roall = royal

divorce + davor (ger) - before that + davos (Rhaeto-Romanic) - behind, buttocks.

butcher + bachelor of arts + butt + arse.

cul (fr) - arse + Trinity College, Dublin.

diddle daddle - 'stuff and nonsense', 'fiddle-faddle' + didn't he have.

a drop of the craythur (Irish) - a drop of whiskey (from song Finnegan's Wake)

cradler - one who or that which cradles (an infant, etc.)

stitched + The Night before Larry Was Stretched [i.e. hanged] (song) + FSTD: Diddled he daddle a drop of the cradler on delight mebold laddy was stetched?

knitwear - knitted articles of clothing + Nicht wahr? (ger) - Isn't that so? + niet waar? (Dutch) - is it no so?, isn't that true?

addle - to make addle; to muddle; to confuse (the brain); to spoil + added

uptie - to tie, bind, or fasten up + John Peel (song): 'And the cry of his hounds has me oftimes led'.

botham = bottom (obs.)


drill - a small draught (of liquid) (obs. rare.) + duck, drill (fabrics) + duck and drake - a pastime consisting in throwing a flat stone or the like over the surface of water so as to cause it to rebound or skip as many times as possible before sinking; idle play, reckless squandering.

inlay - material inlaid or prepared for inlaying; to lay or embed (a thing) in the substance of something else so that its surface becomes even or continuous with that of the matrix.

liddle - representing a foreign or dialectal pronunciation of, or used hypocoristically for, little + Alice P. Liddell - friend of Lewis Carroll and model for Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.

lining - a piece of cloth that is used as the inside surface of a garment

maught - strength, might + maut (Scottish) - malt (whiskey) + FSTD: And they addled, Shufflebotham asidled, [plus his ducks fore his drills,] a liddle more lining was might be malt be maught be licensed all at ones, [be the these same tokens,]

license - to give (a person) permission to (do something)

token (Swedish) - the fool + by the same token - on the same ground; for the same reason; in the same way.

rap (Norwegian) - belch + rap - false or inferior coin + I don't give a brass rap - I don't care.

neither + sneith - smooth, polished + FSTD: forgiving a brass rap [sneither a full whole length skreeder nor enshore a short shift shifk so far full as all are were concerned.]

whole length - Of a portrait, etc. representing the whole human figure, usually standing; gen. extending through the whole length.

shift - a body-garment of linen, cotton, or the like; in early use applied indifferently to men's and women's underclothing; subsequently, a woman's 'smock' or chemise; a straight loose dress.

Boniface - generic name for innkeepers. Refererence to Irish licensing laws which permitted "bona fide" travelers to have alcohol when the local citizens could not.

efter (Norwegian) - after


lag (Slang) - urinate + lag (Norwegian) - company, party + angle of lag - Electr. The fraction of a complete cycle, multiplied by 360° or 2p radians, by which a sinusoidal current lags behind the associated sinusoidal voltage.

flow - the action or fact of flowing; movement in a current or stream + let go - to dismiss from one's thoughts; to abandon, give up.

brabble - discordant babble; a paltry altercation, noisy quarrel

hastily - quickly, speedily + hostis (l) - enemy, stranger + hoste (Norwegian) - to cough + host (i.e. publican).

heavily + Heaviside Layer of atmosphere - reflecting zone for electromagnetic waves + heavy sea - a sea in which the waves run high.

come up with - to come so as to be abreast of, to overtake; to reach

joule - an electrical unit, being the amount of work done (or of heat generated) by a current of one ampère acting for one second against a resistance of one ohm + cheek by jowl - side by side; in the closest intimacy.

tailor (Irish) - a measure of whiskey or other spirits (about the same size as a double; also spelled 'taylor') + Three Tailors of Tooley Street; they began a petition: "We the people of England." + *VYC*

butt - to strike, esp. with the head or horns

moyle - a drill pointed like a gad + Sruth na Maoile (srunu mwile) (gael) - Sea-stream of the Bald Headland; sea between Ireland and Scotland + Come Back to Erin (song) + my.

beam - a large piece of squared timber, long in proportion to its breadth and thickness

buttend - the thicker end of anything, esp. of a tool or weapon; a buttock

Reiter (ger) - rider, horseman

diluvium (l) - flood, deluge + devil's.

deluge - a great flood or overflowing of water, a destructive inundation

sesame - the word used as a charm to open and shut the door of the robbers' den in the tale of 'Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves'

skipper - the captain or master of ship, esp. of a small trading, merchant, or fishing vessel + scibeoir (shkibor) (gael) - steersman, skipper + skibb (Norwegian) - ship.

breeze in - to arrive or enter briskly

trip - to strike with the foot so as to cause stumbling

dripping - having liquid falling off in drops


three sheets in the wind - very drunk + (sheets of rain).

tights - tight-fitting breeches, worn by men in the 18th and early 19th centuries, and still forming part of court-dress

truss - a close-fitting body-garment or jacket formerly worn by men and women + superstition that rubbing hunchback's hump brings good luck.

rehearse - to go through or practise (a play, scene, part, etc.) in private, in preparation for a more formal or public performance + horse - to raise.

puffed - swollen or distended in any way; stuffed or padded so as to swell out; gathered in so as to produce a soft swelling mass, as in costume

skirt - the lower part of a man's gown or robe. Now chiefly Hist. or with reference to Eastern countries; the border, rim, outer portion, extremity, or tail-end of anything. 

overall - an outer garment such as a cloak, ulster, or waterproof; a tunic, blouse, or the like worn over the other clothing as a protection against wet, dirt, etc.

appentice - a lean-to building, a penthouse + apprentices + appearances.

mushroom - an umbrella

parasol - a small light umbrella used as protection from the sun + seul (fr) - alone.

take aback - to surprise or discomfit by a sudden and unlooked-for check + taken aback - Nautic. An inattentive helmsmen might allow the dangerous situation to arise where the wind is blowing into the sails 'backwards', causing a sudden (and possibly dangerous) shift in the position of the sails.


howe - tumulus, barrow, burial mound + Howe - site of Thingmote (Viking assembly in Dublin) + how goes everybody?

brolly (Colloquial) - umbrella + HCE +  + FSTD: Borniface, Burniface let flow, babble brabble [and] brabble, and so hostily, heavy breather breathing came up with them and shot the three tailors buttingback to Moyle herring bump as beam and bottom, roller and rider, the seasant samped as skibber breezed in, the tights of his truks trunks at tickle to tackle and his rubmelucky truss rehorsing the pouffed skirts of his overhaul.

marram - a coarse grass found on sandy beaches (Ammophila arundinacea) + good morrow - A salutation used at meeting in the morning, equivalent to the later good morning + marama (Serbian) - a square scarf that is folded into a triangle and worn over the head or about the neck.

sagt (ger) - says

freshwater - unaccustomed to salt water, new to the sea + watt - electrical unit.

boaster - one who extols his own deeds or excellences, a braggart + boa tarde (Portuguese) - good evening, good afternoon + bastards.

BEREHAVEN - A strait between Bere Island and North shore of Bantry Bay, County Cork + Bier (ger) - beer + beehive.

Nagasaki, Japan + nog - a type of strong beer or ale + noksagt (Norwegian) - enough said + noga (Serbian) - leg.

caboodle - a crowd or collection of people + the whole caboodle - the whole lot (of persons or things) + bottle.

segundo (Spanish) = sekund (Norwegian) - second

jill - Of a boat: to move about, to move around; to idle around

to windwards - to the windward side or direction

strak (Norwegian) - straight + straks (Dutch) - presently + make tracks for - to make off, to make for; to go off quickly (orig. U.S.)

Öresund - the Sound, strait between Denmark and Sweden + öre (Norwegian) - ear + oars.

snarest (Norwegian) - quickest

Weg (ger) - road + The Rocky Road to Dublin (song).

hornpipe - a dance of a lively and vigorous character, usually performed by a single person, orig. to the accompaniment of the wind instrument, and specially associated with the merrymaking of sailors + hearing trumpet - an apparatus in the form of a straight or convoluted conoidal tube, used by persons somewhat deaf, to enable them to hear more distinctly + horen (ger) = höre (Norwegian) - hear + hore (Norwegian) - prostitute.

lug (Slang) - ear

lee - a sheltered position or condition + Log an Lagha (lugala) (gael) - Hollow of the Hillside; valley, Co. Wicklow, S. of Dublin; anglic. Luggelaw.

mouth organ - a musical instrument operated by the mouth, harmonica; Zool. One of the parts or appendages forming the mouth (of an insect, crustacean, etc.).


taut - tightly drawn, as by longitudinal tension

tammy = Tam o' Shanter bonnet - a soft woollen bonnet with flat circular crown, the circumference of which is about twice that of the head, formerly worn by Scottish ploughmen, etc. + tummy - the stomach.

slainte (slant'i) (gael) - health + Tam O'Shanter - title, hero of Burns's poem.

wagger - one who wags (his head)

tag - a small pendent piece or part hanging from, or attached more or less loosely to the main body of anything

tuck up - a fold or plait of hair (obs.) + P.W. Joyce: English as We Speak It in Ireland 61: 'Did you ever see the devil With the wooden spade and shovel Digging praties for his supper And his tail cocked up'.

eastering - shifting eastward

westering - westward movement, declension westwards + "Shackleton decided that he should take the initiative and try to reach help, using one of the boats. The nearest port was Stanley in the Falkland Islands, 540 nautical miles (1,000 km; 620 mi) away, but unreachable due to the prevailing westerly winds. Another possibility was to head for Deception Island, at the western end of the South Sandwich chain. Although it was uninhabited, Admiralty records indicated that this island held stores for shipwrecked mariners, and was also visited from time to time by whalers. However, reaching it would also involve a journey against the prevailing winds—though in less open seas—with no certainty that rescue would arrive in time. After discussions with the expedition's second-in-command, Frank Wild, and ship's captain Frank Worsley, Shackleton decided to attempt to reach the whaling stations of South Georgia, to the north-east, with the help of following winds."

hitch - fig. An accidental or temporary stoppage, such as is caused by something suddenly getting caught or entangled; Nautic. A knot used to tie a rope or line to a fixed object + how the H(ell).

fand - the action of trying; trial, proof, experience + fand (ger) - found + fine

sulker - one who sulks + sjöulker (Norwegian) - old salts + soldiers.

mone - an old woman, a crone; a companion + monne (Norwegian) - might + moan + morn.

met (Dutch) - with

Kilbarrack Church once called Chapel of Mone (southwest of Sutton)

certainly + suddenly + suton (Serbian) - twilight, nightfall + Isthmus of Sutton joins Howth to mainland.

indiu (inu) (gael) - today + endnu (Danish) - still.

straightways - immediately, without delay + strandvegs (Danish) - along the beach.

Sackerson (*S*) + (the ship's husband) + FSTD: — Good marrams, sagds sagd he, jilling to windwards, so was his horenpipe lug in the lee off their mouths organs, with his tilt too taut for his tammy all a slanter slaunter and his wigger on a wagger with its tag tucked up tup. And he asked from him how in the hitch did do this my fand Sulkers also he's that fond Sutchenson.

peninsular - of, belonging to, or of the nature of a peninsula + particular friend of mine.

fordeed - a deed done on behalf of some one; a benefit, favour + fordi (Norwegian) - because.

længsel (Norwegian) - yearning, longing

Tolca (tulke) (gael) - Flood; N. Dublin river, site of battle of Clontarf; anglic. Tolka + take hold - to get a person or thing into its (or one's) 'hold' or power; usually with of.

hem (Archaic) - them + take a hold of them.

toff - an appellation, orig. given by the lower classes, to a person who is stylishly dressed or who has a smart appearance + Cluain Tarbh (klun torev) (gael) - Bull Meadow, N.E. Dublin district, site of defeat of Danes by Brian Boru, 1014; anglic. Clontarf.

hug (Norwegian) - mind + ti og fjorten (Danish) - ''ten and fourteen''.

cable - to transmit (a message, news, etc.), to telegraph

Clifden, Connemara, County Galway [407.20] + full stop.

oppe (Norwegian) - up; above + here today and gone tomorrow - a catch-phrase indicating a constant change of events or someone (or something) remaining in a place for a short time + shutting today, opening tomorrow.

ware - to spend, lay out (money, goods) + wire

cobble - a water-worn rounded stone

posh - elegant, fashionable + stop

SKIBBEREEN - Town, South-West County Cork. Its newspaper, the Skibbereen Eagle, warned the Czar of Russia that its eye was on him (U 137/139). Joyce called Skibbereen "the looniest town in Ireland" + Ulysses.16.666: (of Murphy, the sailor) 'The Skibbereen father' + skipperen (Norwegian) - the skipper.

kommen (Norwegian) - come + "Sumer Is Icumen In" is a traditional English song, and possibly the oldest such example of counterpoint in existence. The title might be translated as "Summer has come in" or "Summer has arrived".

pneumatique - the pneumatic dispatch system in Paris; a letter or message sent by this system + nautique (French) - nautical.

Poe + 'Pourquoi Pas' - Charcot's Antarctic exploration vessel [479.28-.29]

raven - the figure of a raven on the flag of the Danish vikings + Poe, Edgar Allan (1809-49) - American writer, "The Raven" and "The Purloined Letter" are mentioned in FW.

evermore - at any future time + "Ghastly grim and ancient Raven wandering from the Nightly shore / Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's Plutonian shore!" / Quoth the Raven, "Nevermore."

tælle (Norwegian) - to count

shin - to 'use one's legs'; to move quickly; to run round

labhair (louwer) (gael) - speak + lauw (Dutch) - law + lowering.

Frankish - the language of the Franks

kicker - fig. One who protests, objects, or rebels + kijker (Dutch) - spectator +  + FSTD: — Skibberen his has common inn, telled shinshanks for his kicker who: / — Pukkelsen, tilltold.

through the medium of - through an intermediate agency, means, instrument or channel

Gaelic - any of several related languages of the Celts in Ireland and Scotland