cokery - a coke-furnace + coke - carbon fuel produced by distillation of coal.
spurt - gush forth in a sudden stream or jet of liquids
coal - a piece of burnt wood, etc., that still retains sufficient carbon to be capable of further combustion without flame; a charred remnant; a cinder.
tarpitch = tar - a thick, viscid, black or dark-coloured, inflammable liquid, obtained by the destructive distillation of wood.
dilute - weakened in consistency or strength by the addition of water or of anything having a like effect, watered down + turkish delight.
chromite - a compound of sesquioxide of chromium (Cr2O3) with the protoxide of another metal + chroma (gr) - skin; color inflammation of the skin; inflammation of color + colitis - inflammation of the colon.
mauve - a bright but delicate purple dye obtained from coal-tar aniline; the colour of this dye + Mowe (ger) - seagull.
blank - Of the face or look: Void of expression, expressing no attention, interest, or emotion; vacant + The Man That Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo (song).
carbo - Combining form of carbon (n.), used before consonants, in names of carbon compounds + carbo (l) - coal + Carbo - noted Roman family that supported the phlebeians.
inflammable - gas or liquid able to ignite, explode or have adverse effect on humans or animals; an inflammable substance. (Chiefly in pl.) + inflammabilis (l) - inflammable, that may be set on fire.
perceive + poursuivre (fr) - to chase.
comburent - burning (obs.); causing combustion: applied by Lavoisier, and others after him, to that element, esp. oxygen, which, in chemical combination, was supposed to cause the combustion of another body + comburenda (l) - things requiring to be burned.
together + a long pull and a strong pull and a pull all together - a steady, energetic, and systematic co-operation. The reference may be either to a boat, where all the oarsmen pull together with a long and strong pull at the oars; or it may be to the act of hauling with a rope, when a simultaneous strong pull is indispensable. + 'The Dead': (Michael Furey) 'was in the gasworks'.
twopenny + Crone: Concise Dictionary of Irish Biography uses the abbreviation 'Dub. Univ. Mag.' for 'Dublin University Magazine' (e.g. Crone: Concise Dictionary of Irish Biography 123: 'LE FANU, JOSEPH SHERIDAN... wrote as a student... in Dub. Univ. Mag., which he subsequently owned and edited').
Mag - playful shortening of the female name Margaret
gang - to walk, go. (Chiefly lit.) + go to press + pressgang.
prees = priest + go to pieces.
dinny - resounding with or filled with din (a loud noise)
-een (Anglo-Irish) - (diminutive)
canty - cheerful, lively, gladsome; esp. in Sc. manifesting gladness and cheerfulness; in north of England rather = lively, brisk, active + cainntighe (Irish) - talkative.
lost - perdition, ruin, destruction
Zosimus - Michael Moran, early 19th century Dublin street singer, known as 'the last of the gleemen' + zosimos (gr) - viable, likely to survive.
deal - to distribute or bestow among a number of recipients; esp. to distribute in the form of gifts or alms
a treatment (notebook 1931)
he may be trusted (notebook 1931)
culmination - the attainment by a heavenly body of its greatest altitude; fig. The attainment of the highest point, or state of being at the height + inculminatio (l) - a placing on the highest point.
unto - upon (and in contact with); on, against
fructification - the action or process of fructifying or producing fruit (now rare exc. Bot.); Also fecundation, fertilization (? obs.).
major operation (notebook 1931)
interfere - Of things, actions, etc.: To come into collision or opposition, so as to affect the course of.
intermitting - that intermits or ceases for a time, coming at intervals
Hertzian waves - radio waves
Venice + Venus + Call Me Pet Names (song).
Pip and Estella - characters in 'Great Expectations' by Charles Dickens + Swift's Vanessa and Stella.
zip - a fastener for locking together two toothed edges by means of a sliding tab
handbag - a lady's bag for accessories + (notebook 1930): '*L* a butterfly from her handbag'.
Is - receives wounded dove from I & sends back. It is a document from blown up record office (notebook 1923) → on 30 June 1922, the Public Record Office, situated in the Four Courts, was shelled to cause the anti-Treaty IRA forces holding it from April to surrender, resulting in many papers being blown all over Dublin and many archives being irreplaceably lost.
astart - to start off, get away, escape + Astarte (gr, l) - Syro-Phoenician goddess, identified with Venus (hence with Venus's dove).
Four Courts, Dublin + dovecote - a birdhouse for pigeons.
darling + Kevin Izod O'Doherty - 19th-century Irish patriot poet, sentenced to transportation. His sweetheart (Eva of the Nation), another poet, said, "I'll wait for you, O darling." She did, and they were married upon his return.
poser + poetaster - contemptuous name often applied to bad or inferior poets (like rhymester or versifier).
scorched - burnt and discoloured by heat, touched by fire; having an appearance as if shrivelled by heat (obs.) + Still Growing (song): 'And all around his college cap I'll bind a band of blue, For to let the ladies know that he's married'.
twill - to weave so as to produce diagonal ridges on the surface of the cloth
twine - a strong thread composed of two or three smaller threads or strands twisted together, and used for various purposes, as for binding small parcels or making nets
flame - the colour of flame, flame-red
laity - the body of the people not in orders as opposed to the clergy; unprofessional people, as opposed to those who follow some learned profession, to artists, etc.
married + marid - in Muslim demonology, an evil jinn of the highest class.
Pim Bros - South Dublin drapers
blackballed (Slang) - refused
tot - a person of disordered brain, a simpleton, a fool; a very small or tiny child + tot (l) - so many + Todd, Burns and Company - North Dublin drapers.
leste - a hot, dry, easterly wind occasionally encountered in Madeira and the Canary Islands at any season except in summer. Essentially it is an extension of the harmattan that blows across the Sahara and is accordingly hot and dry; lestage; least + leste (it) - nimble, quick-witted (feminine plural).
claribel flute - an organ stop of similar construction to the clarabella (an organ-stop of a powerful fluty tone, invented by Bishop) + clarus (l) - clear + bellus (l) - beautiful + Claribel - pseudonym of Mrs Barnard, composer of "Come Back to Erin."
posted - carried by or sent through the post, placed in a post-office letter-box for dispatch; pasted or fixed up in a prominent place, as a public notice
penned - written (with a pen), set down in writing
change - the balance that remains over and is returned when anything is paid for by a piece of money greater than its price
thank you madam
madden - to become mad
mind one's step - to be careful about one's actions, to tread warily
I surrender to him (notebook 1931) → Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 76: (letter from Edith Thompson to Bywaters, trial exhibit 13) 'I've surrendered to him unconditionally now'.
ashore - on shore, on the land + asthore - my treasure; (my) darling + Diarmaid a stor (d'irmid' astor) (gael) - Freeman (masc. personal name) my dear.
complease - to be complaisant to, to gratify; also refl. to delight in + completely
redress - to dress again; to correct, amend, reform or do away with (a bad or faulty state of things, now esp. an abuse), to remedy or remove (trouble or distress of any kind) + (notebook 1931): 'get dressed directly'.
end one's days - to die + (notebook 1931): 'one of my stays ay Oxford' → Bowman: The Story of Lewis Carroll 36: (of Isa Bowman in Carroll's home) 'one of my stays at Oxford'.
languish - the action or state of languishing; a tender look or glance + language + Bédier: Le Roman de Tristan et Iseut 21 ('Le Morholt d'Irlande'): 'Mais, à Tintagel, Tristan languissait' (French 'But, at Tintagel, Tristan languished').
TINTAGEL - Village and castle, North coast of Cornwall, ruins still visible. In literary legend, it was the birthplace of King Arthur and the stronghold of King Mark. But Finnegans Wake associates it mainly with the Cornish language.
is you? (notebook 1931) → Connelly: The Green Pastures 27: 'You ain't going to let dat go to waste is you, Lawd?' ('is you' appears quite a few more times in the play).
mes - proper distance or range for shooting + me
boo - to low as a cow; to assail with cries of 'boo!' as an expression of dissatisfaction or disapproval + (notebook 1931): 'do you bow mighty low?' → Connelly: The Green Pastures 20: (sung by heavenly angels) 'Do you bow mighty low? Certainly, Lawd'.
moiety - a half; Jocularly: One's 'better half', i.e. a wife (rarely, a husband)
lowd - obs. form of loud + lewd + lord.
unconditionally - without conditions
lade - load, burden + (notebook 1931): 'certainly, Lod' → Connelly: The Green Pastures 19: (repeatedly sung by heavenly angels in reply to questions) 'Certainly, Lawd'.
can - to stop, leave off (something); to 'cut out' (Slang) + can that (U.S. Slang) - cease that.
sobstuff - speech or writing which makes a sentimental appeal to the emotions
whinge - to whine; esp. to complain peevishly + Joyce's note: 'can that sobstuff, T whinges'.
mavrone - anglicized form of Irish mo bhrón my grief (f. brón), used as an exclamation of sorrow + mavros (gr) - dark.
puppet - a term of endearment for a pretty child, girl, or young woman; darling, pet
like things are (notebook 1931) → Young: Trial of Frederick Bywaters and Edith Thompson 78: (letter from Edith Thompson to Bywaters, trial exhibit 50) 'This time really will be the last you will go away - like things are, won't it? We said it before darlint'.
MD, on Md, or 'My dears' - in the "little language" of Swift's Journal to Stella, this denotes Stella (Esther Johnson) and Rebecca Dingley. Stella herself is "Ppt", meaning "Poppet" on "Poor Pretty Thing." "D" on "Dd" is Dingley, sometimes also indicated by "Me," which may be Madame Elderly. Swift is "Pdfr", pronounced "Podefar," meaning perhaps "Poor Dean Foolish Rogue" or "Poor Dear Fellow." "FW" seems to serve for "Farewell" and "Foolish Wenches." It is the "little (?Liddell) language" and sexual cold that tie Swift to Lewis Carroll in FW (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).
vincible - that may be overcome or vanquished in battle or conflict, or in some contest; susceptible of defeat or overthrow + Invincibles - the perpetrators of the Phoenix Park murders, 1882.
have a run for one's money - to have some kind of return or satisfaction for one's expenditure or exertions (orig. racing slang, where one may get considerable pleasure from watching the race even if one does not win much).
dash and dot - two signals which in various combinations make up the letters of the Morse alphabet + (Glugg comes back on receiving Isod's message, Joyce returns from the continent).
cocker - a contentious, quarrelsome man; a wrangler (obs.) + old crow - a derogatory name for a girl or woman, esp. one who is old or ugly + As the old cock crows, the young cock learns (proverb).
Sifadda ("long stride") - one of Cuthullin's horses in Fingal + siffatta (it) - such (feminine singular) + zoo vader zoo zoon (Dutch) - like father like son.
bran new = brand new - quite new, perfectly new + Bran (bron) (gael) - "Raven", name of Fionn Mac Cumhail's dog in James Macpherson's The Poems of Ossian.
outstrip - to pass in running or any kind of swift motion; to outrun, leave behind in a race + out-stripper - in Islam, a term for a prophet + obstreperous - boisterously and noisily aggressive.
on the wind - Said in reference to a means of conveyance + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora VII: 'travelled on the winds' (glossed in a footnote: 'a poetical expression for sailing').
waft - a current or rush of air, a breath of wind
wingweary (notebook 1931) → Connelly: The Green Pastures 16: 'Nowadays Heaven's free of sin an' if a lady wants a little constitutional she kin fly 'til she wing-weary widout gittin' insulted'.
coastguard - a force employed to guard the coast
whoop - an act of whooping; a cry of 'whoop!', or a shout or call resembling this; spec. as used in hunting, esp. at the death of the game, or by N. American Indians, etc. as a signal or war-cry; occas. the hoot of an owl
epilepsy + upsadaisy - an affectionate encouragement to a child who has fallen over + hop, step and jump (leap) - the action of making these three movements in succession; an athletic exercise in which the players try who can cover most ground with this sequence of movements.
didando (l) - I broadcast
Tishy - English race-horse + do a tishy (phrase) - fall with legs in a tangle (1922 phrase, after Tishy, an English race-horse that lost so often that Tom Webster, a cartoonist, began to use it as a comic character in his newspaper cartoons).
appreciable - enough to be estimated or measured
glaciation - the condition of being covered by an ice-sheet or by glaciers + glaciator (l) - ice-man, icer, one who freezes + gladiator - among the ancient Romans, one who fought with a sword or other weapon at public shows; usually a slave or captive trained for the purpose.
submerge - to cause to sink or plunge into water, to place under water
Atlantis - legendary island in the Atlantic Ocean, lying west of the Straits of Gibraltar
trembly - in a trembling or shaking state + (girls).
spark gap - device in internal-combustion motors
(it's) a bit off - Of social behaviour: unacceptable; ill-mannered
disguised - dressed in a strange or assumed garb, or having the appearance otherwise changed, for the sake of concealing identity (Tristan returned to Isolde disguised) + daghesh (Hebrew) - point, Hebrew diacritic + Esche (ger) - ash-tree.
got up - to dress (the person, hair, etc.) in a certain way
orlop - Originally, the single floor or deck with which the hold of a ship was covered in, which, by the successive addition of one, two, or three complete decks above, became the lowest deck of a ship of the line; sometimes applied to the lowest deck of a steamer or ship with three or more decks [(notebook 1931): 'orlop (lower deck)'] + Fire Down Below (song): 'Fire in the store room spoiling the food, Fire on the orlop burning the wood' (a sea shanty).
made - 'made in a certain manner, having a certain quality or kind of make' + FDV: Then with his whoop, stoop and an upalepsy was he again before the trembly ones, gotten up like a simplasailar and shaking the storm out of his hiccup.
hiccup - an involuntary spasm of the respiratory organs, consisting in a quick inspiratory movement of the diaphragm checked suddenly by closure of the glottis, and accompanied by a characteristic sound + a storm in a teacup - a great commotion in a small community or about a trifling matter.
vessel - a craft designed for water transportation + the weaker vessel - said of the wife as compared with the husband; hence occas. used jocularly for 'the wife' or female partner + (notebook 1931): 'ships glad to have *C* aborad' → Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 234: 'We have already remarked upon the good fortune, as regards weather, which Swedenborg enjoyed in his many voyages, and the almost superstitious delight with which the masters of the vessels he sailed in received him as a passenger'.
knee - Shipbuilding and Naut. A piece of timber naturally bent, used to secure parts of a ship together, esp. one with an angular bend used to connect the beams and the timbers.
pigtail - 'characteristic of the period when pigtails were worn', old-fashioned, pedantic, absurdly formal, as pigtail drill, period, professor, tory
Tarr - title, young artist-hero of Wyndham Lewis' novel (1918). In FW, Joyce identifies W. Lewis with Tarr, his creature, and uses "them" as models for Professor Jones and his creature, the Mookse.