conk - the nose; the head + cock + kong (Danish) - king (in royal titles).

croon - to utter a low murmuring sound; to sing (or speak) in a low murmuring tone + As the old cock crows, the young one learns (proverb).

exeunt - a stage direction signifying that at this point two or more actors leave the stage

doras (durus) (gael) - door + Hamlet kills Polonius by sword thrust through the arras (a curtain or wall-hanging which appears to have been used on the Elizabethan stage).

Kram (ger) - rubbish + cram (Slang) - to coit (with a woman) + Mark of Cornwall.

gink - a fellow, a man + king + gink (Irish) - a small nose (from Irish geannc: a snub nose) + gink (Turkish) - young male prostitute (vulgar).

kirk - to bring, take, or conduct to church, in order to receive its rites or ministrations + kicked into yard + Kierkegaard.

jord (Danish) - earth

enteres - entrance + enters


nephew (Tristan was legally Isolde's nephew) + weh (ger) - woe.

tactful lover + Luft (ger) - air.

escapade - an act of escaping from confinement or restraint; fig. A breaking loose from restraint or rules.

nightshirt - a shirt or loose garment worn by boys or men when in bed + nat (Danish) - night + Tristan + "This links Tristan with Parnell (Shaun) since the Irish leader is reputed by a scrap of apocrypha to have escaped down a fire escape in his nightshirt when almost apprehended in a Tristan situation with his Isolde, Kitty O'Shea" (Benstock, Bernard / Joyce-again's wake: an analysis of Finnegans wake).


tumble - to fall; esp. to fall in a helpless way, as from stumbling or violence

Mild unde leise ("gentle and soft") - beginning of the Liebestod in Wagner's Tristan und Isolde + (Isolde, as Mark's wife, was technically Tristan's aunt).

loose - Of persons, their habits, writings, etc.: Free from moral restraint; lax in principle, conduct, or speech; chiefly in narrower sense, unchaste, wanton, immoral.

neese = nose + niece + knees.

behend (ger) - nimble

gent - gentleman

deem - to form the opinion, to be of opinion + seem

mulct - a fine imposed for an offence; a penalty of any kind + so much per wench.

pervenche (fr) - periwinkle

elsker (Danish) - lover + Selskar and Periwinkle → "in and out of their serial story, Les Loves of Selskar et Pervenche, freely adapted to The Novvergin's Viv." [028.26-.27]; "Pervinca calling, Soloscar hears." [580.17-.18]

woed - obs. form of wood

fin (fr) - end

parable - any saying or narration in which something is expressed in terms of something else; an allegory + new cast of old play.

Royal Divorce

Josephine and Marie Louise - Napoleon's wives. They are the subject of am unpublished play, A Royal Divorce, by W. G. Wills + Jazz, saxophone. 

nippy (Slang) - penis + nippy (Slang) - a Lyons' tea-shop girl.

fine - end + fing (ger) - caught; started + R. Ord and W. Gayer-Mackay: Paddy-the-Next-Best-Thing (play, 1920).

sobs + save us.

{Marcus Lyons - rambling reminiscences}

Flemish - of or belonging to Flanders or its inhabitants; The landing of the Normans at Baginbun in 1169 is described in the Annals of the Four Masters as "The fleet of the Flemings came to Erin". Flemish crossbowmen in the invading army were the first the Irish had ever seem + scattering of Spanish Armada by a storm off West Ireland.

universal flood - the great deluge recorded in the book of Genesis as occurring in the time of Noah

alevin - a young fish or fry (especially salmon) + 11:32.


Anabaptist - one who baptizes over again, whether frequently as a point of ritual, or once as a due performance of what has been ineffectually performed previously + Anabaptists - sect which arose in Germany, 1521 (believed in adult baptism only).

lacustrian - an inhabitant of a lacustrine dwelling (dwellings built on piles in lakes in prehistoric Europe, esp. Ireland) → Saint Kevin established monastic settlement at Glendalough.

toll - the act of tolling a bell, or the sound made by a bell when tolled; (with pl.) a single stroke made in tolling or ringing a bell, or the sound made by such stroke + toll (ger) - mad, extreme + Laurence O'Toole, patron of Dublin, contemporary of Thomas ą Becket.

Marquis of Powerscourt erected Powerscourt House in South William Street, Dublin → "Merquus of Pawerschoof, the old determined despot" [386.18] + "statue of Mrs Dana O'Connell, prostituent behind the Trinity" [386.22] + Jack Power.

parents + (notebook 1923): 'marents' ('m' replaces a cancelled 'p') + our first parents (Adam and Eve).

Napoleon + (notebook 1923): 'Lapoleon' + Wellington's favorite horse, Copenhagen, was a chestnut, but Napoleon's (at Waterloo), Marengo, was white. 

equestrian - one who rides on horseback + MMLJ: and then there was the Flemish Armada all scattered and all drowned off the coast of Cunningham and Saint Patrick & St Kevin [& Lapoleon] our first marents

The white horse was the emblem of the House of Hanover. Under George I and George II, many British inns changed their signs from "Royal Oak" (etc) to "White Horse."


Copenhagen (Wellington's horse)

Frankish - of or pertaining to the ancient Franks

vloot (Dutch) - fleet, navy

Sea Battle of Helgoland, 1914 + hidalgo - one of lower Spanish nobility.

freebooter - one who goes about in search of plunder; esp. a pirate or piratical adventurer

disembark - to go on shore from a ship

Bonaparte + boche - pejorative for German + MMLJ: and all they remembered remembored and then there was the French fleet in 1132 landing under general Boche in his grey tall shovel hat

nee - Used to indicate the maiden or family name of a married woman + Noo Poopery! (Ulster Pronunciation) - No Popery! (Ulster slogan).

et le voilą (fr) - and here he is

alevilla: moth (Joyce's note)

terrestrial - of or pertaining to this world, or to earth as opposed to heaven; earthly, worldly, mundane

Narcissus + Hail Caesar! + Joyce's note: 'T reads his nails'.

single combat - an encounter or fight between two armed persons, a duel + Joyce's note: 'in single combat' → Metchnikoff: La Civilisation et les Grands Fleuves Historiques 1: ''Devotion, even virtue... in the annals of mankind, take on forms that are absurd... or repulsive - Manlius decapitating his son who, without prior authorisation, has defeated an enemy in single combat'.

bludder - Perhaps: To blunder; perh. To talk stuff + bladeren (Dutch) - leaves.

boom - a loud, deep sound with much resonance or humming effect, as of a distant cannon, a large bell, etc.: also the usual word for the cry of the bittern + boom (Dutch) - tree.

gallowsbird - one who deserves to be hanged. Also occas., one who has been hanged + (notebook 1924): 'Gallowglasses -sbirds foreign soldiers' (dash dittoes 'Gallow'; a line joins first word and last two words).

sylvestrious - belonging to or found in woods; sylvan, rustic + silvestris (l) - wooded + Silvester (ger) - New Year's.

neer = near (obs.) + neer (Dutch) - down.

QUEEN'S COLLEGES - The Queen's Colleges in Cork, Galway, and Belfast were founded by the British government in 1845. None was or is on "Brian or Bride Street."  

BRIDE STREET - Bride Street and New Bride Street run North-South, West of Stephen's Green. There is no Queen's College there, or anywhere in Dublin, but the City of Dublin College of Technology has been in Lower Kevin Street around the corner from Bride Street, since the 19th cent.  

centry = sentry - an armed soldier or marine posted at a specified point to keep guard and to prevent the passing of an unauthorized person + MMLJ: and there he was cuddling and poguing her in Arranapogue Arrahnapogue behind the queen's colleges behind the man century on the door in alice's street.

gloriae panis quo est (l) - where is the bread of glory? + p'ark' (Armenian) - glory.

Old Mother Hubbard (nursery rhyme)

anarchy - a theoretical social state in which there is no governing person or body of persons, but each individual has absolute liberty (without implication of disorder) + anarchia (gr) - lack of leader, lawlessness + nakhakah (Armenian) - chairman, president.

doxology - a short formula of praise to God, esp. one in liturgical use + doxarchologia (gr) - the science or art of being a leader of opinion + doxa (gr) - opinion + arkos (gr) - guide, leader.

Hello America! (notebook 1924) (phrase made famous by the wireless, as mentioned in 'Irish Times' 12 Feb 1924).

picture postcard - a postcard having on the back a picture (esp. a view) printed, photographed, or otherwise produced; also fig., a scene, etc., reminiscent of or suitable for a picture postcard + MMLJ: And then they used to give the grandest lectures by the picture postcard [under the sycamores] in Roman history

Saxo Grammaticus (1150-1220) - The Learned Saxon: Danish historian whose Gesta Danorum is an old source of the Hamlet story. 

latimer - an interpreter + Latimer, Hugh (1490-1555) - English bishop, burned at the stake by Bloody Mary + Joyce's note: 'Latimer'.  

vicereine - the wife of a viceroy

Lacy, Hugh de (d.1242) - first earl of Ulster, earliest Anglo-Norman peer of Ireland, "the first Viceroy" + Lord-Lieutenant.

Rajah - a prince or king in India + How Buckley shot the Russian General. 

gearrach (gyarohk) (gael) - shortcut + Gerausch (ger) - noise + Knall (ger) - shot, report.

regnum (l) - kingship, royalty; dominion, rule; a kingdom + Ragnarųkr (Old Norse) - destruction of the Norse gods.

roundup - a meeting or social gathering of acquaintances or friends

oceanful - as much as an ocean contains, an immense quantity.

collegian - a member or inmate of a college + TRINITY COLLEGE, DUBLIN (TCD) - Founded in 1592, on royal warrant from Elizabeth I. Its extensive grounds front on College Green, looking down Dame Street. 

Trinitarian - belonging to Trinity College (in Cambridge, Oxford, or Dublin); belonging to the order of the Holy Trinity

senate - In the University of Cambridge, and in some other British universities, the official title of the governing body.