syntax - the arrangement of words (in their appropriate forms) by which their connexion and relation in a sentence are shown; the department of grammar which deals with the established usages of grammatical construction and the rules deduced therefrom + sin talk.
dunk - n. A liquid or creamy food into which other foods are dunked; v. To dip (food) into a liquid food, such as a beverage or sauce, prior to eating + dunkel (ger) - dark.
subjunction = grammatical conjunction - part of speech that connects two words, phrases or clauses together + subjunctive mood - verb mood typically used in subordinate clauses to express a wish, emotion, possibility, judgment, opinion, necessity, or action that has not yet occurred. It is sometimes referred to as the conjunctive mood, as it often follows a conjunction + subconscious.
dual - Gram. The inflected form expressing two or a pair
duel - to fight a duel; to engage in single combat
prude - a woman who maintains or affects excessive modesty or propriety in conduct or speech
prurio (l) - to itch, to feel sexual desire + pluriel (fr) - plural.
aorist - one of the past tenses of the Greek verb, which takes its name from its denoting a simple past occurrence, with none of the limitations as to completion, continuance, etc., which belong to the other past tenses. It corresponds to the simple past tense in English, as 'he died.'
Chaperon (Joyce's note) → 'but even the aoriest chap chaparound' (late 1934-March 1935) →→ Narcissus, 90: 'So, under steadily flattening vaults, shallower mouldings—this is the period of the caveto—sparser, more mechanical ornament—witness the square and the "Tudor" foliage—through windows of stiffened mullions and, by order of the specialised glazier, ever more inorganic design, man may be seen inventing this fantastic hat, the "Chaperon," whose fashionable points were remnants of its past uses, and to match it a gown, the houpelande, to accentuate his figure.'
pluterperfect - more than perfect + pluperfect - Gram. Applied to that tense of the verb which expresses a time or action completed prior to some past point of time, specified or implied + plaudo (l) - to clap, to applaud + plauder (ger) - gossip.
anent - in respect or reference to, regarding, concerning
petticoats + Joyce's note: 'puttydout' → Narcissus, 61: 'As art goes toward Rome, the age of beauty is advanced. Greece itself showed progressive signs of infantilism, turning from the intermediate sex to sexless youth, and finally to an inane exuberance of prize babies, the first froth of putti-cherub senile sentiment. The work of this amazing people at the height of their power reveals an obsession with the idea of youth which is already morbid.'
haec genua omnia (l) - all these knees + haec genera omnia (l) - all these kinds of things (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).
playwright - a professional maker or author of plays; a dramatist + peter - the penis (slang.) + Wright, Peter - in the 1920s published a scandalous book about politicians, including Parnell, Gladstone. He accused the latter of saving fallen girls for fallen purposes. Gladstone's sons sued, asserting "no property in law can exist in a corpse" (576.5), and they forced Wright to sue for libel. He lost. Gladstone's diaries (see New York Times, March 15, 1975) show Gladstone did indeed lust for his whores in his heart and subdued the lust by whipping himself + preterite (Grammar) + patriot.
tense - fig. In a state of nervous or mental strain or tension; strained, 'on the stretch'; excited, or excitable; spec. in Phonetics, applied to (the articulation of) a speech-sound pronounced with enhanced tension in the muscles of the speech organs.
accusative - Grammar. In inflected languages the name of the case whose primary function was to express destination or the goal of motion; pertaining, tending, or addicted to accusation, accusatory (obs. rare.)
whilst - while
wallflower - a lady who keeps her seat at the side of a room during dancing, whether because she cannot find a partner or by her own choice
poodle - one of a breed of pet dogs
feint - to deceive (obs.); to make a feint or sham attack
let off - to allow to go or escape; to allow or cause to pass away
geranium - a plant of the genus Pelargonium, natives of S. Africa, of which many varieties are cultivated in Great Britain + gerundium (l) - gerund (Grammar).
year or so
kitten - a young cat (not full-grown); fig. Applied to a young girl, with implication of playfulness or skittishness.
warthog - a swine of the African genus Phacochrus
predicable - that may be predicated or affirmed; capable of being asserted + predicate (Grammar).
accident - Grammar. pl. The changes to which words are subject, in accordance with the relations in which they are used; the expression of the phenomena of gender, number, case, mood, tense, etc.; Obs. replaced by accidence.
follow suit - to play a card of the same suit as the leading card; hence often fig., to do the same thing as somebody or something else
go to the pack - to lose a (high) position, to 'go to pieces' + Mackirdy & Willis: The White Slave Market 192: (quoting a "missus" arguing with an American Consul trying to convince her to stop her traffic in American women to the East) 'What will you do, Sir Consul - 'follow suit,' 'reneague,' or 'go to the pack'?'
fumble - a piece of fumbling, a bungling attempt at something + fingers
A vulgar fraction is said to be a proper fraction if the absolute value of the numerator is less than the absolute value of the denominator (absolute value of the entire fraction is less than 1); a vulgar fraction is said to be an improper fraction if the absolute value of the numerator is greater than or equal to the absolute value of the denominator.
malediction - the utterance of a curse; the condition of being under a ban or curse
menstruation + mens (l) - the mind, understanding.
godsend - some desirable thing received unexpectedly and as it were from the hand of God, esp. something of which the recipient is greatly in want; a welcome event, a happy chance.
ardent - burning, on fire, red-hot; fig. Glowing with passion, animated by keen desire, zealous, fervent.
Ares (gr) - god of war (identified with Roman Mars)
brusque - somewhat rough or rude in manner
Boreas - the north-wind; the god of the north-wind
glib - Of a speaker or writer, of the tongue, etc.: 'Well-oiled', ready and fluent in utterance.
Ganymede - a Trojan youth, whom Zeus made his cupbearer
zealous - full of or incited by zeal, characterized by zeal or passionate ardour
omega - the last letter (w) of the Greek alphabet + mightest + ho megistos (gr) - the very great (an epithet of Zeus).
Sothis - star that the Egyptians considered unusually significant. The star is not explicitly identified, but there are enough clues for modern scholars to be almost unanimous in identifying Sothis as Sirius; Plutarch states that The soul of Isis is called Dog by the Greeks and Sothis was identified with Isis in many Egyptian texts + satis (l) - enough + that is the question + satisfaction.
Werbung (ger) - solicitation, wooing, advertising + verb. sap. (l) - a word is sufficient to the wise (abbreviation of Latin: verbum sat sapienti est).
jeg (Danish) - I + je suis (fr) - I am.
vos (l) - you (plural)
umoroso (it) - full of humours + andante amoroso (music tempo indication).
metronome - any device that produces regular, metrical ticks (beats)
quean (Slang) - whore + I thought you were a gentleman. If you are, I'm a queen.
kukkuk (Danish) - cuckoo + Cook (Anglo-Irish) - Hide-and-Seek (because 'Cook!' is sometimes the signal given when the search begins).
search me - Used (chiefly imp. in response to a question) to imply that the speaker has no knowledge of some fact or no idea what course to take + [186.33]
ouk elabon polin (gr) - they did not capture a city + French student joke: 'Ouk elabon Polin; Alagar. Kekelphe; Elpis ephe kaka' (dog Greek): 'Où qu'est la bonne Pauline? À la gare. Qu'est qu'elle fait? Elle pisse et fait caca' (French Colloquial): 'Where is the good Pauline? At the station. What does she do? She pisses and does kaka'.
mauler - one who mauls; a hand, a fist (slang.) + ouk elabon polin (gr) - they did not capture a city.
Petrarch, Francesco (1304-74) - Italian poet, priest who founded the sonnet in remote Vaucluse. The Canzoniere or Rime in Vita e Morte di Madonna Laura is one model, Ovid's Metamorphosis is another for 203.8 ff. In Petrarch's poems, it is common to find metamorphoses into stream (Sorgue), tree (laurel), stone (petra), note Canzone I, Sonnet CXVI. Petrarch is, by his own implication, Apollo, god of poetry; Laura is Daphne, the god's prey, the poet's laurel crown, Madonna to the Holy Ghost of poetic afflatus + patrarchos (gr) - tutelary god + patriarches (gr) - chief of a family.
pinch - a firm compression between the finger and thumb or any two opposing surfaces; a nip, a squeeze + Dante: Inferno V.121: 'The bitterest woe of woes Is to remember in our wretchedness Old happy times; and this thy Doctor knows'.
pash - to break or dash (a thing) in pieces or to atoms; to crush or smash by blows + have a pash for - to love + The Blarney Corn (song): 'O rum it is the comicalest thing How it tickles...'
ploutos (gr) - wealth, riches + Plouton (gr) - god of the netherworld.
pauper (l) - poor; poor man
long and the short of (it, etc.) - sum total, substance, upshot + Lewis and Short - compilers of a standard Latin dictionary.
primer - an elementary school-book for teaching children to read
witchcraft - the practices of a witch or witches; fig. Power or influence like that of a magician, bewitching or fascinating attraction or charm.
pop - with (the action or sound of) a pop; instantaneously, abruptly, unexpectedly
egg - to incite, encourage; to provoke, tempt
spoon - to court or pay addresses to (a person), esp. in a sentimental manner + egg-and-spoon race - sporting event in which participants must carry an egg on a small spoon and race to the finish line without dropping the egg.
clause - a short sentence; a single passage or member of a discourse or writing; a distinct part or member of a sentence, esp. in Gramm. Analysis, one containing a subject and predicate + clothes.
Murray, Lindley (1745-1826) - wrote Grammar of the English Language (1795), which long remained a standard text in England and America.
despondent - characterized by loss of heart or resolution; labouring under mental depression + deponent verb - a verb that is active in meaning but takes its form from a different voice, most commonly the middle or passive.
hortator - one who exhorts or encourages; an exhorter + hortatrix (l) - a female inciter, encourager + orthodoxy.
vindicative - serving to vindicate by defence or assertion + vindicate - to justify or uphold by evidence or argument.