foughty - musty

Enoch - the seventh patriarch in the book of Genesis, subject of abundant apocryphal literature + en och trettio (Swedish) - thirty-one.

20, 41, 38 (31), and so on

spillikin - game in which pile of rods are picked up

buttle - to pour out (drink); to do a butler's work + bottles

youthfully - in a youthful manner; with the freshness, vigour, or other characteristic of youth + (the classical meaning of 'adolescence' was an age between seventeen and thirty-one).

eleven + (12 + 28 + 40 + 31 = 111).

non plus ultra (l) - not any farther, no farther; Latin trans. Job 38:11: "Hitherto shalt thou come, but no further"; also used for "no longer possible," and "unsurpassed" + Parnell: speech in Cork, 1885: 'we have never attempted to fix the ne plus ultra to the progress of Ireland's nationhood' + Ulster.

Elba - island off west coast of Italy + Irish See: Eblana or Dublin (Leinster).

nec castellum tuum (l) - nor your castle + nec Cashellum tuum - nor your Cashel (town with ruined ecclasiastical acropolis in Co. Tipperary).

CASHEL - Town, County Tipperary; former capital of the king-bishops of Munster. The cathedral-fortress (now ruins), on the "Rock of Cashel," was burned in 1495 by Fitzgerald Mor (the Great Earl of Kildare); Cashel was one of the original ecclesiastical sees of Ireland and is still one of the 4 RC provinces + caiseal (kashel) (gael) - stone fortress.

Irish See: Tuam (Connacht)

sum - to determine the sum of

pew - an utterance of contempt or derision + pił (it) - plus (Pronunciation 'pew').

boreus (l) - north + Boreas (gr, l) - the north wind.

notus (l) - south + Notos (gr) = Notus (l) - the south wind.

eurus - the east-wind + eurus (l) - east + Eurus (l) - East or South-East wind.

zephyrus (l) - west + Zephyros (gr) = Zephyrus (l) - the western breeze.

ace of spades (Slang) - vulva

deuce - the two at dice or cards

tris (l) - three

quart - a quarter of something (obs.) + quartus (l) - the fourth.

quim - the female external genital organs, the vagina; a woman, women collectively + quintus (l) - the fifth.

multiply + (pantomime) + 1 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 5 = 120.

traduce - to put into another form or mode of expression, esp. into another language + reduced.

nominator - one who nominates to office or for election; Math. A numerator (obs. rare.) + common denominator.

lowest

aliquant - In the phrase aliquant part: Contained in another, but not dividing it evenly, and so opposed to aliquot. 

sex (l) - six

septem (l) - seven

ogler - one who ogles + octo (l) - eight.

novem (l) - nine

decem (l) - ten

gamester - one addicted to amorous sport; a lewd person, whether male or female

Rouen - the name of a city in Northern France + road to ruin (phrase).

dies (l) - day

rakehelly - a thorough scoundrel or rascal; an utterly immoral or dissolute person (appears in Le Fanu's The House by the Churchyard, ch. 71)

values

improduced - not produced from anything else, unproduced + introduce + (convert).

fulmen (l) - lightning that strikes, thunderbolt + fulmine (it) - lightning.

thunders

100 links = 1 chain = 66 feet (Units of length for land)

Norfolk - the name of an English county on the East Coast + SUFFOLK - English county, in East Anglia. The "wey" is an ancient measure of weight, varying widely. According to the OED, the wey of Suffolk cheese was 256 lbs.

til (Danish) - to 

tod - an ancient measure of weight, esp. of wool, usually of 28 pounds + Tod (ger) - death.

York - the name of a city in N. Yorkshire, England

12 ounces = 1 pound (abbreviated 'lb')

ad lib. - extemporized, improvised; at one's pleasure; to the full extent of one's wishes, as much as one desires + ad lib (l) - at will.

Townsend - the name of Sir John Townsend (1868-1957), Irish physicist, used attrib. with reference to certain phenomena and concepts related to his work on the conduction of electricity through gases + Townsend, Richard (1821-84) - Dublin mathematician, wrote on point, line, circle + thousands

imperious - having the rank of, or belonging to or befitting, an emperor or supreme ruler

gallant - a man of fashion and pleasure; a fine gentleman + 1 imperial gallon = 277 ¼ cubic inches.

1 gill = ¼ pint (Units of volume for liquor)

1 stone = 14 pounds (Units of weight) + Livingston.

1 nail = 1/16 of a yard

1 league = 3 miles

lurcher - a petty thief, swindler, rogue; one who loiters or lies hidden in a suspicious manner, a spy + 1 acre = 4 roods = 160 perches = 4840 square yards (measures of area for land, where a perch is 5½ yards x 5½ yards; Ulysses.17.1500: 'acres, roods and perches').

Donner (ger) - thunder + Donnerwetter (ger) - (expletive).

kybosh = kibosh - nonsense, 'rot', stuff, humbug + keibe (ger) - (expletive) + Schicksal (ger) - fate + kybos (gr) - dice.

rule of thumb - a method or procedure derived entirely from practice or experience, without any basis in scientific knowledge; a roughly practical method

pellet - any globe, ball, or spherical body, usually one of small size

prowess - valour, bravery, gallantry, martial daring + power - the product obtained by multiplying a number or quantity into itself a specified number of times, the number of times being indicated by an ordinal numeral.

nonpareil - having no equal; unequalled, peerless

rede - to teach or give (one) a knowledge of (something) + read + rede (ger) - to speak.

rite - a formal procedure or act in a religious or other solemn observance + write

reckon - to count, so as to ascertain the number or amount of

always + allemaal (Dutch) - all-round.

Euclid - a mathematician of Alexandria who flourished about 300 b.c. + Euclid's Elements - the title of a treatise on the rudiments of Geometry.

algebra - the department of mathematics which investigates the relations and properties of numbers by means of general symbols; and, in a more abstract sense, a calculus of symbols combining according to certain defined laws.

take one's bearings - to determine one's position with regard to surrounding objects + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 17: 'They wouldn't took any money' + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'nohow' (seven times in Huckleberry Finn) + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 18: 'anywheres' (six times in Huckleberry Finn).

Todhunter, Isaac (1820-84) - English mathematician whose texts were widely used in English schools

Hall and Knight - wrote mathematics textbooks

agnomen (l) - surname acquired by an individual, not passed on to progeny (e.g. Africanus, Cunctator)

incognita - an unknown or disguised woman or girl + incognitus (l) - unexamined, not known, unknown + incognita (it) - unknown quantity (i.e. x, y).

bate (Irish Pronunciation) - beat

terribly + Jerry.

diarrhea - a disorder consisting in the too frequent evacuation of too fluid fęces, sometimes attended with griping pains + dororhea (gr) - streams of gifts + Dorothea (gr) - gift of God + Hermann und Dorothea - Goethe narrative poem.

fantod - a crotchety way of acting, a fad + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 17: 'they always give me the fan-tods' (i.e. pictures give me fidgets) + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 17: 'seemed to me' + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 18: 'I ought to told her father' + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 24: 'every last word'.

every which way - everyway, in all directions + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 21: 'every which way' (six times in 'Huckleberry Finn').

kinder = kind of + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 31: 'I most dropped in my tracks I was so scared. Well, I tried the best I could to kinder soften it up somehow for myself, by saying I was brung up wicked, and so I warn't so much to blame'.

smear - to rub out with a smear or smudge

Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 27: 'Well, the funeral sermon was very good, but pison long and tiresome'