Quasimodo - the name of the hunchback in Victor Hugo's novel Notre-Dame de Paris + quasi modo (l) - as if in the manner; almost in the manner.

royal - noble, splendid, first-rate + royal blue.

sago - a species of starch prepared from the 'pith' of the trunks of several palms and cycads, esp. Metroxylon lævis and M. Rumphii, chiefly used as an article of food.

tango - a colour shade of deep orange

umber - a brown earth used as a pigment; also, the colour of this

vanilla - a vanilla ice cream

wistaria - a light blue-purple shade, the colour of wistaria blossom

Xray - a form of radiation discovered by Prof. W. C. Röntgen of Würzburg in 1895, capable of passing in various degrees through many substances impervious to light, and of affecting a sensitized plate and thus producing shadow-photographs of objects inclosed within opaque receptacles or bodies.

philomel - a poetic name for the nightingale + philomele (gr) - fruit lover; the swallow or the nightingale.

theeroos (Dutch) - tearose + ('phi' and 'theta' from Greek alphabet)

shee = she + sidhe (shi) (gael) = shee (Anglo-Irish) - fairy.

nude - to strip, unclothe, make naked + FDV: If you knew her in her prime make sure you find her complimentary. Or by Angus Dagdasson & all his picciapiccions, on your very first occasion she'll prick where you're proud with hen speagle eye. Look sharp, she's signalling again from among the asters. Turn again wishfulton loud mere at of Doubtluin. Arise, land under wave. Clap your lingua to your pallet, drop your jowl with a jolt, tambourine until your breath slides, pet a pout and it's out. Have you got me, Allysloper? 

prime - Of human life: The period or state of greatest perfection or vigour, before strength begins to decay.

complementary - short for 'complementary colour' [either one of two chromatic colors that when mixed together give white (in the case of lights) or gray (in the case of pigments)]

Aengus, Angus - Irish love-god, son of Dagda 

Dagda - the Zeus of the Irish gods, father of Aengus + Aonghus Mac Daghdha (engus mok daye) (gael) - Single-choice son of Daghdha (father god), the god of love.

piccioni (it) - pigeons + suspicions + (bright birds hover over Aengus's head).

prick - to wound (or hurt) with or as with a pointed instrument or weapon; fig. To cause sharp mental pain to; to sting with sorrow or remorse

proud (Slang) - horny

unsatt (ger) - unsatisfied + FDV: Or by Angus Dagdasson & all his picciapiccions, on your very first occasion she'll prick where you're proud with hen speagle eye.

eagle eyed - having an eye like an eagle; keen-sighted + Spiegel (ger) = spiegel (Dutch) - mirror + Spiegelei (German) = spiegelei (Dutch) - fried egg.

look sharp - Originally (with sharp as adv.) = 'to look sharply after something', 'to keep strict watch'. In later use (which is merely colloquial) the sense is commonly 'to bestir oneself briskly', 'to lose no time'.

HELIO (Slang) - heliograph, apparatus for signalling by means of a movable mirror which reflects flashes of sunlight to a distance (Izod tries to help him - giving him rather obscure clues to her colour: heliotrope).

aster - a star (obs.); a large genus of the N.O. Compositæ, with showy radiated flowers

TROPOS (gr) - turning + Dick Whittington (pantomime): 'Turn again, Whittington, Lord-Mayor of London'.

wistful - expectantly or yearningly eager, watchful, or intent; mournfully expectant or longing + Theobald Wolfe Tone - founder of United Irishman + FDV: Turn again wishfulton loud mere at of Doubtluin.

Lord Major - a title formerly limited to the mayors (see mayor) of London, York, and Dublin, but subsequently extended to the mayors of some other large towns + mère (fr) - mother + lodestone.

TIR FA THUINN - Ir, "Land Beneath Wave"; the Gaelic Atlantis, which appears in many tales, eg, the Voyage of Maildun and The Pursuit of the Gilla Dacker. Its location is indeterminate: sometimes it is in the Atlantic, sometimes under Lough Neagh, sometimes entered down a deep well on spring. Diarmaid was once loved by the daughter of the king of Land-Under-Wave.

clap - to talk loudly, chatter, prate; to strike so as to make a noise (obs.) + [description of articulation of 'trope' (or 'heliotrope') → clap tongue and drop jowl = T, tambourine = RO, pet a pout = PE]

lingua - the tongue + lingua (it) - tongue, language..

pallet = palate

jowl - a jaw; esp. the under jaw

jolt - a jerky movement, an abrupt jerk; a shock which disturbs one's mental composure

tambourine - to play the tambourine (a shallow drum with a single drumhead and with metallic disks in the sides)

slide - to pass away, pass by, so as to disappear, be forgotten or neglected, etc. Now rare.

pet - to have erotic physical contact with another person by kissing, caressing, and sexual stimulation

pout - a protrusion of the lips, expressive of pique or annoyance

Ally Sloper - the name of a character in a series of humorous publications, having a prominent nose and receding forehead and noted for his dishonest or bungling practices

ope = open

vulsus (l) - plucked; shorn, smooth, hairless + valseur (French Slang) - female rump.

valse - to dance the valse or waltz; to waltz

star - to adorn with an ornament likened to a star or a number of stars; to bespangle as with stars

solly = selly - wonderfully, marvellously, strangely + sol (l) - sun + jolly well.

well worth - of full value. arch + worth one’s salt - worth the money that one is paid.

pilger (gr) - pilgrim + Pilgerfahrt (ger) - pilgrimage.

hitch - a contrivance for fastening something, a catch + H (first letter of 'heliotrope').

Henker (ger) - hangman + {(ELITE) & halter: ROPE}

Halunken (ger) - scoundrels

cucullus (l) - hood, cowl + cucullus non facit monachum (l) - 'hood maketh not frere' + Cuchulainn (kukhulin) (gael) - Hound of Culann (masc. personal name); 2nd c. hero of Red Branch saga cycle.

painted eyelids (Joyce's note) Ireland and the Making of Britain 50: [on life in mediaeval Ireland] Now and then the crowds would grow silent and make a passage as some "high scholar of the western world" or "apostle of Erin" passed through them, a noble ascetic with long hair falling on his shoulders and painted eyelids; (MS 47477-92, EM: r painted eyelids wink | JJA 51:164 | Feb 1933 | )

tutor - one employed in the supervision and instruction of a youth in a private household

cut out - fig. To form, fashion, shape, to carve out

oldenborre (Danish) - cockchafer, a type of beetle

flo - an arrow + Floh (ger) - flea.

peep - a surreptitious, furtive, or peering glance

beetle - to fly off; to go, make one's way, move (like a beetle)

fly - a dipterous or two-winged insect, esp. of the family Muscidæ; to 'explode' or burst out into extravagance in conduct, language, or temper + fly (Slang) - artful, shrewd. 

bough - one of the larger limbs or offshoots of a tree, a main branch; but also applied to a smaller branch

bo peep - a nursery play with a young child, who is kept in excitement by the nurse or play-mate alternately concealing herself (or her face), and peeping out for a moment at an unexpected place, to withdraw again with equal suddenness + 'Little Bo Peep' (nursery rhyme).


Turkish delight - a sweetmeat consisting of gelatine boiled, cubed, and dusted with sugar

hys = his + hys (gr) - pig.

hyphen - a short dash or line (-) used to connect two words together as a compound; to join by a hyphen; to write (a compound) with a hyphen + hyphen (gr) - in one, in a single word.

mys = miss + mys (gr) - mouse, rat + h-m.

bellyswain - a glutton? + swain - a country gallant or lover; hence gen. a lover, wooer, sweetheart, esp. in pastoral poetry + (notebook 1930): 'belly swain' Fitzpatrick: Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account 36: (quoting from Campion's Historie of Ireland about Prince John's following) 'Normans, great quaffers, lourdens, proud, belly swaines, fed with extortion and bribery'.

twalf - Sc. and obs. ff. twelve

horsepower - with prefixed numeral, expressing the power or rate of work of an engine

man - to escort (a person, esp. a woman); to be the master of, to manage, rule. Obs. exc. dial. 

dunkel (ger) - dark + uncle.

thicket - a dense growth of shrubs, underwood, and small trees + Loch (ger) - hole + (notebook 1930): 'handshake through door' Fitzpatrick: Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account 60: (quoting Stanihurst about a handshake through a hole in the chapter-house door of Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, in 1492, between the warring earls of Ormond and Kildare, leading to their reconciliation) 'there was a clift in the chapiter-house doore, pearsed at a trice, to the end both the earles should have shaken hands and be reconciled'.

THE SWAN WATER - A small stream, now subterranean, a South bank tribute of the Liffey West of the Dodder River before the embankment of the Liffey [(notebook 1930): 'Swan Water' W.S.J. Joyce: The Neighbourhood of Dublin 23: 'the delta or slobland formed at the confluence of the Swan Water, the Dodder and the Liffey was embanked and reclaimed in 1792']. 

mouthfilling - (of an oath, compliment, etc.) that fills the mouth, bombastic, inflated

wold - a piece of open country; forest, forest land (obs.)

killing - overpoweringly beautiful or attractive

voyant - showy, gaudy, flashy; spec. of clothes, appearance, etc.

cope of heaven - the over-arching canopy or vault of heaven + (notebook 1930): 'cope of heaven kneeled unto' W.S.J. Joyce: The Neighbourhood of Dublin 435: 'the Wardens of the Marches, the stern realities of whose life are vividly depicted in the spirited reply of Garret, Earl of Kildare, Lord Deputy, to charges preferred against him in 1524 by Cardinal Wolsey:- "As touching my kingdom... I serve under the cope of heaven, when you are served under a canopy... when you are begraced and belorder, and crowched and kneeled unto, then I finde small grace with our Irish borderers, except I cut them off by the knees"' + Copenhagen.

fect - Aphet. var. of infect + fact

secret + Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies: song I've a Secret to Tell Thee [air: Dennis, Don't Be Threatening; or, Oh! Southern Breeze].

trespass - to make an improper or uninvited inroad on (a person's time, attention, etc.) + trepanning - a medical intervention in which a hole is drilled or scraped into the human skull, exposing the dura mater in order to treat health problems related to intracranial diseases [Dangerfield, who has befriended Mrs Sturk, decides to try to ensure Sturk's death (and perpetual silence) by having him trepanned, which he has been assured by medical experts is guaranteed to kill him. However, he is unfortunate enough to secure the services of "Black Dillon", a debt-ridden, alcoholic doctor from Dublin who is, however, an unusually capable surgeon. When Dillon is several hours late for the appointment at Sturk's house, Dangerfield gives up and leaves, but Dillon arrives and (in the absence of Dangerfield, and much to everybody's surprise) manages to succeed in the operation. Sturk dictates a deathbed account of Dangerfield's attack on him and the murder of Beauclerc; Irons, discovering that the game is up, adds his own story to the record. Shortly thereafter Sturk dies at last. (Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu: The House by the Churchyard)]

wicked - bad in moral character, disposition, or conduct + (notebook 1930): 'the mind to retire to be wicked'  W.S.J. Joyce: Neighbourhood of Dublin 266: [description given by Archbishop King in a letter, dated 1275, published in Mant's History of the Church of Ireland]: 'Glasnevin was the receptacle for thieves and rogues. The first search when anything was stolen, was there, and when any couple had a mind to retire to be wicked there was their harbour.' 

As dainty a fine way (notebook 1930) W.S.J. Joyce: Neighbourhood of Dublin 255: For hundreds of years this has been one of the principal highways leading out of the city, and so far back as 1634, a traveller wrote of it:–"As dainty a fine way as I ever rode, and a most pleasant country."

underwood - small trees or shrubs, coppice-wood or brush-wood, growing beneath higher timber trees

spell - to utter, declare, relate, tell; to recite the letters of or give the spelling of

bushment = ambushment - an ambush + (notebook 1930): 'bushments underwoods' Fitzpatrick: Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account 74: (quoting from Holinshed's Chronicles about the Pass of Glenmalure, Wicklow, in 1580) 'a vallie... between two hils, and no other waie is there to passe through. Underfoot it is boggie and soft... the sides are full of great and mightie trees upon the sides of the hils, and full of bushments and underwoods'.

sprig - to divide into branches + sprichst (ger) - (you) speak.

twig - to understand, comprehend

Gleann-da-loch (gloun da lokh) (gael) - Two-lake Valley; St. Kevin's monastic settlement, Wicklow mountains, South of Dublin + Fitzpatrick: Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account 50: (quoting from State Papers, vol. ii, part 3, p.181) 'my Lord of Dublin'.

benedict - adj. Blessed, benign, salutary + benedixit (l) - [he] has spoken well of, [he] has blessed.

gape - a rent or opening of any kind + to gape for - to be eager to obtain, to have a longing for (something) + gape (Slang) - vulva.

Long Entry (notebook 1930) Cosgrave: North Dublin, City and Environs 46n: 'odd street names in Dublin, most of them still existing... Long Entry'.

commanding the approach to (notebook 1930) W.S.J. Joyce: The Neighbourhood of Dublin 10: (quoting from Sir Charles Hoare's Tour in Ireland about his arrival in 1806) 'he had to dismount from the vehicle and cross the bridge on foot, as it was considered to be in too dangerous a condition to drive over with a full vehicle. "There is nothing commanding in this approach to Dublin; a number of narrow passes and bridges barricadoed, still remind the traveller of the late rebellion"'.

intime - intimate + intimus (l) - innermost

innermost - most or furthest within; that which is innermost, the inmost part

brothered - united into or by brotherhood + (notebook 1930): 'browdered (brodé)' Fitzpatrick: Dublin, Historical and Topographical Account 228: [quoting from Stanihurst's Description of Dublin in 1577 in Holinshed's Chronicles about a Corpus Christi (Thursday after Trinity Sunday) celebration] 'The 'skynners, house-carpynders, tanners and browders' (embroiderers), were cast to represent the flight into Egypt'.

thirteen - the name formerly current in Ireland for a silver shilling, as being worth thirteen pence of Irish copper currency + (notebook 1930): 'six thirteens (6/6)' Fitzpatrick: Dublin Historical and Topographical 201: The coach cost 1s. 1d. for a set down, or 1s. 7d. by the hour; the chariot 7d. and 1s. 1d., and the 'noddie' 5d. and 10d. The strange-looking sum of 1s. 1d. represents the Irish shilling or 'thirteen,' previously referred to (p. 95), and mention of which occurs in a once-popular street ballad, in the lines: 'I gave the Captain six thirteens, / to carry me over to Park Gate.'

blanche = blanch - white paint, esp. for the face + blanche (French Dialect) - marc, white brandy distilled from residue (e.g. skins, pips) remaining in wine press [249.03] + blanc de blanc - type of white wine or champagne made entirely from white grapes.

BEHIND STREET - A passage from Werburgh Street to Nicholas Street, so-called from its position behind Skinners Row. The Phoenix Tavern was located here in mid-18th century + (notebook 1930): 'Behind Street Turnagain Lane' Cosgrave: North Dublin, City and Environs 46n: 'odd street names in Dublin, most of them still existing... Behind Street'. 

turnagain lane - a blind alley, a cul-de-sac; also, a winding or crooked lane + TURNAGAIN LANE - The old name (before 1797) of King's Inns Street, off Parnell Street + Cosgrave: North Dublin, City and Environs 46: 'King's Inns Street, so called from the adjoining King's Inns since 1797, was previously named Turnagain Lane, apparently from the curve in the centre of the street. But old Turnagain Lane long appears on the maps as made only to Loftus Lane, where one had to turn again. The rest of the present King's Inns Street as far as Britain Street was then covered by fields'.  

AWABEG - River, County Cork (Abha Beig, Ir. "little river")

callboy - a messenger boy

magnus - black oxide of manganese, used in the Staffordshire potteries + magnus (l) - big, great + Magnus (l) - the Great.

max - gin

Pleiades or Seven Sisters - in Greek myth, they were hunted by Orion and his dog on earth, in the sky. The lost Pleiad is Merope, who hides her light for sorrow at the fall of Troy, or for shame at having had sex with Sisyphus, a mortal.  


raduga (Russian) - rainbow

François Rabelais - 16th century French writer

ye - you; thou + Proverbs 13:17: 'the ravens shall pick out their eyes'.

na - not, in no way, by no means

pink - the 'flower', or finest example of excellence; the embodied perfection (of some good quality); of a pale or light red colour, slightly inclining towards purple; of a pale rose-colour.

panties - short-legged or legless knickers worn by women and girls