Brian O'Linn - Irish ballad hero, first to wear clothes, make them of simple materials like sheepskin, shells, etc.

pussy + puzzo (it) - stink.

smell a rat - to suspect something

hircus (l) - he-goat + hirco- (l) - goat-.

culotte (fr) - breeches, trousers (Brian O'Linn made sheepskin trousers, inside out; Dagobert wore trousers back to front).

pingin (pinin) (gael) - penny + penge (Danish) - money + a penny for your thoughts (phrase) + Jespersen: Language, its Nature, Development and Origin 150 (VIII.5): (of a children's secret language) ''Ziph' or 'Hypernese' (at Winchester) substitutes wa for the first of two initial consonants and inserts p or g, making 'breeches' into wareechepes and 'penny' into pegennepy'.

caenogenetic - rel. to Haeckel's term for the form of ontogenesis in which the true hereditary development of a germ is modified by features derived from its environment (opposed to palingenesis) + kainogenetikos (gr) - newly genitive, newly generative.

dichotomy - division of a whole into two parts

diagonistikos (gr) - thoroughly fit for contest, completely disposed to fight (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

dynastic continuity (notebook 1924)

pacatum (l) - "pacified": any country friendly to Rome + Pacata Auburnia (l) - Pacified Auburnia + Pacata Hibernia (l) - Pacified Ireland [(notebook 1924): 'Pacata Hibernia'].

gaddy - given to gadding or roving about + giddy.

Arabia - the country so named; fig. Spices

gemmel (Danish) - old + DRAFT SIX: While way back home in Pacata Hibernia, little land untilled, [[Holy] greeny iland, gammel Eire,] one word burrowing on another,

make (Dublin Slang) - halfpenny

wing (Dublin Slang) - penny

burrow - to sink or 'bury' (one's head, etc.) in; Of animals: To make a burrow or small excavation, esp. as a hiding or dwelling-place + 'one word borrows another' (notebook 1924) + one word borrowing from another (Anglo-Irish) - a quarrel.

makroskopos (gr) - one that sees (things) large + microscope.

telescope + tellus (l) - the earth, the dry land, the planet Earth.

geek - a carnival 'wild man' whose act usually includes biting the head off a live chicken or snake

Standfast, Mr - a pilgrim found while praying for deliverance from Madame Bubble, a witch whose enchantments made the Enchanted Ground (an area through which the King's Highway passes that has air that makes pilgrims want to stop to sleep. If one goes to sleep in this place, one never wakes up.) enchanted; She is the adulterous woman mentioned in the Biblical Book of Proverbs) in part II of Pilgrim's Progress + standfest (ger) - steadfast.

topical - of or pertaining to a general heading, a topic or subject of discourse, composition, etc.; of or pertaining to a place or locality, local + (notebook 1924): 'topical hero'.

Mac Uther (mok ortur) (gael) - son of Uther + Uther Pendragon - a legendary king of sub-Roman Britain and the father of King Arthur.

sign's on it (Anglo-Irish) - consequently, therefore, as a result + (notebook 1924): '*C* signs is on him'.

bellygod - one who makes a god of his belly, a glutton; a god presiding over the appetites + (hunchback).

bastille - a tower or bastion of a castle; a fortified tower; a small fortress + DRAFT SIX: Standfest, our topical hero, signs is on his big bastille back and his white patch, the towelturbaned, and Flower, a silvering for to her jubilee with eve's birch leaves for her jointure,

buck up - to cheer up, be encouraged; to make an effort, to 'brace up' + On MS p. 288 for "his big" Joyce substituted "bucked up with fullness, the bellyguttes bellygards bellyguds." The remaining changes on MS p. 288 are of less import though already at this point Joyce began shifting about his phrases. Aside from alterations in the text on pp. 289 and 298, the duplicate typescript was not revised. However two notes from MS p. 288 b are of interest: "Themes of, procastination is the thief of. and tide will wait for no man." (David Hayman: A first-draft version of Finnegans Wake).

fullness - the quality or condition of being full

..."and his white ^hatched^ patch, the towelturbaned, and Flower, a silvering (for) to her jubilee,"... (A perfect example of a whole line skipped by the typist / typesetter. My attention was drawn to it because the sentence didn't parse. In Finnegans Wake, it is "Standfest (who seems moreover to be a she) ... have discusst their things". And as soon as I don't understand the grammar of a sentence first I look it up in Hayman's First-Draft Version. And to be sure there it was: " .. Standfest, our topical hero, signs is on his (big) bastille back and his white patch, the towelturbaned, and Flower, a silvering (for) to her jubilee with eve's birch leaves for her jointure, ... discusst (the) their things of the past, ...") (Robbert-Jan Henkes, 12 April 2001). 

silver - to invest or suffuse with a silvery hue or lustre; to turn (the hair, beard, etc.) white or silvery + serving

jubilee - a season or occasion of joyful celebration or general rejoicing

bugbear - a sort of hobgoblin (presumably in the shape of a bear) supposed to devour naughty children; hence, generally, any imaginary being invoked by nurses to frighten children (obs.); an object of dread, esp. of needless dread; an imaginary terror. In weakened senses: an annoyance, bane, thorn in the flesh.

especially when old, which they soon get to look (notebook 1924)

jointure - a sole estate limited to the wife, being 'a competent livelihood of freehold for the wife of lands and tenements, to take effect upon the death of the husband for the life of the wife at least'.

lavy - a local (St. Kildan) name for the guillemot (the name of several species of sea birds of the genus Alca or Uria) + DRAFT SIX: our lady in waving, girt with a wraparound,

visage - an appearance or aspect + 'face full of flesh' (notebook 1924).

fat as a hen in the forehead (Anglo-Irish phrase) - very thin, meagre + 'was she thin or was she fat as a hen in the forehead' (notebook 1924).

blowhard (Slang) - braggart + 'Airyanna + Bluebart' (notebook 1924) → Dukas: Ariane and Barbe-bleu (opera from a story by Perrault).

topsyturvy - with the top where the bottom should be, upside down + DRAFT SIX: visage full of flesh and fat as a hen's in forehead, Airyanna and Blowybart, topsir and turvy, that royal pair,

BUFFALO - City, West New York State, US. But the allusion is not only to the Buffalo Times (founded 1885) but also to the bygone days in the American West before the buffalo (bison) were destroyed.  

PALACE OF THE QUICKEN TREES - In the Irish tale of this name, Finn and his companions are imprisoned in an enchanted palace by the treacherous Midac. The site is the barony of Kenny, County Limerick. The quicken tree is the mountain-ash or rowan + (notebook 1924): 'Finn palace of quicken boughs'.

hight (Archaic) - called

Goat & Compasses God encompass us (notebook 1924) → the common 'Goat and Compasses' inn sign was popularly supposed to be derived from 'God encompasseth us' + DRAFT SIX: in their ofttimes slated house of the hundred bottles, a palace of quicken boughs hight The Goat and Compasses ('phone number 17:69, if you want to know)

velivolant - running and (as it were) flying with full sail + velivolus (l) - sail-flying, winged with sails (poetic of a ship).

eyen (Middle English) - eyes

shipwrecked - having suffered shipwreck; destroyed or lost by shipwreck + DRAFT SIX: discusst the their things of the past, his sea arms armstrongs round her, her eyne ashipwracked, (though of course he's too big for her [with such a lot of fulness bunched up behind him]) the angerache of their love and the hungerbrood it bore 'em, crime and fable with shame, home and profit,

Cain and Abel

Shem, Ham and Japhet

Jones, Boy - Ulysses, 639: "some anonymous letter from the usual boy Jones". Mr Thornton identifies him as a Trinity College student who informed on Robert Emmet.

Herodotos (gr) (484-425 B.C.) - earliest Greek historian, called "father of history" by Cicero

Ulysses.13.869: 'arks' (arse)

shaik - variant of sheikh

sheek = sheikh

lui (it) - he

lei (it) - her

hun (Danish) - she

ham (Danish) - him

scribbledehobble - James Joyce's nonce-formation on scribble, influenced by such a word as hobbledehoy, the etymology of which is obscure. Hence, the name given to one of Joyce's notebooks.

hard upon - close before or after so as to press upon + DRAFT SIX: but simpler vintner of vendibles [why lui lied to lei and hun tried to kill ham,] scribbledehobbles, in whose veins runs a mixture of while pas pas on the ark of 3 or 6,000 tossings, are head bent hard upon their pensums theorems. + REFERENCE

tell me the time

traduce - to put into another form or mode of expression, esp. into another language


nusance = nuisance (obs.) - anything obnoxious or annoying to the community or individual by offensiveness of smell or appearance, by causing obstruction or damage, etc.

Dolphin's barn: district of Dublin [211.21]

today is thine whose tomorrow (notebook 1923) Roberts: The Proverbs of Wales 55: 'To-day is thine, whose to-morrow?'

quoke - obs. pa. tense of quake + qui, quae, quod (l) - who, what.

The Book of the Dead


crankly - in a 'crank' manner; lustily, briskly, boldly, etc.