conk - the nose; the head + cock + kong (Danish) - king (in royal titles).

croon - to utter a low murmuring sound; to sing (or speak) in a low murmuring tone.

young + proverb As the old cock crows, the young one learns.

exeunt - a stage direction signifying that at this point two or more actors leave the stage.

doras (durus) (gael) - door + Hamlet kills Polonius by sword thrust through the arras + arras - a curtain or wall-hanging which appears to have been used on the Elizabethan stage.

Mark of Cornwall + Kram (ger) - rubbish + cram (Slang) - to coit (with a woman).

gink - a fellow, a man + king + gink (Irish) - a small nose (from Irish geannc: a snub nose) + gink (Turkish) - young male prostitute (vulgar).

kirk - to bring, take, or conduct to church, in order to receive its rites or ministrations + into Kirk yard

jord (Danish) - earth

enteres - entrance + enters


nephew + weh (ger) - woe.

tactful + Luft (ger) - air.


escapade - an act of escaping from confinement or restraint; fig. A breaking loose from restraint or rules.

nightshirt - a shirt or loose garment worn by boys or men when in bed + nat (Danish) - night + Tristan + This links Tristan with Parnell (Shaun) since the Irish leader is reputed by a scrap of apocrypha to have escaped down a fire escape in his nightshirt when almost apprehended in a Tristan situation with his Isolde, Kitty O'Shea (Benstock, Bernard / Joyce-again's wake : an analysis of Finnegans wake).

tumble - to fall; esp. to fall in a helpless way, as from stumbling or violence.

Mild unde leise ("gentle and soft") - beginning of the Liebestod in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde.

loose - Of persons, their habits, writings, etc.: Free from moral restraint; lax in principle, conduct, or speech; chiefly in narrower sense, unchaste, wanton, dissolute, immoral.

neese = nose + niece

behend (ger) - nimble

gent - gentleman

deem - to form the opinion, to be of opinion; to judge, conclude, think, consider, hold.

mulct - a fine imposed for an offence; a penalty of any kind + much

pervenche (fr) - periwinkle

elsker (Danish) - lover

woed - obs. form of wood

fin (fr) - end

parable - any saying or narration in which something is expressed in terms of something else; an allegory.

Royal Divorce

Josephine and Marie Louise - Napoleon's wives. They are the subject of am unpublished play, A Royal Divorce, by W. G. Wills. 

nippy (Slang) - penis + nippy (Slang) - a Lyons' tea-shop girl.

fine - end + fing (ger) - caught; started.


Flemish - of or belonging to Flanders or its inhabitants; The landing of the Normans at Baginbun in 1169 is described in the Irish annals as "The fleet of the Flemings came to Erin". Flemish crossbowmen in the invading army were the first the Irish had ever seem.  

universal flood - the great deluge recorded in the book of Genesis as occurring in the time of Noah.

Anabaptist - one who baptizes over again, whether frequently as a point of ritual, or once as a due performance of what has been ineffectually performed previously.

lacustrian - an inhabitant of a lacustrine dwelling (dwellings built on piles in lakes in prehistoric Europe (esp. Ireland)).

toll - the act of tolling a bell, or the sound made by a bell when tolled; (with pl.) a single stroke made in tolling or ringing a bell, or the sound made by such stroke + toll (ger) - mad, extreme.

parents + (notebook 1923): 'marents' ('m' replaces a cancelled 'p').

Napoleon + (notebook 1923): 'Lapoleon' + Wellington's favorite horse, Copenhagen, was a chestnut, but Napoleon's (at Waterloo), Marengo, was white. 

equestrian - one who rides on horseback

The white horse was the emblem of the House of Hanover. Under George I and George II, many British inns changed their signs from "Royal Oak" (etc) to "White Horse."  

Frankish - of or pertaining to the ancient Franks

vloot (Dutch) - fleet, navy

freebooter - one who goes about in search of plunder; esp. a pirate or piratical adventurer.

disembark - to go on shore from a ship

et le voilà (fr) - and here he is

'alevilla: moth' (Joyce's note)

terrestrial - of or pertaining to this world, or to earth as opposed to heaven; earthly, worldly, mundane.

single combat - an encounter or fight between two armed persons, a duel + Joyce's note: 'in single combat'.

bludder - Perhaps = To blunder; perh. To talk stuff + bladeren (Dutch) - leaves.

boom - a loud, deep sound with much resonance or humming effect, as of a distant cannon, a large bell, etc.: also the usual word for the cry of the bittern + boom (Dutch) - tree.

gallowsbird - one who deserves to be hanged. Also occas., one who has been hanged + (notebook 1924): 'Gallowglasses -sbirds foreign soldiers' (dash dittoes 'Gallow'; a line joins first word and last two words).

sylvestrious - belonging to or found in woods; sylvan, rustic + silvestris (l) - wooded + Silvester (ger) - New Year's.

neer = near (obs.) + neer (Dutch) - down.

QUEEN'S COLLEGES - The Queen's Colleges in Cork, Galway, and Belfast were founded by the British government in 1845. None was or is on "Brian or Bride Street."  

BRIDE STREET - Bride Street and New Bride Street run North-South, West of Stephen's Green. There is no Queen's College there, or anywhere in Dublin, but the City of Dublin College of Technology has been in Lower Kevin Street around the corner from Bride Street, since the 19th cent.  

centry = sentry - an armed soldier or marine posted at a specified point to keep guard and to prevent the passing of an unauthorized person.

gloriae panis quo est (l) - where is the bread of glory? + p'ark' (Armenian) - glory.

nursery rhyme Old Mother Hubbard

anarchy - a theoretical social state in which there is no governing person or body of persons, but each individual has absolute liberty (without implication of disorder) + anarchia (gr) - lack of leader, lawlessness + nakhakah (Armenian) - chairman, president.

doxology - a short formula of praise to God, esp. one in liturgical use + doxarchologia (gr) - the science or art of being a leader of opinion + doxa (gr) - opinion + arkos (gr) - guide, leader.

phrase Hello America (made famous by the wireless, as mentioned in 'Irish Times' 12 Feb 1924) [(notebook 1924): 'Hello America!'].

picture postcard - a postcard having on the back a picture (esp. a view) printed, photographed, or otherwise produced; also fig., a scene, etc., reminiscent of or suitable for a picture postcard.

Saxo Grammaticus (1150-1220) - The Learned Saxon: Danish historian whose Gesta Danorum is an old source of the Hamlet story. 

latimer - an interpreter + Latimer, Hugh (1490-1555) - English bishop, burned at the stake by Bloody Mary + Joyce's note: 'Latimer'.  

vicereine - the wife of a viceroy

Lacy, Hugh de (d.1242) - first earl of Ulster, earliest Anglo-Norman peer of Ireland, "the first Viceroy." 

gearrach (gyarohk) (gael) - shortcut + Gerausch (ger) - noise + Knall (ger) - shot, report.

regnum (l) - kingship, royalty; dominion, rule; a kingdom + Ragnarøkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods.

roundup - a meeting or social gathering of acquaintances or friends

oceanful - as much as an ocean contains, an immense quantity.

collegian - a member or inmate of a college + TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN (TCD) - Founded in 1592, on royal warrant from Elizabeth I. Its extensive grounds front on College Green, looking down Dame Street. 

Trinitarian - belonging to Trinity College (in Cambridge, Oxford, or Dublin); belonging to the order of the Holy Trinity.

senate - In the University of Cambridge, and in some other British universities, the official title of the governing body.