mais maintenant elle est venue (fr) - but now she has come


latter Lammas (day) - a day that will never come + at latter Lammas - humorously for 'never' + lammas (Finnish) - sheep (singular) + Lammas - 1 August.

baith - northern form of both

washwoman = washerwoman + Wöschwib (Swiss German) - chatterbox.

tenebrous - full of darkness, dark; fig. Obscure, gloomy.

thorngarth - an enclosure protected by a thorn-hedge

faery - if or belonging to 'faerie', resembling fairyland, beautiful and unsubstantial, visionary, unreal

blithe - a blithe one; carefree and happy and lighthearted 

belletristic - of or pertaining to belles-lettres (elegant or polite literature or literary studies. A vaguely-used term, formerly taken sometimes in the wide sense of 'the humanities,' literæ humaniores; sometimes in the exact sense in which we now use 'literature'; in the latter use it  has come down to the present time, but it is now generally applied (when used at all) to the lighter branches of literature or the æsthetics of literary study).

bellum - a small boat or canoe used in ports along the shores of the Persian Gulf + bellum (l) - war + pax (l) - peace.

mutuo (l) - in return, by turns, reciprocally + morphes (gr) - shape, form + mutuomorphomutatio (l+gr) - a reciprocal exchange of shape (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

Don Juan - the name of a legendary Spanish nobleman whose dissolute life was dramatized by Gabriel Tellez in his Convivado de Piedra.

Tommy Atkins - Familiar form of Thomas Atkins, as a name for the typical private soldier in the British army + totty (Dublin Slang) - girl; prostitute.

a Quinet quote: flowers and history + REFERENCE

nasal - of, belonging or pertaining to, the nose

fossa - cavity (in anatomy)

valse - to dance the valse or waltz + Vercingetorix - (d. 46 BC), chieftain of the Gallic tribe of the Arverni whose formidable rebellion against Roman rule was crushed by Julius Caesar. He was killed at Caesar's triumph + rex (l) - king.

triumphus (l) - ceremonial procession by a victorious Roman general through the streets of Rome with soldiers, the Senate, and chief captives, who were often then killed, as Vercingetorix was at Caesar's Gallic triumph + arcus triumphalis (l) - at a triumph the army entered through a gate which was often later replaced by a commemorative arch.

Also sprach Zarathustra (Thus Spoke Zarathustra) - Nietzsche's masterpiece in biblical narrative form; in part III, The Convalescent: 'Everything goes, everything comes back; eternally runs the wheel of being. Everything dies, everything blossoms again; eternally runs the year of being.'

Latin + geschwind (German) = gezwind (Dutch) - quickly.

English + Turkish.

Teague - a nickname for an Irishman (*V*)

bog - a piece of wet spongy ground, a morass + boy + bog (Pan-Slavonic) - god.

Thaddeus - apocryphal tradition has it that Jesus had a brother, Judas Thaddeus + *C*. 

polish off - to finish off quickly or out of hand + poliż (Polish) - lick (imperative singular).

nates - the buttocks, haunches + nett's Weib (ger) - nice girl, woman.

pulper - a machine for reducing fruit, straw, roots, paper-stock, etc. to pulp + blotting paper.

margarite = margaret (obs.) - a daisy; esp. Bellis perennis: called also herb Margaret + (notebook 1931): 'margaritomancy' Waite: The Occult Sciences 149: 'The art of divination by pearls was denominated Margaritomancy. The precious stone was set by a fire and covered with a glass vessel. The inquiry was conducted for the recovery of stolen goods; it consisted in the repetition of the names of suspected persons, repeated in a loud voice. When that of the guilty party was pronounced by the speaker, the pearl was supposed to leap up to the top of the glass, which it occasionally shivered with its force' + REFERENCE

hyacinth - bulbous plant with bell-shaped six-parted flowers, of various colours, usually drooping, arranged in a loose upright spike

pervenche - a shade of light blue, resembling the colour of the flowers of the periwinkle + pervinca (l) - periwinkle (flower). 

M. Junius Brutus (85-42 B.C.), G. Cassius Longinus (d. 42 B.C.) - main conspirators against Caesar (according to Eutropius, around sixty or more men participated in the assassination, on the Ides of March [March 15] of 44 BC).

Cassio (it) - Cassius + Cassio: lieutenant to Othello in Shakespeare's Othello.

Virgil or Publius Vergilius Maro (B.C. 70 - 19) - Roman poet. Also a 7th century "fantastic grammarian" (Sortes Virgilianae is telling fortunes by opening Virgil and reading the first passage hit on). 

ware - to give heed, take care, be on one's guard. Const. of, with

trifid - split or divided into three by deep clefts or notches, three-cleft; esp. in Bot. and Zool.

daredevil - recklessly daring

Ignatius Donnelly: The Great Cryptogram

piercing - keenly or painfully affecting; deeply distressing

flashy - superficially bright; brilliant, but shallow; cheaply attractive

cowrie - the porcelain-like shell of a small gastropod, Cypræa moneta, found abundantly in the Indian Ocean, and used as money in some parts of Africa and Southern Asia.

hidalgo - In Spain: One of the lower nobility; a gentleman by birth.

XYZ + The Letter: four crosskisses

wilfulness - disposition to assert one's own will against reason, persuasion, etc.; determination to take one's own way

Desdemona - Othello's wife

Saxum - stone of a granulated structure + saxum (l) - a rock, large stone + Saxon Shilling - piece of antienlistment propaganda in Dublin, 1905 + six

sextum (l) - for the sixth time; the sixth thing + sexton.

porridge + parish priest - the priest in charge of a parish.

multiplicating - multiplying + (notebook 1924): '*X* shadows multiply'.

nel (it) - in the

falso (it) - false + letto (it) - bed.

col (it) - with the

fazzoletto (it) - handkerchief + 'Il fazzoletto' repeated by Othello in act III of Verdi's opera, Otello.

dal (it) - from, by, at the

lezzo (it) - stink

niggar - obs. form of nigger + niggard - one who grudgingly parts with or expends anything + nigger = Othello.

go (to) the length of - e.g. to the distance or extent to which one 'goes' (in a line of action, opinion, etc.); the degree of extremity to which something is 'carried'.


mig - urine; or the drainings from manure + Mick/Nick (motif).

nickel - a one-cent piece partly made of nickel (obs.)

toties quoties - as often as something happens or occasion demands; repeatedly

tackle - to 'come to grips with', to enter into a discussion or argument with

sycamore + Othello, dramatis personae: Othello, a noble Moor in the service of the Venetian state; Cassio, his lieutenant; Iago, his ancient; Desdemona ('Willow Song'; sally: willow).

sally - one of several eucalypts or acacias that resemble willows + sorry + awful silly.

aeger (l) - sick, unwell, diseased + aer (gr, l) - the air + Arger (ger) - anger + ærger (Danish) - spite.

sieger - a besieger + Caesar + Sieger (ger) - victor.

Ruhm (ger) - fame, glory + Shakespeare's Julius Caesar: "Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more." 


to catch, lay, take, etc., ahold of - to grasp by some physical means

ruck - a heap or stack of fuel or combustible material of any kind; nonsense, rubbish

Enten Eller (Either/Or) - title of Kierkegaard's book (in Danish) followed by an English translation + (Freud said that in dreams 'either/or' equals 'and').

nay - a denial, refusal, or prohibition + REFERENCE