spry - to smarten up; to bustle or stir + spray - to wet with fine particles of water or other liquid, esp. by means of a special instrument or apparatus + spri (Bulgarian) - stop (imperative) + uspori (Serbian) - slow down.

bloodletter - he who or that which lets blood

lekar (Serbian) - doctor, physician

brassen - obs. form of brazen + brusnár (Bulgarian) - barber + brassen (Dutch) - to carouse, to revel + aars (Dutch) - arse.

Es war etwas (ger) - it was something

preterite - of or pertaining to bygone time; Gram. Expressing past action or state.

facemaking - the pulling of faces + peacemaker

pound + "Why do I am alook alike a poss of porterpease? And: Shut!" → "Hwere can a ketch or hook alive a suit and sowterkins? Soot!" [311.22]; also [317.22] [324.12]

apeace - to make at peace, pacify + apiece - for each piece, article, thing, or (colloq.) person; each, for each, to each.

sooterkin - sweetheart; also applied to imperfect literary productions 

bosthoon - an awkward fellow; a tactless, senseless person + Boston, Massachusetts.

black sheep - a bad character + blaa (Danish) - blue + Ba Ba Black Sheep is a nursery rhyme: Baa, baa, black sheep, / Have you any wool? / Yes sir, yes sir, / Three bags full. // One for the master, / One for the dame, / And one for the little boy / Who lives down the lane.

wright - to repair (a ship); to renovate, mend + write + Wright, Peter - in the 1920s published a scandalous book about politicians, including Parnell, Gladstone. He accused the latter of saving fallen girls for fallen purposes. Gladstone's sons sued, asserting "no property in law can exist in a corpse" (576.5), and they forced Wright to sue for libel. He lost. Gladstone's diaries (see New York Times, March 15, 1975) show Gladstone did indeed lust for his whores in his heart and subdued the lust by whipping himself.

Browning: Pippa Passes 

foyne - obs. form of few + I bet, as fine.

motuillsi (Bog Latin) - myself + multa lusi (l) - I have played much.

nock - to fit (the arrow) to the bowstring ready for shooting

nicker - an imaginary being supposed to live in the water, a water-demon

Christian Brothers' Schools, Dublin

versus - against; employed in Law to denote an action by one party against another

Belial - the spirit of evil personified; used from early times as a name for the Devil or one of the fiends, and by Milton as the name of one of the fallen angels + Christ Church versus Balliol (Oxford colleges).

scribble + The Letter: Dear, and it goes on to...

ascription - the action of ascribing, attributing, imputing, or declaring that something belongs to a person or thing

The Letter: born gentleman

milady - a continental rendering of 'my lady', used as an appellation in speaking to or of an English noblewoman or great lady + born and bred + our daily bread.

pen - to write down with a pen; to put into writing

briery - full of or consisting of thorns or briers; brambly, thorny

profuse - to pour forth; to expend, bestow, or produce freely or lavishly

curtsey - the customary expression of respect by action or gesture + according to the Agni Purana, the Indian asoka tree flowers if touched by a beautiful girl's leg.

The Letter: grand funeral/fun-for-all

nasty - foul, filthy, dirty, unclean, esp. to a disgusting degree + mastilo (Serbian, Bulgarian) - ink.

disagreeable - unpleasing, unpleasant, offensive + igra (Serbian, Bulgarian) - game.

frolicky - full of frolic, frolicsome

frowner - one who frowns + fröhliche Frau (ger) - gay wife.

glum - sullen, frowning

grin - forced or unnatural smile, or of the broad smile indicative of unrestrained or vulgar merriment

wagtail (Slang) - whore + The Letter: and how are you Maggy/Madge/Majesty?

Christmas + Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536) - Dutch humanist + erasmios (gr) - dear, lovable + Eros (gr) - sexual love.

PENMARK - Village and peninsula in Brittany, France, where Tristan dies. Tristan watched for Iseult's sail from the cliffs of Penmark. 

anima - Jung's term for the inner part of the personality or character, as opposed to the persona or outer part; also, the feminine component of a male personality + anima (l) - soul. 

sorrowful - full of, oppressed by, sorrow or grief; unhappy, sad + Vulgate Psalms 42:43: Quare tristis es, anima mea? (l) - 'Why art thou cast down, O my soul?' + Vulgate Matthew 26:38: 'tristis est anima mea usque ad mortem': 'my soul is sad even unto death'. 

triste = trist - sad, sorrowful, melancholy + James Joyce lived in Trieste from 1905 to 1915 and again in 1919-20, working as an English teacher at the Berlitz School + "O triste, triste était mon âme..." (fr) - "Oh, sad, sad was my soul...", title of a poem by Verlaine appearing in Romances sans paroles.

mi sono mangiato il fegato (it) - I ate my heart out (literally 'I ate my liver'; expressing grief, vexation, anger).

Se non è vero, è ben trovato (Italian proverb) - if it is not true, it is a happy invention + son trovatore (it) - I am a troubadour.

Il Trovatore - Verdi's opera, in which the hero, Manrico, is a troubador. 

jerry - Phr. to take a jerry (to): to investigate and understand (something)

so so - neither very good nor very bad, but usu. inclining towards bad + so-so (Slang) - tipsy.

Harriot, Thomas (1560-1621) - English mathematician

sadful - sorrowful

Stifel, Michael - 16th-century German mathematician, inventor of our signs for "plus" and "square root" + Stiefel (ger) - boots.

mysterion (gr) - mystery, secret rite

curate + The Pirates of Penzance - a comic opera in two acts, with music by Arthur Sullivan and libretto by W. S. Gilbert.

gouvernement (fr) - government.

twitch - a sharp pain; a pinch, pang, twinge. Freq. of mental pain.

quis - 'Who (wants this)?', asked by the possessor of a specified object which he no longer requires, to a group of his fellows + quisquis (l) - everybody, any one.

floored - brought to the ground, overthrown; also fig. overpowered, done for

plankraft - raft built of planks + Kraft (ger) - power, strength.

shittim wood - the wood of the shittah-tree, acacia wood (used in making the Ark of the Covenant, Exodus 25:10) + Joyce's note: 'ark of shittim wood'.

PIERIAN SPRING - Pieria is the area, North of Mountain Olympus, Greece, where the Muses (called the Pierides) were worshipped. Pope's Essay on Criticism: "A little learning is a dang'rous thing; / Drink deep, on taste not the Pierian spring."

Cartesian - pertaining to Descartes, or to his philosophy or mathematical methods

proscription - denunciation, interdiction, prohibition by authority; exclusion or rejection by public order

griper - one who grasps (obs.); one who complains (U.S. slang.) 

dismal - depressingly dark, sombre, gloomy, dreary, or cheerless + dies mali (l) - evil days + diesmal (ger) - this time.

lay low - to lay flat; to bring to the ground, to stretch lifeless + Ezekiel 4:1-6: 'take thee a tile... and portray upon it the city, even Jerusalem: and lay siege against it... Lie thou also upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it... lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah'.

lay siege to - to besiege; also fig. to attack + Ezekiel 4:1-6: 'take thee a tile... and portray upon it the city, even Jerusalem: and lay siege against it... Lie thou also upon thy left side, and lay the iniquity of the house of Israel upon it... lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah'.

goblin - a mischievous and ugly demon + THE CASTLE - Dublin Castle, was first built on the site of an early Danish fortress by Henry de Londres, ca 1220; Originally a rectangular fortress, with 4 towers and a moat fed by the Poddie River, it was extensively rebuilt, esp in the 18th century.   

besides + Bezouts, Etienne - 18th-century French mathematician.

jenesmal (ger) - that time + dismal.

sack - sackage, plundering

Cruach Padraig (krukh padrig) (gael) - Patrick's Rick (conical heap); mountain, Co. Mayo; anglic. Croagh Patrick.