Souvenir of the Twenty-fifth Anniversary of the Opening of The Gaiety Theatre 31: 'who that has seen him can ever forget the operatic tenor of the old school... the gentleman who so strangely and wonderfully used to work himself up to the point of delivering his famous chest C'.

cadence - a modulation or inflection of the voice + 'Sdeath! - Shakespearean imprecation or oath, a contraction of "God's death" (Archaic) + 'S dance + Unifying theme of this chapter is bad weather, from the dense fog at the beginning of the chapter to the rain at the end.

barraggio (Italian) - barrage, a military barrage + barrage - concentrated delivery or outpouring, an excessive quantity + corpo di Bacco! (it) - by Jove!

spoof - to deceive, delude; to make (something) appear foolish by means of parody + speak + poof - Used to convey the suddenness with which someone or something disappears.

freak - a sudden causeless change or turn of the mind; a capricious humour, notion, or whim + {At the opening of I.3, after HCE becomes lost in a cloud of allegation, like Wilde, HCE's accusers are themselves lost "in a freakfog, of mixed sex cases among goats"}

mousey - rel. to mouse; colorless, timid, quiet + mousy - a playful diminutive of mouse.

bigamy - marriage with a second wife or husband during the lifetime of the first

SHAN VAN VOCHT - Ireland as the "Poor Old Woman," Sean Bhean Bhocht, who has seen all its troubles.

blackfriar - a dominican friar (so called from the colour of their dress) + "Perhaps the Byzantine friar Cosmas Indicopleustes understood Plato better than the ancient and modern "Aristotelians", says Merezhkovsky. In his Topographia Christiana he included a chart of the (flat) world: it showed an inner continent, a compact mainland surrounded by sea, and this was surrounded by an outer ring-shaped continent, with the inscription, "The earth beyond the Ocean, where men lived before the Flood." The Garden of Eden is placed in the eastern end of this continent" + "The Toltecs upon Ruta, by then hopelessly addicted to the black art, brought about another cataclysm in 75,000 B.C.E., destroying both Ruta and Daitya, and heaving up die large island that was to become known as Poseidonis. In 9,564 B.C.E., Poseidonis also met its fate as it sank beneath massive tidal waves brought about by violent volcanic eruptions. Atlantis and her black sorcerers were finally gone forever." (Theun Mares: Return of the Warriors).

treacle - tricky, treacherous; any syrup made during the refining of sugar and is defined as "uncrystallized syrup produced in refining sugar". Treacle is used chiefly in cooking as a form of sweetener or condiment. Historically, the Middle English term triacle was used by herbalists and apothecaries to describe a medicine (also called theriac or theriaca) — composed of many ingredients — that was used as an antidote treatment for poisons, snakebites or various ailments. Triacle comes from the Old French triacle, in turn from Vulgar Latin triacula, which comes from Latin theriaca, the latinisation of the Greek θηριακή (thēriakē), the feminine of θηριακός (thēriakos), "concerning venomous beasts", which comes from θηρίον (thērion), "wild animal, beast". Treacle plaster was a dressing for a wound, sold as a panacea for many medical conditions + Treacle Tom.

liddle = little + belittled + Alice P. Liddell - friend of Lewis Carroll and model for 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' + lid - a movable top or cover (hinged or separate) for closing the opening of a container.

therewith - with that (word, act, or occurrence), that being said or done, thereupon.

kingrick - kingdom + Richard III (1452-85) - English king of the House of York, crookbacked like HCE, called The Boar or The Hog, from the device on his crest. In Shakespeare's Richard III, he is a villain, brother-slayer.

Numidia - "country of the nomads": ancient North African kingdom and Roman province, modern Algeria + humid - containing or characterized by a high amount of water or water vapor.

poisoning - poisonous

barrage - concentrated delivery or outpouring, an excessive quantity + Hebrews 12:1: 'compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses' + (Flood, destruction of Atlantis) + FDV: A cloud of witnesses indeed!

redeliver - to deliver (a message, etc.) again, to repeat, report

vergobret - the chief magistrate among the ancient Ædui of Gaul

Caractacus (l) - king of Silures in Britain who fought the Roman invasion + caracul - a breed of Asiatic sheep (often spelled 'karakul') + FDV: Yet all these are as much now no more as were they now not yet or had they then not ever been.

hear + to "here" i.e. to position in space right here.

Zouave - one of a body of light infantry in the French army, originally recruited from the Algerian Kabyle tribe of Zouaoua, but afterwards composed of French soldiers distinguished for their physique and dash, and formerly retaining the original Oriental uniform (more) + Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 46: 'Appearance of "The Zouave Artistes," announced as "The original Founders of the Theatre at Inkermann, during the Crimean War"... the female parts being performed by men'.

mime - a mimic, jester, buffoon, a pantomimist

mum - to silence, to put to silence

mick = mike - Irishman; a Roman Catholic

Nick - the devil + nick - to nickname, to style (obs).

miming - pres. par. of mime (to act or play a part without words; to imitate, mimic)

maggie - a girl + Their Majesties, when more then one royal person is meant + "The Mime of Mick (*V*), Nick (*C*) and the Maggies (*Q*)" [FW 219.18-.19]

Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 67n: 'Mr. Frank Smyth' (in the role of Mr Vyvyan in 'Maritana').

St Austell, Ivan, and Hilton St Just - Ulysses (648) mentions them as Dublin tenors: 'usual hackneyed run of catchy tenor solos foisted on a confiding public by Ivan St Austell and Hilton St Just and their genus omne'

Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 67n: 'Mr. J.F. Jones' (in the role of Mr S. Vincent in 'Maritana').

Colman (kuluman) (gael) - Young Dove + Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 68: 'The new dramatic Romance by Algernon Willoughby, "Valjean"... in which Mr. Coleman assumed four characters'.

Leamhcan (loukan) (gael) - producing marshmallows + Levey & O'Rorke: Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin 49: 'Mr. John Collins was son of a former proprietor of the Lucan Spa Hotel'.

O'Daly - according to Mr O Hehir, a family of hereditary Irish poets 

O'Dubhghaill (o'dugel) (gael) - descendant of Dubhghall ("dark-foreigner," i.e., Dane) + "The jury (a sour dozen of stout fellows all of whom were curiously named after doyles)" [FW 574.30-.32].

double-six - twelve (*O*)

feerie - a fairy + 'Fin M'Coul and the Fairies of Lough Neagh' (pantomime at Theatre Royal, Dublin, 1844).

Loch nEachach (lokh nakhokh) (gael) - Eachach's ("horse-man") Lake; anglic. Lough Neagh + Finn MacCool tore up in anger a sod of turf and threw it into the Irish Sea, thereby creating Lough Neagh and the Isle of Man.

galloper - one who gallops on horseback, esp. of hunters; fig. One who proceeds at great speed + Gulliver's Travels.

harlequin - in English pantomime a mute character supposed to be invisible to the clown and pantaloon; he has many attributes of the clown (his rival in the affections of Columbine) with  the addition of mischievous intrigue.

zither - to play the zither

merryman - jester + merry men - followers of a knight + By the Magazine Wall, zinzin, zinzin (motif).

persons in + persi (it) - lost + persino (it) - even + (notebook 1922-23): 'People in the Story' Sunday Pictorial 29 Oct 1922, 18/1: 'Less than the Dust by Henry St. John Cooper': 'People in the Story' (above list of characters).

Eyrwyggla Saga (notebook 1924) Walsh: Scandinavian Relations with Ireland during the Viking Period 31: 'Eyrbyggía Saga tells of both Thórodd, the owner of a large ship of burden, and of Guthleif, who went with other traders on voyages "west to Dublin".' + Earwicker.

saga - any of the narrative compositions in prose that were written in Iceland or Norway during the middle ages; a story, popularly believed to be matter of fact, which has been developed by gradual accretions in the course of ages, and has been handed down by oral tradition.

readable - capable of being read with pleasure or interest. Usually of literary work: Easy or pleasant to read, agreeable or attractive in style.

from end to end  

top to bottom

facetious - characterized by, or addicted to, pleasantry; jocose, jocular + factitious - not produced by natural forces + "This is a tissue of falsehood. I have constructed my private property with my own money."

libellous - containing or constituting a libel, of the nature of a libel

actionable - subject to or affording ground for an action or suit at law (slander is actionable)

volume - a collection of written or printed sheets bound together so as to form a book; a tome

ostia (it) - Eucharist; sacrifical victim + oste (it) - innkeeper, host + Hosty = Sully (Joyce's list of characters in I.3).

fosti (it) - you were + frosty - covered with or as if with frost + FDV: Of Hosty, quite a musical genius in small way, the end is unknown.  

niced - made foolish or delicate

tenorist - one who sings tenor

meritory - serving to earn reward; productive of merit to the agent + purely military.

Tennysonian - an admirer, imitator, disciple, or student of Tennyson + suonanti tuoni (it) - thundering thunders + tuoni (Finnish) - figure of death.

work one's passage - to pay for one's passage on board ship by working during the voyage (also fig.)

animando - becoming animated (used as direction in music) + animando vite (it) - giving life.