signs on (Anglo-Irish) - therefore, consequently, as a result

loaf - bread (obs. exc. dial.)

Andrew Martin (Irish) - prank, trick, shenanigan

take breath - to breathe freely, to recover free breathing, as by pausing after exertion; Also fig.

still and all - nevertheless, even so; after all (colloq.)

dynast - a ruler, lord, chief, potentate, esp. a hereditary ruler

konning = cunning (obs.) + koning (Dutch) - king.

Sitric Silkenbeard led the Danes to an ignominious defeat at the battle of Clontarf in 1014 + soter (gr) - savior.

Burgermeister (ger) - mayor

Bartholomew Vanhomrigh - Vanessa's father, Lord Mayor of Dublin in 1697. According to the Dublin Annals, he "obtained from William III a royal donative, a collar of SS in lieu of that lost in 1688." The SS collar is (was?) the mayor of Dublin's chain of office + Bart (ger) - beard. 

strike oil - lit. to reach the oil (petroleum) in sinking a shaft for it through the overlying strata; hence fig. (colloq.), to hit upon a source of rapid profit and affluence.

shake hands - (said of two persons mutually saluting thus)

Thomas Moore, song: When First I Met Thee [air: O Patrick! Fly from Me]

finnan haddie - a haddock cured with the smoke of green wood, turf, or peat earth. 

Mock Turtle - character in 'Aliceĺs Adventures in Wonderland'

potage (fr) - soup

Gries Suppe (ger) - semolina soup

bouillon (fr) - broth

boccata (it) - mouthful

water + vuota (it) - empty + vuota (Finnish) - to leak.

buzz - a groundless fancy, whim, 'fad'; epithet of a large bushy wig.

honour - (Usually in pl.) Something conferred or done as a token of respect or distinction; a mark or manifestation of high regard; esp. a position or title of rank, a degree of nobility, a dignity.

assisting grace (notebook 1924) The Semipelagians think, that an assisting Grace is necessary, but that the first turn of the will to God is the effect of a man's own choice (The Catholic Encyclopedia 'Pelagius and Pelagianism': 'In the East... as an offset to widespread fatalism, the moral power and freedom of the will were... strongly insisted on, assisting grace being spoken of more frequently than preventing grace').

shim - a piece of iron attached to an agricultural implement for scraping the surface of the soil.

Hosenband (ger) - belt, garter

sisters

Glastonbury - a town in Somersetshire, famed for its abbey

realy

mother-of-pearl button - button made of mother-of-pearl (a smooth iridescent substance forming the inner layer of some shells) + periwinkle - the English name of a gastropod mollusc of the genus Littorina, much used for food, having a dark-coloured turbinate shell.

lapper - one who laps, or takes up (liquid) with the tongue + later

anachronism - an error in computing time, or fixing dates; the erroneous reference of an event, circumstance, or custom to a wrong date; anything done or existing out of date + (notebook 1924): 'anachronists'.

deary - a little dear, a darling: a familiar term of amatory and conjugal endearment.

goldpowder - gold in the form of or reduced to powder

beautiful

mudhen - the moor-hen, Gallinula chloropus + maiden

republic (Joyce's note)

right enough - Now usu. in weakened senses, 'indeed', 'certainly'.

alum - a whitish transparent mineral salt, very astringent, used in dyeing, tawing skins, and medicine, also for sizing paper, and making materials fire-proof + malum (l) - apple + Adam

ovum (l) - egg + Eve

from under - from below

tape - a narrow woven strip of stout linen, cotton, silk, or other textile, used as a string for tying garments.

kookaburra - a large, arboreal, brown kingfisher, Dacelo novŠ-guineŠ, distinguished by its peculiar laughing cry + (notebook 1923): 'Kookaburra bell'.

loaf - the (human) head; hence, the mind, common sense

Sean-dun (shandun) (gael) - Old fort; townland, Co. Cork + Francis Sylvester Mahony ('Father Prout'): The Bells of Shandon (song).

lousy - dirty, filthy, obscene; mean, scurvy, sorry, vile, contemptible. 

lout - an awkward ill-mannered fellow; a bumpkin, clown

vdankauor (Armenian) - dangerous, noxious

knockknee - pl. Knees that knock together in walking from inward curvature of the legs + knockkneed - having the legs bent inwards so that the knees knock together in walking; fig. halting, feeble + Loch nEachach (lokh nakhokh) (gael) - Eachach's ("horse-rich") Lake; largest lake in Ireland: anglic. Lough Neagh.

fister - a blow with the fist + Thomas Moore, song: Let Erin Remember the Days of Old: 'On Lough Neagh's bank, as the fisherman strays, / When the clear cold eve's declining He / sees the round towers of other days / In the wave beneath him shining'.

YS (IS) - Legendary Breton city, which became a lost underwater city, like that of Atlantis or Lough Neagh, when the king's scapegrace daughter opened sluicegates in the wall protecting it from the sea + ys (Welsh) - it is. 

oldster - an elderly person; an old stager [Joyce's note: 'oldster']

Boston

Ohr (ger) - ear + Kussen (ger) - kisses + oorkussens (Dutch) - pillows + oer- (Dutch) - primitive-, primeval-.

oxter - the armpit + Achsel (ger) - armpit.

puddled - rendered muddy or turbid by stirring, as water in a puddle; dirty, miry, foul; Also fig. (formerly sometimes, Muddled, confused, puzzled).

mythify - to construct a myth or myths about

wheel - to move like a point in the circumference of a wheel; to move in a circle, spiral, or similar curve.

schooler = scholar (obs.) + schooner - a small sea-going fore-and-aft rigged vessel, originally with only two masts, but now often with three or four masts and carrying one or more topsails + shooler (Irish) - vagrant, wanderer, beggar.

rusten (ger) - to arm, to equip for war + even rusten (Dutch) - to rest for a minute.

gospels + Gastspiel (ger) - performance by guest ensamble.