level - to make (a surface) level or even

pointer - a useful suggestion or hint + points of the compass.

gauge - estimate or determine the magnitude, amount, or volume of

compass - range or extent within limits; and, more generally, range, reach, sphere, scope; Music. The full range of tones which a voice or muscial instrument is capable of producing.

melos - song, melody + Crow: The Story of Confucius, Master Kung 131: (in the state of Tsi, progressively learning to play the zither, Kung said) 'I have practised the melody, but have not yet acquired the rhythm... I have not yet caught the mood... I have not yet ascertained the kind of men who composed the music... Now I know who he was... His complexion was so dark as to be almost black. He was tall and stout and his eyes when they looked into the distance had the calm gaze of a sheep... No one but King Wen could have composed this song!'

yield - to give or put forth, produce, to render

mode - a particular scheme or system of sounds; a way or manner in which something is done or takes place

manner - method or style of execution in art or literature + Moody-Manners - grand opera company in Ulysses (611). 

policeman + policyman - politician.

plousios (gr) - rich

plebeian + (*X*)

Crow: The Story of Confucius, Master Kung 128: (Tsi musicians) 'perpetuated the ancient compositions and by constant and careful repetition of the ancient tunes kept them free from change'

forefather - an ancestor, a progenitor

Volker (ger) - peoples + folkeforfatter (Danish) - popular author.

Peaches - the two temptresses, considered as the fruit that lures; peach is derived from the Latin for "persian apple". Lures and then "peaches" on tattles + Crow: The Story of Confucius, Master Kung 133: (Yen Ying, a scheming Tsi minister) 'persuaded the marquis to propose a prize of two peaches to the two ministers who offered him the best advice. With only two prizes, and three contestants, it was a foregone conclusion that one would fail to win and... resign... Two contestants appeared, and... were awarded the peaches... After they had eaten the prizes... the third contestant arrived. When he presented his plan... it was so far the best, that he deserved both the peaches... In their chagrin and humiliation... the two who had eaten the peaches committed suicide. The third contestant was so grieved... that he also committed suicide'.

Ming - the name of a dynasty which ruled in China from 1368 to 1644; a ruler belonging to this dynasty + three soldiers (*VYC*).

ching - a Chinese authoritative book + Meng, Chi, Shu-sun - the three great families of Confucius's native state of Lu.

lie low - to keep quiet, remain in hiding

lea - a tract of open ground, either meadow, pasture, or arable land

ghoul - an evil spirit supposed (in Muslim countries) to rob graves and prey on human corpses + Holy Ghost - The Divine Spirit; the Third Person of the Godhead, the Holy Spirit.

titheman - a collector of tithes (the tenth part of the annual produce of agriculture, etc., being a due or payment (orig. in kind) for the support of the priesthood, religious establishments, etc.) + Crow: The Story of Confucius, Master Kung 123: (a disciple of Confucius asking a woman, whose uncle, husband and son were killed by tigers) ''Why do you not move away from such a dangerous neighbourhood?'... 'But the officials here are not oppressive'' + as a young man Confucius became a tithe-collector.

habitat + hantitat (fake latin) - "haunting place", modeled on habitat: "dwelling place".

is + Mark 16:6: 'he is not here' (the angel's announcement of Christ's resurrection).

Zoas - Blake's "four eternal senses of man" (Jerusalem, I, 36): 'The Four Zoa's... Urizen, cold & scientific; Luvah, pitying & weeping; Tharmas, indolent & sullen; Urthona, doubting & despairing' + Suns 

Armagh - County in Ireland (Ulster); a Town was the chief Christian center of Ireland from the time of St Patrick.

Clonakilty - town, County Cork (Munster); nicknamed 'Clonakilty - God Help Us!', because of the appaling conditions there during the great famine.

Deansgrange, County Dublin (Leinster)

BARNA - Village and resort, County Galway, South-West of Galway City. The allusion is to Johnny MacDougall as the province of Connacht.  

heehaw - a conventional representation of the bray of a jackass; a loud unrefined laugh

hill - ill + to fall ill - to be ill or sick + hell, heaven.

streamlet - a small stream

coil - to twist in or into a circular, spiral, or winding shape; to twist or wind round (something)

um - them

thermite (gr) - heat + hermit - one who from religious motives has retired into solitary life; esp. one of the early Christian recluses + termite - a pseudoneuropterous social insect of the genus Termes or family Termitidæ, chiefly tropical, and very destructive to timber.

he he - to utter he he in laughter + wee (Scottish) - small + wee (Colloquial) - to urinate + oui (French) - yes.

antheap = anthill - the mound or hillock raised over an ant's nest

HILL OF ALLEN - Hill (676 feet), 8 miles North-East of Kildare, County Kildare; famous in legend as the Otherworld seat of Finn MacCool. Seefin, a mound on its summit, is known as Finn's Chair. Alma on Almhain, Ir. "whitened." 

barrow - a mountain, mount, hill, or hillock; a grave-mound, a tumulus + BARROW - River, 112 miles long, South-East Ireland, flows South from County Offaly to Waterford Harbor. Connected to Liffey by canal.  

an (Irish) - the

JOTUNFJELL - "Giant mountains," mountain range in Norway + fjell (Norwegian) - 'mountain'. 

grumbling - a low rumbling sound; a murmuring, a subdued utterance of discontent + Grummel (ger) - distant thunder.

wonderstruck - amazed, astounded

yunder - yonder

FDV: The data, did we possess them are too few to warrant certitude, the testifiers too irreperible but certain it is that ere winter turned the leaves of the book of nature the shade of the great outlander had stood at the bar of the hundred tribunals, here condemned before trial with Jedburgh justice, there acquitted against evidence with benefit of clergy. The heroic shade looms up big, human, erring, forgivable behind the varied speeches of his fellow men & women. Three soldiers of the Coldstream Guards were walking in Montgomery street. One gave an opinion in which all concurred. It was the women, they said; he showed himself a man afterwards. A leading coming actress who has been called by 1 critic a vestpocket Siddons was interviewed in a beauty parlour and while righting her cartwheel hat, said: she hoped he would be acquitted get an Xmas pardon as the world had been unkind to him: Then he has been so truly wonderful, she added. A dustman named Churches in the employ of Bullwinkle and McHanger McTigue was asked the question in a hashhouse and replied: We have just been discussing this case. All the fellows say he is a game gamey one. A taxi driver took a strong view and said: He Earywigger is a damned scoundrel in private life but folks say he has parliamentary privilege. A barmaid: it would be a shame to jail him on account of his health. Brian [Linsky], the boy curser, was questioned & immediately answered gave a snappy comeback: [I'm for caveman sex life, curse it!] Them two whores ought to be get strangled or axed. Mrs Ida Wombwell, the 17 old girl daring [revivalist] preacher, said of him the fusiliers incident [with the rosiest of cheeks]: That man is a brutebut he is a magnificent brute. Sylvia Silence, the girl detective, said when told of all the facts: [Have you thought] Greatness was his tragedy but he should pay the full penalty. [The ends of justice must not be earwigged.] A sailor, seated on the granit setts of the fish market, was encouraged to speak by his fiancee & said: ____ he was to blame about the two slaveys as he had a perfect right, but I think there was someone else behind it about the 3 drummers. Of the 2 maids one, it is staled, drank carbolic while [of] the other [one], Barbara Feeney, we hear that she having discovered that she stripped well, her hat became too small for her and (Joyce cut off his first draft at this point) 

unfact - a deliberate falsehood made to pass as fact + Joyce's note: 'unfact' + (notebook 1922-23): 'these data, did we possess them, are too complex'.

legpull - a deception or hoax usu. of a humorous character + by (the) poll - by counting of heads + poll - counting of heads or persons + pull one's leg - to fool someone + (show of legs).

untrustworthy - not trustworthy, unreliable

irreparable - not reparable; that cannot be rectified, remedied, or made good + irreperibilis (l) - undiscoverable, unlearnable + irreperible (it) - undiscoverable.

adjurer - one who adjures ('to impose an oath upon another, prescribing the form in which he shall swear'; to bind under the penalty of a curse) + judger - one who or that which judges (in various senses), a judge + adjugo (l) - to yoke, fasten together + adjugor (l) - one who yokes. 

seemingly - apparently + semmi (Hungarian) - nothig.

judicant - one who judges, or passes sentence + judy (Slang) - whore + judicandum (l) - to be tried and judged (adjective).

twos and threes - a children's chasing game for six or more players + *VYC* and *IJ* + Joyce's note: '1 arm was minus a hand'.

Tussaud, Madame (1760-1850) - founded London waxworks, specially famous for its Chamber of Horrors. In FW the Museyroom (8-10) is a waxworks, with Kate as its guide (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake) + (Joyce uses Madame Tussauds because it is like a modern form of mummification).

wax - to become gradually greater or more striking; to increase in potency or intensity

lifelike - like or resembling life; exactly like a living original or something in real life

kudos - glory, fame, renown + escudo - Portuguese coin + "Penetrators are permitted into the museomound free. Welsh and the Paddy Patkinses, one shelenk!" [008.05]

NATIONAL GALLERY - In Trafalgar Square, London. From its completion in 1837, its architecture was ridiculed as "The National Cruet Stand" because of the appearance of its "pepperpot" domes. The adjacent National Portrait Gallery contains portraits of about 3000 notables, induding Lewis Carol and James Joyce + gullery - trickery, deception; a breeding place of gulls.

complacent - disposed or showing disposition to please

elegious - resembling an elegy; hence, lugubrious, melancholy, mournful + exegi monumentum aere perennius (l) - I have completed a monument more enduring than bronze (opening of last poem in Horace's 3rd book of Odes). 

perennious = pereninial - lasting through a long time, eternal; remaining green or leafy throughout the year.

oblige - to gratify with or by doing something; to do a service to, confer a favour on + {leave your canes please (at the entrance)}

blackthorn - a common thorny shrub, bearing white flowers before the leaves and very small dark purple plums; called also the Sloe; a walking-stick or cudgel made of the stem of this shrub.

gamp - umbrella (after Mrs. Sarah Gamp, a monthly nurse in Dickens' Martin Chuzzlewit, who carried a large cotton umbrella); A woman resembling Mrs. Gamp; a monthly nurse or sick nurse of a disreputable class.

de grâce! (French) - for pity's sake!

exposure - presentation or disclosure to view, public exhibition; the action of bringing to light (something discreditable)

quad - quadrangle; a vehicle with four-wheel drive; prison + Tom Quad - quadrangle in Christ Church College, Oxford, where Lewis Carroll lived.

flashback - introduction of an event of earlier occurence

sate - glutted, satiated; cloyed or surfeited by indulgence of appetite

gowned - dressed in a gown + roundabout.

habit - bodily apparel or attire; clothing, raiment, dress + (Lewis Carroll was ordained).

bland - soft, mild, pleasing to the senses; gentle

sol - sun + sol blandus (l) - the pleasant sun.

slithe - to slip, slide + Lewis Carroll: Through the Looking-Glass ch. I: 'Looking-Glass House': "'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves / Did gyre and gimble in the wabe; /
All mimsy were the borogoves, / And the mome raths outgrabe." → Humpty Dumpty says: " 'Slithy' means 'lithe and slimy'. 'Lithe' is the same as 'active'. You see it's like a portmanteau, there are two meanings packed up into one word." The original in MischMasch notes that 'slithy' means "smooth and active". 'Toves' are something like badgers, they're something like lizards, and they're something like corkscrews. [...] Also they make their nests under sun-dials, also they live on cheese." Pronounced so as to rhyme with groves. They "gyre and gimble," i.e. rotate and bore."

Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge, better known by the pseudonym Lewis Carroll, was an English author, mathematician, logician, anglican deacon and photographer. His most famous writings are 'Alice's Adventures in Wonderland' and its sequel 'Through the Looking-Glass'.

nethermore - the lower parts

globule - a spherical body of small size; a round drop (of water, etc.) + (tear).

maudlin - characterized by tearful sentimentality; weakly sentimental + the Magdalen(e - the appellation of a disciple of Christ named Mary, 'out of whom went seven devils' (Luke viii. 2). She has commonly been supposed to be identical with the unnamed 'sinner' of Luke vii. 37, and therefore appears in Western hagiology as a harlot restored to purity and elevated to saintship by repentance and faith.

corrugate - to furrow + cogitate - to take careful thought or think carefully about + agitate.

dewed - moistened + mildewed (Slang) - pitted with smallpox.

ta-ta (Colloquial) - goodbye (i.e. hand extended in goodbye) + tata (Spanish) - female stutterer.

Alice from Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland lived in Victorian England.

limp - wanting in firmness or stiffness, flaccid; flexible, pliant

looser - one who or something which looses (to set free, unbind, untie, to let fly (as an arrow)) + (limp hand).

certes - certainly, in truth; used to confirm a statement + cert - a sure thing.

before + ehe (ger) - ere, before + eher (ger) - earlier, sooner; rather + (notebook 1922-23): 'Winter turned leaves of book of nature' + FDV: ere winter turned the leaves of the book of nature the shade of the great outlander had stood at the bar of the hundred tribunals, here condemned before trial with Jedburgh justice, there acquitted against evidence with benefit of clergy.

cead (ked) (gael) - first, chief + cathair (koher) (gael) - city + urbs (l) - city.

Ath Cliath (Irish) - Hurdle Ford (name of Dublin)

Eblana - Ptolemy's name for Dublin

tertia (l) - third

outlander - a person from another country or culture

maladictus (l) - accursed + mladík (Czech) - youngster, male teenager + dik (Dutch) - fat, thick.

multi vult (l) - many faces, many expressions

magnoperous - operating in a grand manner + magnopere (l) - very much.

bulk - to loom, rise in bulk or mass

bar - the barrier marking off the immediate precinct of the judge's seat at which prisoners are stationed for trial or sentance; a tribunal

rota - a list of persons acting in rotation; the supreme court for ecclesiastical and secular causes

tribunal - a court of justice; a judicial assembly

manor - a mansion, habitation; a country residence; the principal house of an estate

thieves' kitchen - a place inhabited by thieves or other criminals; law court (Slang) + Joyce's note: 'thieves' kitchen'.

pillow talk - conversation, usu. of an intimate kind, held in bed

chitchat - light chat; light familiar conversation + shit house - a privy.

MARLBOROUGH GREEN - In the 18th century, a small green East of Marlborough Street, bounded roughly by Gardiner and Talbot Streets and Beresford Lane. It was a fashionable promenade, with a bowling green, tea-booths, singers, and bands. 

MOLESWORTH FIELDS - Until the early 18th century, the uninhabited marshy rectangle bounded by what are now Grafton and Nassau Streets, Stephen's Green, North, and Upper Merrion Street. The 20th Earl of Kidare built the 1st great house South of the Liffey (Leinster House) and said "They will follow me wherever I go." Fashionable Dubliners did. 

Jedburgh justice - justice that punishes first and tries afterwards, lynch law (named after the Scottish border town) + (notebook 1922-23): 'Jedburgh justice (shoot, then try)'.

acquit - to set free or clear from a charge or accusation, declare not guilty

con- - with, together, jointly + pro and con.