Godard van Reede, 1st earl of, BARON OF AGHRIM, HEER (Lord)
(b. June 14 [June 4, Old Style] 1644, Utrecht, Neth.--d. Feb. 11, 1702/03, Utrecht), Dutch
soldier in English service who completed the conquest of Ireland for King William III
of England (William of Orange, stadholder of the United Provinces) against the forces of
the deposed King James II after the Revolution of 1688.
Van Reede's father, Adriaan, the first Baron van Reede (a Danish title), was also Heer
(Lord) of Amerongen, Middachten, Lievendaal, Ginkel, and other lands of the United
Provinces; thus it was that Godard van Reede later in life came to be called Ginkel in
England. William III appointed Godard van Reede lieutenant general of the cavalry in 1683.
Van Reede (Ginkel) followed William from the Netherlands to England in 1688 and helped
to suppress a mutiny in a Scottish regiment. After William's victory over the Irish Jacobite
army in the Battle of the Boyne (July 1, 1690), William returned to England, leaving
Ginkel in command in Ireland. On June 30, 1691, Ginkel captured the town of Athlone,
which had withstood an earlier siege by William. On July 12 of that year, Ginkel decisively
defeated the Jacobites in the Battle of Aghrim.
Galway then surrendered, and Ginkel followed this victory with a series of bold maneuvers
by which he succeeded in capturing the city of Limerick, the Irish cavalry camp, and the fort
on Thomond Bridge. His conquest of Ireland was completed by the signing of the Treaty of
Limerick, Oct. 3, 1691. For his services Ginkel, who had been naturalized in February of
1691, was created earl of Athlone and baron of Aghrim, both in the Irish peerage, on
March 4, 1691/92. These titles became extinct in 1844, when the 9th earl, who was also
10th Baron van Reede and 5th Count van Reede of the Holy Roman Empire, died without