pervious - Of a person or the mind: Accessible to influence or argument.

aleconner - an examiner or inspector of ale + Ol (ger) - oil + Kenner (ger) - expert, connoisseur + ölkjenner (Norwegian) - aleconner, inpector of ale.

literally - Used to indicate that the following word or phrase must be taken in its literal sense; Now often improperly used to indicate that some conventional metaphorical or hyperbolical phrase is to be taken in the strongest admissible sense.

more power to one's elbow - may you (he, etc.) succeed (in a laudable enterprise) + FSTD: It was now high tide for the reminding pair of snippers snipers to be suitably punished till they had [like the foamer pervious oelconner oelkenner done [liquorally]] no more powers to their elbow.

Thomas Gray: Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College: 'Where ignorance is bliss 'Tis folly to be wise.'

''I'm tired of being nice to every poor fish in school."

spin - to evolve, produce, contrive, or devise, in a manner suggestive of spinning; Of the Fates or other powers: To devise or appoint (one's destiny or fortune).

milk - to extract milk by handling from the teats of (a cow, goat, ewe, etc., rarely, a woman) + Joyce's note: 'Is milked Dan Tallon - without indecent exposure - near
Fox and Geese every Tuesday and Friday' (Dan Talon was mayor of Dublin in 1899; Fox and Geese is district of Dublin).

dies + (4-stage Viconian cycle).

uphold - to support or sustain physically; to keep from falling or sinking

lantern - a transparent case, e.g. of glass, horn, talc, containing and protecting a light

Stift (ger) - convent, foundation; crayon, pencil + stift (Norwegian) - pin, tack.

bona fide - in good faith, with sincerity; genuinely

corolla - Bot. The whorl of leaves (petals) either separate or grown together, forming the inner envelope of the flower, and generally its most conspicuous part; usually 'coloured' (i.e. not green), and of delicate texture + corolla (l) - a garland.

gainst - against

inject - fig. To 'throw in' or introduce from without with more or less violence or interruption, as a thought or feeling into the mind, a statement into a discourse, etc.

discoast - to withdraw from the coast or side; fig. To withdraw, depart.

kipsie - a house; cheap boarding house (Slang)

Dublin Bar - before the construction of the North and South Walls, the mouth of the Liffey was blocked by a sandbar which vessels could cross only at high tide, signaled by a flag on the Poolbeg lightship.  

outback - the Australian interior or backcountry; Applied to other regions or countries with allusion to the Australian interior. Also fig.

Dead Heart - the remote inland area of Australia

Glas Tuathail (glos tuhil) (gael) - Tuathal's ("people-mighty") stream; stream and village near Dun Laoghaire, S. Co. Dublin.

Bothar na pairc (bohernepark) (gael) - Road of the Field; Park Road, street in Glasthule end of Dun Laoghaire + Bonaparte.

Watt, James (1736-1819) - Scottish inventor of the steam engine. 

Bianconi, Charles - in the 19th century he provided Ireland with a transportation system and was known to Dubliners as Brian Connolly + bianconi (Irish) - stage coach (after Charles Bianconi) + (by rail or road). 

Australians in Ireland

tall hat - a silk hat with high cylindrical crown

blow in - to appear or turn up unexpectedly + FSTD: Ignorancer's bliss, therefore, theirs not to say rifle butt target none too wisefolly, poor fish, discoastedself to that point of its Dublin bar where, breaking & entering, from the outback's dead heart, [astraylians in island,] the wellknown tall hat accompanied blown in between houses by a nightcap of that silk [or it might be a black velvet] and a kiber galler dragging his hunker were signalling gale gael warnings towards Wazwollenzee Haven to give them their beerings. Lifeboat Loe, Noeman's Woe, Hircups Emptybelly. With winkles whelks and cacklesent cocklesent jelks. Let be buttercup day eve lit by night in the Phoenix. And old lotts have fumn at Flammagen's ball. How they succeeded by courting daylight in saving darkness he who loves will see.

nightcap - a covering for the head, worn especially in bed; an alcoholic drink taken immediately before going to bed in order to induce sleep

black velvet - a drink made by mixing stout and champagne

galler - one who galls or irritates + William Shakespeare: Hamlet V.1.130-132: 'By the Lord, Horatio, this three years I have took note of it, the age is grown so picked that the toe of the peasant comes so near the heel of the courtier he galls his kibe' + gall - to chafe, to rub or subject to friction; to create a sore on the skin + kibe - a chap or crack in the flesh occasioned by cold, especially on the heel of the foot + kiber galler - a peasant's toe + galler (Norwegian) - Gaul + gal (Norwegian) - mad.

hunker - In U.S. politics: A conservative, one opposed to innovation or change + anchor.

Gael - a Scottish Highlander or Celt; also, an Irish Celt

WALENSEE - Lake, Switzerland, East of Zurich. The "port" (Haven) might be lakeside towns of Walenstadt, Wessen, Murg, or Quarten. "Was wollen Sie haben?" (What will you have?) is standard bartender's greeting + zee (Dutch) - sea.

haven (Norwegian) - garden + haven (Dutch) - harbour.

bearing - the direction in which any point lies from a point of reference, esp. as measured in degrees from one of the quarters of the compass; also, the direction of an arriving radio wave or radar echo determined by a direction-finding system. In pl. the relative positions of surrounding objects. to take one's bearings: to determine one's position with regard to surrounding objects; also fig. + beer.

route - a way, road, or course + North Circular Road and South Circular Road, Dublin.

as (good, ill) luck would have it - by (good, ill) fortune + (pub is open).

lifeboat - a boat specially constructed for saving lives in cases of loss of a vessel at sea + "The strongest of the [Shackleton's] lifeboats, christened James Caird after the expedition's chief sponsor, was chosen for the trip [from Elephant Island to the distant South Georgia whaling stations]."

alloe = aloe - fig. Bitter experiences, trials, etc.

NORMAN'S WOE - A reef on Cape Ann, Massachusets, US. Scene of legendary wreck of the "Hesperus." "Like a sheeted ghost, the vessel swept/Towards the reef of Norman's Woe" (Longfellow, The Wreck of the Hesperus).  

winkless - without a wink, unwinking

whelk - a marine gastropod mollusc of the genus Buccinum, having a turbinate shell + Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary (nursery rhyme): 'With silver bells and cockle shells'.

buttercup - a name popularly applied to species of Ranunculus bearing yellow cup-shaped flowers

Phoenix Tavern - pub in Chapelizod mentioned in Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's "The House by the Churchyard"

lot - a number of persons or things of the same kind, or associated in some way

funn (Norwegian) - discovery, find + Finnegan's Wake, chorus: 'Lots of fun at Finnegan's Wake'.

flamme (Norwegian) - flame + Lannigan's Ball (song).

court - to pay amorous attention to, make love to (with a view to marriage)

bestness - the quality of being best + is business

copeman - a chapman, merchant, dealer; a person wearing a cope + koopman (Dutch) - merchant + Copenhagen

helpen (Dutch) - to help

contre- = counter- - done, directed, or acting against, in opposition to, as a rejoinder or reply to another thing of the same kind already made or in existence

cup - to supply with cups, i.e. with liquor


what's yours? (invitation to drink) + FSTD: He cupped his years to catch me mines with whats yours catch me's to you in what's yours so as minest to hissent,

Joyce's note: 'giel (hâte)' (Armenian djeb: haste)

gail (fr. slang) - racehorse

geil (Dutch) - lascivious + Gall/Gael (Viking foreigner/Irish native).

odor (l) - a smell + odaradzin (Armenian) - stranger.

menial - Of a servant: Forming one of the household, domestic. Now only in contemptuous use.

bland - to mix, intermingle, blend

toddy or rum-toddy - a beverage composed of whisky or other spirituous liquor with hot water and sugar + Tom, Dick and Harry.

hand it to - to acknowledge the superiority of, to congratulate + FSTD: blanding rum, milk and toddy with I hemd hand it to you.

ha'pence - halfpenny

pattedyr (Norwegian) - mammal → sow (halfpenny) + The Wearing of the Green (song): 'Paddy dear and did you hear'.

digitus (l) - a finger

scoop - a large ladle; to heap up, or collect together as by means of a scoop; to profit suddenly

biddy - a chicken, a fowl

bunny - a pet name for a rabbit + animals on Irish coins (introduced in 1928): hens (gael) - pennies + hounds (gael) - sixpences + horses (gael) - halfcrowns + biddy (gael) - penny + bunny (gael) - threepence + sows (gael) - halfpennies.

arc - part of the circumference of a circle or other curve + (Noah put animals in ark).

covet - to desire; esp. to desire eagerly, to wish for, long for + Ark of the Covenant - biblical vessel, described in (1 Kings 8:9) as solely containing the Tablets of Stone on which the Ten Commandments were inscribed.

drohnen (ger) - roar, resound + Drohung (ger) - threat + dronning (Norwegian) - queen + drownings

encounter - to meet with, experience + FSTD: Saying which whiches, with see his bow on the hapence, as the strong waters were rising, he scooped them hens, hounds and horses, biddy by bunny, with an arc of his covethand saved from the drohnings they might oncounter, unto untill his cubid long to hide in dry.

cubit - an ancient measure of length derived from the forearm; varying at different times and places, but usually about 18-22 inches + Genesis 6:15: 'The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits' + The Egyptian hieroglyph for the cubit shows the symbol of a forearm, but it was rather longer than any actual forearms. The Egyptian cubit was not subdivided into centimetres or inches, but into palms and digits. The Egyptian cubit was subdivided into 7 'palms' of 4 'digits', making 28 parts in all, and was between 52.3 and 52.4cm in length.

high and dry - said of a vessel cast or drawn up on the shore out of the water; hence fig. out of the current of events or progress, 'stranded'.

capall (kopel) (gael) - horse (halfcrown) + Finnegan's Wake 5: 'Your souls to the devil, did ye think I'm dead'.

dodger - one who dodges, in various senses of the vb.; in early use, esp. a haggler; later, esp. one who practises artful shifts or dodges; dram of liquor (Slang).

trink (ger) - drink

dregs - the sediment of liquors; the more solid particles which settle at the bottom of a solution or other liquid

zut! (fr) - go to the devil! (expletive) + zoet (Dutch) - sweet + shut, suit, Set + FSTD: Your sowse sows tin the tipple tepple, dodgers, trink me trade dregs! Zoot!

ALICE SPRINGS - The main town in the central Australian desert

fossicker - one who fossicks (to search for gold by digging out crevices with knife or pick, or by working in washing-places and abandoned workings in the hope of finding particles or small nuggets overlooked by others).

swagman (Australian Slang) - an itinerant Australian laborer who carries his personal belongings in a bundle as he travels around in search of work

on the hoof - that has not yet been butchered (of cattle); whilst standing (of a human activity, such as eating)

down under - at the antipodes; in Australia, New Zealand, etc.

pike - collateral form of pick (v.), still in dialectal use in various senses

Mullingar - a town in Co. Westmeath + mulligrubs (Australian Slang) - colic, depression, low spirits + Mullingar Inn, pub, Chapelizod + FSTD: And with the gush of a spring alice the fossickers and swagglers with him on the hoof from down under spiked forth desert roses in that mulligar scrub. 

scrub - stunted trees or shrubs, brushwood; also, a tract of country overgrown with 'scrub'. In Austral. and N.Z. usage, any tract of heavily wooded country, whether bearing small or large bushes or trees.

reenter - to enter again + (the tailor) → "here is tayleren. Ashe and Whitehead, closechop, successor to." [311.24] + Gideon was son of Joash [311.24] [328.04] + {the tailor returns from the races in his white hat and bad temper - he claims the captain to be impossible to fit}

ashe - obs. form of ash, and of ask (v.)

peewee - small, tiny + pei-wei (Chinese) - kerchief.

tiptop - the very top; the highest point or part

nankeen - a kind of cotton cloth, originally made at Nanking from a yellow variety of cotton, but now extensively manufactured from ordinary cotton and dyed yellow

pantaloons - a tight-fitting kind of trousers fastened with ribbons or buttons below the calf, or, later, by straps passing under the boots, which were introduced late in the 18th c., and began to supersede knee-breeches; Hence extended to trousers generally.

cheroot - a cigar made in Southern India or Manilla. This sort being truncated at both ends, the name was extended to all cigars with the two extremities cut off square, as distinguished from the ordinary cigar, which has one end pointed.

cheerio! - a parting exclamation of encouragement, 'goodbye'; a salutation before drinking + zhivio! or, originally, živeo! (English) - prosit!

(hat off)