pitch - to put (anything) in a fixed or definite place or position, so as to stand, lie, or remain firmly or permanently

for ensample - a deterrent instance of punishment, or of the evil consequences of any course of conduct; a practical warning; 'for example' + Jones: King Arthur in History and Legend 81n: (quotes) 'David, the King's uncle... whose life was an ensample of all goodness'.

seawall - a wall or embankment to prevent the encroachment of the sea, or to form a breakwater, etc.

Rurie, Tuaithe and Cleena - three 'waves of Erin' (Wave of Rury, Dundrum Bay, County Down; Wave of Tuath, mouth of the Bann river, County Derry; Wave of Cleena, Glandore Harbour, County Cork). It was said that when danger threatened Ireland they would smite upon the shores with foreboding roar + Thoth: Egyptian god of wisdom.

stout - Of persons: Thick in the body, not lean or slender; usually in unfavourable sense, inclined to corpulence.

sweyn = swine + Sweyne Forkbeard - son of Harald Bluetooth. He was baptized in infancy, reverted to paganism, fought the Christian faith + swineherd - a man who tends swine, esp. for hire + Welsh Triad: Three Stout Swineherds of the Isle of Britain

Orion - name of a large and brilliant constellation south of the zodiac, figured as a hunter with belt and sword; His first name was Urion because his birth was caused by three gods making water on a bull's hide. The margin of the Empress Eudocia's copy of the Iliad has a note summarizing a Hellenistic poet who tells a story of Orion's birth. Here the gods Zeus, Hermes and Poseidon come to visit Hyrieus of Tanagra, who roasts a whole bull for them. When they offer him a favor, he asks for the birth of sons. The gods take the bull's hide and ejaculate or urinate into it and bury it in the earth, then tell him to dig it up ten months later. When he does, he finds Orion. This explains why Orion is earthborn. 

orgiast - one who celebrates orgies + orgiastes (gr) - one who celebrates secret rites.

marshal + Meeres Schale (ger) - bowl of the sea.

MacMahon, Marie Edme Patrice Maurice de, duke of Magenta (1808-93) - French marshal, president. Descendant of a wild goose, he commanded a division whose assault led to the fall of Sebastopol. Maurice Mahan is a name of the Man Servant (*S*).

ipse - himself; truly himself; in his right mind + Yspaddaden Penkawr - hawthorn as malevolent chief of gods (or giants) in Welsh myth.

quotidian - a quotidian fever or ague; Of things, acts, etc.: Of or pertaining to every day, daily + quotidie (l) - daily + quotient - the ratio of two quantities to be divided.

brute - rough, rude; senseless, stupid

layman - a man who is not a cleric; a man who is an 'outsider' or a non-expert in relation to some particular profession, art, or branch of knowledge + Layamon (fl. 1200) - author of middle English epic "Brut," about eponymous founder of Britain, a refugee from Troy (modeled on Aeneid) + layaman (Middle English) - lawman.

archdeaconry - the jurisdiction, or district under the ecclesiastical control, of an archdeacon

yclept - known as, called

Clio - proper name of the Muse of epic poetry and history; also of a sea-nymph, sister of Beroe

clipping - a press cutting; the shortening of a word, etc.

Sulpician - one of a congregation of secular priests founded in Paris in 1642 + suspicious + Sulpicius (121-88 B.C.) - Roman orator, led a democratic revolt and was put to death by Sulla's forces + Sulpicius Severus (362-425) - Latin monk, wrote Chronica from Creation to 403 A.D. 

save - Followed by an adv. or advb. phrase or clause, expressing the manner, time, etc., in regard to which an exception is to be made; = except.

scan - to examine, consider, or discuss minutely

Polycarp, St (69-155) - bishop of Smyrna. Irenaeus knew Polycarp, Polycarp knew the apostle John. The 11th Britannica calls Polycarp "a living link" in "a chain of tradition." Joyce adds on St Patrick as another link, thus making four holy men.  

Irenaeus, St - 2d-century bishop of Lyons, pupil of Polycarp + Ardill: St. Patrick, A.D. 180 173: 'eye-witnesses of the Word. Irenaeus looked into the eyes of Polycarp, Polycarp looked into the eyes of John, and John looked into the eyes of Christ'.

Ardill: St. Patrick, A.D. 180 174: 'St. Patrick lived in the same country and at the same time as St. Irenaeus, and may have looked into his eyes'. 

palmer - pilgrim who had returned from the Holy Land, in sign of which he carried a palm-branch or palm-leaf; also, an itinerant monk who travelled from shrine to shrine, under a perpetual vow of poverty.

yew - a tree of the genus Taxus widely distributed in the North Temperate Zone, having heavy elastic wood and dense dark-green foliage; often planted in churchyards, and regarded as symbolic of sadness; the wood of this tree, esp. as the material of bows + Monks, Fagin the Jew, the Artful Dodger - villains in 'Oliver Twist' by Charles Dickens.

archer - one who shoots with bow and arrows, esp. one who uses them in war; a bowman

Liffey river

Butler: The Way of All Flesh

ISLAND BRIDGE - Aka Sarah Bridge, after the Countess of Westmoreland, who laid the fist stone in 1791. Spans the Liffey near the South-East entrance (Island Bridge Gate) to Phoenix Park + droichead (ir.) - bridge.


BUTT BRIDGE - The last (and Eastmost) bridge as the Liffey flows except for the Loop Line Railway bridge. Erected 1879. named for the 19th-cent politician Isaac Butt. 

last + Genesis 21:5-7: Sarah laughed when God said she was to bear a child at age ninety; hence name Isaac (means 'he laughed').

minne (mini) (gael) - stuttering + Minne (ger) - love.

exterior + extorreo (l) - to parch up, to be schorched; I am scorched.

monolith - a single block of stone, esp. one of notable size, shaped into a pillar or monument + monologue intérieure (fr) - interior monologue.

inturned - turned inward

Perrichon - the female form of "Pierre," a dancing song. "Bastienne" is another dancing song. They occur, as Miss Jacquet says, in the Rabelais list, Buffalo Workbook #45 + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.207: 'Les autres appellations de danses... se rapportent... A des noms propres d'hommes... Perrichon... A des noms propres de femmes... Bastienne' (French 'The other names of dances... correspond... To proper names of men... Perrichon... To proper names of women... Bastienne'). 

airy - like air in its lightness and buoyancy (used appreciatively)

Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.308: 'Ricqueraque... synonyme de zig-zag... sert à Rabelais pour désigner l'amour et le mal qui en résulte' (French 'Ricqueraque... synonym of zig-zag... serves Rabelais to refer to love and its ill consequences') + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.307: 'Brimballer, faire l'amour, proprement sonner fortement les cloches' (French 'Brimballer, to make love, literally to ring the bells forcefully') + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.298: 'Jocquer, proprement jucher, percher' (French 'Jocquer, literally to roost, to perch') + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.299: 'Cas, joly cas, l'atto' (French 'Cas, joly cas, the sexual act').

sayest thou

dulcis amica (l) - sweet girlfriend + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.207: 'Danses scolaires: Dulcis amica' (French 'School dances: Dulcis amica') + {What do you say, sweet friend? [noises of the Liffey]}

Nile, which flows (after leaving the Nyanzas and Jebel) as the Abiad or White Nile, until it reaches Abu, the area of the first cataract, at which point the Nile Valley begins. Thus, a naturalistic explanation is given for the babbling waters flowing down into the valley, which the ancients saw as a vale or gulch of tears (Mark L. Troy).

World Atlas of Everyman's Encyclopedia (1940), 28: 'A, aa (Swedish and Danish Norwegian) river; ab (Persian) water, river; abu (Arabic) father; abiad (Arabic) white;... Bab-el-Mandeb (Arabic) "the gate of tears"' (strait between Gulf of Aden and southern end of Red Sea).

BAB EL MANDEB - The strait between the South end of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden; Arab, "gate of tears." According to legend, named from the deaths in the earthquake which separated Asia and Africa.  

gulch - a narrow and deep ravine, with steep sides, marking the course of a torrent; esp. one containing a deposit of gold

mar - a hindrance, obstruction (obs.); something that mars or impairs + mar (Portuguese) - sea.

memory + Mare Marmoris (l) - "Sea of Marble": the Sea of Marmara + 'sea of murmuring depths' (notebook 1924).

murmurs + Mermer - Sumerian god of storm and wind. 

one's mind's eye - mental view or vision, remembrance

uncharted - of which there is not a map or chart + 'unchartered rock' (notebook 1924) [uncharted sailing hazard?]

evasive - elusive, evanescent

caul - Anat. Any investing membrane or structure, as the membranes of the brain; the amnion or inner membrane inclosing the foetus before birth; esp. this or a portion of it sometimes enveloping the head of the child at birth, superstitiously regarded as of good omen, and supposed to be a preservative against drowning.

hocus pocus + crocus (l) - saffron.

esquiliae (l) - "Oaks": largest of the seven hills of Rome 

faineant - one who does nothing; an idler; Often with allusion to the rois fainéants, 'sluggard kings', a designation of the later Merovingians + Fenian = Fiannaidhe (fieni) (gael) - Warrior; member of Fianna, 3d c. standing army commanded by Fionn Mac Cumhail.

furrin - humorous or dialectal perversion of foreign

aft - Of time: Back from the present, earlier

snooper - one who pries or peeps; spec. one who makes an intrusive official investigation

ope = open

longtime - that has been such for a long time; also, extending for a long time into the future; requiring a long time

Ptolemy Soter - companion and biographer of Alexander, founder of Ptolemaic dynasty in Egypt. Cleopatra was last of the line

Sardanapalus - in Greek myth, last king of Assyria, who, faced with rebellion, burned up himself, wives, and palace + sourd (fr) - deaf. 

lollapaloosa - something outstandingly good of its kind + 'lollapaloosa' (notebook 1924).


Java Man - extinct primate, intermediate between man and the existing anthropoid apes, found 1891-92. + Ginger Jane - oldest complete human body in world. 

odam - a son-in-law + Adam

costa (l) - rib (Eve) + kost (Serbian) - bone.

recurrent - occurring or coming again (esp. frequently or periodically)

'em - them

Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais II.341: 'Par Mahon... serment de géant... qu'on entend encore à Montpellier: per Mahoum!... Le grand Soliman... "faisoit serment sur son grand Dieu Mahom"' (French 'Par Mahon... a giant's oath... that is still heard at Montpellier: by Mahoum!... The great Soliman... "took oath upon his great God Mahom"').

mesme (Old French) - same

annalism - annal-writing, chronicling + psychoanalysis.

from space to space (Joyce's note) Swedenborg: Angelic Wisdom Concerning the Divine Love paragraph 156: 'The creation of the universe, and of all things belonging to it cannot be said to have been accomplished from space to space, or from time to time, thus progressively and successively, but from eternity and from infinity'.

scripture - the sacred writings of the Old or New Testament, or (more usually) of both together

pose - an attitude or posture of the body, or of a part of the body, esp. one deliberately assumed, or in which a figure is placed for effect, or for artistic purposes

sepulture - a chamber that is used as a grave

Merodach or Marduk - Babylonian sungod + Muircheartach (gael) - "Navigator"; anglic. Murdoch.

heat + poet + hoet (Cornish) - a duck + hoest (Dutch) - a cough.

say - what a person says (obs.) + C (l) - 3rd letter of Latin alphabet, equivalent to K. Did not become S ("soft") until middle ages.

ee - north. and esp. Sc. form of eye + ê or é - letter E with circumflex or acute accent.

hut - small crude shelter used as a dwelling + (notebook 1931): 'hat = hut'.

TROY - Ancient Troia, Ilion, on Ilium; city in the Troas, North-West Asia Minor, South of Dardanelles, modern Hissarlik (Turkish 'place of forts').

hennin - a head-dress worn by women in France in the 15th century, of high and conical shape, with a muslin veil depending from it + (notebook 1931): 'hennin = spire' + Helene (gr) - lady whose beauty burned Troy.

aspire - to rise, mount up


quine = quean - a woman, a female + queen + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.34: 'Le primitif quin, singe... et le féminin quine, guenon' (French 'The primitive quin, monkey... and the feminine quine, she-monkey').

selm - a bar of a gate + Selma - Machpherson's Fingal's castle in Morven ("The Poems of Ossian"). 

ashake - to shake off; fig. to dispel

magot = maggot - a whimsical or perverse fancy; a crotchet + Sainéan: La Langue de Rabelais I.32: 'Magot, gros singe sans queue, fort commun en Haute-Egypte ainsi que dans les pays barbaresques' (French 'Magot, a large ape without a tail, very common in Upper-Egypt as well as in the Barbary countries').

baritone - Of the voice: Having a compass intermediate between bass and tenor + BERRATHON - In Macpherson's poem of that name, an island of Scandinavia where Ossian rescues the king, Larthmor, after he has been imprisoned by his own son ['Berrathon, the isle of many storms' (glossed in a footnote: 'a promontory in the midst of waves')].

sanger = sangar - a breastwork of stone + singer + Sanger (ger) - singer + singe (fr) - ape.

as who - (freq. followed by would or should): as or like one who + as who saith or say - as they say, as is commonly said.

when is Versailles going to be gone to (notebook 1924) [Lucia-the-bored-tourist? non-native English]

roadster - a horse for riding (or driving) on the road; Naut. A vessel lying, or able to lie, at anchor in a roadstead.

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora VIII: mentions Fingal's knowledge of herbs.

gillyflower - Applied to native plants having flowers scented like a clove, esp. to the clove-scented pink.

Arthur + Art (art) (gael) - Bear/Stone (masc. personal name) + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora I: 'Artho' (glossed in a footnote: 'the father of Cormac king of Ireland').