boomster - one that booms + blomster (Danish) - flowers + boom (Dutch) - tree + ster (Dutch) - star.

rombare (it) - to rumble, to roar + rimbombante (it) - booming.

scene - to provide with scenes + is

seem - seeming, semblance, appearence

arras - a rich pictoral tapestry

dumb - destitute of the faculty of speech

mum (Colloquial) - silence

muteness - the quality or condition of being mute or silent


kusin (Swedish) - cousin

Christansen, Adler - valet, boyfriend, betrayer of Sir Roger Casement.

audible - able to be heard, perceptible to the ear + odibilis (l) - hateful, odious.

os = us + os (Danish) - us + os (l) - mouth; bone.

wineless - lacking wine + wireless

ere - OE. for a sandy spit of land

eerie - fear-inspiring; gloomy, strange, weird

liss - an ancient irish fortification; release, mitigation, tranquility, peace, joy, delight + less

ting (Danish) - court + Thingmote - Viking parliament in Dublin + James Joyce: A Portrait IV: 'Like a scene on some vague arras, old as man's weariness, the image of the seventh city of christendom was visible to him across the timeless air, no older nor more weary nor less patient of subjection than in the days of the thingmote'.

prigged - p. of prig (to steal, pilfer, to dress up, adorn) + prigged (Slang) - stolen (from Joyce's Portrait).

jaunty - easy and sprightly in manner; having or affecting well-bred or easy sprightliness; affecting airy self-satisfaction or unconcern + Val Vousden: song The Irish Jaunting Car.

visavis - a carriage in which persons sit face to face + vis-à-vis (Slang) - jaunting car (because passengers sit back to back).

unsteadily - not steady in position, wavering + in stead of

shoulder to shoulder - with united effort, with mutual co-operation and support + song Boys of the Old Brigade: 'steadily, shoulder to shoulder'.

jehu - a driver of a coach or cab

OSLO - Capital of Norway. Founded by Harald Sigurdsson (aka Harald Haardraade) in 1048 AD as Opslo, it was renamed Christiania (Kristiania) after it was rebuilt after the great fine of 1624.

Iliad - an epic poem like that of Homer, or a poem describing martial exploits; a long series of disasters or the like.

daisy - the common name of Bellis perennis, N.O. Compositæ, a familiar and favourite flower of the British Isles and Europe generally, having small flat flower-heads with yellow disk and white ray.

tussock - a dense tuft (as of grass)

capall (kopul) (gael) - horse

shaft - one of the long bars, between a pair of which a horse is harnessed to a vehicle

tyr = tire (dress, apparel) + tyr (Danish) - bull.

noes - pl. of no + nose

paradigm - example, pattern

eren (Dutch) - honour

vindicative - revengeful, involving retribution or punishment

lo - used to call attention exp. of wonder or surprise

behold + lo and behold - look! see!

arbor (l) - tree

petrus (l) - stone

Augustan - rel. to Augustus Caesar; hence applied to the period of highest purity and refinement of any national literature; and gen. Of the correct standard in taste, classical + Saintsbury, George (1845-1933) - his History of English Prose Rhythm has been shown by Mr Atherton to be a main source of "Oxen of the Sun." His Peace of the Augustans, Mr Hodgart says, is named at 53.15. 

monolith - a single block of stone, esp. one of notable size, shaped into a pillar or monument.

stark - strong, stout, powerful

moonlit - lighted by the moon

pinebarren - sandy or peaty soil wooded with pine trees

fortitudinous - marked by fortitude, courageous + F.E.R.T. - "Fortitudo eius Rhodum tenuit" (His [Amedeo the 6th's] value kept Rhode"), the Sardinian motto which seems to be a motto of the Savoia family. Also, "Femina Erit Ruina Tua" (woman will be thy undoing).

Ajax - one of two Greek heroes (described in the Iliad)

rowdydowdy - boisterous

tenacity - firmness of hold or attachment; firmness of purpose, persistence, obstinacy.

angelus - a devotional exercise commemorating the mystery of the Incarnation, consisting of versicles and responses, and the Angelic Salutation three times repeated, said by Roman Catholics, at morning, noon, and sunset, at the sound of a bell rung for that purpose.

ditcher - a workman who digs ditches


bell - to roar, make a loud noise (esp. deer in rutting time)

fallow - yellowish brown color

doerehmoose genuane = Adoremus. Flectamus genua (l) - Let us adore. Let us kneel + Good Friday Mass of the Presanctified: 'Adoremus... Flectamus genua... levate' (Latin 'Let us adore... Let us kneel... rise').

milky - like milk; gentle, mild

to strike the hour - to announce (an hour) by tinging + song When Midnight Is Striking the Hour.

Levate (l) - Rise (liturgical directions) + laetate (l) - gladden!

brightly - in a bright manner, brilliantly, clearly

tribune - a judge; a protector of the rights of the people; a popular leader, a demagogue.

out - to put out

sharkskin - a woven or warp-knitted fabric of wool, silk, or rayon with a smooth, slightly lustrous, finish.

smoke - tobacco, cigarette

Joshua - book and character of the Old Testament. Joshua was the son of Nunn and was one of the Nine Worthies. 

tip - to give a 'tip' or piece of private information about + pick

un - one

topping - very fine, excellent, first-rate

swank - smart, fashinably elegant, swagger

cheroot - a cigar made in Southern India or Manilla

swellish - stylish

quoit - a flat disc of stone or metal + quite

manfully - resolutely

pluc (pluk) (gael) - cheek

leicean (leken) (gael) - cheek + Leacan (lakan) (gael) - Hillside; town, Co. Sligo, where "Yellow Book of Lecan" compiled.

Lucan - Dublin environ on the Liffey. Two earls of Lucan may have interested Joyce: (1) Patrick Sarsfield, a Wild Goose, who fought under James II, died in 1693, saying, "O that this were for Ireland!"; (2) Lord Lucan, who commanded cavalry at Balaclava and is associated by Joyce with the Light Brigade. 

pluggy - short and stumpy; stiff + bloody + ag plucghail tobac (eg plugil tobok) (gael) - smoking heartily.

suck - to draw (air, breath) into the mouth; to inhale (air, smoke, etc.) (obs.)

boyo - boy, lad

Havana - a cigar of a kind made at Havana or in Cuba (also applied to the tobacco of which these are made) + (notebook 1922-23): 'smoke that & spend a ½ hour in Havana'.

soror (l) - sister 

krigsmænd (Danish) - warriors

sprog (Swedish) - speech

bester - one who gets the better of others by fraudulent means, swindler + Alphonse de Lamartine to Louis Philippe, 1830: 'Sire, vous êtes la meilleure république' (French 'Sire, you are the best republic') + bedste (Danish) - grandfather.

Lorcan O'Tuathail (lurkan o'tuhil) (gael) - Lorcan (dim. of lorc, "fierce") des. of Tuathal ("people-mighty"), patron saint of Dublin; anglic. Laurence O Toole.((

bannock - the name, in Scotland and north of England, of a form in which home-made bread is made + blessings + beannacht De agus Muire agus Brighid agus Phadraic (banokht d'e ogus mwiri ogus brid' ogus fadrik) (gael) - the blessing of God and Mary and Bridget and Patrick.

gort (Anglo-Irish) - enclosed field + gort (Dutch) - barley.

MOYRA - Village, County Donegal 

BRAY - Coastal resort town ("The Irish Brighton") South-East of Dublin in County Wicklow. Bray Head is a 793-ft hill projecting from the coast South of Bray + bri (Welsh) - head.


your lordship - a form of address to noblemen

pit of the stomach - the slight depression in the region of the stomach between the cartilages of the false ribs.

poleaxe - a battle axe, to strike with a poleaxe + please

floruerunt (l) - they flourished + floruerunt (l) = pl. of floruit (l) - "he flourished": formula of ancient historians when birth and death dates are unknown.

hoch - exp. of salutation and approval + hoch (ger) - high.

terrify + turris (l) - tower.

Hitze (ger) - heat

three cheers - three successive cheers in unison, freq. for someone or something.

William III (1650-1720) - Dutch prince of Orange and Nassau; later, with his wife Mary II, he ruled England and Ireland. William III beat James II at the Boyne, 1690. He made a treaty with the Catholics at Limerick which he broke or let his underlings break, and the Catholics had as foul, cruel a time of it as ever they had from Cromwell. The Boyne has always been celebrated by Ulster Protestants on "The Twalfth" of July with parades, featuring big drums (Lambeg Drums 398.29) and atrocious behavior to papists. In Dublin (before the Free State) the Ulstermen's brazen calf was a lead equestrian statue of King Billy on College Green which, on Williamite holy days, was painted white (a white horse in a fanlight is still a sign of Protestant sympathies) and decorated with orange lilies (Lili O'Rangans) and green and white ribbons "symbolically placed beneath its uplifted foot." Catholics retorted by vandalizing the statue, tarring, etc., and in 1836 succeeded in blowing the figure of the king off the horse. 

Crom Cruach (krum krukh) (gael) - Bloody Croucher; ancient Irish idol