testimony - personal or documentary evidence or attestation in support of a fact or statement; hence, any form of evidence or proof

benefit of clergy - orig. the privilege of exemption from trial by a secular court, allowed to or claimed by clergymen arraigned for felony; in later times the privilege of exemption from the sentence, which, in the case of certain offences, might be pleaded on his first conviction by every one who could read. The ability to read, being originally merely the test of the 'clergy', or clerical position, of the accused, came at length to be in itself the ground of the privilege, so that the phrase became = 'benefit of scholarship'.

THING MOTE - The assembly place, usually on a mound, established by the Vikings whenever they settled. In Dublin, the Thing Mote was on a low hill South of the present Dame Street, at the intersection of Church Lane and Suffolk Street. The hill of the Thing Mote was called the Howe, Haugh, or "Howe over the Stein" (Steyne), from haugr, Old Danish "hill, sepulchral mound."   

Mod - the yearly meeting of the Highland Association, for literary and musical competitions

done him in - had him killed or injured or cheated + thingman - a member of Scandinavian juridical assembly.

beneficiary - one who receives benefits or favours; a debtor to another's bounty

legion - a vast host or multitude (of persons or things) + Mark 5:9: 'My name is Legion: for we are many'.

Pearce: Sims Reeves, Fifty Years of Music in England 206: 'since Herr Staudigl 'created' the part' (of Elijah).

number - to amount to, or be equal to, in number

Dunlop, John Boyd - Scottish inventor, one of the founders of the rubber company that bore his name, Dunlop Pneumatic Tyre Company + Joyce's note: 'Dunlop'.

behung - hung about + behold.

bissac (French Slang) - vulva + bicycles + Isaac.

Blake: letter to Cumberland of 12 April, 1827: 'the Mind, in which every one is King and Priest in his own House'.

ulva (l) - sedge + ulv (Danish) - wolf + Julius Caesar: veni, vidi, vici (l) - I came, I saw, I conquered.

lou = low + loup (French) - wolf + lo!

James Frazer: The Golden Bough (centres around the ritual murder of a divine king)

tear limb from limb - to tear all over (in every part of the body) + {The dismemberment of Bögg, the effigy of winter [057.30], during Sechseläuten [.17] [.24], and dismemberment of Osiris in Egyptian mythology}

mortification - a numbing of the vital faculties

expiration - the fact of coming to an end; termination, end, close + uxor (l) - wife.

damnation - Theol. Condemnation to eternal punishment in the world to come, perdition.

annihilation - Theol. The destruction of soul as well as body; the action or process of reducing to nothing, or of blotting out of existence + anulus (l) - ring.

Schrei (ger) - shriek

grida (it) - cries, shouts

deprofundis - a profound and agonised expression of despair or misery + de profundis (l) - "out of the depths": Vulgate Psalms 130 + Written from Wilde's prison cell at Reading Gaol to his friend and lover Lord Alfred Douglas, De Profundis explodes the conventions of the traditional love letter and offers a scathing indictment of Douglas's behavior, a mournful elegy for Wilde's own lost greatness, and an impassioned plea for reconciliation.

sisters + suspiritus (l) - sigh + soupirs (fr) - sighs + De Quincey: Suspiria de Profundis ('Sighs from the Depths').

Suil-dubhan (gael) - black-eyed + Joyce's note, Circe: 'faigh-go-baile, automobile suds for me, Sullivan Holohan, Xmas cake, 12, De profundis [58.9, line above], Phil the Fluter [58.11-12], adeste fidelis [58.11],'

mannequin = manikin - a little man, dwarf + Manneken-Pis - statue in Brussels of a child urinating.

London Bridge fish on table, Kennedy's bread, O'Connell's Ale [7.11-12], (Joyce's note, Circe) London Bridge Is Falling Down - a children's singing game.

sweep the board - to take all the cards, to pocket all the stakes. Also often transf. and fig., to carry off all the stakes or prizes; hence, to carry off all the honours.

Adeste fideles (l) - Be present, faithful ones (Come, all you faithful)

felon - a vile or wicked person, a villain, wretch, monster + Fidelio - masculine name assumed by Imogen in Cymbeline, and by Lemore in Beethoven's Fidelio, which is based on Bouilly's Lenore or Conjugal Love. Imogen-like chimney sweepers-was thought to have come to dust.   

Flucher (ger) - one who curses

bawl - a loud prolonged rough cry + ball - a glass of brandy (slang) + Percy French: Phil the Fluter's Ball: 'With the toot of the flute and the twiddle of the fiddle, O!'

flout - a mocking speech or action; a piece of mockery, jeer, scoff

fettle - a state of fitness or order + in fine fettle - in fine state + as fit as a fiddle - in good 'form' or condition.

all + wohl (ger) - well + By the Magazine Wall, zinzin, zinzin (motif).

chinchin - Used as a toast, as in drinking to someone's health; exp. of greeting or farewell; casual or trivial talk, chatter.

chime - to produce a musical sound from a bell, to summon by chiming

din - a loud noise; particularly a continued confused or resonant sound

joviality - jollity, festivity, conviviality + bovine + Phil the Fluter's Ball (song): 'Then all joined in wid the utmost joviality'.

swipe - to drink at one gulp

beaune - red table wine produced in France

sherry - the still white wine made near Xeres

cider - a beverage made from the juice of apples expressed and fermented

negus - a mixture of wine (esp. port or sherry) and hot water, sweetened with sugar and flavoured

lemonade + citron - lemon + Hooligan's Christmas Cake (song): 'There were plums and prunes and cherries, Raisins and currants and cinnamon too' + Miss Fogarty's Christmas Cake (song): 'There were plums and prunes and cherries, There were citrons and raisins and cinnamon, too... It would kill a man twice After eating a slice Of Miss Fogarty's Christmas Cake'.

strongers = strong drink - intoxicating liquor, alcoholic liquors generally.

mester = mister + Henrik Ibsen: 'Bygmester Solness': The Master Builder (Solness).

Beggar and Pegger - appear to be antagonists, mendicant, vs. Welsh stone-thrower. They follow a pattern: personal encounter, Beggar's plea, Pegger's attack on Beggar. The pattern may owe something to Baudelaire's fable (mentioned in W Lewis' Tarr) of beggar and poet who beat each other to a pulp + begge (Danish) - both + Bögg - the winter demon in the form of a sixty-foot-high male effigy, ceremonially burned at Sechseläuten (Zurich spring festival). 

bag - to put into a bag, to shoot down, destroy

softy - a very soft-hearted person; one who is considered cowardly, weak, or unmanly

seufzen (ger) - sigh + James Macpherson: The Poems of Ossian: Carric-Thura: 'The soft sigh of Utha was near!' + - Tefnut, "She of moisture", daughter of the Atum, the sister-wife of Shu, and the mother of Geb and Nut. Loaf is "t", horned viper is "f", bowl is "nw" ( = Nwt or Nut, sky and the heaven goddess, = Nwnw, 'primeval waters'), one more "t", and last symbol is Goddess.

Eheu, fugaces, Postume, Postume, Labuntur anni (l) - Alas, Postumus, Postumus, the fleeting years glide away (opening of Horace's 14th Ode of the Second book) + vergiss ess (French) - forget it.

Power, Frank, "Ghazi" (1858-84) - Dublin journalist, jester, he claimed to have been at Plevna and gained the title of "Ghazi" on "Brave" when he led a Turkish cavalry charge, crying "Hooroo for Dublin!" He tried to hoax Parnell with a story of Dublin risen in revolt, and showed a "bullet wound" in his leg which turned out to be a blind boil on "illconditioned ulcer." Power was killed trying to escape Khartoum.  

throne - to sit on a throne + threne - a song of lamentation + treenige Gud (Danish) - threefold God.

erring - deviating from the right or intended course, missing the mark; that is in error, or commits errors in opinion or conduct

condonable - excausable, forgivable + FDV: The heroic shade looms up big, human, erring, forgivable behind the varied speeches of his fellow men & women.  

statue - to represent in a statue, to turn into a statue + status quo - the existing state of affairs (Latin: "state in which").

Kuo (Swiss and old high German for Kuh) - cow + kuo (Chinese) - country, nation + Queen

mess - company of persons eating together + mischief - a cause or source of harm or evil.

king + kuang (Chinese) - light + wang (Chinese) - king.

shu (Chinese) - tree + - Shu, god of light and air. His name is thought to be derived from the word for dryness "shu", the root of words such as "dry". Phonetically, first symbol, 'feather' is "shw", second symbol, 'quail chick' is "w" (not pronounced in this combination since we already have "w"), third is symbol of God.

loom - to appear indistinctly; to come into view in an enlarged and indefinite form

jostling - clashing, knocking or pushing about + FDV: The heroic shade looms up big, human, erring, forgivable behind the varied speeches of his fellow men & women. 

have + know.

mal- - bad, badly, abnormal + recapture - to experience again + LDV: Big, human, erring, forgivable the unforgettable shade looms up behind the varied judgments of those unrecapturable days.

firstshot (Slang) - weak poteen of first distillation + Lord Charles Hay (English captain) falsely supposed to have cried at the Battle of Fontenoy: 'Gentlemen of the French Guard, fire! We never fire first'.

messieurs (French) - gentlemen

fusiliers + refuse.

Zurich's sedately riotous festival is Sechseläuten, held in April, when an effigy of the Bogg, a snowman representing Winter, is ceremonially burned in the Bellevueplatz as the bells ring out for 6 PM. + Pingpong, the bell for Sechseläuten, and concepit de Saint-Esprit (motif) + Saxon (ENGLISH).

times + tommies (Slang) - English soldiers + (notebook 1922-23): 'Three soldiers were walking in Fleet Street. One gave an opinion in which all concurred. It was the woman He proved himself a man afterwards' Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'Three soldiers were walking together in Fleet-street; one gave an opinion in which all concurred. It was the woman who was to blame. Bywaters played a bad part in the crime, but he was coerced. He proved himself a man afterwards'.

Soldiers Three - Kipling's privates Ortheris, Learoyd, Mulvaney. Joyce here plays with the song, "We be soldiers three... pardonnez-moi, je vous en prie".

cockaleekie - a soup made of chicken boiled with leeks + leek (WELSH).

cap a pie - from head to foot + cappa, pi (it) - K, P + Joyce's levels: Three soldiers >soldiers <three< > free, >cockaleek &< capapee> cockaleak and cappapee, → "The simple 'three soldiers' of the first draft become more and more our familiar Tom Dick and Harry, at levels 3 and 4, themselves peeing (including also the pot on a pole, in 'cappapee'), and at level 5 being at Waterloo, as we can tell from 'wellesday'." (Bill Cadbury)

Coldstream Guards - Scottish regiment (SCOTTISH) + FDV: Three soldiers of the Coldstream Guards were walking in Montgomery street.

pardonnez-moi, je vous en prie (fr) - excuse me, please + Je vous en prie - you're welcome (literally, "I'm at your service").

MONTGOMERY STREET - Now Foley Street, running West from Amiens (mow Connolly) Station to Mabbot Street. The entrance to the once brothel district, often called "Monto." 

side + {one soldier voiced opinion (to prostitute in Montgomery street) 'pardonnez!' and other two concurred standing on the either side of her 'je vous en prie, eh?'}

finner - genus of whales; finnoc (a white trout) + Finner Camp - military establishment between Bundoran and Ballyshannon, County Donegal.

camp - a company of persons encamped or moving in a group

concur - to agree in opinion (with) + FDV: One gave an opinion in which all concurred. It was the woman, they said; he showed himself a man afterwards.

soup - to place in difficulties, to bring to grief + LDV: It was the first woman, they said. He showed himself a man afterwards.

Wednesday + Arthur Wellesley, first Duke of Wellington.

Matthew 6:28: 'lilies of the field' + Lilith - Adam's first wife, according to Kabbalah.

con (Slang) - vulva + Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let's go out to the field." And while they were in the field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and killed him.  

wroth - deep anger or resentment; wrath, rage, or fury + Finnegans Wake galley, level 3: 'It was the first woman, they said, souped him. Lily roth till eldfar, ruth redd stillstand, wrath Ø wruth all confessed private Pat Marchison.'

mod - modern; mood; modify + mod (Danish) - against + mod (Old English) - mind.

ældre (Danish) - elder + far (Danish) - father.

ruth - a feeling of pity, distress, or grief

redd - to set in order, to clear; to save, rescue + read.

Stillstand (ger) - halt, armistice + stilstand (Danish, Dutch) - standstill, cessation, stagnation, deadlock.

private - an ordinary soldier without rank or distinction of any kind

retro - backwards, into past time

terse - freed from verbal redundancy, neatly concise

consenter - one who consents, or is a party to anything + contender - a combatant, rival, competitor.

san (gr) - ancient letter S + santo (it) - saint + Angelus: 'et concepit de Spiritu Sancto' ('and she conceived of the Holy Ghost') + San Toy - a successful musical comedy of the early 20th century (and the name of its Chinese heroine).

Vauxhall - locality in London (a popular pleasure resort on the bank of the Thames) + Joyce's note: 'An actress 'Then he has been so wonderful'' Daily Sketch 14 Dec 1922: 'Petition for Reprieve of Bywaters is Ready To-Day': 'Miss Sheila Courtenay, who is appearing in "The Cat and the Canary" at the Shaftsbury Theatre, put the same view: "I do sincerely hope," she said, "that Bywaters will not be hanged. He is very young, and was egged on by a woman older than himself to do what he did. And then he has been so wonderful in his behaviour at the Old Bailey"'.

boards - the stage of a theatre

noted - well known by reputation, eminent

stagey - having characteristics of stage, theatrical

executioner - one who carries a sentence or judgement into effect, the official who carries out a sentence of death + elocutionist - a public speaker trained in voice production and gesture and delivery.

waste basket - wastepaper basket + (notebook 1922-23): 'vestpocket typewriter' Evening Standard 9 Jan 1923, 8/3: 'Miniature Typewriter Weighs 1oz and goes into the Waistcoat Pocket' + Joyce's levels: she has been calledA>callit< by a noted >elocution< < critic> elecutioner a >waistpocket< wastepacket < Siddons> Sittons.

Siddons, Sarah (1755-1831) - English actress. Her tragic question, "Will it wash?," is at 290.19 (Glasheen, Adaline / Third census of Finnegans wake).

interviewed + FDV: A leading coming actress who has been called by 1 critic a vestpocket Siddons was interviewed in a beauty parlour and while righting her cartwheel hat, said: she hoped he would be acquitted and get an Xmas pardon as the world had been unkind to him: Then he has been so truly wonderful she added.

west end - the theatres of the west end (part of London) + WEST END - The fashionable Western district of central London. 

pewter - a gray alloy of tin with copper and antimony (formerly, tin and lead) + (notebook 1922-23): 'beauty parlour' 'beauty parlour' is slang for brothel.

parlour - an elegantly or showily fitted apartment, for some special business or trade use

beautiful + Finnegans Wake galley, level 4: 'Looking perhaps even more <beautiflushed, > pewtyflushed Mrs F_ A_ said, while <righting> recoopering her cartwheel hat,'

Peter: Dublin Fragments, Social and Historic 156: (of 18th century shopping) 'What do we know of... grandierells, cherry-derries, and cutfee handkerchiefs? All forgotten terms' + cherry-derry (colour): .