ohm - the unit of electrical resistance + all Irish hearths and homes.

harmonic - a term used in music theory to describe a note or group of notes which, when played together, create meaningful, or "musical," sounds

condenser - a device used in sound production and acoustical theory that captures and magnifies sound so that it can be made more audible for the listener

ingenium (l) - innate quality, nature + engine

magazine battery - a voltaic battery with a magazine containing crystals to keep the solution saturated + "By the Magazine Wall, zinzin, zinzin" (motif).

mim (Arabic) - the letter M, the 24th letter of the Arabic alphabet + Al-Mim (Arabic) - "The Knowing", one of the Seven Leading Names of God in Islam.

Thor - Norse god of thunder + Petersen coil for lightning protection + torpedo.

synder (Danish) - sins + sons

JOMSBORG - Viking settlement, ca 970-1098, on isle off mouth of Oder River. Its site was near modern town of Wolin. 

tune up - to put (a machine, a racing vessel, etc.) into the most efficient working order + radio tuning.

triode = triode valve - Electronics: A thermionic valve having three electrodes; also, an analogous semiconductor device with three terminals.

valvule - a small valve, in various senses + valve - Mech. A device of the nature of a flap, lid, plug, etc., applied to a pipe or aperture to control the passage of air, steam, water or the like, usually acting automatically by yielding to pressure in one direction only + In electronics, a vacuum tube (American English) or (thermionic) valve (British English) is a device generally used to amplify a signal. An early type of multi-section tube, the 6SN7, is a "dual triode" which, for most purposes, can perform the functions of two triode tubes, while taking up half as much space and costing less.

pipeline - a continuous line of pipes; spec. a channel of supply, information, communication, etc. + pipeline (Slang) - aerial.


Liffey river + living.

depended + deep end + unda (l) - wave

hydrocephalous - water on the brain, having a swollen head

gain - Electronics. An increase in power, voltage, or current, expressed as the ratio of the increased quantity to the original quantity or (more commonly) as the logarithm of this + Gain control - device for varying the gain of an amplifier.

circumcentral - around or about the centre

megacycle - one million cycles (of an oscillation or other periodic phenomenon); megahertz

antediluvian - concerning or referring to the period before the Flood + Libnius river (Liffey).

Saorstat Eireann (serstat erun) (gael) - Irish Free State + sero (l) - late + Staat (ger) = staat (Dutch) - the State.

leastways - at least + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 25: 'Everybody most, leastways women'.

bring about - to cause to happen + brung - dial. pa. tense and pa. pple. of bring (v.) + Mark Twain: Huckleberry Finn 19: 'has brung'.

pip - a short, high-pitched sound, esp. one produced electronically + tip.

lin = line; linn (waterfall) + pipeline [.05]

penetrate + pinnatrate (Irish) - penetrate.


auricular - of or pertaining to the ear

particle - a very minute portion or quantity of matter + Forficula - Latin "small shears or scissors," diminutive of forfex, the typical genus of the earwig family. 

manufactured - fabricated from raw material; fraudulently invented or brought into existence

Piaras Ua Raghallaigh (piers u rayeli) (gael) - Piers descendant of Raghallach ("[strong-]fore-armed"); Piers O'Reilly + ruamghail (rumyel) (gael) - rumbling + lug (Slang) - ear.

tympan = tympanum (obs.) - Anat. The drum of the ear + tympan (Welsh) - drum, timbre.

founder - a maker or creator (obs.)

Eustachian tube - a canal leading from the upper part of the pharynx to the cavity of the tympanum, which it appears to supply with air

street + O'Reilly and Company: mantle manufacturers, 16 Eustace Street, Dublin.

BAILE ┴THA CLIATH - Dublin ("Town of the Ford of the Hurdle")

conch - Anat. The external ear; the spiral shell of any of the larger gastropods + REFERENCE.

culpable - deserving blame or censure, blameworthy + capable

conduct - to transmit, act as a conductor of, serve as a channel or vehicle for

An Aill (un al) (gael) - The Cliff; village N. of Dublin; anglic. The Naul + Nuel's spaces - fluid-filled spaces in the ear's organ of Corti.

Sean-treabh (shantrav) (gael) - Old Tribe; village N. of Dublin + After the time of Vikings, people began to refer to the area from Santry and North to Swords, Lusk, the Naul and beyond as "Fingal", which translates as Fair-Haired Foreigner. 

The organ of Corti (or spiral organ) is the organ in the inner ear of mammals that contains auditory sensory cells, or "hair cells" + Enniscorthy, town, County Wexford. 

concerts + consortiums + concerto (l) - I dispute.

Brython - a Briton of Wales, Cornwall or ancient Cumbria

Symmonds (Hebrew) - variant of Simon (Hebrew 'he who hears')

guild - a company or fellowship of any kind

ropemaker - one who makes ropes

reunion - a meeting or social gathering of persons acquainted with each other, or having some previous link of connexion + union

variegated - many-coloured, vari-coloured; marked or characterized by variety, diverse + variag (Russian) - Varangian, a member of the Viking tribe that invaded Russia (Greek barangoi, cognate with Russian variag: pedlar).

peddler - one who goes about carrying small goods for sale (usually in a bundle or pack); a travelling chapman or vendor of small wares

bar (Hebrew, Aramaic) - son + goy (Hebrew) - nation; a gentile.

B'nei B'rith - name of a Jewish association + brotherhood.

Askold - Viking who seized Kiev, succeeded by Oleg

Oleg - successor to Ruric in Kiev + Sonder- (ger) - special + Alexander the Great

O'Keef-Rosses and Rhosso-Keevens - town of Kiev and its early Scandinavian settlers, sometimes called Rhossisti. According to Mr Senn, the Swiss-German word russenkafer means a beetle, nearly related to the earwig.

rosso (it) - red + Kiev Rus - old name for Kiev and environs.

Yahoo - a name invented by Swift in Gulliver's Travels for an imaginary race of brutes having the form of men; hence transf. and allusively, a human being of a degraded or bestial type + Henrik Ibsen: The League of Youth.

o.s.v. = og saa videre (Danish) - and so on

lall - to say 'lal, lal'; to speak childishly + lull

dozed - stupefied; drowsy, sleepy + bygone days.

arborize - to make tree-like formations + (the Varangians were known to travel along rivers in boats made of a single tree) + Saint Boris - an 11th century descendant of Rurik who was killed by his brother and later canonised (the first saint of Kiev Rus) + Boris Godunov - the first non-Rurik tsar of Russia (in the late 16th century).


ruction (Colloquial) - disturbance, quarrel + reactionary

buckling - a young buck; a smoked herring + Buckel (ger) - hump + Buckling (ger) - kipper + back

hummer - a thing or person that hums + Hummer (ger) - lobster + hammer

en ville - away from home + anvil

stirrup - a contrivance suspended from the side of a saddle to serve as a support for the foot of the rider + castor (l) - beaver + hammer, anvil, and stirrup - the three bones in the middle ear.

iron + Iran + Erin + Man Of Aran - a documentary film on life on the Aran Islands by Robert J. Flaherty (1934).

there's + °re (Danish) - ear.

woman + mane - transf. Applied to a person's long hair + Charlemagne declined a marriage with Empress Irene of Byzantium.

lill - to loll or hang (the tongue) out + till + to the bitter end - to the last and direst extremity; to death itself.

lubber - a big, clumsy, stupid fellow; an unseamanlike fellow + labyrinth + Bitter end - Naut. The last part or loose end of a rope or cable. The anchor cable is tied to the bitts; when the cable is fully paid out, the bitter end has been reached. 

otological - of or pertaining to otology (that branch of science which treats of the ear, its anatomy, functions, and diseases)

house of call - a house where journeymen of a particular trade assemble, where carriers call for commissions, or where various persons in request may be heard of; gen. a house at which one is wont to call or pay a visit; lodging-place for tailors (Slang).

Himmelsbrot (ger) - manna (literally 'heavensbread')

cartomancy - divination by playing-cards + FSTD: House of call is all their evenbreads though its cartomanse hallucinate like an erection in the night the mummery of whose deed immerges a mirage in a merror, for it is where that host of a bottlefilled, hunter's pink of face, is in on a bout to be unbulging an o'connell's whilom his canterberry bellseyes wink wickeding indtil the teller.

hallucinate - to affect with hallucination; to produce false impressions or perceptions in the mind of

erection - that which is built up or reared; a building, structure

mummery - ridiculous ceremonial or 'play-acting'; a performance of mummers + The Memory of the Dead (song).

Lur - tribe in West Iran + lure

NUR - Region in Mazandaran, North Iran + Joyce's note: 'Jebel Nur (Mt of Light)' Holland 42-43: at the end of a sandy valley not far from Meccah stands a high cone-shaped mountain. In the old days it was called Mount Hira, but its name was afterwards changed to Jebel Nur, or the Mountain of Light, for it was there that Mohammed first saw the light that was to lead his people into the way of the truthů Some way up the steep side of Mount Hira is a cave to which Mohammed often retired for solitary meditation + An-Nur (Arabic) - "The Light", the title of the 24th sura of the Koran.

immerge - to dip, plunge, put under the surface of a liquid; to plunge into a state of action or thought, way of living, etc. + emerges.

mirage - an optical illusion in which atmospheric refraction by a layer of hot air distorts or inverts reflections of distant objects

mizen-mast (Nautical) - the third mast, or the mast immediately aft of the main-mast of a three-masted ship + Joyce's note: 'Muezzin (crier) (Bila)'.

watthour - the work done by one watt in one hour

bilaw - obs. form of by-law + Holland 48: Bilal [a freed slave who converted to Islam] afterwards became famous as the first muezzin; the muezzin is the crier who announces the hours of prayer from a mosque.

till time - to the time that, until such time as, till (obs.)

jing - to ring + Time, gents, please' (pub closing).

host - a man who keeps a public place of lodging or entertainment; the landlord of an inn

battlefield - the field or ground on which a battle is fought + filled bottle [.34]

bulkily - in a bulky manner

hulk - a big, unwieldy person + wight - a human being, person. Now arch. or dial.

hunters' pink - scarlet 

orel (Pan-Slavonic) - eagle + oreille (French) - ear.

oriolo (Italian) - clock + aureoled.

bout - a 'round' at any kind of exercise, a turn or spell of work + about to be unbottling.

bulge - to form a protuberance, to swell out; a part that protrudes or extends outward

O'Connell's Ale from Phoenix Brewery, Dublin

seethe - Of a liquid: To rise, surge or foam up, as if boiling; to form bubbles or foam + Joyce's note: 'Al Siddek (true)' → Holland: The Story of Mohammed 47: 'On account of his faithful and honest nature Abu Bakr was surnamed "Al Siddick," or "The True"'

lucky dog - someone considered by others to be lucky + bock - a strong dark-coloured variety of German beer. Also, a glass of this or any other beer + Bock (ger) - he-goat.

stoup - a drinking-vessel, of varying dimensions; a cup, flagon, tankard + stout + Joyce's note: 'Alakabah (pledge of steep) Holland 73: [T]welve men of Yathrib pledged their faith to Islam, solemnly promising to worship none but the One True God, to lead pure and virtuous lives, and obey the Prophet in all that was right. This was the First Pledge of Al-Akabah, or The Steep, It was afterwards called the "Women's Pledge," because there was no mention of fighting for the cause, and the profession of faith was the same as that made by women on joining Islam.

whilom - at the same time, meanwhile, while (obs.)

Canterbury - a city of England famous from ancient times as the see of the Archbishop and Primate of all England. The shrine of Thomas Ó Becket (St. Thomas of Canterbury) who was murdered in the cathedral 29 Dec., 1170, was in pre-Reformation times a favourite object of pilgrimage; and it was a company of pilgrims to this shrine that Chaucer made the narrators of his 'Canterbury Tales', to which some of the attributive uses refer. Canterbury bells are flowers of genus Campanula, allegedly named from bells carried by pilgrims to Canterbury (blue flower, hence blue eyes).  

indtil (Danish) - until

teller - one who relates, makes known, or announces; one who counts or keeps tally (now esp. one who counts money) + Teller (ger) - plate, dish + tailor.

°yne (Danish) - eyes

Ostmen - the name given in Ireland and Iceland to invaders or settlers from Denmark and Norway; esp. the Northmen or 'Danes' in Ireland and their descendants settled in some towns on the East coast of that country.

Scand - colloq. abbrev. of Scandinavian

Aleman - ale-house keeper + Isle of Man.

Hubal giant (Joyce's note) The idol "Hubal" was the largest idol in Mecca, a giant stone statue placed on the top of the Ka'bah. Following the command of the Prophet (Mohammed), Ali placed his feet on the Prophet (Mohammed)'s shoulders, climbed to the top of the Ka'bah, pulled "Hubal" from its place and cast it down + REFERENCE + Joyce's note: 'Joynt' + doublejointed.

tug - a forcible or violent pull

fistfull - as much as a fist will hold, a handful + Finn MacCool (MacCumhail) tore up in anger a great sod of turf and threw it into the Irish Sea, creating Lough Neagh and the Isle of Man.

Culsen - Danish-Norwegian for "MacCool" 

Pythagorean - of or pertaining to Pythagoras, an ancient Greek philosopher and mathematician of Samos (6th c. b.c.) + Patagonians (believed to be giants).

moiety - one's 'better half', i.e. a wife (jocularly.) + mighty

joyant - feeling or showing joy, joyous + giant

foamer - one who foams

dispensation - that which is enjoined or bestowed; Theol. A religious order or system, conceived as divinely instituted, or as a stage in a progressive revelation, expressly adapted to the needs of a particular nation or period of time.

pull up - to lift up, raise with an effort + McCann, Philip - Joyce's godfather, who first told the story of the Norwegian Captain.

turkeycock - the male of the turkey + cork [.26]

gobble - the noise made by a turkey-cock + FSTD: Yet is it, this ale of man, for him just a tug and a fistful as for Culsen [the Patagoreyan,] chieftain of chokanchuckers, and his moyety joyant, under the foamer dispensation when he pullupped the turfeycork by the greats of gobble out of Lough Neagk.

Lough Neagh ("Lake of Eathach") - a freshwater lake in Northern Ireland. An old Irish story tells how the Lough was formed when Ireland's legendary giant Fionn mac Cumhaill (Finn McCool) scooped up a portion of the land and tossed it at a Scottish rival. He missed, and the chunk of earth landed in the Irish Sea, thus creating the Isle of Man.


praise + (Praises be to our Holy Father, the pope gave his solemn benediction, or papal bull, and led a movement of Catholic Emancipation).

hoary - Of the hair, head, or beard: Grey or white with age.


pop - a name for any effervescing beverage, esp. ginger-beer or (later) champagne, from the sound made when the cork is drawn from the vessel containing it + pop (Russian) - orthodox priest + (cork pops out like bullet).

sullen - Of a sound or an object producing a sound: Of a deep, dull, or mournful tone. 

bilge - water accumulated in the bilge of a ship; Naut. That part of a ship's hull or bottom which is broadest and most nearly flat, and on which she would rest if aground. Also, the compartment at the bottom of the hull of a ship or boat where water collects and must be pumped out of the vessel.

sled - to travel in a sledge + FSTS: When, pressures be to our hoary frother, the pop gave his sullen bulletaction and, bilge, sled a movement of catharic emulsipotion down the sloppery slide of a slaunty to tilted lift-ye-lands-men.

cathartic - cleansing, purifying, purging + Cathars - Albigensians, persecuted French sect (11th to 13th century).

explosion + emulsipotio (l) - a drinking of dregs + catharticae emulsionis potio (l) - a drinking of a purgative emulsion.