curragh - marshy waste ground; spec. the proper name of the level stretch of open ground in Co. Kildare, famous for its racecourse and military camp.
Noord Amerikaans (Dutch) - North American
suid - pertaining to, an animal of, the family Suidæ or swine + Zuid Afrikaans (Dutch) = Suid Afrikaans (Afrikaans) - South African.
Afer (l) - Africa
tiara - a high ovate-cylindrical or dome-shaped diadem worn by the pope, surmounted by the orb and cross of sovereignty, and encircled with three crowns symbolic of triple dignity, and usually richly wrought with jewels + Tierra del Fuego - (Spanish for "Land of Fire") is an archipelago 73,753 km2(28,476 sq mi) off the southernmost tip of the South American mainland, across the Strait of Magellan. The southern point of the archipelago forms Cape Horn.
amber - of a clear yellowish brown; a yellowish translucent fossil resin, found chiefly along the southern shores of the Baltic. It is used for ornaments.
necklace - an ornament of precious stones or precious metal, beads, etc. worn round the neck.
harness - ware, gear; the defensive or body armour of a man-at-arms or foot-soldier; the trappings or accoutrements of a horse.
leathern - consisting or made of leather
jib - Naut. A triangular stay-sail stretching from the outer end of the jib-boom to the fore-topmast head in large ships, and from the bowsprit to the mast-head in smaller craft.
schein (ger) - appearance; shine
hairshirt - a shirt made of coarse animal hair worn next to the skin as a penance + Bédier: Le Roman de Tristan et Iseut 189 ('Dinas de Lidan'): 'Iseut la Blonde revêtit un cilice' (French 'Iseut the Blonde donned a hair-shirt').
The Catholic Encyclopedia 'Pelagius and Pelagianism': (of Pelagius) 'While the most trustworthy witnesses... are quite explicit in assigning Britain as his native country, as is apparent from his cognomen of Brito or Britannicus, Jerome (Præf. in Jerem., lib. I and III) ridicules him as a "Scot" [(notebook 1924): 'Pelagius (Scotobrit)'].
sash - a scarf, often with fringe at each end, worn by men, either over one shoulder or round the waist.
paraplegia - paralysis of the lower limbs and a part or the whole of the trunk, resulting from an affection of some part of the spinal cord + parapelagios (gr) - along the sea (Armorica).
galloglass - one of a particular class of soldiers or retainers formerly maintained by Irish chiefs + gallowglass (Irish) - a heavily-armed mercenary foot-soldier, usually Scottish or Norse, in the service of an Irish chieftain (from: gall (Irish) - foreigner, and óglach (Irish) - warrior) [(notebook 1924): 'Gallowglasses -sbirds foreign soldiers' (dash dittoes 'Gallow'; a line joins first word and last two words)].
elevato - elevated in tone (direction in music) + elevato (it) - elevated.
college - a society of scholars incorporated within, or in connexion with, a University, or otherwise formed for purposes of study or instruction.
bellied - big-bellied, corpulent; fig. inflated
boneless - without bones; fig. Wanting 'backbone'; without 'stamina'
STRATHCLYDE - Kingdom ("Clyde Valley"), South-West Scotland. It was plundered by (among others) Ivan the Boneless, the Viking (d 873).
Aylesbury - the name of a town and vale in Buckinghamshire
ANGLESEA - Road, South-East Dublin, between Ballsbridge (Northumberland Road) and Donnybrook (intersects Ailesbury Road) + ANGLESEY - County, North-West Wales; site of Holyhead, terminus of main Britain-Ireland rail-sea route; Edwin, King of Northumberland, briefly annexed Amglesey and Isle of Man, in early 7th cent. Among the many Viking raiders in the 9th and 10th centuries was Sweyn Forkbeard (d 1014).
joghovourt (Armenian) - people
sweepstaking - gambling in the way of sweepstakes
horsepower - the power or agency of a horse or horses as employed in driving machinery.
Hayasdan (Armenian) - Armenia
vulcanology - the science or scientific study of volcanoes + wolk (Dutch) - cloud.
seaborn - born in or of the sea
existence + exaestuans (l) - boiling up + aestuarium (l) - estuary.
Pluto - Greek god of the underworld + plutor (l) - the rainer, he who sends rain + explutor (l) - the outrainer, he who send rain out + *E*, *VYC*, *IJ*.
ANDES MOUNTAINS - The great mountain system of South America. Andesite is a type of lava first investigated in the Andes by C P Buch.
Pantelleria - an island between Sicily and Tunis
ministerium - the body of ordained ministers of the Lutheran church in any district, charged with the ruling of the congregation and the selection of candidates for clerical preferment + monasterium (l) - a monastery.
patrician - a person of noble birth or rank; a nobleman, aristocrat; Opp. to plebeian; a member of a heretical sect which arose in the fourth century, and held that the substance of the flesh was the work of the devil, not of God.
right enough - indeed, certainly
mammon - the Aramaic word for 'riches' + Thomas Moore, song: War Song: Remember the Glories of Brien the Brave: 'Mononia! when Nature embellish'd the tint Of thy fields' + Joyce's note: 'Momonian' → Momonian - "of Munster" in pseudo Latin. The reference here is to Mark Lyons, who is Munster (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).
Thomas Moore, song: The Prince's Day: 'Tho' dark are our sorrows'
Margaret and Sweet William - lovers in an old English ballad ("Fair Margaret and Sweet William")
Swede - a native of Sweden
villam (Hungarian) - lightning
Lally Tompkins (*S*) [067.11] [096.19]
black print - Photogr. A print giving black lines on a white ground + antonymically inverting the sense of "photography" (Gr. photographia, "light-writing"), Joyce's sleep-descriptive "scotography" (Gr. skotos, "darkness") makes for a kind of "darkness-writing" whose developed product, the inversion of a well-articulated positive print, is a "partly obliterated negative" that captures the "Real Absence" of an extremely "Black Prince" who lies "reduced to nothing" in the "noughttime" (499.3) and so can only be captured in "black prints". (John Bishop: Joyce's Book of the Dark).
extinct - extinction (the action of blotting (a living being, a soul) out of existence; destruction, annihilation).
wreak - pain or punishment inflicted in return for an injury, wrong, offence, etc. + wreck
NORMAN'S WOE - A reef on Cape Ann, Massachusets, US. Scene of legendary wreck of the "Hesperus." "Like a sheeted ghost, the vessel swept/Towards the reef of Norman's Woe" (Longfellow, The Wreck of the Hesperus).
landing - the action of coming to land or putting ashore
casemate - Fortif. A vaulted chamber built in the thickness of the ramparts of a fortress; Naut. An armoured enclosure for guns in a warship + Caesar + Disastrous landing of Sir Roger Casement in Tralee Bay immediately prior to the Easter Rising.
whate - fortune, destiny, fate, luck + THE WHITE SHIP - The ship carrying Henry I's son William from Normandy to England, which sank (25 Nov 1120), drowning William and precipitating a contest for the crown.
Pharaoh - the generic appellation of the ancient Egyptian kings
pedestrian - one who goes or travels on foot
merkin - the female pudendum + The youngest sister Ellen Mary (Flynn family) married a Matthew Callanan, sometime secretary of the Irish Farmers Club in Upper Sackville Streeet + merken (ger) - notice.
official - one who is invested with an office of a public nature, or has duties in connexion with some public institution.
the Castle - in reference to Ireland, means specifically Dublin Castle, as the seat of the vice-regal court and administration; hence, in politics, the authority centred at Dublin Castle, the officials who administer the government of Ireland. Poor Martin Cunningham, of "Ulysses" and "Grace," held a respectable job in the Castle, drowned swimming off Dún Laoghaire on 10 July 1904.
suir - obs. form of sure
mourning paper - note-paper with a black edge + note-paper - paper of the various sizes and qualities now generally used for correspondence.
Saman - a sacred text or verse forming the third of the four kinds of Vedas; the name of the Veda thus formed; first native dynasty of Persia + Samhain (soun) (gael) - winter feast of the dead; November; All-hallows + samhan (sawan) (gael) - doze, swoon + Samen (ger) - seed + saman (Malay) - legal summons.
azurine - blue, azure
deep - the deep part of the sea
sweep - to pass over the surface of (something) in the manner of a broom or brush; to move over and in contact with.
widdy - dial. or vulgar var. widow [Martin Cunningham's wife is associated with drunkenness and widowhood (Ulysses.15.3855: 'umbrella sways drunkenly... Under the umbrella appears Mrs Cunningham in merry widow hat'; Dubliners: 'Grace': 'Mr Cunningham... had married... an incurable drunkard')].
giddy - having a confused sensation of swimming or whirling in the head, with proneness to fall; affected with vertigo, dizzy.
wreath - something wound, wreathed, or coiled into a circular shape or form + writing
tribute + triput (l) - solemn religious dance
grocery - the trade of a grocer + the grocery - sugar.
monthly - a literary periodical magazine or review published once in each month.
mand (Danish) - man
reincorporate - to incorporate again