vae victis - woe to the vanquished; the humiliation of the vanquished by their conquerors + vae vinctis (l) - woe to those tied up.

Dante: Inferno V.100: (Dante's pity for Francesca and Paolo) 'Amor, che al cor gentil ratto s'apprende' (Italian 'Love, that so soon takes hold in the gentle breast').

rathe - counsel, advice; help + rathe (Middle English) - quick.

intake - to take or gather in; to take by force of arms, capture

choker - one that chokes or suffocates another + Thomas Moore: song: This Life Is All Chequer'd with Pleasures and Woes [air: The Bunch of Green Rushes That Grew at the Brim].

batch - a quantity of anything coming at a time

grim - Of persons or animals: Fierce, cruel, savage or harsh in disposition or action.

rusher - one who acts precipitately or without deliberation

hindmost - furthest behind or in the rear, last in position

mark - to take notice; to keep watch; to fix (one's) attention; Also, mark you (or me, etc.)

mo = more + me

diorama - a small-scale representation of a scene, etc., in which three-dimensional figures or objects are displayed in front of a painted background, the whole often being contained in a cabinet and viewed through a window or aperture in the front + diagrams + theorems + dreams.

lubog (lubog) (gael) - noose + Saint Lubbock's Day - August Bank Holiday (after John Lubbock, first Baron Avebury, who introduced Bank Holidays in 1871).

improving - that makes better; spec. that improves the mind, understanding, or character

Time and Western Man - book of Wyndham Lewis (''Nonsense, there is not very much reflection going on at any time inside the head of Mr. James Joyce'': citation from the book).

west end - the western end or extremity of anything; spec. the West End, that part of London lying westward of Charing Cross and Regent St. and including the fashionable shopping district, Mayfair, and the Parks.

exhaust - to consume entirely; to account for or utilize the whole number or quantity of (anything)

India paper - a soft absorbent paper of creamy-yellow or pale buff colour, imported from China where it is made, and used for the 'proofs' or first and finest impressions of engravings.

indices - pl. od index + indice - an indication, sign, token. 

agin - to begin

pear - aphetic form of appear + "it begins to appear" - catchphrase randomly pasted onto a passing reference to the critical reception and publication history of Ulysses.

par ma fay -  by my faith

cheese - to stop, give up, leave off. cheese it! = have done! run away!

clasper - one who makes clasps; one who fits books with clasps (a fastening of the covers of a book)

huggin - the hip-bone, esp. of a horse or cow + HOGGEN GREEN - the old name of College Green, East of Dame Street.

Buick - a brand of American cars (since 1904) + How Buckley shot the Russian General (motif).

take warning - to alter one's course of action when warned of its danger


in short - briefly, concisely. From the 18th c. onwards used only as parenthetical phrase, introducing or accompanying a summary statement of what has been previously said.

pi la gonna mobile (it) - the more the skirt is moveable + Rigoletto: 'La donna mobile': 'woman is fickle'.

ut (l) - so that

an (Archaic) - if

cerebral - pertaining or relating to the brain, or to the cerebrum

saucepan - a deep pan with a handle + James Joyce: Letters I.171: letter 15/02/28 to Harriet Shaw Weaver: 'as for my poor brainbox why it's falling down all the time and being picked up by different people who just peep inside as they replace it and murmur 'So we thought'!' (written just after editing this section for Transition #11).

eery - fear-inspiring; gloomy, strange, weird + eer (Dutch) - honour.

good-for-nothing - one who is good for nothing; a worthless person + it's an ill wind that blows nobody good (phrase) + REFERENCE

discarnate - divested of the flesh or the body, disembodied

jetsam - goods thrown overboard from a ship in distress in order to lighten the vessel (and afterwards washed ashore)

litterage - the process of littering or being littered (Of animals, occas. transf. in contemptuous use of human beings: To bring forth (young).); birth.

convolvula - a winding plant + convolvulus, pl. convolvuli (l) - a caterpillar that wraps itself up in a leaf.

strayed - that has gone astray, lit. and fig.

derelict - forsaken, abandoned, left by the possessor or guardian; esp. of a vessel abandoned at sea; transf. said of land left dry by the recession of the sea

laggin - the projecting part of the staves at the bottom part of a cask or other hooped vessel + lagan - goods (or wreckage) on the sea bed that is attached to a buoy so that it can be recovered + Ulysses.17.1686: 'flotsam, jetsam, lagan and derelict'. 

longa (l) - long + longa (Beche-la-Mar) - to.

beached - Of a ship: Driven or dragged up on the beach; fig. Laid aside, discarded, unemployed + Beche-la-Mar (Beche-la-Mar) - a Melanesian Pidgin.

bashed - having the surface beaten or smashed in

a la - after the manner, method, or style of + la mer (fr) - at the sea + Proust, Marcel (1871-1922) - author of A la recherche du temps perdu (Remembrance of Things Past). Wyndham Lewis was not far wrong when he said Joyce was of the "time" school of "Bergson-Einstein-Stein-Proust." (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

far ahead + pharos (gr) - lighthouse

maturity + futurity - the time yet to come + fatuity - a ludicrous folly.

piccaninnies + pick a person's brains - to elicit and appropriate the results of his thought.

capman - a cap-maker; a man who inspects the lamps attached to miners' caps + (brain).

jazz - a genre of popular music that originated in New Orleans around 1900 and developed through increasingly complex styles + reel to just fancy.

novo (Serbian) = novo (it) - new + de novo (l) - newly, as a new thing, once more.

stale - fig. Of an immaterial thing: That has lost its freshness, novelty, or interest.

whilom - at some past time, some time before or ago; at times (Archaic)

featly - fitly, properly, suitably, aptly; neatly, elegantly; cleverly, deftly, skilfully + William Shakespeare: The Tempest I.2.379: 'Foot it featly'.

crame - a booth or stall where goods are sold in a market or fair + crame (Irish Pronunciation) - cream cream - fig. The most excellent element or part + crime.

Faustian - of or pertaining to Johann Faust, a wandering astrologer and necromancer who lived in Germany 1488-1541 and was reputed to have sold his soul to the Devil

fustian - fig. Inflated, turgid, or inappropriately lofty language; speech or writing composed of high-sounding words and phrases.

Laune (ger) - mood + Yeats: A Vision 251 (book IV, sec. VI): 'As Capricorn is the most southerly sign - "lunar south is solar east" - a line drawn between east and west in the one is at right angles to a line drawn between east and west in the other'.

lightsome -  light-hearted, cheerful, merry; also, enlivening, entertaining

solard (fr. slang) - drunkard

schwer (ger) - heavy + Schwermut (ger) - melancholy + Faust's 'two souls', leicht (light) and schwer (heavy).

whenas - at the, or a, time at which; in a case in which

scare - timid, frightened + Carey - informer on Phoenix Park murderers + caress.

taut - tightly drawn, as by longitudinal tension; stiff, tense, not slack

duplex - a house or other building so divided that it forms two dwelling-places; also, a flat occupying two floors

hark back - Of hounds: To return along the course taken, when the scent has been lost, till it is found again; hence fig. to retrace one's course or steps; to return, revert; to return to some earlier point in a narrative, discussion, or argument.

lark - to play tricks, frolic; to make fun of, tease sportively (a person) + Hark, Hark, the Lark (song).

symbolically - by means of a symbol or symbols + bellicus (l) - of or pertaining to war, military + William Shakespeare: Cymbeline + Yeats: A Vision 257 (book IV, sec. XI): 'not only the symbolical but the geographical East' [.28]

dense - having its constituent particles closely compacted together; thick, compact + According to John Gordon, FW is an autobiography which occurs in one room and, because the life recounted has been lived in the world outside, over many days each 'dense as decade', is also a (highly eccentric) universal history.

moribund - a person in a dying state + mar (Irish) - finger + 'Riding the Franchises' of medieval Dublin mentions 'mears and bounds' separating city and Liberties + Parnell: speech in Cork, 1885: 'No man has a right to fix the boundary of the march of a nation'.

Landsmal - a literary form of Norwegian devised by the Norwegian philologist Ivar Aasen (1813-1896) from the country dialects most closely descended from Old Norse, and considered to be a 'purer' form of the Norwegian language than the official Riksml or Dano-Norwegian (literally 'land's language' in Norwegian).

LITTLE BRITAIN - French Bretagne or Brittany, North-West France; aka Armorica. Tristram died there; Amory Tristram, first Lord of Howth, was born there, or so James Joyce believed. The Matiere de Bretagne is the mediaeval Arthurian cycle. Ptolemy called Ireland "Little Britain." 

brute force + Brutus - legendary refugee from Troy, like Aeneas; eponymous settler of Britain.

helf - obs. form of half + Alfred Lord Tennyson: The Charge of the Light Brigade i: 'Half a league, half a league, Half a league onwards'.

BUSHMILLS - Town, County Antrim; 'Old Bushmils' whiskey is to North Ireland what 'John Jameson and Son' is to Dublin + Bismillah (Arabic) - In the name of Allah (the opening word of almost all the suras of the Koran)

Wolseley, Garnet Joseph, Viscount (1833-1913) - British field marshal, born in Co. Dublin, fought in the Indian Mutiny, Crimea, etc.  

boredom - the state of being bored

gyrograph - an instrument for recording revolutions + gyres - a term used in Yeats's A Vision for conical helices of determined events + geographically.

Loos, Anita (1893-) - American author of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, which Joyce read in 1926 (Letters, I, 246). In Time and Western Man, Wyndham Lewis savaged her and Joyce (also Einstein, Gertrude Stein, Picasso, Charlie Chaplin, and Proust) for being of the "child cult." She is packed into the Alice portmanteau. W. L. was also angry at A. Loos, Picasso, and Chaplin for being small physically. 

Collar of SS (esses) presented by William III to Bartholomew Vanhomrigh (father of Swift's Vanessa and Lord-Mayor of Dublin) in 1697 + Eton collar.

whist! (Anglo-Irish) - silence! + whisper.

sternly - severely, harshly, unbendingly; fiercely, cruelly; loudly

plutonic - belonging to or resembling Pluto; Plutonian + Pluto - Greek god of the underworld.  

Platonic - applied to love or affection for one of the opposite sex, of a purely spiritual character, and free from sensual desire

yearling - U.S. colloq. A student in his first year or beginning his second year at college + Yeats: A Vision 203n (book II, sec. IX): 'the incarnations... attributed by Plato to his man of Ur, his ideal man, whose individual year of 36,000 years or of 360 incarnations later generations identified with the Platonic Year'.

reality + Yeats: A Vision 247 (book IV, sec. IV): 'the symbol expounded in this book of a phaseless sphere that becomes phasal in our thought, Nicholas of Cusa's undivided reality which human experience divides into opposites'.

draw the line - to determine or define the limit between two things or groups; in mod. colloq. use (esp. with at), to lay down a definite limit of action beyond which one refuses to go.