Mac Maol Chonaire (fake Welsh distortion) - O Mulconry + Farfassa O'Mulconry - one of Four Masters + Conary O'Clery - one of the Four Masters.

ap (Joyce's note)

podex (Latin Slang) - posterior, arse

Gray, Dwyer (d. 1888) - Irish nationalist, editor of the Freeman's Journal (which also employed L. Bloom and F. Higgins), Lord Mayor of Dublin + "The ass of the O'Dwyer of Greyglens is abrowtobayse afeald in his terroirs of the Potterton's forecoroners" [602.14]

bag of broth

beeve - an ox 

scullogue - an Irish farm labourer

churl - a countryman, rustic, boor; a serf, a bondman (the position to which most of the OE. ceorlas were reduced after the Norman conquest); a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement.

vassal - a tenant in fee; a humble servant or subordinate; one devoted to the service of another

in sum - (expressed) in a few words, briefly or summarily

sept - a division of a nation or tribe; a clan: orig. in reference to Ireland

severalty - the condition of being separate or distinct; Of land: (Held) in a person's own right without being joined in interest with another.

Brocéliande - forest, in Brittany, NW France, home of Merlin in Arthurian legend (a.k.a. Forest of Paimpont)

gowan - a general name for various yellow or white field flowers + Gawain - King Arthur's nephew, knight of the Round Table, Grail knight + Mac an Ghabhann (mokun gouwen) (gael) - son of the smith + O'Gabhain (o'gawin) (gael) - descendant of Gabhadhan (diminutive of gabhadh, "want, need, danger").

Maud Gonne [399.11] + 'going, going, gone' (auction).

penal - of, pertaining to, or relating to punishment; pertaining to the penis + (notebook 1924): 'non-penal death (Pel)' The Catholic Encyclopedia 'Pelagius and Pelagianism': 'Theodore of Mopsuestia even went so far as to deny the possibility of original guilt and consequently the penal character of the death of the body'.

in medios locos (l) - into the middle of places + loquor (l) - to speak + (notebook 1924): 'no medius locus for children' The Catholic Encyclopedia 'Pelagius and Pelagianism': 'Some codices contain a ninth canon... Children dying without baptism do not go to a "middle place" (medius locus), since the non reception of baptism excludes both from the "kingdom of heaven" and from "eternal life"'.

get busy (notebook 1923) → O. Henry: The Four Million 236: 'By Courier': 'She says yer better git busy, and make a sneak for de train' + 'useful arm' (notebook 1923) [1-arm motif]

touchline - Geom. A straight line that touches a curve; a tangent (obs.)

due - With reference to the points of the compass: Properly, right, straight, directly.

love embrace (notebook 1923) Mordell: The Erotic Motive in Literature 170: 'the Song of Songs... This great love poem is regarded by many, curiously enough, as a religious allegory... Higher criticism has recognised the fact that the poem is a love poem. This is also proved by the fact that from time immemorial it has been the practice of orthodox Hebrews to read it on the Sabbath eve, which is the time for love embrace among them' + Wagner: Tristan und Isolde: Liebestod ('love-death' aria).

tallow - white nearly tasteless solid rendered fat of cattle and sheep used chiefly in soap, candles, and lubricants + sallow - a sickly yellowish skin color.

united (Joyce's note)

sans famille (fr) - without family

oremus - a liturgical prayer introduced by the word oremus (in the service of the R.C. Church) + oremus (l) - let us pray.

homey - an Englishman; a British immigrant, esp. one newly arrived + Home Sweet Home (J. H. Payne song) There was the band playing 'Home, Sweet Home'.

gratifying - affording pleasure, pleasing, satisfying

evenement - an occurrence, event; an issue, result

meter (gr) - mother + meter (Dutch) - godmother.

pater (gr) - father + peter (Dutch) - godfather.


slaap (Dutch) - sleep; temple (part of head)

peregrine - a pilgrim; a traveller in a foreign land (obs.)

Fear-feasa (farfase) (gael) - Man of knowledge; Fearfeasa O'Maolchonaire, anglic. Farfassa O Mulconry, one of the Four Masters + Verfasser (ger) - author + Annals of the Four Masters by Michael O'Clery, Farfassa O'Mulconry, Morris O'Mulconry, Peregrine O'Clery, Peregrine O'Duignan and Conary O'Clery.

navigant - a navigator or voyager + pro navigantibus et peregrinantibus (l) - for sailors and for pilgrims, for travelers by sea and travelers to remote places (a prayer).

empire (Joyce's note) The Encyclopædia Britannica vol. XXVIII, 'Vico, Giovanni Batista', 24c: 'Democratic excesses cause the rise of an empire, which, becoming corrupt, declines into barbarism, and, again emerging from it, retraces the same course'.

fionnachán (Irish) - diminutive of fionn ('fair')

faugh a ballagh (Anglo-Irish) - clear the way!

fascinator - a charming or attractive person + FDV: — I'm so real glad to have met you, Tris, you fascinator, you! she said, awfully bucked by the gratifying experience of the love embrace from a notoriety bigtimer with an interesting tallow complexion [from whom great things were expected] like him who was evidently a notoriety also in the poetry department for he never saw an orange but he thought of a porringer and to cut a long story short taking him by and large he meant everything to her just then, being her beau ideal of a true girl friend handsome musical composer a thoroughbred Pomeranian lapdog, a box of preserved crystallised ginger clove cushions, peppermint slices, satinette puffs, lime tablets and may even the Deity Itself (3) strewing, the strikingly shining, the twittingly twinkling, our true home and (as her he truly wranograph wranographically remarked), the lamplights of lovers in the Beyond. / Up they gazed, skyward to stardom, while in her his girleen's ear that lovelier lover, sinless sumer, breathed: / Gaunt in gloom / The pale stars their torches / Enshrouded wave...

adorion (l+gr) - a little thing that is adored + dory (gr) - ship + MMLJ: reading all a word or two about the lakes of Killarney through their green & spentacles and so now they started their singing the steamadory the steamadorion

Thomas Moore: Irish Melodies, song: To Ladies' Eyes

'Here's tricks!' (toast)

dulcis (l) - sweet + Tristan and Ysolde.

doaty = dotey - a term of endearment, esp. for a child

ducky - sweet, pretty

blue - blue clothing or dress; esp. of blue uniform, e.g. of policemen

roll one's hoop - go ahead, be successful + (Joyce's note): 'Johnny I'd like to be rolling your hoop'.

wit (Dutch) - white

dimply - full of or characterized by dimples or small depressions + Joyce's note: 'dimpling bliss' Moore's Melodies: ['While Gazing on the Moon's Light'] (while / The moon's smile / Play'd o'er a stream, in dimpling bliss) MS 47481-95v, ILA: ^+laughing at the same time delightfully ^+in dimpling bliss+^+^ | JJA 56:011 | Aug 1923 |

bucked - cheered, encouraged, elated + (notebook 1923): '(Is) I'm so glad to have met you awfully bucked'.

Thomas Moore, song Love's Young Dream: 'Oh! the days are gone' [air: The Old Woman]

kingly - of the nature of a king or kings; dignified, majestic + King Lear

Seanchas Mor (shanekhus mor) (gael) - Great Register: corpus of early Irish law.

possessed - dominated, controlled, strongly and permanently affected + (notebook 1922-23): 'possessed of some means'. 

notoriety - the state or character of being notorious, the fact of being publicly or commonly known; a well-known or celebrated person

bigtimer - a top-ranker

The story of Lazarus is known from the Gospel narrative of John (11:18, 30, 32, 38) Lazarus of Bethany was the brother of Martha and Mary and lived at Bethany, near Jerusalem. When Lazarus died, he was raised by Jesus from the dead after he had been entombed for four days. This miraculous raising of Lazarus from the dead inspired many Jews to believe in Jesus as the Christ.

auld lang-syne - 'old long-since,' old long-ago + Auld Lang Syne (song): 'We'll tak a cup of kindness yet for the sake of auld lang syne'. 

kohinoor - an Indian diamond, famous for its size and history, which became one of the British Crown jewels on the annexation of the Punjaub in 1849; hence, allusively, any magnificent large diamond; fig. something that is the most precious or most superb of its kind.

sehe (ger) - look + sehet (ger) - look (plural) + MMLJ: and old Luke for auld luke syne and we she make wail a cupboard cupboar coinerset koiner set for on the pays praze savole hang shanghai. Hear. Isolde la belle! Tristan, sad hero, hear!

shangai - a popular variation of the game of darts, in which players amass points by throwing three darts at each number in succession, players failing to score during a round being eliminated or 'shanghaied' + shanghai (Chinese) - on the sea + Shanghai - type of domestic fowl + James Joyce: Letters I.206: letter 23/10/23 to Harriet Shaw Weaver: 'Mr Quinn invited me to dinner... A friend of his told me there is a club in the far east where Chinese ladies (not American as I supposed) meet twice a week to discuss my mistresspiece. Needless to say the said club is in - shavole Shanghai!'

Lambeg - the name of a village near Belfast, N. Ireland, used attrib. of the large drums traditionally beaten there on 12 July

reed - a reed made into a rustic musical pipe; also applied to the hollow stems of other plants used for the same purpose

fifer - one who plays the fife

Brasenose College, Oxford + (brass instrument).

anno Domini nostri sancti Jesu Christi (l) - in the year of our blessed Lord Jesus Christ + REFERENCE

blueblack - black or dark with a tinge of blue + MMLJ: in the black bowels of the bank of Ulster

Ulster Bank, College Green Branch (near Trinity College) + {first stanza is sung by EVANGELIST: Matthew; PRONOUN: thou; NAME: Matt Gregory; MASTER: Peregrine O'Clery; ORE: gold; EVANGELIST SYMBOL: -; LITURGICAL COLOUR: blue-black; DAY: Palm Sunday; PROVINCE: Ulster (North); ACCENT: Belfast}

braw - splendid, showy

bawbee - a Scotch coin of base silver equivalent originally to three, and afterwards to six, pennies of Scotch money, about a halfpenny of English coin; hence, in modern use, a halfpenny.

galore - in abundance or plenty

girleen (Joyce's note) + girleen (Anglo-Irish) - young girl.

prank - to dress, or deck in a gay, bright, or showy manner; to decorate, adorn + MMLJ: Braw pennies, my girlee girleen, and bright gold pounds, by God, 'll deck prank thee finely