Noah - the hero of the biblical Flood story in the Old Testament book of Genesis, the originator of vineyard cultivation, and, as the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the representative head of a Semitic genealogical line + Genesis 9:20-1: 'Noah... was drunken'.

Horace - (65 BC - 8 BC), outstanding Latin lyric poet and satirist under the emperor Augustus. The most frequent themes of his Odes and verse Epistles are love, friendship, philosophy, and the art of poetry.

Isaac - in the Old Testament (Genesis), second of the patriarchs of Israel, the only son of Abraham and Sarah, and father of Esau and Jacob. Although Sarah was past the age of childbearing, God promised Abraham and Sarah that they would have a son, and Isaac was born. Later, to test Abraham's obedience, God commanded Abraham to sacrifice the boy. Abraham made all the preparations for the ritual sacrifice, but God spared Isaac at the last moment.

Tiresias - in Greek mythology, a blind Theban seer, famous for being transformed into a woman for seven years

Marius - Roman general and politician, consul seven times (107, 104-100, 86 BC), who was  the first Roman to illustrate the political support that a successful general could derive from the votes of his old army veterans.

Diogenes - archetype of the Cynics, a Greek philosophical sect that stressed stoic self-sufficiency and the rejection of luxury

Tereus, in Greek legend, king of Thrace, married Procne, daughter of Pandion, king of Athens. Later Tereus seduced her sister Philomela, pretending that Procne was dead. In order  to hide his guilt, he cut out Philomela's tongue. But she revealed the crime to her sister by working the details in embroidery. Procne sought revenge by serving up her son Itys for Tereus' supper. On learning what Procne had done, Tereus pursued the two sisters with an ax. But the gods took pity and changed them all into birds, Tereus into a hoopoe (or hawk), Procne into a nightingale (or swallow), and Philomela into a swallow (or nightingale).

Abraham - first of the Hebrew patriarchs and a figure revered by the three great monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam + Abraham Bradley King - Lord-Mayor of Dublin when George IV visited city.

Nestor - in Greek legend, king of Pylos (Navarino) in Elis. All of his brothers were slain by the Greek hero Heracles (the Roman Hercules), but Nestor escaped. In the Iliad he is about 70 years old and sage and pious; his role is largely to incite the warriors to battle and to tell stories of his early exploits, which contrast with his listeners' experiences, shown to be soft and easy. In the Odyssey he entertains Telemachus.

Cincinatus - Roman statesman who gained fame for his selfless devotion to the republic in times of crisis and for giving up the reins of power when the crisis was over  [030.13] 

Leonidas - Spartan king whose stand against the invading Persian army at the pass of Thermopylae in central Greece is one of the enduring tales of Greek heroism

Jacob - Hebrew patriarch who was the grandson of Abraham, the son of Isaac and Rebekah, and the traditional ancestor of the people of Israel + Jacob's travels (Genesis 28-32).

Theocritus - Greek poet, the creator of pastoral poetry. His poems were termed eidyllia ('idylls'), a diminutive of eidos, which may mean 'little poems'. 

Joseph - in the New Testament, Jesus' earthly father, the Virgin Mary's husband, and in Roman Catholicism patron of the universal church; in the Old Testament, son of the patriarch Jacob and his wife Rachel.

Fabius - Roman commander and statesman whose cautious delaying tactics (whence the surname Cunctator, meaning "delayer") during the early stages of the Second Punic War (218-201) gave Rome time to recover its strength and take the offensive against the invading Carthaginian army of Hannibal. Fabianism has come to mean a gradual or cautious policy.

Samson - Israelite hero portrayed in an epic narrative in the Old Testament

Cain - in the Old Testament, first-born son of Adam and Eve, who murdered his brother Abel

Prometheus - Gr. Myth. Name of a demigod (son of the Titan Iapetus), who was fabled to have made man out of clay, and to have stolen fire from Olympus, and taught men the use of it and various arts, for which he was punished by Zeus by being chained to a rock in the Caucasus where his liver was preyed upon every day by a vulture. After Prometheus' theft of fire, Zeus sent Pandora to Prometheus' brother Epimetheus. Pandora carried a jar with her, from which she released "evils, harsh pain and troublesome diseases which give men death." Prometheus is the one who fashions man from inert clay only to find his brother has used up the positive traits.

mich (ger) - me + Mick/Nick (motif).

Because of the fertile land, the biblical Lot, the nephew of the Hebrew patriarch Abraham, selected the area of the cities (Sodom and Gomorrah) of the Valley of Siddim (the Salt Sea, or the Dead Sea) to graze his flocks + Joyce's notes: 'Lot father of grandson' & "L's d's m's of their b's" (Lot's daughters mothers of their brothers).

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (106-48 B.C.) - Pompey the Great: Roman general and politician; fought for Sulla against Marius, fought pirates, extended Roman sway in the East; took part in triumvirate with Caesar and Crassus, fought Caesar in the Civil War, was murdered in Egypt.

Miltiades - Athenian general who led Athenian forces to victory over the Persians at the Battle of Marathon in 490.

Solon - Athenian statesman, known as one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. He ended exclusive aristocratic control of the government, substituted a system of control by the wealthy, and introduced a new and more humane law code. 

Castor and Pollux - in Greek and Roman mythology, twin deities who succoured shipwrecked sailors and received sacrifices for favourable winds. They were the children of Leda and either Zeus, the king of the gods, or Tyndareus, Leda's husband. According to some versions, Castor was the son of Tyndareus and thus a mortal, while Pollux was the son of Zeus. The twins were inseparable and became renowned for their athletic ability. A dispute between them, however, led to bloodshed; although the details are variously recorded, authorities agree that Castor, being mortal, was slain. After Pollux refused immortality in which Castor had no share, Zeus allowed them to remain together alternately in the heavens and the netherworld. Later he transformed them into the constellation Gemini.

Dionysius the Elder - (b. c. 430 BC--d. 367), tyrant of Syracuse from 405 who, by his conquests in Sicily and southern Italy, made Syracuse the most powerful Greek city west of mainland Greece; he also listened to the talk of his prisoners by means of a whispering gallery, called "The Ear of Dionysius." 

Sappho - (fl. c. 610-c. 580 BC, Lesbos, Asia Minor), celebrated poetess; wrote 7 books of poems, most amatory, some homosexual, most not. Only fragments of her poems survive. Sappho's book III.63 condemns an uneducated woman.

Moses - the gifted Hebrew leader who, in the 13th century BC delivered his people from Egyptian slavery

Job, the Book of - an Old Testament book that is often counted among the masterpieces of world literature. It is found in the third section of the biblical canon known as the Ketuvim, or Writings. The book's theme is the eternal problem of unmerited suffering, and it is named after its central character, Job, who attempts to understand the sufferings that engulf him + Job, when smitten with boils 'sat among the ashes' (Job 2:8).

Catilina, L. Sergius (108-62 B.C.) - Roman conspirator; active adherent of Sulla in the Civil War and subsequent thuggery; schemed to murder the consuls in 65 B.C., was tried and acquitted. Lost election for Consul to Cicero and organized another conspiracy; this broken, he was killed at head of rebel force. Also, title character in an Ibsen play.  

Cadmus - in Greek mythology, the son of Phoenix or Agenor (king of Phoenicia) and brother of Europa. Europa was carried off by Zeus, king of the gods, and Cadmus was sent out to find her. Unsuccessful, he consulted the Delphic oracle, which ordered him to give up his quest, follow a cow, and build a town on the spot where she lay down. The cow guided him to Boeotia (Cow Land), where he founded the city of Thebes.

Ezekiel - prophet-priest of ancient Israel and the subject and in part the author of an Old Testament book that bears his name. Ezekiel's early oracles (from c. 592) in Jerusalem were pronouncements of violence and destruction; his later statements addressed the hopes of the Israelites exiled in Babylon + Ezekiel prophesied during exile in Babylon (on the Indus river, hence India).

Solomon - son and successor of David and traditionally regarded as the greatest king of Israel + King Solomon's Mines (1885) is a popular novel by the Victorian adventure writer and fabulist Sir H. Rider Haggard.

Themistocles - Athenian politician and naval strategist who was the creator of Athenian sea power and the chief saviour of Greece from subjection to the Persian Empire at the Battle of Salamis in 480 BC.

Vitellius - Roman emperor, the last of Nero's three short-lived successors. He took emetics so as to eat more.

Darius - king of Persia in 522-486 BC, one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, who was noted for his administrative genius and for his great building projects. He was defeated at Marathon because Greeks attacked immediately.

brewery - a place for brewing; the establishment of a public brewer

club - pl. The cards forming one of the four suits, distinguished by the conventional representation of a trefoil leaf in black.

penny post - an organization for the conveyance of letters or packets at an ordinary charge of a penny each

pun - the use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more meanings or different associations, or the use of two or more words of the same or nearly the same sound with different meanings, so as to produce a humorous effect; a play on words + FDV: When is a Paris not a Paris?

animus - Psychol. Jung's term for the masculine component of a female personality. 

anima - Jung's term for the inner part of the personality or character, as opposed to the persona or outer part; also, the feminine component of a male personality. 

Jack the Giant Killer (Jack and the Beanstalk) - nursery tale and pantomime 

hiding - a flogging, thrashing, beating + Red Riding Hood - nursery tale and pantomime + Joyce's note: 'rude hiding rod'. 

rod - an instrument of punishment, either one straight stick, or a bundle of twigs bound together.

Brother Jonathan - a generic name for the people of the United States, and also for a representative United States citizen

sign the pledge - to take a solemn engagement to abstain from intoxicating drink

spinster - a woman still unmarried; esp. one beyond the usual age for marriage, an old maid

Jonah (Hebrew Yonah, dove; the Latin form is Jonas) - Old Testament book and prophet. Reluctant to preach to his fellow Jews, he was three days in a whale's belly; Dolphin's Barn is a kind of kenning for the belly + Veiled Prophet of Khorassan - hero of T. Moore's Lalla Rookh; he pretends to be a god and to wear a veil to hide his brightness, but in fact, to hide battle scars + William Shakespeare: Hamlet III.2.367: 'Very like a whale' (Ulysses.3.144).

spookerij (Danish, Dutch) - walking of ghosts, eerie noise

Alfie Byrne - Lord-Mayor of Dublin in 1930s, known as 'our little Lord-Mayor'

Hengler's Circus, a well-known circus and variety show, came annually to Dublin in late 19th century [529.34]

thrift - economical management, economy; sparing use or careful expenditure of means

Paris - son of Priam king of Troy; asked to judge a beauty contest among Hera, Athena and Aphrodite, he picked Aphrodite, who bribed him with Helen. This precipitated both the Trojan War and the participation in it of the gods.

Kettle, Lawrence was in charge of the powerhouse that gave electricity to Dublin and the lighthouses. Projected hydroelectric scheme for Dublin in 1920s involved chief engineer Kettle, consulting-engineer Griffith and borough-engineer Moynihan. 

olden - belonging to a bygone age or time; ancient, old

circumspection - the scanning of surrounding objects or circumstances, careful or wary looking about one; attention to circumstances that may affect an action or decision, caution, care.

Our allies the hills: saying of De Valera when 'on the run'

Parnellite - a follower of C. S. Parnell +  + FDV: The Uses & Abuses of Insects Since our Brother Jonathan Took the Pledge, Meditations of Two Young Ladies Girl Guides, The Strangest Dreams I ever Had, Our Allies, the Hills ____, Because — —, the Kettle — —, Schemes for a New Electricity Supply, We All Love the Lord Mayor, Write a Short Essay on Subjugation, The Great Fire at the South City Market, The Shames of Slumdom, Do You Approve of the Existing Parliamentary Party System, Clubs, Is the Co-Education of Animus & Anima Wholly Desirable, Are Parnellites Just Towards Henry Tudor.

Henry Tudor - king of England (1485-1509), who succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York and founded the Tudor dynasty + Henry Tudor Parnell, brother of C. S. Parnell.

chatty - given to chat or light easy talk

slumdom - slums collectively; the inhabitants of the slums; the condition or character of slums or slum-dwellers + Sodom

pontiff - a bishop (of the mediæval Western church); spec. and usually, the bishop of Rome, the pope

Orthodox - the specific epithet of the Eastern Church, which recognizes the headship of the Patriarch of Constantinople, and of the various national churches of Russia, Serbia, Romania, etc., which hold the same 'orthodox' creed.

taglierini in brodo (it) - noodle soup + toglieresti (it) - you would remove.

agrammatism - a form of aphasia marked by an inability to form sentences grammatically

hippos (gr) - horse

christening - conversion to or reception of Christianity, becoming a Christian (obs.); baptism

fistic - pertaining to or concerned with the fists or their use in boxing, pugilistic

Wilde, Jimmy - English boxer

Sharkey, Jack - American boxer

circumstantial evidence - indirect evidence inferred from circumstances which afford a certain presumption, or appear explainable only on one hypothesis

outcast - one rejected or cast off by his friends or by society; an exile; a homeless vagabond + Hunt: India's Outcastes, A New Era.

pewter - a grey alloy of tin and lead, usually containing one fifth of its weight of lead, for which other metals are sometimes substituted, partly or entirely, in the composition of different varieties; pewter utensils collectively; slang. A tankard or 'cup' given as a prize; prize-money; money.

eu (Irish, obsolete) - salmon + Saint Laurence O'Toole, patron of Dublin, is buried at Eu in Normandy.

Monsieur (fr) - Mr + où? (fr) - where? + eu (Portuguese) - I + nenni! (fr) - nay!

hit the hay (phrase) - go to bed