customer - one who frequents any place of sale for the sake of purchasing + Joyce's note: 'seldomers - frequently / drunk than sober'.

frequent - to visit or make use of (a place) often

erst - first in time or serial order (obs.)

crafty - skilful in devising and carrying out underhand or evil schemes; cunning, artful + eine erste Kraft (ger) - a good, well-qualified employee.

hake - a gadoid fish, Merlucius vulgaris, resembling the cod

assumed - taken to or upon oneself, appropriated, usurped; pretended, 'put on'

ignotus (l) - unknown + loquor (l) - to speak + ignotus loquor (l) - unknown I speak + Saint Ignatius Loyola, founder of Jesuit order.

Theobaldus (d. 1161) - archbishop of Canterbury 1138-1161 + Father Theobald Mathew - Irish temperance advocate.

Aegyptus (l) - (1) Egypt; (2) legendary king of Egypt, brother of Danaus. Had fifty sons espoused to fifty daughters of Danaus.

foggy - not clear to one's mind, etc., dim, indistinct + 58

harangue - to make an address or speech to an assembly

ballyhoo - to cajole by extravagant advertisement or praise (after the manner of a barker); to advertise or praise extravagantly

drunk as a fish - very drunk

stamping ground - orig. U.S., an animal's habitual place of resort; also transf

hunter + Huntley and Palmer - English brand of cookies. 

robed - wearing robes of a specified kind, as long-, loose-robed, etc. Also fig.

Cyrus - founder of the Persian empire

shaw - a thicket, a small wood, copse or grove

miner - one who excavates the ground, or makes subterranean passages + minor

smallpox - the pox or pustules on the skin which form the most characteristic feature of the acute contagious disease sometimes called variola; hence commonly, the disease itself + 'And Major K. Shaw in undress after he got the miner smellpax smellpex?' (late 1934-March 1935) Narcissus, 104: The Puritan interposition is purely negative. It cut off, and for the rest it was in costume (it had hardly time to affect the slower styles) the undress of a regular soldier.

white man - a man belonging to a race having naturally light-coloured skin or complexion: chiefly applied to those of European extraction + Whitman, Walt (1819-92) - American poet whose influence is seen in FW.

blighty - affected with blight; blighted + blight - an eruption on the human skin consisting of minute reddish pimples.

blotchy - marred by discolored spots or blotches

beyond seas - out of the country; abroad

Ostrogothic - rel. to East Goths

Ottomanic - rel. to former Turkish dynasty founded by Othman or Osman I., the branch of the Turks to which he belonged, or the Turkish empire ruled by his descendants.

converter - one who converts (another) to any faith, opinion, or party

pandemia = pandemic - a pandemic disease + Pandemia - epithet of Aphrodite + pandêmia (gr) - the whole people.

postmortem - after death + post-war.

plastic surgeon - one skilled in plastic surgery


Hispano- - Spanish

Cathayan - Chinese

BLACK SEA - Aka Euxine, ancient Pontus Euxinus, the sea between Europe and Asia.

Castilian - of or pertaining to Castile; a native of Castile; the language of that province, hence, standard Spanish, as distinct from any provincial dialect

Hebridean - of or pertaining to the Hebrides, a group of islands off the west coast of Scotland

Espanol (sp) - Spanish

Cymric - of or pertaining to the Welsh people and language

Hellenic - of or pertaining to the Hellenes or Greeks, ancient or modern

Rolf the Ganger - a modern rendering of ON. Gongu-Hrólfr the designation of a Norseman who has been from a very early period conjecturally identified (but erroneously) with the 'Rollo' or 'Rou' of Norman history + Rolf Ganger ("walker") or Rollo - chief of the Normans who invaded France, first duke of Normandy.  

booming - the emitting of a deep, resonant sound

cassowary = thunder (Joyce's note)

fletch - to fit (an arrow) with a feather; to feather + fletcher - arrow-maker + flashes of lightning.

Mediterranean - a water area nearly or entirely surrounded by dry land; spec. the Mediterranean Sea.

Spice Islands (Slang) - privy

punt - a flat-bottomed shallow boat, broad and square at both ends + punt (Dutch) - point, full stop + PUNT (PUONI) - Ancient country, somewhere on East coast of Afrika; the Egyptians sent expeditions there to bring back incense, also gold. 

pastime - that which serves to pass the time agreeably; recreation, entertainment (obs.)

past time - belonging to a bygone time, ancient, antique, old-fashioned + FDV: [Past ti Pastimes are past times. Now let bigones be bei Gum's.]

bygone - pl. Things that are past; esp. past offences + let bygones be bygones (phrase).

bei (it) - governor

gunne - obs. pa. tense of gin (v.); obs. form of gun + Michael Gunn - manager of Gaiety Theatre, Dublin.

Saaledes er det i denne vakre verden, mine børn (Danish) - It is like that in this beautiful world, my children.

vild (Danish) - wild + FDV: Thus is Saa, leddies, er it in this world verdens vaskersverden warkenwerlden mine minn boerne, and it wird vild not need olderwise [since primals made alter in garden of Idem].

cima (it) - top, peak + d'oro (it) - golden.

primal - chief, original, primitive + primus (l) - first.

alter - something (esp. another person) regarded as existing outside the self + alter (l) - the second of two.

idem - the same word, name, title, author, etc., as mentioned before: used to avoid repetition + idem (l) - the same + garden of Eden - abode of Adam and Eve at their creation, Paradise.

flask - a bottle, usually of glass, of spheroidal or bulbous shape, with a long narrow neck

saith - archaic past of say

emerald - Printing. The name of the size of type larger than nonpareil and smaller than minion; emerald-green; a precious stone of bright green colour; Hermes Trismegistus' works are sometimes called the Emerald Tables.

canticle - a song, properly a little song; a hymn

Hermes - in Greek mythology, a deity, the son of Zeus and Maia, represented as the messenger of the gods, the god of science, commerce, eloquence, and many of the arts of life; Hermes Trismegistus (Hermes thrice-greatest), the name given by the Neo-platonists and the devotees  of mysticism and alchemy to the Egyptian god Thoth, regarded as more or less identified with the Grecian Hermes, and as the author of all mysterious doctrines, and especially of the secrets of alchemy. 

non quod sed quia (l) - not because but wherefore (quod and quia are virtual synonyms) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

loth - alternative form of loath + love and pleasure + FDV: The tasks above are as the flasks below, saith the Emerald Canticle of Hermes. And all is lath & plaster solarsystematized by that original sun.

inkbottle - vessel or receptacle for holding writing or printing ink

solar system - the sun together with all the planets and other bodies connected with it

seriocomically - partly serious and partly comic

almightily - in an almighty manner

rhymeless - without rime, unrimed + rimeless (Archaic) - countless + without rhyme or reason (phrase).

original sin - (Theol.): the innate depravity, corruption, or evil tendency of man's nature, in all individuals of the human race, held to be inherited from Adam in consequence of the Fall.

securely - without danger; without risk of error + securus iudicat orbis terrarum (l) - free from care the circle of the lands judges; i.e., untroubled, the world judges (St. Augustine).

orb - to form or gather into an orb, disk, or globe; to surround or encircle

terrestrial - the terrestrial world, the earth (rare); a terrestrial being; esp. a human being

haud certo ergo (l) - nothing certain, therefore; not at all certainly, therefore

gay Lothario - a libertine, gay deceiver, rake (allusive use of the name of one of the characters in Rowe's Fair Penitent) + Joyce's note: 'Arius = Luther'.

s[ine] nob[ilitas] (l) - without nobility (fanciful etymology for "snob") (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

extraord. clothes heretics (Joyce's note) Maitland: Life and Legends of St. Martin of Tours 52: 'Priscillian was dead, and the Emperor... had dispatched soldiers... to slay the Priscillian heretics... nothing short of indiscriminate slaughter... all pale persons, and all who wore extraordinary attire, might be known for heretics'.

hearsay - that which one hears or has heard some one say; information received by word of mouth, usually with implication that it is not trustworthy + heresy in Paradise Lost (John Milton's "Paradise Lost" contains several heresies).

felicitous - characterized by felicity; Of persons: Happy or pleasantly apt in expression, manner, or style.

culpability - a state of guilt + O felix culpa! (Exsultet).

bad cess to - 'bad luck to', 'evil befall'

archetype - the original pattern or model from which copies are made; a prototype + architect + FDV: O felicitous culpability, bad cess to you for an archetypt!