newsletter - a letter specially written to communicate the news of the day, common in the later part of the 17th and beginning of the 18th century; also, a printed account of the news (sometimes with a blank space left for private additions). Also, a periodical sent or handed out to subscribers, members of an organization, etc.

Massacre of St. Bartholomew - the massacre of the Huguenots of France on the 24th of August 1572 + The Encyclopśdia Britannica vol. I, '∆thelred II', 290d: (of the orders of ∆thelred II, the Unready) 'Orders were issued commanding the slaughter on St Brice's day (2 December) of "all the Danish men who were in England"' (but Saint Brice's day is actually 13 November).

bugger - damn

turmoil - a state of agitation or commotion; disturbance, tumult + churn - to agitate milk or cream in a churn so as to make butter; to agitate, stir, and intermix any liquid.

*S* + "LILY, the caretaker's daughter, was literally run off her feet." (The Dead) → "The house [at 15 Ushers Island, where sisters advertised their music classes under the style of the Misses Flynn] belonged to Roe's distillers, and the ground floor was leased out as office to a corn merchant and his son named Smith. There was a caretaker in the basement, named Tallon, whose daughter Elizabeth (born about 1880) stayed with Flynns into the new century, and she is the model for the maid Lily of 'The Dead'." (From Biography by Peter Costello).

ballet master - one who arranges and directs the dancing of the ballet + ballast master.

goster - to behave in a noisy, boisterous, or swaggering fashion + goster (Anglo-Irish) - conversation (from Irish: gasrŠn) + Goatstown - district of Dublin + Booterstown - district of Dublin.

old fellow - In addressing or speaking of persons with whom one has an acquaintance of some standing, or whom one treats as such.

Lagener - anagram of General + (notebook 1924): 'Lagener' + Lagan (logan) (gael) - dim. of Lag, "hollow"; N.E. river; anglic. Lagan + Lagen (ger) - situations, positions + Lagenia (l) - Leinster.

Loch Lein (lokhlen) (gael) - Lean's (masc. personal name of anc. artificer: "Loin") Lake; chief lake at Killarney; anglic. Lough Leane + Lochlainn (lokhlin) (gael) - Scandinavia, Norway.

ear - to plough, till (the ground)

wick - a loosely woven cord (in a candle or oil lamp) that draws fuel by capillary action up into the flame + (wick of lighthouse lamp) + Earwicker.

pierce - the act or process of piercing + piece

railing - a fence or barrier made of rails, or in some other fashion + Persse O'Reilly.

liggende (Danish) - lying


dander - ruffled or angry temper; in phr. with one's dander up + (lighthouse closed).

oldtime - of, belonging to, or characteristic of the ancient or olden time

turner - one who turns or fashions objects of wood, metal, bone, etc., on a lathe + tuner - one who tunes a musical instrument; spec. whose occupation is to tune pianos or organs.

Dublin public houses in Joyce's day closed at 10 p.m. on Saturday nights, while the normal closing time for Monday-Friday was 11 p.m. + Saturday early closing.

Cronus - dethroned, castrated, killed his father Uranus, and was dethroned, killed by his own son, Zeus, wielding the lightning. To the late Greeks, Cronus was a god of harvests and of time. The Romans identified him with Saturn + kronios (gr) - old man.

skelly - to squint + Kelly with the Leather Belly (song).

bald - without hair (feathers, etc.) on other parts of the body than the head; bare or destitute of ornament and grace, unadorned, meagrely simple

bohereen - a lane, a narrow road

artichoke - a composite plant (Cynara Scolymus), allied to the thistles, originally from Barbary and the south of Europe, widely cultivated in kitchen-gardens + ARTICHOKE ROAD - The old road to Merrion.

moel (Welsh) - bald; hill

Magh-mullaigh (mamuli) (gael) - Plain of the hillock + 'the Mad Mullah' - Mohammed bin Abdullah, Somali rebel, early 20th century.

O'Maoil Charthaigh (o'mwel kharhi) (gael) - descendant of Maol Charthach ("servant of Carthach ['loving']")

ORAN - Port City, Algeria. The Grand Mosque was erected in 18th century with money paid as ransom for Christian slaves.  

mosque - a Muslim temple or place of worship + "Man in the Iron Mask" - Louis XIV's mysterious political prisoner. Also, a novel by Alexandre Dumas.

Duignan - Dublin gun merchant + Peregrine O'Duignan - co-author of Annals of the Four Masters.

confarreation - the highest and most solemn form of marriage among the ancient Romans, made in the presence of the Pontifex Maximus or the Flamen Dialis and ten witnesses, and marked by the offering of a cake made of spelt + Joyce's note: 'confarreation' The Encyclopśdia Britannica vol. XXIII, 'Roman Law', 530d: (of solemn ancient Roman marriage) 'The ceremony was a religious one, conducted by the chief pontiff and the flamen of Jupiter, in presence of ten witenesses... and was known as farreum or confarreatio'.

cabbage + Coppinger's Register - chartulary of Saint Thomas's Abbey, Dublin (Motif: Archdeacon J.F.X.P. Coppinger).


'Tim Tom Tracy (whiskey Tracy)' (notebook 1923) + MMLJ: And that reminds me of Poor Tim Tom Tarpey & Lapoule and the four shehusbands widowers the four waves in their tall shovel hat in Chichester College and thank God they were all summarily divorced by their dear poor shehusbands in the dear bygone days but still they parted on the best of terms. And so they parted. Ay, ay.

Welshman - a native of Wales

Dr Wangel - old man married to younger woman in Henrik Ibsen's "The Lady from the Sea" + North, South, East and West (4 cardinal points).

lumbago - backache affecting the lumbar region or lower back + Lambeg drums in Ulster Protestant marches + The Lambeth Walk (song).

conche (fr) - creek, cove

they knew Greek / used Gr words in / their Latin wrote / verses in Greek / (Scotus Erigena) (notebook 1923) Ireland: Its Saints and Scholars 91-2: They had, as M. d'Arbois de Jubainville has shown, a good knowledge of Greek, [...] It was considered good taste amongst the Irish scholars and the other learned men of this period to scatter Greek words through the Latin text which they composed, and this practice points to a certain acquaintance with the language. John Scotus Erigena went even further than this, and wrote verses entirely in Greek. (MS Cornell-4, PrRMA: in their half a Roman hat ^+with an ancient Greek gloss on it+^ | JJA 56:102 | Mar 1924 | )

gloss (notebook 1924) (on a notebook page with several entries from Edward Gibbon's "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire", noted for his numerous footnote glosses).

summarily - without (unnecessary) formality or delay, without hesitation + (Joyce's note): 'summarily dealt with'.

byword - a proverb, proverbial saying + bygone days.

rainwater - water that falls from the clouds as rain

Water Parted from the Sea (song)

Jupiter Pluvius - Jupiter as the dispenser of rain; hence used trivially in reference to a fall or storm of rain

terpay (Armenian) - impersonal verbal form (a grammatical category) + temporary.

whilk = which

foretold - predicted

West Indes (Cromwell deported many Irish there)

Ballymacarret - an industrial district on Belfast Lough, which, with MacArt's Fort on Cave Hill, North-West of Belfast, is named for Brian MacArt O'Neill, slain 1601 by Lord Deputy Mountjoy. 

fall in with - to come upon by chance, meet with

lout - an awkward ill-mannered fellow; a bumpkin, clown

Peebles - county in Scotland + "Peebles in the Play" is an ancient ballad which Percy didn't include in his Reliques because it was too obsolete. Peebles is a place in Scotland. A note in Buffalo Workbook #10 suggests it may have to do with Sligo. 

Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 359: 'So that hence was said this' (introducing a poem describing Finn's obtaining of Almu). 

latterly - of late, lately + latte (it) - milk.

Dollymount - district of Dublin + Dalkey + Document no. 2 - De Valera's proposed alternative to the Irish Treaty.

Ivel river, England

Connacht + The "Holy Maid of Kent" was the 16th-century Elizabeth Barton, who resisted the Reformation, prophesied the doom of Henry VIII, and was hanged for her pains in 1534. 

Ahriman - Zoroastrian principle of evil

The Coombe - street and area west of Saint Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin

position + humble petition.


squash - to squeeze, press; to suppress or put down + lemon squash.

decree - a judicial decision + decree nisi - the order made by the court for divorce, which remains conditional for at least six months, after which, unless cause to the contrary is shown, it is made absolute + Ulysses.16.1491: 'nisi was made absolute' (Parnell divorce case).

{Lucas Tarpey - rambling reminiscences}

Carpery, King (pron. karbri) - several legendary Irish kings

kingship - the dominion or territory of a king + Cross & Slover: Ancient Irish Tales 357: 'When Cathar Mor... was in the kingship of Tara'.

Poland + (Ireland).

dowager - a woman whose husband is dead and who is in the enjoyment of some title or some property that has come to her from him; familiarly: An elderly lady of dignified demeanour.

voorzitter (Dutch) - chairman

fullbottom - a full-bottomed wig + fullbottomed - Of a wig: Having a full or large bottom + Joyce's note: 'fullbottom wig'.