feminine - characteristic of, peculiar or proper to women

heliolatry - worshipping the sun

kalyx (gr) - seed-pod, cup of a flower + Calze (it) means socks, so calzette means small/cute socks + chalices + FDV: that they may catchcup in those these chalicettes calyzettes the those parryshoots from his one muscalone pistil,

als (ger) - as

trope - (v.) to introduce (a trope) as an embellishment; to embellish with a trope or tropes + trope (n.) - the 'turning' of the sun at the tropic; any figure of speech in which a word is used nonliterally; a short series of words added as an embellishment to the text of the mass or divine office, to be sung by the choir.


musca (l) - a fly + masculine + The black mass is suggested by the image of Shaun's sperm being caught by the girls in their cups or ''calyzettes.'' (David Hayman)

pistil - the female organ of a flower, situated (one or more) in the centre, and comprising (in its complete form) the ovary, style, and stigma + pistol

espy - to catch sight of + I Spy with My Little Eye (Childrenĺs game) + (notebook 1931): 'saw through him' → Trobridge: A Life of Emanuel Swedenborg 332: (quoting a Swedish father telling his son about his own father's concealed respect for Swedenborg) 'I saw through my good old father'.

selfcolour - the natural colour + {Chuff can see their drawer colours [as Glugg could not]}

nevertheless - notwithstanding; none the less

tissue paper - a very thin soft gauze-like unsized paper, used for wrapping delicate articles, for covering engravings or other illustrations in books, as copying-paper, etc. + (notebook 1931): 'tissue papers dresses'.

Children's game: Mulberry Bush ('circle' game)

appling - the process of forming an apple or similar growth

and so on

leicht - light (obs.)

'My goodness, my Guinness!' (advert, 1930s)

pricelessly + FDV: (O my goodness goodmiss! O my gracious graceness greatness! O my pricelestly preshoes!)


dewy - covered or wet with dew; falling gently, vanishing, as the dew (poetic.); innocent and trusting, na´ve + dutifully - out of a sense of duty.

The dumb-bell - the mathematical sign for infinity - is, of course, an especially suitable symbol for Joyce's immortal but empty-headed and vulgar flower girls (Hart, Clive / Structure and motif in Finnegans wake) + Ding Dong Bell (nursery rhyme) + Jumbo said to Alice (song): "I love you".

lovely! (notebook 1931) + love elixir (drunk by Tristan and Isolde).

FDV: Enchainted, sweet dear Stainusless, dearer dearest, we herehear thee, aboutobuds thee salutant Pattren of our unschoold, deliverer of softmissives, send us a wise and letters play of all you canceive of from your holy post. Sweetstaker, we toutes were drawpairs so want lotteries of ticklets. Will bee all buzzy us a one another again minmie for you are pollen yourself. We feel unspeechably thoughtless over it all so please kindly communicake with the original sinse we are only learning yearning how to burgeon. It was milliems of centiments dead lost or mislaid on them but bub we can change in the bite of a napple so long as we can see your quick. Behose, our handmades for to the lured! To these nunce we are yours in ammatures but well come that day we shall ope to be ores. No more hoaxites! No more gifting in memnage!

Stainusless - Father Noon says, St Stanislaus Kosta, Confessor, a young Polish noble, model of religious perfection. Joyce joins on his atheist brother Stanislaus Joyce + stainless

confessor - a priest who hears confession of sin, prescribes penance, and grants absolution

bloss (ger) - bare + blossom + FDV: we herehear thee, aboutobuds thee salutant

O coelicola te salutamus/salutant (l) - O inhabitant of heaven we/they salute thee + (notebook 1923): 'honor of coelicolae'. 

pattern (Anglo-Irish) - religious gathering on feast day of a patron saint (from English 'patron') + patron.

Unschuld (ger) - innocence, purity, virginity

pageantmaster - master of a scene acted on the stage; spec. one scene or act of a mediŠval mystery play + (notebook 1930): 'pageant master'.

billet doux (fr) - little love letter (literally 'soft missive')

round the world in 40 posts (notebook 1930) → Jules Verne: Around the World in Eighty Days.

balmy - deliciously soft and soothing

Barnaboy - Irish place name (literally 'yellow gap') + barua (Kiswahili) - letter + barn (Norwegian) - child.

chapa (Kiswahili) - stamp

panpipe - a primitive wind instrument consisting of several parallel pipes bound together

put away - to put (out of one's hands or immediate use) into a receptacle for safe keeping + cutaway - a man's coat cut diagonally from the waist to the back of the knees.

gab borab (Bearlagair Na Saer) - clerical student

tasty - pleasing to the taste

Donegal - county in the north-west of Ireland [gael. Dun na nGall (dun nu noul) - Fort of the Foreigners] + Father O'Flynn (song): 'in all Donegal'.

adorable - worthy of worship or divine honour; charming, delightful

''Green wasn't over-blessed with good manners.''

arise and let us pray

conceive (of the Holy Ghost) + FDV: send us a wise and letters play of all you canceive of from your holy post.

ceilteach (kyelt'okh) (gael) - denying, concealing + Ceilteach (kyelt'okh) (gael) - Celt, Celtic + cetech (Bog Latin) - hermit, ecclesiastic.

chappy - given to using the chaps, talkative

ascertain - to learn or discover with certainty 

ceremonially - in a ceremonial manner; in relation to ceremonies or the ceremonial law [(notebook 1930): 'ceremonially' → Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 15: 'if one of these outcaste purchasers had gone too near that shop, no Hindu could have patronized it until its polluted contents had been destroyed and it had been ceremonially cleansed, for which again the priest would have to be paid'].

unclean (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 15: 'Outcastes, from the moment they are born until they die, are "unclean." They are so unclean that their proximity, much more their touch, pollutes'.

outcaste - outside caste; of no caste + (notebook 1930): 'outcastes'   Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 16: 'That high-caste lady would genuinely believe that she had been made unclean, that her ceremonial purity had been besmirched, by the propinquity of those unclean outcastes if they had dared to come too near to her'.

leperstown (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 17: (of outcastes) 'Like the lepers, they have to live outside towns and villages'.

karma (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 16: 'we must not suppose that Hindus avoid pollution merely because of the trouble and expense which it causes. To the orthodox it really matters. It has for them "the nature of sin." It affects their karma, and, therefore, their status in their next life' + karnan (Shelta) - dungheap, rubbish heap + Carmanhall - townland north of Leopardstown, County Dublin.

Loki - Norse god of mischief and evil, who contrived the death of Balder

intercourse (notebook 1930) Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 22: 'Assuming that the outcastes were aborigines, difference of race, difference of colour, difference of food, difference of customs and culture, and the aversion such differences produce, easily account for their exclusion from the castes (i.e. from Aryan or Dravidian society), and for the prohibition of intercourse with them... The determination to keep their race pure and dominant led the Hindu lawgivers... to prevent for all time any kind of social intercourse between their people and people of other races, including outcastes'.

pollute at 90 yds (notebook 1930) A Brahman in Malabar is polluted if an outcaste comes within ninety paces of him, but a man a litter lower is not polluted if the outcaste keeps fifty paces away (WS Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era).

untouchable - defiling to the touch (especially used in traditional Hindu belief of the lowest caste or castes) + (notebook 1930): 'untouchable' Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era 23: '"What crimes," exclaimed Mr. Ghandi, "have we not been guilty of towards our untouchable brethren!"'.

scarecrow - a device for frightening birds from growing crops, usually a figure of a man dressed in old and ragged clothes

pueritia (l) - boyhood, childhood; innocence + (notebook 1930): 'I am pure (ter)' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 23: (quoting from 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CXXV, where the deceased is addressing Osiris) 'I am pure. I am pure. I am pure. I am pure'.

stinking - Used as a vague epithet connoting intense disgust and contempt + (notebook 1930): 'stinking members' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 24: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CXXV, where the names of the Forty-Two gods in the Hall of Maāti are listed) 'Neha-hāu means "Stinking-members"'.

amanti (it) - lovers + (notebook 1930): 'Amenit' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 23: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. CXXV, where the Hall of Maāti and its inhabitants are described) 'the monster Āmemit, the Eater of the Dead, i.e., of the hearts of the wicked who were condemned in the Judgment of Osiris' + Khenti-Amenti, or Kenti-Amentiu - a divine name or title from Ancient Egyptian mythology. It means 'Foremost of the Westerners' or 'Chief or the Westerners', where 'Westerners' refers to the dead. Khenti-Amentiu was the name of a jackal-headed deity, most likely associated with Anubis, at Abydos in Upper Egypt, who stood guard over the city of the dead. This god is attested early at Abydos, perhaps even earlier than the unification of Egypt at the start of the Old Kingdom period. The name appears on the necropolis seals for the first dynasty pharaohs Den and Qa'a, and a temple dating back to pre-dynastic times was founded in Abydos for this god.

belle mani, petit peton (fr) - beautiful hands, small feet 

Amenhotep I, II, III, IV - Pharaohs of the 18th dynasty + "the boundless daemon sultan Azathoth, whose name no lips dare speak aloud, and who gnaws hungrily in inconceivable, unlighted chambers beyond time amidst the muffled, maddening beating of vile drums and the thin, monotonous whine of accursed flutes; to which detestable pounding and piping dance slowly, awkwardly, and absurdly the gigantic Ultimate gods, the blind, voiceless, tenebrous, mindless Other gods whose soul and messenger is the crawling chaos Nyarlathotep." (H. P. Lovecraft: The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath)

his members deified (notebook 1930) Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 38: (of 'The Book of the Dead' ch. XLII) 'In Chapter XLII every member of the deceased is put under the protection of, or identified with, a god or goddess, e.g., the hair with Nu, the face with Aten (i.e., the solar disk), the eyes with Hathor'.

Amen-Ra - Egyptian sun god, supreme god of the universe in whom Amen and Ra were merged and principal deity during Theban supremacy (XVIII dynasty → When the army of the founder of the Eighteenth dynasty expelled the Hyksos rulers from Egypt, the victor's city of origin, Thebes, became the most important city in Egypt, the capital of a new dynasty).

cuticura (reversed) - skin-care + Cuticura and Harlene, cosmetics firms "reversed" to give an ancient Egyptian atmosphere. When Isis sought Osiris, and then again when she mummified him, she had the help of her sister Nephthys. The power of the two sisters was considerable, for it was believed that their prayerful weeping and magical formulas had done much to effect the rebirth of the god their brother (Mark L. Troy).

youngling - a young person, young man

demano (l) - to flow down, to descend + demani (Kiswahili) - spring in East Africa (August-November) + demain (fr) - tomorrow.

masika (Kiswahili) - autumn in East Africa (March-May, rain season) + magical.

yere - repr. a dial. (esp. U.S.) or vulgar pronunc. of here + of yore - of old, in time long past, anciently, formerly.

baraza - a place of public audience or reception + baraza (Kiswahili) - veranda.

aflower - flowering, blooming

siker = sicker - in which one can put reliance, confidence, or trust; certain, sure + seeker + siku (Kiswahili) - day.

calmy - characterized by calm; tranquil, peaceful + palmy - fig. Bearing or worthy to 'bear the palm', triumphant, flourishing; esp. in palmy state (a Shaksperian phrase), palmy days.

as sure as sure can be (phrase)

bread and butter - of or pertaining to the age when bread-and-butter is extensively consumed; boyish, girlish; esp. school-girlish

brood (Dutch) - bread + broad.

Baile Atha Cliath - Dublin + cliath (Bog Latin) - cleric.

cluck - an imitation of the abrupt hollow guttural sound made by a hen desiring to sit, or calling her brood together + clock + luck.

cackler - one who cackles, a fowl; fig. a tell-tale, tattler + Great Cackler or Geb (formerly erroneously read as Seb) or Qeb - husband of Nut, father of Osiris, Isis, Set + (notebook 1930): 'great Cackler' Budge: The Book of the Dead (pamphlet) 38: (of the deceased) 'His life was that of the Egg of the "Great Cackler"' + REFERENCE

sweepstake - one who 'sweeps', or takes the whole of the stakes in a game; usually fig. one who takes or appropriates everything

Abelian - a member of a small sect of ancient heretics in the north of Africa, stated by Augustine to have lived in continence after marriage, after the alleged example of 'the righteous Abel' + Peter Abelard (1079-1142) - scholastic. Heloise was his pupil, love, correspondent. 

slickly - with superficial plausibility

toute - the buttocks, posteriors + toutes (fr) - all (feminine plural) + FDV: Sweetstaker, we toutes were drawpairs so want lotteries of ticklets.

Philomela - a poetic name for the nightingale. In later use always as proper name, with capital P, usually with reference to the ancient myth of Philomela, girl violated by her brother-in-law, Tereus, and metamorphosed into a nightingale + philomelos (gr) - fond of apples or fruit.

Magdalene - a harlot restored to purity and elevated to saintship by repentance and faith; the name of a kind of peach