lieutenant-governor - the deputy of a governor, esp. (a) in the British colonies, the actual governor of a district or province in subordination to a governor-general; (b) in the United States, the deputy-governor of a state with certain independent duties and the right of succession to the governorship, in case of its becoming vacant + groeve (Dutch) - grave.

bury the hatchet (phrase)

R.I.D. = Requiescat in Deo (l) - may he rest in God

previdence - foresight + 4-stage Viconian cycle: thunder/fall, auspices/nuptials, burial, divine providence.

L.s. - letter (not autograph) signed + L.S.D. - abbreviation for 'pounds, shillings, and pence'; hence often used = 'money' + L[aus] s[emper] De[o] (l) - praise to God always (Jesuit slogan); at Belvedere, pupils put letters L.D.S. at ends of essays.

Arthur Guinness, Sons and Company, Ltd (advertisement) + genus sensibus competit (l) - the genus accords with sense (perception) (O Hehir, Brendan; Dillon, John M. / A classical lexicon for Finnegans wake).

limited company - a company in which the liability of each shareholder is limited by the number of shares he has taken, so that he can not be called on to contribute beyond the amount of his shares.

Lynch, Anne - a Dublin brand of tea (advertisement) [Ulysses, 659] + Anna Livia Plurabelle 111. 

pourable - that may be poured; that flows easily

'United we stand, divided we fall' (Morris: Flag of the Union) + On the first attempt of the Castlereagh government to force Irish Parliament to approve the Act of Union in 1800, the original motion was put down by a vote of 111 to 106, despite massive bribery of Irish Parliament members by the English.

Tuesday + thieves' date.

Derby - most noted annual horse-race in England, founded in 1780 by the twelfth Earl of Derby, and run at the Epsom races, usually on the Wednesday before, or the second Wednesday after, Whitsunday + dyr (Norwegian) - expensive, dear; animals + by (Norwegian) - town + "The second installment of our latest Stock Derby contest definitely has a bullish tone to it."

thousand to one + 1001 pities.

Paddy - nickname for an Irishman + paradise.

soon-to-be + Pepys: 'and so to bed'.


troth - one's faith as pledged or plighted in a solemn agreement or undertaking

prudity - excessive regard for the proprieties in speech or behaviour; extreme or affected modesty or demureness + the four imperatives of the 1920s Oxford Group (Buchmanites): absolute truth, absolute purity, absolute honesty, absolute love.

which + (radio programmes due later in evening and week).

fourposter - a four-posted bedstead

quartetto - ? a set of four persons; Mus. A composition for four voices or instruments, esp. one for four stringed instruments; a set of four singers or players who render a quartet.

keskiviikko (Finnish) - Wednesday + kalastus (Finnish) - fishing.

torstai (Finnish) - Thursday + tanssia (Finnish) - to dance.

perjantai (Finnish) - Friday + pelejä (Finnish) - games.

lauantai ja sunnuntai (Finnish) - Saturday and Sunday + kirjallisuus (Finnish) - literature.

whilest = whilst (obs.) - while, till, untill

finnisch (ger) - Finnish + whilst his pullover is finished.

comether (Irish) - spell brought about by coaxing or making love (from English 'come-hither') + {the ship's husband sets to arrange a marriage suit for the captain - he has to be baptised and converted to christianity}

a chara (a khore) (gael) - friend, my friend + ahora (Spanish) - now + O'Hara + Horus - enemy of Set [324.15] + FSTD: — Comither, Horace ahorace,

valour - the qualities of a hero or heroine; exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger (especially in battle) + Judges 6:12: (of Gideon) 'And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.'

elderman = elder - a member of a 'senate', governing body or class, consisting of men venerable for age, or conventionally supposed to be so. 

adaptive - characterized by, or given to adaptation

ts'ai-feng (Chinese) - tailor

tsei-fan (Chinese) - robbers

a lan (a lan) (gael) - many, much + Sinn Féin, Sinn Féin Amhain.

faulter - one who commits a fault; a culprit, delinquent, offender + father in law + FSTD: till I've fined you a faulter-in-law, szed the head talebearer,

tealer = tiller - one who tills the soil, or cultivates any crop or plant; a farmer or farm labourer + gentleman farmer - a country gentleman engaged in farming, usually on his own estate + gentlemen's tailor

Seelord (ger) - Sea Lord (rank) + sailor.

gosse - god; gosh; goose + Gosse (ger) - gutter, alley + gosse (fr) - young lad.

bosse = boss (obs.) + bosse (fr) - bump, hump.

Hengest or Hengist (d. 488?) was a semi-legendary ruler of Kent in southeast England. His name is common Germanic for "stallion". He is paired in the early sources with his brother Horsa ("horse") + hun (Norwegian) - she + hora (Norwegian) - the whore.

John Jameson and Sons, Irish whiskey + Elizabeth I to eighteen tailors: 'Good morning, gentlemen both'.

sailsman - a sailor; also one who manages a sailing-boat + salesmanship - skill in selling, skill in persuading people to buy.

talebearer - one who officiously carries reports of private matters to gratify malice or idle curiosity + tell that to the marines - a scornful response to a tall and unbelieved story.

godfather (McCann [311.05] was Joyce's godfather) + (ship's priest).

scat - a style of improvised singing in which meaningless but expressive syllables, usu. representing the sound of a musical instrument, are used instead of words + FSTD: then sagd sayd the ship's gospfather in the scat story to the husband's capture,  

pax (l) - peace

between + betvinge (Norwegian) - conquer, suppress.

makeshift - that with which one makes shift; a temporary substitute of an inferior kind + make (Norwegian) - spouse.

fisk - any royal or state treasury; jocosely. A man's purse or 'exchequer' + fisk (Norwegian) - fish.

flesh + flesk (Norwegian) - pork + Genesis 2:24: 'they shall be one flesh'.

'Ostman' - Viking (as in Oxmantown, part of North Dublin) + mand (Norwegian) - man.

Amundsen, Roald - Norwegian who discovered the South Pole in 1911 + mund (Norwegian) - mouth. 

Ironside - a name given to a man of great hardihood or bravery; pl. (Ironsides.) Applied to Cromwell's troopers in the Civil War; hence allusively in later uses.

humpty dumpty - short and fat. Also allusively referring to the Humpty-Dumpty of the nursery rime + dump - in a 'dump', amazed, perplexed.

hardy - capable of enduring fatigue, hardship, rigour of the weather, etc.

canoodler - one who canoodles (to indulge in caresses and fondling endearments) + Hardicanute - 11th century king of Denmark and England (son of Canute; fought for the English throne against his half-brother Harold).

BANBA - One of the 3 queens of the Tuatha Dé Danann (according to Keating); the others were Eire and Fodhla. Sovereignty rotated annually among the 3 kings, and each year the country took the name of the ruling queens. Since Eire was queen when the Milesians arrived, they knew Ireland by her name alone. 

soil - to make foul or dirty, esp. on the surface; Hence soiler

toiler - one who toils, a hard worker + sailors and tailors + (invaders and natives).

wilt = will

ideal - a conception of something, or a thing conceived, in its highest perfection, or as an object to be realized or aimed at + Judges 6:36: 'If thou wilt save Israel by mine hand, as thou hast said' (Gideon).

Coats brothers - threadmakers + boats and coats.

blooder - he who or that which draws or lets blood + Bruder (ger) - brother + sworn brothers' oaths.

Judges 7:2: 'and the Lord said unto Gideon' + Judges 6:36: 'and Gideon said unto God' + Genesis 6:14: 'Make thee an ark of gopher wood'.

honourable + FSTD: and sagd sayd he to the nowwedding captain the [rude] honourable hunnerable Humphrey, comether comeether, sagd sayd he,

Saint Clotilda - wife of Clovis, who swore to be converted to the God of Clotilda if her God would grant him victory

James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Temora VII: 'Seven bosses rose on the shield... On each boss is placed a star of night'.

targe (Archaic) - shield

bucksome = buxom - full of health, vigour, and good temper + Buckley + Pukkelsen [316.01]

comet - a celestial body moving about the sun in a greatly elongated elliptical, or a parabolic orbit, and consisting (when near the sun) of a bright star-like nucleus surrounded with a misty light, and having a train of light or 'tail', sometimes of enormous length, and usually directed away from the sun + comether (Irish) - spell brought about by coaxing or making love (from English 'come-hither').

maris lupus (l) - "wolf of the sea": the pike + lupo di mare (it) - seapike; 'old sea dog' (literally 'sea wolf').

Wotan = Odin, the chief deity of Norse mythology + Wut (ger) - anger.

Wal (ger) - whale + white whale (Moby Dick) + FSTD: my old merrytime mortimer, you wutan wall whaal, sagd sayd he.

sheepfold - a pen or enclosure for sheep; fig., esp. in a spiritual sense

quadruped - four-footed

Hugh O'Neill (Red Hand of Ulster) + Matthew

Merodach or Marduk - Babylonian sungod + Mardyke, County Cork (Munster) + Mark

Lusc (lusk) (gael) - Cave; village N. of  Dublin; anglic. Lusk (Leinster)+ Luke

Conga (kunge) (gael) - Strait + Cong, County Mayo (Connacht) + John

blass (ger) - pale + blass (Ulster Pronunciation) - bless + first let us pray.

Neddy (Colloquial) - an ass + (ass braying).

maimed - mutilated, crippled, injured

kowtow - the Chinese custom of touching the ground with the forehead in the act of prostrating oneself, as an expression of extreme respect, submission, or worship + toros (sp) - bull.

criado (Spanish) = criado (Portuguese) - servant

tome - a book, a volume; now usually suggesting a large, heavy, old-fashioned book + Tom

onliness - the fact or character of being the only one of its kind; singleness, uniqueness


altitude - high or exalted position in the scale of being, rank, power, etc. + ultio (l) - revenge.

in wait - waiting, remaining in a place in expectation of some one coming + to lie (or lay) in wait - to take up a concealed position in order to make an unforeseen attack, to lurk in ambush.

winning - persuasive (now rare or obs.); alluring, attractive