tusker - a beast having tusks, esp. an elephant or wild boar

toil - a spell of severe bodily or mental labour; a laborious task or operation

salaam - the Oriental salutation: 'Peace (be upon you)'

rhinoceros - a large, unwieldy quadruped of a genus now found only in Africa and Southern Asia, having a horn (or, in some species, two horns) on the nose and a very thick skin disposed in plates and folds.

is not so + animal's snout.

go west - to die, perish, disappear + Wurst (ger) - sausage + ihm ist ganz wurst (ger) - he doesn't give a damn.

kiki (Japanese) - crisis + kiku (Japanese) - to listen, to hear, to ask.

hippotame - hippopotamus + hippodromos (gr) - horse racecourse + Ho popò (it) - I've got to shit + dorme (it) - (he/she/it) sleeps.

so bist (ger) - so (you) are + so be it.

chare - a turning or movement back; to do odd turns or jobs, esp. of housework + (notebook 1930): 'charming of beagles frantling of peacocks' → Sir Thomas Urquhart's tranlation of Rabelais's Gargantua and Pantagruel, book III, chapter XIII: 'nuzzing of camels... frantling of peacocks... charming of beagles... guerieting of apes, snuttering of monkies' (amongst Urquhart's many additions to the original text; probably not Joyce's direct source).

beagle - a small variety of hound, tracking by scent, formerly used in hunting hares, but now superseded by the Harrier, which sometimes takes its name

frantling - Used to express the noise made by peacocks + FDV: No chare of beagles, frantling of peacocks, no muzzing of the camel, smuttering of apes.

muzz - to loiter aimlessly; to 'hang about' + (notebook 1930): 'nuzzing of camels smuttering of monkeys'.

smutter - to mark with some black or dirty substance; to blacken, smudge

pageboy - a boy or lad (usually in 'buttons' or livery) employed in a private house, a club, hotel, large shop, etc., to attend to the door, go on errands, and the like

bright - brightness, light. arch. (poet.) + Boys will be boys (proverb).

Hanukkah - Jewish Feast of Lights + hurricane lamp.

outer - comparatively or relatively far out; of or pertaining to the outside + Michael Balfe: The Bohemian Girl: Then You'll Remember Me (song): 'When other lips and other hearts Their tales of love will tell... Then you'll remember me'.

Mei (Dutch) - May + (notebook 1930): 'when otter leaps in outer parts then Yul remember May, mohns to blume, arcglow warnerforth's, siemensize lure, hookercrook'.

hung - suspended, attached so as to hang down, etc. + Thomas Moore: song: The Young May Moon: 'The young May moon is beaming, love' + 'BB wellhung' (Joyce's note) [i.e. Boylan].

Mohn (ger) - poppy

Blume (ger) - flower + blooming

loe - obs. form of lo, low; Scot. love

amethyst - a precious stone of a clear purple or bluish violet colour + (notebook 1930): 'cote d'amethyst' Côte d'améthyste (fr) - the coast of the Camargue in the South of France.

seafire - phosphorescence at sea + sapphire.

SIEMENS SCHUCKERT - German electrical equipment firm; it constructed the power station of the Shannon hydroelectric works at Ardnacrusha, and FW credits it also with the lighthouses at Arklow and Wicklow.

westward - towards the west, in a westerly direction + Arklow, Wexford and Waterford all in South-East Ireland.

Henry II first landed in Ireland at the Crook, over against Hook tower, Waterford Bay, hence phrase 'by hook or by crook'.

Brer Fox (Uncle Remus stories)

fishy - resembling a fish or something belonging to a fish; having the savour, smell, or taint of fish

listen out - to listen for a sound, e.g. on a radio receiver + lisa (Russian) - she-fox.

toran - a sacred Buddhist gateway, of wood or stone, consisting of a pair of uprights with one or more (often three) cross-pieces; sometimes elaborately carved + simhhath torah (Hebrew) - ''Rejoicing in Law'', last day of Feast of Tabernacles + somewhat torn.

anteargumentum (l) - prior argument + integument - an outer protective covering such as the skin of an animal or a cuticle or seed coat or rind or shell + undergarments + Targum - each of several Aramaic translations and interpretations of parts of Old Testament.

piscina (sp) - fish + pesciolini (it) - little fishes.

Lafayette - a sciænoid fish of the Northern United States (Liostomus xanthurus) + Liffey river.

squiggle - to writhe about

Jonah (Hebrew Yonah, dove; the Latin form is Jonas) - Old Testament book and prophet. Reluctant to preach to his fellow Jews, he was three days in a whale's belly; Dolphin's Barn is a kind of kenning for the belly + Juno (l) - chief Roman goddess, guardian diety of women; wife of Jupiter.

feria quinta (l) - fifth holiday (name for Thursday used by early Christians) + Edmund Spenser: The Faerie Queene

papal infallibility (all popes are successors to Saint Peter; petra (l) - rock, stone)

poisson (fr) - fish + Procession of the Holy Ghost (subject of original split between East and West Churches).

Holy cross - the cross upon which Jesus Christ suffered death

liobar na bothair (lyuber nubohir) (gael) - ne'er-do-well of the road: tramp.

harker - Sc., a listener + horche (ger) - listen + (notebook 1931): 'harked harkers (ears)'.

ribber - a blow on the ribs + river + ryba (Russian) - fish.

Aberdeen + dabhar (Hebrew) - word; thing + dobar dan (Serbian) - good day (greeting).

munt - mount (obs.) + going on in his mount of knowledge (mind)

flip flap - something that 'goes flip-flap' (with a repeated flapping movement)


witchman - a wizard + Isaiah 21:11: 'Watchman, what of the night?'

es (ger) - it; E-flat

ez (Basque) - no + ez (Hebrew) - goat.

geh- (ger) - go + ges (ger) - G-flat + ges noun (Provençal) - not at all.

sucking - not come to maturity, not fully developed, budding + (notebook 1930): 'the park's acoo with sucking loves'.

Rosimund at her wishing well (notebook 1930) → Rosamund's Pond in Saint James Park, London: meeting place for lovers in numerous plays + Mund (ger) - mouth.

tempt - to allure, entice, invite, attract + (*IJ*).

at a venture - at random, by chance, without due consideration or thought

strut - to walk with an affected air of dignity or importance, stepping stiffly with head erect

musketeer - a soldier armed with a musket + Dumas: The Three Musketeers + (*VYC*).

brace - a pair, a couple + Mrs Anne Bracegirdle (1674- 1748) - English actress.  

girdle - a belt worn round the waist to secure or confine the garments; a corset, usu. elasticated, that does not extend above the waist + girls

brasse - a name of a fish of the perch family + brace

beau - a man who gives particular, or excessive, attention to dress, mien, and social etiquette; a fop, a dandy + boys

jog - a slow measured walk, trot, or run


hold hard - (orig. a sporting phrase) To pull hard at the reins in order to stop the horse; hence gen. to 'pull up', halt, stop

dither - to tremble, quake, quiver, thrill. Now also in gen. colloq. use: to vacillate, to act indecisively, to waver between different opinions or courses of action

waltzer - one who dances the waltz + daughters

stright - obs. Sc. form of straight + night

vorsehen (ger) - forsee + 'no meeting is as foreseen' (notebook 1924).

Hesperus - the evening star + Hesperos (gr, l) - the evening star + espérons (fr) - let us hope.

wand - obs. pa. tense of wind (v.) + Huckleberry Finn drifted to the rivermouth.

Livmouth (notebook 1930) → mouth of Liffey.

wanderer - someone who leads a wandering unsettled life

jimpsonweed = jimsonweed - the Thorn-apple, Datura Stramonium + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 21: 'jimpson-weeds'.

deck - to cover

JACKSON'S ISLAND - In 'The Adventures of Tom Sawyer', Tom, Huck, and Joe Harper set off to begin their pirate career there. 

lurk - to lie in ambush; to remain furtively or unobserved about one spot + FDV: And if you wand to Livmouth, wenderer, here is lurks no iron welcome.

Who Killed Cock Robin? (nursery rhyme): 'Who'll pull the bell?' + Less detail is available for the ground floor (floor of the two servants and twelve customers). There is a bellpull operating a doorbell which, on the evidence of 245.25-6, 262.26-7, and 560.13-15, is a source for 'Zinzin' sound echoing through a book. (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

an iron welcome (notebook 1930) Alfred Lord Tennyson: In Memoriam A.H.H., XC: 'That could the dead, whose dying eyes Were closed with wail, resume their life, They would but find in child and wife An iron welcome when they rise'.

thunderation - Used as a vague expletive or intensive [(notebook 1930): 'thunderation'].

mulligrubs - a state of depression of spirits, a fit of megrims or spleen + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard, ch. 25: 'Oh, is that all? I was afraid you were sick of the mulligrubs, with eating chopt hay; you had better go back to her at once if she wants you, for if you don't with a good grace, she'll very likely come and take you back by the collar,' and Miss Mag and O'Flaherty joined in a derisive hee-haw, to Puddock's considerable confusion, who bowed and smiled again, and tried to laugh, till the charming couple relieved him by taking their places in the dance.

mulse - liquor made from honey + Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard: 'mulsum' → On this occasion he warned his parishioners against assuming that sudden death is a judgment. 'On the contrary, the ancients held it a blessing; and Pliny declares it to be the greatest happiness of life—how much more should we? Many of the Roman worthies, as you are aware, perished thus suddenly, Quintius Æmilius Lepidus, going out of his house, struck his great toe against the threshold and expired; Cneius Babius Pamphilus, a man of prætorian rank, died while asking a boy what o'clock it was; Aulus Manlius Torquatus, a gentleman of consular rank, died in the act of taking a cheese-cake at dinner; Lucius Tuscius Valla, the physician, deceased while taking a draught of mulsum; Appius Saufeius, while swallowing an egg: and Cornelius Gallus, the prætor, and Titus Haterius, a knight, each died while kissing the hand of his wife. And I might add many more names with which, no doubt, you are equally familiar.'

Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 31: 'No-sirree-bob' + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 13: 'great goodness'.

merry queen of Scots (notebook 1930) → Mary Queen of Scots + scut - a term of contempt for a person; a short garment.

Christian - an adherent of Christianity + (notebook 1930): 'Christian the Last' → Christian X was king of Denmark from 1912 to 1947.

duty - due respect, reverence; an expression of submission, deference, or respect + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 18: 'Our duty to you, sir'.

royalty - royal persons collectively or individually + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 20: 'Royalty'.

squat - to sit down with the legs closely drawn up beneath the hams or in front of the body; esp. to sit on the ground in this way or in a crouching attitude. Also jocularly, to sit (down).

matt - Of colours, surfaces: Without lustre, dull, 'dead' + matt (ger) - exhausted + Matthew

luke - to make lukewarm; obs. or Sc. form of look

johl = jol - the local name (often with capital initial) for a barren, much dissected, limestone plateau south of Wadi Hadhramaut in the Arabian peninsula + johlen (ger) - to hoot + John

dapple = dappled - spotted, speckled + bellied - having a belly. Often in comb., e.g. big- or great-bellied, having a big belly + double (*IJ*) and treble (*VYC*).

mug - any (large) earthenware vessel or bowl; also, a pot, jug, or ewer

trouble bedded rooms (notebook 1930) + trouble - disturbed, confused; turbulent, stormy + bedded - In comb. Having a bed.

sawdust - wood in the state of small particles, detached from a tree, plank, etc. in the process of sawing

expectoration - discharge of phlegm from the chest by coughing, etc. + (i.e. for spitting on) + Motif: -ation (*O*; 4 times).

specification - specific, explicit, or detailed mention, enumeration, or statement of something

Knight, E. H - manager of the Euston Hotel, London, where Joyce stayed (see Letters, I, 239)

tun - a large cask or barrel, usually for liquids, esp. wine, ale, or beer, or for various provisions + tapster - a man who draws the beer, etc. for the customers in a public house; the keeper of a tavern + FDV: Mr Knight, big tapster, buttles; his alewife's up to his hip.

buttle - to pour out (drink); to do a butler's work

frau - a married woman, wife + (ale-wife) + fru (Danish) - Mrs.

what's he like + Sackerson is the mystery man of the Wake, the 'summonorother' (255.05-6) and 'Watsy Luke' whom we are indeed constantly meeting, in various guises (John Gordon: Finnegans Wake: a plot summary).

rinsing - the removal of soap with clean water in the final stage of washing

omit - to leave out, not to insert or include + Miss Kate (*K*).

Home Sweet Home (song)

put in - to contribute as one's share of work or duty; to perform (a piece of work, etc.) as part of a whole, or in the midst of other occupations

brick - a brick-shaped block of any substance, e.g. of tea + (notebook 1930): 'put in with the bricks'.

FINDLATER, ALEXANDER, AND CO - Grocers, tea and wine merchants, form at 29-32 O'Connell Street and other locations. Around the turn of the century, Findlater sold its own house brand of whiskey, called "A.1".

chariot + The Ballad of Chevy Chase - The ballad tell the story of a large hunting party ("chase") in the Cheviot Hills, hence 'the chevy chase'. The chase is led by Percy, the English Earl of Northumberland. The Scottish Earl Douglas had forbidden this hunt, and interprets it as an invasion of Scotland. In response he attacks, causing a bloody battle which only 110 people survived + khag shavuot (Hebrew) - Jewish Feast of Weeks (Pentecost). 

chaser - one who chases or hunts; an attendant upon a person of rank or wealth, dressed in a military style

stirrup - support consisting of metal loops into which rider's feet go + The Stirrup Cup (song).