if left by itself, creation would relapse into high-entropy (disorder of absolute chaos). Every energy or process of nature is doomed to be depleted without the quasi-eternal, limitless power of genesis, the moment between the hatching of Atum and the emergence of the first land.

Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 42: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CLXXV) 'In this chapter the deceased is assured of immortality in the words, "Thou shalt live for millions of millions of years, a life of millions of years"' [(notebook 1930): 'thou shalt live for millions of & millions of yrs, a life of millions of years'] + "How long shall I live?" asks Osiris, and Atum replies : "[Atum] decrees that You are for millions of millions of years, a period of millions of years." (Book of the Dead, chapter 175)

roseac - rose-like, rosy


lustre - luminosity, brilliancy; luminous splendour

puck - to hit or strike; to butt

Pegasus - (Greek mythology) Immortal winged horse that sprang from the blood of the slain Medusa. Tamed by Bellerophon with the help of a bridle given him by Athena. As the flying horse of the Muses it is a symbol of high-flying imagination + puga (l) - the rump, buttocks.

hell's bells! - an expression of anger or annoyance

nothing + FDV: Howlsbawls, like gnawthing unheardh!

by Jove - Colloquially used asseveration + Jove (Jupiter) - Roman god, who was identical with the Zeus, in ancient Greek religion chief deity of the pantheon.

Cronus - king of the Titans, upon learning that one of his children was fated to dethrone him, swallowed his children as soon as they were born. But Rhea, his wife, saved the infant Zeus by substituting a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes for Cronus to swallow and hiding Zeus in a cave on Crete + Chronides (gr) - son of Chronos (time).

summus (l) - highest

bate - to lessen in force or intensity; to mitigate, diminish + bite, bit, bit (bitten) + bate (Irish Pronunciation) - beat.

breastplate - a piece of armour for protecting the breast; also, any plate worn on the breast + (notebook 1923): 'hymn Breastplate of SP' Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 13: 'St. Patrick went to Tara with his companions... As they went along he chanted the beautiful hymn, which has become known as the 'Breastplate of St. Patrick,' in order to protect himself and his followers from the dangers'.

birthplace - the place where a person (or fig. a thing) is born

rehave - to regain, to get again

contrite - crushed or broken in spirit by a sense of sin, and so brought to complete penitence

attrition - Theol. An imperfect sorrow for sin, as if a bruising which does not amount to utter crushing (contrition); horror of sin through fear of punishment, without any loving sense, or taste of God's mercy, while contrition has its motive in the love of God.

mid - Indicating the means or instrument + mid (Old English) - with.

exorcism - the action of exorcizing or expelling an evil spirit by adjuration or the performance of certain rites + esercizio (it) - exercise.

richt - obs. or Sc. form of right

maltho (l) - to cement, to varnish + Mall-thost (moulhust) (gael) - Slow-Silence; Macpherson explains masc. personal name Malthos in Temora as "slow to speak" + Malthos - Irish chieftain in Cairbar's army, enemy of Fingal in James Macpherson's "The Poems of Ossian".

MORA - In Macpherson's poems, one of a chain of hills overlooking Moi-lena, the valley of the Lubar River, and the hill of Lora across the valley. Fingal spends most of his time there watching battles in the valley. In Temora, Malthos is one of Fingal's enemies + mor (mor) (gael) - big, great.

resume - to take back to oneself (something previously given or granted) + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: (Cairbar, after being frightened by the ghost of Cormac, whom he had slain) 'at length resumed his soul'.

Ferchios - in Macpherson's Fingal, said to mean "conqueror of men." Doubles with Yeats's song, "Who Goes with Fergus?" 

Allad - druid and seer in Fingal; Macpherson identifies Allad (gael. Aill-liath) in Fingal as "the grey-haired son of the rock"; the name is most unconvincing (O'Hehir, Brendan) [James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Fingal V: 'Go, Ferchios, go to Allad, the gray-haired son of the rock. His dwelling is in the circle of stones'].

Old Steine - place in Brighton + Stein (ger) - stone + A: What does Einstein mean? Q: 'One stone.' And a stein is a cup and a stone at the same time + stein song (U.S. Slang) - drinking song

threw - pa. tense of throw

fit - Sc. and dial. var. of foot + FDV: He threwed his fit up to his aers, roled his polygone eyes, snivelled from the snose and blew the guff out of his hornypipe.

aer - obs. form of ear

snivel - to emit mucus from the nose; also, to draw up mucus audibly

blow the gaff - to let out a secret; to reveal a plot, or give convicting evidence + guff - a puff, whiff; empty talk, nonsense.

hornpipe - an obsolete wind instrument + pipe (Slang) - penis.

hop joint - Slang: An opium den (a public room, of low or mean character, kept as a resort of opium-smokers).

jerk - an involuntary spasmodic contraction of a muscle, due to reflex action of nerves, as from external stimulus

ladle - a large spoon with a long handle and cup-shaped bowl, used chiefly for lading liquids + Little Brown Jug (song).

broom - an implement for sweeping

jig - fidgety movement

locofoco - (an invented word; it is not known what suggested the formation. It has been conjectured that loco was taken from locomotive, wrongly imagined to mean 'self-moving'; foco may be a jingling alteration of It. fuoco or Sp. fuego: fire) a self-igniting cigar or match + loco (Italian Archaic) - place + foco (Italian Archaic) - fire.

redhot - heated to redness. Of persons: Highly inflamed or excited, fiery.

turnspit - a roasting spit that can be turned

'Old Rosin the Beau' - song about a man, fond of drink, who begs friends to drink at his funeral and sprinkle his corpse with whiskey.

Ratskeller (ger) - Town Hall cellar + rathskeller (Slang) - tavern.

radius (l) - spoke of the wheel, staff, rod

Frankie and Johnny (song): 'He was my man, but he was doin' me wrong'

knot - a swelling or protuberance in a muscle, nerve, gland, etc.; something intricate, involved, or difficult to trace out or explain

entrails - the bowels, the intestines; the inward parts regarded as the seat of the emotions, thoughts, etc.; = 'heart', 'soul'.

grippe - influenza + grip - firm hold or grasp; a seizure or twinge of pain, a spasm.

gripe - the 'clutch' or 'pinch' of something painful. Formerly often in pl.; an intermittent spasmodic pain in the bowels. Usually pl., colic pains (Joyce suffered from his stomach at the time he wrote Finnegans Wake)

bite one’s head off - to speak or reply to (a person) in a curt, sharp, or angry manner.