undiscernible - not visible or perceptible

baxter - baker + nursery rhyme 'the butcher, the baker, the candlestickmaker'.

Marthe Fleischmann - a young Swiss woman with whom Joyce was enamoured in 1919 (a model for Gerty MacDowell and Martha Clifford in 'Ulysses').

bidivil (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - bedevil

uns (ger) - us

point + poing (fr) - fist.

cock sure - quite safe, of certain outcome, marked by certianity and conviction + Hotspur (in William Shakespeare's King Henry IV, Part 1 and King Henry IV, Part 2).

wellnigh - very nearly, almost

stinkpot - an earthen jar with materials of an suffocating smell sometimes thrown upon an enemy's deck.

punge - to prick, pierce; to affect pungently

tailend - the concluding part of an action, period of time, etc.

out and in - in and out, outside and inside, out of the place and in again

candlestick - a support for a candle + William Shakespeare: Macbeth V.5.23: 'Out, out, brief candle!'

O'Nuallain (o'nulan) (gael) - descendant of Nuallan (diminutive of nuall, "noble").

peese = peace

han var (Danish) - he was (i.e. He's Dead)

disliken - to make unlike, to disguise (obs.) + dislike - the opposite of like (v.) in its current sense; and so less strong than hate, which is the opposite of love + FDV: Shorty dissapeared from the surface of the earth so completely as to lead one to suppose that it had come to pass that he (who possessed at times a large amount of the humorous) his habitat had become the interior.

duodrama - a dramatic piece for two performers only + (notebook 1922-23): 'Druriodrama'.

langley - a unit of solar energy flux

frisker - one who frisks (to move briskly and sportively; to dance, frolic, gambol, jig); Also slang, a pilferer + Frisky Shorty

spickle - a spikelike organ, a small pointed organ

spoke - tale, speech + to put in one's spoke - to attempt to give advice, or have some say, in a matter.

toodle-oo (Colloquial) - goodbye

to take a French leave - to go away, or do anything, without permission or notice + phrase to take a leaf out of someone's book (to follow someone's example; imitate: Some countries that took a leaf out of American industry's book are now doing very well for themselves.)

unveil - to uncover, disclose, display, reveal + available + Sullivan: The Book of Kells 23: 'at least twenty-four leaves of text alone have disappeared from the book'.

Colm-cille (kulumkili) (gael) - "Dove of the Church", 6th c. monastic missionary, latinized Columba. Illicitly copied a book by St. Finnian. Finnian of Moville brought home a copy of the “Vulgate,” after a visit to Rome. The Vulgate was the definitive Latin translation of the bible done by St. Jerome about 100 years earlier. Colmcille decided to make a copy surreptitiously by night. Finnian apparently discovered what he was up to when one of his novice monks noticed a mysterious light emanating from the church where the Vulgate was kept one night and peeped through an opening in the door. He was astonished to see the big man furiously copying with one hand, whilst a magical light flowing from the tips of the fingers of his other hand illuminated his labours. [Sullivan: The Book of Kells 4: 'the famous Book of Kells, or as it is often called the Book of Colum Cille'].

pravity - moral perversion or corruption; wickedness, viciousness, depravity


austral - southern; of or pertaining to Australia or Australasia + astral

transmew = transmute - to alter or change in nature, properties, appearance, or form + transferred + transmareo (l) - to cross over the sea + mare transeo (l) - I cross the sea.

spoor - the trace, track, or trail of a person or animal, esp. of wild animals pursued as game + spoorloos (Dutch) - without a trace.

King Diarmaid, on the advice of his Supreme Court counsellor Bec MacDe, ruled: “I don’t know where you get your fancy new ideas about people’s property. Wise men have always described the copy of a book as a child-book. This implies that someone who owns the parent-book also owns the child-book. To every cow its calf, to every book its child-book. The child-book belongs to Finnian.”

whisk - a bundle or tuft of twigs, hair, feathers, etc. fixed on a handle, used for brushing or dusting.

tabula rasa - a smoothed tablet of blank slate

obliteration - erasure, effacement, extinction

involucrum - outer covering, envelope; Bot. A whorl or rosette of bracts surrounding an inflorescence, or at the base of an umbel.

tickle - to excite, provoke

speculative - speculation, hypothetical reasoning, theory

all but - very nearly, almost

opine - to form a judgement on grounds insufficient for positive proof; to hold an opinion, or to hold as one's opinion; to think, suppose.

levey = levee + R.M. Levey - co-author (with O'Rorke) of 'Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin'. 

redivivus - brought back to live, living again, reborn

Paganini, Nicolô (1782-1840) - Italian violinist

volunteer - one who voluntarily offers or enrols himself for military service, in contrast to those who are under obligation to do so, or who form part of a regular army or military force.

Vousden, Val - Dublin music-hall entertainer at the turn of the century, wrote the song "The Irish Jaunting Car"; acted, sang, danced and played the violin at Dan Lowrey's Music Hall; may have been R.M. Levey, co-author of 'Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin'.

hobo - 'an idle shiftless wandering workman, ranking scarcely above the tramp'.

humoresque - a sudden apparently unmotivated turn of mind

translate - to transfer, transport; to carry or convey to heaven without death; to turn from one language into another + transtulit (l) - [he] has brought over, transported, transferred.

funster - comedian, humorist

latitat - a writ which supposed the defendant to lie concealed and which summoned him to answer in the King's Bench; the fact of lying concealed; hiding, lurking + latitat (l) - [he] lies hidden + latitat (Slang) - attorney.

Finistére - French department where, some say, Tristan died + finis terrae (l) - end of the earth + finster (ger) - dark.


bhi se (vi she) (gael) - he was

san (Japanese) - polite form of address (Mr) + San (it) - Saint.

James Joyce's "The Day of the Rabblement" was rejected by Father Henry Browne for U.C.D. magazine

toast - a slice or piece of bread browned at the fire: often put in wine, water, or other beverage.

quaint - wise, knowing; skilled, clever, ingenious; strange, unusual, unfamiliar, odd.

yarnspinner - a story teller

Padre Bruno (it) - Father Brown

treu = true + treu (ger) - loyal.

trost = trust - confidence in or reliance on some quality or attribute of a person or thing, or the truth of a statement + trøster (Danish) - comforter.

Iar Spain - "distant" Spain, Mr O Hehir says

sodality - an organized society + FDV: Then was the reverend, the sodality director that fashionable vice preacher to whom sinning society ladies beauties (vide the daily press) often became so enthusiasticaly attached and was a nondescript objectionable ass who sometimes wore a nondescript raffle ticket in his hat & was openly guilty of malpractice with his tableknife the cad with a pipe encountered by HCE?  

director - an ecclesiastic holding the position of spiritual adviser to some particular person or society.

eupeptic - having good digestion; cheerful, optimistic

barefaced - audacious, impudent, shameless

Carmelite - a member of an order of mendicant friars (called also, from the white cloak which forms part of their dress, White Friars), who derive their origin from a colony founded on Mount Carmel by Berthold, a Calabrian, in the 12th century.

palpitate - that palpitates (to tremble); throbbing, quivering

pulpit - a raised structure consisting of an enclosed platform, usually supplied with a desk, seat, and other accessories, from which the preacher in a church or chapel delivers the sermon, and in which in some denominations the officiating minister conducts the service.



frate (it) - friar

O'Nuallain Mor (o nulan mor) (gael) - Great des. of Nuallan (dim. of nuall, "noble").

passim - indication of the occurrence of something in various places throughout the book or writings.

objectionable - that may be objected to; against which an adverse reason may be urged; unacceptable, disagreeable, unpleasant.

ass - an ignorant fellow, a perverse fool, a conceited dolt

cockade - a ribbon, knot of ribbons, rosette, or the like, worn in the hat as a badge of office or party, or as part of a livery dress + Mad Hatter in 'Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland' is illustrated with a ticket on his hat.

raffle - a form of lottery, in which an article is assigned by drawing or casting of lots.

hangle - an iron pothook

canary - quandary (a state of extreme perplexity or uncertainty; a dilemma causing (great) mental agitation or distress).

malpractice - a criminal or overtly mischievous action; wrong-doing, misconduct; improper treatment or culpable neglect of a patient by the physician.

tableknife - a knife used at a table

gloss - to gleam, to shine (obs.)

cark - load, burden; that which burdens the spirit, troubled state of mind + card + (notebook 1924): 'work with cork in pocket'.

snob - one who meanly or vulgarly admires and seeks to imitate, or associate with, those of superior rank or wealth + snab de'n choinnil (Anglo-Irish) - snuff of a candle (snob (Irish) = snab (Anglo-Irish) - snuff, snot (of a candle)) + snuff - the burned portion of the wick of a candle.

dunghill + Dunhill - Enghish pipe and tobacco sellers. Also a rocky height on Howth + Dun-aill (dunil) (gael) - Fortress of the Cliff; town, Co. Waterford, anglic. Dunhill.

years + Schaum (ger) - foam.

ripe - fully developed in body or mind; mature + Joyce's note (notebook 1923): 'fully 10 yrs older' (MS 47472-155v, TsLPA: that same cad with a pipe ^+, fully several yrs older,+^ encountered by Humphrey Chimpden | early 1927).

redletter day - a saint's day or church festival indicated in the calendar by red letters; hence, any memorable, fortunate, or specially happy day.

Jesus day - the festival of the Name of Jesus, 7 Aug + Jove - a poetical equivalent of Jupiter, name of the highest deity of the ancient Romans.

fuit (l) - he was

a philistine - a person whose interests are limited to material or very ordinry matters + Percy French: song Phistlin Phil McHugh.

say (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - sea

MICK'S HOTEL - Percy French's song: "Has anybody even been to Mick's Hotel, / Mick's Hotel by the salt say water?/...Never again for me." 

next to nothing - hardly anything, almost nothing + nix - no; snow + nix (Slang) - nothing.

always + nebula (l) - fog + FDV: It is a well authenticated fact of the commonest knowledge that the shape of the average human face changes its shape frequently alters with the passing of years. Hence it is no easy matter to identify the individual in baggy pants with already an inclination to baldness who was asked by some broadfaced boardschool children on a wall to tell them the that bedtime story. It was the Lord's day and the request was put to the party (a native of Ireland, by his brogue [(said to have been average Dublin)], who had made the South coast of England [the sister isle] his headquarters) as he sat smoking paused for ten or 15 minuts for a fragrant smoke calabash in during his weekend pastime of executing empty bottles which had formerly not so (very) long before contained Reid's family stout, by cockshot [with deadly accuracy]. One sad circumstance the narrator mentioned which goes at once to the heart of things. He rose to his feet and told of it to tell [this group of little precocious caremakers] in the simplest of intensive language [of the great now mythical figure in the widewinged hat, the four-in-hand cravat and the gauntlet [upon the hand which [for ever] had struck down Destrelle]].

autodidact - self-taught

commonest - super. of common