Snip snap snude, nu er historien ude (Norwegian, Danish) - 'snip snap Snude, so the story ends' (formula to end fairy tale). In the context, the 'snip snap' might equally suggest Kersse's scissors at work cutting cloth (Eric McLuhan).

goody - good in a weak or sentimental way; addicted to or characterized by inept manifestations of good or pious sentiment.

Trip trap traæko (Danish) - Expression used as call of victory in game.

trap - something (often something deceptively attractive) that catches you unawares + trappe (Norwegian) - staircase; steps.

schooner - a small sea-going fore-and-aft rigged vessel, originally with only two masts, but now often with three or four masts and carrying one or more topsails + skonner (Norwegian) - schooner + treskoene (Norwegian) - the clogs.

put off - Naut. To leave the land; to set out or start on a voyage + 'so they put on the kettle and they made tea and if they don't live happy that you and I may' (formula to end fairy tale).

fie - an exclamation expressing, in early use, disgust or indignant reproach. No longer current in dignified language; said to children to excite shame for some unbecoming action, and hence often used to express the humorous pretence of feeling 'shocked'. Sometimes more fully 'fie, for shame!' + four five.

"Hanigen with hunigen" is Norwegian for 'he again with she again' (Eric McLuhan)

haunt - to practise habitually, familiarly, or frequently (obs.)

Finnegan + inni (Norwegian) - inside + derhen igen (Danish) - there again.

Piaras an Ua Raghailleach na Tulaighe Mongain (pires un urayelokh nu tuli mungan) (gael) - Piers the Descendant of Raghallach ("[strong-]fore-armed") of the Hill of Mongan (diminutive of mongach, "hairy"); anglic. Tullymongan, Co. Cavan.

TULLYMONGAN - Name of 2 townlands near Cavan, County Cavan, in ancient territory of Breffny; originally the name of a hill above Cavan Town. Called Tulach Mongain, "Hill of Mongan," by the Four Masters. Mongan was the 7th-century reincarnation of Finn MacCool.

'whack-for-the-diddle' (refrain in songs) + fall there + father.

Dublin dad youdled

unruly - not amenable to rule or discipline

creek - to bend, turn, wind + crack - trans. To utter, pronounce, or tell aloud, briskly, or with éclat; formerly in crack a boast, word, jest; and still in crack a joke.

Gestapo - the secret police of the Nazi regime in Germany

parry - to ward off or turn aside a weapon or blow by opposing to it one's own weapon or other means of protection; fig. To avert or turn aside from oneself, to avoid, evade + parre (Norwegian) - copulate. 

cheeker - one who 'cheeks' or addresses impudently + The "Gestapo" is contrasted with the Cheka.

frankfurter - a highly seasoned smoked beef and pork sausage, originally made at Frankfurt am Main

MacCumhail (MacCool)

wiley = wily (obs.) + Persse O'Reilly.

Goth - one of a Germanic tribe, who, in the third, fourth, and fifth centuries, invaded both the Eastern and Western empires, and founded kingdoms in Italy, France, and Spain + goth (Cornish, Welsh) - pride + God.

stopping + goose-stepping - a type of ceremonial military marching (associated with Nazism).

tolk - a man (obs.) + tolk (Norwegian, Dutch) - interpreter + Volk (ger) - people, nation (associated with Nazism) + Tolka river, Dublin + talk

Doolin, village, County Clare + Dublin.

drain - a channel by which liquid is drained or gradually carried off; esp. an artificial conduit or channel for carrying off water, sewage, etc. 

plantage - plants in the mass; vegetation, herbage

wattle and daub - interwoven twigs plastered with clay or mud, as a building material for huts, cottages, etc.

pale - to make pale, cause to become pale

boath = both (obs.) + boat.

together + to gutter (Norwegian) - two boys.

testes (pl.) (l) - (1) witnesses; (2) testicles + FSTD: Such was the act of goth stopping the tolk of Doolin, testies Touchwood and Shenstone (incooperated), the chal and his chi, their roammerin over.

touchwood - the soft white substance into which wood is converted by the action of certain fungi, and which has the property of burning for many hours when once ignited, and is occasionally self-luminous; fig. Said of a thing or person that easily 'takes fire', or which, like tinder, 'kindles' something else; esp. an irascible or passionate person, one easily incensed + Touchstone - the court jester in William Shakespeare's 'As You Like It'.

pop - a term of endearment for a girl or woman; darling; also, a mistress, a kept woman; abbreviation of 'poppa'; Hence in extended use, an elderly man + pop (Dutch) - doll, puppet, human effigy.

puma - a large American feline quadruped, Felis concolor, also called cougar.

calf - the young of any bovine animal, esp. of the domestic cow

condor - a very large South American bird of the vulture kind (Sarcorhamphus gryphus), inhabiting chiefly the high regions of the Andes + emblems of four evangelists: man, lion (puma in Ulysses.12.1445), bull, eagle.

auspice - prosperous lead; propitious influence exerted on behalf of any undertaking; esp. in phr. 'under the auspices of' + gaas (Norwegian) - goose..

incorporated - united into one body, combined

chal - the Gipsy word for 'person, man, fellow': sometimes (with the corresponding feminine 'chai') used in speaking of gipsies, by way of displaying familiarity with them and their  language.

chi - the name of c, the 22nd letter of the Greek alphabet + chi (Cornish) - dog.

gribb (Norwegian) - vulture + grob (Serbian) - grave + Grab (ger) - grave; dug.

rein - fig. To rule, guide, or govern; to pull up or back, to check and hold in, by means of the reins.

Parnell: speech in Cork, 1885: 'No man has a right to say to his country "Thus far and no further shalt thou go".'

cavern - a cave + Joyce's note: '*A* cavern woman hair dragged by it'.

lik en and (Danish) - like a duck

bump - to strike solidly, to come with a bump or violent jolt against + slump - to throw down heavily, to slam.

alto là! (it) - halt there!, who goes there? (military)

Marsch (ger) - march

gué (fr) - ford + O.K.

kjæmper (Norwegian) - giants + kæmpedamper (Danish) - giant steamship.

dæmper (Norwegian) - damper, moderator + FSTD: [Kaemper Daemper to Jitty de Waarfft,]

mons - the Latin word for 'mount', 'mountain', used in certain phrases + man

ribben (Norwegian) - rib-bone + rebenok (Russian) - child + unuk (Serbian) - grandson.

grand + grunde (Norwegian) - to muse, to ponder + 'Grand Old Man' (Gladstone).

mand (Norwegian) - man

haard (Norwegian) - hard

Le Petit Tondu (French) - 'Little Shaved/Mowed One' (Napoleon's nickname)

fix - a bribe; bribery; an illicit arrangement + FSTD: he him that grand old man to be that haard of hearing and her the petty tondur with the fix in her changeable eye.

Bluebeard - a monstrous villain who marries seven women; he kills the first six for disobedience.

ledig (Norwegian) - vacant + S.I. Hsiung: Lady Precious Stream (a play) + FSTD: Me lord, me lad, he goes with blowbierd.

lordship - the personality of a lord, esp. with possessive pronouns; 'your lordship': a form of address to noblemen

landschap (Dutch) - scenery + (ship converted to shop, i.e. domestication).

tragic + theogamia (gr) - marriage of gods.

incidence - incident (obs.)

happy go lucky - as luck will have it, haphazard; Of persons or their actions: Taking things as they happen to come; easy-going + hoppy - characterized by, or predisposed to, hopping; lively, full of movement.

collude - to act in secret concert with, chiefly in order to trick or baffle some third person or party; to conspire, plot + collided (i.e. as ships).

let the cat out of the bag - to make known something that was a secret esp. to make it known accidentally and at a wrong time


funeral games + G.A.A.: Gaelic Athletic Association (games in Phoenix Park).

Fenian - one of an organization or 'brotherhood' formed among the Irish in the United States of America for promoting and assisting revolutionary movements, and for the overthrow of the English government in Ireland.

whome = home (obs.) + whom

forecast - to estimate, conjecture, or imagine beforehand (the course of events or future condition of things)

pier - one of the supports of the spans of a bridge, whether arched or otherwise formed

inver - the mouth of a river + inbhear (inver) (gael) - estuary, harbor + Inbhear Life (inver lifi) (gael) - "Liffey Estuary": Dublin bay.

mating - that mates; pairing + FSTD: Then was a little incident that hoppy go lumpy Junuary morn, at Inverliffy [(matingpoint of the engagement)]  

pontoon - a floating structure (as a flat-bottomed boat) that serves as a dock or to support a bridge + Pontine Marshes + point.

symbolizing + Sinnbild (ger) - symbol, emblem + Sinn (ger) - sense + Bild (ger) - picture, image + synd (Norwegian) - sin + sinn (Norwegian) - mind + bilde (Norwegian) -picture, image.

grater - utensil with sharp perforations for shredding foods (as vegetables or cheese)

eke - also, too, moreover; in addition + ikke sandt (Danish) - isn't that true?

ysend = ysent - ME. pa. pple. of send (v.) + said.

Nile - the name of a river in North Africa + nihili (l) - of no value, worthless + FSTD: synnbildising greaters graters and things o nilly not all, here's my the first Cataraction!

cataract - literally "down-rushing", meaning "waterfall" or "floodgate". However, none of the Nile's six primary cataracts would be accurately described as waterfalls. In ancient times, Upper Egypt extended from south of the Nile Delta to the first cataract, while further upstream, the land was controlled by the ancient Kush civilization, that would later take over Egypt.

Assuan - city, Egypt, on the east bank of the Nile just below the First Cataract

dam + damn.

hairpins + Herman Melville: Moby Dick, ch. 36: 'the harpoons lie all twisted and wrenched in him... Moby Dick!'

calipers - an instrument consisting essentially of two curved hinged legs, used to measure thickness and distances + O felix culpa! (Exsultet).

pseudonym - a false or fictitious name, esp. one assumed by an author + sourd (fr) - deaf + FSTD: As if even she cared an assuan damn! about her harpoons sticking all out of him between vibrationist and rough & readyist the phenian and his psourdonome.

sheath - a case or covering into which a blade is thrust when not in use

zdravstvuj (Russian) - hello + zdravstvuyte gospodin (Russian) - how do you do, sir?

Paidin (pad'in) (gael) - diminutive of 'Padraig': Paddy + FSTD: Sdrats ye, Gus Paudheen! Kenny's thaw to ye, Dinny Oozle.

oozle - to undulate; to move slowly + "Conas ta tu indiu mo dhuine uasal fionn?" (Irish) - "How are you today, my fain gentleman?" The Ouzel, as Mr Hodgart says, was a Dublin ship, believed lost, and her insurance paid; in 1700 she sailed into Dublin (Blackpool), causing a nice how-do-you-do + Conas ta tu, a dhuine uasal (kunes ta tu a gini usil) (gael) - How are you, gentle person (O Hehir, Brendan / A Gaelic lexicon for Finnegans wake, and glossary for Joyce's other works).

cit - short for citizen + city

leak - to pass (out, away, forth) by a leak or leakage

asphalt - a composition made by mixing bitumen, pitch, and sand, or manufactured from natural bituminous limestones, used to pave streets and walks, to line cisterns, etc.

rure - fall, ruin


'Boots, boots, boots, boots' (song) + like old boots - vigorously, thoroughgoingly + FSTD: While the cit was leaking asphalt like a suburbiaurealis. In his rure was tucking to him like old booths, booths, booths, booths.

interruption - hindrance of the course or continuance of something; a break

check - an interruption in a course, a sudden stoppage or pause

slowback - laggard, sluggish; a sluggard + Czechoslovakia - Former country in eastern central Europe, which came into existence as an independent republic in 1918 after the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian empire at the end of World War I.

adverse - opposite in position + dvere (Czech) - door (Pronunciation: 'dverzhe').