undiscernible - not visible or perceptible + Leibniz: 'identity of indiscernibles' (principle that no two things are ever absolutely identical).

baxter - baker + 'the butcher, the baker, the candlestickmaker' (nursery rhyme).

Marthe Fleischmann - a young Swiss woman with whom Joyce was enamoured in 1919 (a model for Gerty MacDowell and Martha Clifford in Ulysses)

bidivil (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - bedevil

uns (ger) - us

point + poing (fr) - fist.

cock sure - quite safe, of certain outcome, marked by certianity and conviction + Hotspur (in William Shakespeare's King Henry IV, Part 1 and King Henry IV, Part 2).

wellnigh - very nearly, almost

stinkpot - an earthen jar with materials of an suffocating smell sometimes thrown upon an enemy's deck + Saint Patrick + pother - choking smoke + bothered.

punge - to prick, pierce; to affect pungently + pungent - affecting the organs of taste or smell with a sharp acrid sensation.

tailend - the concluding part of an action, period of time, etc. + Baron Ping of Chi, in Confucius's home state, concealed freshly ground mustard in the feathers of his fighting cock, to blind his opponent's bird, but the opponent armed his cock with razor-sharp metal spurs.

out and in - in and out, outside and inside, out of the place and in again + outstanding.

candlestick - a support for a candle + Giordano Bruno: Il Candelaio + William Shakespeare: Macbeth V.5.23: 'Out, out, brief candle!'

O'Nuallain (o'nulan) (gael) - descendant of Nuallan (diminutive of nuall, "noble") + Browne/Nolan (motif).

peese = peace + Ulysses.1.333: (Mulligan's unfinished joke about female masturbation) 'I'm melting, he said, as the candle remarked when .... But, hush!'

han var (Danish) - he was (i.e. He's Dead)

disliken - to make unlike, to disguise (obs.) + dislike - the opposite of like (v.) in its current sense; and so less strong than hate, which is the opposite of love.

duodrama - a dramatic piece for two performers only + (notebook 1922-23): 'Druriodrama' + Drury Lane Theatre, London.

langley - a unit of solar energy flux + "Frisky Shorty, (he was, to be exquisitely punctilious about them, both shorty and frisky) a tipster," [FW 39.18-.20] + Frisky Shorty = ∆ (Joyce's list of characters in I.3).

frisker - one who frisks (to move briskly and sportively; to dance, frolic, gambol, jig); Also slang, a pilferer + busker - itinerant entertainer or musician + Frisky Shorty.

spickle - a spikelike organ, a small pointed organ

spoke - tale, speech + put in one's spoke - to attempt to give advice, or have some say, in a matter.

toodle-oo (Colloquial) - goodbye

take a French leave - to go away without permission or notice + take a leaf out of someone's book (phrase) - to follow someone's example; imitate ("Some countries that took a leaf out of American industry's book are now doing very well for themselves.")

unveil - to uncover, disclose, display + available + Sullivan: The Book of Kells 23: 'at least twenty-four leaves of text alone have disappeared from the book'.

Colm-cille (kulumkili) (gael) - "Dove of the Church", 6th c. monastic missionary, latinized Columba. Illicitly copied a book by St. Finnian. Finnian of Moville brought home a copy of the Vulgate, after a visit to Rome. The Vulgate was the definitive Latin translation of the bible done by St. Jerome about 100 years earlier. Colmcille decided to make a copy surreptitiously by night. Finnian apparently discovered what he was up to when one of his novice monks noticed a mysterious light emanating from the church where the Vulgate was kept one night and peeped through an opening in the door. He was astonished to see the big man furiously copying with one hand, whilst a magical light flowing from the tips of the fingers of his other hand illuminated his labours. [Sullivan: The Book of Kells 4: 'the famous Book of Kells, or as it is often called the Book of Colum Cille'].

pravity - moral perversion or corruption; wickedness, viciousness, depravity

surface + sour face.

austral - southern; of or pertaining to Australia or Australasia + astral

transmew = transmute - to alter or change in nature, properties, appearance, or form + transferred + transmareo (l) - to cross over the sea + mare transeo (l) - I cross the sea.

spoor - the trace, track, or trail of a person or animal, esp. of wild animals pursued as game + spoorloos (Dutch) - without a trace.

King Diarmaid, on the advice of his Supreme Court counsellor Bec MacDe, ruled: “I don’t know where you get your fancy new ideas about people’s property. Wise men have always described the copy of a book as a child-book. This implies that someone who owns the parent-book also owns the child-book. To every cow its calf, to every book its child-book. The child-book belongs to Finnian.”

whisk - a bundle or tuft of twigs, hair, feathers, etc. fixed on a handle, used for brushing or dusting

tabula rasa - a smoothed tablet of blank slate

obliteration - erasure, effacement, extinction

involucrum - outer covering, envelope; Bot. A whorl or rosette of bracts surrounding an inflorescence, or at the base of an umbel.

tickle - to excite, provoke

speculative - speculation, hypothetical reasoning, theory

all but - very nearly, almost

opine - to form a judgement on grounds insufficient for positive proof; to hold an opinion, or to hold as one's opinion; to think, suppose

levey = levee + R.M. Levey - co-author (with O'Rorke) of Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin. 

redivivus - brought back to live, living again, reborn + recidivist - one who habitually relapses into crime.

Paganini, Nicolô (1782-1840) - Italian violinist + Paganini Redivivus ('Paganini come alive again') - mysterious 'Ghost of Paganini' violinist that played Irish melodies lying on his back, also at Dan Lowrey's Music Hall [095.21]; probably R.M. Levey, the grandson of the bagpipe player, Giant O'Shaughnessy.

volunteer - a person who freely enlists for (military) service

Vousden, Val - Dublin music-hall entertainer at the turn of the century, wrote the song "The Irish Jaunting Car"; acted, sang, danced and played the violin at Dan Lowrey's Music Hall; may have been R.M. Levey, co-author of 'Annals of the Theatre Royal, Dublin'.

hobo - 'an idle shiftless wandering workman, ranking scarcely above the tramp'

humoresque - a sudden apparently unmotivated turn of mind

translate - to transfer, transport; to carry or convey to heaven without death; to turn from one language into another + transtulit (l) - [he] has brought over, transported, transferred.

funster - comedian, humorist

latitat - a writ supposing the defendant to lie concealed, summoning him to answer to the King's Bench + latitat (l) - [he] lies hidden + habitat

Finistére - French department where, some say, Tristan died + finis terrae (l) - end of the earth + finster (ger) - dark.

innermost + FDV: Shorty dissapeared from the surface of the earth so completely as to lead one to suppose that it had come to pass that he (who possessed at times a large amount of the humorous) his habitat had become the interior.  

bhi se (vi she) (gael) - he was (i.e. He's Dead)

san (Japanese) - polite form of address (Mr) + San (it) - Saint.

James Joyce's "The Day of the Rabblement" was rejected by Father Henry Browne for U.C.D. magazine + "it was this overspoiled priest Mr Browne, disguised as a vincentian" [FW 38.24-.25].

toast - a slice or piece of bread browned at the fire: often put in wine, water, or other beverage + toaster - a person who proposes or joins in a toast to someone or something.

quaint - wise, knowing; skilled, clever; strange, unusual

yarnspinner - a story teller

Padre Bruno (it) - Father Brown

treu = true + treu (ger) - loyal + Ned Thornton, a tea-taster by profession (Tom Kernan in the story Grace), was a neighbor of the Joyce family in North Richmond Street where the Joyces lived from 1894 to 1898.

trost = trust - confidence in or reliance on some quality or attribute of a person or thing, or the truth of a statement + trřster (Danish) - comforter.

Iar Spain - "distant" Spain, Mr O Hehir says + Iar-Spáinn (Irish) - West Spain.

sodality - an organized society + FDV: Then was the reverend, the sodality director that fashionable vice preacher to whom sinning society ladies beauties (vide the daily press) often became so enthusiasticaly attached and was a nondescript objectionable ass who sometimes wore a nondescript raffle ticket in his hat & was openly guilty of malpractice with his tableknife the cad with a pipe encountered by HCE?  

director - an ecclesiastic holding the position of spiritual adviser to some particular person or society + Sodality Priest = Shem (Joyce's list of characters in I.3).

eupeptic - having good digestion; cheerful, optimistic [Joyce's note: 'eupeptic']

barefaced - audacious, impudent, shameless

Carmelite - a member of an order of mendicant friars (called also, from the white cloak which forms part of their dress, White Friars), who derive their origin from a colony founded on Mount Carmel by Berthold, a Calabrian, in the 12th century.

palpitate - that palpitates (trembles); throbbing, quivering

pulpit - a raised structure consisting of an enclosed platform, usually supplied with a desk, seat, and other accessories, from which the preacher in a church or chapel delivers the sermon, and in which in some denominations the officiating minister conducts the service.



frate (it) - friar

O'Nuallain Mor (o nulan mor) (gael) - Great des. of Nuallan (dim. of nuall, "noble")

passim - indication of the occurrence of something in various places throughout the book or writings

objectionable - that may be objected to; against which an adverse reason may be urged; unacceptable, disagreeable, unpleasant

ass - an ignorant fellow, a perverse fool, a conceited dolt + (Cad).

cockade - a ribbon, knot of ribbons, rosette, or the like, worn in the hat as a badge of office or party, or as part of a livery dress + Mad Hatter in 'Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland' is illustrated with a ticket on his hat.

raffle - a form of lottery, in which an article is assigned by drawing or casting of lots

hangle - an iron pothook

canary - quandary (a state of extreme perplexity or uncertainty; a dilemma causing (great) mental agitation or distress) + canary-fit (Dialect) - a fit of anger.

malpractice - a criminal or overtly mischievous action; wrong-doing, misconduct; improper treatment or culpable neglect of a patient by the physician

tableknife - a knife used at a table

gloss - to gleam, to shine (obs.)

cark - load, burden; that which burdens the spirit, troubled state of mind + card + (notebook 1924): 'work with cork in pocket'.

snob - one who meanly or vulgarly admires and seeks to imitate, or associate with, those of superior rank or wealth + snab de'n choinnil (Anglo-Irish) - snuff of a candle +  snob (Irish) = snab (Anglo-Irish) - snuff, snot (of a candle) + snuff - the burned portion of the wick of a candle.

dunghill + Dunhill - Enghish pipe and tobacco sellers. Also a rocky height on Howth + Dun-aill (dunil) (gael) - Fortress of the Cliff; town, Co. Waterford, anglic. Dunhill.

years + Schaum (ger) - foam + Meerschaum (ger) - a material used for pipe-bowls.

ripe - fully developed in body or mind; mature + Joyce's note (notebook 1923): 'fully 10 yrs older' MS 47472-155v, TsLPA: that same cad with a pipe ^+, fully several yrs older,+^ encountered by Humphrey Chimpden | early 1927.

redletter day - a saint's day or church festival indicated in the calendar by red letters; hence, festival day in church calendar, important and memorable day

Jove - a poetical equivalent of Jupiter, name of the highest deity of the ancient Romans + Thursday: The Romans named this day dies Jovis ("Jove's Day"), after Jove or Jupiter, their most important god.

fuit (l) - he was

philistine - person whose interests are limited to material or very ordinry matters + Percy French: Phistlin Phil McHugh (song).


hunting + flaunting fortune + Gray: Ode on a Distant Prospect of Eton College: 'Where ignorance is bliss 'Tis folly to be wise'.

say (Anglo-Irish Pronunciation) - sea

MICK'S HOTEL - Percy French's song: "Has anybody even been to Mick's Hotel, / Mick's Hotel by the salt say water? / ...Never again for me." 

nix - no; nothing (Slang) + nix (l) - snow + next to nothing - hardly anything, almost nothing.

at sea + to see

always + nebula (l) - fog + FDV: It is a well authenticated fact of the commonest knowledge that the shape of the average human face changes its shape frequently alters with the passing of years.

autodidact - self-taught

commonest - super. of common