lout - an awkward ill-mannered fellow; a bumpkin, clown + MMLJ: And no damn lout'll come courting thee or by the Holy Ghost there'll be murder.

court - to pay amorous attention to, seek to gain the affections of, make love to (with a view to marriage)

dingle - a deep dell or hollow + {second stanza. EVANGELIST: Mark; PRONOUN: she; NAME: Marcus Lyons; MASTER: Michael O'Clery; ORE: silver; EVANGELIST SYMBOL: lion; LITURGICAL COLOUR: moonblue; DAY: Holy Tuesday; PROVINCE: Munster (South); ACCENT: Cork-Kerry}

bride of the brine + (birth of Aphrodite from foam).

Sybil = Sibyl - one or other of certain women of antiquity who were reputed to possess powers of prophecy and divination + Sybil Point on Dingle peninsula, County Kerry, Munster.

surfriding or surfing - the sport of riding a surfboard toward the shore on the crest of a wave + MMLJ: O come all ye sweet nymphs of Dingle beach to see cheer Brinabride from Sybil a riding ariding

curragh: barony (notebook 1923) + curragh - marshy waste ground; spec. the proper name of the level stretch of open ground in Co. Kildare, famous for its racecourse and military camp + currach (Anglo-Irish) - light canvas boat, coracle (from Irish: curach).

mother of pearl - a smooth shining iridescent substance forming the inner layer of some shells

silvery - having the hue or lustre of silver + MMLJ: In her curragh of shells of daughter-of-pearl and her silverymoonblue mantle round her

mantle - a loose sleeveless cloak of varying length + (women in County Kerry traditionally wear blue hooded cloaks)

jig - a lively, rapid, springy kind of dance

jilt - to deceive after holding out hopes in love; to cast off (a lover) capriciously + MMLJ: Bride Crown of the brine she is and will be waters, brine on her brow, she'll dance them a jilting jig and jilt them fairly early (a space was left between ''jig'' and ''early'').

yerra - an asseverative oath or exclamation

bide - to remain in a place, or with a person, as opposed to going away, to stay; Often with the idea of remaining behind when others go (arch.)

sig - urine + Sir

sloomy - sluggish, dull, spiritless 

grogram - a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum + gruagan gre (grugan gre) (gael) - grey-hairdye hue; in saying: gruagain gre dath na treigeann, 'grey-hairdye hue, a color that doesn't fade' + grogham (Slang) - horse.

Barnacle Goose - a black and white species of bird from the northern hemisphere, found in the arctic seas (where alone it breeds), and visiting the British coasts in winter + Nora Barnacle + MMLJ: Yerra, why would she bride with sir sloomysides of the or Com the gogram grey barnacle gander?

beau - the attendant or suitor of a lady; a lover, sweetheart + {third stanza. EVANGELIST: Luke; C: PRONOUN: you; NAME: Luke Tarpey; MASTER: Farfassa O'Mulconry; ORE: copper; EVANGELIST SYMBOL: calf; LITURGICAL COLOUR: red; DAY: Spy Wednesday; PROVINCE: Leinster (East); ACCENT: Dublin}

glut - a gulp or full draught; the amount (of liquid) swallowed at a gulp; a supply of any mercantile commodity which is greatly in excess of the demand

cold meat - cooked meat that has become cold; a corpse; corpses

soldiering - the action of serving as a soldier, military service + MMLJ: You'll not be lonesome, Lizzy my love, when your yank is gone the worse for a soldier his soldiering swank & his steel.

machree - my dear! + Machree, Widow - Lover poem in which reasons for marriage are urged on the widow.  

Balbriggan - town in Ireland, applied attrib. to a knitted cotton fabric manufactured there

surtout - a man's great-coat or overcoat + MMLJ: Nor shake wake in winter, widow machree, for you'll have my old Dundalk Balbriggan surtout

wisha - an exclamation indicating dismay, emphasis, or surprise

Mittwoch (ger) - Wednesday (literally 'midweek')

nursetender - one who tends a sick person; a sick-nurse + MMLJ: Wisha, won't you agree now to take me in for nothing at all as your old own nursetender

highstepper - a person of stately walk or bearing, fashionably dressed or mannered person

die game - to maintain a bold and defiant bearing to the last, i.e. like a gamecock; to meet death resolutely; fig. to maintain one's spirit and endurance to the last.

acushla - dear heart, darling 

copper - copper money; pl. (colloq.), a copper coin; a penny or halfpenny + MMLJ: Ten million A power of fine men fellons died ten in a ditch game right enough. but Who lives for you?

iron - to smooth or press with a heated flat-iron, as cloth, and the like + {fourth stanza. EVANGELIST: John; D: PRONOUN: I; NAME: Johnny MacDougall; MASTER: Peregrine O'Duignan; ORE: iron; EVANGELIST SYMBOL: eagle; LITURGICAL COLOUR: black; DAY: Good Friday; PROVINCE: Connacht (West); ACCENT: Galway-Mayo}

gone on - (in recent colloq. or vulgar use) enamoured of, infatuated about + Maud Gonne, loved by Yeats (in 1917 Yeats proposed to her daughter Iseult, who was many years his junior) + MMLJ: I, Dougall, in on Aran Saw / Black Iron night

goosegrease - the melted fat or grease of the goose

eiderdown - the small soft feathers from the breast of the eider duck; a quilt filled with eider-down or any similar soft material

Tara brooch Cross of Cong (notebook 1923) Flood: Ireland, Its Saints and Scholars 111: 'the artists who worked in metal in Ireland... The most beautiful specimens of their art that have been preserved are the Tara Brooch, the Ardagh Chalice, and the Cross of Cong' + Roderick O'Connor [380.12: "Roderick O'Conor, the paramount chief polemarch"] died at Cong Abbey, County Mayo, Connacht.

(Christ rose from the dead on Easter Sunday)

Mick - a Roman Catholic

Nick - the devil + Mick, Nick and the Maggies

mose - the titmouse + Moses + most.

BOHERMORE - The name is from Bothar Mor, Ir. "Great Road." There were 5 "great roads" built in Ireland in the 2nd century, but none was uniquely called the Bothar Mor. There is no "Barony of Bohermore". 

Matthew sings with brotherly jealousy... Mark sings worshipfully of a queen born of the sea... Luke sings as an old love and true friend... John sings in the excitement of success in love (Eric Rosenbloom: A Word In Your Ear). 

haw - a call used to direct a horse or team to turn to the left + haw haw - the representation of loud or boisterous laughter + (braying of the ass).

merman - the male of the mermaid; an imaginary marine creature with a man's head and trunk, and a fish's or cetacean's tail instead of the lower limbs

ply - to use, handle, or wield vigorously or diligently (an instrument, tool, weapon)

keg - a small barrel or cask, usually of less than 10 gallons + Joyce's note: 'a light down the river. The mermen ply their cask'.

pith - fig. The central or inward part; hence, the essential or vital part (of anything); spirit, essence + "We have delivered to the son of Isis his enemy, who succumbed to his force. We have done evil to the adversary. He who attacks the strong will see his misfortune reach him. The son of Isis has defended his father. His name becomes sacred and beneficial. Respect rests in its place and reveredness is established according to its own laws. The road is free, the paths are open. How joyous have the Double Banks become! Evil dissipates and the accusor moves away. The land is pacified under the authority of its Lord. Justice is established for its Lord. Backs are turned towards injustice!" Great Hymn to Osiris (translated to the French by Barucq & Daumas, 1980, pp.96-97. Preserved on Stela C 286 of the Louvre, dating from the early New Kingdom, XVIIIth Dynasty).

the lot is cast - the decisive step is taken

John-a-dreams - a dreamy fellow; one occupied in idle meditation (William Shakespeare: Hamlet II.2.553) + James/John [John is a cognate of Shaun (Shaun = Irish Sean = John); James is a cognate of Shem (Shem = Irish Séim or Séam = Irish Séamus/Seumas = James)].