Munster - the southwestern province of the Republic of Ireland, comprising the counties of Clare, Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Tipperary, and Waterford + monastir (Bulgarian) - cloister.
Leinster - the southeastern province of Ireland, comprising the counties of Carlow, Dublin, Kildare, Kilkenny, Offaly, Longford, Louth, Meath, Leix, Westmeath, Wexford, and Wicklow.
Connaught - one of the five ancient kingdoms or provinces of Ireland, lying in the western and northwestern areas of the island
Roderic O'Connor - king of Connaught and the last high king of Ireland + Joyce's note: 'O'Connor O'Brien Mac Laughlin *C*' → IW 90: The victory [over the Danes] brought, no doubt, freedom from foreign oppression, but it did not bring peace. The period separating the defeat of the Danes from the advent of the Normans (1168) was occupied by a fierce contest between three families, the O’Briens of Munster, the MacLoughlins of Ulster and the O’Connors of Connacht—for the dignity of Ard Ri. This war of Gael against Gael was marked by sacrileges and atrocities quite equal to the worst attributed to the Norsemen.
counsel - opinion as to what ought to be done given as the result of consultation
summed - collected into one sum, forming a sum-total
appendage - that which is attached as if by being hung on; a subsidiary external adjunct, addition, or accompaniment, which does not form an essential part of that to which it is added, but is usually natural or appropriate to it; an addition in writing + (ass).
da (Serbian, Russian) - yes
Gaius Julius Caesar - a Roman general, dictator, and statesman
gamely - sportive, merry
taskmaster - one whose office is to allot tasks and see to their performance; an overseer; a middleman + torsk (Danish) - cod + mester (Danish) - master.
'32 = teeth / 1 = moon / sixerords point hole' (Joyce's note) [Armenian vecerord: the sixth; Armenian vec: six] + (23 + 1 + 16 = 40) + (32, 1 + 10 = 3211).
Clio (l) - "Fame": muse of history + patria (l) - fatherland + Cleopatra (69-30 B.C.) - "Paternal Renown": famous queen of Egypt; bore Julius Caesar a son, later became Mark Antony's mistress.
duo - two people; a couple; esp. a pair of entertainers
Druidess - a female Druid; a Druidic prophetess + *IJ*
ready money - characterized by immediate payment in money for articles bought
romper - a casual one-piece garment worn esp. by young women + Joyce's note: 'rompers (skirt)'.
One, Two, Three, Four, Mary's at the Kitchen Door (nursery rhyme)
ordination - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements
omen (l) - a presage: Octavian went on to become Augustus, the first emperor (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).
onus - a burden, charge, responsibility, duty + onus (l) - a burden; Lepidus was a make-weight in the triumvirate (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake)
obit - departure from life, death, decease (obs.); a ceremony or office performed at the burial of a deceased person (obs.) + obit (l) - he opposes; he perishes: Antony's subsequent career (opposed Octavian, went to Egypt, was defeated and killed himself) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).
triumvirate - Rom. Hist. An association of three magistrates for joint administration + triumvir - Rom. Hist. One of three magistrates or public officers forming a committee charged with one of the departments of the administration; a member of the coalition of Pompey, Cæsar, and Crassus, 60 b.c. (first triumvirate), or of the administration of Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus, 43 b.c. (second triumvirate) + *VYC*.
Triumvirate of Octavianus, Lepidus, and Marcus Antonius held joint power in the Roman world after the death of Caesar and defeat of Brutus and Cassius at Philippi, until Antony's defeat by Octavian at Actium (31 B.C.) + (notebook 1931): 'octavius lepidus antony'.
lapidous - full of stones + lapideus (l) - made of stone.
malthouse - a building in which malt is prepared and stored
anthemy - a flower-cluster of any kind + anthemoeis (gr) - flowery + anthemion (gr) - little flower.
layout - a scheme, plan, or arrangement; a number of persons associated in some way
Suetonius - Roman historian (1st and 2d centuries B.C.), wrote lives of the 12 Caesars, from Julius to Domitian + Suetonia (l) - female member of the gens named Suetonius ("Customary") + *I*.
compulsory + upholstery - covering (padding and springs and webbing and fabric) on a piece of furniture.
recur - Of something known, an idea, thought, etc.: To come back or return to one's thoughts, mind or memory.
understudy - to study (a part or character) in order to be able to take the place of a principal actor or actress if necessary
understandings (Slang) - legs
sostituto (it) - substitute
compline - the last religious service of the day + compliment.
gymnos (gr) - naked + genuflect.
mutua (l) - borrowed, lent; a loan; in return + per mutua (l) - mutually, from one to another + *J*.
hold a candle to another - lit. to assist him by holding the candle while he works; hence, to help in a subordinate position
caudle - a warm drink consisting of wine or ale mixed with sugar, eggs, bread, and various spices, sometimes given to ill persons, esp. women in childbed
left hand - 'ill-omened', 'sinister', 'underhand', 'inferior'
likeless - unlike + likeness
sombre - to make sombre; to become or grow sombre
reck - to take care, heed, or thought of some thing (or person), to think (much, etc.) of
sprit - a jet or slender spout of water or other liquid
aniseed - the seed of the anise, used as a carminative, and in the preparation of Oil of Anise, Spirit of Anise, Anise water, and Anisette
trigeminus (l) - three born at birth, set of triplets + gemellus (l) - born at the same time, twin-born.
coddle - a dish traditionally associated with Dublin, Ireland. It was reputedly a favourite dish of Dean Jonathan Swift and appears in several Dublin literary references including the works of James Joyce. It consists of layers of boiled pork sausage and streaky rashers (bacon) with sliced potatoes and onions cooked in the stock produced by boiling the rashers and sausages. The only flavoring is usually salt, pepper, and parsley. Cooking time is approximately 5 minutes boiling the meat to produce the stock followed by 1 hour once all the ingredients have been combined. A covered pot is used for the latter part. + PICTURE
whim - a capricious notion or fancy, a fantastic or freakish idea + harm
gruff - rough, surly, or sour in aspect or manner
gunne - obs. form of gun + O, Willie brew'd a peck o'maut (song): 'The cock may craw the day may daw' + Michael Gunn - manager of Gaiety Theatre, Dublin.
gam - the mouth; a herd or school of whales; a leg + gam (Anglo-Irish) = gom (Irish) - fool.
gonna - colloq. (esp. U.S.) or vulgar pronunciation of going to + gonna (it) - skirt.
gossan - an exposed, oxidized portion of a mineral vein, especially a rust-colored outcrop of iron ore + gossoon (Anglo-Irish) - young lad, boy (from Irish: garsún).
eye - to direct the eyes to, fix the eyes upon, look at or upon
aye - as an affirmative response to a question: Yes; even so.
butt - a hillock, mound + REFERENCE
eroico (it) - heroic + No man is a hero to his valet (proverb) - Literal Origins: Because a valet (originally a personal servant) deals with all the intimate details of his or her boss's life, including their underwear, they do not hold any illusions regarding the person's real personality + Giordano Bruno of Nola: De Gli Eroici Furori [.20-.21]
furioso - a furious person + furioso (it) - furious + Thomas Moore: The Song of O'Ruark, Prince of Breffni (song): 'The valley lay smiling before me'.
nolens volens - willing or unwilling, whether willing or not, willy-nilly
pansy - the common name of Viola tricolor, esp. of the cultivated varieties + pensées (fr) - thoughts; pansies.
brune - a dark-complexioned girl or woman, a brunette
brume - fog, mist, vapour
infinitive - Gram. The name of that form of a verb which expresses simply the notion of the verb without predicating it of any subject.
war - to make or carry on war; to fight
ease - the condition of being comfortable or relieved; freedom from pain, worry, or agitation
innings - the time during which a person, party, principle, etc. is in possession or in power; a term of, or opportunity for, activity of any kind; a turn + Genesis 1:1, John 1:1: 'In the beginning'.
earthapple - In OE. ? A cucumber; ? The potato + lit. Erdapfel (ger) - potatoes + aardappel (Dutch) - potato (literally 'earth-apple').
chatter - incessant talk of a trivial kind
hyperapo - (gr) - more-, above-, excessive
glider - one who, or that which glides → Snake + 'This is the man all tattered and torn, / That kissed the maiden all forlorn, / That milked the cow with the crumpled horn, / That tossed the dog, / That worried the cat, / That killed the rat, / That ate the malt, / That lay in the house that Jack built' (nursery rhyme).
GOUGH STATUE - The bronze equestrian statue of Sir Hugh (later Lord) Gough (pron. "Goff") stood at the corner of People's Gardens (which Gough didn't give). He was "conqueror of the Punjab" at the battle of Gujenat, 1849 + Genesis 3:3: 'the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden' + God.
mink - a small, semi-aquatic, stoat-like mammal
dead leaf - the colour of a dead leaf; chiefly as adj., brown or yellowish brown
quicksilver - the metal mercury
applique - work applied to or laid on another material; spec. A trimming cut out in outline and laid on another surface.
plisser (fr) - pleat + almost appreciate.
sleeky - marked by sleek condition
charmeuse - a soft smooth silk fabric, having a satin-like surface + charmeuse (fr) - charmer (feminine).
wizen - Of plants: To dry up, shrivel, wither. Also transf. of persons, their features, etc. + wir wissen (ger) - we know + listening.